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Hall Jill J Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, - - 2014
Complex wounds (superficial, partial or full thickness skin loss wounds healing by secondary intention) are common however there is a lack of high quality, contemporary epidemiological data. This paper presents point prevalence estimates for complex wounds overall as well as for individual types. A multi-service, cross-sectional survey was undertaken across ...
Ahamed M I Niyas MI Bio-products Laboratory, Central Leather Research Institute, Adyar, Chennai. 600 020. Electronic address: - - 2014
Biomaterials are used in regenerative medicine, implantable materials, controlled release carriers or scaffolds for tissue engineering. In the present study, the composites containing regenerated cellulose (RC) and chitosan (Ch) impregnated with silver nanoparticles (AgNP) with and without antibiotic gentamicin (G) were prepared. The composites prepared were characterized for their physico-chemical ...
Ylijoki-Sørensen Seija S Department of Forensic Medicine, Aarhus University, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
National differences in the legislation on cause and manner of death investigation are reflected in a high autopsy rate in suicides in Finland and a low corresponding rate in Denmark. The consequences for mortality statistics of these different investigation practices on deaths classified as suicides in Denmark and Finland, respectively, ...
Clouston Sean A P - - 2014
We aimed to examine the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and suicide associated with the introduction and diffusion of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Negative binomial regression was used to estimate county-level suicide rates among persons aged 25 years or older using death certificate data collated by the National Center ...
van de Goot Franklin R W FR Netherlands Forensic Institute (NFI), The Hague, The Netherlands; Department of Pathology, VU University Medical Centre, 1007 HV Amsterdam, The - - 2014
In forensic autopsies it is important to determine the age of early vital skin wounds as accurate as possible. In addition to inflammation, coagulation is also induced in vital wounds. Analysis of blood coagulation markers in wound hemorrhage could therefore be an important additional discriminating factor in wound age determination. ...
Shelef Assaf - - 2014
The rate of completed suicide among the elderly continues to be the highest of any age group worldwide. The aim of the present study was to investigate the sociodemographic data, mental and physical health characteristics, and suicide methods of the elderly population who completed suicide in Israel. A national retrospective ...
Vilahur Nadia N Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), C/ Doctor Aiguader, 83. 08003 Barcelona, Spain; Hospital del Mar Research Institute (IMIM), Barcelona, Spain; CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain; Genomics and Disease Group, Bioinformatics and Genomics Program, Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG), Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To date, no epidemiological studies have explored the impact and persistence of in utero exposure to mixtures of xenoestrogens on the developing brain. We aimed to assess whether the cumulative effect of xenoestrogens in the placenta is associated with altered infant neuropsychological functioning at two and at four years of ...
Wood David L DL Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine-Jacksonville, University of Florida, Jacksonville, Fla; Center for Health Equity and Quality Research, University of Florida, Jacksonville, Fla. Electronic address: - - 2014
National consensus statements recommend that providers regularly assess the transition readiness skills of adolescent and young adults (AYA). In 2010 we developed a 29-item version of Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire (TRAQ). We reevaluated item performance and factor structure, and reassessed the TRAQ's reliability and validity. We surveyed youth from 3 ...
Kothari Mihir M Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus, Aditya Jyot Eye Hospital, Wadala, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
To ascertain the effect of digitally induced large angle strabismus and its correction on social bias against strabismic adults. This prospective, observational study included 10 orthotropic subjects whose face photographs were digitally altered to produce esotropia, exotropia, and hypertropia. Three batches of non-medical professionals, each consisting of 14 subjects, adjudged ...
Gerstein Edmund R ER Psych., Florida Atlantic Univ., 777 Glades Rd., Boca Raton, FL 33486, - - 2014
North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) produce loud, broadband, short duration sounds referred to as gunshots. The sounds have been hypothesized to function in a reproductive context, as sexual advertisement signals produced by solitary adult males to attract females and/or agonistic displays among males in surface active groups. This study ...
Lahner Matthias - - 2014
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is predominant in young male athletes, but not much is known about gait differences in cases of increased hip alpha angles. In our study, the hip alpha angle of Notzli of soccer players was quantified on the basis of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with axial oblique sequences. ...
Park Hye-Ja HJ College of Nursing, CHA University, South - - 2014
To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the 39-item Parkinson's disease questionnaire (PDQ-39). Cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to the international guidelines: forward and backward translation, focus group meeting, and a field test. With Korean consensus translation produced, validation was assessed by evaluating reliability and validity. ...
St Pie Mariusz - - 2014
The aim of this study was to estimate associations between inflammatory markers and obesity indices in normo- and hypertensive subjects. 65 obese adult subjects were divided into two groups: (A) of hypertensives (n = 54) and (B) of normotensives (n = 11). Waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ...
Cheng P-S PS Department of Dermatology, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, - - 2014
Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) was first described by Crocker in 1889. It is a rare intraepithelial malignancy which mainly affects the apocrine gland-bearing skin including the vulva, perianal region, perineum and scrotum. Increasing frequency of the disease appears with patients from 50 to 80 years of age. It occurs most ...
Coubard Olivier A OA The Neuropsychological Laboratory, CNS-Fed Paris, - - 2014
Understanding the human aging of postural control and how physical or motor activity improves balance and gait is challenging for both clinicians and researchers. Previous studies have evidenced that physical and sporting activity focusing on cardiovascular and strength conditioning help older adults develop their balance and gait and/or decrease their ...
Dos Santos Thiago Vasconcelos TV Laboratório de Leishmanioses Prof. Dr. Ralph Lainson, Instituto Evandro Chagas, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Ministério da Saúde. Rod. BR 316, Km 07 s/n. 67030-000, Levilândia, Ananindeua, PA, - - 2014
The available type material of Phlebotominae (Diptera, Psychodidae) deposited in the "Coleção de Flebotomíneos" of the Instituto Evandro Chagas (ColFleb IEC) is now presented in an annotated catalogue comprising a total of 121 type specimens belonging to 12 species as follow: Nyssomyia richardwardi (2 female paratypes), Nyssomyia shawi (9 male ...
Nombela Cristina C Clinical and Experimental Neuroscience (NiCE-CIBERNED), School of Medicine, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain; Clinical Neuroscience Department, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United - - 2014
The Stroop effect is considered as a standard attentional measure to study conflict resolution in humans. The response of the brain to conflict is supposed to change over time and it is impaired in certain pathological conditions. Neuropsychological Stroop test measures have been complemented with electroencephalography (EEG) techniques to evaluate ...
Teraishi Toshiya T Department of Mental Disorder Research, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo, - - 2014
Patients with schizophrenia are at increased risk for suicide. Various risk factors for suicide have been reported in schizophrenia; however, few studies have examined the association between personality traits and suicidal behavior. We administered the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) to 87 Japanese patients with schizophrenia (49 males; mean age 38.1±10.6 ...
Lotti F - - 2013
'Prostatitis-like symptoms' (PLS) are a cluster of bothersome conditions defined as 'perineal and/or ejaculatory pain or discomfort and National Institutes of Health-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) pain subdomain score ≥4' (Nickel's criteria). PLS may originate from the prostate or from other portions of the male genital tract. Although PLS could ...
Jack Katharine M - - 2013
Much attention has been paid to hormonal variation in relation to male dominance status and reproductive seasonality, but we know relatively little about how hormones vary across life history stages. Here we examine fecal testosterone (fT), dihydrotestosterone (fDHT), and glucocorticoid (fGC) profiles across male life history stages in wild white-faced ...
Caballero Francisco Félix - - 2013
There is a need for short, specific instruments that assess quality of life (QOL) adequately in the older adult population. The aims of the present study were to obtain evidence on the validity of the inferences that could be drawn from an instrument to measure QOL in the aging population ...
Gómez Carlos - - 2013
Objective. The aim of this study is to explore the spectral patterns of spontaneous magnetoencephalography (MEG) activity across the lifespan. Approach. Relative power (RP) in six frequency bands (delta, theta, alpha, beta-1, beta-2 and gamma) was calculated in a sample of 220 healthy subjects with ages ranging from 7 to ...
Zagrobelny Mika - - 2013
Zygaena filipendulae accumulates the cyanogenic glucosides linamarin and lotaustralin by larval sequestration from the food plant or de novo biosynthesis. We have previously demonstrated that the Z. filipendulae male transfers linamarin and lotaustralin to the female in the course of mating. In this study we report the additional transfer of ...
Capotosto Paolo - - 2013
The default mode network is active during restful wakefulness and suppressed during goal-driven behavior. We hypothesize that inhibitory interference with spontaneous ongoing, that is, not task-driven, activity in the angular gyrus (AG), one of the core regions of the default mode network, will enhance the dominant idling EEG alpha rhythms ...
Pérez-López Faustino R - - 2013
To develop a short 10 item version of the original menopause Cervantes Scale (CS) in order to assess menopausal symptoms in a large cohort of mid-aged Colombian women. Reliability of the new short tool was assessed through internal consistency determination (Cronbach's alpha values) and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) analysis. Ten ...
Mansour Soad - - 2013
The purpose was to evaluate the significance of panoramic radiomorphometric indices (mandibular cortical index [MCI], mental index [MI] and panoramic mandibular index [PMI]) as useful tools for identifying osteoporosis. One hundred healthy women aged ≥ 30 years were included. Digital panoramic images and bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar ...
Evans Mark I - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Fetal reduction (FR) in multiples dramatically improves outcomes. We prioritize FR decisions for health and historically declined to factor gender. As male preferences apparently diminished, our bioethicist encouraged a re-evaluation. METHODS: 396 patients reducing triplets or twins were categorized as: 3 → 2, 3 → 1, and 2 → 1, Major (M) anomaly or minor ...
Afonso Anoushka M - - 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To measure the parameter of job satisfaction among anesthesiologists. DESIGN: Survey instrument. SETTING: Academic anesthesiology departments in the United States. SUBJECTS: 320 anesthesiologists who attended the annual meeting of the ASA in 2009 (95% response rate). Measurements and Main Results The anonymous 50-item survey collected information on 26 ...
Maasoumi Raziyeh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction is a common condition that extremely affects reproductive health and quality of life. To assess this health condition, a valid and reliable questionnaire is required. The aim of this study was to translate and validate the Sexual Quality of Life-Female (SQOL-F) questionnaire in Iran. METHOD: Forward-backward ...
Kvestad Ingrid - - 2013
Objective and background: For large epidemiological studies in low and middle-income countries, inexpensive and easily administered developmental assessment tools are called for. This report evaluates the feasibility of the assessment tool Ages and Stages Questionnaire 3.edition (ASQ-3) "home procedure" in a field trial in 422 North Indian young children. METHODS: ...
Carsen Sasha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has been recognized as a common cause of hip pain as well as a cause of hip arthritis, yet despite this, little is known about the etiology of the cam morphology or possible risk factors associated with its development. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purposes of our study were ...
Kaburu Stefano S K - - 2013
Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are capable of extreme violence. They engage in inter-group, sometimes lethal, aggression that provides the winners with an opportunity to enlarge their territory, increase their food supply and, potentially, attract more mates. Lethal violence between adult males also occurs within groups but this is rare; to date, ...
Streit Jonathan J JJ Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. - - 2013
Femoroacetabular impingement has been proposed as a cause of early osteoarthritis, but it is not known how this develops over time or whether the shape of the proximal femur influences this risk. (1) Which areas of the acetabulum are worn more frequently by individuals with a cam deformity of the ...
Gold Andrea - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Alpha-synuclein (α-Syn) is immunohistochemically detectable in enteric neurons in some subjects. We determined its age distribution in the general autopsy population and in an age-matched subset investigated differences with Parkinson's (PD) and Alzheimer's diseases (AD). METHODS: Archival autopsy samples of colon from 95 cases (77 general population, ...
Garcés Pilar P Laboratory of Cognitive and Computational Neuroscience (UCM-UPM), Centre for Biomedical Technology Madrid, Spain ; Department of Applied Physics III, Faculty of Physics, Complutense University of Madrid Madrid, - - 2013
The neurophysiological changes associated with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) include an increase in low frequency activity, as measured with electroencephalography or magnetoencephalography (MEG). A relevant property of spectral measures is the alpha peak, which corresponds to the dominant alpha rhythm. Here we studied the spatial distribution ...
Ponomareva Natalya N Brain Research Department, Research Center of Neurology Russian Academy of Medical Science Moscow, - - 2013
Polymorphism in the genomic region harboring the CLU gene (rs11136000) has been associated with the risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). CLU C allele is assumed to confer risk for AD and the allele T may have a protective effect. We investigated the influence of the AD-associated CLU genotype on a ...
Heil K M KM Second Lieutenant KM Heil RMR, Glasgow University Medical School, Royal Marines Reserve - - 2013
The use of the alpha angle to help the diagnosis of Femoral Acetabular Impingement (FAI) is common. However, there is currently no standard value available across an asymptomatic pre-arthritic population. We present the first large cohort of Computerised Tomography (CT) based alpha angles in patients with no history of hip ...
