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Results 301 - 350 of 619
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Huang Yu-Chi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between flexible flatfoot and plantar fasciitis. METHODS: Twenty-three subjects with flexible flatfoot and 23 subjects with normal arched feet were enrolled. Footprint analysis was used to evaluate the foot conditions in both groups to calculate the individual arch index. ...
Yuasa Hidemichi - - 2004
PURPOSE: This paper is intended as an investigation of the relationship between preoperative findings and short-term outcome in third molar surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed 153 consecutive surgical extractions of mandibular third molars performed in 140 patients between April 1998 and March 2001. RESULTS: Fifty-four (35%) of the 153 ...
Mitnitski Arnold B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: While on average health declines with age, it also becomes more variable with age. As a consequence of this marked variability, it becomes more important as people age to have a means of summarizing health status, but how precisely to do so remains controversial. We developed one measure of ...
Sunil T M - - 2004
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to obtain clinical indicators of normal relative thumb length in adults. METHODS: Fifty two normal hands in 26 volunteers were analyzed. There were 10 women and 16 men. The average age was 34 years (range, 23-47 years). Eighteen of the volunteers (36 hands) were Chinese ...
Black F Owen - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the occurrence of benign paroxysmal positional nystagmus in subjects undergoing treatment with potentially ototoxic medications. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective and retrospective record reviews. SETTING: Tertiary referral neurotology clinic; clinical research and technology center. SUBJECTS: Ninety-nine hospitalized subjects undergoing treatment of infectious disease or carcinoma with potentially ototoxic medications. ...
Lam Bing - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between cephalometric parameters, upper airway morphological factors and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in Chinese subjects. DESIGN: Polysomnogram (PSG) were performed and scored using standard criteria. Supine lateral cephalometric parameters and pharyngeal cross-sectional areas at the level of velopharynx (VA) and hypopharynx (HA) were measured from ...
Spencer Kirk T - - 2004
Despite its clinical use as a sensitive measure of left ventricular performance, little is known about whether the Tei index is influenced by aging. We determined the Tei index in 141 subjects without cardiovascular disease (age 16-78 years). There were statistically significant variations in ejection time, isovolumic relaxation time, and ...
Valdés Ana Elisa - - 2004
Phytohormones, which are responsible for certain age-related changes in plants, play a major role throughout maturation and ageing. Previous results dealing with this topic allowed us to describe an ageing and vigour index in Pinus radiata based on a ratio between different forms of cytokinins (Cks). The aim of the ...
Kantarci Fatih - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quantitative measurement of diaphragmatic motion in healthy subjects and to investigate the effects of different variables such as body mass index and waist circumference on the diaphragmatic motion. METHODS: The study included 164 healthy subjects. The subjects were grouped according to age, sex, body mass index, ...
Daunt Stephen W - - 2004
PURPOSE: The Haller index is an accepted CT method for evaluating thoracic dimensions in patients with pectus excavatum. The purpose of this study is to establish age- and gender-related norms for the Haller index in childhood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 574 consecutive chest CT examinations (M=285, F=289) performed ...
FUMIO KOBAYASHI
A limestone block in the Shirokawa-Nomura area of western Shikoku (Japan) is interpreted to have been originated as a Panthalassan seamount, and is assigned to the northern part of the Southern Chichibu Terrane. The Late Permian foraminiferal fauna from this block is composed of 33 species, and is characterized by ...
Kamal Ibrahim - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Anatomic narrowing of the pharyngeal airway increases the relative negative pressure generated during inspiration, thus affecting the dynamic behavior of the upper airway. The aim of this work was to measure pharyngeal area in snoring patients with and without obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), as categorized by polysomnography and by ...
Lindestad Per-Ake - - 2004
To investigate the prevalence of asymmetries at vocal fold adduction, 109 vocally healthy subjects between 22 and 80 years of age were examined. All subjects were examined with a rigid endoscope and video recorded. The recordings were analysed off line by two laryngologists. Seventy percent of the subjects displayed some ...
Adams Kathryn Betts - - 2004
Socioemotional selectivity and gerotranscendence, newer theories with roots in the disengagement theory of aging, provided the theoretical framework for a new measure of perceived change in investment in a variety of pursuits. The 30-item Change in Activity and Interest Index (CAII) was given to a sample of 327 outpatients aged ...
Litscher G - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sensory (acupressure and acupuncture) and optical stimulation (Laserneedle acupuncture) on electroencephalographic bispectral index, spectral edge frequency and a verbal sedation score. METHODS: Twenty-five healthy volunteers (mean age +/- SD: 25.5 +/- 4.0yr) were investigated during ...
Editor Production - - 2003
Titles are indexed alphabetically under the appropriate subject terms.
Smith Felicity B - - 2003
To determine changes over time in the ankle brachial index (ABI) among subjects with and without intermittent claudication in the general population. Population cohort study. General population in Edinburgh, Scotland. A total of 1592 men and women aged 55 to 74 years selected at random from age-sex registers of 11 ...
Beatty William W - - 2003
A sample of 278 men and 353 elderly women who resided in the community received the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) as part of a study of health in mature adult Oklahomans. Females attained significantly higher scores on the Immediate and Delayed Memory and the Language ...
Valdés Ana Elisa - - 2003
Markers for ageing or maturation in woody plants provides the possibility of identifying genotypes with a prolonged juvenile phase, or to evaluate reinvigoration procedures, such as grafting of adult material. This study focuses specifically on cytokinins (Cks) as markers, due to their role in the transition process from juvenile to ...
Rodrigues J A - - 2003
The aim of the present study is to assess the behaviour of different motivation methods on levels of oral hygiene among schoolchildren aged from 7 to 9 years in Araraquara, SP, Brazil. The methods tested were: indirect instruction using 'The Smiling Robot' (group I), indirect instruction through class presentation (group ...
Bello-Ramírez Angélica M - - 2003
Aconitum roots are traditionally prescribed for the management of different types of painful affections in Asiatic countries. A quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis was performed to study the effect of chemical substitutes in the analgesic potency of alkaloids available in Chinese Aconitum roots. Using the CAChe program package for biomolecules, ...
Bellizzi V - - 2003
To define whether reference values for bioimpedance analysis (BIA) can be predicted in healthy individuals, individual characteristics and BIA variables (resistance index=height(2)/parallel resistance and reactance index= height(2)/parallel reactance) were evaluated in non-obese healthy individuals: 863 men and 769 women with an age range 20-70 years and body mass index (BMI) ...
Zhang Yong - - 2003
To explore how the stiffness index of the calcaneus is related to lifestyle factors, we examined the associations of lifestyle factors, age, and years since menopause, with stiffness index of the calcaneus among 573 community-dwelling Japanese women aged 40-89 years. Stiffness index of the calcaneus was obtained from quantitative ultrasound ...
Lock Guntram - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ultrasonographic determination of gallbladder motility is sparsely performed in clinical practice as the examination is considered to be time consuming and there is uncertainty about a number of parameters possibly influencing the results. The aims of this study were a) to establish normal values for a simple ultrasonographic test ...
Corlan A D - - 2003
Women have a higher risk of developing torsade de pointes under OT-prolonging conditions. The electrophysiological differences between the sexes that could account for this are largely unknown. The objective of the work was to evaluate gender differences in repolarisation potentials using a method that is independent of the specific electrical ...
Millasseau Sandrine C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Indices of pressure wave reflection (RI(DVP)) and large artery stiffness (SI(DVP)) can be derived from the digital volume pulse (DVP). Indices obtained from the second derivative of the DVP have also been proposed to characterize vascular aging and effects of vasoactive drugs. METHODS: We compared RI(DVP) and SI(DVP) with ...
Allen John - - 2003
It is accepted that older subjects have increasing arterial stiffness resulting in changes in the propagation of the pulse to the periphery, and thereby influencing the peripheral pulse timing and shape characteristics. However, this age association with pulse shape is less clear in younger subjects and for different peripheral measurement ...
Ba┼čar H - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The bispectral index, a parameter derived from the electroencephalograph, has been shown to correlate with the loss of consciousness and sedation. This study was designed to assess the effects of bispectral index monitoring on sevoflurane and its recovery profiles. METHODS: Sixty ASA I and II patients undergoing ...
Swaminathan Sethuraman - - 2003
Tissue Doppler echocardiographic imaging (TDI) is a novel method for accurately evaluating ventricular function. Currently, scant data are available on the distribution of tissue Doppler indexes in healthy children in the age range of 1 to 18 years. The aims of this study were to assess the distribution of tissue ...
De Roos Nicole M - - 2003
Flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) of the brachial artery is used as a marker of cardiovascular disease risk. It is defined as the percentage dilation from the baseline diameter in response to a provoked increase in blood flow. The within-subject variability, crucial in the design of trials with FMD as an endpoint, ...
Editor Production - - 2002
Titles are indexed alphabetically under the appropriate subject terms.
Lin Z-Y - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We investigated the influence of posture change on intrarenal arterial resistive index measurement in 80 subjects (38 male, 42 female). METHODS: Three interlobar arteries in the superior, middle, and inferior parts of the right kidney in each subject were examined by color Doppler ultrasound in two different positions (left ...
Igbigbi P S - - 2002
The footprint ratio or arch index is the ratio of the middle third of the toeless footprint to the total toeless footprint area. This ratio was determined in an indigenous Malawian population to classify the foot arch type and the incidence of pes planus. The dynamic footprints of 305 able-bodied ...
Teculescu Dan - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of occasional snoring in a group of middle-aged men, and to compare anthropometric variables and prevalence of sleep-related symptoms of subjects who occasionally snore with those of other snoring categories. DESIGN: A field survey of a sample of middle-aged men in France. PARTICIPANTS: Male ...
