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Makovicky Peter P Laboratory of Veterinary Histopathology, Komarno, Slovak - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of seven days of feed restriction (between days 42 and 49) on the morphology of the small intestine in experimental rabbit models. Sixty weaned Hyplus rabbits (35 days old) were included in the experiment and split into three groups of ...
Seol Kyeong In KI Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
It is well known that expressive language impairment is commonly less severe than receptive language impairment in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, this result is based on experiments in Western countries with Western language scales. This study tries to find whether the result above is applicable for toddlers ...
Dimitriadis Konstantin - - 2014
BackgroundLeber¿s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a mitochondrial disease that typically causes bilateral blindness in young men. Here we describe the clinical and molecular characteristics of 20 patients with disease onset after the age of 50 years (late onset-LHON).MethodsFrom a cohort of 251 affected and 277 unaffected LHON carriers, we identified ...
Holtyn August F AF Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
Stimuli paired with alcohol may evoke conditioned responses that influence consumption and relapse. Understanding extinction of conditioned responses for both alcohol and nonalcoholic reinforcers, and their relation to subsequent consumption, may be useful in identifying methods to maintain abstinence. Nine baboons self-administered alcohol (n = 4) or a nonalcoholic reinforcer (orange-flavored Tang(®) ...
Hill-Kapturczak Nathalie N Department of Psychiatry, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, - - 2014
Transdermal alcohol monitoring is a noninvasive method that continuously gathers transdermal alcohol concentrations (TAC) in real time; thus, its use is becoming increasingly more common in alcohol research. In previous studies, we developed models that use TAC data to estimate peak breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) and standard units consumed when ...
Clapp John D JD College of Social Work , The Ohio State University, Columbus, - - 2014
Substance abuse is the fastest growing health concern for older adults. Heavy drinking among older persons is associated with an increased risk of health consequences such as diabetes, cognitive impairment, sleep issues, and depression. It is important to note, however, the prevalence estimates of alcohol use among older adults are ...
Cooper Trevor G TG Tuen Mun, New Territories, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2014
Semen analysis results from over 750 fathers in the USA demonstrated marked differences in the quality of semen from men at different locations and of different ethnic groups. Another paper failed to demonstrate any effects of moderate alcohol consumption during the week before provision of an ejaculate on semen quality ...
Hwang Kun K From the *Department of Plastic Surgery, †Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea; ‡Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, United Kingdom; and §Inha Research Institute for Medical Science, Incheon, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to compare the old and ugly with the young and beautiful in Leonardo's profile drawings using soft tissue anthropometry.Thirty-one of Leonardo's profile drawings and portraits of the lateral view were collected and scanned. Among the 29, 9 young and 20 hideous old man scans ...
Long John A JA 1] School of Biological Sciences, Flinders University, 2100, Adelaide, South Australia 5001, Australia [2] Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 900 Exposition Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 9007, USA [3] Museum Victoria, PO Box 666, Melbourne, Victoria 3001, - - 2014
Reproduction in jawed vertebrates (gnathostomes) involves either external or internal fertilization. It is commonly argued that internal fertilization can evolve from external, but not the reverse. Male copulatory claspers are present in certain placoderms, fossil jawed vertebrates retrieved as a paraphyletic segment of the gnathostome stem group in recent studies. ...
Behinaein Sepideh S McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S4L8, Canada. - - 2014
A (109)Cd K X-ray fluorescence (KXRF) measurement system consisting of four detectors in clover-leaf geometry is a non-invasive, low-radiation-dose method of measuring bone lead concentration. Its high precision in estimating the bone lead content makes it a promising tool for the determination of the low levels of lead currently found ...
Shirai Kyoko K *Department of Otolaryngology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A.; †Department of Otolaryngology, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan; and ‡Paparella Ear Head and Neck Institute, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2014
To compare the differences in the epitympanic bony volume and the area of the tympanic isthmus (TI) in human temporal bones (HTBs) with chronic otitis media (COM) having epitympanic involvement and those without COM. TI is crucial for mastoid and epitympanic ventilation. Previous studies demonstrated that the area of TI ...
Little Steven G SG Walden University, Minneapolis, MN, USA - - 2014
The present study sought to evaluate the efficacy of group contingency procedures via meta-analysis. A total of 182 studies published between 1980 and 2010 were identified via PsychInfo that included group contingency as a keyword. Studies that met inclusion criteria (e.g., single-subject design, school-aged children; N = 50), were coded ...
Estefan Juliany L JL Juliany L Estefan, Eliane D Abad, Simone B Saintive, Pediatric Dermatology Service, Martagão Gesteira Pediatric Institute, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21941-901, - - 2014
To describe human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles in individuals with Down syndrome and alopecia areata. A cross-sectional study was conducted, which evaluated 109 individuals. Ten with down syndrome (DS) and alopecia areata (AA), ten with DS without AA and ten with AA without DS, and their families. The individuals were ...
