Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1813
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Podstawski Robert R Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, - - 2015
ABSTRACT. This article provides information on the amount of alcohol consumed by students during college sports events. It examines the relationship between alcohol consumption and the rank of the match, sex of the players (male vs. female league), and sex of the spectators. The study was carried out during an ...
Todorović Dajana D Institute for Biological Research, University of Belgrade, 142 Despota Stefana Blvd., Belgrade, 11060, Serbia, - - 2014
As an ecological factor, a magnetic field can affect insects causing a wide range of responses. The main purpose of this study was to analyze the fitness components (postembryonic development and viability of individuals) and the antioxidant defense (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and total glutathione) in laboratory strains of Drosophila subobscura, ...
Gardner Andy A School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Dyers Brae, St Andrews, KY16 9TH, - - 2014
The theory of multi-level selection (MLS) is beset with conceptual difficulties. Whilst it is widely agreed that covariance between group trait and group fitness may arise in the natural world and drive a response to "group selection", ambiguity exists over the precise meaning of group trait and group fitness and ...
Ko Kyung Bo KB Division of Biotechnology, College of Applied Life Sciences, Jeju National University, Jeju, Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to establish the effects of weaning age and weight on pigs, and their interaction with carcass traits and meat quality. A total of 468 piglets were obtained from 57 sows and four boars and grouped by age at weaning (D21, 18-24 days; D28, 25-32 ...
Noble Natasha N 1School of Medicine and Public Health, HMRI Building, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Newcastle, - - 2014
Background: Alcohol disproportionately affects socially disadvantaged groups including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Methods to assess alcohol intake for disadvantaged communities need to be able to capture variable or episodic drinking. The ability of a seven-day diary to capture typical consumption for a predominantly Aboriginal sample has not been ...
Hadeed Khaled K Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Hospital, Toulouse, - - 2014
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited disorder characterized by recurrent painful crises with ischemia resulting from vascular occlusion. Adults with SCD have increased arterial stiffness and reduced flow-mediated dilation (FMD), due to impaired release of substances such as nitric oxide. We aimed to assess the vascular properties of carotid ...
Bercht Bernardo S BS Veterinary College, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS, Cx Postal 15004, 91540-000, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to measure cell density, average area, and morphology of corneal endothelium of chinchillas in different age groups. The corneal endothelium was studied with a contact specular microscope. Thirty chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera) were evaluated, and 30 male chinchillas were divided into three groups of 10 ...
Kopp Martin M 1Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck , Innsbruck , - - 2014
Physical activity (PA) is discussed as a protective factor as well as a risk factor for alcohol consumption. Therefore, this study aimed at exploring a potential relationship between these behaviors. In a population-based cross-sectional study of 15,474 people living in Austria physical activity, alcohol consumption and demographic variables were assessed. ...
Søndergaard Grethe G Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Glostrup University Hospital, Glostrup, - - 2014
To estimate the association between educational status and alcohol-related somatic and non-somatic morbidity and mortality among full siblings in comparison with non-related individuals. Cohort study. Denmark. Approximately 1.4 million full siblings born in Denmark between 1950 and 1979 were followed from age 28 until age 58 or censoring due to ...
Liu Zhen Z Spine Surgery, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, - - 2014
The objectives of the present study are to evaluate the correlation between pelvic tilt (PT) and the sacro-femoral-pubic (SFP) angle in Asian healthy adolescents, to provide the normal value of SFP angle as reference data in Asian adolescents, and to clarify whether the predictability of PT could be affected by ...
Wu Wanshui W Department of Pediatrics, Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100038, - - 2014
Bacterial inflammation is a common complication in patients with leukemia, and sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a bioactive molecule in modulating Gram-negative bacilli infection. This study aimed to examine the changes in SO2, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), and interleukin-8 (IL-8) levels in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with Gram-negative bacterial inflammation. Fifty-five ...
Vasilj Ivan I Medical School Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina, - - 2014
A cross-sectional study in the Primary Care Medical Centre Mostar and Regional Medical Center "Safet Mujić" was conducted. Family physicians randomly surveyed, examined, and analyzed laboratory tests from 300 subjects divided into three age groups from 20-39, 40-54 and 55-65 years, totally 100 subjects. Data for age, sex, smoking status, ...
Shimoi G G Faculty of Bioindustry, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Abashiri, Hokkaido, - - 2014
We have previously reported that the early embryos derived from post-ovulatory aged oocytes frequently exhibit aneuploidy, resulting from abnormalities in the cleavage apparatus of MII oocytes. Other studies have also described a potential mechanism that results in aneuploidy, which is attributed to the failure of a cell cycle checkpoint. The ...
