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Matos-Souza José R - - 2010
AIMS: Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is associated with aortic root (AoR) enlargement in patients with inherited connective tissue disorders. This report evaluated whether MVP is related to AoR dimension in a large population with otherwise normal echocardiographic parameters. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analysed echocardiograms performed by a single echocardiographer ...
- - 2009
Index by subject of all manuscripts published by the Journal during 2008.J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2009;39(12):907-915.
Ali Syed A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to assess the degree of patellotrochlear chondral overlap (patellotrochlear index), correlate it with the Insall-Salvati and modified Insall-Salvati indexes, and determine the association between these measurements and patellofemoral chondral defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sagittal 1.5-T and 3-T MR images of 100 consecutively registered ...
Nadanovsky Paulo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess a new impunity index and variables that have been found to predict variation in homicide rates in other geographical levels as predictive of state-level homicide rates in Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional ecological study. Data from the mortality information system relating to the 27 Brazilian states ...
Jurasić Miljenka-Jelena - - 2009
Beta stiffness index is one of the most commonly used measures of depicting mechanical arterial properties and development of preclinical atherosclerosis. Main influences on its value hold age and blood pressure levels. The goal of this study was to determine age standards of beta stiffness index on common carotid artery ...
Kimberley Teresa Jacobson - - 2009
The purpose of this paper is to describe a clearly defined manual method for calculating cortical silent period (CSP) length that can be employed successfully and reliably by raters after minimal training in subjects with focal hand dystonia (FHD) and healthy subjects. A secondary purpose was to explore intra-subject variability ...
Laurin Raphaël - - 2009
The influence of the Big Five factors on the fit between demands and abilities in soccer was examined for school and boarding home domains for newcomer trainees of soccer academies. 81 male trainees from 4 academies participated in the survey (M age = 16.3 yr., SD = 1.1). The fit ...
Oliveira Isabel Benta - - 2009
Nucella lapillus imposex and organotin tissue contamination were assessed, during 2006, at twenty sites in North Wales, between Anglesey and Shell Island on the Lleyn Peninsula. Vas Deferens Sequence Index (VDSI), Relative Penis Size Index (RPSI) and the percentage of affected females (%I) were used to assess imposex levels which ...
Khalsa Sahib S - - 2009
Aging has been shown to increase sensory thresholds for a variety of exteroceptive and proprioceptive stimuli. However, the influence of aging on interoceptive awareness has received relatively little empirical attention. Here we report an inverse association between aging and interoception, as indexed by the ability to sense the heartbeat at ...
Evans Charity D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacies vary widely in terms of ownership structures, location, and dispensing policies. It is unknown if an association exists between the type of community pharmacy and the degree of medication adherence exhibited by patrons-patients. OBJECTIVE: To describe adherence to statin therapy among subjects patronizing different types of community ...
Howard N Scott - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare subjective and objective tonsil size measurements (weight, volume, intertonsillar distance) along with simple pharyngeal measurements in the prediction of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) severity. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Tonsil size (0-4+) and Mallampati/Friedman palate position were subjectively measured. During adenotonsillectomy, ...
Kowalski Michal - - 2009
PURPOSE: The assay of the ferric reducing ability of tears (FRAT) can be useful for monitoring ocular antioxidant capacity in clinical settings. FRAT diurnal variation was evaluated in healthy subjects and its relation with age, sex, body mass index, and ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) were studied. MATERIAL AND ...
Reddy Emmadi V - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is not well studied among Indians. We sought to determine the prevalence and risk factors of OSA in a middle-aged urban Indian population. METHODS: We conducted a two-stage, cross-sectional, community-based study in four different socioeconomic zones ...
Roberson David A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Doppler tissue imaging (DTI)-derived mitral annular systolic peak S-wave velocity (S') correlates with left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF). The authors hypothesized that DTI mitral annular displacement, which is equal to the velocity-time integral of the DTI S' wave, might be superior to S' to analyze LV systolic function. ...
Hubbard Ruth E - - 2009
Inflammation in patients defined as frail by Fried's phenotypic definition may be related to sarcopenia. This study aimed to investigate inflammation in older patients across different frailty criteria. Frailty status was determined in 110 patients aged over 75 years (mean 83.9 years) according to function (dependent, intermediate, independent); Fried (three ...
Nicopoulou Stamatina C - - 2009
In this large series of 349 unselected men, no significant relationship between body mass index and total sperm count was found. Thus, the association of body mass index and sperm count reported in some studies was not confirmed.
Hughes Alun D - - 2009
Recent studies have shown that changes in the retinal microvasculature predict cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, little is known regarding influences on the retinal microvasculature in healthy people without overt cardiovascular or metabolic disease. We used a semiautomated computerized technique to analyze digitized retinal photographs from a total of 167 healthy ...
