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Results 451 - 500 of 623
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Taskar V - - 1995
BACKGROUND: The onset of irregular inspiratory muscle activity has been observed toward the breakpoint of the breath-holding maneuver. We wondered if this was similar to the increased respiratory effort with paradoxical breathing seen during the resolution of an apnea in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the ...
Hage J J - - 1995
In 130 active subjects aged 7 to 76 years, sensibility of both index fingers were tested using Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments. Subsequently, subjects were asked to indicate their dominant side. The gathered data was analysed statistically to try and find a possible difference in sensibility between the dominant and nondominant side. No ...
Gishen F S FS Department of Physiology, St George's Hospital Medical School, University of London, - - 1995
A survey of 320 (175 male, 155 female) 19 year-old medical students showed that male students of South Asian origin in the top tertile for body weight or body mass index had a significantly greater conicity index than European males in these top tertiles. This difference in conicity was not ...
Pierscionek B K - - 1995
This study aimed to measure the refractive index values along the optic axes of adult bovine lenses. An optic fibre reflectometric sensor was used for this purpose. Seventeen lenses were examined and over the weight range studied there were no apparent age-related trends in the index gradient. The peak index ...
Lamour A - - 1995
Its was our aim to appreciate the respective influence of age, sex, duration of disease, inflammatory status and treatment on protein markers in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Serum albumin (SA), thyroxin-binding prealbumin (TBPA), transferrin and retinol-binding protein (RBP) were determined in 155 RA patients. Since the cut off, levels ...
Bobić J - - 1994
In a group of 49 operators entering data into video display units, the type and frequency of subjective complaints were assessed and subjective assessment of ergonomic working conditions was examined. A detailed ergonomic analysis of the equipment and workplaces was done. The results showed a high frequency of subjective complaints. ...
Balogun J A - - 1994
The body weight (W), height (H), Quetelet index W/H2), and Ponderosity index (W/H3) of 1,040 healthy (520 male and 520 female) volunteers (age ranged from 6-80 years) from various urban and rural communities in Oyo and Osun States, Nigeria were measured. We observed that the subjects body weight, height and ...
Voutilainen S - - 1994
To assess whether age modifies the effects of preload on the Doppler indexes of left ventricular filling, 10 younger (mean age 31 years) and 10 older (mean age 53 years) healthy subjects underwent transmitral flow velocity measurements following acute changes of venous return produced by head-up and head-down tilts. In ...
Carey J R - - 1994
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of age, sex, and hand preference on precise control of voluntary movement at the index finger metacarpophalangeal joint in able-bodied volunteers. An electrogoniometer was attached to this joint and connected to a computer. The computer screen displayed a sine wave ...
Rich-Edwards J W - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the association between body mass index at age 18 and subsequent primary ovulatory infertility. STUDY DESIGN: A nested case-control study was conducted within a cohort of 116,678 female registered nurses residing in 14 U.S. states. Cases comprised 2527 married nulliparous nurses unable to become ...
Pinna W - - 1994
The main somatometric characteristics of 15 Sardinian breed adult donkeys (6 male and 9 female) were studied. Analysis of the somatic measurements and zoometric indexes show subjects of small build of a mesomorph constitutional type. Dimorphism between the sexes is slight and is limited to the rump area. The number ...
Verger P - - 1994
To permit new epidemiologic studies of the effects of dioxin on humans in Vietnam, we evaluated a model for quantifying exposure to Agent Orange (exposure index) based on the residential histories of 27 Vietnamese subjects and on information about spraying from the U.S. Army records (Herbs Tape) and compared this ...
Gasser T - - 1994
Based on the Zürich longitudinal growth study, differences are analyzed between those children who later became light adults (later light) and those who later became heavy (later heavy) adults. This is of interest to discover how and when overweight develops, and which variables are most affected (weight, body mass index, ...
Miller V J - - 1994
The effect of age on condylar asymmetry in dentate patients has already been investigated and a clear relationship between these two variables was established both for a group with an arthrogenous origin and with myogenous origin of pain. In this study, the mean asymmetry index for an edentulous group of ...
Galanos A N - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is a relationship between body mass index and the ability to perform the usual activities of living in a sample of community-dwelling elderly. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey-I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study (1982-1984). Follow-up home interview of a population-based ...
Guthrie C J - - 1994
Renal function has been examined in a group of 77 subjects occupationally exposed to cadmium fume and dust, together with a referent group of 103 age- and socioeconomically matched subjects. Fourteen biochemical parameters were measured on each subject. Three different ways of combining the information from all 14 tests were ...
Redline S - - 1994
Gender differences in the relative frequency of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) have been observed in surveys of patient groups referred for clinical evaluation compared with population surveys. In this study, we assessed the associations of gender, SDB, and symptoms of SDB in 389 participants (16 to 84 yr of age) in ...
Prichasuk S - - 1994
Heel-pad thickness and compressibility were studied in the feet of 400 normal subjects by loaded and unloaded lateral radiographs. The normal unloaded heel-pad thickness was 18.70 +/- 2.46 mm. The thickness was greater in men than in women and increased with age. The heel-pad compressibility index was 0.53 +/- 0.09. ...
Gasser T - - 1994
In this paper we investigate first the choice of an appropriate index of body mass. The traditional indices weight/height (W/H), W/H2 and W/H3 are compared, as well as an approach due to Cole (1986) making the index W/Hp age-dependent, i.e. by allowing the power p to depend on age. While ...
Crawford J R - - 1994
Burgess (1991) has proposed a new index of subtest scatter for the WAIS-R which uses a test statistic, the Mahalanobis Distance (MD). When used with the WAIS-R, MD scores should be distributed as chi square with 11 degrees of freedom. The suitability of the MD index for UK clinical practice ...
Prichasuk S - - 1994
A study of heel-pad thickness and compressibility using lateral radiographs, loaded and unloaded by body-weight, was carried out on 70 patients with plantar heel pain and 200 normal subjects. The heel-pad thickness and the compressibility index (resistance to compression) were greater in the patients than in normal subjects and significantly ...
Gorstein J - - 1994
Four issues in the use and interpretation of anthropometry are discussed at the level of the population and of the individual. The first issue is the index or indices of choice: weight-for-height versus height-for-age versus weight-for-age. The selection of an index or indices depends upon many factors, and no one ...
Lust G - - 1993
A study was done to determine whether radiographic-distraction measurement of coxofemoral joint (hip) laxity at 4 and 8 months of age can serve as a predictor of hip dysplasia in older Labrador Retrievers. The method of Smith, Biery, and Gregor was used for radiologic examination of hips and for evaluation ...
Powles J W - - 1993
The aim of the study was to compare the systolic and diastolic blood pressures in 525 individuals who had migrated from rural Greece to Melbourne, Australia with those in 367 nonmigrant relatives (all aged 30 to 59 years and still living in the source area), and to relate any differences ...
Solders G - - 1993
An index based on 12 electrophysiological parameters (conduction velocities, F-latencies, and amplitudes) was constructed to obtain an overall estimation of peripheral nerve conduction. The index was expressed as the mean deviation (in SD) compared to controls standardized for age or height. The stability of the index was tested by repeated ...
Avellone G - - 1993
We have measured various fibrinolytic and coagulation parameters (t-PA antigen, PAI, fibrinogen, plasminogen and factor VII) before and after 10 min of venous occlusion in 20 hypertryglyceridaemic subjects (twelve males and eight females, age 38 +/- 4 years, body mass index 23 +/- 1.5) and 20 healthy normal subjects, matched ...
Esteban E - - 1993
Finger pattern types and pattern intensity index in 163 males and 184 females from the region of Murcia in southeast Spain show sex and bilateral differences. Comparison of the data with those from other Spanish populations reveal, that the Murcian male values are within the range of Spanish variation, whereas ...
Clark G T - - 1993
This prospective case report series utilized an anterior mandibular positioning (AMP) device on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients and evaluated the changes in the respiratory disturbance index (RDI) and subjective overall satisfaction with the treatment. The RDI was based on all-night polysomnographic studies performed before and after approximately 4 months ...
Purves I N - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare the prescribing unit and a new prescribing index adjusting for age and sex in assessing general practice prescribing. DESIGN: Analysis of all prescriptions issued by two practices in one year. Use of data to derive a prescribing index adjusting for age and sex. Comparison of ...
So L L - - 1993
Assessment of malocclusion is important for documentation of the prevalence and severity of malocclusion in population groups. Such information is needed in Hong Kong where less than 25 qualified orthodontists serve a population of about 6 million citizens. The objective of the present study was to compare the Occlusal Index ...
Laurent J - - 1993
In order to predict the steroid response in lipoid nephrosis (LN), we studied age, sex, proteinuria level, histological features and proteinuria selectivity index (SI; ratio between IgG and transferrin clearances) in 52 LN cases (minimal-change disease: n = 39; focal glomerulosclerosis+IgM nephropathy: n = 13). The multivariate analysis showed that ...
Harkness R A - - 1993
Development and, therefore, age is important in paediatrics. Diagnostically useful data from this journal has been related to age and organized to form an age-related diagnostic (ARD) index. The ARD index is designed for non-expert clinical and laboratory workers to use in the early phases of diagnosis and as an ...
Yaar I - - 1993
This study was designed to measure an EMG index which relates to the width of the motor unit innervation zone under the assumptions made in Lindstrom's model. This index was measured in healthy and in diseased muscles, intramuscularly, in fatigue inducing maximal voluntary contractions. The bicipital EMG interference patterns of ...
Kilpatrick S J - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that maternal oral hydration would increase the amniotic fluid (AF) index in pregnancies with normal AF. METHODS: Forty women with a normal AF index (7.0-24.0 cm) were randomized to either the control or hydration group. Women in the hydration group drank 2 L of water ...
Theodoros D D Department of Speech and Hearing, University of Queensland, - - 1993
Hypernasality in the dysarthric speech of 20 severely closed-head-injured (CHI) subjects was investigated using both perceptual and instrumental techniques. A perceptual analysis of the speech of the CHI subjects was performed using a four-point rating scale for hypernasality. Instrumental assessment was carried out using a computerized accelerometric technique yielding a ...
Ojima H - - 1992
The difference in the range of dynamic motion of the wrist between young and middle-aged men was studied. To analyse wrist function easily, a new quantitative evaluation technique for wrist circumduction using a biaxial flexible electrogoniometer was introduced. A phase plane was made from two-channel signals of the electrogoniometer, and ...
Yagi T - - 1992
Three-component analysis of caloric nystagmus, focusing on the horizontal, vertical, and torsional, using a computerized eye movement analysis system, was carried out in 10 normal human subjects. The caloric response was induced by cold stimulation to the right ear of the subjects in the supine and prone positions. In the ...
Madsen J L - - 1992
This study aimed to assess separately the effects of gender, age, and body mass index on gastric emptying, small intestinal transit, and colonic transit times of a meal containing 99mTc-labeled cellulose fiber and 2- to 3-mm 111In-labeled plastic particles. Seventeen healthy young subjects (nine men; eight women; age 21-27 years; ...
Van Hoeyweghen R J - - 1992
Nutritional assessment of elderly people is limited due to a lack of age-corrected standards. The objective of this study was to develop a new, more age-independent index for nutritional assessment by correcting the creatinine height index (CHI) for the age-induced changes in its variables. This might improve the differentiation between ...
Seifer D B - - 1992
We examined whether the proliferative index of granulosa cells as determined by flow cytometry varied with a women's age or ovulation induction regimen that included leuprolide acetate (LA). This prospective cohort study included three groups of patients undergoing assisted reproductive technologies. Group I consisted of 9 women age less than ...
Dot D - - 1992
The within-subject and between-subject biological variation of prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) have been studied in a group of 19 women and 20 men over a period of 9 months. All measurements were performed with a mechanical coagulometer. The between-subject coefficients of variation were 6.8% for ...
Ramakrishnan R - - 1992
An age-independent anthropometric index to identify undernourished children in the age group of 5-10 years is described. Employing a mathematical approach (linear regression analysis) on data from 238 children, the index was derived to be wt/(ht)2. Employing this index, a classification rule for identifying the undernourished was evolved, using as ...
Ferrell W R - - 1992
Using a position matching paradigm, the ability of subjects to detect displacements at the proximal interphalangeal joint of the index finger was tested. These displacements were imposed at an angular velocity of 2 degrees per minute which is below the threshold for movement detection. An older group of subjects whose ...
Wynn V T - - 1992
The absolute pitch ability (AP) of three female and two male subjects has been investigated over many years. The pitch estimates of A4 (440 Hz) of four of the subjects varied by up to a semitone during the longitudinal study. The fifth subject showed no noticeable variation in his estimates ...
Feingold M - - 1992
Principal components analysis is a statistical method that is used to reduce and explore data to facilitate further analyses. This method was applied to bone mineral densities measured at seven sites in 109 black and 44 white women, ages 22-80, at an internal medicine clinic in urban Detroit. We excluded ...
- - 1992
Index by subject of all manuscripts published by the Journal from January through June 1992.
Akeel R - - 1992
51 healthy dentate subjects aged between 20 and 60 years were evaluated with regard to their masticatory efficiency using a sieving test. A subjective evaluation of difficulty in chewing different kinds of food was also obtained by means of a questionnaire. The occlusal and restorative status were assessed using specific ...
Cooper J C JC - - 1991
The relation between central auditory processing disorders (CAPD) and age has been described in selected subjects. However, the prevalence of CAPD in the general population has not been established. We tested 1026, 64- to 93-yr-old members of the Framingham Heart Study cohort with Central Institute for the Deaf W-22 lists ...
De Ambroggi L - - 1991
To identify markers of dispersion of the ventricular repolarization in the idiopathic long QT syndrome, body surface potential maps were analyzed in 40 such patients (mean age +/- standard deviation 21 +/- 11 years) and in 30 healthy control subjects (mean age 24 +/- 7 years). In each subject, 117 ...
Hara M - - 1991
The aim of this study was to assess the significance of C3 deposition in IgA nephropathy in children and adolescents. One hundred and two patients aged 5-21 years (57 male and 45 female) were studied. The findings of C3 deposition were classified into 8 groups by immunofluorescent (IF) pattern and ...
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