Tiptanavattana N N Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2014
The pubertal age of domestic cat (Felis catus) as defined as a complete spermatogenesis has been reported to occur around 8 months of age. During the initial phase of testicular development, the transition of gonocytes to spermatogonial stem cells (SSC) takes place within the seminiferous cords. This stage-specific transition has ...
Tan Christopher B CB Division of Geriatrics and Palliative Care Medicine, New York Hospital Queens, New York, N.Y., - - 2014
Background: Postoperative delirium in the elderly is a growing concern. Data regarding significant differences in postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in elderly persons undergoing laparoscopic versus open colon resection are not well established. Objectives: The goal of this study was to compare the incidence of POCD in laparoscopic versus open colon ...
Ghasisin Leila L Department of Speech Therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Pictures are often used in studies on memory, perception, and language; normative data are thus needed for such visual stimuli. In the present study, we aimed to obtain normative data for a set of 272 black-and-white pictures from middle-aged and elderly Persian speakers. A total of 206 volunteers were divided ...
Sackoff Judith E JE , Brooklyn, NY, 11217, USA, - - 2014
Describe the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) and interconception weight change within race/ethnic groups, and differences across them. Data are from linked New York City birth certificates 1994-2004. The sample comprised nulliparous women ages ≥18 with two consecutive singleton births (N = 115,651). The dependent variable was interconception weight change. Adjusted ...
Nakata Yoshio Y Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, - - 2014
Objective: Our previous study, a 6-month randomised controlled trial, demonstrated that a group-based support promoted weight loss as compared to an education-only intervention. The purpose of this study was to examine weight loss maintenance for 2 years. Methods: Originally, 188 overweight Japanese adults, aged 40-65 years, were randomly assigned to ...
Seckeler Michael D MD The Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
To develop a new predictive equation for oxygen consumption (VO2) in children and adults with congenital and acquired heart disease. We retrospectively reviewed data from 502 consecutive patients (age 0-59 years) undergoing cardiac catheterisation with measured VO2 (M-VO2) and compared M-VO2 with VO2 from the LaFarge equations (LF-VO2) in patients <3 years ...
Fujimoto Chisato C Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess age-related frequency-domain characteristics of the sway of center of pressure (COP) in foam posturography, two-legged stance tasks were performed by 163 controls in 4 conditions: eyes open with and without foam rubber, and eyes closed with and without foam rubber. The areas under the curve (AUCs) of power ...
Czapla Marta M Department of General Psychiatry, Medical University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
Background/Aims: Little is known about the association of binge drinking with impulsivity related to trait- or state-like aspects of behavior. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate whether binge drinkers show an impairment of inhibitory control in comparison to non-binge drinkers when confronted with alcohol-associated or control ...
Jevtić Vladimir V Secretariat for Transport, Department for Traffic Safety, 27. Marta 43-45, Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This report examines the difference in the distribution of the speeds of different motorcycle styles and the difference in the distribution of speeds of particular motorcycle styles and cars. The relationship between the speed of motorcycles that possess and those that do not possess vehicle registration plates was also explored. ...
Galli Manuela M aDepartment of Electronics, Information and Bioengineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan bIRCCS 'San Raffaele Pisana', San Raffaele SpA, Rome, - - 2014
In individuals with Down syndrome (DS), the prevalence of obesity is widespread; despite this, there are no experimental studies on the effect of obesity on gait strategy in DS individuals. The aim of this study is to assess the clinical gait analysis of a group of obese individuals with DS ...
Jonas Jost B JB Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty Mannheim of the Ruprecht-Karls-University, Heidelberg, - - 2014
To examine choroidal thickness in open-angle glaucoma. The hospital-based case series study included a study group with patients with open-angle glaucoma and a control group. Choroidal thickness was measured by enhanced depth imaging by spectral domain optical coherence tomography. The study group included 39 patients (71 eyes) and the control ...
Nuevo Roberto R Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Red Temática de Investigación Cooperativa en Envejecimiento y Fragilidad, RETICEF, Madrid, - - 2014
Background/Aims: Alcohol-related problems are relevant in the elderly, particularly in developed countries, but there is a lack of cross-country comparisons. The present work aims to examine the frequency and patterns of alcohol consumption in older adults across different European countries, and to analyze the relationship between socioeconomic status and gender ...
