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Results 401 - 450 of 1429
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Kotter-Gr??hn Dana - - 2009
Satisfaction with one's own aging and feeling young are indicators of positive well-being in late life. Using 16-year longitudinal data from participants of the Berlin Aging Study (P. B. Baltes & K. U. Mayer, 1999; N = 439; 70- to 100-year-olds), the authors examined whether and how these self-perceptions of ...
Krouse Robert S - - 2009
Intestinal stomas can pose significant challenges for long-term (> or = 5 years) rectal cancer (RC) survivors. Specifying common challenges and sociodemographic or clinical differences will further the development of tailored interventions to improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This was a matched cross-sectional study of long-term RC survivors conducted ...
Nilsson K W - - 2010
Psychological well-being is important for individuals, communities and health services throughout the world because of the costs associated with psychological ill-health and the loss of quality of life for those affected and their relatives. Following a salutogenic approach, there is a link between health-promoting resources, such as generalised resistance resources ...
Lee Mary T - - 2009
Background: The impact of a total laryngectomy on an individual's life has primarily been measured from a male viewpoint reflecting the demographics of a diagnosis of laryngeal cancer. A small number of studies have looked specifically at females, but very few are comparison studies. Consequently, there is little consistent research ...
Bravell Marie Ernsth - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Existing information about institutionalization of elderly individuals is mainly based on cross-sectional data and does not address the cumulative risk of institutionalization. The purpose of the present study was to analyze longitudinal data prospectively and estimate the risk of placement in an elder care institution for individuals ...
Quinodoz Danielle - - 2009
With the help of clinical examples, the author shows that psychoanalysis or psychotherapy after the age of 70 can be a fascinating experience, one that enables patients to reconstruct their internal history in such a way that their final years can be given their rightful place in the overall journey ...
Hamel Sandra - - 2009
Variations among individuals in phenotypic quality and fitness often confound analyses of life-history strategies assessed at the population level. We used detailed long-term data from three populations of large herbivores with generation times ranging from four to nine years to quantify heterogeneity in individual quality among females, and to assess ...
Rodrigues dos Santos M T B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the correlation between caries experience in individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) and the quality of life of their primary caregivers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five non-institutionalized individuals, presenting CP, aged 2-21 years old, were evaluated for caries experience. Their respective caregivers aged 20-74 years old answered the Short ...
Al-Dosary Mona Mohammed - - 2009
The earwig, Anisolabis maritima (Dermaptera: Carcinophoridae), is one of the most significant insects in KSA because, it was recorded in Saudi Arabia as a beneficial predator on eggs and newly hatched larvae of the red palm weevil, Rhyncophorus ferrugineus. We examined the external morphology of the antennal sensilla of males ...
Bang Hyun Woo - - 2009
To identify ecotoxicological responses to an endocrine disrupter, benzo(a)pyrene, we examined the life-history of the harpacticoid copepod, Tigriopus japonicus sensu lato. Based on the life-history of copepods, survival rate of nauplii (NSR) and copepodites (CSR), copepodite emergence day (CED) and adult male emergence day (AMED), sex ratio (MER), brooding success ...
Faccini Jo?o Luiz H - - 2010
The life cycle of Amblyomma auricularium (Conil) is reported for the first time, using rabbits as experimental host. Developmental periods of free-living stages were observed in an incubator at 27 +/- 1 degrees C, 80 +/- 10% RH and 24 h darkness. The complete life cycle, including pre-feeding periods for ...
Hildon Zoe - - 2010
PURPOSE: This article examines resilience at older ages, focusing on the relationships between quality of life (qol) and adversity. Our objectives are to identify (a) the basis of adversity, (b) the characteristics of resilient individuals, and (c) the attributes that attenuate the full impact of adversity. DESIGN AND METHODS: Resilience ...
Glenn Norval - - 2009
In their article in this journal "Is well-being U-shaped over the life cycle?" Blanchflower and Oswald (Blanchflower, D.G., & Oswald, A.J. (2008). Is well-being U-shaped over the life cycle? Social Science & Medicine, 66, 1733-1749) report the results of an ambitious cross-national study of age and well-being and conclude that ...
Jiang Shao-Yong - - 2009
The cause of the most marked changes in the evolution of life, which define the first-order stratigraphic boundary between the Precambrian and the Phanerozoic eon, remains enigmatic and a highly topical subject of debate. A global ocean anoxic event, triggered by large-scale hydrogen sulphide (H(2)S) release to surface waters, has ...
Krause Neal - - 2009
The purpose of this exploratory study was to see if meaning in life is associated with mortality in old age. Interviews were conducted with a nationwide sample of older adults (N = 1,361). Data were collected on meaning in life, mortality, and select control measures. Three main findings emerged from ...
Commane Daniel Martin DM Human Nutrition Research Centre, School of Clinical Medical Sciences, University of Newcastle, United - - 2009
Diverticular disease (DD) is an age-related disorder of the large bowel which may affect half of the population over the age of 65 in the UK. This high prevalence ranks it as one of the most common bowel disorders in western nations. The majority of patients remain asymptomatic but there ...
Larsson Asa - - 2009
The purpose of this article is to explore how a group of elderly people, living and managing on their own, describe and experience their everyday doings. Interviews and observations were conducted with 18 community-living people aged 85 and above. The experiences of 'Doing everyday life' are described in five overarching ...
Patatas Ol?via Helena Gomes - - 2009
Balance disorders affect social, family and professional activities. Vestibular rehabilitation can reduce the impact of these disorders on the quality of life of individuals with vertigo. AIM: to study the influence of vestibular rehabilitation on the quality of life of individuals, correlating it with gender, age, results from computerized vectoelectronystagmography ...
van Nooten F E - - 2009
AIM: To investigate if subjective life expectancy (SLE) impacts the willingness to trade-off (WTT) and the number of years traded-off in a 10-years time trade-off (TTO) exercise to obtain health state valuations. METHODS: An Internet-based questionnaire was administered in a sample representative for the Dutch general public. Next to basic ...
Zetterberg Henrik - - 2009
This year marks the 50th anniversary of a nearly forgotten hypothesis on aging by Leo Szilard, best known for his pioneering work in nuclear physics, his participation in the Manhattan Project during World War II, his opposition to the nuclear arms race in the postwar era, and his pioneering ideas ...
Bengtson Stefan - - 2009
The age of the Vindhyan sedimentary basin in central India is controversial, because geochronology indicating early Proterozoic ages clashes with reports of Cambrian fossils. We present here an integrated paleontologic-geochronologic investigation to resolve this conundrum. New sampling of Lower Vindhyan phosphoritic stromatolitic dolomites from the northern flank of the Vindhyans ...
Tower John J Molecular and Computational Biology Program, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, 90089-2910, USA. - - 2009
Heat-shock proteins (Hsps) are increasingly being implicated in aging phenotypes and control of life span across species. They are targets of the conserved heat-shock factor and insulin/IGF1-like signaling pathways that affect life span and aging phenotypes. Hsps are expressed in tissue-specific and disease-specific patterns during aging, and their level of ...
Tebartz van Elst Ludger - - 2009
Given a prevalence of 0.5-1%, the epilepsies belong to the most common of neuropsychiatric diseases. Many clinicians think of the epilepsies as an entity beginning in early in life. However, the peak incidence of epilepsy in the developed world is now in the age group beyond 60 years. This population ...
Lin Tin-Chi - - 2009
This study explores the change of married women's sex preference for children in Taiwan since 1990, finding that there was a substantial decline of son preference and rise of "gender indifference", defined as feeling indifferent about children's sex (as opposed to desiring an equal number of boys and girls, in ...
Burtner Christopher R - - 2009
The molecular mechanisms that cause organismal aging are a topic of intense scrutiny and debate. Dietary restriction extends the life span of many organisms, including yeast, and efforts are underway to understand the biochemical and genetic pathways that regulate this life span extension in model organisms. Here we describe the ...
Smith Stephen - - 2009
The National Opinion Research Center, led by a team of investigators at the University of Chicago, conducted more than 3,000 in-person interviews with a nationally representative sample of adults aged 57-85 years. Data collection included in-person questionnaire items, an extensive array of biomeasures, and a postinterview self-administered questionnaire. The National ...
Hernández Emilio - - 2009
The demographic changes in Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) (Diptera: Tephritidae) throughout laboratory colonization were characterized over the course of 11 generations. Four significant changes were determined. The first change was a reduction in the preoviposition period from the G(p) to G(1). The second was that wild female flies had difficulty ovipositing ...
Kennedy Kristen M - - 2009
Because faces are frequently used as stimuli in cognitive aging behavioral and neuroimaging studies, there is a need for a normed set of pictures reflecting age and ethnic diversity. Minear and Park (2004, Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36, 630-633) provided a large database of face pictures from average, ...
van den Berg Gerard J - - 2009
We analyze causal effects of conditions early in life on the individual mortality rate later in life. Conditions early in life are captured by transitory features of the macro-environment around birth, notably the state of the business cycle around birth, but also food price deviations, weather indicators, and demographic indicators. ...
Abele Doris - - 2009
Bivalves are newly discovered models of natural aging. This invertebrate group includes species with the longest metazoan lifespan approaching 400 y, as well as species of swimming and sessile lifestyles that live just for 1 y. Bivalves from natural populations can be aged by shell growth bands formed at regular ...
Sparkman Amanda M - - 2009
The endocrine system plays an integral role in the regulation of key life-history traits. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is a hormone that promotes growth and reproduction, and it has been implicated in the reduction of lifespan. IGF-1 is also capable of responding plastically to environmental stimuli such as resource availability ...
Barrows A P W - - 2009
Population structure and life-history variables of the widely distributed alligator pipefish Syngnathoides biaculeatus were characterized in Bootless Bay, Papua New Guinea over the course of 11 months. There was little evidence of seasonality with four focal populations showing no significant change in abundance. Similarly, the sex ratio remained 1:1 for ...
Tieleman B Irene - - 2009
Dark-eyed juncos (Junco hyemalis) from two elevations in the Rocky Mountains of Canada display different life histories. Birds breeding at high elevation face a later and compressed reproductive season during which they raise on average half the number of broods (young) than their low-elevation conspecifics. Fledglings at high elevation are ...
Johnston Fiona D - - 2009
Over the course of a decade, the bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) population in Lower Kananaskis Lake, Alberta, Canada, recovered from a heavily overexploited state, experiencing a 28-fold increase in adult abundance after the implementation of zero-harvest regulations. This system provided a unique opportunity to monitor the changes in life-history characteristics ...
Lee Sook-Jung - - 2009
The purpose of this paper is to examine the predictors of children's media use in the USA, comparing cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Data come from Waves I and 2 of the Child Development Supplement (CDS-I; CDS-II), a nationally representative sample of American children aged 0-12 in 1997 and 5-18 in ...
Zabelina Darya L - - 2009
The objective of the current study was to investigate the association between age and weight-related quality of life in a broad range of overweight/obese individuals. Participants included 9,991 overweight and obese adults from a cross sectional database (mean age = 44.9, mean BMI = 38.3, 75.3% women, 73% white). Participants ...
Kaplan Hillard S - - 2009
Why do we age? Since ageing is a near-universal feature of complex organisms, a convincing theory must provide a robust evolutionary explanation for its ubiquity. This theory should be compatible with the physiological evidence that ageing is largely due to deterioration, which is, in principle, reversible through repair. Moreover, this ...
Gagliardi Cristina - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the patterns of associations of personal and mobility resources with positive well-being in two sample populations of older adults from Germany (n=1518) and Italy (n=600). A correlation study showed which variables correlated the closest with the well-being components, then four logistic regression ...
Williams Sharon R - - 2009
This paper presents a description of the methods used in the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project to detect the presence of chronic conditions and diseases associated with aging. It also discusses the validity and distribution of these measures. Markers associated with common chronic diseases and conditions of aging ...
Resch J Aaron - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The trajectories of life satisfaction for 609 individuals who sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) were studied. Hierarchical linear modeling analysis examined individual level growth trends over the first 5 years following TBI using gender, functional independence, age, and time to estimate life satisfaction trajectories. MEASURES: Participants completed the ...
Smits Jeroen - - 2009
Inequality in the distribution of adult length of life - defined as age at death in the population aged 15 and over - is studied for virtually all countries of the world using a new database with over 9000 life tables covering a period of up to two centuries. The ...
Hergenröder Heike - - 2009
The aim of this study was to explore subjective well-being and satisfaction with life in general and with participation, activities, and health, in adults with cerebral palsy (CP). A randomized sample of 50 individuals was drawn from a sample of 465 previous outpatients of a regional social paediatric centre in ...
Seston Elizabeth - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To date there has been no published research on the link between job satisfaction and intentions to quit the profession among pharmacists. OBJECTIVE: To explore job satisfaction, intentions to quit the profession, and actual quitting among pharmacists on the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain Register. METHODS: Job satisfaction ...
Williams A Paul - - 2009
We are very grateful to the editors of HealthcarePapers for making this timely journal edition possible, and to our distinguished contributors for sharing their valuable insights on aging at home from local, national and international perspectives. While starting from different points and using different approaches, each contributor has articulated a ...
Lombardi Emilia - - 2009
The conceptualization of gender variant populations within studies have consisted of imposed labels and a diversity of individual identities that preclude any attempt at examining the variations found among gender variant populations, while at the same time creating artificial distinctions between groups that may not actually exist. Data were collected ...
Sayers Susan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In 1987, a prospective study of an Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort was established focusing on the relationships of fetal and childhood growth with the risk of chronic adult disease. However as the study is being conducted in a highly marginalized population it is also an important resource for cross-sectional ...
Blazun Helena - - 2009
It is well known that we are ageing more and more each day and that elderly are one of the most vulnerable population. Therefore we have to think globally how to reconnect elderly people into the active life again and to rebuild their personal challenges in connection with the society ...
Wagner Manfred - - 2009
The study explores the process of aging in artists as reflected in their creative output after the age of 60. Additionally, a wide range of artists who died young are also included, as their late work, i.e. the work of their last years of life, is very similar to the ...
Merilahti Juho - - 2009
We developed a system consisting of both wearable and ambient technologies designed to monitor personal wellbeing for several months during daily life. The variables monitored included bodyweight, blood pressure, heart-rate variability and air temperature. Two different user groups were studied: there were 17 working-age subjects participating in a vocational rehabilitation ...
Rajaratnam Ranjit - - 2009
To evaluate the features and modes of adaptation to aging among Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) enrollees. Beth Israel Medical Center in New York City. A sample of 156 MMT enrollees (103/66 percent males and 53/34 percent females) age 24-68 years. Twenty-nine percent of participants were aged 55 or older. A ...
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