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Olshansky S Jay - - 2009
The aging of the baby boom generation, the extension of life, and progressive increases in disability-free life expectancy have generated a dramatic demographic transition in the United States. Official government forecasts may, however, have inadvertently underestimated life expectancy, which would have major policy implications, since small differences in forecasts of ...
Yiengprugsawan V - - 2010
Satisfaction with life correlates with other measures of subjective wellbeing and correlates predictably with individual characteristics and overall health. Social indicators and subjective wellbeing measures are necessary to evaluate a society and can be used to produce national indicators of happiness. This study therefore aims to help close the gap ...
Yong Vanessa - - 2010
To examine changes in the prevalence of mobility limitations and mobile life expectancy of Singaporeans aged 55+. Data came from the cross-sectional 1995 and 2005 National Survey of Senior Citizens (NSSC; n = 4,750 and n = 4,591, respectively). The prevalence-based Sullivan method was used to disaggregate total life expectancy ...
Gao Yu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Amygdala dysfunction is theorized to give rise to poor fear conditioning, which in turn predisposes to crime, but it is not known whether poor conditioning precedes criminal offending. This study prospectively assessed whether poor fear conditioning early in life predisposes to adult crime in a large cohort. METHOD: Electrodermal ...
Windsor Tim D - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Associations of both individuals' and their spouses' tendencies toward persistence in goal striving (an index of primary control) and positive reappraisal (an index of accommodation) with individuals' characteristics of successful aging (physical and mental health, life satisfaction and social networks/engagement) were examined in midlife and older spousal dyads. METHOD: ...
Dumas Tara M - - 2009
In this longitudinal study, we examined identity development using the life story model (McAdams, 2001), in addition to a traditional identity status approach, in order to explore the association between perceived parenting in adolescence and the subsequent quality of life story narration in emerging adulthood. Participants (N = 100) were ...
Waskar Morris - - 2009
Truncated and mutant forms ofp53 affect life span in Drosophila, nematodes and mice, however the role of wild-type p53 in aging remains unclear. Here conditional over-expression of both wild-type and mutant p53 transgenes indicated that, in adult flies, p53 limits life span in females but favors life span in males. ...
Liukkonen Virpi - - 2010
Knowledge of the associations between labour market position and sense of coherence (SOC) comes mainly from cross-sectional studies. We investigated whether change in employment status is associated with change in SOC and whether such an association varies when young (<30 years) and older employees are compared. Data were derived from ...
Greenfield Emily A EA School of Social Work, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA. - - 2009
This study examined felt obligation to help others in two domains (close others and society) as protective factors against losses in psychological well-being following functional decline. Lagged-dependent regression models were estimated using data from 849 respondents aged 35-74 years and without any functional limitations at baseline in the 1995-2005 National ...
Christensen Kaare K Danish Ageing Research Centre, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark. - - 2009
If the pace of increase in life expectancy in developed countries over the past two centuries continues through the 21st century, most babies born since 2000 in France, Germany, Italy, the UK, the USA, Canada, Japan, and other countries with long life expectancies will celebrate their 100th birthdays. Although trends ...
Yamasaki Jill - - 2009
This study explores one elderly author's accounts of life within a fictionalized retirement home to understand how meanings of age are storied within a collective community and offered as alternative narratives to the dominant discourse of aging in our society. An examination of the five novels in content and form ...
Metcalf C Jessica E - - 2009
In tropical rain forests, rates of forest turnover and tree species' life-history differences are shaped by the life expectancy of trees and the time taken by seedlings to reach the canopy. These measures are therefore of both theoretical and applied interest. However, the relationship between size, age, and life expectancy ...
Vestergaard Peter - - 2009
Patients with a hip fracture have a high mortality; however, it is not clear how large the loss of life-years is over an extended observation period. This was a cohort study involving all patients in Denmark who suffered a hip fracture between 1977 and 2001 (n = 169,145). The survival ...