Eom Ki-Seong KS Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic Blood and Marrow Transplantation Center, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
We analyzed the outcome of stem cell transplantation (SCT) for 59 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with t(8;21). The 5-year overall and disease-free survival (OS and DFS) were 70.2 and 68.4%, respectively. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and nonrelapse mortality were 16.9 and 13.6%, respectively. OS and DFS ...
Park Ji Su JS From the Department of Occupational Therapy, Graduate School, Inje University, Gyeongnam (JSP); Department of Occupational Therapy, Graduate School, Daegu University, Gyeongbuk (S-JY); and Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, School of Medicine (JYK, JHL), and Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine (SGY), Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to identify differences in orofacial muscle strength according to age and sex in healthy East Asian adults. A total of 382 subjects participated in this study (age range, 20-93 yrs). They were divided into two groups according to sex (male, n = 192; female, ...
Jang Sung Ho SH Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University 317-1, Daemyungdong, Namgu, Daegu 705-717, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
The corticospinal tract (CST) is known to originate from multiple cerebral areas, including the primary motor cortex (M1). In this study, using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), we attempted to investigate the differences of aging of CST fibers according to the cerebral origin in the human brain. Sixty healthy subjects aged ...
Kuroiwa Yumi Y Department of Public Health, Kochi Medical School, Nankoku, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to clarify the longitudinal association between brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and the onset of impairment in activities of daily living (ADL) among community-dwelling individuals. Deaths and the onsets of ADL impairment during 3 years were followed for 450 individuals without ADL impairment ...
Byrnes Joshua J Centre for Applied Health Economics, Griffith University, Logan Campus L03 2.15, Meadowbrook, QLD, 4131, Australia, - - 2014
To determine if taxation policies that increase the price of alcohol differentially reduce alcohol consumption for heavy drinkers in Australia. A two-part demand model for alcohol consumption is used to determine the price elasticity of alcohol. Quantile regression is used to determine the price elasticity estimates for various levels of ...
Etebary S S Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences , Yazd , - - 2014
It is well known that with increasing age, fertility potential decreases in women. Since some of the women who undergo assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatments are very young patients or young donors, fecundity investigation seems necessary in this group. Data from patients who underwent in vitro fertilisation/intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) ...
Bang Hyung-Ae HA College of Health Sciences, Korea University, Seoul 136-703, Korea; Korea Public Health Association, Seoul, - - 2015
Alcohol consumption and related alcohol liver disease (ALD) have substantially increased in Korea during the last decade. The objective of this study was to evaluate the trends in the epidemiological aspects and mortality rate (MR) of Korea in the decade between 2000 and 2009. The raw data analyzed in this ...
Olumide Adesola O AO Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan/University College Hospital Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adolescent substance use has numerous consequences. Our goals in this article are to compare the prevalence and correlates of substance use among ethnically diverse adolescents. Data were from 2,332 adolescents aged 15-19 years recruited via respondent-driven sampling from disadvantaged settings in five cities. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify correlates of ...
Hedengran Anne A Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Niels Andersensvej 65, 2900, Hellerup, Denmark, - - 2014
To date, treatment of hypertriglyceridemia with long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) has been investigated solely in fasting and postprandial subjects. However, non-fasting triacylglycerols are more strongly associated with risk of cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of long-chain n-3 PUFA on non-fasting ...
Barry Adam E AE Department of Health & Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA - - 2014
With the proliferation of the Internet and online social media use, alcohol advertisers are now marketing their products through social media sites such as YouTube, Facebook and Twitter. As a result, new recommendations have been made by the Federal Trade Commission concerning the self-regulation of digital marketing strategies, including content ...
Lin C-M CM Department of Healthcare Information and Management, Ming Chuan University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the two opposing effects of alcohol tax policy interventions (tax rate increase in 2002 and decrease in 2009) on hospitalization in monetary terms of alcohol-attributed diseases (AADs) in Taiwan. An interrupted time-series analysis. Admissions data from 1996 to 2010 were retrieved from the National Health Insurance Research Database ...
Garnett Claire C Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Underestimating one's own alcohol consumption relative to others ('normative misperception') has been documented in some college student and heavy-alcohol using samples, and may contribute to excessive drinking. This study aimed to assess how far this phenomenon extends to alcohol users more generally in four English-speaking countries and if associations with ...
Susin C C Department of Periodontics and Oral Biology, College of Dental Medicine, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, GA, - - 2014
An association between alcohol consumption and periodontitis has been suggested in the literature, but the evidence is still unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between alcohol consumption and periodontitis in a probability sample of adults from south Brazil. This analysis included 1115 subjects aged ...
Fox Mark C - - 2014
Relatively high vocabulary scores of older adults are generally interpreted as evidence that older adults possess more of a common ability than younger adults. Yet, this interpretation rests on empirical assumptions about the uniformity of item-response functions between groups. In this article, we test item response models of differential responding ...
Campbell Stuart A SA Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14853, USA, - - 2014
Gregarious feeding is a common feature of herbivorous insects and can range from beneficial (e.g. dilution of predation risk) to costly (e.g. competition). Group age structure should influence these costs and benefits, particularly when old and young larvae differ in their feeding mode or apparency to predators. We investigated the ...
Diouf Joseph Samba JS Service d'orthodontie, département d'odontologie, faculté de médecine, de pharmacie et d'odontologie, université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Facial soft-tissue analyses based on photographic records (photogrammetric analysis of the soft tissues) highlight interracial and interethnic dimorphism. The standards for facial analyses, originally obtained from Caucasian subjects, are not appropriate for the diagnosis and treatment planning of other groups of orthodontic patients. The purpose of this study was to ...
Studer Joseph J Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital CHUV, Av. de Beaumont 21bis, Pavillon 2, CH-1011 Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Alcohol consumption-in particular drinking volume (DV) and risky single occasion drinking (RSOD)-has been related to a wide range of negative consequences and health problems. Previous studies also suggested that drinking in certain locations may be more strongly associated with the occurrence of alcohol-related harm than drinking in others. However, they ...
Suchotzki Kristina K Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium - - 2014
Despite the widespread belief that alcohol makes the truth come out more easily, we know very little on how alcohol impacts deception. Given that alcohol impairs response inhibition, and that response inhibition may be critically involved in deception, we expected that alcohol intake would hamper lying. In total, 104 volunteers ...
Suh Beomseok B Department of Family Medicine & Health Promotion Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Previous studies on the association of alcohol consumption with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) have been inconsistent, and none took into account the dynamic nature of LUTS, fluctuating over time. The purpose of the study was to determine the longitudinal association of alcohol consumption with LUTS. We used generalized estimating ...
Pulerwitz Julie J At the time of the study, Julie Pulerwitz and Lindsay Hughes were with the HIV/AIDS & TB Global Program, PATH, Washington, DC. Manisha Mehta was with EngenderHealth, New York, NY. Aklilu Kidanu was with the Miz-Hasab Research Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Fabio Verani was with Promundo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Samuel Tewolde was with Hiwot Ethiopia, Addis - - 2014
Objectives. We assessed the effects of a community-based project in Ethiopia that worked with young men to promote gender-equitable norms and reductions in intimate partner violence (IPV). Methods. A quasi-experimental design was used to assign young Ethiopian men 15 to 24 years of age (809 participants were surveyed at baseline ...
Welk Aaron B AB Diagnostic Imaging Resident, Department of Radiology, Logan College of Chiropractic, Chesterfield, MO. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study sought to use high-resolution ultrasound to measure changes in plantar fascia thickness as a result of tissue creep generated by walking and running. Independent samples of participants were obtained. Thirty-six walkers and 25 runners walked on a treadmill for 10 minutes or ran for 30 minutes, respectively. Standardized ...
Liu Kathy K Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Evansville, - - 2014
Context :  Lateral ankle sprains are among the most common injuries in sport, with the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) most susceptible to damage. Although we understand that after a sprain, scar tissue forms within the ligament, little is known about the morphologic changes in a ligament after injury. Objective :  ...
Kart C C Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Medicine , Trabzon , - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of amniotic fluid lamellar body count (LBC) on the timing of elective caesarean delivery (CS) at ≥ 39 weeks. After allocating the study group (group I, transient tachypnoea of newborn (TTN), n = 14), an age-matched control group (group II, ...
Rumpf Michael C MC National Sports Medicine Programme - Excellence in Football Project, Aspetar - Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, - - 2014
Sprinting is an important physical capacity and the development of sprint ability can take place throughout the athlete's growth. The purpose of this study therefore was to determine if the kinematics and kinetics associated with maximum sprint velocity differs in male youth participants of different maturity status (pre-, mid- and ...
Kitajima Hiroyuki H Department of Neonatal Medicine, Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child - - 2014
Methods to improve the mental development of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) children are currently lacking. We assessed the effects of long-term supplementation of alpha-Tocopherol on the neurological development of 259 school-aged ELBW children. ELBW participants were divided into three groups: group A with no alpha-Tocopherol supplementation (n=121); group B ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >