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Dalmas Elise - - 2013
OBJECTIVEObesity is associated with cardiovascular risk and a low-grade inflammatory state in both blood and adipose tissue (AT). Whether inflammation contributes to vascular alteration remains an open question. To test this hypothesis, we measured arterial intima-media thickness (IMT), which reflects subclinical atherosclerosis, in severely obese subjects and explored associations with ...
Tsakiri Eleni N - - 2013
Advanced glycation end product (AGEs)-modified proteins are formed by the non-enzymatic glycation of free amino groups of proteins and along with lipofuscin (a highly oxidized aggregate of covalently cross-linked proteins, sugars and lipids) have been found to accumulate during ageing and in several age-related diseases. As the in vivo effects ...
Lomiwes D - - 2013
Bull Musculus longissimus dorsi (n=63) were categorised into high (pH≥6.2), intermediate (pH5.8-6.19) and low (≤5.79) ultimate pH (pHu) and aged up to 28days post mortem at -1°C. High pHu samples were acceptably tender at 1day post mortem and significantly more tender than low pHu meat at all ageing timepoints (p<0.05). ...
Sage Juliette - - 2013
Cutaneous aging translates drastic structural and functional alterations in the extracellular matrix (ECM). Multiple mechanisms are involved, including changes in protease levels. We investigated the age-related protein expression and activity of cysteine cathepsins and the expression of two endogenous protein inhibitors in young and aged Caucasian women skin epidermis. Immunofluorescence ...
Lomiwes D - - 2013
Bull M. longissimus dorsi (n=94) categorised into high (n=28), intermediate (n=14) and low (n=52) ultimate pH (pHu) were aged at -1.5°C for 28days. Shear force was higher and more variable (p<0.05) in intermediate pHu samples during ageing. Titin, filamin and desmin degradation was also less extensive in intermediate pHu samples ...
Grzebyk Ewa - - 2013
INTRODUCTION In type 2 diabetes (T2D) chronic hyperglycemia induces multi-faceted disturbances and development of diabetic late complications (DLC). Nonenzymatic glycation, leading to advanced glycation end products (AGEs) formation, is one of the most important consequence of hyperglycemia. Disturbances in action of some proteolytic enzymes are also observed.  OBJECTIVES The aim of ...
Ramke Jacqueline - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the distribution and sociodemographic associations of BMI (kg/m2) among adults aged ≥40 years living in Timor-Leste. DESIGN: BMI was calculated for participants of a population-based cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Urban and rural Timor-Leste. SUBJECTS: Adults aged ≥40 years living in Timor-Leste. RESULTS: Of those enumerated, 2014 participated (89·5 ...
Morag Yoav - - 2012
The objective of our study was to assess the prevalence, morphology, and position of the rotator cable and the relation of this structure to the rotator cuff crescent. Ultrasound examinations of bilateral shoulders of asymptomatic volunteers and of the asymptomatic shoulder in patients referred for assessment of a symptomatic contralateral ...
Mohsenzadeh Mehdi - - 2012
In assisted reproductive techniques, 85% retrieved oocytes are mature, and the rest are immature. These immature oocytes may be matured in vitro, and used in subsequent in vitro fertilization program. The purpose of this study was to determine the maturation capacity and morphology of human immature oocytes in both fresh ...
Sconfienza Luca Maria - - 2011
Our aim was to characterize rotator cable ultrasound appearance in shoulders of different-aged asymptomatic volunteers, also estimating interobserver reproducibility. We studied 83 shoulders in 42 young volunteers (mean age 26 ± 7.0 years, range 21-35 years) and 66 shoulders in 36 elderly volunteers (65-81 years, 73 ± 4.9 years), noting ...
Inglis Timothy J J - - 2011
The growing infection control challenges facing an ageing population.
Tyler N C - - 2011
1. To determine if selection for early response to photostimulation could be successful, 150 male broiler breeders were photostimulated at 8 weeks of age. The first 20 to produce a semen sample and have a reddened comb with an area >10?cm(2) were selected as responders (R) and 20 birds that ...
Lallo Cicero H O - - 2011
Anglo-Nubian and Saanen goats were imported into Trinidad and Tobago to form the nucleus of the goat expansion and improvement programme. Thermoregulation and performance of the parent stock and the F1 were evaluated under intensive housing and management. Rectal temperature in the A.M.: irrespective of breed or season ranged from ...
Lundh Torbjörn - - 2011
Recently developed landmark-based geometric morphometry has been used to depict the morphological development of organisms. In geometry, four landmarks can be mapped to any other four by Möbius transformations, if the cross-ratio of the landmarks is invariant and vice versa. To geometrically analyze the morphological development of the human body, ...
He Yuxian - - 2011
The sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), is one of the most important pests in tropical and subtropical agriculture and is a key pest in greenhouse production worldwide. Current management of B. tabaci relies upon frequent applications of insecticides. Insecticide use not only directly affects pest populations through acute ...
Evans Andrew W - - 2011
This paper investigates fatal accidents and fatalities at level crossings in Great Britain over the 64-year period 1946-2009. The numbers of fatal accidents and fatalities per year fell by about 65% in the first half of that period, but since then have remained more or less constant at about 11 ...
Abe Takashi - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare the age-related muscle loss in both the appendicular and trunk regions in 207 Japanese and 111 German men aged 20-62 years. Ultrasound-measured muscle thickness (MTH) was taken at eight sites from the anterior and posterior aspects of the body, and the MTH was ...
Tsai Jui-Feng - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to re-examine the monthly distribution of suicide death rates and the change of the suicide seasonality in Taiwan during 1991-2008. The monthly suicide death rates of the total, male and female populations during January 1991-December 2008 were obtained from a population-based database. There ...
Chan Sandra S - - 2011
: 1) To compare the 2-year completed suicide and reattempt rates in a preintervention group of Hong Kong Chinese suicide attempters (aged 65 years and older) who received standard care and a postintervention group enrolled in a regional elderly suicide prevention program (ESPP) that adopts a two-tiered multifaceted care management ...
Chan Vincent - - 2011
Cardiovascular remodeling leading to heart failure is common in the elderly. Testing effective pharmacological treatment of human heart failure requires a suitable animal model that adequately mimics the human disease state. This study has characterised the structural, functional and electrical characteristics of the cardiovascular system throughout the lifespan in male ...
Avineri Erel - - 2012
Pedestrians are exposed to risks when crossing roads in urban areas. The crossing behaviour of pedestrians was studied as a factor contributing to their exposure to risks on the road and to their involvement in road accidents. This work explores two specific aspects of crossing behaviour: crossing speed and head ...
Dai J - - 2011
The distinctive epidemiologic profile of suicide in China, with notably high rates among rural young adult females, invites examination of possible underlying risk factors. Although there are accumulating data regarding the epidemiology of suicide among youth and young adults in China, there are meager data on suicidal ideation and attempts ...
Hassiotis A - - 2011
We aimed to investigate, for the first time, rates of suicidal behaviour (ideation and acts) in people with borderline intellectual functioning in a general population sample, and to compare these to rates in people with normal functioning. We used data from the third Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey, carried out in ...
Chen Ying-Yeh - - 2010
This study examines the impact of unemployment on suicide rates in Taiwan and Hong Kong during the period of rising unemployment (1997-2003) and its subsequent decline (2003-2007), with 2003 as the turning point. During these initial years of high unemployment, suicide rates increased markedly in Hong Kong and Taiwan; however, ...
Tsai Jui-Feng - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship between the secular trend of the suicide rate and the socio-economic, media, and climatic factors in Taiwan during 1976-2009. The yearly suicide death rate, socio-economic (spouseless population, aged population, labor participation rate, unemployment rate, and gross national production), media ...
Kim Namkug - - 2011
The authors recently observed a correlation between state altitude and suicide rate in the United States, which could be explained by higher rates of gun ownership and lower population density in the intermountain West. The present study evaluated the relationship between mean county and state altitude in the United States ...
Yur'yev Andriy - - 2010
National attitudes towards the elderly and their association with elderly suicide mortality in 26 European countries were assessed, and Eastern and Western European countries compared. For each country, mean age-adjusted, gender-specific elderly suicide rates in the last five years for which data had been available were obtained from the WHO ...
Bogdanovica Ilze - - 2011
To investigate age and sex-specific changes in rates, methods used and characteristics of suicide attempters receiving medical care, over a 15-year period in two European WHO catchment areas (Stockholm, Sweden; and Würzburg, Germany). The data for this study were obtained from the WHO/EURO Multicentre Study on Suicidal Behaviour for the ...
Miret Marta - - 2010
To analyze differences in the variables associated with severity of suicidal intent and in the main factors associated with intent when comparing younger and older adults. Observational, descriptive cross-sectional study. Four general hospitals in Madrid, Spain. Eight hundred seventy suicide attempts by 793 subjects split into two groups: 18-54 year ...
Phillips Julie A - - 2010
We examined trends in suicide rates for U.S. residents aged 40 to 59 years from 1979 to 2005 and explored alternative explanations for the notable increase in such deaths from 1999 to 2005. We obtained information on suicide deaths from the National Center for Health Statistics and population data from ...
Haw Camilla - - 2011
An increasing proportion of the UK population live alone. Little is known about deliberate self-harm (DSH) patients who live alone. We conducted a study of the characteristics of DSH patients who live alone using data from the Oxford Monitoring System for Attempted Suicide. Data on patients presenting to the general ...
Corcoran Paul - - 2010
Hospital-treated deliberate self harm and suicide among older adults have rarely been examined at a national level. The Irish Central Statistics Office provided suicide and undetermined death data for 1980-2006. The National Registry of Deliberate Self Harm collected data relating to deliberate self harm presentations made in 2006-2008 to all ...
Innamorati Marco - - 2010
The aims of this study were to study suicide rates in youths aged 15-29 years in the European Union (EU), to identify differences between early members and new members to the EU since 2004, and to evaluate the association between alcohol-related variables and suicide rates, while controlling for indicators of ...
Zhao Pengcheng - - 2010
Characteristics of four age groups of patients with medically serious suicide attempts from nine general hospitals in China (N = 617) were compared. There were no significant age-group differences by residence (rural vs. urban), method of attempt, proportion with prior attempts, or level of family functioning. Attempters < or = ...
Spiller Henry A - - 2010
In the US the suicide rate on a population basis has risen and fallen over time between approximately 10 and 12 per 100,000 population. The recent trend toward an increased rate has been paralleled by an increase in emergency department visits for attempted suicide. The purpose of this study was ...
Gagné Mathieu - - 2010
To examine whether significant changes in method-specific male suicide rates occurred in the province of Quebec after stronger firearms regulations were introduced in Canada in 1991; to ascertain whether more stringent firearms regulations influence firearms and total suicide trends among men and to determine whether different results are obtained according ...
Law C K - - 2011
There has been scant research exploring the relationship between choice of method (means) of self-inflicted death, and broader social or contextual factors. The recent emergence and growth of suicide using carbon monoxide poisoning resulting from burning charcoal in an enclosed space (hereafter, "charcoal burning") was related to an increase in ...
Kõlves K - - 2011
The WHO/EURO multicentre study on suicidal behaviour showed the lowest rates of suicide attempts in the Italian centre of Padua. Present study aims to discover changes in non-fatal suicidal behaviour rates and characteristics by comparing hospital-admitted subjects in two study periods (1992-1996 and 2002-2006). Data were obtained from the University ...
Thomas Kyla - - 2010
Suicide is one of the leading causes of premature mortality worldwide. Few studies have assessed long-term trends or sex differences in its incidence over time. We have investigated the age-, sex- and method-specific trends in suicide in England and Wales from 1861 to 2007. Overall age-standardized suicide rates using the ...
Asirdizer Mahmut - - 2010
Suicide is a significant problem in the world. Sharing the information about the national suicide rates in the international scientific area is an important issue for not only the solution of the problem, but also improving the efforts for decreasing the suicidal deaths. We aimed to add the statistical information ...
Miller Brian - - 2010
Advanced paternal age is a risk factor for adverse health outcomes in the offspring. In a population-based birth cohort from Finland, 10,965 singleton offspring born in 1966 and alive at age 1 were followed to age 39. Hazard ratios were calculated, adjusting for maternal age, gender, paternal social class, and ...
Shah Ajit - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A recent cross-national study demonstrated a curvilinear (inverted U-shaped curve) between elderly male suicide rates and the Human Development Index (HDI) fitting the quadratic equation y = a + bx - cx2 where y is the elderly male suicide rate, x is the HDI and a, b and c ...
Tsai Jui-Feng - - 2010
The present study explored both socioeconomic and climatic factors to obtain a more comprehensive view of the asymmetric regional suicide death rate during 1998-2006 in Taiwan. The annual suicide death rate, population and meteorological data from 19 cities/counties in Taiwan were analysed by multiple regression. Five socioeconomic (sex ratio, no ...
Tahir Syed Mohammed - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the demographic profile, various methods of self inflicted burn, and to probe into the problem by knowing various precipitating factors that may lead to self inflicted burn in our part of the country. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a study of 154 cases of self-inflicted burns treated ...
Large Matthew M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the changes in rates of methods of suicide in Australian states and territories between 1988 and 2007. DESIGN AND SETTING: Meta-analysis of suicide mortality rates and suicide methods (hanging, shooting, gassing, poisoning, jumping from a height, drowning, use of a sharp implement) for males and females in ...
Cohen Carl I CI Department of Psychiatry, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Box 120, 450 Clarkson Ave, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA. - - 2010
Although there have been numerous studies of suicidality in younger populations with schizophrenia, there have been no studies focused on community-dwelling older adults with schizophrenia. This study provides data on the prevalence of suicidality and factors associated with previous suicide attempts among a mixed racial sample of older persons with ...
Shah Ajit - - 2010
Internet Web sites and chat rooms have been reported both to promote suicides and have a positive beneficial effect on suicidal individuals. There is a paucity of studies examining the role of the Internet in general population suicide rates. The relationship between general population suicide rates and the prevalence of ...
Page Andrew - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to clarify the extent to which the recorded marked decline in young male suicide (20-34 years) in Australia since 1998 is attributable to misclassification of cause of death information. METHODS: Secular trends in young male suicide rates were investigated for the period ...
Lester David - - 2010
A text analysis of 261 suicide notes from Australia identified 13 differences by sex and 24 by age in a set of 74 content variables.
Innamorati Marco - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study suicide rates in elderly people in the former European Community, known as the European Union (EU) since late 1993, to identify differences between early members (admitted to the EU before 2004) and new members (admitted after 2004), and to evaluate the association between macro-socioeconomic variables and suicide ...
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