Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1409
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Talabi Ademola Olusegun AO Obafemi Awolowo University, Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun, Nigeria, - - 2014
Childhood typhoid ileal perforation is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to ascertain the predictors of survival in children. This is a tertiary hospital-based retrospective review of patients aged ≤15 years managed for typhoid ileal perforations between January 2005 and December 2013. The details of their biodata, potential ...
Zhu Hailin H Key Laboratory of Fiber Materials and Processing Technology, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, - - 2014
The modified mesoporous 58S bioglass (SM58S) was prepared through surface modification of the mesoporous 58S bioglass (M58S) with γ-aminopropyl triethoxysilane (KH550). The results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed that the amino groups were grafted to the surface of M58S after modification with KH550. The ...
Kachel Kim K a Tennis Australia , Melbourne , - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this article was to examine the effect of equipment scaling, through the modification of tennis ball compression, on elite junior tennis players (aged 10 years) within a match-play context. The two types of ball compressions that were compared were the standard compression (the normal ball) and 75% ...
Agnifili Luca L Medicine and Ageing Science, Ophthalmic Clinic, University G. d'Annunzio of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy, Via dei Vestini, Chieti, 66100, Italy - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate modifications with aging of the presence, distribution and morphologic features of conjunctiva-associated lymphoid tissue (CALT) in healthy human subjects using laser scanning in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). Methods: 108 (age range: 17-75 years old) subjects were enrolled. IVCM of the tarsal and bulbar conjunctiva, and impression cytology ...
Skowronski Danuta M DM British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
To understand A(H1N1)pdm09 epidemic resurgence during the 2013-14 influenza season, we compared age-related cross-sectional estimates of sero-protection pre-pandemic (2009) and post-pandemic (2010 and 2013) to subsequent surveillance-based laboratory-confirmed A(H1N1)pdm09 incidence in British Columbia, Canada. Pre-pandemic sero-protection was negligible except among the very old ³80 years (80%). Conversely, post-pandemic sero-protection followed ...
Richmond-Bryant Jennifer J National Center for Environmental Assessment, US Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, - - 2014
There is abundant literature finding that susceptibility factors, including race and ethnicity, age, and housing, directly influence blood lead levels. No study has explored how susceptibility factors influence the blood lead-air lead relationship nationally. The objective is to evaluate whether susceptibility factors act as effect measure modifiers on the blood ...
Froehner Michael M Department of Urology, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To test a novel and easy-to-use mortality index developed and validated in a nationally representative US sample of older adults in patients selected for radical prostatectomy. The sample comprised 2205 consecutive patients who underwent radical prostatectomy in the years 1992-2005. The median age was 64 years and the median follow-up was ...
Payehdar Somaieh S Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Different types of foot orthoses have been prescribed for patients with flatfoot. Results of several studies have shown that orthoses were able to change balance parameters in people with flatfoot. However, the possible effect of orthosis flexibility on balance has not yet been investigated. The aim of the current study ...
Yeo Woon-Seok WS Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Bio/Molecular Informatics Center, Konkuk University, Seoul, 143-701, Republic of - - 2014
This review highlights the significance of protein tyrosine nitration (PTN) in signal transduction pathways, the progress achieved in analytical methods, and the implication of nitration in the cellular pathophysiology of aging and age-related neurodegenerative diseases. Although mass spectrometry of nitrated peptides has become a powerful tool for the characterization of ...
Jaleel Bushranaaz Fathima - - 2014
Aim: To assess the prevalence of tooth loss and to evaluate and compare the risk indicators associated with tooth loss among adults in urban and rural areas of Davangere taluk, India. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1200 adults (632 males, 568 females) aged 35-74 years in urban and ...
Dable Rajani A RA Department of Prosthodontics, Guardian college of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Ambernath, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, Tel: +912512686187; Fax: +912512686179; e-mail: - - 2014
Background: Tooth loss can be distressing and sometimes devastating as it can lead to the serious psychosocial consequences which can affect the person's quality of life. The purpose of this study is to explore and investigate the emotional effect of tooth loss and its relationship with the person's wellbeing. The ...
Choe Dong-Hwan - - 2014
Fresh and aged residual deposits of several insecticide products were tested against bed bug adults to determine if a recent bloodmeal affected their mortality response to the residues. The bed bugs with a recent bloodmeal survived significantly longer compared with the unfed ones on their exposure to fresh or aged ...