McNamara John M - - 2009
Explaining why organisms schedule reproduction over their lifetimes in the various ways that they do is an enduring challenge in biology. An influential theoretical prediction states that organisms should increasingly invest in reproduction as they approach the end of their life. An apparent mismatch of empirical data with this prediction ...
Balion Cynthia M - - 2009
ABSTRACTBiological specimen collection is an integral part of many longitudinal epidemiological studies. It is important to achieve high participant satisfaction for continuing involvement, and high sample quality for accurate biomarker measurement. We conducted a study to evaluate these issues on the sample collection proposed for the Canadian Longitudinal Study on ...
Mol Martine E M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Many people regard themselves as being forgetful. They may be hindered by or worried about this subjective forgetfulness in daily life. The first aim of the present study was to determine whether perceived forgetfulness in healthy older adults is related to a lower quality of life. The second objective ...
Kotter-Gr??hn Dana - - 2009
Satisfaction with one's own aging and feeling young are indicators of positive well-being in late life. Using 16-year longitudinal data from participants of the Berlin Aging Study (P. B. Baltes & K. U. Mayer, 1999; N = 439; 70- to 100-year-olds), the authors examined whether and how these self-perceptions of ...
Krouse Robert S RS Southern Arizona Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Tucson, AZ 85723, USA. - - 2009
Intestinal stomas can pose significant challenges for long-term (> or = 5 years) rectal cancer (RC) survivors. Specifying common challenges and sociodemographic or clinical differences will further the development of tailored interventions to improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This was a matched cross-sectional study of long-term RC survivors conducted ...
Nilsson K W - - 2010
Psychological well-being is important for individuals, communities and health services throughout the world because of the costs associated with psychological ill-health and the loss of quality of life for those affected and their relatives. Following a salutogenic approach, there is a link between health-promoting resources, such as generalised resistance resources ...
Lee Mary T - - 2009
Background: The impact of a total laryngectomy on an individual's life has primarily been measured from a male viewpoint reflecting the demographics of a diagnosis of laryngeal cancer. A small number of studies have looked specifically at females, but very few are comparison studies. Consequently, there is little consistent research ...
Bravell Marie Ernsth - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Existing information about institutionalization of elderly individuals is mainly based on cross-sectional data and does not address the cumulative risk of institutionalization. The purpose of the present study was to analyze longitudinal data prospectively and estimate the risk of placement in an elder care institution for individuals ...
Quinodoz Danielle - - 2009
With the help of clinical examples, the author shows that psychoanalysis or psychotherapy after the age of 70 can be a fascinating experience, one that enables patients to reconstruct their internal history in such a way that their final years can be given their rightful place in the overall journey ...
Hamel Sandra - - 2009
Variations among individuals in phenotypic quality and fitness often confound analyses of life-history strategies assessed at the population level. We used detailed long-term data from three populations of large herbivores with generation times ranging from four to nine years to quantify heterogeneity in individual quality among females, and to assess ...
Rodrigues dos Santos M T B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the correlation between caries experience in individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) and the quality of life of their primary caregivers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five non-institutionalized individuals, presenting CP, aged 2-21 years old, were evaluated for caries experience. Their respective caregivers aged 20-74 years old answered the Short ...
Al-Dosary Mona Mohammed - - 2009
The earwig, Anisolabis maritima (Dermaptera: Carcinophoridae), is one of the most significant insects in KSA because, it was recorded in Saudi Arabia as a beneficial predator on eggs and newly hatched larvae of the red palm weevil, Rhyncophorus ferrugineus. We examined the external morphology of the antennal sensilla of males ...
Bang Hyun Woo - - 2009
To identify ecotoxicological responses to an endocrine disrupter, benzo(a)pyrene, we examined the life-history of the harpacticoid copepod, Tigriopus japonicus sensu lato. Based on the life-history of copepods, survival rate of nauplii (NSR) and copepodites (CSR), copepodite emergence day (CED) and adult male emergence day (AMED), sex ratio (MER), brooding success ...
