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Lampi Kirsten J KJ Oregon Health & Science University, Integrative Biosciences, 611 SW Campus Drive, Portland, OR 97239, - - 2014
Crystallins are the major proteins in the lens of the eye and function to maintain transparency of the lens. Of the human crystallins, α, β, and γ, the β-crystallins remain the most elusive in their structural significance due to their greater number of subunits and possible oligomer formations. The β-crystallins ...
Xiao-Yan Pan P Department of Histology and Embryology, Jilin Medical College, Jilin, Jilin 132013, - - 2014
:Many pathological phenomena of male infertility are related to epigenetic changes in male germ cells.Epigenetic regulation during spermatogenesis plays an important role in mitotic/meiotic divisions and spermiogenesis.The histones have various post-translational modifications on different amino acid residues during spermatogenesis.These modifications are crucial to the precise regulation of spermatogenesis.Moreover,the histone-to-protamine transition ...
Hsu Anne S AS School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
We measured utility curves for the hypothetical monetary costs as a function of time engaged in three everyday physical activities: walking, standing, and sitting. We found that activities requiring more physical exertion resulted in steeper discount curves, i.e., perceived cost as a function of time. We also examined the effects ...
Abbey Bryce M BM Human Performance Lab, Department of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of Nebraska Kearney, Kearney, Nebraska - - 2014
Hydration is utilized by athletic governing organizations for weight class eligibility. The measurement of urinary specific gravity (USG) as a measure of hydration by reagent strips is a controversial issue. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of HydraTrend™ Reagent Strips that facilitate the correction of USG ...
Mowrey William R WR Center for Neural Development and Disease, Department of Biomedical Genetics, and Department of Biology, University of Rochester, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York - - 2014
Sex differences in shared behaviors (for example, locomotion and feeding) are a nearly universal feature of animal biology. Though these behaviors may share underlying neural programs, their kinematics can exhibit robust differences between males and females. The neural underpinnings of these differences are poorly understood because of the often-untested assumption ...
Witham Miles D MD Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Dundee, - - 2014
Weather is a potentially important determinant of physical activity. Little work has been done examining the relationship between weather and physical activity, and potential modifiers of any relationship in older people. We therefore examined the relationship between weather and physical activity in a cohort of older community-dwelling people. We analysed ...
Mick Paul P University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
ObjectiveTo determine if age-related hearing loss is associated with social isolation and whether factors such as age, gender, income, race, or hearing aid use moderated the association.Study DesignCross-sectional.SettingRandomly sampled United States communities.Subjects and MethodsCross-sectional data on adults 60 to 84 years old from the 1999 to 2006 cycles of the ...
Zolin Stefan Dias SD Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia - Pavilhão Fernandinho Simonsen, Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence, topography and morphometry of sensitive nervous anastomoses in the hand. Thirty anatomic parts irrespective of race, gender and age have been dissected. Measurements of anastomoses' length, origin and terminus regarding the transverse carpal ligament were noted. The anastomoses were classified ...
Bertoletti Laura L Department of Drug Sciences, University of Pavia, Viale Taramelli 12, 27100 Pavia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
By using a high resolution top-down and bottom-up approach we identified and characterized the AGEs of beta2-microglobulin (β2-m) formed by incubating the protein in the presence of glucose and of the main reactive carbonyl species. Glucose induced glycation on the N-terminal residue, while glyoxal (GO) and methylglyoxal (MGO) covalently reacted ...
Le Couteur David G - - 2013
Posttranslational modifications of circulating proteins such as immunoglobulins may prove to be important biomarkers of aging.
Nasario-Junior Olivassé O Programa de Engenharia Biomédica, COPPE, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2013
Deceleration capacity (DC) of heart rate is a measure of cardiac vagal modulation. This study introduced a DC adaptation (Modified Index) that measured the velocity of change in the phase-rectified signal averaging curve, and assessed its ability to discriminate athletes from controls. The Modified Index was compared to Standard DC ...
Guerra Rita S - - 2013
Handgrip strength (HGS) is a marker of nutrition status. Many factors are associated with HGS. Age, height, body mass index, number of diagnoses, and number and type of drugs have been shown to modify the association between undernutrition and HGS. Nevertheless, other patient characteristics that could modify this association and ...
Xu Zongli - - 2013
Epigenetic marks are extensively altered in cancer, but may also change in normal tissues with age, which is the primary risk factor for most cancers. We conducted an epigenome-wide study to identify age-related methylation sites and examine their relationship to cancer and other underlying epigenetic marks. We analyzed 1,006 blood ...
Werner Timothy J - - 2013
We hypothesized that the combination of nebivolol and lifestyle modification would reduce large artery stiffness in middle-aged and older hypertensive adults more than either intervention alone. To address this, 45 men and women (age 40-75 years) with stage I hypertension were randomized to receive either nebivolol (NB; forced titration to ...
Abe Takashi - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the age-related site-specific muscle loss of the upper and lower extremities and trunk in men and women. Japanese nonobese adults aged 20-79 (n = 1559, 52 % women) had muscle thickness (MTH) measured by ultrasound at nine sites on the anterior and posterior aspects of ...
Kim Ji-Hyun - - 2013
Abstract The predictability of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) for the presence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) was investigated by measuring baPWV in 501 subjects scheduled for coronary angiography. Severity of CAD was measured using modified Gensini stenosis score (GSS) and classified as a vessel disease score (VDS) ...
Boyce Christopher J - - 2013
Higher income is associated with greater well-being, but do income gains and losses affect well-being differently? Loss aversion, whereby losses loom larger than gains, is typically examined in relation to decisions about anticipated outcomes. Here, using subjective-well-being data from Germany (N = 28,723) and the United Kingdom (N = 20,570), ...
Crossman Allan - - 2013
We have re-analysed models of the breakdown of dioecy involving modified males, to investigate female frequencies in the resulting gynodioecious populations. We extend and simplify previous treatments to deal with biologically relevant factors including pollen limitation, partial selfing of modified males, and inbreeding depression, to highlight the different empirically detectable ...
Fujimoto Chisato - - 2013
To assess the influence of factors that can affect postural instability in vestibular neuritis (VN). Retrospective data collection study. Foam posturography was performed in 58 VN patients. We examined 6 variables: the velocity of movement of the center of pressure (COP) and the envelopment area in eyes closed/foam rubber condition, ...
Ramamurthy B - - 2013
Glycation, a non-enzymatic addition of reducing sugars to ε-amino groups of proteins, is a post-translational modification that results in the formation of irreversible advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Ageing related decline in myofibrillar protein function is effected by a number of structural and functional modifications including glycation. Functional properties of ...
Benetos Athanase - - 2013
SHORT LEUKOCYTE TELOMERE LENGTH (LTL) IS ASSOCIATED WITH ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN ADULTS AND: diminished survival in the elderly. LTL dynamics are defined by LTL at birth, which is highly variable, and its age dependent attrition thereafter, which is rapid during the first 20 years of life. We examined whether age-dependent LTL ...
Negrete Rodney J - - 2013
Agonist to antagonist strength data is commonly analyzed due to its association with injury and performance. The purpose of this study was to examine the agonist to antagonist ratio of upper body strength using two simple field tests (timed push up/timed modified pull up) in recreationally active adults and to ...
Mahler Heike I M - - 2013
There is limited empirical evidence regarding differences in sun protection practices in different regions of the USA. This study examined whether there are regional differences in the efficacy of exposure to UV photographs and photoaging information (e.g. wrinkles and age spots) for increasing sun protection behaviours. Students attending a public ...
Maring Joyce R - - 2013
Abstract Unlike the aging population without intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), few standardized performance measures exist to assess physical function and risk for adverse outcomes such as nonfatal, unintentional injuries. We modified 3 selected standardized performance tools in the areas of general fitness (2-Minute Walk Test), balance and gait (Performance-Oriented ...
Gonda Tomoya - - 2013
Purpose: This study identifies clinical factors that predict multiple tooth loss in a socioculturally diverse population of older adults. Materials and Methods: A total of 193 participants from English-, Chinese-, or Punjabi-speaking communities in Vancouver, British Columbia, with low incomes and irregular use of dental services were followed for 5 ...
Chen Chung-Hwan - - 2013
Longitudinal data on bone decline in ethnic Chinese elderly are sparse, especially in healthy, aged women. This study reviews the longitudinal change in bone mineral density (BMD) at the femoral neck, great trochanter, and Ward's triangle in healthy elderly Taiwanese women. A prospective cohort study was conducted, with 1500 women ...
Liao Chuh-Kai - - 2013
ABSTRACT: In this study, we analyzed the key parameters of modified transcutaneous lower blepharoplasty based on multidisciplinary principles (biochemical findings and biophysical wrinkling theory). A total of 408 female patients received our subciliary lower blepharoplasty between March 2002 and January 2010. The severity of the eyebags (dynamic wrinkle numbers and ...
Rodriguez Olivier - - 2013
A preliminary inquiry, conducted on Martinique Island, sought to determine professional skippers' sun-protection knowledge and behavior. Fifty-two skippers (mean age: 41 years) completed a questionnaire; 39 (75 %) had a simple sunburn over the last 6 months and 3 (6%) severe sunburn; 54 (64%) declared achieving sun protection by wearing ...
Perry Guy M L - - 2013
Our work in a rodent model of urinary calcium suggests genetic and gender effects on increased residual variability in urine chemistries. Based on these findings, we hypothesized that sex would similarly be associated with residual variation in human urine solutes. Sex-related effects on residuals might affect the establishment of physiological ...
Lopez Vincent V Department of Occupational Medicine, University Hospital CHU G. Montpied, Clermont-Ferrand, - - 2013
To assess residual long-term microcirculation abnormalities by capillaroscopy, 15 years after retiring from occupational exposure to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). Cross-sectional study. Allier, one of the major areas of polyvinyl chloride production in France. We screened 761 (97% men) retired workers exposed to chemical toxics. Exposure to chemicals other than ...
Shibuya Y - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with the masticatory dysfunction after maxillectomy using a colour-changing chewing gum. Thirty-nine patients who underwent maxillectomy between January 2002 and May 2010 in the Department of Kobe University Hospital were recruited for this study. There were 20 male ...
Agarwal Ravinder - - 2012
Impact of agriculture crop-residue burning (ACRB) was studied on pulmonary function tests (PFTs) of 50 healthy subjects (13-53 years). Human subjects with no previous history of lung disease were residents of five sampling sites. Investigations were carried out from February 2007 to January 2010 using spirometry. Simultaneously, concentration levels of ...
Avila Jesus - - 2013
Tau protein could appear like a family of multiple isoforms rising by alternative splicing of its nuclear RNA or by different posttranslational modifications. The levels (or proportion) of these different tau isoforms could change in different neurons during development, aging or disease (tauopathies) in mammals. It is discussed that in ...
Jung David - - 2012
We evaluated the association of hearing loss with employment and income in adults. Patients with a coded diagnosis of hearing loss were identified from the 2006 and 2008 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey linked household and medical conditions files and compared to patients without hearing loss. Differences in employment, wage income, ...
Akbarzadeh Kamran - - 2012
Bait-trapping appears to be a generally useful method of studying fly populations. The aim of this study was to construct a new adult flytrap by some modifications in former versions and to evaluate its applicability in a subtropical zone in southern Iran. The traps were constructed with modification by adding ...
Wong Mee-Lian ML Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health (MD 3), National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore. - - 2012
Globalization has led to a rapid influx of female workers from Asian countries with high prevalence of HIV to Singapore, with many entering the entertainment industry. We assessed the prevalence of sexual services, condom use, and self-initiated screening for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and associated variables among foreign female entertainment ...
Hooi Michelle Y S - - 2012
Racemisation is one of the most abundant modifications in long-lived proteins. It has been proposed that the accumulation of such modifications over time could lead to changes in tissues and ultimately human age-related diseases. Serine is one of the main amino acids involved in racemisation, however the site of D-Ser ...
Sobczak Jf - - 2012
The male of Hymenoepimecis japi (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Pimplinae) is described and illustrated. The specimen was collected in a modified web (cocoon web) of Leucauge roseosignata (Araneae, Tetragnathidae) made in a laboratory. Both, host and parasitoid were collected in Reserva Biológica Serra do Japi, located in Jundiaí, São Paulo, Brazil.
Hobara Hiroaki - - 2012
Background: Patterns and ease of stair ambulation influence amputees' level of satisfaction with their rehabilitation, confidence level, and motivation for continued rehabilitation, demonstrating the importance of stair-ascent data for rehabilitation. However, little is known about the determinants of stair-ascent patterns in unilateral transfemoral amputees.Objectives: To investigate the factors affecting stair-ascent ...
Mutombo P B PB Department of Environmental & Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University School of Medicine, Izumo, - - 2013
Polymorphisms in uncoupling protein (UCP) genes have been strongly associated with energy expenditure and obesity. This study aimed at investigating the effects of UCP gene polymorphisms (UCP1 -3826A/G, UCP2A/V, UCP2 I/D, and UCP3 -55C/T) on change in body mass index (BMI) during a lifestyle modification program in Japanese subjects. Intervention ...
Blamey Peter - - 2012
Objective: To update a 15-year-old study of 800 postlinguistically deaf adult patients showing how duration of severe to profound hearing loss, age at cochlear implantation (CI), age at onset of severe to profound hearing loss, etiology and CI experience affected CI outcome. Study Design: Retrospective multicenter study. Methods: Data from ...
Tschanz Joann T JT Department of Psychology, Utah State University, Logan, UT, - - 2013
Stressful life events (SLE) have been associated with increased dementia risk, but their association with cognitive decline has been inconsistent. In a longitudinal population-based study of older individuals, we examined the association between SLE and cognitive decline, and the role of potential effect modifiers. A total of 2665 non-demented participants ...
Koerner Jane - - 2012
Background HIV infections among men who have sex with men (MSM) are increasing in Japan. Method: An anonymous self-administered questionnaire among clients of a gay bar in Osaka was used to analyse the relationship between age and unprotected anal sex (UAI). Results: The highest rate of UAI was reported among ...
Dunston Christopher R - - 2012
Humans undergo biological ageing at different rates. This associates with functional decline in a number of physiological systems and increasing incidence of age-related pathologies. The discovery of robust biomarkers of ageing could be used to identify early divergence from a path of healthy ageing towards age-related disease. In the present ...
Misztal-Szkudlińska Małgorzata - - 2012
Total mercury levels in different feather types (down, contour, tail and flight) in Great Cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo L.) were determined using CV-AAS. Feathers from Great Cormorants inhabiting the Vistula Lagoon ecosystem have an average Hg level of 7.14 ± 3.99 (μg/g w.w.). Age-dependent concentrations of Hg were statistically significant (ANOVA ...
Li Xuefei - - 2012
Purpose: To investigate the prevalence of visual impairment in a rural northern Chinese population. Methods: A cross-sectional, population-based survey was conducted in 2010 in Ci County, Hebei Province in northern China. Residents aged 7 years and older in Lucunying Town, located within Ci County, underwent presenting visual acuity (VA) testing ...
Nwaneri Chukwuemeka - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine the life expectancy and mortality rates in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus when compared with the UK general population; to measure the years of life lost. DESIGN: Longitudinal and retrospective cohort study. SETTING: The Wirral Peninsula in the northwest of England. PARTICIPANTS: Total of 13 620 patients ...
Demeter Fabrice - - 2012
Uncertainties surround the timing of modern human emergence and occupation in East and Southeast Asia. Although genetic and archeological data indicate a rapid migration out of Africa and into Southeast Asia by at least 60 ka, mainland Southeast Asia is notable for its absence of fossil evidence for early modern ...
Ewig Santiago - - 2012
C(U)RB-65 is now a generally accepted severity score for patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Europe.In an observational study based on the large database from the German nationwide performance measurement program in healthcare quality including data from all hospitalised patients with CAP during 2008-2010, different CRB-age groups across the total ...
Ren Xiangling - - 2012
Highly fluorescent Ag nanoclusters (NCs) were successfully prepared by a simple and nontoxic approach, and the as-prepared Ag NCs could be utilized for the AFu detection with a lower detection limit of 0.001 U L(-1).
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