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Kassem Moustapha - - 2011
Human aging is associated with bone loss leading to bone fragility and increased risk of fractures. The cellular and molecular causes of age-related bone loss are current intensive topic of investigation with the aim of identifying new approaches to abolish its negative effects on the skeleton. Age-related osteoblast dysfunction is ...
Agostini Gina M - - 2011
  This study assessed whether obesity significantly affects femoral shape. Femora of 121 white men were divided into two weight classes based on body mass index (BMI) of the deceased. Five external anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML) measurements were taken at consistent percentages of diaphyseal length. These were then subject ...
Rabelink N M - - 2011
This population study examines the prevalence of hypopituitarism and low bone mineral density (BMD) in older persons reporting loss of consciousness after head trauma (HT). Data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam were used pertaining to 630 women (53 HT) and 533 men (63 HT). Subjects were asked whether they ...
Stamos-Papastamos Nikolaos - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of lumbar rotational manipulation and lumbar central posteroanterior mobilization on lumbar bending stiffness and flexion and extension range of motion (ROM). A same-subject, repeated-measures, crossover design was used using 32 asymptomatic subjects (16 female and 16 male; mean [SD] age, ...
Dimeglio Alain - - 2011
Growth in childhood and in puberty has a major influence on the evolution of spinal curvature. The yearly rate of increase in standing height and sitting height, bone age, and Tanner signs are essential parameters. Additionally, biometric measurements must be repeated every six months. Puberty is a turning point. The ...
Shin Hyehyung - - 2011
The purpose of this review was to examine the relationship between physical performance and body composition measurements, including fat/muscle mass and bone mineral density (BMD) in individuals ≥60 years of age. Various measurements used to assess body composition, BMD, and physical performance (PP) were discussed as well. Medline/PubMed, CINAHL, and ...
Lin Jiunn-Diann - - 2011
It has been reported that low normal circulating thyrotropin (TSH) levels correlate with lower bone mineral density (BMD) in the Korean postmenopausal female. The goal of this study is to evaluate this relationship in different sex and age groups in a Chinese population. A total of 2,957 subjects in Taiwan, ...
Gupta Renu - - 2011
Objective: This study compared an ethnically uniform group of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) Kuwaiti patients with a control group of healthy Kuwaiti subjects, in terms of their bone mineral density (BMD) and anthropometric measurements. Subjects and Methods: Included in the study were 94 males and 129 females with a mean ...
Bolanowski Marek - - 2011
Introduction: The aim of this study was to estimate forearm bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) using singleenergy X-ray absorptiometry (SXA) in a group of Polish women that included both pre- and post-menopausal subjects. Material and methods: The study was carried out in a cohort of 1,122 ...
Kompis Martin - - 2011
The data of 46 adults with single-sided sensorineural deafness who were candidates for bone-anchored hearing aids (Baha) CROS (contralateral routing of signals) were analyzed. All candidates tested a Baha with a headband in their normal environment. Subsequently, 29 of the candidates chose a permanent Baha CROS fitting, and 17 declined, ...
Roshandel Delnaz D Arthritis Research UK Epidemiology Unit, The University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, - - 2011
A number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and speed of sound (SOS) as measured by quantitative ultrasound (QUS) at the calcaneus in the Framingham 100K genome-wide association study (GWAS) but have not been validated in independent studies. The aim of this analysis ...
El Hage Rawad - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationships between age, morphological characteristics (weight, height, body mass index (BMI), fat and lean mass), daily calcium intake (DCI), physical activity and bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) of the whole body (WB), lumbar spine (L2-L4), femoral neck (FN) and 1/3 radius ...
Khadilkar Anuradha V - - 2010
For the correct interpretation of Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) measurements in children, the use of age, gender, height, weight and ethnicity specific reference data is crucially important. In the absence of such a database for Indian children, the present study aimed to provide gender and age specific data on ...
Wang Yue - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: As the gateway of nutrient supply, the vertebral endplate is essential to maintain the integrity and function of the avascular intervertebral disk. While a link between calcium deposition in the endplate and disk degeneration is well established from histological studies, findings on the association between endplate thickness and age ...
Kaplowitz Paul - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pediatric endocrinologists at a children's hospital were concerned that bone age readings by radiologists frequently differed from their readings by >1 year. OBJECTIVE: To compare consistency of bone age readings by endocrinologists vs. radiologists, and the Greulich and Pyle (GP) atlas vs. the recently published Gilsanz and Ratib (GR) digital ...
Khawaji M - - 2010
Summary.  Severe haemophilia and reduced bone density can negatively influence perception of patient's health-related quality of life (HRQoL), especially considering future aspects, the risk of losing independence or pain suffering. The aim of this study was to assess levels of HRQoL in severe haemophilia patients and to compare HRQoL to ...
Fu Siqing - - 2011
To investigate audiometric characteristics of hearing loss in a large Chinese ethnic Tujia family and determine its hereditary type. Total 76 live individuals were investigated in the notable 84 members of this family. The detailed audiometric evaluations were undertaken for the proband and his 47 family members. The degrees of ...