Faccini Jo?o Luiz H - - 2010
The life cycle of Amblyomma auricularium (Conil) is reported for the first time, using rabbits as experimental host. Developmental periods of free-living stages were observed in an incubator at 27 +/- 1 degrees C, 80 +/- 10% RH and 24 h darkness. The complete life cycle, including pre-feeding periods for ...
Hildon Zoe - - 2010
PURPOSE: This article examines resilience at older ages, focusing on the relationships between quality of life (qol) and adversity. Our objectives are to identify (a) the basis of adversity, (b) the characteristics of resilient individuals, and (c) the attributes that attenuate the full impact of adversity. DESIGN AND METHODS: Resilience ...
Glenn Norval - - 2009
In their article in this journal "Is well-being U-shaped over the life cycle?" Blanchflower and Oswald (Blanchflower, D.G., & Oswald, A.J. (2008). Is well-being U-shaped over the life cycle? Social Science & Medicine, 66, 1733-1749) report the results of an ambitious cross-national study of age and well-being and conclude that ...
Jiang Shao-Yong - - 2009
The cause of the most marked changes in the evolution of life, which define the first-order stratigraphic boundary between the Precambrian and the Phanerozoic eon, remains enigmatic and a highly topical subject of debate. A global ocean anoxic event, triggered by large-scale hydrogen sulphide (H(2)S) release to surface waters, has ...
Krause Neal - - 2009
The purpose of this exploratory study was to see if meaning in life is associated with mortality in old age. Interviews were conducted with a nationwide sample of older adults (N = 1,361). Data were collected on meaning in life, mortality, and select control measures. Three main findings emerged from ...
Commane Daniel Martin DM Human Nutrition Research Centre, School of Clinical Medical Sciences, University of Newcastle, United - - 2009
Diverticular disease (DD) is an age-related disorder of the large bowel which may affect half of the population over the age of 65 in the UK. This high prevalence ranks it as one of the most common bowel disorders in western nations. The majority of patients remain asymptomatic but there ...
Larsson Asa - - 2009
The purpose of this article is to explore how a group of elderly people, living and managing on their own, describe and experience their everyday doings. Interviews and observations were conducted with 18 community-living people aged 85 and above. The experiences of 'Doing everyday life' are described in five overarching ...
van Nooten F E - - 2009
AIM: To investigate if subjective life expectancy (SLE) impacts the willingness to trade-off (WTT) and the number of years traded-off in a 10-years time trade-off (TTO) exercise to obtain health state valuations. METHODS: An Internet-based questionnaire was administered in a sample representative for the Dutch general public. Next to basic ...
Zetterberg Henrik - - 2009
This year marks the 50th anniversary of a nearly forgotten hypothesis on aging by Leo Szilard, best known for his pioneering work in nuclear physics, his participation in the Manhattan Project during World War II, his opposition to the nuclear arms race in the postwar era, and his pioneering ideas ...
Patatas Olívia Helena Gomes OH Human Communications Disorders Graduate Program, - - 2009
Balance disorders affect social, family and professional activities. Vestibular rehabilitation can reduce the impact of these disorders on the quality of life of individuals with vertigo. to study the influence of vestibular rehabilitation on the quality of life of individuals, correlating it with gender, age, results from computerized vectoelectronystagmography and ...
Bengtson Stefan - - 2009
The age of the Vindhyan sedimentary basin in central India is controversial, because geochronology indicating early Proterozoic ages clashes with reports of Cambrian fossils. We present here an integrated paleontologic-geochronologic investigation to resolve this conundrum. New sampling of Lower Vindhyan phosphoritic stromatolitic dolomites from the northern flank of the Vindhyans ...
