Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 2011
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
London Kevin K Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Hawkesbury Road, Westmead, Sydney, NSW 2145, Australia; Discipline of Paediatrics and Child Health, Sydney Medical School, Edward Ford Building, Fisher Road, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The changing pattern of relative cerebral (18)F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) uptake that occurs during normal childhood development is not completely understood. Using SPM8 we undertook a voxel-based analysis of dedicated cerebral FDG scans in 28 children ranging in age from 11months to 16years to examine the effects of age on regional FDG ...
Grover Inderpreet Singh - - 2014
The present work demonstrates the influence of Ag-loading (0.2-1.0 wt%) onto sodium titanate nanotubes (TNT) for complete photomineralization of neurotoxic imidacloprid (IMI) insecticide under UV-light illumination. It has been observed that degradation of IMI follows pseudo-first order-kinetics, where 0.5wt% Ag-loaded-TNT exhibited highest apparent-rate-constant (2.2 × 10-2 min-1) and corresponding least ...
Lai Claudia K - - 2014
This paper reports a cluster analysis of a sample recruited from a randomized controlled trial that explored the effect of using a life story work approach to improve the psychological outcomes of older people in the community. 238 subjects from community centers were included in this analysis. After statistical testing, ...
Ekizoglu Oguzhan O Department of Forensic Medicine, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, I Tevfik Saglam Cad. No: 11, Bakirkoy, Istanbul, 34147, Turkey, - - 2014
The variability of anthropometric measures, such as the degree of ossification, among societies should be taken into account when estimating age. The degree of ossification of the medial clavicle can be determined with thin-section computed tomography (CT), which is one of the methods recommended by the Study Group on Forensic ...
Mishima Katsuaki K Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Yamaguchi University, Minami-kogushi 1-1-1, Ube City, Yamaguchi 755-8505, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to clarify gender differences in posed smiles using principal component analysis (PCA). Fourteen adult volunteers, 7 males and 7 females, were enrolled. Using the motion analyzing system we developed, range images and 5 × 5 virtual grids were produced across the whole sequence while the volunteers ...
Ostrofsky Kelly R KR Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, Duke University, Biological Sciences Building, Box 90383, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Sex determination is critical for developing the biological profile of unidentified skeletal remains. When more commonly used elements (os coxa, cranium) for sexing are not available, methods utilizing other skeletal elements are needed. This study aims to assess the degree of sexual dimorphism of the lumbar vertebrae and develop discriminant ...
Yusof Nur A'thifah NA Laboratory of Natural Products, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor, - - 2014
The metabolite changes in three germplasm accessions of Malaysia Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.) Nees, viz 11265 (H), 11341 (P), 11248 (T) due to their different harvesting ages and times were successfully evaluated by Attenuated Total Reflectance (ATR)-Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and translated through multivariate data analysis of Principal Component ...
Nakazono Tetsuharu T Department of Rehabilitation, Kitasato University East Hospital, - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine the reference values for the chair stand test (CST) in healthy older Japanese people. [Methods] Relevant research articles for the 5-repetition chair stand test (CS-5) and the 30-second chair stand test (CS-30) were identified by electronic database and manual searching. Research ...
Andrade Ana A Escola Superior de Saúde de Viseu, Instituto Politécnico de Viseu, Viseu, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe the process of validating Emotional Intelligence Measurement (MIE) Scale for Portuguese senior citizens. Observational, cross-sectional quantitative study. Senior citizens attending senior universities and from the community in the district of Viseu. 1084 subjects participated with a mean age of 72.98 years, residing in the district of Viseu, no ...
Balogh Zoltán Z Department of Physics, Budapest University of Technology and Economics and MTA-BME Condensed Matter Research Group, 1111 Budapest, Budafoki ut 8, Hungary. - - 2014
Experimental correlation analysis and first-principles theory are used to probe the structure and evolution of Ag-CO-Ag single-molecule junctions both before the formation and after the rupture of the junctions. Two dimensional correlation histograms and conditional histograms demonstrate that prior to the single-molecule bridge configuration the CO molecule is already bound ...