Jayasekara Harindra H Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3010, - - 2014
Conventionally, cohort studies have assessed the association between alcohol and all-cause mortality by using alcohol intake at enrolment. In the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study, participants were asked about usual frequency and quantity of beverage-specific alcohol intake for 10-year periods starting at age 20 from which current, past and lifetime intakes ...
Bondevik Olav O *Department of Orthodontics, University of Oslo, Faculty of Dentistry, Oslo, - - 2014
Summary OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether individuals with high and low mandibular plane angles, respectively, have different patterns of long-term dental arch changes in adulthood. The material comprised 16 low-angle (≤ 24.4 degree) and 10 high-angle individuals (≥38.7 degree). Mean age was 22.7 years when the first recordings were made (T1), ...
Slugocki Christopher C Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, L8S4L8, - - 2014
In human neonates, orienting behavior in response to an off-midline sound source disappears around the first postnatal month, only to re-emerge at ~4 months. To date, it is unclear whether sound localization processes continue to operate between postnatal months 1 and 3. Here, we used an event-related potential, reflecting change detection ...
Lubman Dan I DI Turning Point, Eastern Health, Victoria; Eastern Health Clinical School, Monash University, - - 2014
Objective: To investigate alcohol consumption, substance use and risky and harmful behaviour among young people attending 'schoolies' week in Victoria. Methods: Breathalyser tests and brief surveys (n=558) measuring alcohol, energy drink and illicit drug use, and experience of aggressive incidents, alcohol-related injury and unprotected sex, were undertaken with young people ...
Nadkarni Neelesh K NK Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Department of Medicine. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess whether the volume of callosal hyperintensities in the genu and splenium of older adults with mobility impairment are differentially associated with degree of gain in gait speed following two types of gait interventions. Single-blind randomized control trial of two types of gait exercises in older adults. Research center ...
Suzuki Ryo R Department of General Medicine and Primary Care, Tokyo Medical University Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan; Division of Rehabilitation for Speech and Swallowing Disorders, Nippon Dental University Tama Oral Rehabilitation Clinic, Hiroshima, - - 2014
The present study examined the relationship between oral function, such as eating/swallowing, and life prognosis among a homebound elderly population, considering physical and mental function. The participants were 511 homebound older adults aged 65 years or older living in four Japanese prefectures. Sex, age, activities of daily living (ADL), cognitive ...
Black Heather H School of Health Sciences, Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh EH21 6UU, - - 2014
To compare characteristics of heavy drinkers who do, or do not, drink white cider during their typical drinking week and to contrast white cider drinkers' behaviour with a similar group recruited in comparable settings 4 years previously. To consider if excessive white cider consumption poses a specific health risk. Cross-sectional ...
Boccio Eric E Department of Emergency Medicine, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
Certain patient populations may be unable to communicate their needs in the emergency department (ED) setting, and the ability to communicate varies between age groups. We aim to determine if there are differences in pain management of acute long-bone fracture (ALBF) among age groups presenting to the ED. This study ...
Corbett Andrew I AI a Private practice, Ukiah, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the periodontal health of maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth retained with two types of fixed retainers. Materials and Methods: A fixed straight retainer (SR) group had 39 subjects, and a fixed wave retainer (WR) group had 35 subjects. Subjects were between the ages of 13 and ...
Sabeti V V Faculty of Physical education and sport science-- Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran - - - 2014
Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS), commonly known as ''shin splints,'' is a frequent injury of the lower extremity and one of the most common causes of exertional leg pain in athletes. The aim of this study was to study the relationship between Shin splints, anthropometric characteristics and some indicators of ...
Bukman Andrea J - - 2014
Individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) are generally less well reached through lifestyle interventions than individuals with higher SES. The aim of this study was to identify opportunities for adapting lifestyle interventions in such a way that they are more appealing for individuals with low SES. To this end, the ...
Emond Jennifer A JA Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the association between energy drink use and hazardous alcohol use among a national sample of adolescents and young adults. Cross-sectional analysis of 3342 youth aged 15-23 years recruited for a national survey about media and alcohol use. Energy drink use was defined as recent use or ever mixed-use with ...
Schomerus Georg G Department of Psychiatry, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, - - 2014
Background: Alcohol dependence is among the most severely stigmatized mental disorders. We examine whether negative stereotypes and illness beliefs related to alcohol dependence have changed between 1990 and 2011. Methods: We used data from two population surveys with identical methodology that were conducted among German citizens aged ≥18 years, living ...
Zengin M O MO Department of Ophthalmology, Izmir University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, - - 2014
Background and aimsWe aimed to evaluate the association of subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) with age and to determine its relationship with axial length (AL) and ocular biometric parameters, in children and young adults during growth period.MethodsOne hundred and sixty patients (80 male, 80 female) aged between 4 and 23 years ...
Nasrollahi S S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fatemieh Hospital, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences , - - 2014
A cross-sectional study was conducted in a university hospital, enrolling 40 patients with pre-eclampsia (case group) and 40 healthy normotensive pregnant women (control group). Plasma activity of antioxidants and some adhesion molecules involved in oxidative stress were measured and compared between the two groups, according to the patients' age. In ...
Thomas Andrew - - 2014
BackgroundToday there are more than 2 billion alcohol users and about 1.3 billion tobacco users worldwide. The chronic and heavy use of these two substances is at the heart of numerous diseases and may wreak havoc on the human oral microbiome. This study delves into the changes that alcohol and ...
Nascimento Alexandre T A AT Graduate Program in Ecology, Conservation and Wildlife Management, Institute of Biological Sciences, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, - - 2014
We report on (i) new group formation, (ii) sex differences in dispersal and (iii) dispersal distance over 6 years for 3 social groups of the black-faced lion tamarin (Leontopithecus caissara) in the vicinity of Ariri, São Paulo state, Brazil. The groups were: Bina (monitored for 74 months), BM5 (52 months) ...
Buijs S S 1Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO),Animal Sciences Unit,Scheldeweg - - 2014
The most common housing system for reproduction rabbits, individual cage housing on a wire floor, is increasingly scrutinized because of its potential detrimental impact on animal welfare. We compared three types of housing: (1) individual cage housing on a wire floor (3952 cm2/doe, maximum roof height 63 cm, one 1000 ...
Li Zhijian Z Department of Ophthalmology, First Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University , China - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To investigate alcohol drinking status and the association between drinking patterns and visual impairment in an adult population in northern China. Methods: Cluster sampling was used to select samples. The protocol consisted of an interview, pilot study, visual acuity (VA) testing and a clinical examination. Visual impairment was ...
Pruitt Jonathan N JN Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, - - 2014
Group selection may be defined as selection caused by the differential extinction or proliferation of groups. The socially polymorphic spider Anelosimus studiosus exhibits a behavioural polymorphism in which females exhibit either a 'docile' or 'aggressive' behavioural phenotype. Natural colonies are composed of a mixture of related docile and aggressive individuals, ...
Moriya Saori S Department of Neurology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) promote atherosclerosis through binding to their receptor, RAGE. Since soluble RAGE (sRAGE) and endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE) may suppress AGEs-RAGE signaling, we examined the usefulness of sRAGE and esRAGE as biomarkers of early-stage atherosclerosis. Serum sRAGE and esRAGE levels were measured in 284 subjects with ...
Danoudis Mary - - 2014
BackgroundThe progressive deterioration of gait in Huntington¿s disease (HD) leads to functional decline and loss of function. To understand the underlying mechanisms responsible for the gait changes in HD, we examined the automatic control of gait by measuring the relationship between stride length and cadence. The relationship is strongly linked ...
Lebigre Christophe C Catholic University of Louvain, Earth and Life Institute, Croix du Sud 4, B-1348, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium; Centre of Excellence in Evolutionary Research, University of Jyväskylä, Department of Biological and Environmental Science, P. O. Box 35, 40014, - - 2014
In group living species, individuals may gain the indirect fitness benefits characterising kin selection when groups contain close relatives. However, tests of kin selection have primarily focused on cooperatively breeding and eusocial species, whereas its importance in other forms of group living remains to be fully understood. Lekking is a ...
Wang Chin-Man CM Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, - - 2014
Previous studies have shown that the process of swallowing changes with aging, a phenomenon known as presbyphagia. These subtle and subclinical age-related changes make older adults more vulnerable to dysphagia during disease insults. However, there are limited studies of the swallowing process in older adults, because measurements are typically invasive ...
Brook Judith S JS a Department of Psychiatry , New York University School of Medicine , New York , NY , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Although the "stage theory" suggests that marijuana use occurs after the initiation of tobacco smoking, substantial evidence exists that they often occur concurrently, and that the use of marijuana may influence the use of tobacco. Methods: This study uses trajectory analysis to examine the relationship between marijuana use ...
Brier Matthew R MR From the Program in Neuroscience, Division of Biological and Biomedical Science (M.R.B.), and Departments of Neurology (J.B.T., A.Z.S., L.W., A.M.F., J.C.M., B.M.A.) and Radiology (A.Z.S., T.B., B.M.A.), School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis; and Hope Center for Neurological Disorders (A.M.F., T.B., B.M.A.), Knight Alzheimer's Disease Research Center (A.M.F., T.B., J.C.M., B.M.A.), and Department of Biomedical Engineering (B.M.A.), Washington University in St. Louis, MO. - - 2014
To determine whether, and to what degree, preclinical Alzheimer disease (AD) confounds studies of healthy aging where "healthy" is based on cognitive normality alone. We examined the effects of preclinical AD in cognitively normal older individuals using resting-state functional connectivity MRI. We investigated 2 groups of cognitively normal participants: one ...
Albery Ian P IP Department of Psychology, London South Bank University, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to examine whether habit predicts in-the-moment behavioural intention (amount of alcohol poured) and behavioural enactment (amount and proportion of alcohol consumed) controlling for craving and positive alcohol expectancies. Forty-six college students, who defined themselves as social drinkers, were tested individually in a laboratory setting. ...
Hrivatakis Georg G Outpatient clinic for Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery, Stuttgart, Outpatient clinic for surgery, Reutlingen, Department of Pediatric Surgery and Pediatric Urology, Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, Outpatient clinic for Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery,, Stuttgart, Outpatient clinic for Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery, Ulm, Lorettoklinik, Pediatric Surgery, Tübingen, Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery, Olga Hospital, - - 2014
n Germany, it is recommended that the surgical treatment of an undescended testis should be carried out between the ages of 6 months and 1 year to lower the risks of subfertility and testicular carcinoma. Although this recommendation has appeared in the German guidelines from 2007 onward, orchidopexy is still ...
Komárková M M Department of Ethology, Institute of Animal Science, Přátelství 815, Prague-Uhříněves, Czech Republic, 104 00 - - 2014
We present a study focused on those factors influencing dominance position in young horses, with emphasis on the role of the mother. Horses, as other group-living polygynous mammals, form stable linear dominance hierarchies based on agonistic interactions. Higher dominance positions are believed to be connected, in both sexes, to better ...
Morean Meghan E ME Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Quickly progressing from initiating alcohol use to drinking to intoxication recently was identified as a novel risk factor for hazardous drinking in college students (ME Morean et al. [2012] Alcohol Clin Exp Res, 36, 1991-1999). The current study evaluated the risk associated with age of onset (AO) and delay to first ...
Yegin Z A ZA Department of Hematology, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Beşevler, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is considered as a proinflammatory and prothrombotic state with atherogenic risk factors including dyslipidemia, obesity and glucose intolerance. Oxidative stress is a unifying basis of several disorders including diabetes mellitus (DM) and MetS. We therefore designed this cross-sectional study to investigate the potential interaction among iron metabolism, ...
Kocabay Gonenc G Cardiology Department, Kartal Kosuyolu Heart and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Although the effects of chronic alcoholism on left ventricular (LV) systolic function are well established, diastolic impairment has been evaluated partially. In addition, there are scarce data available about the relation of LV diastolic function to either or both duration and quantity of drinking among alcoholics. The aim of the ...
Mizutani S S Department of Preventive Dentistry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, - - 2014
Various studies have reported the relationship between alcohol consumption and gingival condition. However, they focus on the direct effects of alcohol consumption or alcohol sensitivity on gingival condition, and it is unclear how oral health behaviors relate these relationships. The aims of this study were to assess the inter-relationships between ...
Leman Patrick J PJ Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of - - 2014
Do children derive different benefits from group collaboration at different ages? In the present study, 183 children from two age groups (8.8  and 13.4 years) took part in a class quiz as members of a group, or individually. In some groups, cohesiveness was made salient by awarding prizes to the top ...
Sanchez Mariana - - 2014
The escalation of alcohol use among some Latino immigrant groups as their time in the United States increases has been well documented. Yet, little is known about the alcohol use behaviors of Latino immigrants before immigration. This prospective longitudinal study examines pre- to postimmigration alcohol use trajectories among a cohort ...
Arici Ceyhun C *MD Department of Ophthalmology, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey (CA); Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey (AT, MK); and Department of Ophthalmology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey - - 2014
To investigate the effects of topical cyclopentolate on ocular biometry parameters in healthy young adults. Ocular biometry measurements were performed twice with 45-minute intervals by use of the IOLMaster. Effects of topical application of 1% cyclopentolate were examined in 25 eyes from 25 young adults (group 1) before and after ...
Annavi G G Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, Recanati-Kaplan Centre, University of Oxford, Tubney, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK; NERC Biomolecular Analysis Facility, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK; Biology Department, Faculty of Science, University of Putra Malaysia, Selangor Darul Ehsan, - - 2014
Extra-group paternity (EGP) occurs commonly among group-living mammals and plays an important role in mating systems and the dynamics of sexual selection; however, socio-ecological and genetic correlates of EGP have been underexplored. We use 23 years of demographic and genetic data from a high-density European badger (Meles meles) population, to investigate ...
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