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Results 351 - 400 of 621
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Sakurakichi Keisuke - - 2002
To evaluate the indices used to compare the results of limb lengthening with distraction osteogenesis, we analyzed the relationship between the lengthening and external fixation period in a series of 28 patients (30 limbs). The average lengthening was 4.6 cm (range, 2.0-8.9). The average age at operation was 16.6 years ...
Pavlin D J - - 2001
We performed this study to determine whether instituting monitoring of bispectral index (BIS) throughout an entire operating room would affect end-tidal gas concentration (as a surrogate for anesthetic use) or speed of recovery after outpatient surgery. Primary caregivers (n = 69) were randomly assigned to a BIS or non-BIS Control ...
Arellano-Martínez M - - 2001
Annual variation and relationship between the gonadosomatic index (IG) and the condition index (K) of Holacanthus passer were evaluated in 194 specimens from Cueva de León, Gulf of California (24 degrees 02' N, 110 degrees 24' W). There was a significant negative correlation between IG and K in both sexes: ...
Mitnitski A B - - 2001
This paper develops a method for appraising health status in elderly people. A frailty index was defined as the proportion of accumulated deficits (symptoms, signs, functional impairments, and laboratory abnormalities). It serves as an individual state variable, reflecting severity of illness and proximity to death. In a representative database of ...
Hans M G - - 2001
Craniofacial and anthropometric characteristics are identified risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Phase 1 of this study used cephalometric radiographs to record craniofacial measurements from 60 OSAS subjects with a respiratory disturbances index (RDI) of 20 or greater (group A) and 60 subjects with a history of loud ...
Niroumand M - - 2001
We wished to determine if obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased left ventricular mass (LVM) and impaired left ventricular diastolic function (LVDF) independently of coexisting obesity, hypertension (HTN), and diabetes mellitus (DM). Patients without primary cardiac disease, referred for evaluation of OSA (n = 533), had overnight polysomnography ...
FRANCISCO J. VEGA
More than thirty complete specimens of Carcineretes planetarius Vega, Feldmann, Ocampo, and Pope, 1997, a member of the extinct decapod family Carcineretidae, have been collected from the upper part of the Ocozocuautla Formation in Chiapas, southeast Mexico. Stratigraphic occurrences of Carcineretes in the Caribbean Province suggest that this crab should ...
Elisabeth Lundkvist
We investigated diving beetle (Dytiscidae) assemblages in twelve wetlands in an agricultural landscape in southeastern Sweden. Beetles were trapped in wetlands that varied in permanence (temporary or permanent), area (25 to 4,800 m2), age (11 to >50 yr), and shading (open to wooded surroundings). Our objective was to determine if ...
Piccirillo G - - 2001
Aging reduces cardiac baroreflex sensitivity. Our primary aim in the present study was to assess the effects of aging on cardiac baroreflex sensitivity, as determined by power spectral analysis (alpha index), in a large population of healthy subjects. We also compared the alpha indexes determined by power spectral analysis with ...
Berriatua E - - 2001
The relationship between Psoroptes ovis infestation and the nocturnal rubbing and lying behaviour of sheep was examined as part of a longitudinal study of sheep scab. A total of 40 non-infested, scab-naïve sheep were divided into six groups of between 6 and 20 individuals and each group was subsequently penned ...
Pivalizza E G - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To quantify global coagulation and establish normal ranges for the celite-activated thrombelastograph (TEG) in healthy pediatric patients. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Operating suite of a university-based hospital. PATIENTS: 110 healthy pediatric patients in four age groups and 25 healthy adult patients. INTERVENTIONS: Blood sampling for the celite-activated ...
Bellinger D C - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: In a randomized single-center trial, we compared developmental and neurologic outcomes at 1 and 2 to 4 years of age in children who underwent reparative cardiac operations at less than 9 months of age after use of the alpha-stat versus pH-stat strategy during deep hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Among ...