Baker Karen K Center for Male Fertility, Glickman Urologic and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
To [1] determine the impact of semen reference limits on referrals for male fertility evaluations, [2] analyze the stratification of subjects based on published "normal" thresholds, [3] analyze the odds of changing fertility categories during serial tests and thereby the potential impact of inherent variability of semen parameters on referrals, ...
Enkin Natalie - - 2014
Luminescent nucleic acid-stabilized Ag nanoclusters (Ag NCs) are applied for the optical detection of DNA, and for the multiplexed analysis of genes. Two different sensing modules including Ag NCs as luminescence labels are described. One sensing module involves the assembly of a three-component sensing module composed of a nucleic acid-stabilized ...
Durán-Guerrero Enrique E Analytical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences-CAIV, University of Cádiz Agrifood Campus of International Excellence, Post Office Box 40, Polígono Río San Pedro, Puerto Real, 11510, Cádiz, - - 2014
Thirty six high quality vinegars with geographical indication belonging to Sherry and Modena areas (vinegars of Jerez, balsamic vinegars of Modena and traditional balsamic vinegars of Modena) with all possible aging periods were analysed to determine the content of volatile aldehydes. A solid-phase extraction method with in-cartridge derivatization using O-(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzyl)hydroxylamine ...
Pechal Jennifer L JL Department of Entomology, 243 Natural Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) are typically the first insects to arrive at human remains and carrion. Predictable succession patterns and known larval development of necrophagous insects on vertebrate remains can assist a forensic entomologist with estimates of a minimum post-mortem interval (PMImin) range. However, adult blow flies are infrequently used ...
Stimpfle D W DW Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; Division of Nephrology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
SIAscopy (Spectrophotometric Intracutaneous Analysis) enables non-invasive analysis of the skin. We wanted to determine whether SIAscopy is able to detect and differentiate the skin chromophores melanin, collagen and haemoglobin and the influence of immunosuppressive drugs and other known risk factors for non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). Volunteers and patients were measured ...
Lee Do Won DW Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Busan, - - 2014
Despite the many benefits of percutaneous thoracic sympathectomy, it also has serious complications such as pneumothorax. This study was conducted in order to determine the safe percutaneous entering window and angles for the needle during T2 and T3 thoracic sympathectomy avoiding pneumothorax. Transverse section of CT images that crosses at ...
Xekardaki Aikaterini A From the Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry (A.X., C.R., M.L.M., S.T., E.T., P.G.), Division of Geriatrics, Department of Internal Medicine, Rehabilitation and Geriatrics (F.R.H., D.Z.), and Department of Imaging and Medical Informatics (K.O.L., S.H.), University Hospitals of Geneva and Faculty of Medicine of the University of Geneva, Rue Gabrielle Perret-Gentil 4, 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland; and Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, the Netherlands - - 2014
Purpose To explore whether arterial spin labeling (ASL) imaging in cognitively intact elderly individuals may be used to predict subsequent early neuropsychological decline. Materials and Methods The local ethics committee approved this prospective study, and written informed consent was obtained from all participants. A total of 148 consecutive control subjects ...
Bülow Morten Hillgaard MH The Center for Healthy Aging, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200 Copenhagen, Denmark; Medical Museion, University of Copenhagen, Fredericiagade 18, 1310 Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Since the late 1980s, the concept of 'successful ageing' has set the frame for discourse about contemporary ageing research. Through an analysis of the reception to John W. Rowe and Robert L. Kahn's launch of the concept of 'successful ageing' in 1987, this article maps out the important themes and ...