Sanger Thomas J - - 2010
If we wish to understand whether development influences the rate or direction of morphological evolution, we must first understand the developmental bases of morphological variation within species. However, quantitative variation in adult morphology is the product of molecular and cellular processes unfolding from embryonic development through juvenile growth to maturity. ...
Veale James P - - 2010
Body structure and physical development must be addressed when preparing junior athletes for their first season in a senior competition. The aim of this preliminary study was to measure the extent of the assumption that final year junior Australian Football (AF) athletes are at a physical mismatch to their senior ...
Foteva M - - 2010
(Full text is available at http://www.manu.edu.mk/prilozi). Many diseases of the wrist can be recognized by radiographic changes and quantified by radiographic measurements. The kinematic radiographic measurements are the basis for kinematic studies of the wrist as well as a diagnostic, prognostic and follow- up tool for many conditions of the ...
Sanger Thomas J TJ Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA. - - 2011
If we wish to understand whether development influences the rate or direction of morphological evolution, we must first understand the developmental bases of morphological variation within species. However, quantitative variation in adult morphology is the product of molecular and cellular processes unfolding from embryonic development through juvenile growth to maturity. ...
Vasdev Vivek - - 2011
Objective:  To assess bone mineral density (BMD) abnormalities in young Indian males with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and factors influencing this. Methods:  Eighty AS male subjects were compared with 160 age/sex matched controls for BMD of lumbar spine and proximal femur. AS subjects were evaluated and followed up every 3 months for ...
Susarla Srinivas M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to measure upper airway length (UAL) on lateral cephalograms and to assess its relationship with the presence and severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Using a case-control study design, the investigators enrolled a sample of cases defined as adult subjects with OSA and controls ...
Sun Xiao-Tang - - 2010
Meyer dysplasia (MD) is a rare disease but readily mistaken for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD). Although most published studies on MD have characterized and differentiated it from LCPD radiologically and clinically, differences with regard to bone age delay and recovery have not been sought. We deemed it necessary to distinguish bone ...
Lim Young-Hyo - - 2010
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a well known cardiovascular prognostic predictor. Osteoporosis has been suggested to be associated with cardiovascular disease. According to studies of primary hyperparathyroidism, a pathophysiological association between calcium metabolism and LVH has been suggested but is not yet fully understood. This study was performed to investigate ...
Hopper Kelly - - 2010
An 8.5-mo-old female rhesus macaque was examined for an apparent lump on the right arm, below the elbow. The macaque showed no signs of pain or discomfort. Examination revealed that the lump was actually a bend in the forearm. Radiography demonstrated that some of the long bones of the animal ...
D'Souza Deepak H - - 2010
Increasing age induces fusion in the hyoid bone. The present study was conducted to assess the usefulness of fusion in the hyoid bone in age estimation. A total of 130 excised hyoid bones from dead bodies belonging to the age group of 4-70 years were studied. The mean age of ...
Reiter Edward O - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of bicalutamide plus anastrozole in young males with testotoxicosis. This was a multicenter, open-label, single-arm, 12-month, Phase II pilot trial in 14 males (2-9 years) with testotoxicosis treated with bicalutamide (12.5, 25, 50, or 100 mg) and anastrozole (0.5 or 1 mg) daily. ...
Dürsteler-Macfarland Kenneth M - - 2010
Introduction and Aims. Risk factors for osteoporosis are prevalent in chronic heroin users who often start using opiates in their late teens. This study was the first to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) in relatively young heroin-dependent patients on injectable heroin maintenance. Design and Methods. Using cross-sectional design, BMD was ...
Cob Zaidi Che - - 2011
Strombus canarium Linnaeus, 1758 is an important gastropod species within the study area and was traditionally collected for food by the locals. The objective of the present study is to assess the incidence of imposex and its severity in this species. Adult conchs were sampled during their main reproductive period, ...
Sforza E - - 2011
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) affects females and males differently, and increases in prevalence with age. The aim of the present study was to characterise clinical, anthropometric and polygraphic sex differences in a large elderly OSA population. A total of 641 subjects aged 68 yrs were examined. Measurements of fat mass, ...
Bryld Lars Erik - - 2010
Psoriasis is associated with being overweight, but the temporal relationship is not known. This historical cohort study tested whether severe psoriasis resulting in hospitalization in adulthood was preceded by excess increase in age-adjusted body mass index, a known risk factor in childhood for being overweight in adulthood. The study cohort ...
Yim-Yeh Susie - - 2010
Many patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are obese, and whether obesity itself explains the increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease in OSA is unknown. We hypothesize that OSA, independent of obesity, contributes to abnormal vascular function. Physiology study. Academic medical centers. Obese subjects, free of known comorbidities, were enrolled. Vascular ...
