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Brémond Philippe - - 2014
Wild populations of Triatoma infestans are now believed to be the source of reinfestation of dwellings in some Andean areas and could impede the full achievement of vector control campaigns in this region. Given the poor knowledge of these populations in natural conditions, their basic biology traits, such as monthly ...
Marshall R C RC National Health Laboratory Services, Johannesburg, South Africa; Department of Molecular Medicine and Haematology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South - - 2014
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous clonal disorder of hemopoietic progenitor cells diagnosed in individuals of any age, but with a median age of 67 years at presentation in adults. Assessment of the mutation status of nucleophosmin protein-1 (NPM1) and FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) is essential ...
Liker András A Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, Alfred Denny Building, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK; Department of Limnology, University of Pannonia, PO Box 158, 8201 Veszprém, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adult sex ratio (ASR) is a fundamental concept in population demography, and recent theory suggests that ASR plays a central role in social behavior, mating systems, and parental care [1-6]. Unbalanced ASRs are predicted to influence pair-bond and mating behavior, since the rarer sex in the population has more potential ...
Borries Carola C Department of Anthropology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY; Interdepartmental Doctoral Program in Anthropological Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, - - 2014
In primates and other mammals, weaning is an equivocal concept, as is reflected in the numerous ways it is measured: a) first intake of solid food, b) conflict over access to the nipple, c) ability to survive without mother, d) maternal resumption of cycling, or e) the cessation of nipple ...
Rönnbäck Cecilia C Department of Ophthalmology, Glostrup Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To investigate retinal trunk vessel diameters in subjects with autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA) and mutation-free healthy relatives. This cross-sectional study included 52 ADOA patients with the optic atrophy 1 (OPA1) exon 28 (c.2826_2836delinsGGATGCTCCA) mutation (age 8.6-83.5 years) (best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) 8-94 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) letters) and ...
Letsas Konstantinos P KP Second Department of Cardiology, Evangelismos General Hospital of Athens, 10676 Athens, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
The ECG characteristics of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) in subjects with Brugada syndrome (BrS) phenotype were investigated. A total of 96 patients with type 1 ECG pattern of BrS were screened for PVCs. The study population consisted of 10 male individuals (mean age 41.9±5.6years) with spontaneous (n=2) or drug-induced (n=8) ...
Mori Kanji K From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shiga University of Medical Science, Tsukinowa-cho, Seta, Otsu, Shiga, - - 2014
A cross-sectional study. To gain an insight into the prevalence, morphology, and distribution of thoracic ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine (T-OPLL) by computed tomography (CT) and review of the literature. The epidemiology and cause of T-OPLL remains obscure. To date, to the best of our knowledge, ...
Shokri Abbas A Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Dental School, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, - - 2014
This study was performed to evaluate the position of impacted mandibular third molars in different skeletal facial types among a group of Iranian patients. A total of 400 mandibular third molars in 200 subjects with different types of facial growth were radiographically investigated for their positions according to their types ...
Her Jin-Gang JG Department of Physical Therapy, Hallym College, Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine pillow designs suitable for supine and side-lying positions. [Subjects] Twenty female and twenty male subjects with a mean age of 22.7 years (SD = 1.3) participated in the study. [Methods] First, a three-dimensional motion analysis system was used to analyze the movements of ...
Sun Jiandong J AusSun Research Laboratory, Queensland University of Technology; NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence in Sun and - - 2014
Personal ultraviolet dosimeters have been used in epidemiological studies to understand the risks and benefits of individuals' exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR). We investigated the types and determinants of non-compliance associated with a protocol for use of polysulphone UVR dosimeters. In the AusD Study, 1,002 Australian adults (aged 18-75 ...
Niedzwiedz Claire L CL 1 Institute of Health and Wellbeing, Public Health, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2014
Whether socioeconomic inequalities in health and well-being persist into old age and are narrower in more generous welfare states is debated. We investigated the magnitude of socioeconomic inequality in the quality of life of Europeans in early old age and the influence of the welfare regime type on these relationships. ...
Pitt James J JJ Victorian Clinical Genetics Services, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia, - - 2014
Primary hyperoxaluria type 3 (PH3) is a recently identified inborn error of 4-hydroxyproline metabolism causing kidney stone disease. Diagnosis to date has relied on mutation detection. The excretion of 4-hydroxyglutamate (4OHGlu) was investigated in controls and a cohort of nine patients with PH3 and their parents using flow injection tandem ...
Leikas S S Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present longitudinal study examined personality types, their change, and their relations with life outcomes and well-being in a sample of young Finns (N=493) that was followed from age 15 to 23. The Big Five traits were measured at ages 20 and 23, and four personality types - Resilients, Overcontrollers, ...
Wirtz John G JG College of Media, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL. Electronic address: - - 2014
To test the effect of narrative messages and gain- and loss-framed messages on persuasive outcomes with a sample of Hispanic adults. A 2 (message type: narrative, non-narrative) × 2 (message frame: gain-framed, loss-framed) between subjects posttest only. Data were collected at 2 outdoor festivals in West Texas. Participants were a ...
Hall Susan A SA Department of Epidemiology, New England Research Institutes, Watertown, MA, - - 2014
Prescription testosterone (T) has limited approved medical indications and is a controlled substance in Canada. Utilization studies in other Westernized countries have revealed sharp increases in T use in recent years. We examined medical use of androgens, including T, over a ≥30-year period among adult (18+) men in a population-based ...
Islam S T ST Institute of Endocrinology and Diabetes, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead; Discipline of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Sydney, - - 2014
To examine temporal trends in anthropometry in children with Type 1 diabetes from Sydney, Australia. We conducted a retrospective study in a total of 1975 children with Type 1 diabetes, aged <16 years, between 1990 and 2009. Trends in height, weight and BMI standard deviation score after initial stabilization were ...
Williams Ryan P RP Private practice, Weatherford, Okla. Electronic address: - - 2014
The correction of a deviated midline can involve complicated mechanics and a protracted treatment. The threshold below which midline deviations are considered acceptable might depend on multiple factors. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of facial type on laypersons' perceptions of various degrees of midline deviation. ...
Guo K J KJ Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221002, - - 2014
Corticosteroid use has been implicated in the development of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). The exact mechanism and predisposing factors such as age, gender, dosage, type and combination of steroid treatment remain controversial. Between March and July 2003, a total of 539 patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) ...
Araújo Fábio F Institute of Public Health - University of Porto (ISPUP), Porto, Portugal; Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Predictive Medicine and Public Health, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Context: Sagittal standing posture is associated with musculoskeletal symptoms and quality of life. However, the frequency and determinants of suboptimal sagittal alignment outside the clinical context remain to be clarified. To estimate the association of sociodemographic, anthropometric and behavioral characteristics with sagittal standing posture among adults from the general population. ...
Nakagawa Mikiko M Department of Cardiology and Clinical Examination, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, 1-1 Idaigaoka, Yufu City, Oita 879-5593, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent studies showed that J-waves are associated with vulnerability to ventricular fibrillation. Recently we reported the association between false tendons (FTs) and J-waves in a retrospective study. We prospectively studied 50 young healthy men (mean age 24.6±2.7years). FTs were detected echocardiographically and classified based on their points of attachment as ...
Dinella Lisa M LM Department of Psychology, Monmouth University, 400 Cedar Ave. West, Long Branch, NJ, 07764, USA, - - 2014
Gender segregation of careers is still prominent in the U.S. workforce. The current study was designed to investigate the role of sex-typed personality traits and gender identity in predicting emerging adults' interests in sex-typed careers. Participants included 586 university students (185 males, 401 females). Participants reported their sex-typed personality traits ...
Duan Li L School of Materials Science and Engineering, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710064, China. - - 2014
Ag-N dual-doped ZnO films have been fabricated by a chemical bath deposition method. The p-type conductivity of the dual-doped ZnO:(Ag, N) is stable over a long period of time, and the hole concentration in the ZnO:(Ag, N) is much higher than that in mono-doped ZnO:Ag or ZnO:N. We found that ...
Aikawa Takeshi T Aikawa Veterinary Medical Center, Shinjyuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan; Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University, Kyounan-cho, Musashino-shi, Tokyo, - - 2014
To compare data for French Bulldogs and Dachshunds that had hemilaminectomy for thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion (T-L IVDE) by 1 surgeon and to evaluate the association between IVDE and congenital vertebral anomalies. Retrospective case series. French Bulldogs (n = 47) and 671 Dachshunds. Age, gender, vertebral anomaly, kyphosis/kyphoscoliosis, IVDE site, non-recovery and ...
Khalil Mohammad O MO Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA; University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, - - 2014
The aetiology of marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) is purported to differ by anatomic site. While this is supported by clinical series of single MZL sites, no population-based study has comprehensively assessed incidence patterns across sites. To gain insight into disease aetiology, we assessed MZL incidence by site using data from ...
Cotton A J AJ 1] Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, London, UK [2] CoMPLEX, University College London, London, - - 2014
This study provides the first direct evidence from wild populations of stalk-eyed flies to support the hypothesis that male eyespan is a signal of meiotic drive. Several stalk-eyed fly species are known to exhibit X-linked meiotic drive. A recent quantitative trait locus analysis in Teleopsis dalmanni found a potential link ...
Poland Therese M - - 2014
Results of numerous trials to evaluate artificial trap designs and lures for detection of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, the emerald ash borer, have yielded inconsistent results, possibly because of different A. planipennis population densities in the field sites. In 2010 and 2011, we compared 1) green canopy traps, 2) purple canopy ...
Vollset Knut Wiik KW LFI, Uni Environment, Uni Research, , Thormøhlensgt. 49 B, Bergen 5006, - - 2014
The global increase in the production of domestic farmed fish in open net pens has created concerns about the resilience of wild populations owing to shifts in host-parasite systems in coastal ecosystems. However, little is known about the effects of increased parasite abundance on life-history traits in wild fish populations. ...
Sikulu Maggy T MT Mosquito Control Laboratory, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Environmental Futures Centre, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Environmental Health and Ecological Sciences Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, United Republic of - - 2014
We report on the accuracy of using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to predict the age of Anopheles mosquitoes reared from wild larvae and a mixed age-wild adult population collected from pit traps after exposure to pyrethroids. The mosquitoes reared from wild larvae were estimated as <7 or ≥7 d old with ...
Girard-Buttoz Cédric C Jr. Research Group Primate Sexual Selection, Reproductive Biology Unit, German Primate Centre, Kellnerweg 4, 37077 Göttingen, Germany ; Courant Research Centre Evolution of Social Behaviour, Georg-August University, Göttingen, Kellnerweg 6, - - 2014
Mate-guarding is an important determinant of male reproductive success in a number of species. Little is known however about the constraints of this behaviour, e.g. the associated energetic costs. We investigated these costs in long-tailed macaques where alpha males mate guard females to a lesser extent than predicted by the ...
Lehto Hürlimann Mikko M Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, - - 2014
Iteroparous organisms maximize their overall fitness by optimizing their reproductive effort over multiple reproductive events. Hence, changes in reproductive effort are expected to have both short- and long-term consequences on parents and their offspring. In laboratory rodents, manipulation of reproductive efforts during lactation has however revealed few short-term reproductive adjustments, ...
Akinboboye Bo B Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi Araba, Lagos, - - 2014
Tooth replacement service is generally available in our environment. However, its utilization by the elderly has not been extensively studied. To determine the utilization of tooth replacement services among the elderly. This was a retrospective study of 440 patients aged 60 years and above attending the prosthetic out-patient clinics of ...
Rösch Sarah S 0000-0003-0420-963X Department of Ophthalmology, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstraße 30, 52074 Aachen, Germany ; Department of Anatomy, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, 30173 Hannover, - - 2014
Background. To evaluate the correlation between ERG, OCT, and microscopic findings in the rd10 mouse. Methods. C57BL/6J wild type mice and rd10 mice were compared at the age of 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 24, and 48 weeks (each age group n = 3) using full-field electroretinography (ERG), spectral ...
Saragusty Joseph J Department of Reproduction Management, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Berlin, - - 2014
Lion (Panthera leo) populations have dramatically decreased worldwide with a surviving population estimated at 32,000 across the African savannah. Lions have been kept in captivity for centuries and, although they reproduce well, high rates of stillbirths as well as morbidity and mortality of neonate and young lions are reported. Many ...
Borchert Sophie S Institute for Medical Microbiology and Virology, University Medical Center Eppendorf, Hamburg, - - 2013
Interference with tumor suppressor pathways by polyomavirus-encoded T(umor)-Antigens (T-Ags) can result in transformation. Consequently, it is thought that T-Ags encoded by MCPyV, a virus integrated in ∼90% of all Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) cases, are major contributors to tumorigenesis. The MCPyV large T-Ag (LT-Ag) has preserved the key functional domains ...
Khanum F F Department of Haematology, Cardiff University, School of Medicine, Cardiff, - - 2013
Haemophilia A is associated with recurrent joint bleeding which leads to synovitis and debilitating arthropathy. Coagulation factor VIII level is an important determinant of bleed number and development of arthropathy . The aim of this study was to compare the haemophilia joint health score (HJHS) and Gilbert score with severity, ...
Heeren Tjebo F C TF Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bonn, Bonn, - - 2013
To investigate the first symptoms and their age of onset in a large cohort of patients with macular telangiectasia type 2. Patients with the characteristic findings of macular telangiectasia type 2 were interviewed. Data collection also included a chart review to determine the delay of the correct diagnosis and visual ...