Lana Alessandro A Department of Ecological and Biological Sciences, University of Tuscia, Largo dell'Università, snc, 01100 Viterbo, - - 2015
Piedmontese meat tenderness becomes higher by extending the ageing period after slaughter up to 44days. Classical physical analysis only partially explain this evidence, so in order to discover the reason of the potential beneficial effects of prolonged ageing, we performed omic analysis in the Longissimus thoracis muscle by examining main ...
Carraro Silvia S Women's and Children's Health Department, University of Padova, Padova, - - 2014
To assess a group of adolescents with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) from a biochemical-metabolic standpoint, applying the metabolomic approach to studying their exhaled breath condensate (EBC). Twenty adolescents with BPD (mean age 14.8 years) and 15 healthy controls (mean age 15.2 years) were recruited for EBC collection, exhaled nitric oxide measurement, and spirometry. ...
Macrì Antonio A Department of Human Pathology, University of Messina, Messina, Italy - - 2014
To assess the incidence of morbidity and mortality of Cytoreductive Surgery plus Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy. A retrospective multicentric study was performed. Six hundred and eighty-three patients were recorded. Predictors of morbidity and mortality were evaluated with univariate and multivariate analysis. In univariate analysis, older age, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score, ...
Jäckle Sebastian S a Department of Political Science , University of Freiburg , - - 2014
Abstract Although the attitudes towards homosexuality have become more liberal, particularly in industrialized Western countries, there is still a great deal of variance in terms of the worldwide levels of homonegativity. Using data from the two most recent waves of the World Values Survey (1999-2004, 2005-2009) this article seeks to ...
Maeda Keisuke K Department of Internal Medicine, Tamana Regional Health Medical Center, 2172 Tamana, Taman City, Kumamoto Prefecture, 865-0005, Japan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to clarify the association between tongue pressure and factors related to sarcopenia such as aging, activities of daily living, nutritional state, and dysphagia. One-hundred-and-four patients without a history of treatment of stroke and without a diagnosis of neurodegenerative disease (36 men and 68 women), ...
Chen Yang Y Department of Urology and Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning - PR - - 2014
Prostate cancer (Pca) is one of the noncutaneous cancers occurring worldwide. Its high morbidity and mortality make it a concern. X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) Arg399Gln polymorphism (rs25487) has been reported to be related to Pca. However, the conclusions are controversial. In this study, PubMed, HuGENet and Chinese National ...
Pant N N Department of Reproductive Biology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
There are contrary reports of association of lead and cadmium with the decline in semen quality. This study evaluates whether seminal lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) at environmental concentration are associated with altered semen quality. We conducted a study of healthy fertile and infertile men 20-43 years of age attending the ...
Fernando K A Shiral - - 2014
Decoration of graphene oxide (GO) sheets with Ag nanoparticles has been demonstrated using a simple sonication technique. By changing the ratio between Ag-decorated-GO and GO, a series of Ag-decorated-GO samples with different Ag loadings were synthesized. These Ag-decorated-GO samples were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy, ...
Taddeo Mariarosaria M Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK, - - 2014
The "struggle between liberties and authorities", as described by Mill, refers to the tension between individual rights and the rules restricting them that are imposed by public authorities exerting their power over civil society. In this paper I argue that contemporary information societies are experiencing a new form of such ...
Esmailizadeh A K AK Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, PB, 76169-133, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to locate quantitative trait loci (QTL) causing variation in birth weight and age of puberty of doe kids in a population of Rayini cashmere goats. Four hundred and thirty kids from five half-sib families were genotyped for 116 microsatellite markers located on the caprine ...
Cui Shaoqing S Department of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, 866 Yuhangtang Road, Hangzhou 310058, PR - - 2014
Aroma profiles of ginseng samples at different ages were investigated using electronic nose (E-nose) and GC-MS techniques combined with chemometrics analysis. The bioactive ginsenoside and volatile oil content increased with age. E-nose performed well in the qualitative analyses. Both Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Discriminant Functions Analysis (DFA) performed well ...
Sanfilippo P G PG Centre for Eye Research Australia, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, - - 2014
The lamina cribrosa (LC) plays an important biomechanical role in the optic nerve head (ONH). We developed a statistical shape model of the LC and tested if the shape varies with age or IOP. The ONHs of 18 donor eyes (47-91 years, mean 76 years) fixed at either 5 or ...
Verma Saumya S Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeshwara Dental College, Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeshwara University, Mysore, Karnataka, - - 2014
Sex determination of unknown individuals carries crucial significance in forensic research, in cases where fragments of skull persist with no likelihood of identification based on dental arch. In these instances sex determination becomes important to rule out certain number of possibilities instantly and helps in establishing a biological profile of ...
Lee J-H - - 2014
The aim of this study was to establish standards for determining sex from fragmentary and complete femurs in a Korean population. The statistical analysis of 12 variables (6 about breadth and 6 about length) based on 100 Korean femurs (from 50 males and 50 females) showed that all variables have ...
Chirinda Witness W a HIV/AIDS/STI and TB (HAST) , Human Sciences Research Council , Private Bag X41, Pretoria 0001 , South - - 2014
This paper examines the correlates of inconsistent condom use with most recent sexual partner among sexually experienced youth (N = 2 138) in South Africa. A cross-sectional population based survey with youth aged 18 to 24 years was conducted in 4 provinces (Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga). More women ...
Koyama E E Division of Orthopaedic Surgery - - 2014
The Proteoglycan 4 (Prg4) product lubricin plays essential roles in boundary lubrication and movement in limb synovial joints, but its roles in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are unclear. Thus, we characterized the TMJ phenotype in wild-type and Prg4(-/-) mouse littermates over age. As early as 2 weeks of age, mutant mice ...
Fu Yuhong Y Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, NSW, Australia School of Medical Science, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
The J20 mouse expresses human mutant amyloid-β protein precursor (hAβPPSwInd) and is an established transgenic model of Alzheimer's disease (AD). From the age of 5 months, amyloid-β (Aβ) deposits appear in the hippocampus with concomitant increase of AD-associated features. Although changes occurring after the appearance of Aβ deposits have been ...
Jo Eun-Jung EJ Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, - - 2014
Exhaled nitric oxide (NO) is a useful non-invasive biomarker for asthma diagnosis; however, the literature suggests that exhaled NO levels may be affected by demographic factors. The present analysis investigated determinant factors that present exhaled NO reference levels for Korean elderly adults. For reference levels, we analyzed the baseline data ...
Raj Divya D A DD Department of Neuroscience, Section Medical Physiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the - - 2014
Aging is associated with reduced function, degenerative changes, and increased neuroinflammation of the central nervous system (CNS). Increasing evidence suggests that changes in microglia cells contribute to the age-related deterioration of the CNS. The most prominent age-related change of microglia is enhanced sensitivity to inflammatory stimuli, referred to as priming. ...
Pérez-Jiménez Mercedes M MM Centro Andaluz de Biología del Desarrollo (CABD), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas - Universidad Pablo de Olavide - Junta de Andalucía, Carretera de Utrera, km1, Seville, 41013, - - 2014
Nuclear envelope (NE) architecture and aging have been associated since the discovery that certain human progeria diseases are due to perturbations in processing of lamin A protein, generating alterations in NE morphology. However, whether changes in the NE are a causal effect of normal and premature aging is still controversial. ...
Riesen Michèle M Institute of Healthy Ageing, and Research Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, London, United - - 2014
In C. elegans, increased lifespan in daf-2 insulin/IGF-1 receptor mutants is accompanied by up-regulation of the MDL-1 Mad basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper transcription factor. Here we describe the role of mdl-1 in C. elegans germline proliferation and aging. The deletion allele mdl-1(tm311) shortened lifespan, and did so significantly more so ...
Yang Su S Department of Human Genetics, Emory University School of Medicine, 615 Michael Street, Room 355, Atlanta, GA 30322, - - 2014
Although protein-misfolding-mediated neurodegenerative diseases have been linked to aging, how aging contributes to selective neurodegeneration remains unclear. We established spinocerebellar ataxia 17 (SCA17) knockin mice that inducibly express one copy of mutant TATA box binding protein (TBP) at different ages by tamoxifen-mediated Cre recombination. We find that more mutant TBP ...
Yamamoto T T Department of Veterinary Nursing and Technology, Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University, 1-7-1 Kyonancho, Musashino, Tokyo, 180-8602, - - 2014
This study compared the growth rates of female masu salmon Oncorhynchus masou, who possessed a male-specific gene marker, the growth hormone pseudogene (GHp), and normal females, as estimated from their scale growth. There was a difference between the growth rates of GHp-positive females and those of normal females of the ...
Fraser Eleanor J EJ Program in Genetics, Department of Anatomy, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of - - 2014
Olfaction exerts a profound influence on reproductive physiology and behavior in many animals, including rodents. Odors are recognized by sensory neurons residing in the main olfactory epithelium (MOE) and the vomeronasal organ (VNO) in mice and many other vertebrates. The relative contributions of the MOE and VNO in the display ...
Capaldi Colin A CA Department of Psychology, Carleton University Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
Research suggests that contact with nature can be beneficial, for example leading to improvements in mood, cognition, and health. A distinct but related idea is the personality construct of subjective nature connectedness, a stable individual difference in cognitive, affective, and experiential connection with the natural environment. Subjective nature connectedness is ...
Lou Baohui B Graduate School of Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China; Beijing Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
To investigate the underlying physiological mechanisms of the structural differences in gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) associated with obesity in young Chinese adults. A total of 49 right-handed obese or overweight (nā€Š=ā€Š22, mean age 31.72±8.04 years) and normal weight (nā€Š=ā€Š27, mean age 29.04±7.32 years) Han Chinese individuals were ...
McCarthy Paul P Department of Computer Science, University of Otago Dunedin, New Zealand ; Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford Oxford, - - 2014
The posterior-anterior shift in aging (PASA) is a commonly observed phenomenon in functional neuroimaging studies of aging, characterized by age-related reductions in occipital activity alongside increases in frontal activity. In this work we have investigated the hypothesis as to whether the PASA is also manifested in functional brain network measures ...
Song Wen W Department of Entomology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, - - 2014
The reproductive traits of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) were investigated and analyzed by different analytical methods. Simple statistical analysis showed relatively higher mating rates maintained from 21:00 to 2:00, thereafter dropping to a minimum at about 18:00. Mating rates were affected by female and male age. ...
Bilen Julide J Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA - - 2013
Juvenile hormone (JH) coordinates timing of female reproductive maturation in most insects. In Drosophila melanogaster, JH plays roles in both mating and egg maturation. However, very little is known about the molecular pathways associated with mating. Our behavioral analysis of females genetically lacking the corpora allata, the glands that produce ...
Marcil-Ferland Dominique - - 2013
Abstract Individuals experiencing poor growth early in life may later make up their size deficit. Compensatory growth or growth prolongation may lead to such catch-up, involving different life-history trade-offs under natural conditions. Frequent recaptures and detailed monitoring of animals surviving to asymptotic size are required to compare growth tactics and ...
English Sinead S Large Animal Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, - - 2013
In polygynous species, variance in reproductive success is higher in males than females. There is consequently stronger selection for competitive traits in males and early growth can have a greater influence on later fitness in males than in females. As yet, little is known about sex differences in the effect ...
Kowald Axel - - 2013
The mitochondrial theory of ageing is one of the main contenders to explain the biochemical basis of the ageing process. An important line of support comes from the observation that mtDNA deletions accumulate over the life course in post-mitotic cells of many species. A single mutant expands clonally and finally ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >