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Results 201 - 250 of 2000
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Rai Balwant - - 2010
The aim of this paper is twofold: first, to evaluate an Indian sample by Cameriere's European formula; and second, if this formula turns out to be unsuitable, to study a specific formula for Indian children. Orthopantomographs taken from 480 Indian children (227 girls and 253 boys) aged between 3 and ...
Strausz T - - 2010
How bruxism develops from adolescence to early adulthood remains unclear. A previous database was revisited to evaluate the natural course of self-reported tooth grinding and clenching among young Finns aged 14-23 using four assessments. Overall, the self-reported frequencies of both grinding and clenching increased during the examination period: from 13.7% ...
Fisher Elda L - - 2010
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of third molar caries experience in a middle-aged and older population and the relationship of these findings to caries experience in teeth more anterior in the mouth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 6,550 Dental Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study participants aged 52 to 74 years ...
Yengopal V - - 2010
The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the caries preventive effect of Salt fluoridation (SF) in the permanent dentition in children. THE OBJECTIVES WERE TO COMPARE: (1) the caries preventive effects of SF versus no exposure in different age cohorts (6-8; 9-12; and 13-15 years old); (2) SF versus ...
Al-Nimri K K Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan. - - 2010
This research was conducted to study the effect of school-based caries prevention program on the crowding in the early permanent dentition. upper and lower arch crowding was compared between 78 subjects who had received a successful caries prevention programme and 94 control subjects. A study model was taken for each ...
Almst?hl Annica - - 2010
The aim of the study was to analyse the frequency of different Lactobacillus species in relation to the pH-lowering potential of the plaque. METHODS: Ten subjects with radiation-induced hyposalivation (RT group) and 10 subjects with primary Sj?gren's syndrome (pSS group) and matched controls with normal salivary secretion were included. Lactobacillus ...
Preus Hans R - - 2010
Abstract Objective. Destructive periodontitis is one of the most frequent and widespread bacterial infections in humans. Psoriasis is a common condition in the general population. Since both psoriasis and periodontal diseases are characterized by an exaggerated response of the immune system to the epithelial surface microbiota, there may possibly be ...
Ekb?ck Gunnar - - 2010
This study aimed to assess the stability or change in satisfaction with teeth among Swedish adults between the ages of 50 and 65 yr, and to identify the impact of socio-demographics and of clinical and subjective oral health indicators on participants' satisfaction with teeth during that period. Self-administered standardized questionnaires ...
Li Yiming - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate prevalence and severity of gingivitis in representative American adults. METHODS: Subjects (1,000) in Loma Linda, California; Seattle, Washington; and Boston, Massachusetts were examined for L?e-Silness Gingivitis Index (GI). Mann-Whitney rank sum test was used to determine significances in the GI between genders. The data among study sites ...
Pruvost Marie-Odile - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The ideal basis of age estimation is considered to be a combination of clinical, skeletal and dental examinations. It is not easy to determine how forensic physicians take account of evidence-based data obtained from medical journals in their medical decision-making. The question of what is an ethically acceptable probability ...
Olze Andreas - - 2010
The question of whether an individual has reached the age of 18 is of crucial importance in forensic age estimation practice. In some countries, the age threshold of 21 years is relevant as well. A completed mineralization of third molars is not a sufficient criterion for a diagnosis of a ...
Urbanowski MikoĊ‚aj - - 2010
An upper second permanent molar from a human was found alongside numerous tools of the Micoquian tradition and was excavated in Stajnia Cave, which is located over 100 km North of the Carpathian Mountains in southern Poland. The age of these finds has been established within a time-span of late ...
Babshet Medha - - 2010
In India, age estimation of living individuals is gaining importance, particularly in cases of child labour, ascertaining majority status and to assess disputed age in criminals. Previous studies on adult age prediction in Indians have focused on histological parameters, which are invasive in nature and not feasible in the living. ...
Celikoglu Mevlut - - 2010
PURPOSE: The objectives of the present study were to investigate the frequency of impaction, agenesis, angular position, and related pathologic changes of third molar teeth in a group of orthodontic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our sample included the panoramic radiographs of 351 orthodontic patients aged 20 to 26 years (mean ...
Blakey George H - - 2010
PURPOSE: To assess the association between visible third molars and the prevalence of periodontal inflammatory disease of non-third molars. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Subjects aged 14 to 45 years with 4 asymptomatic third molars were enrolled in an institutional review board-approved study. Subjects were classified based on whether at least 1 ...
Komiya Ito Akiyo - - 2010
Periodontopathic bacteria such as Porphyromonas gingivalis, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Tannerella forsythia, Campylobacter rectus and Treponema denticola play an important role in the initiation and progression of periodontitis. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the relationship between periodontal clinical parameters and the subgingival profile of periodontopathic bacteria. Twenty-six periodontitis patients ...