Tower John J Molecular and Computational Biology Program, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, 90089-2910, USA. - - 2009
Heat-shock proteins (Hsps) are increasingly being implicated in aging phenotypes and control of life span across species. They are targets of the conserved heat-shock factor and insulin/IGF1-like signaling pathways that affect life span and aging phenotypes. Hsps are expressed in tissue-specific and disease-specific patterns during aging, and their level of ...
Tebartz van Elst Ludger - - 2009
Given a prevalence of 0.5-1%, the epilepsies belong to the most common of neuropsychiatric diseases. Many clinicians think of the epilepsies as an entity beginning in early in life. However, the peak incidence of epilepsy in the developed world is now in the age group beyond 60 years. This population ...
Lin Tin-Chi - - 2009
This study explores the change of married women's sex preference for children in Taiwan since 1990, finding that there was a substantial decline of son preference and rise of "gender indifference", defined as feeling indifferent about children's sex (as opposed to desiring an equal number of boys and girls, in ...
Burtner Christopher R CR Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2009
The molecular mechanisms that cause organismal aging are a topic of intense scrutiny and debate. Dietary restriction extends the life span of many organisms, including yeast, and efforts are underway to understand the biochemical and genetic pathways that regulate this life span extension in model organisms. Here we describe the ...
Smith Stephen S National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago, Illinois, USA. - - 2009
The National Opinion Research Center, led by a team of investigators at the University of Chicago, conducted more than 3,000 in-person interviews with a nationally representative sample of adults aged 57-85 years. Data collection included in-person questionnaire items, an extensive array of biomeasures, and a postinterview self-administered questionnaire. The National ...
Hernández Emilio - - 2009
The demographic changes in Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) (Diptera: Tephritidae) throughout laboratory colonization were characterized over the course of 11 generations. Four significant changes were determined. The first change was a reduction in the preoviposition period from the G(p) to G(1). The second was that wild female flies had difficulty ovipositing ...
Kennedy Kristen M - - 2009
Because faces are frequently used as stimuli in cognitive aging behavioral and neuroimaging studies, there is a need for a normed set of pictures reflecting age and ethnic diversity. Minear and Park (2004, Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36, 630-633) provided a large database of face pictures from average, ...
van den Berg Gerard J - - 2009
We analyze causal effects of conditions early in life on the individual mortality rate later in life. Conditions early in life are captured by transitory features of the macro-environment around birth, notably the state of the business cycle around birth, but also food price deviations, weather indicators, and demographic indicators. ...
Abele Doris - - 2009
Bivalves are newly discovered models of natural aging. This invertebrate group includes species with the longest metazoan lifespan approaching 400 y, as well as species of swimming and sessile lifestyles that live just for 1 y. Bivalves from natural populations can be aged by shell growth bands formed at regular ...
Sparkman Amanda M - - 2009
The endocrine system plays an integral role in the regulation of key life-history traits. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is a hormone that promotes growth and reproduction, and it has been implicated in the reduction of lifespan. IGF-1 is also capable of responding plastically to environmental stimuli such as resource availability ...
Barrows A P W - - 2009
Population structure and life-history variables of the widely distributed alligator pipefish Syngnathoides biaculeatus were characterized in Bootless Bay, Papua New Guinea over the course of 11 months. There was little evidence of seasonality with four focal populations showing no significant change in abundance. Similarly, the sex ratio remained 1:1 for ...
Tieleman B Irene - - 2009
Dark-eyed juncos (Junco hyemalis) from two elevations in the Rocky Mountains of Canada display different life histories. Birds breeding at high elevation face a later and compressed reproductive season during which they raise on average half the number of broods (young) than their low-elevation conspecifics. Fledglings at high elevation are ...
Johnston Fiona D - - 2009
Over the course of a decade, the bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) population in Lower Kananaskis Lake, Alberta, Canada, recovered from a heavily overexploited state, experiencing a 28-fold increase in adult abundance after the implementation of zero-harvest regulations. This system provided a unique opportunity to monitor the changes in life-history characteristics ...
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