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Alshahrani Saad - - 2014
The effect of paternal age on semen quality is controversial. In this retrospective study, the aim was to investigate the effects of advancing age on sperm parameters including reactive oxygen species (ROS), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and sperm DNA damage in infertile men. We also examined whether paternal age >40y ...
Jonas Jost B JB Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty Mannheim of the Ruprecht-Karls-University, Heidelberg, - - 2014
To examine choroidal thickness in open-angle glaucoma. The hospital-based case series study included a study group with patients with open-angle glaucoma and a control group. Choroidal thickness was measured by enhanced depth imaging by spectral domain optical coherence tomography. The study group included 39 patients (71 eyes) and the control ...
Nuevo Roberto R Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Red Temática de Investigación Cooperativa en Envejecimiento y Fragilidad, RETICEF, Madrid, - - 2014
Background/Aims: Alcohol-related problems are relevant in the elderly, particularly in developed countries, but there is a lack of cross-country comparisons. The present work aims to examine the frequency and patterns of alcohol consumption in older adults across different European countries, and to analyze the relationship between socioeconomic status and gender ...
Eom Ki-Seong KS Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic Blood and Marrow Transplantation Center, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
We analyzed the outcome of stem cell transplantation (SCT) for 59 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with t(8;21). The 5-year overall and disease-free survival (OS and DFS) were 70.2 and 68.4%, respectively. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and nonrelapse mortality were 16.9 and 13.6%, respectively. OS and DFS ...
Park Ji Su JS From the Department of Occupational Therapy, Graduate School, Inje University, Gyeongnam (JSP); Department of Occupational Therapy, Graduate School, Daegu University, Gyeongbuk (S-JY); and Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, School of Medicine (JYK, JHL), and Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine (SGY), Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to identify differences in orofacial muscle strength according to age and sex in healthy East Asian adults. A total of 382 subjects participated in this study (age range, 20-93 yrs). They were divided into two groups according to sex (male, n = 192; female, ...
Kuroiwa Yumi Y Department of Public Health, Kochi Medical School, Nankoku, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to clarify the longitudinal association between brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and the onset of impairment in activities of daily living (ADL) among community-dwelling individuals. Deaths and the onsets of ADL impairment during 3 years were followed for 450 individuals without ADL impairment ...
Byrnes Joshua J Centre for Applied Health Economics, Griffith University, Logan Campus L03 2.15, Meadowbrook, QLD, 4131, Australia, - - 2014
To determine if taxation policies that increase the price of alcohol differentially reduce alcohol consumption for heavy drinkers in Australia. A two-part demand model for alcohol consumption is used to determine the price elasticity of alcohol. Quantile regression is used to determine the price elasticity estimates for various levels of ...
Etebary S S Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences , Yazd , - - 2014
It is well known that with increasing age, fertility potential decreases in women. Since some of the women who undergo assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatments are very young patients or young donors, fecundity investigation seems necessary in this group. Data from patients who underwent in vitro fertilisation/intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) ...
Hedengran Anne A Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Niels Andersensvej 65, 2900, Hellerup, Denmark, - - 2014
To date, treatment of hypertriglyceridemia with long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) has been investigated solely in fasting and postprandial subjects. However, non-fasting triacylglycerols are more strongly associated with risk of cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of long-chain n-3 PUFA on non-fasting ...
Barry Adam E AE Department of Health & Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA - - 2014
With the proliferation of the Internet and online social media use, alcohol advertisers are now marketing their products through social media sites such as YouTube, Facebook and Twitter. As a result, new recommendations have been made by the Federal Trade Commission concerning the self-regulation of digital marketing strategies, including content ...
Susin C C Department of Periodontics and Oral Biology, College of Dental Medicine, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, GA, - - 2014
An association between alcohol consumption and periodontitis has been suggested in the literature, but the evidence is still unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between alcohol consumption and periodontitis in a probability sample of adults from south Brazil. This analysis included 1115 subjects aged ...
Fox Mark C - - 2014
Relatively high vocabulary scores of older adults are generally interpreted as evidence that older adults possess more of a common ability than younger adults. Yet, this interpretation rests on empirical assumptions about the uniformity of item-response functions between groups. In this article, we test item response models of differential responding ...
Campbell Stuart A SA Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14853, USA, - - 2014
Gregarious feeding is a common feature of herbivorous insects and can range from beneficial (e.g. dilution of predation risk) to costly (e.g. competition). Group age structure should influence these costs and benefits, particularly when old and young larvae differ in their feeding mode or apparency to predators. We investigated the ...
Suchotzki Kristina K Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium - - 2014
Despite the widespread belief that alcohol makes the truth come out more easily, we know very little on how alcohol impacts deception. Given that alcohol impairs response inhibition, and that response inhibition may be critically involved in deception, we expected that alcohol intake would hamper lying. In total, 104 volunteers ...
Suh Beomseok B Department of Family Medicine & Health Promotion Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Previous studies on the association of alcohol consumption with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) have been inconsistent, and none took into account the dynamic nature of LUTS, fluctuating over time. The purpose of the study was to determine the longitudinal association of alcohol consumption with LUTS. We used generalized estimating ...
Pulerwitz Julie J At the time of the study, Julie Pulerwitz and Lindsay Hughes were with the HIV/AIDS & TB Global Program, PATH, Washington, DC. Manisha Mehta was with EngenderHealth, New York, NY. Aklilu Kidanu was with the Miz-Hasab Research Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Fabio Verani was with Promundo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Samuel Tewolde was with Hiwot Ethiopia, Addis - - 2014
Objectives. We assessed the effects of a community-based project in Ethiopia that worked with young men to promote gender-equitable norms and reductions in intimate partner violence (IPV). Methods. A quasi-experimental design was used to assign young Ethiopian men 15 to 24 years of age (809 participants were surveyed at baseline ...
Liu Kathy K Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Evansville, - - 2014
Context :  Lateral ankle sprains are among the most common injuries in sport, with the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) most susceptible to damage. Although we understand that after a sprain, scar tissue forms within the ligament, little is known about the morphologic changes in a ligament after injury. Objective :  ...
Kart C C Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Medicine , Trabzon , - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of amniotic fluid lamellar body count (LBC) on the timing of elective caesarean delivery (CS) at ≥ 39 weeks. After allocating the study group (group I, transient tachypnoea of newborn (TTN), n = 14), an age-matched control group (group II, ...
Rumpf Michael C MC National Sports Medicine Programme - Excellence in Football Project, Aspetar - Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, - - 2014
Sprinting is an important physical capacity and the development of sprint ability can take place throughout the athlete's growth. The purpose of this study therefore was to determine if the kinematics and kinetics associated with maximum sprint velocity differs in male youth participants of different maturity status (pre-, mid- and ...
Kitajima Hiroyuki H Department of Neonatal Medicine, Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child - - 2014
Methods to improve the mental development of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) children are currently lacking. We assessed the effects of long-term supplementation of alpha-Tocopherol on the neurological development of 259 school-aged ELBW children. ELBW participants were divided into three groups: group A with no alpha-Tocopherol supplementation (n=121); group B ...
Martin Averria Sirkin AS Stein Institute for Research on Aging,University of California,San Diego,La - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: The aim of this research was to compare associations of self-perceived successful aging (SPSA) among Young-Old (Y-O; age 50-74 years) versus Old-Old (O-O; 75-99 years) community-dwelling adults. To our knowledge, this is the first study to compare respondents' self-perceptions of successful aging among O-O relative to Y-O adults. ...
Motani Ryosuke R Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, - - 2014
The incompleteness of the fossil record obscures the origin of many of the more derived clades of vertebrates. One such group is the Ichthyopterygia, a clade of obligatory marine reptiles that appeared in the Early Triassic epoch, without any known intermediates. Here we describe a basal ichthyosauriform from the upper ...
Di Carlo Costantino C Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Naples , Naples , - - 2014
Abstract This is an observational study on 102 women aged 25-45 years to evaluate if the E2V/DNG pill has any impact on quality of life (QoL) and sexual function (FSF). Thirty-nine women were younger than 35 years (group A), and 63 women were 35 years old or older (group B). ...
Jankowski J J Faculty of Animal Bioengineering, Department of Poultry Science, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, ul. Oczapowskiego 5, Olsztyn 10-719, - - 2014
Effects of increased stocking density and heat stress on growth, feed conversion, carcase characteristics and skeletal system properties in turkeys were determined. One-day-old males (n=1674) were divided into two weight-matched groups exposed to different environmental conditions. Controls were reared at a stocking density of 2.8 birds/m(2) and at thermo-neutral temperature ...
Dervişoğulları Mehmet Serdar MS Department of Ophthalmology, Medical School, Turgut Özal University , Ankara , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study is to show the effects of smoking on retina layers, especially retina nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer complex (GCIPL). Materials and methods: Participants smoking for more than 10 years at least 1 pack of cigarettes a day and a ...
D'Amico Elizabeth J - - 2014
Objective: Little is known about what may distinguish effective and ineffective group interventions. Group motivational interviewing (MI) is a promising intervention for adolescent alcohol and other drug use; however, the mechanisms of change for group MI are unknown. One potential mechanism is change talk, which is client speech arguing for ...
Senatorov Vladimir V VV 1 Section on Brain Electrophysiology and Imaging, Laboratory of Clinical and Translational Studies National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH, Bethesda, MD, - - 2014
The insula, a structure involved in higher order representation of interoceptive states, has recently been implicated in drug craving and social stress. Here, we performed brain magnetic resonance imaging to measure volumes of the insula and amygdala, a structure with reciprocal insular connections, in 26 alcohol-dependent patients and 24 healthy ...
Makovicky Peter P Laboratory of Veterinary Histopathology, Komarno, Slovak - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of seven days of feed restriction (between days 42 and 49) on the morphology of the small intestine in experimental rabbit models. Sixty weaned Hyplus rabbits (35 days old) were included in the experiment and split into three groups of ...
Kushnir Vladyslav V Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. It has been well established that college students engage in heavy drinking during specific social events; however, within the general population, evidence of event-specific drinking has been largely indirect. The present study therefore aimed to investigate the temporal variability in daily alcohol consumption in the winter holiday months among ...
Seol Kyeong In KI Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
It is well known that expressive language impairment is commonly less severe than receptive language impairment in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, this result is based on experiments in Western countries with Western language scales. This study tries to find whether the result above is applicable for toddlers ...
Funderburk Jennifer S JS Center for Integrated Healthcare, Syracuse VA Medical Center, 800 Irving Avenue (116C), Syracuse, NY - - 2014
There is little known regarding the typical trajectory of alcohol use following a positive screen for hazardous alcohol use. This information would help primary care providers as they attempt to determine the best use of patient visits that might include brief alcohol interventions versus other competing medical demands. This longitudinal ...
Khan Muhammad Jaffar MJ Section of Human Nutrition (University of Glasgow), Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, - - 2014
Objective: We investigated the relationship of body mass index at presentation and pituitary status with long-term changes in BMI over a period of 5 years. Study Design: Craniopharyngioma patients (n = 25) attending a tertiary pediatric endocrine center were divided into three groups based on their BMI at presentation [BMI ...
Miranda Robert R Jr Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University, Providence, RI, - - 2014
Topiramate reduces drinking, but little is known about the mechanisms that precipitate this effect. This double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study assessed the putative mechanisms by which topiramate reduces alcohol use among 96 adult non-treatment-seeking heavy drinkers in a laboratory-based alcohol cue reactivity assessment and in the natural environment using ecological momentary ...
Csermely Gyula G RMC Fetal Medicine Center, Budapest, Hungary, Budapest, - - 2014
Maternal age effect is well-known in the origin of numerical chromosomal aberrations and some isolated congenital abnormalities (CAs). The sex ratio (SR), i.e. number of males divided by the number of males and females together, of most CAs deviates from the SR of newborn population (0.51). The objective of this ...
Van Dyke Nicholas - - 2014
Drivers with a history of driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol self-report heightened impulsivity and display reckless driving behaviors as indicated by increased rates of vehicle crashes, moving violations, and traffic tickets. Such poor behavioral self-regulation could also increase sensitivity to the disruptive effects of alcohol on driving performance. ...
Hingsammer Andreas M AM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Balgrist, Zurich, - - 2014
Normal changes in acetabular version over the course of skeletal development have not been well characterized. Knowledge of normal version development is important because acetabular retroversion has been implicated in several pathologic hip processes. The purpose of this study was to characterize the orientation of the acetabulum by measuring (1) ...
Liu Weiwei W Public Health Research, NORC at the University of Chicago, 4350 East-west Highway, 8th Floor, Bethesda, MD, 20814, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to investigate a) longitudinal patterns of maternal postpartum alcohol use as well as its variation by maternal age at child birth and b) within maternal age groups, the association between other maternal characteristics and alcohol use patterns for the purposes of informed prevention design. ...
Wolf Tabea T a Department of Developmental Psychology, Institute of Psychology and Education , University of Ulm , Ulm , - - 2014
Current research distinguishes between self, directive and social function of autobiographical memories (AMs). To date, only few studies have investigated these functions across adulthood. The comparison of different age groups requires that the functions of AM are measured in the same way across groups (measurement invariance, MI). Additionally to the ...
Dimitriadis Konstantin - - 2014
BackgroundLeber¿s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a mitochondrial disease that typically causes bilateral blindness in young men. Here we describe the clinical and molecular characteristics of 20 patients with disease onset after the age of 50 years (late onset-LHON).MethodsFrom a cohort of 251 affected and 277 unaffected LHON carriers, we identified ...
Fujimoto Akira A Department of Rehabilitation Physical Therapy, Fukui College of Health Sciences, Fukui, - - 2014
Background: Although fall predictions using motor ability have been well reported in elderly people, there are few reports on physical cognitive ability. Objective: To examine the relationship of the results of motor function tests that include physical cognitive ability on the ability to predict falls and to determine which test ...
Holtyn August F AF Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
Stimuli paired with alcohol may evoke conditioned responses that influence consumption and relapse. Understanding extinction of conditioned responses for both alcohol and nonalcoholic reinforcers, and their relation to subsequent consumption, may be useful in identifying methods to maintain abstinence. Nine baboons self-administered alcohol (n = 4) or a nonalcoholic reinforcer (orange-flavored Tang(®) ...
Hill-Kapturczak Nathalie N Department of Psychiatry, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, - - 2014
Transdermal alcohol monitoring is a noninvasive method that continuously gathers transdermal alcohol concentrations (TAC) in real time; thus, its use is becoming increasingly more common in alcohol research. In previous studies, we developed models that use TAC data to estimate peak breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) and standard units consumed when ...
Clapp John D JD College of Social Work , The Ohio State University, Columbus, - - 2014
Substance abuse is the fastest growing health concern for older adults. Heavy drinking among older persons is associated with an increased risk of health consequences such as diabetes, cognitive impairment, sleep issues, and depression. It is important to note, however, the prevalence estimates of alcohol use among older adults are ...
Cooper Trevor G TG Tuen Mun, New Territories, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2014
Semen analysis results from over 750 fathers in the USA demonstrated marked differences in the quality of semen from men at different locations and of different ethnic groups. Another paper failed to demonstrate any effects of moderate alcohol consumption during the week before provision of an ejaculate on semen quality ...
Hwang Kun K From the *Department of Plastic Surgery, †Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea; ‡Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, United Kingdom; and §Inha Research Institute for Medical Science, Incheon, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to compare the old and ugly with the young and beautiful in Leonardo's profile drawings using soft tissue anthropometry.Thirty-one of Leonardo's profile drawings and portraits of the lateral view were collected and scanned. Among the 29, 9 young and 20 hideous old man scans ...
Suomela Emmi E Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku , Turku , - - 2014
Background and aims. Fatty liver may have different determinants in normal-weight and in obese individuals. We measured factors associated with fatty liver in 863 normal-weight (BMI < 25) and 1135 overweight/obese (BMI ≥ 25) young and middle-aged adults (45% male, age 34-49 years) in the population-based Cardiovascular Risk in Young ...
Wadd Sarah - - 2014
Older adults experience age-related physiological changes that increase sensitivity and decrease tolerance to alcohol and there are a number of age-related harms such as falls, social isolation and elder abuse, which are compounded by alcohol misuse. Despite this unique vulnerability and the fact that the number of older adults is ...
Long John A JA 1] School of Biological Sciences, Flinders University, 2100, Adelaide, South Australia 5001, Australia [2] Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 900 Exposition Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 9007, USA [3] Museum Victoria, PO Box 666, Melbourne, Victoria 3001, - - 2014
Reproduction in jawed vertebrates (gnathostomes) involves either external or internal fertilization. It is commonly argued that internal fertilization can evolve from external, but not the reverse. Male copulatory claspers are present in certain placoderms, fossil jawed vertebrates retrieved as a paraphyletic segment of the gnathostome stem group in recent studies. ...
Behinaein Sepideh S McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S4L8, Canada. - - 2014
A (109)Cd K X-ray fluorescence (KXRF) measurement system consisting of four detectors in clover-leaf geometry is a non-invasive, low-radiation-dose method of measuring bone lead concentration. Its high precision in estimating the bone lead content makes it a promising tool for the determination of the low levels of lead currently found ...
Shirai Kyoko K *Department of Otolaryngology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A.; †Department of Otolaryngology, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan; and ‡Paparella Ear Head and Neck Institute, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2014
To compare the differences in the epitympanic bony volume and the area of the tympanic isthmus (TI) in human temporal bones (HTBs) with chronic otitis media (COM) having epitympanic involvement and those without COM. TI is crucial for mastoid and epitympanic ventilation. Previous studies demonstrated that the area of TI ...
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