Liu Yinbo - - 2009
Arterial stiffness is an important index for cardiovascular events. The objective of this study is to examine possible parameters related to arterial stiffness that can be estimated during simple arm movements. An experiment was conducted on 32 subjects divided into two groups, one with an age of 26+/-4 years old, ...
García-González José Juan - - 2009
Frailty in the elderly can be regarded as nonspecific vulnerability to adverse health outcomes, caused by multiple factors. The aim was to analyze the relationships between the frailty index, age and mortality in a two year follow up study of Mexican elderly. A frailty index was developed using 34 variables. ...
Berberoğlu Merih - - 2009
This review describes several aspects of the management of precocious puberty (PP) and variants in girls and boys. PP is characterized by early pubertal changes, acceleration of growth velocity and rapid bone maturation that often result in reduced adult height. Onset of pubertal signs before the age of 8 years ...
Sheppard Zoë A ZA Department of Human Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, United Kingdom. - - 2009
The objectives of this article were to compare the variance explained in anthropometric outcomes when using individual measures of socioeconomic status (SES) versus different approaches to create SES indices within the urban African context, and to examine the influence of SES measured during infancy on child anthropometric outcomes at 7/8 ...
Marshman Zoe - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) on young people, through their experiences of the condition and it's meaning to their everyday lives. METHODS: The theoretical framework chosen to guide the study was symbolic interactionism. Qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of people aged 10-15 years ...
Hatipoglu Hatice Gul - - 2008
It might be critical to determine sex, body mass and age of the individual from skull in forensic medicine and anthropology. Our purpose in this study was to evaluate whether a relationship existed between the diploeic bone thickness measured from glabella, bregma, lambda, opisthocranion, and euryon regions and sex, age ...
Cortínez Luis I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Age is an important determinant of the pharmacokinetic profile of inhaled anesthetics. The influence of age on the dynamic profile of sevoflurane's effect has not been well described. We performed this study to characterize the influence of age and other covariates on the dynamic relationship between sevoflurane end-tidal concentration ...
LeCarpentier Gerald L - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic performance of various Doppler ultrasonographic (US) vascularity measures in conjunction with grayscale (GS) criteria in differentiating benign from malignant breast masses, by using histologic findings as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional Review Board and HIPAA standards were followed. Seventy-eight women (average age, 49 ...
Morales Divo Carolina - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether ApneaGraph (AG) and polysomnography (PSG) deliver comparable results in patients with sleep-related breathing disorders. PROCEDURES: A prospective study was performed, which included 14 patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), hypopnea index (HI), apnea index (AI), obstructive, central and mixed apnea, oxygen saturation (SaO2), ...
Hunnargi Shahin A - - 2009
Sex determination is an important initial step in forensic investigation of unknown human skeletal remains. The present analysis is an attempt to determine the sex of the sternum using sternal index as a parameter in a Maharashtrian population of India. Sternal index is calculated in 115 adult sternums of confirmed ...
Kanchan Tanuj - - 2008
Identification of human remains is an imperative element of any medicolegal investigation, and a challenging task for forensic experts and physical anthropologists worldwide. Three hundred adult hands (150 males and 150 females) belonging to south Indian population were studied to investigate sexual dimorphism of the index and ring finger ratio. ...
Chung Seockhoon - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is considered to be associated with cardiovascular complications, and atherosclerosis could mediate this relationship. Cardiovascular risk factors of OSAS still need to be elucidated in elderly patients, since studies about the association between OSAS and cardiovascular diseases have been done mainly in middle-aged adults. ...
Asari Tomoki - - 2010
Interference by amygdalar activity in perceptual processes has been reported in many previous studies. Consistent with these reports, previous clinical studies have shown amygdalar volume change in multiple types of psychotic disease presenting with unusual perception. However, the relationship between variation in amygdalar volume in the normal population and the ...
Palo R Thomas - - 2009
Time series analysis was performed on two data series of human nephropathia epidemica (NE) infections in northern Sweden between the years 1959-1975 and 1985-2006. The analysis confirms that the bank vole (Myodes glareolus), the main reservoir species, shows regular peaks in population density approximately every fourth year. The periodicity in ...
Strydom S - - 2008
Body condition scoring (BCS) gives an indication of the nutritional status of an animal and it is thus an invaluable management tool in domestic livestock systems. It is, however, subjective. This study aimed at identifying biochemical indicators which could be objectively used as an indicator of undernutrition in ruminants. Blood ...
Pascual Huerta Javier - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the thickness of plantar fascia, measured by means of ultrasonographic evaluation in healthy, asymptomatic subjects, and its relationship to body mass index, ankle joint dorsiflexion range of motion, and foot pronation in static stance. METHODS: One hundred two feet of 51 healthy volunteers were examined. ...
Cameriere R - - 2008
This paper concerns a method for assessing adult age based on the relationship between age and the third molar maturity index (I(3M)), which is related to the measurement of the open apices of the third molar. Furthermore, this method was compared to those based on Demirjian's stages G and H. ...
Revuelta M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to validate a new level of consciousness monitor derived from the EEG, called the index of consciousness (IoC), by comparing it with the bispectral index (BIS) and the cerebral state index (CSI) during general anaesthesia for cardiac surgery using sevoflurane, remifentanil, and atracurium. ...
Masugata Hisashi - - 2008
Although pulse wave velocity is the primary indicator of arteriosclerosis and is widely used as an index of vascular age in anti-aging medicine, no index is available to quantify cardiac age. We proposed a "cardiac age" index and sought to clarify its clinical significance. The study subjects were 234 patients ...
Mizia-Stec Katarzyna - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Regardless of normal coronary angiograms, coronary artery calcium (CAC) can be found in cardiac syndrome X (CSX) patients. According to some data, a relationship between the CAC score and markers of early atherosclerosis in CSX has been observed. Our aim was to assess whether the extent of the CAC ...
Wang J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To characterize vascular lesions in SSc disease with high-resolution magnetic resonance angiography (Micro-MRA) of the finger. METHODS: Eight SSc subjects and eight age- and sex-matched healthy controls were recruited for this study. Among the SSc subjects, the mean +/- s.d. age was 54.5 +/- 4.9 yrs, and the mean ...
Oliven A - - 2008
The present study measured hypotonic pharyngeal collapsibility in subjects not known to have obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), and assessed the variables that affect collapsibility and the relationship with OSA. The critical value of positive end-expiratory pressure (P(crit)) was measured under the hypotonic condition of anaesthesia in 227 subjects who underwent ...
Noda Akiko - - 2008
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with increases in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Vascular changes in individuals with OSAS have not been fully elucidated, however. The possible impact of OSAS on the extent of aortic pressure augmentation (AG), an indicator of cardiovascular risk, was investigated. Forty-five consecutive male patients ...
Ridda Iman - - 2008
Frail older people have been systematically excluded from randomised controlled trials (RCT). We aim to recruit older, frail hospitalised patients in an RCT and evaluate the frailty index (FI) as a measure to describe the types of people included in the study. We recruited 315 hospitalised patients aged 65 years; ...
Segal Yosef - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The exact pathophysiology leading to pharyngeal collapse in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) remains incompletely understood. Prior research has shown that normal men have a longer pharyngeal airway than women, and it has been hypothesized that this difference may play a role in the gender-related differences in OSAS. In ...
Clamp Jonathan Andrew - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A study of flexibility of 101 idiopathic scoliosis antero-posterior radiographs. OBJECTIVE: To discover if there are any parameters on plain antero-posterior radiographs that can predict the flexibility of scoliosis curves. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previously the flexibility index, generated from fulcrum bending x-rays, has been shown to be ...
Olafsdottir Halla B - - 2008
We tested the ability of healthy elderly persons to use anticipatory synergy adjustments (ASAs) prior to a self-triggered perturbation of one of the fingers during a multifinger force production task. An index of a force-stabilizing synergy was computed reflecting covariation of commands to fingers. The subjects produced constant force by ...
Walsh Jennifer H - - 2008
This study compared shape, size and length of the pharyngeal airway in individuals with and without obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) using a novel endoscopic imaging technique, anatomical optical coherence tomography (aOCT). The study population comprised a preliminary study group of 20 OSA patients and a subsequent controlled study group of ...
Ostojic Predrag - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to estimate the value of the Scleroderma Assessment Questionnaire (SAQ) to demonstrate change in patients (pts) with systemic sclerosis (SSc) over time. METHODS: Sixty pts with SSc were evaluated at two occasions, 12 months apart. Pts were divided into three subgroups according to criteria of improved, ...
Fjeldstad Anette S - - 2008
The aim of this study is to examine the effect of age on large and small arterial compliance in apparently healthy adults, and to determine whether this effect is independent of body mass index. The subjects consisted of 126 men and women, aged 45 years and above. The subjects rested ...
Matsui Yoshio - - 2008
It has been established that a positive association exists between the augmentation index (AIx) and left ventricular mass (LVM) in hypertensives, but it remains unclear whether this association is affected by age or gender. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of age and gender on the ...
Spielholz Peregrin - - 2008
This study evaluated two subjective assessment methods for physical work-related musculoskeletal disorder (WMSD) risk factors. A total of 567 participants from 12 companies in the manufacturing and health care industries were evaluated using the hand activity level (HAL) threshold limit value (TLV) and the Strain Index. Inter-rater reliability comparisons were ...
Pływaczewski Robert - - 2008
Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a frequent disorder; however, the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing is not well known in many countries. The aim of our investigation was to assess the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in a representative sample of the population of Warsaw. We studied 676 subjects (57.1% ...
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