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Agrawal Saurabh S Department of Dermatology, S P Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India; Department of Molecular Biology, ICMR, New Delhi, India; Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Ohio State University, Columbus, - - 2014
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in the Bikaner region situated in the Thar Desert of Rajasthan, India. This study describes clinicoepidemiological data of pediatric CL in pre-school children (0-5 years of age) from this region during 2001-2012. In total, 151 patients with 217 lesions were reported during the study period. ...
El-Domyati Moetaz M Department of Dermatology, STD's and Andrology, Al-Minya University, Al-Minya, - - 2014
Wrinkles are associated with cutaneous aging especially on sun-exposed skin. Despite they are considered a major topic in cosmetic dermatology, very few reports have studied the specific histological and immunohistochemical changes characteristic for wrinkles. The study aims to evaluate the histological and immunohistochemical changes of static forehead wrinkles in relation ...
Watt Timothy J - - 2014
Spathius galinae Belokobylskij and Strazenac (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is a recently discovered gregarious idiobiont larval ectoparasitoid currently being evaluated for biological control against the invasive emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in the United States. To aid in the development of laboratory rearing protocols, we assessed the influence of ...
Senniappan Senthil S Developmental Endocrinology Research Group, Clinical and Molecular Genetics Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, - - 2014
Background: Testicular tumours are very rare in children. Germ cell tumours (GCTs) account for the majority of testicular tumours in young people, and embryonal carcinomas are a common component of GCTs in adolescents. Case Presentation: A 9.8-year-old boy presented with the development of pubic and facial hair over a period ...
Davalos-Bichara Marcela M Department of Otolaryngology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The vestibular system plays an important role in locomotion. Individuals with vestibular pathology present with gait abnormalities, which may increase their fall frequency. Backward walking (BW) has been suggested as a predictor of falls in other patient populations; however it has not been studied in individuals with dizziness. Our aims ...
Forkel Stephanie J SJ 1 Research Department of Clinical, Educational, and Health Psychology (RDCEHP), Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, Faculty of Brain Sciences, University College London, UK2 Natbrainlab, Department of Neuroimaging, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, UK s.forkel@ucl.ac.uk - - 2014
Stroke-induced aphasia is associated with adverse effects on quality of life and the ability to return to work. For patients and clinicians the possibility of relying on valid predictors of recovery is an important asset in the clinical management of stroke-related impairment. Age, level of education, type and severity of ...
Tapp Robyn J - - 2014
We have examined the association between adiposity and cardiac structure in adulthood, using a life course approach that takes account of the contribution of adiposity in both childhood and adulthood. The Childhood Determinants of Adult Health study (CDAH) is a follow-up study of 8,498 children who participated in the 1985 ...
Rosmalen Judith G M JG University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Interdisciplinary Center Psychopathology and Emotion regulation, P.O. Box 30.001, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Function of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been associated with several somatic and psychiatric health problems. The amount of free cortisol excreted in the urine during 24h (24-h UFC) has often been used as a proxy for HPA-axis function. Reference values for 24-h UFC and their stability in the short ...
Krieger Nancy N Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Kresge 717, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated the association of individual-level ambient exposure to black carbon (spatiotemporal model-based estimate for latitude and longitude of residential address) with individual, household, and census tract socioeconomic measures among a study sample comprised of 1757 US urban working class white, black and Latino adults (age 25-64) recruited for two ...
Lee Jun Ho JH Department of Urology, National Police Hospital, Seoul, South - - 2014
There is controversy concerning the relationship between premature ejaculation (PE) and erectile dysfunction (ED), as well as the scan data regarding the association between PE and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). We performed this study to evaluate the association between PE and ED or LUTS. A total of 2,591 policemen ...
van Landingham Suzanne W - - 2014
Prior studies have shown age-related macular degeneration (AMD) to be associated with falls. The purpose of this study is to determine if age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and AMD-related vision loss are associated with fear of falling, an important and distinct outcome. Sixty-five persons with AMD with evidence of vision loss ...
