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Vamos Zoltan Z Department of Pathophysiology and Gerontology, Szentagothai Research Centre, University of Pecs, Medical School, Szigeti út 12, Pecs, 7624, - - 2014
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a well-known neuropeptide, which also has vasomotor effects. However, little is known regarding its age-related and organ-specific vasomotor effects. We hypothesized that the vasomotor effects of PACAP depend on the tissue origin of the vessels and aging substantially modulates its actions. Thus, carotid (CA) ...
Schwartz Brian S BS Departments of Environmental Health - - 2014
Childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with childhood and adult obesity, and stimulant use with delayed childhood growth, but the independent influences are unclear. No longitudinal studies have examined associations of ADHD diagnosis and stimulant use on BMI trajectories throughout childhood and adolescence. We used longitudinal electronic health record ...
Strydom Phillip E - - 2013
Four groups of carcasses of eighty grain fed low stressed steers (~12months old, 240kg carcass weight) received no stimulation or had low voltage stimulation for 15, 45 and 90s. M. longissimus was aged for 2 and 14days at 2°C. Shear force, sarcomere length, water holding capacity, purge, muscle fibre detachment, ...
Youl P H - - 2012
Background:  An examination of melanoma incidence according to anatomical region may be one method of monitoring the impact of public health initiatives. Objectives:  To examine melanoma incidence trends by body site, sex and age at diagnosis or body site and morphology in a population at high risk. Methods:  Population-based data ...
Erdmann Friederike - - 2012
The incidence of cutaneous malignant melanoma has steadily increased over the past 50 years in predominately fair-skinned populations. This increase is reported to have levelled off recently in several Northern and Western European countries, Australia and New Zealand and in North America. We studied the global patterns and time trends ...
Shields Carol L - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical features and life prognosis of uveal melanoma based on age at presentation. DESIGN: Retrospective, nonrandomized, interventional case series. RESULTS: Of 8,033 eyes with uveal melanoma, 106 (1%) were in young patients (≤20 years), 4,287 (53%) in mid adults (21-60 years), and 3,640 (45%) in older adults ...
Schulze Christian - - 2012
Changes in mechanical properties are an essential characteristic of the aging process of human skin. Previous studies attribute these changes predominantly to the altered collagen and elastin organization and density of the extracellular matrix. Here, we show that individual dermal fibroblasts also exhibit a significant increase in stiffness during aging ...
Tassopoulou-Fishell Maria - - 2012
Several candidate loci have been suggested as influencing mandibular prognathism (1p22.1, 1p22.2, 1p36, 3q26.2, 5p13-p12, 6q25, 11q22.2-q22.3, 12q23, 12q13.13, and 19p13.2). The goal of this study was to replicate these results in a well-characterized homogeneous sample set. Thirty-three single nucleotide polymorphisms spanning all candidate regions were studied in 44 prognathic ...
Yu Chia-Chia - - 2012
In the aging human eye, oxidative damage and accumulation of pro-oxidant lysosomal lipofuscin cause functional decline of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), which contributes to age-related macular degeneration. In mice with an RPE-specific phagocytosis defect due to lack of αvβ5 integrin receptors, RPE accumulation of lipofuscin suggests that the age-related ...
Hoque M F - - 2011
Study design:Observational study.Setting:Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed (CRP), Dhaka, Bangladesh.Methods:This observational study was conducted on 84 patients of Cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) due to fall while carrying heavy load on head. They were admitted at the CRP, Dhaka, Bangladesh between January1999 and December 2001. Relevant personal information, ...
Mendel Z - - 2011
The physiological age of adult males of seven mealybug species was measured in relation to the elongation of the male pair of the waxy caudal filaments. These filaments begin to emerge after eclosion and reached their maximum length from 29.4-46.6 h. The studied males were divided into three age groups, ...
Freeman Spencer A - - 2011
When lymphocytes encounter APCs bearing cognate Ag, they spread across the surface of the APC to scan for additional Ags. This is followed by membrane contraction and the formation of Ag receptor microclusters that initiate the signaling reactions that lead to lymphocyte activation. Breakdown of the submembrane cytoskeleton is likely ...
Fujimura Tsutomu - - 2011
Although there have been many reports about the relationship between force generation by skeletal muscles and aging, no study has investigated the relationship between contraction forces generated by non-muscle cells and aging. In this study, we examined that relationship using fibroblast populating collagen gels and a contraction force detecting system. ...
Marques Leandro Silva - - 2011
This study aimed to evaluate the cephalometric pattern of Class II Division 1 individuals with deep bite, and to determine possible correlations between dentoskeletal variables and deep bite. Comparisons were also made between genders and cases that were to be treated both with and without premolar extraction. A total of ...
Kao Wan-Chuan - - 2011
This article offers a reading of premodern, spiritual tomboyism as evident in the cult of Sainte Foy in France during the ninth to eleventh centuries. It draws attention to the signs of differently gendered and aged masculinities in the female child saint. Martyred at the cusp of puberty, Sainte Foy ...
Marinelli Andrea - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to analyze the transverse dentoalveolar features of subjects with Class II Division 1 malocclusion in mixed dentition when compared to subjects with normal occlusion. The study was performed on 192 randomly selected subjects in the early mixed dentition. According to sagittal skeletal and occlusal ...
Shehadeh Lina A LA Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, United States of America. - - 2011
Aging-associated changes in the cardiovascular system increase the risk for disease development and lead to profound alterations in vascular reactivity and stiffness. Elucidating the molecular response of arteries to injury and age will help understand the exaggerated remodeling of aging vessels. We studied the gene expression profile in a model ...
Kanda Hideyuki - - 2011
Background Proper age verification can prevent minors from accessing tobacco products. For this reason, electronic locking devices based on a proof-of age system utilising cards were installed in almost every tobacco vending machine across Japan and Germany to restrict sales to minors. Objective We aimed to clarify the associations between ...
Forte Giovanni - - 2011
The reference values (RVs) for blood Cd and Pb of 215 adult subjects non-occupationally exposed and living in Sardinia (insular Italy) were assessed. Age, sex, smoking, alcohol drinking and living area were used to stratify the reference group. After collection from volunteers, samples were acid digested in a microwave oven ...
Kuendig Hervé - - 2011
Tobacco control policies, aiming at reducing youth's access to tobacco, revealed positive outcomes and were implemented in most of the European countries. A naturalistic field study was conducted to assess retailer compliance with a regional ban forbidding selling tobacco products to youths under the age of 18 in a Swiss ...
Awan Shaheen N - - 2011
Objective: This study investigated the capability of the Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI) and its component measures to reveal differences in vocal capability between groups of young adult female smokers and nonsmokers. Patients and Methods: The subjects were 30 female nonsmokers and 30 female smokers between the ages of 18 and ...
Konstantinidis Iordanis - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the taste function between smokers and nonsmokers with clinical testing, subjective ratings, and contact endoscopy of the tongue. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Data were collected from 38 smokers (mean age 37 years; 25 female, 23 male) and 34 nonsmokers (mean age 33.5 years; ...
Wilson Nick - - 2010
We examined how recognition of a national quitline number changed after new health warnings were required on tobacco packaging in New Zealand (NZ). The NZ arm of the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey (ITC Project) is a cohort study that surveyed smokers in two waves (N = 1,376 and ...
Robinson Jude - - 2010
To explore how young people continue to access cigarettes following an increase of the age of sale to 18 years and the implications for future smoking prevention policy and practice. Qualitative study using 14 focus groups. Schools and community projects in disadvantaged areas of Birmingham, UK. Eighty-five smokers and non-smokers ...
Bahcebasi Talat - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate indoor air quality and factors affecting expired carbon monoxide (CO) levels in a coffeehouse environment. This cross-sectional study was conducted at 16 randomly selected coffeehouses in Duzce, Turkey, during November 2007 to March 2008. A total of 547 people, average age 46.72 ...
Canals-Borrajo Gema - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the utility of family physicians' office spirometry, to detect previously undiagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in individuals who smoke. Furthermore, agreement between doctors with more or less experience in performing spirometry was assessed. Cross-sectional study. Smokers aged 40-69 years who attended ...
Bernert John T - - 2010
The tobacco-specific nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) and its reduction product in the body, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL), are potent pulmonary carcinogens. We have measured total NNAL in the U.S. population of tobacco users and nonsmokers exposed to secondhand smoke. We measured total urinary NNAL (free NNAL plus its glucuronides following hydrolysis) by using ...
Redgrave Jessica N E - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Rates of incident and recurrent cardiovascular events rise steadily with age, due partly to more extensive atherosclerotic burden. However, in patients with similarly severe symptomatic carotid stenosis, increasing age is associated with a greater risk of ipsilateral ischemic stroke. This effect may be due to age-related differences ...
Smith D R - - 2010
The results of a tobacco smoking survey conducted among veterinarians in Queensland, Australia, during 2007 are presented. Of the 567 participants only 3% reported being current smokers, 24% were ex-smokers and 73% had never smoked. The prevalence of smoking was similar among males and females, and the highest smoking rate ...
Weiss Carine - - 2010
Recruiting adolescents into smoking cessation programs has been challenging, and there is a lack of effective smoking cessation interventions for this age group. We aimed to assess whether the approach of using aging images can be used to recruit young, female smokers for a smoking cessation course. In this study, ...
Fidler Jennifer A - - 2010
To assess smoking prevalence before and after the rise in legal age of sale of cigarettes in England and Wales from age 16 to age 18 in October 2007. A series of monthly cross-sectional household surveys: the 'Smoking Toolkit Study'. England. A total of 53, 322 adults aged 16 and ...
Pitel L - - 2010
Male teenagers used to smoke more than females, but this male:female ratio has reversed in several European countries over recent decades. The aim of this study was to assess whether a similar shift in gender differences in smoking and other health-related behaviours has occurred in Slovak adolescents over the last ...
Gül Ibrahim - - 2011
Impairment of endothelial functions has been shown to occur after acute and chronic exposure to passive smoking (PS), as assessed by flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery. A total of 61 participants, 30 male and 31 female, mean ages 26 (18-36) were enrolled in the study. All were clinically ...