Nguyen Thoa C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Before strategies or protocols for oral health care can be advised at population level, epidemiological information on tooth decay patterns and its effects on oral function are indispensable. The aim of this study was to investigate influences of socio-demographic variables on the prevalence of decayed, missing, filled (DMF) and ...
Cruz Adriana D da - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine Streptococcus mutans biofilm growth on both aged and non-aged restorative dental resins, which were submitted to therapeutic irradiation. Sixty-four disks of an esthetic restorative material (Filtek Supreme) were divided into 2 groups: aged group (AG) and a non-aged group (NAG). Each group ...
De Souza E - - 2010
To illustrate regional changes that occurred in screening for Down's syndrome (trisomy 21) in England and Wales from 1989 to 2008. The National Down Syndrome Cytogenetic Register has collected data on all ante- and postnatal diagnoses of Down's syndrome in England and Wales since 1989 (n = 27,954). The percentages ...
Watson James T - - 2010
This study explores the dynamic relationship between the introduction of agriculture and its effects on women's oral health by testing the hypothesis that female reproductive physiology contributes to an oral environment more susceptible to chronic oral disease and that, in a population undergoing the foraging to farming transition, females will ...
Furuta Michiko - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Obesity has been implicated as a risk factor for periodontitis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In NAFLD, elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is associated with obesity. Although a possible interrelationship between liver function and periodontitis has been reported among the middle-aged population, the correlation in young adults is little ...
Kim Hae-Young - - 2010
The aims of this study were to assess predictors of global self-ratings of oral health (GSROH) and to examine whether they varied by age among Korean adults aged 18-95 years. Data from 4,546 adults aged 18-95 years completing the Korean National Oral Health Survey 2006 were included in the analysis. ...
Tsalikis Lazaros - - 2010
Cytokines have been proposed as potentially useful diagnostic or prognostic markers of periodontal inflammation related alterations during the experimental gingivitis model. The role of ageing in periodontal disease needs further elucidation; therefore investigations of its influence on host response are needed. To study the effect of age on interleukins IL ...
Teles Ricardo R Department of Periodontology, The Forsyth Institute, 140 The Fenway, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
The objectives of this study were to measure levels of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) biomarkers and subgingival bacterial species in periodontally healthy subjects and subjects with periodontitis to explore the relationships among these biomarkers, the subgingival microbiota, and the clinical parameters of periodontal disease. Clinical periodontal parameters were measured at ...
Ditmyer Marcia M UNLV School of Dental Medicine, Las Vegas, NV 89106, USA. - - 2010
The main purpose of this study was to compare the 30% of Nevada Youth who presented with the highest Decayed Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT) index to a cohort who were caries free and to national NHANES data. Secondly, to explore the factors associated with higher caries prevalence in those ...
Ryu M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to clarify which oral environmental factors affected number of microbes in saliva in an edentulous environment. We enrolled 68 edentulous subjects in the study. Numbers of total anaerobic bacteria and Candida species in saliva were determined. Age, sex, un-stimulated salivary flow rate, pH and ...
Que Kehua - - 2010
AIM: The objective of this study was to establish the prevalence of dentine hypersensitivity (DH) in Chinese urban adults and the possible effects of smoking on DH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2640 subjects were distributed equally in 12 communities in Chengdu and Xian City, respectively, and of all ...
Graham J P - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Following a mass disaster, the aim of the Disaster Victim Identification process is to establish the identity of the victims. The ageing screening process on victims in Victoria may now be complemented with the use of computerized tomography (CT), where previously any dental ageing analysis was performed using conventional ...
S???t Omer - - 2010
The gross alpha and gross beta activity concentrations were measured in human tooth taken from 3 to 6 age-groups to 40 and over ones. Accumulated teeth samples are investigated in two groups as under and above 18 years. The gross alpha and beta radioactivity of human tooth samples was measured ...
Borrell L N - - 2011
Periodontitis has been shown to be associated with allostatic load, a measure of physiological instability across biological systems from cumulative or repeated adaptation to stressors. Minority racial/ethnic and low socioeconomic groups tend to have higher prevalence of periodontitis and are more likely to be exposed to stress. The association between ...
Yeel R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To report on the periodontal status of schoolchildren in urban and rural Nepal and to identify possible risk indicators of poor periodontal health. DESIGN: Cross-sectional 'pathfinder' survey using the stratified cluster sampling technique included seven urban and nine rural sites representing the three geographic divisions and five political regions ...
Sarajli? Nermin - - 2009
Objectives were to measure labial alveolar resorption using Lamendin's method; to correlate the measured values of resorption with age at death; to determine whether age influences alveolar resorption, and if so, to quantify this impact. The study was performed during the 1992-1995 period in identified war casualties in Bosnia and ...
Miloglu Ozkan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency of idiopathic osteosclerosis (IO) and condensing osteitis (CO) in a Turkish patient population, considering factors such as age and sex of the population, in addition to shape and localization, as well as the dental relationship between IO and CO ...