Unfer V - - 2001
Fifty healthy, voluntary patients aged between 20 and 30 years with regular menstruation and plasmatic progesterone level >10 ng/ml at the midluteal phase have been enrolled in this study. They were randomly treated with clomiphene citrate (CC; group A) or CC + ethinyl estradiol (0.05 mg group B, or 0.02 ...
Albanese E - - 2000
We carried out four experiments to assess the extent to which familiarity with certain objects in everyday life is related to gender and can account, at least partially, for the semantic category dissociation observed in a few brain-damaged patients. In the first experiment, 210 normal subjects, half males and half ...
Carmelli D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is an important etiologic factor in sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), but the extent to which changes in obesity across adult life contribute independently to SDB in old age has not been studied. In this study, we examined the association between changes in obesity from midlife to late adulthood and ...
DONG HEE KIM
The trilobite genus Jujuyaspis Kobayashi, 1936, an index fossil of earliest Ordovician age, is recorded from the Yosimuraspis Zone of the Mungok Formation (Lower Ordovician) for the first time in Korea. The Yosimuraspis Zone comprises Yosimuraspis vulgaris Kobayashi, 1960; Jujuyaspis sinensis Zhou in Chen et al., 1980; Elkanaspis jilinensis Qian ...
Lunding J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the sensitivity and specificity of isoelectric focusing (IEF) with immunofixation, agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE) and the IgG index in detecting intrathecally synthesized IgG in multiple sclerosis (MS) and in other nervous system disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum from 147 patients with various nervous ...
Gotoh E - - 2000
A radiologic study was conducted on 56 patients with developmental dislocation of the hip (63 hips). Fifty hips in which neither acetabular nor femoral osteotomy was performed were classified as satisfactory (Severin Groups I and II) or unsatisfactory (Severin Groups III and IV) based on radiographs when growth was completed. ...
Igbigbi P S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ischiopubic index in adult black Malawians. DESIGN: A retrospective study on patients investigated in two hospitals and skeletal specimens from the College of Medicine, University of Malawi. SETTING: Radiographs of pelvis were collected from the archives of Queen Elizabeth Central and Seventh Day Adventist Hospitals in ...
Nelson J A - - 2000
We have used a V3-specific heteroduplex tracking assay (V3-HTA) with probes from two different human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtypes to examine the extent and pace of HIV-1 evolution late in infection. Twenty-four subjects with advanced HIV-1 infection (CD4(+) T-cell count, <100/microl) and stable viral loads were studied using ...
Cava F - - 2000
The biological variation of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and soluble interleukin 2 receptor (sIL2R), measured by automated enzyme immunoassay, in fifteen subjects studied at regular monthly intervals over a period of 6 consecutive months was measured. The mean and standard deviation (SD), within-subject CV, between-subject CV, individuality index (II) and reliability ...
Plebani M - - 2000
Analytical and biological variability of three bone markers, deoxypyridinoline (DPD), CrossLaps (CTx) and galactosylhydroxylysine (GHYL) were compared. From 14 healthy subjects (six women, eight men; age 29-44 years) recruited from our laboratory staff, two sets of samples of early morning urine were obtained - four samples taken weekly for 4 ...
Robbins J M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To assess the agreement between proxy informants' reports of history of surgery and childbirth and older index subjects' own recall. DESIGN: Interrater reliability study. SETTING: An outpatient family medicine clinic and a provincial electoral district in Montreal, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-two subjects aged 65 years and older without cognitive impairment, ...
Ethunandan M - - 2000
In this study we evaluated the role of Doppler sonography in the assessment of central mandibular blood flow. We assessed the characteristics of blood flow in the mental artery, the larger terminal branch of the inferior alveolar artery, in 30 healthy volunteers equally distributed in the age groups 20-39, 40-59 ...
Goh S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine age, gender, and segmental trends in thoracic vertebral body shape, utilising thoracic spine magnetic resonance images involving an age range spanning the life span. DESIGN: A quantitative, cross-sectional, retrospective study design involving a sample of convenience. BACKGROUND: Thoracic vertebral shape data ...
Crawford T O - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) is a rare disorder with many distinctive neurologic features. Although there is substantial individual variation in the rate of progression of these features, their relationship to one another or to age has not been characterized. METHODS: We formulated and tested multiple elements that assess different neurologic ...
Cooper S - - 2000
The aim of this investigation was to establish whether the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need is reliable over time between the ages of 11 and 19 years. It consisted of a longitudinal sample of 314 11- and 15-year-old and 142 19-year-old subjects who had not received orthodontic treatment or extractions. ...
Katoh T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with a reduction in anesthetic requirements. The effects of age on the electroencephalographic response to inhalational anesthesia have not been well documented. The objective of the present study was to determine the influence of age on hypnotic requirement and electroencephalographic derivatives such as bispectral index and ...
Kumar J V - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This report describes the interexaminer reliability achieved using Dean's Index in a study of dental fluorosis, and shows the effect on kappa values of assigning different weights to the various components of Dean's Index. METHODS: Three dentists conducted replicate fluorosis examinations on 202 children in Newburgh and Kingston, NY. ...
Tong M - - 2000
The upper airway narrowing and changes in head posture and their relationship with apnea severity in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) were investigated. In 86 male OSA patients and 37 healthy men, one-night polysomnographic examination was performed and a lateral cephalogram by digital image processing system was taken in ...
Fashui H - - 2000
Attempts were made to promote germination of natural aged rice seeds by treating them with lanthanum nitrate. In tests to measure the germination rate, germination index, and vigor index of natural aged rice seeds were found to be significantly increased by lanthanum. It is treating aged rice seed with lanthanum ...
Ando Y - - 1999
Results indicated that both subjective time durations, one day and three years, are well described by the normal distribution if the time scale is logarithmic rather than linear. A remarkable finding obtained here is that in reference to the mean subjective time duration of the junior high school (three years), ...
Eto G - - 1999
A Doppler index combining systolic and diastolic time intervals (Tei index) has been reported to be useful for assessing global left ventricular (LV) function and predicting clinical outcome in adult patients with LV dysfunction. However, normal values in children and age-related changes in the index have not yet been clarified. ...
Zaffaroni E - - 1999
Abomasal helminths of 81 adult female ibex (Capra ibex ibex) from Piz Albris colony (CH) culled monthly from December 1989 to May 1991 were analyzed. Subjects were divided into six quarterly groups (I: December 1989-February 1990; II: March-May 1990; III: June-August 1990; IV: September-November 1990; V: December 1990-February 1991; VI: ...
Rossi R - - 1999
Venography is the diagnostic method of choice for end-point measurement in multicenter trials on the prevention of postoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The aim of the study was to determine the inter-observer agreement between the local and central assessment of venographies in a multicenter trial comparing enoxaparin and placebo in ...
Igibigbi P S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To establish plantar and digital dermatoglyphic patterns. DESIGN: Cross sectional study of randomly selected Black Malawian subjects. SETTING: Able-bodied indigenous Black subjects were recruited from secondary schools and the College of Medicine in Blantyre city. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Dankmeijer's index (DI) and the pattern intensity (PII) indices were determined ...
Soliman N - - 1999
A cross-sectional sample of 253 ambulatory elderly Egyptians (99 males and 154 females) of minimal age, 60 y, living in the metropolitan Cairo area was investigated. Nutritional status assessment was based on body weight, mid-upper arm circumference and skinfold thickness. Additionally, three nutritional indices, namely body mass index, index of ...
Clapp J F JF - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To test the null hypothesis that the presence of a nuchal cord at delivery has no effect on neurodevelopmental performance at 1 year of age. METHODS: The offspring of 190 women with clinically normal antenatal courses were evaluated within 1 month of their first birthday by a blinded observer ...
Mensah G A GA Department of Medicine, Georgia Prevention Institute, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta 30912-3710, - - 1999
The patterns of body fat deposition in healthy youth and their relation to future development of cardiovascular disease remain incompletely understood. To further evaluate these patterns, we measured indirect indexes of central and general fat deposition in healthy adolescents (mean age 15.4+/-2.3 years) with family histories of hypertension. We examined ...
Kahn J A - - 1999
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To develop a protocol for emergency department microlaparoscopy with conscious sedation in adolescents with clinically suspected pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and to evaluate the feasibility and tolerability of microlaparoscopy in this population. DESIGN: Prospective study involving adolescents and young adults age 13 to 24 meeting clinical criteria for ...
Raj R - - 1999
Two hundred and ninety-eight normal participants were reviewed to assess finger dominance. Participants were recruited from several large hospitals across the north-west of England and the study was done under blind conditions. From the 298 people originally in the trial, six had to be excluded as the dominant finger could ...
Berriatua E - - 1999
The within flock transmission of sheep scab was studied in two trials, which lasted 14 and 12 weeks, respectively. A total of 40 non-infested, scab-naive sheep were divided into six groups of between 6 and 20 individuals. Each group was subsequently housed with a single infested index case, carrying scab ...
Heinsen H - - 1999
We estimated the total neurone number, glial number, and glial index (ratio glial cells/neurone) in the thalamic mediodorsal nucleus (MD) in seven patients suffering from Huntington's disease (HD; four males, three females, mean age 52.4 +/- 13.6 years) and age- and sex-matched controls (four males, three females, mean age 53.6 ...
Friedlander A H - - 1999
PURPOSE: Persons with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) suffer inordinately high rates of stroke, but the cause remains in doubt. Atherosclerosis (atheroma formation) of the extracranial carotid artery has been suggested as a possible cause. Because atheromas can be recognized on panoramic radiographs, this study compared their prevalence in subjects ...
Goldberger J J - - 1999
There are complex interactions between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system inputs to the sinus node. The concept of "sympathovagal balance" reflects the autonomic state resulting from the sympathetic and parasympathetic influences. Despite widespread usage of a variety of heart rate (HR) variability parameters as indexes of sympathovagal balance, no ...
Piloni V - - 1999
We assessed the reliability of anorectal angle (ARA) measurement as an index of fecal incontinence. The "posterior" ARA was measured at rest, squeezing, and straining in 69 continent and 82 incontinent subjects all complaining of various evacuation dysfunctions. The two groups were homogeneous with regard to sex distribution (48.6% vs. ...
Lin B R - - 1999
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To testify proposed endoscopic criteria in surveying intestinal metaplasia (IM), we conducted a prospective study to assess the accuracy of endoscopic diagnosis of IM correlated with histology. METHODOLOGY: Between January 1996 and July 1997, 87 subjects undergoing endoscopic examination as part of a health check-up were enrolled. Subjects whose ...
Krejza J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Only a limited number of transcranial color-coded Doppler studies have provided ranges for the normal reference values of cerebral hemodynamic parameters. These reports are not fully convergent in relation to the range of values or to the age and sex dependence of blood flow parameters. The aim of the ...
Beuter A - - 1999
To quantify rapid alternating movements (RAMs) we used a simple prototype developed in our laboratory that requires the subject to rotate two hand-held foam spheres connected to optical encoders via flexible rods. Ninety-six participants, including 30 control subjects, 36 Cree subjects exposed to methylmercury, 21 subjects with Parkinson's disease, 6 ...
Giasuddin A S - - 1998
This study characterised the levels of serum immunoglobulin G (IgG), cerebrospinal fluid IgG (CSF IgG) and IgG index as an aid to the diagnosis and prognosis of acute bacterial meningitis (ABM). A total of 28 patients with proven ABM at admission (age range: one month to 10 years; 17 males, ...
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