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Buijs S S 1Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO),Animal Sciences Unit,Scheldeweg - - 2014
The most common housing system for reproduction rabbits, individual cage housing on a wire floor, is increasingly scrutinized because of its potential detrimental impact on animal welfare. We compared three types of housing: (1) individual cage housing on a wire floor (3952 cm2/doe, maximum roof height 63 cm, one 1000 ...
Lebigre Christophe C Catholic University of Louvain, Earth and Life Institute, Croix du Sud 4, B-1348, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium; Centre of Excellence in Evolutionary Research, University of Jyväskylä, Department of Biological and Environmental Science, P. O. Box 35, 40014, - - 2014
In group living species, individuals may gain the indirect fitness benefits characterising kin selection when groups contain close relatives. However, tests of kin selection have primarily focused on cooperatively breeding and eusocial species, whereas its importance in other forms of group living remains to be fully understood. Lekking is a ...
Wang Chin-Man CM Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, - - 2014
Previous studies have shown that the process of swallowing changes with aging, a phenomenon known as presbyphagia. These subtle and subclinical age-related changes make older adults more vulnerable to dysphagia during disease insults. However, there are limited studies of the swallowing process in older adults, because measurements are typically invasive ...
Brook Judith S JS a Department of Psychiatry , New York University School of Medicine , New York , NY , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Although the "stage theory" suggests that marijuana use occurs after the initiation of tobacco smoking, substantial evidence exists that they often occur concurrently, and that the use of marijuana may influence the use of tobacco. Methods: This study uses trajectory analysis to examine the relationship between marijuana use ...
Brier Matthew R MR From the Program in Neuroscience, Division of Biological and Biomedical Science (M.R.B.), and Departments of Neurology (J.B.T., A.Z.S., L.W., A.M.F., J.C.M., B.M.A.) and Radiology (A.Z.S., T.B., B.M.A.), School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis; and Hope Center for Neurological Disorders (A.M.F., T.B., B.M.A.), Knight Alzheimer's Disease Research Center (A.M.F., T.B., J.C.M., B.M.A.), and Department of Biomedical Engineering (B.M.A.), Washington University in St. Louis, MO. - - 2014
To determine whether, and to what degree, preclinical Alzheimer disease (AD) confounds studies of healthy aging where "healthy" is based on cognitive normality alone. We examined the effects of preclinical AD in cognitively normal older individuals using resting-state functional connectivity MRI. We investigated 2 groups of cognitively normal participants: one ...
Komárková M M Department of Ethology, Institute of Animal Science, Přátelství 815, Prague-Uhříněves, Czech Republic, 104 00 - - 2014
We present a study focused on those factors influencing dominance position in young horses, with emphasis on the role of the mother. Horses, as other group-living polygynous mammals, form stable linear dominance hierarchies based on agonistic interactions. Higher dominance positions are believed to be connected, in both sexes, to better ...
Morean Meghan E ME Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Quickly progressing from initiating alcohol use to drinking to intoxication recently was identified as a novel risk factor for hazardous drinking in college students (ME Morean et al. [2012] Alcohol Clin Exp Res, 36, 1991-1999). The current study evaluated the risk associated with age of onset (AO) and delay to first ...
Yegin Z A ZA Department of Hematology, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Beşevler, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is considered as a proinflammatory and prothrombotic state with atherogenic risk factors including dyslipidemia, obesity and glucose intolerance. Oxidative stress is a unifying basis of several disorders including diabetes mellitus (DM) and MetS. We therefore designed this cross-sectional study to investigate the potential interaction among iron metabolism, ...
Kocabay Gonenc G Cardiology Department, Kartal Kosuyolu Heart and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Although the effects of chronic alcoholism on left ventricular (LV) systolic function are well established, diastolic impairment has been evaluated partially. In addition, there are scarce data available about the relation of LV diastolic function to either or both duration and quantity of drinking among alcoholics. The aim of the ...
Mizutani S S Department of Preventive Dentistry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, - - 2014
Various studies have reported the relationship between alcohol consumption and gingival condition. However, they focus on the direct effects of alcohol consumption or alcohol sensitivity on gingival condition, and it is unclear how oral health behaviors relate these relationships. The aims of this study were to assess the inter-relationships between ...
Leman Patrick J PJ Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of - - 2014
Do children derive different benefits from group collaboration at different ages? In the present study, 183 children from two age groups (8.8  and 13.4 years) took part in a class quiz as members of a group, or individually. In some groups, cohesiveness was made salient by awarding prizes to the top ...