Williams Siôn L SL Department of Neurology, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, United States of - - 2013
The accumulation of heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions and single nucleotide variants (SNVs) is a well-accepted facet of the biology of aging, yet comprehensive mutation spectra have not been described. To address this, we have used next generation sequencing of mtDNA-enriched libraries (Mito-Seq) to investigate mtDNA mutation spectra of putamen ...
Madakacherry Odessa - - 2013
To control the container-breeding mosquito and major vector of dengue and chikungunya Aedes albopictus, the sterile insect technique (SIT) is proposed as a component of integrated vector management programs in endemic areas. For the technique to be successful released males, sterilized with 35Gy of ionizing radiation during the pupal stage, ...
Paucar Martin - - 2013
A minority of inherited prion diseases (IPD) are caused by four to 12 extra octapeptide repeat insertions (OPRI) in the prion protein gene (PRNP). Only four families affected by IPD with 8-OPRI have been reported, one of them was a three-generation Swedish kindred in which four of seven affected subjects ...
Muralidhar P - - 2013
Resource availability influences sexual selection within populations and determines whether behaviors such as territoriality or resource sharing are adaptive. In Thoropa taophora, a frog endemic to the Atlantic Coastal Rainforest of Brazil, males compete for and defend limited breeding sites while females often share breeding sites with other females; however, ...
Hintsa Taina - - 2013
Over the recent decades, the incidence of cardiovascular and heart diseases has decreased while levels of type-A behavior, i.e., a potential risk factor, appear to have increased. However, the long-term developmental patterns of type-A behavior is poorly understood. Both age- and cohort-related changes may be involved in these developments. The ...
Friesen Christopher R - - 2014
Sexual conflict over mating can result in sex-specific morphologies and behaviours that allow each sex to exert control over the outcome of reproduction. Genital traits, in particular, are often directly involved in conflict interactions. Via genital manipulation, we experimentally investigated whether genital traits in red-sided garter snakes influence copulation duration ...
Nabbout Rima - - 2013
Dravet syndrome (DS) is currently considered as an epileptic encephalopathy, a condition in which epilepsy causes deterioration or developmental delay but preliminary data suggested that cognitive course may worsen independently from epilepsy. Our objective was to prospectively analyze the neuropsychological features in a large cohort of DS patients and its ...
Tucker Zhou Tracey B - - 2013
Klotho (KL) is an age regulating protein named after the Greek goddess who spins the thread of life. Mice deficient in KL are normal throughout development, but rapidly degenerate and display a variety of aging-associated abnormalities that eventually lead to decreased life expectancy. While multiple genetic association studies have identified ...
Joshi Yash B - - 2013
The 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) is an enzyme widely distributed in the central nervous system, and it has been involved in the neurobiology of Alzheimer's disease. However, whether this pathway is also involved in neuropsychiatry disorders including anxiety remain to be investigated. In this study we investigated whether genetic over-expression of 12/15-LO ...
Steiger Sandra - - 2013
Cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) play an essential role in mate recognition in insects but the form and intensity of sexual selection on CHCs has only been evaluated in a handful of studies, and never in a natural population. We quantified sexual selection operating on CHCs in a wild population of sagebrush ...
Molina D Kimberley - - 2013
Many studies have examined the characteristics of gunshot wounds by manner of death; however, no published study has directly compared these characteristics for the different types of firearms. This study was designed to address that deficiency. Existing data sets of nonaccidental deaths by handguns, shotguns, and rifles were reviewed. The ...
Lenassi Eva - - 2013
To evaluate the phenotypic variability and natural history of ocular disease in a cohort of 28 individuals with MYO7A-related disease. Mutations in the MYO7A gene are the most common cause of Usher syndrome type 1, characterized by profound congenital deafness, vestibular arreflexia, and progressive retinal degeneration. Retrospective case series. Twenty-eight ...
Che Alison - - 2013
When couples hold hands, one partner must take the lead hand and the other the following hand position. As potential correlates or predictors of handholding positions within lesbian couples, this article explored differences in height, age, income, who initiated the relationship, who usually initiates sexual intimacy, previous history of partnership ...
Păun Dl - - 2013
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN 2A) is a complexautosomal dominant inherited syndrome characterized bymedullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), pheochromocytoma andprimary parathyroid hyperplasia. In patients with only one ortwo clinical features, identification of a germline RET(REarranged in Transfection) mutation or the identification ofthe clinical features of MEN 2A in other first ...
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