Ismail Nagwa Abdallah - - 2010
Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) is approved for use in children with Turner's syndrome (TS) in most industrialized countries and is recommended in the recently issued guidelines. We determined the growth responses of girls who are treated with rhGH for TS, with an aim to identify the predictors of growth ...
Ko Cynthia W - - 2010
Early repeat colonoscopy after an index examination may be justifiable, but may also reflect quality issues during the first examination. The aims of this study were to examine the use of second colonoscopy within 1 year of an index colonoscopy, and to examine patient and provider factors associated with use ...
Pardeshi Geeta S - - 2010
Age is an important variable in epidemiological studies and an invariable part of community-based study reports. The aim was to assess the accuracy of age data collected during community surveys. A cross-sectional study was designed in rural areas of the Yavatmal district. Age data were collected by a house-to-house survey ...
Nguyen H Bryant - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Non-invasive hemodynamic monitoring may facilitate resuscitation in critically ill patients. Validation studies examining a transcutaneous Doppler ultrasound technology, USCOM-1A, using pulmonary artery catheter as the reference standard showed varying results. In this study, we compared non-invasive cardiac index (CI) measurements by USCOM-1A with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). METHODS: This study ...
Gadimova Z - - 2010
The present work is devoted to the study of full blood test analysis in the geriatric age group in the North-West part of Azerbaijan, where level of longevity is not studied. The results of our analysis showed that in all three gerontological age groups living in these regions level of ...
White Donald A - - 2010
This paper reports on variation in leaf area index (L) in five Eucalyptus globulus Labill. plantations in response to application of nitrogen, thinning at age 2 years and variation in climate wetness index (the ratio of rainfall to potential evaporation). Observed L is compared with: (i) L predicted to optimize ...
Shires Courtney B - - 2010
Our objective was to determine if higher body mass index (BMI) increases the likelihood of, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in pediatric Down syndrome (DS) patients. We performed a, retrospective chart review of 63 DS patients evaluated by overnight polysomnography from December 1995 to February 2005. Patients aged less than 2 ...
Faria Aurélio - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Low- or high-arched feet and insufficient or excessive muscle-tendon stiffness have been identified as risk factors for lower extremity injuries. Additionally, increased body mass index and age may be responsible for structural changes of the foot, which might adversely affect the functional capacity of the longitudinal arch. Therefore, the ...
Hamdan Abdul-Latif - - 2011
The aim of the study was to study how fasting between 12 and 14 hours affects voice production. This is a prospective study of male subjects. A total of 26 healthy male subjects were recruited for the study. The age varied between 22 and 50 years with a mean of ...
Kanchan Tanuj - - 2010
To investigate the sexual dimorphism of index and ring finger ratio in South Indian children. The index finger length (IFL) and the ring finger length (RFL) were measured in 350 subjects aged between 2 and 12 years using a steel measuring tape. The index and ring finger ratio was computed by ...
Doneray H - - 2010
The aim of this study is to evaluate the acquisition of bone mineral in healthy children throughout puberty and in children with constitutional delay of growth and puberty (CDGP), and to relate changes in bone mass to age, weight, height, sitting height, body mass index and sex hormones in healthy ...
Chae Eun Jin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare quantitative and visual assessments of regional heterogeneity of emphysema and to investigate the influence of regional heterogeneity on pulmonary function in smoking-related emphysema. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed an automatic computerized algorithm to quantitatively assess heterogeneity in the upper-lower, anterior-posterior, and ...
Zavoreo Iris - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate correlation of breath holding index (BHI) as functional parameter for intracranial subclinical atherosclerotic changes - we have shown in our previous works and arterial stiffness (AS-functional parameter for extracranial subclinical atherosclerotic changes) in normal population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 120 ...
Deshpande Nandini - - 2010
Prospective cohort study. Population-based cohort. InCHIANTI ("Invecchiare in Chianti" or aging in the Chianti area) study participants (N=960; age, 21-91 y, 51.8% women). Not applicable. The Cumulative Somatosensory Impairment Index was derived from baseline performance on clinical tests of pressure sensitivity, vibration sensitivity, proprioception, and graphesthesia. Global postural control was ...
Funakoshi Yayoi - - 2010
A longitudinal study was conducted to investigate the relation between the changes of bone mineral density (BMD) over a seven-year period and A1330V polymorphism of the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) gene or lifestyle factors. The subjects were 113 premenopausal female employees from a large-scale integrated manufacturing facility in ...
Kotwicki Tomasz - - 2010
In subjects with scoliosis the thoracic cage deformity is a complex 3D phenomenon. There is a deficiency of simple clinical methods of thorax shape evaluation. The study aimed to introduce and assess an anthropometric technique measuring transverse plane deformity of the thorax in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Thirty scoliotic girls, ...
Fredensborg Monica Hardman - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the glycaemic index of breads produced using different rising methods and leavening agents. Eleven bread varieties were selected based on method of production, and divided between three groups of ten participants (mean +/- SD age 30.0 +/- 10.7 years and BMI 22.9 ...
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