Manrique-Saide P P Departamento de Zoología, Campus de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Merida, - - 2014
Despite decades of research, there is still no agreement on which indices of Aedes aegypti (Stegomyia aegypti) (Diptera: Culicidae) presence and abundance better quantify entomological risk for dengue. This study reports the results of a multi-scale, cross-sectional entomological survey carried out in 1160 households in the city of Merida, Mexico ...
Grossi Manoela Gomes MG Instituto Dante Pazzanese de Cardiologia, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Objective To define donors' profile of an Organ and Tissue Procurement Center and compare the family consent for tissue donation before and after modification of the Donation Term. Methods A descriptive, documentary and quantitative study performed in an Organ and Tissue Procurement Center, analyzed 111 feasible donors' charts in the ...
Lampi Kirsten J KJ Oregon Health & Science University, Integrative Biosciences, 611 SW Campus Drive, Portland, OR 97239, - - 2014
Crystallins are the major proteins in the lens of the eye and function to maintain transparency of the lens. Of the human crystallins, α, β, and γ, the β-crystallins remain the most elusive in their structural significance due to their greater number of subunits and possible oligomer formations. The β-crystallins ...
Xiao-Yan Pan P Department of Histology and Embryology, Jilin Medical College, Jilin, Jilin 132013, - - 2014
:Many pathological phenomena of male infertility are related to epigenetic changes in male germ cells.Epigenetic regulation during spermatogenesis plays an important role in mitotic/meiotic divisions and spermiogenesis.The histones have various post-translational modifications on different amino acid residues during spermatogenesis.These modifications are crucial to the precise regulation of spermatogenesis.Moreover,the histone-to-protamine transition ...
Hsu Anne S AS School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
We measured utility curves for the hypothetical monetary costs as a function of time engaged in three everyday physical activities: walking, standing, and sitting. We found that activities requiring more physical exertion resulted in steeper discount curves, i.e., perceived cost as a function of time. We also examined the effects ...
Abbey Bryce M BM Human Performance Lab, Department of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of Nebraska Kearney, Kearney, Nebraska - - 2014
Hydration is utilized by athletic governing organizations for weight class eligibility. The measurement of urinary specific gravity (USG) as a measure of hydration by reagent strips is a controversial issue. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of HydraTrend™ Reagent Strips that facilitate the correction of USG ...
Mowrey William R WR Center for Neural Development and Disease, Department of Biomedical Genetics, and Department of Biology, University of Rochester, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York - - 2014
Sex differences in shared behaviors (for example, locomotion and feeding) are a nearly universal feature of animal biology. Though these behaviors may share underlying neural programs, their kinematics can exhibit robust differences between males and females. The neural underpinnings of these differences are poorly understood because of the often-untested assumption ...
Witham Miles D MD Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Dundee, - - 2014
Weather is a potentially important determinant of physical activity. Little work has been done examining the relationship between weather and physical activity, and potential modifiers of any relationship in older people. We therefore examined the relationship between weather and physical activity in a cohort of older community-dwelling people. We analysed ...
Mick Paul P University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
ObjectiveTo determine if age-related hearing loss is associated with social isolation and whether factors such as age, gender, income, race, or hearing aid use moderated the association.Study DesignCross-sectional.SettingRandomly sampled United States communities.Subjects and MethodsCross-sectional data on adults 60 to 84 years old from the 1999 to 2006 cycles of the ...
Zolin Stefan Dias SD Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia - Pavilhão Fernandinho Simonsen, Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence, topography and morphometry of sensitive nervous anastomoses in the hand. Thirty anatomic parts irrespective of race, gender and age have been dissected. Measurements of anastomoses' length, origin and terminus regarding the transverse carpal ligament were noted. The anastomoses were classified ...
Guo Gang G State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, People's Republic of - - 2014
This study investigated ageing-resistant properties of carboxyl-terminated polyester (polyethylene glycol terephthalate) composites modified with nanoscale titanium dioxide particles (nano-TiO2). The nano-TiO2 was pretreated by a dry coating method, with aluminate coupling agent as a functional grafting additive. The agglomeration resistance was evaluated, which exhibited significant improvement for the modified nanoparticles. ...
