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Fogarty Patrick F - - 2009
Data concerning the prevalence of chronic immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) among adults are limited and are confounded by lack of concordance of definitions of stage of disease. In the largest series of outpatients, prevalence has been estimated to range from 5.6 to 20 per 100,000 population and increases with advancing age. ...
Aspinall R - - 2010
Adjustments to lifestyle including social and medical changes have led to human populations having increased longevity in many countries, producing shifts in the population demographics. Approximately half of the increase in the world's population by 2050 may be accounted for by the prolonged survival of those over the age of ...
Hunt Katherine J - - 2010
Aging is accompanied by declining function and remodeling of body systems. In particular, changes to the immune and endocrine systems have far-reaching effects that cause an increase in cytokine release and decrease in anti-inflammatory feedback systems. The chronic inflammation that ensues has been named ''inflammaging.'' Inflammaging is associated with many ...
Tiihonen Kirsti - - 2010
Earlier studies have indicated a decrease in anaerobes and bifidobacteria and a concomitant increase in enterobacteria in the intestinal microbiota with ageing. However, new data obtained with molecular techniques suggests decreased stability and increased diversity of the gut microbiota with advancing age. Further, no simple marker change in microbiota composition ...
Vernikos Joan - - 2010
The abnormal physiology that manifests itself in healthy humans during their adaptation to the microgravity of space has all the features of accelerated aging. The mechano-skeletal and vestibulo-neuromuscular stimuli which are below threshold in space, result in an overall greater than 10-fold more rapid onset and time course of muscle ...
Amir Ariel - - 2009
Glassy systems are ubiquitous in nature. They are characterized by slow relaxations to equilibrium without a typical time scale, aging, and memory effects. Understanding this has been a long-standing problem in physics. We study the aging of the electron glass, a system showing remarkable slow relaxations of the conductance. We ...
Kelvin E A - - 2009
The results of previous investigations indicate that age and gender may influence the strength of the human host's immune response to infection of the central nervous system with the larvae of Taenia solium. Most of the relevant research on such neurocysticercosis (NCC) has, however, been conducted on hospital-based samples in ...
Oszl?nczi Agnes - - 2010
The effects of three aminoglycosides (AGs), tobramycin, streptomycin and spectinomycin on 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DPPE)-1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-[phospho-rac-1-glycerol] (DPPG)/water systems with 0.05 and 0.2 DPPG/DPPE+DPPG molar fractions were examined by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), simultaneous small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SWAXS), and freeze-fracture transmission electronmicroscopy (FF-TE) at 10(-1) AG/lipid molar ratio in the doped ...
Ogra Pearay L - - 2010
The development, structural diversification, and functional maturation of mammalian immunologic repertoire at mucosal surfaces and the systemic lymphoid tissue is a remarkably dynamic and continuous process, which begins in early fetal life and eventually culminates in variable degree of senescence or cellular death with advancing age. This brief overview will ...
Hong Seong-Eui - - 2010
Although systems biology is a perfect framework for investigating system-level declines during aging, only a few reports have focused on a comprehensive understanding of system-level changes in the context of aging systems. The present study aimed to understand the most sensitive biological systems affected during aging and to reveal the ...
Duranoglu L - - 2010
It has recently been reported that the worldwide increase in the number of pertussis cases is a result of the waning of whole-cell vaccine-induced immunity. Thus, in this study, we aimed to investigate the pertussis immunity status of primary and secondary school students in a district of Ankara, Turkey. A ...
Enck P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The composition of the fecal mircoflora and its changes on ageing have rarely been investigated in large samples of both patients and volunteers. METHODS: We analysed the fecal flora by conventional microbiological testing (Kyberstatus, Institute of Microecology, Herborn, Germany) of stool samples from 35 292 adults (age: 46.3 +/- ...
Reichler I M - - 2009
The necessity, and in particular the timing, of gonadectomy in dogs and cats is still controversial. This is mainly because gonadectomy confers a mixture of benefits and adverse effects that depend upon the age at neutering, sex, species and breed. In this paper, the long-term risks and benefits of gonadectomy, ...
Tak Lineke M - - 2009
Functional somatic symptoms (FSS) are symptoms unexplained in terms of underlying organic pathology. Alterations in the immune system function may be associated with FSS via induction of sickness behavior. We aimed to investigate whether low-grade immune system activation is positively associated with FSS in a population-based cohort of 881 adults ...
- - 2009
The aim of this review is to present age-related changes in the bone marrow and thymus and their effects in later life. Age-related hematologic changes are marked by a decline in marrow cellularity, increased risk of myeloproliferative disorders and anemia, and a decline in adaptive immunity. The exact mechanisms that ...
Baeza I - - 2009
Ageing is accompanied by an impairment of the physiological activity of the nervous, endocrine and immune system, as well as in neuroendocrine-immune communication. However, age-related changes in this communication axis have been scarcely studied. In mammals, the process of ageing is associated with an important decline in the secretion of ...
Vasilevko Vitaly - - 2009
Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia in the elderly and the number of individuals developing the disease is rapidly rising. Interventions focused on reducing beta-amyloid (Abeta), a component of senile plaques within the AD brain offer a promising approach to prevent or slow disease progression. In ...
Swain Susan L SL Trudeau Institute, 154 Algonquin Avenue, Saranac Lake, NY 12983, USA. - - 2009
A number of key advantages make the immune system uniquely suited for studies of aging. The understanding of loss of immune function with aging has advanced to allow incisive evaluations of general theories of aging. Specifically, the time is ripe for examination of mechanisms leading to age-associated molecular and cellular ...
Anisimov Vladimir N - - 2009
The incidence of cancer increases with age in humans and in laboratory animals alike. There are different patterns of age-related distribution of tumors in different organs and tissues. Aging may increase or decrease the susceptibility of various tissues to initiation of carcinogenesis and usually facilitates promotion and progression of carcinogenesis. ...
OdabaƟ, Öner
Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the histological appearance of testis, epididymis, prostate and seminal vesicles of ram lambs immunized against gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH). Methods: The study was performed on 14 male lambs, 7 in the study group and the other 7 in the control group. ...
Rai Seema - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Our interest was to find out whether pineal gland and their by melatonin act as modulator of immunosenescence. Parachlorophenylalanine (PCPA) - a beta adrenergic blocker, is known to perform chemical pinealectomy (Px) by suppressing indirectly the substrate 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) for melatonin synthesis and thereby melatonin itself. The role of ...
May Linda - - 2009
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND-: The innate immune system plays an important role in the recognition and induction of protective responses against infectious pathogens, whilst there is increasing evidence for a role in mediating chronic inflammatory diseases at older age. Despite indications that environmental conditions can influence the senescence process of the adaptive ...
Pawelec Graham - - 2009
'Immunosenescence' is an imprecise term used to describe deleterious age-associated changes to immune parameters observed in all mammals studied so far. Primarily anecdotal evidence implies that failing immunity is responsible for the increased incidence and severity of infectious disease in old people. However, there is a serious dearth of accurate ...
Choi Sang In - - 2009
Several studies have found a significant association between the presence of earlobe crease (ELC) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Brachial-ankle Pulse Wave Velocity (baPWV) is a non-invasive and useful measure of arterial stiffness predicting cardiovascular events and mortality. However, few studies have reported the relationship between ELC and baPWV as a ...
- - 2008
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children aged <1 year and is a major cause of respiratory illness in older adults. RSV is transmitted person-to-person via close contact, droplets, and fomites. Each year in the United States, an estimated 75,000-125,000 children aged ...
Goto Makoto - - 2008
Aging, and especially human aging, can be explained by the emerging concept of parainflammation-driven inflammaging, i.e. a combination of inflammation and aging. Inflammaging posits that aging either physiologically or pathologically can be driven by the pro-inflammatory cytokines and substances produced by the innate immune system. Animals must maintain homeostasis as ...
Allen George P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors associated with development of clinical neurologic signs in horses exposed to equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1). ANIMALS: 36 adult horses. PROCEDURES: Blood samples collected before and after challenge inoculation with nonneuropathogenic or neuropathogenic EHV-1 were analyzed for leukocyte-associated viremia, serum neutralizing antibody, and EHV-1-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte precursors ...
Papp Krisztián - - 2008
Humoral immune responses are traditionally characterized by determining the presence and quality of Abs specific for certain Ags. Arraying of large numbers of Ags allows the parallel measurement of Abs, generating patterns called Ab profiles. Functional characterization of these Abs could help draw an even more informative map of an ...
Ulker H - - 2009
This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of a luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) fusion protein immunization on reproductive traits in ram lambs including the changes in histology and ultrasonographic appearance of testis. Thirty native ram lambs at 19 weeks of age were divided into control (C, n = ...
Benitez-Ribas Daniel - - 2008
Human plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs)(2) exploit Ag uptake receptors like CD32a for internalization of exogenous Ags. Activation of pDC by TLR9 ligand CpG-C induces strong maturation. Surprisingly, we observed that CpG-C-stimulated pDCs showed impaired Ag-specific T cell proliferation whereas the induction of allogeneic T cell proliferation was not affected. We ...
Bhutto Asif - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the graying of the world's population, there is an increased interest in the physiological effects of aging. This review examines the physiological changes of the gut with aging and their clinical significance. RECENT FINDINGS: Changes with aging in the gastrointestinal tract are variable, but in some ...
Mukherjee Prasun - - 2009
The integrated fluorescence of murine eyes is collected as a function of age. This fluorescence is attributed to pigments generally referred to as lipofuscin and is observed to increase with age. No difference in fluorescence intensity is observed between the eyes of males or females. This work provides a benchmark ...
Bufford J D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exposure to pets in childhood has been associated with a reduced risk of wheezing and atopy. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine whether the effects of pet exposure on immune development and atopy in early childhood can be explained by alterations in exposure to innate immune stimuli in settled ...
Xie D - - 2008
A total of 260 one-day-old Arbor Acres male broilers were exposed to red light (RL), green light (GL), blue light (BL), and white light (WL), respectively, by using a light-emitting diode system for 7 wk. There were 5 replicate pens for each light treatment and 13 birds per pen. The ...
Raffel Thomas R - - 2009
Acquired immune memory in vertebrates influences transmission and persistence of infections, with consequences for parasite dynamics at both the individual and population levels. The potential impact of acquired immunity is of particular interest for salamanders, whose acquired immune systems are thought to be less effective than those of frogs and ...
Ouwehand Arthur C - - 2009
With increasing age, a number of physiological changes take place which are reflected in immune and bowel function. These changes may relate to the commonly assumed age-related changes in intestinal microbiota; most noticeably a reduction in bifidobacteria. The current study aimed at modifying the intestinal microbiota with a potential synbiotic ...
El Essawy Abdel Basset - - 2008
The aging process results in profound anatomic and functional changes in a number of human body systems. Changes in kidney function with normal aging are the most dramatic of any human organ or organ system. These include anatomical, physiological, hemodynamic and immunological changes. Increased propensities of systemic diseases and exposure ...
Stacy Sue - - 2008
Immune senescence in the elderly results in decreased immunity with a concomitant increase in susceptibility to infection and diminished efficacy of vaccination. Nonhuman primate models have proven critical for testing of vaccines and therapeutics in the general population, but a model using old animals has not been established. Toward that ...
Du Bus De Warnaffe, ...
Uneven-aged management of conifer plantations is proposed as a way to increase the value of these forests for the conservation of bird diversity. To test this assumption, we compared the impact of four common silvicultural systems on bird communities, defined by cutblock size (large in even-aged silvicultural systems/smaller in uneven-aged ...
Hakacova Nina - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Altered levels of coagulation factors are reported in patients with functionally univentricular physiology before and following the second and third stages of reconstructive surgery. The aims of our study were to determine if such abnormalities are also present in newborns with this physiology prior to the first stage of ...
Mees Soeren Torge - - 2008
Immune function after hemorrhagic shock (shock) and subsequent sepsis is proofed to be sex- and age-related, showing an enhanced immune function and better survival of young females and a deteriorating immune response in advanced age. However, it remains unclear if the observed sex- and age-related effects observed on the immune ...
del Alamo M - - 2008
This paper shows the results of the experiments carried on Spanish red wines aged through alternative as well as traditional oak barrel systems, i.e., chips stainless steel tanks and staves stainless steel tanks, at the same time and under the same conditions. Wine aging through wood pieces is not accepted ...
McCrea G Lindsay - - 2008
This review provides information on the definition of constipation, normal continence and defecation and a description of the pathophysiologic mechanisms of constipation. In addition, changes in the anatomy and physiology of the lower gastrointestinal tract associated with aging that may contribute to constipation are described. MEDLINE (1966-2007) and CINAHL (1980-2007) ...
Matthias Kathryn A - - 2008
Delivery of Ag to inductive sites, such as nasal-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) or GALT, is thought to promote mucosal immunity. Host and microbial factors that contribute to this process were investigated during model murine airway colonization by the pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae. Colonization led to the deposition of released bacterial capsular ...
Yung Raymond L RL Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. - - 2008
Immune senescence is associated with a decline in T- and B-cell immune responses. It is, therefore, perhaps surprising that aging is linked to the appearance of serological and clinical autoimmunity. Here we review the mechanisms that contribute to the increase in inflammatory and autoimmune responses in aging. The bulk of ...
Ebersole J L - - 2008
This report evaluated systemic inflammatory and immune biomarkers in a cohort of Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkeys) maintained as a large family social unit, including an age range from <1 year to >24 years. We hypothesized that the systemic host responses would be affected by the age, gender, and clinical oral ...
Rizzetto R - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Air pollution in confined environments is a serious health problem, in that most people spend long periods indoors (in homes, offices, classrooms etc.). Some people (children, the elderly, heart disease patients, asthmatic or allergic subjects) are at greater risk because of their conditions of frailty. The growing use of ...
Quillfeldt Petra - - 2008
Because immune function competes for the resources that can be allocated to other activities, studies of immunological ecology may offer a powerful tool for explaining how reproductive effort links to reproductive costs and how conditions experienced early in their development affect growing chicks in later life. We studied the distribution ...
Tiihonen Kirsti - - 2008
Elderly individuals are more susceptible to gastrointestinal problems such as constipation than young adults. Furthermore, the common use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) among the elderly is known to further increase such gastrointestinal ailments. To describe the specific changes in elderly, intestinal microbes, their metabolites and immune markers were measured ...
Martin Lynn B - - 2008
In most species, sexes differ in levels of parasitism. These differences have traditionally been believed to be static, but a capacity for adjusting anti-parasite investments would allow sexes to allocate resources adaptively contingent on environmental conditions. During stressful periods, such as a food shortage, allocation decisions would be mandated in ...
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