Nadler Martine A MA Department of Physiology, Gower St., University College London, London WC1E 6BT, - - 2002
Changes in cutaneomuscular reflex responses (CMRs) have been studied in relation to normal ageing in man. Multiunit surface EMG signals were recorded from right and left first dorsal interosseous (1DI) hand muscles from 23 elderly adults (mean age 71.1, range 58-88 years) and 11 young adults (mean age 25.9, range ...
Sjöström C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported an association between sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and hypertension (HT) but there is still a debate as to whether this is an effect of confounders. Some researchers have found an age dependent relationship between SDB and HT with higher risk at lower ages. A case-control ...
Li Shuhua - - 2002
To investigate the major factors associated with the development of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) by logistic step regression analysis. Fifty-nine patients with OSAS and 57 normal adults were included in the study. The dependent was whether the subject had OSAS, and the independents included age, sex, body mass index ...
Lewis C P - - 2002
The atlas of Greulich and Pyle for skeletal maturity and epiphyseal closure is widely used in many countries to assess skeletal age and to plan orthopaedic surgery. The data used to compile the atlas were collected from institutionalised American children in the 1950s. In order to determine whether the atlas ...
Kulaksiz Gülnihal - - 2002
This study was planned for the purpose of investigating the effect of hand preference on hand anthropometric measurements, with the participation of 393 healthy university students. The hand preference direction of the subjects was established according to the Edinburgh Inventory, and five hand preference determination groups were constituted after calculation ...
Young Terry - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is common, but largely undiagnosed in the general population. Information on demographic patterns of SDB occurrence and its predictive factors in the general population is needed to target high-risk groups that may benefit from diagnosis. METHODS: The sample comprised 5615 community-dwelling men and women aged between ...
Bruch Christian - - 2002
Significant mitral regurgitation (MR) may result from primary valve dysfunction or develop secondary to ischemic or dilated cardiomyopathy. The index 'isovolumic contraction time and isovolumic relaxation time divided by ejection time' (ICT + IRT/ET, 'Tei-index') is a well established measure of global cardiac function in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and ...
Peters Michael - - 2002
The fingers in the adult human hand differ in length and in distal extent. The literature agrees that in the clear majority of males, the distal extent of the ring finger tends to be relatively greater (using the middle finger as standard) than the index finger. However, the results for ...
Evereklioglu Cem - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To present norms and demonstrate the anthropometric variations in fronto-occipital circumference, inner and outer canthal distances, near and distant [far] anatomical interpupillary distance, canthal index, and circumference-interorbital index across age and sex in urban Turkish subjects. PARTICIPANTS: Three thousand four hundred forty-eight subjects (1852 male, 1596 female) aged 7 ...
Mitnitski Arnold B - - 2002
People age at remarkably different rates, but how to estimate trajectories of senescence is controversial. In a secondary analysis of a representative cohort of Canadians aged 65 and over (n = 2914) we estimated a frailty index based on the proportion of 20 deficits observed in a structured clinical examination. ...
Rome Keith - - 2002
Thirty-three runners were clinically diagnosed with plantar heel pain (PHP) and 107 runners were designated into a non-PHP group (NPHP). Cases were matched with a further control group of 64 subjects with regard to body mass index and age. A weight-bearing platform measured heel pad thickness by real-time ultrasound scanning. ...
Wendelin-Saarenhovi M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyse the association of ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) to left ventricular mass (LVM) in a population aged over 64 years and to describe the level of ABP in subjects with and without left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in older age. METHODS: ABP measurement ...
Fashui Hong - - 2002
Attempts were made to promote germination of naturally and artificially aged rice seeds by treating them with cerium nitrate. The germination rate, germination index, and vigor index of aged rice seed were significantly increased by cerium. It was because the treatments of aged rice seed with cerium nitrate enhanced respiratory ...
Nakagawa Masanori - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish a statistical diagnostic method to identify patients with Minamata disease (MD) considering factors of aging and sex, we analyzed the neurological findings in MD patients, inhabitants in a methylmercury polluted (MP) area, and inhabitants in a non-MP area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared the neurological findings in ...
Sakurakichi Keisuke - - 2002
To evaluate the indices used to compare the results of limb lengthening with distraction osteogenesis, we analyzed the relationship between the lengthening and external fixation period in a series of 28 patients (30 limbs). The average lengthening was 4.6 cm (range, 2.0-8.9). The average age at operation was 16.6 years ...
Pavlin D J - - 2001
We performed this study to determine whether instituting monitoring of bispectral index (BIS) throughout an entire operating room would affect end-tidal gas concentration (as a surrogate for anesthetic use) or speed of recovery after outpatient surgery. Primary caregivers (n = 69) were randomly assigned to a BIS or non-BIS Control ...
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