Wang Yong Y 1] Department of Biological Engineering and Dalton Cardiovascular Research Center University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA - - 2014
Both cytosine-Ag-cytosine interactions and cytosine modifications in a DNA duplex have attracted great interest for research. Cytosine (C) modifications such as methylcytosine (mC) and hydroxymethylcytosine (hmC) are associated with tumorigenesis. However, a method for directly discriminating C, mC and hmC bases without labeling, modification and amplification is still missing. Additionally, ...
Wu Haixia H State Key Laboratory for Infectious Diseases Prevention and Control, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, - - 2014
Background : Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a contagious viral illness that commonly affects infants and children. This infection is an emerging infectious disease in Rizhao in recent years. The present study examined the short-term effects of meteorological factors on adolescent HFMD in Rizhao. Design : A generalized ...
Caglar Erkan E Department of Gastroenterology, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, 34098 Istanbul, Turkey ; Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Fatih, 34098 Istanbul, - - 2014
Objectives. We have investigated the changes in the incidence of various diagnoses that have been made in the endoscopy unit throughout the last 40 years. Methods. In this study, changes in the incidence of endoscopic diagnosis in upper gastrointestinal system between 1970 and 2010 were evaluated. Their diagnosis, age, and ...
Yamamichi Nobutake N Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
Double-contrast upper gastrointestinal barium X-ray radiography (UGI-XR) is one of the most widely conducted gastric cancer screening methods. It has been executed to find gastric cancer, but has not been usually executed to detect premalignant atrophic mucosa of stomach. To understand the meaning of UGI-XR-based atrophic gastritis, we analyzed its ...
Bertoletti Laura L Department of Drug Sciences, University of Pavia, Viale Taramelli 12, 27100 Pavia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
By using a high resolution top-down and bottom-up approach we identified and characterized the AGEs of beta2-microglobulin (β2-m) formed by incubating the protein in the presence of glucose and of the main reactive carbonyl species. Glucose induced glycation on the N-terminal residue, while glyoxal (GO) and methylglyoxal (MGO) covalently reacted ...
Le Couteur David G - - 2013
Posttranslational modifications of circulating proteins such as immunoglobulins may prove to be important biomarkers of aging.
Nasario-Junior Olivassé O Programa de Engenharia Biomédica, COPPE, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2013
Deceleration capacity (DC) of heart rate is a measure of cardiac vagal modulation. This study introduced a DC adaptation (Modified Index) that measured the velocity of change in the phase-rectified signal averaging curve, and assessed its ability to discriminate athletes from controls. The Modified Index was compared to Standard DC ...
Guerra Rita S - - 2013
Handgrip strength (HGS) is a marker of nutrition status. Many factors are associated with HGS. Age, height, body mass index, number of diagnoses, and number and type of drugs have been shown to modify the association between undernutrition and HGS. Nevertheless, other patient characteristics that could modify this association and ...
Xu Zongli - - 2013
Epigenetic marks are extensively altered in cancer, but may also change in normal tissues with age, which is the primary risk factor for most cancers. We conducted an epigenome-wide study to identify age-related methylation sites and examine their relationship to cancer and other underlying epigenetic marks. We analyzed 1,006 blood ...
Werner Timothy J - - 2013
We hypothesized that the combination of nebivolol and lifestyle modification would reduce large artery stiffness in middle-aged and older hypertensive adults more than either intervention alone. To address this, 45 men and women (age 40-75 years) with stage I hypertension were randomized to receive either nebivolol (NB; forced titration to ...
Abe Takashi - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the age-related site-specific muscle loss of the upper and lower extremities and trunk in men and women. Japanese nonobese adults aged 20-79 (n = 1559, 52 % women) had muscle thickness (MTH) measured by ultrasound at nine sites on the anterior and posterior aspects of ...
Kim Ji-Hyun - - 2013
Abstract The predictability of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) for the presence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) was investigated by measuring baPWV in 501 subjects scheduled for coronary angiography. Severity of CAD was measured using modified Gensini stenosis score (GSS) and classified as a vessel disease score (VDS) ...
Boyce Christopher J - - 2013
Higher income is associated with greater well-being, but do income gains and losses affect well-being differently? Loss aversion, whereby losses loom larger than gains, is typically examined in relation to decisions about anticipated outcomes. Here, using subjective-well-being data from Germany (N = 28,723) and the United Kingdom (N = 20,570), ...
Crossman Allan - - 2013
We have re-analysed models of the breakdown of dioecy involving modified males, to investigate female frequencies in the resulting gynodioecious populations. We extend and simplify previous treatments to deal with biologically relevant factors including pollen limitation, partial selfing of modified males, and inbreeding depression, to highlight the different empirically detectable ...