Shukla V - - 2012
Aging, the major cause of several ailments has led to intense exploration of potential drugs that delay aging and its associated effects. We mined the information on traditional Indian medicines and identified an iridoid, 10-O-trans-p-Coumaroylcatalpol (OCC), a major ingredient of Premna integrifolia Linn. (syn: Premna serratifolia). OCC forms an important ...
Barud W - - 2012
ABSTRACT Purpose: Many studies indicate an inverse relationship between stromal-derived factor-1 alpha (SDF-1 alpha), a chemokine, and coronary risk factors. Moreover, SDF-1 alpha is crucial in neoangiogenesis and in the mobilization and homing of endothelial progenitor cells to the ischemic coronary vessels. Numerous studies indicate that circulating sex hormones are ...
Rochel-Maia Sabrina S - - 2012
The Mongolian gerbil is useful for prostate studies since both males and females spontaneously develop prostatic disorders with age. Estrogens regulate prostate homeostasis via two estrogen receptors, ER alpha (ESR1) and ER beta (ESR2) but the cellular distribution and regulation of these receptors in the gerbil prostate has not been ...
Van Gompel Jamie J - - 2012
To assess the hypothesis that use of anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) for temporal epilepsy has diminished over time. Population-based cohort study. The Rochester Epidemiology Project based in Olmsted County, Minnesota. Residents of Olmsted County. Poisson regression was used to evaluate changes in ATL use over time by sex. Over a ...
Schoof Valérie A M VA Department of Anthropology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. - - 2013
Androgens play a role in male reproductive competition, frequently via aggression, while glucocorticoids are associated with the stress response. However, the relationships of these hormones with different sources of competition (intra- vs. intergroup) and dominance status are highly variable. Here, we consider the fecal androgen (fA) and glucocorticoid (fGC) profiles ...
Honig Lawrence S - - 2012
Shortening of chromosomal telomeres is a consequence of cell division and is a biological factor related to cellular aging and potentially to more rapid organismal biological aging. To determine whether shorter telomere length (TL), as measured in human blood samples, is associated with the development of Alzheimer disease and mortality. ...
Heggeli Kristin A KA Mayo Clinic, Florida, Jacksonville, FL, - - 2012
Some researchers propose maternal Alzheimer disease (AD) inheritance. We compared dementia family histories in AD cases and cognitively normal controls. We expected more mothers to have AD in both groups. If maternal risk was not only due to female longevity, more AD cases' than controls' mothers should have dementia. We ...
Ahn Ji-Hyeon - - 2012
Alpha-synuclein (α-syn) is a presynaptic protein that is richly expressed in the central and peripheral nervous systems of mammals, and it is related to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders. In the present study, we compared the distribution of the immunoreactivity of α-syn and its related gliosis ...
Johnson Kimberly S - - 2012
To examine the characteristics of hospice enrollees with dementia who were discharged alive because their condition stabilized or improved and predictors of death in the year after discharge. Cross-sectional analysis of clinical and administrative data. For-profit hospice provider. Hospice enrollees aged 65 and older with an admission diagnosis of dementia ...
Silverman Jeremy M - - 2012
Identifying phenotypes for successful cognitive aging, intact cognition into late-old age (>age 75), can help identify genes and neurobiological systems that may lead to interventions against and prevention of late-life cognitive impairment. The association of C-reactive protein (CRP) with cognitive impairment and dementia, observed primarily in young-elderly samples, appears diminished ...
Tschanz Joann T - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: Few longitudinal studies have studied the influence of the care environment on the clinical progression of dementia. We examined whether caregiver coping strategies predict dementia progression in a population-based sample. DESIGN:: Longitudinal, prospective cohort study. SETTING:: Cache County (Utah) population. PARTICIPANTS:: A total of 226 persons with dementia, and ...
Meghana A - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize the role of autonomic nervous system dysfunction in hot water epilepsy (HWE). Heart rate variability (HRV) has been established as a good index of cardio-autonomic regulation. METHODOLOGY: Forty-five patients with HWE (age: 24.6±10.1 years; M:F=37:8) and 45 age and gender matched controls (age: 24.17±10.37 ...
Moualek Dalila - - 2012
Background/Aims: The prevalence of epilepsy in Algeria is unknown. The aims of this multicenter transversal study were to determine the national prevalence and clinical characteristics of epilepsy in the Algerian population. Methods: This two-phase study was conducted in 5 circumscriptions and included 8,046 subjects aged over 2 months who attended ...
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