Pergadia Michele L - - 2010
We examined the variation and heritability of DSM-IV nicotine withdrawal (NW) in adult and adolescent male and female twin cigarette smokers (who reported smoking 100 or more cigarettes lifetime). Telephone diagnostic interviews were completed with 3,112 Australian adult male and female smokers (53% women; age: 24-36) and 702 Missouri adolescent ...
Rainio Susanna U - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Limited information is available on the use and acquisition of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) products in minors after deregulation of the sales. In Finland, deregulation releasing the NRT products for general sale took place in 2006. The sale is prohibited to those under the age of 18 years. We ...
Sekulic Damir - - 2010
This study investigated substance use and misuse among 16 female and 9 male Croatian ballet professionals in 2008 using an original questionnaire. We analyzed social, personal, activity- and training-related, and educational factors, and criteria such as: binge alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, appetite suppressant consumption, analgesic use, and actual and potential ...
Giuca M R - - 2010
Cigarette smoke contains oxidants such as oxygen-free radicals and volatile aldehydes, which are probably the major causes of damage to biomolecules exposed to cigarette smoke. However, saliva has an antioxidant defense system able to counter toxic activities of radical species that is formed by antioxidant enzymes, including superoxide dismutase (SOD) ...
Harrabi Imed - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological and observational evidence suggests that waterpipe use is growing in popularity worldwide. AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of cigarette and water pipe tobacco use among pupils aged 13-17 years in the urban area of Sousse, Tunisia and to identify the factors which ...
Ramo Danielle E DE Department of Psychiatry, University of California, 401 Parnassus Avenue, Box CPT 0984, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. - - 2010
While young adults have the highest prevalence of cigarette smoking of any adult age group, studies of tobacco and other substance use have reported challenges in recruiting this age group. The Internet may be a useful tool for reaching young adult smokers. The present study compared three Internet-based recruitment methods ...
- - 2010
The majority of the world's 1.3 billion tobacco users are men, but female use is increasing. To examine differences in tobacco use and awareness of tobacco marketing by sex, CDC and health officials in Bangladesh, Thailand, and Uruguay (among the first countries to report results) analyzed 2009 data from a ...
Paul Christine L - - 2010
Relatively little attention has been given to the retail availability of tobacco products despite the likelihood that ubiquitous supply may represent a primary form of tobacco promotion in Australia. This study aimed to explore the number and distribution of tobacco outlets, smokers' perceptions about the availability of tobacco and the ...
Hamdan Abdul-latif - - 2010
The purpose of our investigation was to evaluate the laryngeal findings and acoustic changes in hubble-bubble smokers. A total of 42 subjects with history of hubble-bubble smoking were recruited for this study. A corresponding group with a history of cigarette smoking and controls were matched. All subjects underwent laryngeal video-endostroboscopic ...
Katulanda Prasad - - 2011
: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and underlying sociodemographic correlates of smoking among Sri Lankans. : A cross-sectional sample (N = 5000, age >18 years) was selected using a multistage random cluster sampling. Data were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. : Response rate was 91% (n = 4532); ...
Tomiyama Hirofumi - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We prospectively and longitudinally determined the effects of smoking on the progression of arterial stiffening as well as the involvement of inflammation in this process. BACKGROUND: Smoking is an important avoidable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and arterial stiffness might be involved in the pathophysiology. No prospective study has ...
Brito-Mutunayagam Roshan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guideline removed stage 0 (chronic cough and sputum without airflow obstruction, GOLD-0) because of poor prognostic value. Preventative intervention may be relevant for those with chronic symptoms; therefore, we assessed the stability, morbidity, and FEV(1) decline associated with GOLD stage ...
Bridevaux P-O - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to measure age-specific prevalence of airflow obstruction in Switzerland in smokers and never-smokers using pulmonary function tests and respiratory symptoms from 6,126 subjects participating in the Swiss Cohort Study on Air Pollution and Lung Diseases in Adults. The lower limit of normal of ...
Dietz Noella A - - 2010
We examined the association of the termination of a successful youth-targeted antitobacco media campaign ("truth") and changes in smoking rates among youths aged 12-17 years in Florida. Six telephone-based surveys were completed during the active media campaign (1998-2001), and 2 postcampaign surveys were completed in 2004 and 2006 (each n ...
Tang Hao - - 2010
The California Tobacco Control Program (CTCP) has employed strategies to change social norms around smoking in order to decrease the prevalence of smoking and tobacco-related diseases. Research is scarce on CTCP's impact on overall smoking cessation in California. Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS) data from 1992-1993 ...
Jit Mark - - 2010
School-based smoking prevention programmes may delay the age of smoking initiation, but do not appear to achieve lasting reductions in smoking prevalence beyond school-leaving age. We explored whether delaying the age at which someone initiates smoking may have life-time benefits by increasing the likelihood of quitting in later life. Data ...
Schoenborn Charlotte A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This report presents selected prevalence estimates for key indicators of alcohol use, cigarette smoking, leisure-time physical activity, body weight status, and sleep among U.S. adults, using data from the 2005-2007 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The NHIS is conducted annually by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National ...
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