Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 622
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Olafsdottir Halla B HB Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, - - 2008
We tested the ability of healthy elderly persons to use anticipatory synergy adjustments (ASAs) prior to a self-triggered perturbation of one of the fingers during a multifinger force production task. An index of a force-stabilizing synergy was computed reflecting covariation of commands to fingers. The subjects produced constant force by ...
Walsh Jennifer H - - 2008
This study compared shape, size and length of the pharyngeal airway in individuals with and without obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) using a novel endoscopic imaging technique, anatomical optical coherence tomography (aOCT). The study population comprised a preliminary study group of 20 OSA patients and a subsequent controlled study group of ...
Ostojic Predrag - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to estimate the value of the Scleroderma Assessment Questionnaire (SAQ) to demonstrate change in patients (pts) with systemic sclerosis (SSc) over time. METHODS: Sixty pts with SSc were evaluated at two occasions, 12 months apart. Pts were divided into three subgroups according to criteria of improved, ...
Fjeldstad Anette S - - 2008
The aim of this study is to examine the effect of age on large and small arterial compliance in apparently healthy adults, and to determine whether this effect is independent of body mass index. The subjects consisted of 126 men and women, aged 45 years and above. The subjects rested ...
Matsui Yoshio - - 2008
It has been established that a positive association exists between the augmentation index (AIx) and left ventricular mass (LVM) in hypertensives, but it remains unclear whether this association is affected by age or gender. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of age and gender on the ...
Spielholz Peregrin - - 2008
This study evaluated two subjective assessment methods for physical work-related musculoskeletal disorder (WMSD) risk factors. A total of 567 participants from 12 companies in the manufacturing and health care industries were evaluated using the hand activity level (HAL) threshold limit value (TLV) and the Strain Index. Inter-rater reliability comparisons were ...
PĹ‚ywaczewski Robert - - 2008
Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a frequent disorder; however, the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing is not well known in many countries. The aim of our investigation was to assess the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in a representative sample of the population of Warsaw. We studied 676 subjects (57.1% ...
Almeida L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that trait-curiosity and perceived self-efficacy influence the willingness of healthy subjects to volunteer for participation in Phase I studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of healthy subjects who had never participated in clinical studies ("index group") were invited to participate in a Phase I study. ...
Shariati Nastaran Hesam - - 2008
Bilateral PPG signals have been used for comparative study of two groups of healthy (free from any cardiovascular risk factors) and diabetic (as cardiovascular disease risk group) subjects in the age-matched range 40-50 years. The peripheral blood pulsations were recorded simultaneously from right and left index fingers for 90 s. ...
Bo Mario - - 2009
The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) increases with advancing age. However, aging per se is associated with increased prevalence of most of the abnormalities contributing to the MS. Whether MS in older people consistently identifies a true pathophysiological entity or a casual aggregation of aging-associated metabolic abnormalities, remains to ...
Moudgil Rohan - - 2008
Identification of an individual is of paramount importance in forensic investigations. The dimensions of the foot can be used for the determination of sex and stature of an individual in forensic investigations. No systematic studies are available on the determination of sex from foot measurements of North Indians. Therefore, foot ...
Tarasiuk Ariel - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether elderly subjects with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) had different morbidity and health care utilization than elderly subjects without OSA and middle-aged patients with OSA 2 years before diagnosis. DESIGN: Case-control study between January 2001 and April 2003. SETTING: Two sleep-wake disorders centers. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred fifty-eight ...
Hann, David W.
Summaries from 49 published articles on site-index and dominant-heightgrowth curves and equations are presented for 20 tree species or species groups found in California, Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, southeastern Alaska, Idaho, and western Montana. The summaries are organized by species. Each summary describes the modeling approach, type of curves/ equations, ...
Mart?nez-Garc?a M A - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of the number of respiratory sleep disorders or clinically related conditions (especially excessive daytime sleepiness [EDS]), on health related quality of life (HRQoL) in subjects over 65 years of age, as compared to younger subjects and the general population. METHODS: Two hundred and twelve ...
Pereira, José Roberto
Post-mortem studies were conducted on twenty equids (16 horses and four mules) of the Paraíba Valley, during a period of twelve years (1988 to 2000) in order to establish the ecological descriptors of the different species of small strongylids (Subfamily Cyathostominae, Tribe Cyathostominea). Samples of 10% of total gastrointestinal content ...
Kahn Mon-Te - - 2008
The main purpose of this study was to establish a data bank of orbital vasculature hemodynamics as assessed by color Doppler imaging (CDI) for normal Taiwanese. In addition, we compared the hemodynamic variables in subjects with a healthy orbital vasculature and 10 patients with various orbital disorders. From 1994 to ...
Almeida John A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of lactose malabsorption (LM) is increased in the elderly, although the mechanisms responsible are still a matter of speculation. The objective of this study was to investigate the possible roles of reduced functional small intestinal absorptive area, lactase deficiency and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). MATERIAL AND ...
Searle Samuel D SD Geriatric Medicine Research Unit, Dalhousie University & Capital District Health Authority, Halifax, Canada. - - 2008
Frailty can be measured in relation to the accumulation of deficits using a frailty index. A frailty index can be developed from most ageing databases. Our objective is to systematically describe a standard procedure for constructing a frailty index. This is a secondary analysis of the Yale Precipitating Events Project ...
Baysal Ayse - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the use of the bispectral index for monitoring sedation during cardiac catheterization. The scores for the bispectral index may not reflect correct values in children, but may be helpful during titration of sedatives such as midazolam and ketamine. METHODS: We conducted a prospective randomized clinical trial in ...
Fryback Dennis G - - 2007
A number of indexes measuring self-reported generic health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) using preference-weighted scoring are used widely in population surveys and clinical studies in the United States. To obtain age-by-gender norms for older adults on 6 generic HRQoL indexes in a cross-sectional US population survey and compare age-related trends in HRQoL. ...
Ferri Raffaele - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and statistically describe the age-related changes in leg movements (LMs) during sleep in a large group of subjects with restless legs syndrome (RLS). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred eight untreated patients affected by idiopathic RLS were included in this study (mean ...
Banabilh Saeed M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) has been described as a public health problem comparable to smoking in its impacts upon society. OBJECTIVE: To compare the differences in cranial base and airway morphology in Malay adults with and without OSA using finite element analysis (FEM). METHOD: Lateral skull radiographs of 38 ...
Ibrahim Abdulsalam Saif - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Snoring is a commong problem that poses a high risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We studied the contribution of risk factors for OSA in snorers for full-night polysomnography (PSG). METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to subjects referred for PSG in the period from April 2002 to March 2005. ...
Nelson D - - 2007
The deformity index is a new radiological measurement of the degree of deformity of the femoral head in unilateral Perthes' disease. Its values represent a continuous outcome measure of deformity incorporating changes in femoral epiphyseal height and width compared with the unaffected side. The sphericity of the femoral head in ...
Reuveni H - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to explore morbidity and healthcare utilisation among young adult males with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) compared with middle-aged OSA patients over the 5-yr period preceding diagnosis. A prospective case-control study was performed; 117 young (22-39-yr-old) males with OSA were matched with 117 middle-aged ...
Michelson Georg - - 2007
The harmonic content of the envelope waveform of the blood flow velocity in the ophthalmic artery was analyzed in aging and arterial hypertension. The case-control study enrolled 98 healthy men (age: 44.0+/-15.6 years), 100 healthy women (age: 44.5+/-19.1 years), which is group 1, and overall 199 hypertensive patients with increased ...
Sun Li-Tao - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the blood flow characteristics of intracranial vertebral-basilar artery (V-BA) in healthy Chinese adults with transcranial color Doppler flow imaging (TCDFI) and provide reference values of healthy people of different ages and genders. METHODS: Three hundred healthy Chinese adults were divided into ...
Ursavas Ahmet - - 2007
The aim of this study was to compare serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) levels in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) with those of nonapneic controls and to determine the risk factors of low IGF-1 levels in patients with OSAS. The study included 39 newly diagnosed moderate-to-severe OSAS patients ...
Niioka Takenori - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the common time point to achieve hydroxylation index (HI: omeprazole plasma concentration/5-hydroxyomeprazole plasma concentration) reflecting AUCOPZ/AUC5OH-OPZ after intravenous (IV) and oral (PO) administration. METHODS: Twenty young and 28 elderly healthy subjects, including different CYP2C19 genotypes, were enrolled in the study. The ...
Kaya Cevdet - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The close relationship between the elasticity of the aorta and cardiovascular disease has aroused the interest of investigators in performing studies related to aortic stiffness parameters. We investigated the aortic stiffness parameters in patients with erectile dysfunction (ED) without known cardiovascular disease and diabetes were investigated. METHODS: The study ...
Echizenya Masaru - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to clarify whether subjective sleepiness accurately reflects benzodiazepine-related decline in psychomotor function after taking benzodiazepines (BZPs) in aged people. Subjects were eight healthy, young (mean age, 19.8 years) and seven healthy, older (mean age, 60.9 years) men. Placebo and diazepam (DZP) were administered ...
Nagesh K R - - 2007
Accurate sexing of skeletal remains is a vital part of any medicolegal investigation and a challenge to physical anthropologists. Hipbone is considered as the most reliable sex indicator in the human skeleton. Standards of morphological and morphometric sex differences in the skeleton may differ with the population sample involved and ...
Castroflorio Tommaso - - 2007
The aim of this work was to test the effects of the Function Generator Bite (FGB) on the masticatory muscles of temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD) subjects. Two groups were selected for the study. A group of 20 TMD patients (group F) requiring orthodontic treatment and treated with FGB and a ...
Welten G M J M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The Lee-risk index [Lee-index] was developed to predict major adverse cardiac events [MACE]. However, age is not included as a risk factor. The aim was to assess the value of the Lee-index in vascular surgery patients among different age categories. METHODS: Of 2642 patients cardiovascular risk factors were noted ...
Weiss Jeffrey P - - 2007
PURPOSE: Nocturia is caused by increased nocturnal urine output (nocturnal polyuria) and/or diminished nocturnal bladder capacity. We retrospectively evaluated the causes of nocturia in patients with overactive bladder and nocturia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 850 patients (18 years or older) with symptoms of overactive bladder (8 or more ...
Messika-Zeitoun David - - 2007
AIMS: To define accurate and normal range of echocardiographic left atrial (LA) volume measurement and to assess the prevalence, determinants, and outcome implications of LA enlargement in mitral regurgitation (MR). METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively compared LA volume obtained simultaneously by electron beam-computed tomography (EBCT) and by four echocardiographic methods ...
Sevinc Ozdemir - - 2008
We evaluated age-related changes in the morphometric features of lumbar vertebrae in both sexes using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Midsagittal MRI scans of 366 individuals (156 males, 210 females; 25-82 years old) were evaluated retrospectively. The anterior height (H(a)), central height (H(c)), posterior height (H(p)), and anteroposterior diameter (D) of ...
Tejera Alicia - - 2007
TREM-1 is an activating receptor expressed on the surface of neutrophils and mature monocytes when stimulated by bacteria or fungi, leading to amplification of the inflammatory response. Our objective is to analyze the prognostic value of serum sTREM-1 levels and other mediators of the inflammatory response, in patients hospitalized for ...
Kulminski Alexander A Center for Population Health and Aging, Duke University Population Research Institute, Trent Drive, Box 90408, Durham, NC 27708, USA. - - 2007
Cross-sectional analyses show that an index of aging-associated health/well-being deficits, called the "frailty index", can characterize the aging process in humans. This study provides support for such characterization from a longitudinal analysis of the frailty index properties. The data are from the National Long Term Care Survey assessed longitudinally health ...
Uluocak Nihat - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of transabdominal ultrasonography for bladder volume and detrusor muscle thickness and to research the relationship of these measurements with age, height, and body mass index. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 244 healthy, school-aged children from February to May 2003. After a complete urologic examination, ...
Franks Peter - - 2007
For equity, preferences used in cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) should yield similar values for different groups with similar health states. We used data from the US 2000 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, including socio-demographics, EQ-5D Index and EQ Visual Analog Scale (EQ VAS) scores, to examine whether EQ-5D Index (representing community preferences) ...
Yashin Anatoli I - - 2007
The composite index constructed from longitudinal survey data as the level of deficits accumulated by an individual (frailty index) captures important systemic aspects of deterioration in a human organism, and is an attractive candidate for studying determinants of aging and longevity. The objective of this paper was to investigate the ...
Duff Kevin - - 2007
Several neuropsychological disorders have been classified as having either "cortical" or "subcortical" profiles; however, little information is available about the frequency of these profiles in the normal population or their stability on retesting. Therefore, the current study calculated the cortical/subcortical profile index from the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of ...
Tiwari Anjali - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate facility-level variation in prescription rates of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) medications for patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective database analysis from 143 Veterans Health Administration facilities. METHODS: Subjects with DM aged 18 to 75 ...
de Torres Juan P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The BODE index was recently validated as a multidimensional tool for the evaluation of patients with COPD. The influence of gender on the BODE index has not been studied. HYPOTHESIS: The contribution of each component of the disease to the BODE index may differ according to gender. METHODS: We ...
Bitsios Panos - - 2006
The regulation of arousal and pupillary functions may be intimately linked via activity in the nucleus locus coeruleus. In this preliminary study, we tested the validity of the gradual pupillary miosis during 5 minutes in darkness, as a quantitative physiologic index of the arousal state of the brain. Cross-sectional assessment ...
Barczyk Katarzyna - - 2006
Background. The aim of our study was to assess self-correction of body posture depending on the position assumed. We made observations of the body posture of subjects in the habitual-unrestrained position and the forced erect position, and on that basis we assessed the capacity for self-correction in girls with lateral ...
Kulminski Alexander A Center for Demographic Studies, Duke University, 2117 Campus Drive, Box 90408, Durham, NC 27708, USA. - - 2006
An index of age-associated health/well-being disorders (deficits), called the "frailty index" (FI), appears to be a promising characteristic to capture dynamic variability in aging manifestations among age-peers. In this study we provide further support toward this view focusing on the analysis of the FI age patterns in the participants of ...
Mars Michael - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of the 5-year index by subjecting study models at the age of 5 years to both the 5-year index and the Goslon yardstick, and then relating these results to the Goslon ratings at 10 years. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. PATIENTS: ...
Pennestri Marie-Hélène - - 2006
Several studies have demonstrated a positive correlation between periodic leg movements during sleep (PLMS) and age in healthy subjects. However, little is known about periodic leg movements during wakefulness (PLMW) in this population. Although the definitions of PLMS and PLMW specify a typical intermovement interval of 20 to 40 seconds, ...
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