García-Ortiz Luis L The Alamedilla Health Center, Castilla y León Health Service-SACYL, USAL, IBSAL, Salamanca, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aging has been associated with an increase in arterial stiffness. We analyzed the relationship between regular physical activity and cardiovascular aging evaluated by the radial augmentation index (rAIx), ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), pulse pressure (PP) and heart age in subjects without atherosclerotic disease. A cross-sectional study was performed including ...
Rossiter Holly E HE Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, UCL Institute of Neurology, 33 Queen Square, London, WC1N 3BG, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Beta oscillations are involved in movement and have previously been linked to levels of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA. We examined changes in beta oscillations during rest and movement in primary motor cortex (M1). Amplitude and frequency of beta power at rest and movement-related beta desynchronization (MRBD) were measured during a ...
Maheswaran Dharini D Faculty of Medicine, Nursing, and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Mould exposure has been linked to childhood asthma and bronchial hyper-responsiveness. Few studies have assessed beta-(1,3)-d-glucan (beta-glucan), a significant fungal cell wall constituent, in relation to asthma in adolescence. To determine whether house dust-derived beta-glucan exposure at age 7-10 is associated with the development and persistence of atopic and non-atopic ...
Casas Lidia - - 2013
Inflammation is a key factor in the pathogenesis of respiratory diseases. Early life exposure to microbial agents may have an effect on the development of the immune system and on respiratory health later in life.In the present work we aimed to evaluate the associations between early life microbial exposures, and ...
Song Jae-Jin - - 2013
Recent findings regarding differences in tinnitus-related neural activity according to onset age have raised a question on possible onset age-related differences in neural substrates of distress. Hence we collected quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) findings of 28 late-onset tinnitus (LOT) and 29 early-onset tinnitus (EOT) (mean onset age 52.3 and 29.0 years, respectively) ...
Dupuy Franca E - - 2013
This study further investigated electroencephalogram (EEG) differences between girls with the Combined and Inattentive types of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD). We selected subjects with widely separated scores on hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms to behaviorally exaggerate diagnostic group differences. Twenty girls with AD/HD Combined type, 20 girls with AD/HD Inattentive type, and 20 controls ...
Dupuy F E - - 2013
This study investigated the Hypoarousal Model of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) in girls. 40 girls with AD/HD and 40 girl controls (aged 7-12years) had an eyes-closed resting EEG recorded from 19 electrodes and Fourier transformed. Estimates for total power, absolute and relative power in the delta, theta, alpha, beta and gamma ...
Christensen Heidi M - - 2013
Low body mass index (BMI) is associated with a poor outcome in chronic heart failure (CHF). An inverse association between BMI and adiponectin and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) has been reported. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether novel markers of neurohormonal activation, inflammation, and endothelial ...
Lee Jun Ho - - 2013
To evaluate the relationship of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)/benign prostatic hyperplasia measures in middle-aged men. A total of 1400 male police officers with moderate and severe LUTS (international prostate symptoms score [IPSS] >7) and aged 40-59 years who had participated in a health examination ...
Zhao Liang - - 2013
The aim of this study was to measure retinal nerve fibre layer thickness (RNFLT) and its associated factors in a population-based setting. The population-based Beijing Eye Study 2011 included 3468 individuals. The study participants underwent spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (Spectralis(®) ; Spectralis OCT)-assisted measurement of the RNFLT. For this study, ...
Tsai Ching-Piao - - 2013
Little is known about the impact of disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) on the survival of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) throughout the world. We conducted this study to investigate the association between DMTs and the survival of patients with MS in Taiwan. A total of 1,240 individuals who had a primary ...
Menni Cristina - - 2013
Human ageing is a complex, multifactorial process and early developmental factors affect health outcomes in old age. Metabolomic profiling on fasting blood was carried out in 6055 individuals from the UK. Stepwise regression was performed to identify a panel of independent metabolites which could be used as a surrogate for ...
Lo Yu-Hui - - 2013
Many studies have used event-related potential and neural oscillations to probe the underlying neural mechanisms of inhibitory control in adults, but little has been done in typically developing preschoolers. In this study we tested healthy preschool children between the ages of 5 and 6, and observed better response inhibition in ...
Prasad Mandava - - 2013
In orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning, assessment of anteroposterior discrepancy is of importance to the orthodontist. Both angular and linear measurements have been incorporated into various cephalometric analyses to help the clinician diagnose anteroposterior discrepancies and establish the most appropriate treatment plan. Hence the present study is designed to establish ...
Hsu Wei-Hsiu - - 2013
Basal metabolic rate (BMR) reflects a combination of cardiopulmonary function and lean body mass resulting from regular physical activity. Though many studies have examined the relationships between bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition, little is known regarding the relationship between BMD and BMR. The purpose of this study was ...
Choi Jung-Seok - - 2013
Internet addiction is the inability to control one's use of the Internet and is related to impulsivity. Although a few studies have examined neurophysiological activity as individuals with Internet addiction engage in cognitive processing, no information on spontaneous EEG activity in the eyes-closed resting-state is available. We investigated resting-state EEG ...
Dupuy Franca E - - 2013
This study investigated sex differences between the EEGs of Combined and Inattentive types of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) within boys and girls aged 8-12years. Subject groups included 80AD/HD Combined type (40 boys and 40 girls), 80AD/HD Inattentive type (40 boys and 40 girls) and 80 controls (40 boys and 40 girls). ...
Curry Timothy B TB Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. - - 2013
This study was designed to determine how gastric bypass affects the sympathetically-mediated component of resting energy expenditure (REE) and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). We measured REE before and after beta-blockade in seventeen female subjects approximately three years post-gastric bypass surgery and in nineteen female obese individuals for comparison. We ...
Pfaeffli Leila - - 2013
Questionnaires are commonly used to assess physical activity in large population-based studies because of their low cost and convenience. Many self-report physical activity questionnaires have been shown to be valid and reliable measures, but they are subject to measurement errors and misreporting, often due to lengthy recall periods. Mobile phones ...
Dhurandhar Emily J - - 2013
It has been shown that caloric restriction (CR) delays aging and possibly delays the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We conjecture that the mechanism may involve interoceptive cues, rather than reduced energy intake per se. We determined that hunger alone, induced by a ghrelin agonist, reduces AD pathology and improves ...
Cheng Kai-Hung - - 2013
In addition to adipocytokines, estradiol (E2) and vitamin D have been reported to affect insulin sensitivity, glucose homeostasis and body weight. However, studies about the impact of E2 and vitamin D on metabolic syndrome (MetS) are still limited. The aim of this study is to clarify the roles of circulating ...
Wang Ya Xing - - 2013
To measure retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in a population-based setting. In the population-based Beijing Eye Study 2011 with 3468 individuals, RNFL thickness was measured in a subgroup of 1654 (47.7%) study participants by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (iVue SD-OCT). Mean RNFL thickness was significantly (P<0.001) higher in ...
Zhao Liang - - 2013
To assess the prevalence of localized retinal nerve fiber layer defects (LRNFLD) and associated factors in adult Chinese. The population-based Beijing Eye Study 2011 included 3468 individuals (mean age: 64.6±9.8 years (range: 50-93 years)). The study participants underwent a detailed ophthalmological examination including spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (Spectralis(R)-OCT) assisted measurement ...
Lu Yu - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to explore the extent of associations of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and resting heart reate (HR), and to evaluate the predictive value of MetS combined with HR on CAN in a large sample derived from a Chinese population. We conducted ...
Lampert Erika J EJ Department of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of - - 2013
A positive family history (FH) is a risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). Our aim was to examine the effects of FH on pathological and neuronal loss biomarkers across the cognitive spectrum. Cross-sectional analyses of data from a national biomarker study. The Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative national study. 257 ...
Champaneri Shivam S Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2013
Neuroendocrine abnormalities, such as activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, are associated with obesity; however, few large-scale population-based studies have examined HPA axis and markers of obesity. We examined the cross-sectional association of the cortisol awakening response (CAR) and diurnal salivary cortisol curve with obesity. The Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis ...
Rojas-García Pedro P - - 2012
The reprograming effects of prenatal testosterone (T) treatment on postnatal reproductive parameters have been studied extensively in females of several species but similar studies in males are limited. We recently found that prenatal T treatment increases Sertoli cell number and reduced spermatogenesis in adult rams. If such disruptions are manifested ...
Wei Wen Bin - - 2012
PURPOSE: To study subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) in adult Chinese subjects and its correlation with ocular biometric parameters, refractive error, and age. DESIGN: Population-based longitudinal study. PARTICIPANTS: The population-based Beijing Eye Study 2011 included 3468 individuals with a mean age of 64.6±9.8 years (range, 50-93 years). METHODS: A detailed ophthalmic ...
Sheldon Robert S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Beta-blockers have little effectiveness in preventing vasovagal syncope in unselected populations, but they might be effective in older patients. We determined whether beta-blockers prevent vasovagal syncope in an age-related fashion. METHODS AND RESULTS: -Two populations were studied. A proportional hazards analysis was performed on an observational cohort study of ...
Palit Sarmi S Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, - - 2012
Thalassemia is the name of a group of genetic, inherited disorders of the blood. More specifically, it is a disorder of the hemoglobin molecule inside the red blood cells. According to World health Organization (WHO), there are about 3% beta-thalassemia carrier and about 4% Hb E/beta-thalassemia carrier in Bangladesh. Our ...
Yu Xin - - 2012
Aging research was hindered because of the long lifespan of available vertebrates. Annual fishes of Nothobranchius have become a new model organism for aging studies. Resveratrol, a natural plant-derived chemical, prolongs lifespan in many animals. Here we used the wild strain of N. guentheri, which has the mean lifespan of ...
Chua Horng-Ruey - - 2012
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: The results showed that the MFBIA-derived TBW change has the best agreement with acute clinical volume change during hemodialysis compared to ECV or ICV change alone in ESRD patients during hemodialysis, but not good assess the nutritional status. ABSTRACT: Objective:  To determine the precision of multi-frequency ...
Templeton Danielle L - - 2012
We investigated the impact of continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) on the carotid elastic properties. Carotid artery parameters (diameter distensibility (DD), cross-sectional distensibility (CSD), diameter compliance (DC), cross-sectional compliance (CSC), and incremental elastic modulus (IEM)) were measured in a cross-sectional study using a standard ultrasound with a 10-MHz linear ...
Hoheisel Sarah M - - 2012
The increasing use of nanosilver in consumer products and the likelihood of environmental exposure warrant investigation into the toxicity of nanosilver to aquatic organisms. A series of studies were conducted comparing the potency of nanosilver to ionic silver (Ag(+) ) at acute and sublethal levels using two test organisms (Daphnia ...
Butchart Catherine - - 2012
Current demographic trends suggest that there will be increasing numbers of older people in the future. Relatively little information is available regarding factors which influence mortality in the acutely unwell oldest old. This study uses the CART technique on data relating to the oldest old, to identify potential predictors of ...
Styrke Johan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the annual incidence of acute whiplash injuries after road traffic crashes in a geographic catchment area in Northern Sweden during the period 2000-2009. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology determined by prospectively collected data from a defined population. SETTING: The study was conducted at a public hospital in Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Zhou Y J - - 2012
SUMMARY To determine the burden and distribution of acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI) in the population, a cross-sectional, monthly face-to-face survey of 10 959 residents was conducted in Jiangsu province between July 2010 and June 2011. The adjusted monthly prevalence was 4·7% with 0·63 AGI episodes/person per year. The prevalence was ...
Pillon M - - 2012
Abstract The aim of this study was to assess life goal achievements in long-term survivors (LTS) receiving cranial radiotherapy (CRT) as central nervous system (CNS) prophylaxis for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) during childhood, compared to healthy individuals. Participants in this study were 141 LTS treated in our center from 1961 ...
Brousse G - - 2012
AIMS: The physiopathology of alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) is poorly understood. Animal studies suggest an alteration in the balance of neurotransmitters gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate. The aim of this study was to obtain a better knowledge of the physiopathology of AWS, which could open new therapeutic approaches. OBJECTIVES: ...
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