Han Dong-Hun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The oral effect of chronic low-level mercury exposure is not completely understood. This study examined whether mercury exposure is associated with periodontitis. METHODS: This study cross-sectionally surveyed 1,328 residents (598 males and 730 females) from the prospective Shiwha and Banwol cohort in Korea from July 2005 to August 2006 ...
Kikutani Takeshi - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the relation between the degree of tongue-coating and oral function. BACKGROUND: Tongue-coating is a moss-like deposit which forms over the tongue surface, and includes micro-organisms, food residues, and abrasive epithelia. It is considered that motor function of the tongue and lips ...
Silva-Boghossian Carina M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence, extent, and severity of clinical attachment loss (AL) and their association with sociodemographic and behavioral parameters of subjects attending a public dental school in Brazil. METHODS: A total of 491 consenting participants (21 to 70 years of age) submitted ...
Kehua Q - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a cross-sectional study of the prevalence of dentine hypersensitivity and related risk factors in Chengdu City, China. METHODS: A total of 1,320 subjects were distributed equally in six communities in Chengdu City and of all age groups (10 years for an age group) including the same ...
Moss Kevin L KL Department of Dental Ecology, University of North Carolina School of Dentistry, Chapel Hill, NC 27559-7450, - - 2009
To assess the association between the visible presence of third molars and the severity of periodontal pathologic findings on teeth more anterior in the mouth. The present analysis included dentate participants, 52 to 74 years old, from the Dental Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study who had undergone an oral examination ...
Roksandic Mirjana - - 2009
The use of tooth cementum annulations for age determination has been deemed promising, exhibiting high correlations with chronological age. Despite its apparent potential, to date, the tooth cementum annulations method has been used rarely for estimating ages in archaeological populations. Here we examine the readability of cementum annulations and the ...
Blakey George H - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess changes in periodontal status over time in subjects with all third molar region periodontal probing depths (PDs) of less than 4 mm at enrollment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Subjects were a subsample of young adults enrolled with 4 asymptomatic third molars in an institutional review board-approved longitudinal study. ...
Cameriere R - - 2009
Age estimation in adults is an important problem in both anthropological and forensic fields, and apposition of secondary dentine is often used as an indicator of age. In recent papers, Cameriere et al. studied the pulp/tooth area ratio of canines for this purpose. The present study examines the application of ...
Santoro Valeria - - 2009
In recent years, skeletal age determination has become increasingly important in criminal investigations for determining the age of living individuals. To increase diagnostic accuracy, a physical examination, an X-ray examination of the left hand, as well as a dental examination including the determination of the dental status and an X-ray ...
Mart?nez-Pab?n M C - - 2010
AIM: To evaluate the salivary carriage of Treponema denticola and its association with demographic variables in the etiopathogenesis of chronic periodontitis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ninety-seven chronic periodontitis (CP) patients and a control group of 51 healthy subjects (HC) were selected. Periodontal status was assessed by criteria based on probing depth, ...
Turker Sebnem Begum - - 2010
Oral mucosal lesions may represent acute or chronic reactions to factors related with dentures. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of the oral lesions related to gender, age, the length of time of denture usage, the balance of denture and cleaning methods and frequency. The 106 ...
Jain Manish - - 2009
The main objective of the study was to determine the oral hygiene levels and periodontal status among Jain monks attending a Chaturmass in Udaipur, India. To date, no study has been conducted on Jain monks. The study comprises of 180 subjects and the overall response rate was 76% among them. ...
Kumar Santhosh - - 2009
It is evident from literature that an increased body mass index (BMI) may be a potential risk factor for periodontitis. Association between BMI and periodontitis has been ascribed to unhealthy dietary patterns with insufficient micronutrients and excess sugar and fat content. The present study population has been plagued by unhealthy ...
Egwari L O - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The dynamic nature of oro-facial infections made it imperative to study the epidemiology of gingivitis and periodontitis which are significant clinical conditions in the Nigerian environment. METHODS: The clinical and microbiological features of 162 patients with periodontal diseases (gingivitis 68, periodontitis 94) were analysed. The advantage of routine antibiotic ...
Santos Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate caries experience in individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) who have oromotor dysfunction and relate it to age and dietary consistency. Noninstitutionalized individuals with CP (n = 108) aged 4-19 years (mean: 10 years, 1 month +/- SD 4 years, 5 months) were ...
Pradeep A R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL)-18 is a proinflammatory cytokine of the IL-1 superfamily and is unique, with the capacity to induce T-helper (Th)1 or Th2 differentiation depending on the immunologic context. Monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 is a CC chemokine responsible for chemotaxis of monocytes. A previous study showed the induction of MCP-1 ...
Eiffler Constantin - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate, for both genders and two elderly age groups, differences in lightness, chroma, and hue of pairs of natural anterior teeth, so that more accurate information on color would be available for the production of dentures with a natural appearance. The subjects in ...
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