Sanchez Mariana - - 2014
The escalation of alcohol use among some Latino immigrant groups as their time in the United States increases has been well documented. Yet, little is known about the alcohol use behaviors of Latino immigrants before immigration. This prospective longitudinal study examines pre- to postimmigration alcohol use trajectories among a cohort ...
Arici Ceyhun C *MD Department of Ophthalmology, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey (CA); Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey (AT, MK); and Department of Ophthalmology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey - - 2014
To investigate the effects of topical cyclopentolate on ocular biometry parameters in healthy young adults. Ocular biometry measurements were performed twice with 45-minute intervals by use of the IOLMaster. Effects of topical application of 1% cyclopentolate were examined in 25 eyes from 25 young adults (group 1) before and after ...
Annavi G G Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, Recanati-Kaplan Centre, University of Oxford, Tubney, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK; NERC Biomolecular Analysis Facility, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK; Biology Department, Faculty of Science, University of Putra Malaysia, Selangor Darul Ehsan, - - 2014
Extra-group paternity (EGP) occurs commonly among group-living mammals and plays an important role in mating systems and the dynamics of sexual selection; however, socio-ecological and genetic correlates of EGP have been underexplored. We use 23 years of demographic and genetic data from a high-density European badger (Meles meles) population, to investigate ...
François Clément C Lundbeck SAS, Issy-les-Moulineaux, - - 2014
Background: Alcohol consumption is one of the most important factors for disease and disability in Europe. In clinical trials, nalmefene has resulted in a significant reduction in the number of heavy-drinking days (HDDs) per month and total alcohol consumption (TAC) among alcohol-dependent patients versus placebo. Methods: A microsimulation model was ...
Lee Yu-Ji YJ Department of Medicine, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, - - 2014
The association between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has recently been reported in several cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. We investigated SUA as a biomarker to predict future development of MetS in healthy Korean men without diabetes or hypertension and determined the optimal cut-off levels of SUA. ...
Veverka Tomáš T Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University and University Hospital, Olomouc, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
Our aim was to use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to compare brain activation changes due to botulinum toxin A (BoNT) application between two chronic stroke patient groups with different degree of weakness treated for upper limb spasticity. Fourteen ischemic stroke patients with hand weakness and spasticity were studied. Spasticity ...
Molloy Lauren E - - 2014
Prospective longitudinal data from over 14,000 youth residing in 28 communities in the rural United States were analyzed to examine the emergence of mixed-sex friendship groups in early adolescence. Youth were surveyed on 5 occasions between fall of 6th grade and spring of 9th grade. At each assessment, youth reported ...
Conroy David E - - 2014
Objective: In contrast to proposals that physical activity (PA) can be a substitute for alcohol use, people who engage in greater overall PA generally consume more alcohol on average than less-active peers. Acknowledging that both PA and alcohol use vary considerably from day-to-day, this study evaluated whether established associations reflect ...
Pennay Amy A Centre for Health Equity, Melbourne School of Global and Population Health, University of Melbourne & Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, Turning Point, Eastern Health, Melbourne, - - 2014
We tested whether patrons of the night-economy who had co-consumed energy drinks or illicit stimulants with alcohol had higher blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels than patrons who had consumed only alcohol. Street intercept surveys (n=4227) were undertaken between 9pm-5am over a period of seven months. Interviews were undertaken with patrons ...
Till Kevin K Research Institute for Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, West Yorkshire, United - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the anthropometry and fitness, and change in these characteristics over time, of youth rugby league players by using maturity status to determine annual categories instead of traditional chronological annual-age grouping. One hundred and twenty one male rugby league players were assessed ...
Smith Phillip P PP Department of Surgery, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, - - 2014
The urodynamic finding of detrusor underactivity (DU) in neurologically intact unobstructed patients may relate to impaired volume sensations rather than detrusor contractile defects. We hypothesized that DU patients would demonstrate higher volumes but similar wall stress at sensation thresholds, and similar voiding contractility, compared to other groups. Chart review of ...
Zhu W-J WJ Department of Developmental and Regenerative Biology, College of Life Science and Technology, Jinan University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Our aim was to develop a new simple sperm nuclear vacuole assay (SNVA) with propidium iodide (PI) to determine the status of nuclear vacuole (NV) of individual spermatozoa. After PI staining, sperm nuclei were classified into the 14 categories according to both nuclear morphology and the status of NV. The ...
Kamei Tomoko T College of Nursing, St. Luke's International University, Tokyo, - - 2014
To evaluate the potential improvement of fall prevention awareness and home modification behaviors and to decrease indoor falls by applying a home hazard modification program (HHMP) in community-dwelling older adults followed up to 1 year in this randomized controlled trial. The present authors randomly assigned 130 older adults living in ...
Cords Marina M Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, New York; New York Consortium in Evolutionary - - 2014
Kin-biased cooperative and affiliative behavior is widespread in social mammals and is expected to increase fitness. However, despite evolutionary benefits of cooperating with relatives, demographic circumstances may influence the strength of kin bias. We studied the relationship between maternal kinship and affiliative behavior among 78 wild adult female blue monkeys ...
Schmitt Christopher A CA Center for Neurobehavioral Genetics, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, 90095; Department of Anthropology, New York University, New York, NY, - - 2014
Predation risk is thought to be a potent force influencing intragroup cohesion, and the level of risk experienced by an individual is expected to vary with both group size and spatial position within a group. Smaller-bodied and less-experienced individuals are presumed to be more vulnerable to predators, suggesting that within-group ...
Dromey Christopher - - 2014
This study investigated the effect of age on articulatory movement and stability in young, middle-aged, and older adults. It also examined the potential influence of linguistic complexity on speech motor control across utterances that differed in their length and grammatical complexity. There were 60 participants in three age groups: 20-30 ...
Iskander M - - 2014
SUMMARY Objectives : This in vitro study evaluated the effect of two matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors on the color stability of two shades of a nanofilled resin composite. Methods and Materials : A total of 60 sound human molars were used in this study. Flat dentin surfaces were obtained by ...
Katlav Alihan A Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, 14115-336, Tehran, - - 2014
The ectoparasitic mite Dorsipes caspius n. sp. (Heterostigmata: Podapolipidae) belonging to the platysmae species group collected from the beneath elytra of Pterostichus (Lyrothorax) caspius (Menetries) (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in northern Iran, is described. This is the first record of species of the platysmae group from the Middle East. Keys to adult ...
Kitsune Glenn L GL MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK, - - 2014
Elevated theta or theta/beta ratio is often reported in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but the consistency across studies and the relation to hypoarousal are increasingly questioned. Reports of elevated delta related to maturational lag and of attenuated beta activity are less well replicated. Some critical inconsistencies could relate to ...
Rosas Lisa G LG Program on Prevention Outcomes and Practices, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University, 1070 Arastradero Road, Suite 100, Palo Alto, CA, 94304, USA, - - 2014
Little is known about body mass index (BMI) patterns by nativity and length of US residence among Asian American ethnic groups. We used linear regression to examine the association of BMI with nativity and length of residence across six ethnic groups (Filipinos, Japanese, Chinese, Koreans, South Asians, and Vietnamese) using ...
Nishikubo Kaori K Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Kochi Medical School, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Swallowing function progressively deteriorates with advancing age, leading to high morbidity and mortality in the elderly population. To establish strategies for treatment of age-related swallowing disorders, the mechanisms of such disorders must be quantitatively clarified. The purpose of this paper was to elucidate the swallowing function of healthy elderly individuals ...
Yang Yan Y aState Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Vascular Biology, Department of Hypertension, Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine bLaboratory of Vascular Biology, Institute of Health Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, - - 2014
We found impaired brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was associated with the number of target organ damage (TOD) in 2007. The present study investigated whether FMD predicted TOD progression in essential hypertension. Endothelium-dependent FMD was measured in 280 adults in 2007. At the third year of examination, 199 patients (mean age ...
Albers Alison B AB 1Department of Community Health Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health , Boston, Massachusetts , - - 2014
We examined the influence of price on alcohol brand choice among underage youth. Using a national sample of 1,032 youth, ages 13-20, recruited from a national Internet panel in 2011-2012, we compared differences in mean prices between popular and unpopular brands, examined the association of price and brand popularity using ...
Taylor Paul A PA Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa; MRC/UCT Medical Imaging Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa; African Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Muizenberg, Western Cape, South - - 2014
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is known to have severe, long-term consequences for brain and behavioral development already detectable in infancy and childhood. Resulting features of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders include cognitive and behavioral effects, as well as facial anomalies and growth deficits. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and tractography were used ...
Hasselkvist Agneta A Department of Clinical Dentistry-Cariology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen , Bergen , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. The aim was to investigate the relationship between soft drink consumption, oral health and some lifestyle factors in Swedish adolescents. Materials and methods. A clinical dental examination and a questionnaire concerning lifestyle factors, including drinking habits, oral hygiene, dietary consumption, physical activity and screen-viewing habits were completed. Three ...
Wilhelm Clare J CJ Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Portland, OR 97239; Department of Psychiatry. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ethanol abuse can lead to addiction, brain damage and premature death. The cycle of alcohol addiction has been described as a composite consisting of three stages: intoxication, withdrawal and craving/abstinence. There is evidence for contributions of both genotype and sex to alcoholism, but an understanding of the biological underpinnings is ...
Sanoudaki Eirini E School of Linguistics and English Language, Bangor University, Bangor, - - 2014
A number of studies have suggested that language in individuals with Down syndrome (DS) may not be simply delayed compared with language in typically developing (TD) children, but deviant. The deviance has been detected in the comprehension of pronouns, and it has triggered proposals for the existence of a specific ...
Silva Silvana Marques E SM Coloproctology Service, University Hospital of Brasília, Brasília University, Brasília, DF, - - 2014
Colorectal cancer is a major cause of morbidity and mortality and can arise through the adenoma-carcinoma sequence. Colonoscopy is considered the method of choice for population-wide cancer screening. To assess the characteristics of endoscopically resected polyps in a consecutive series of patients who underwent colonoscopy at a university hospital and ...
Kosmidis M - - 2014
We explored driving patterns under conditions with and without driver distraction in a community sample of adults. We recruited 100 community-dwelling participants who were current drivers (65 men, healthy: n = 52, mild cognitive impairment [MCI]: n = 22, Alzheimer's disease [AD]: n = 8, Parkinson's disease [PD]: n = ...
Culnan E - - 2014
To examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI), and social cognitive measures of emotion in 8-19 year-olds. Participants from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental cohort (N = 2, 869; ages 8-19) were categorized by age (grouped in two-year increments) and BMI (normal 5th to < 85th percentile; overweight 85th to < ...
Zamzow J - - 2014
To examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI), and executive functioning in 8-19 year- olds. Participants from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental cohort (N = 2, 841; ages 8-19) were categorized by age (2 years) and BMI (i.e., normal weight [n = 1, 647], overweight [n = 510], and obese [n ...
Cook A - - 2014
Full recovery is typical among individuals with a single, uncomplicated concussion/mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Less is known about the long-term effects of multiple concussion/MTBI. This study aims to compare psychomotor speed and cognitive flexibility in patients with a history of multiple MTBI to those with a history of a ...
Chen Ke K Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Medical College Road, No.1, Yuzhong District, Chongqing 400016, - - 2014
Our study examined the effect of a ChinaYuan (CNY) 10 cash incentive on the participation rate in a face-to-face health survey among the general Chinese population. Subjects older than 15 years of age and had been living in the two selected districts for more than 6 months were selected using multistage random ...
Tabrizi Reza R From the *Oral and Dental Health Care Research Center, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz; and †Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
The effect of habitual gum chewing on temporomandibular joint function is controversial. This study evaluated the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in adolescents with and without gum chewing habits and the affiliation of TMD signs with gum chewing. This is a cross-sectional study. Subjects were studied in 2 groups. Subjects ...
Montane Jaime Lazara Karelia LK Pharmacology Unit, Department of Paraclinical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Level of response to alcohol has been associated with risk of alcohol dependence in a number of ethnic groups. In the present study, subjective and objective responses to alcohol were evaluated in Indo-Trinidadians (Indo-T) and Afro-Trinidadians (Afro-T). Associations of alcohol dehydrogenase polymorphisms with response to alcohol, using the Subjective ...
Patrick Megan E ME Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. This study examines the use of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) as a predictor of alcohol problems and alcohol-related consequences and accidents two years later in a college student sample. Longitudinal data on AmED use, alcohol consequences, and alcohol problems were collected from the fall of students' second ...
Jacobus Joanna J Veterans Affairs (VA) San Diego Healthcare System, La Jolla, California, Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Adolescent marijuana use continues to increase in prevalence as harm perception declines. Better understanding of marijuana's impact on neurodevelopment is crucial. This prospective study aimed to investigate cortical thickness and neurocognitive performance before and after 28 days of monitored abstinence in adolescent marijuana and alcohol users. Subjects (N = ...
Buu Anne A Addiction Research Center and Substance Abuse Program, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. This study aimed to (a) characterize gender-specific risk of onset of alcohol, nicotine, and marijuana use developmentally; (b) investigate the effects of early-onset status and frequency of nicotine and marijuana use on alcohol outcomes, controlling for the effects of alcohol use; and (c) examine gender differences in the developmental ...
Pereira Joice N B JN Departamento de Cirurgia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Aging is a biologic process characterized by progressive damage of structures and functions of organic systems. In gastrointestinal tract, it can involve enteric nervous system, which plays an important role in digestion and absorption of nutrients, causing hastening of intestinal transit thus reducing its absorptive function. Caloric restriction has been ...
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