Fujimoto Chisato - - 2013
To assess the influence of factors that can affect postural instability in vestibular neuritis (VN). Retrospective data collection study. Foam posturography was performed in 58 VN patients. We examined 6 variables: the velocity of movement of the center of pressure (COP) and the envelopment area in eyes closed/foam rubber condition, ...
Ramamurthy B - - 2013
Glycation, a non-enzymatic addition of reducing sugars to ε-amino groups of proteins, is a post-translational modification that results in the formation of irreversible advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Ageing related decline in myofibrillar protein function is effected by a number of structural and functional modifications including glycation. Functional properties of ...
Benetos Athanase - - 2013
SHORT LEUKOCYTE TELOMERE LENGTH (LTL) IS ASSOCIATED WITH ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN ADULTS AND: diminished survival in the elderly. LTL dynamics are defined by LTL at birth, which is highly variable, and its age dependent attrition thereafter, which is rapid during the first 20 years of life. We examined whether age-dependent LTL ...
Negrete Rodney J - - 2013
Agonist to antagonist strength data is commonly analyzed due to its association with injury and performance. The purpose of this study was to examine the agonist to antagonist ratio of upper body strength using two simple field tests (timed push up/timed modified pull up) in recreationally active adults and to ...
Mahler Heike I M - - 2013
There is limited empirical evidence regarding differences in sun protection practices in different regions of the USA. This study examined whether there are regional differences in the efficacy of exposure to UV photographs and photoaging information (e.g. wrinkles and age spots) for increasing sun protection behaviours. Students attending a public ...
Maring Joyce R - - 2013
Abstract Unlike the aging population without intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), few standardized performance measures exist to assess physical function and risk for adverse outcomes such as nonfatal, unintentional injuries. We modified 3 selected standardized performance tools in the areas of general fitness (2-Minute Walk Test), balance and gait (Performance-Oriented ...
Gonda Tomoya - - 2013
Purpose: This study identifies clinical factors that predict multiple tooth loss in a socioculturally diverse population of older adults. Materials and Methods: A total of 193 participants from English-, Chinese-, or Punjabi-speaking communities in Vancouver, British Columbia, with low incomes and irregular use of dental services were followed for 5 ...
Chen Chung-Hwan - - 2013
Longitudinal data on bone decline in ethnic Chinese elderly are sparse, especially in healthy, aged women. This study reviews the longitudinal change in bone mineral density (BMD) at the femoral neck, great trochanter, and Ward's triangle in healthy elderly Taiwanese women. A prospective cohort study was conducted, with 1500 women ...
Liao Chuh-Kai - - 2013
ABSTRACT: In this study, we analyzed the key parameters of modified transcutaneous lower blepharoplasty based on multidisciplinary principles (biochemical findings and biophysical wrinkling theory). A total of 408 female patients received our subciliary lower blepharoplasty between March 2002 and January 2010. The severity of the eyebags (dynamic wrinkle numbers and ...
Rodriguez Olivier - - 2013
A preliminary inquiry, conducted on Martinique Island, sought to determine professional skippers' sun-protection knowledge and behavior. Fifty-two skippers (mean age: 41 years) completed a questionnaire; 39 (75 %) had a simple sunburn over the last 6 months and 3 (6%) severe sunburn; 54 (64%) declared achieving sun protection by wearing ...
Perry Guy M L - - 2013
Our work in a rodent model of urinary calcium suggests genetic and gender effects on increased residual variability in urine chemistries. Based on these findings, we hypothesized that sex would similarly be associated with residual variation in human urine solutes. Sex-related effects on residuals might affect the establishment of physiological ...
Lopez Vincent V Department of Occupational Medicine, University Hospital CHU G. Montpied, Clermont-Ferrand, - - 2013
To assess residual long-term microcirculation abnormalities by capillaroscopy, 15 years after retiring from occupational exposure to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). Cross-sectional study. Allier, one of the major areas of polyvinyl chloride production in France. We screened 761 (97% men) retired workers exposed to chemical toxics. Exposure to chemicals other than ...
Shibuya Y - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with the masticatory dysfunction after maxillectomy using a colour-changing chewing gum. Thirty-nine patients who underwent maxillectomy between January 2002 and May 2010 in the Department of Kobe University Hospital were recruited for this study. There were 20 male ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >