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Results 351 - 400 of 1440
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Arias Elizabeth - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This report presents period life tables by age, race, and sex for the United States based on age-specific death rates in 2005. The tables presented are based on a newly revised methodology. For comparability, all life tables from the year 2000 forward have been re-estimated using the revised methodology ...
Bassi Iara Barreto - - 2011
To examine the impact of voice on the quality of life of teachers and to assess whether the degree of dysphonia and otorhinolaryngologists' (ORL) diagnostics are correlated with the quality of life. Eighty-eight female teachers from the municipal schools of Belo Horizonte who were in speech therapy at the Speech ...
Sok Sohyune R - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing life satisfaction of Korean older adults living with family. Participants included 267 adults age 65 and older who met eligibility criteria. Analyses showed that the prediction model of the life satisfaction of older adults who are living with their ...
Masutani Takiko - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Today, Japan is becoming a super-aged society, with senior citizens already constituting over 21% of the population. In this situation, the question of how elderly people can extend their lives and enjoy independent lifestyles is becoming more important. The present study aims to clarify the relationship between the Quality ...
Burke Christopher K - - 2010
Men have poorer health and declining social outcomes when compared to women, and research suggests that behaviors related to restrictive and traditional male gender roles contribute to this disparity. This study is an examination of The ManKind Project International (MKPI), a community-based organization that provides alternative male gender norms and ...
Degnan Sandie M - - 2010
Comparative genomics of representative basal metazoans leaves little doubt that the most recent common ancestor to all modern metazoans was morphogenetically complex. Here, we support this interpretation by demonstrating that the demosponge Amphimedon queenslandica has a biphasic pelagobenthic life cycle resembling that present in a wide range of bilaterians and ...
Thompson Genevieve N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To deliver quality care at the end of life, understanding the impact of various changes and life transitions that occur in older age is essential. This review seeks to uncover potential sources of distress in an elder's physical, psychological, social, and spiritual well-being to shed light on the unique ...
Hossain Syed A - - 2011
This paper introduces a quadratic fractional age assumption which makes the force of mortality and survival function continuous at all ages. The necessary and sufficient condition for the assumption to be valid is derived. Important life table parameters are estimated and applications are shown using several life table data.
Clarke Christina A - - 2010
Life expectancy, or the estimated average age of death, is among the most basic measures of a population's health. However, monitoring differences in life expectancy among sociodemographically defined populations has been challenging, at least in the United States (US), because death certification does not include collection of markers of socioeconomic ...
Riley Gerald F - - 2010
To update research on Medicare payments in the last year of life. Continuous Medicare History Sample, containing annual summaries of claims data on a 5 percent sample from 1978 to 2006. Analyses were based on elderly beneficiaries in fee for service. For each year, Medicare payments were assigned either to ...
Vainikka A - - 2010
Four Atlantic salmon Salmo salar stocks in the Baltic Sea, varying in their breeding history, were studied for changes in life-history traits over the years 1972-1995. Total length (L(T)) at age of captured (L(TC)) fish had increased throughout the study period, partly due to increased temperature and increased L(T) at ...
Peters Paul A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this article is to measure the contributions of age groups and causes of death to differences in mortality and life expectancy between residents of Inuit Nunangat and the rest of Canada. STUDY DESIGN: The geographic area of coverage includes communities within Inuit Nunangat, with the addition ...
Woo J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study examines whether experience of famine during late childhood affect late life health. DESIGN: Cross sectional cohort survey carried out from 2001-2004. SETTING: Community in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: 1,906 men and 1,826 women aged >or= 65 years living in the community. MEASUREMENTS: We examined the impact of experience ...
van Diepeningen Anne D - - 2010
Calorie restriction (CR) is a regimen of reduced food intake that, although the underlying mechanism is unknown, in many organisms leads to life span extension. Podospora anserina is one of the few known ageing filamentous fungi and the ageing process and concomitant degeneration of mitochondria have been well-studied. CR in ...
Croy Ilona - - 2010
Clinical experience shows that the individual significance of olfactory function varies between subjects. In order to estimate these individual differences we developed a questionnaire to study the subjective importance of the sense of smell. Questions were arranged within three subscales: association with olfactory sensations, application of the sense of smell, ...
Par? Jean A - - 2010
Although basic notions, such as life expectancy, and thus what constitutes old age, remain to be determined in the vast majority of reptile species, there is a tendency at least for captive reptiles to live longer now than in the past. Clinicians are expected to recognize signs of senescence or ...
Hoppes Sharman M - - 2010
Ferrets are an increasingly popular pet in the United States. They are active, gregarious pets that delight their owners with playful antics. One of the issues that ferret owners and veterinarians have had to deal with is their shortened life span. Although literature cites the life span of the ferret ...
Gebhardt W A - - 2010
In this cross-sectional study among 1502 female singles between the ages of 18 and 50, commitment to the goal of finding a partner was negatively related to satisfaction with life. In line with our expectations, this relationship was fully mediated by ruminating about being and remaining single. The relationship between ...
Evandrou Maria - - 2010
This article uses data from the British Household Panel Study over the period 1991 - 2007 to examine the factors associated with residential mobility among people aged 50 and over. In line with earlier research, the likelihood of migrating, that is, changing address, is found to vary according to the ...
Tristan Tim - - 2010
There is little information available in the literature regarding geriatric raptor medicine. Estimating the life span of birds of prey and evaluating factors that influence longevity are continuing to be explored. Identifying disease conditions that arise with advancing age may involve various body systems including the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and others. ...
Olatunde Olugbenga - - 2010
In recent years, there has been increasing demand for health indicators at small area level to support monitoring and planning. This study investigates the use of a small area geography, Middle Layer Super Output Areas (MSOAs) for the estimation and comparison of disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) in England. Using death ...
Kyte Lynsey - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study was part of a wider project commissioned by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) to examine inequalities in health outcomes in rural areas. It investigated variations in life expectancy at birth between rural and urban areas of England, taking the effect of deprivation into ...
Sheykhi Mohammad Taghi - - 2010
The article explores and evaluates the quality of life, safety, and security of elderly people in Tehran City in Iran. In that, different dimensions of material and social well-being, and abuse of people of the age 65 and above, are assessed. Besides the human rights, the dignity, and the gradual ...
Rousson Valentin - - 2010
The ongoing increase in life expectancy in developed countries is associated with changes in the shape of the survival curve. These changes can be characterized by two main, distinct components: (i) the decline in premature mortality, i.e., the concentration of deaths around some high value of the mean age at ...
Gervain Judit - - 2010
During the first year of life, infants pass important milestones in language development. We review some of the experimental evidence concerning these milestones in the domains of speech perception, phonological development, word learning, morphosyntactic acquisition, and bilingualism, emphasizing their interactions. We discuss them in the context of their biological underpinnings, ...
Moselhy Hamdy F - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this work was to investigate the impact of life events on the profile of opioid dependent patients. METHOD: Recruitment was achieved through outpatient drug treatment clinic in Birmingham, UK, and data were collected through semistructured interviews. One-hundred and twenty subjects with opioid dependence syndrome were interviewed, ...
Engelman Michal - - 2010
The remarkable growth in life expectancy during the twentieth century inspired predictions of a future in which all people, not just a fortunate few, will live long lives ending at or near the maximum human life span. We show that increased longevity has been accompanied by less variation in ages ...
Wiggs Carol M - - 2010
Studies on aging reflect the losses inherent in the aging process. How the aging process is viewed, either as a loss or as a natural process of living, may affect the adaptation by late-midlife women to life changes. Self-transcendence is a means of broadening one's perspective of the inner being. ...
Hancock P A - - 2010
As a measure of their personal perception of time in life, 320 participants complete the Lines Test. Participants were asked to mark off on a line their perceived present life location between the endpoint anchors of birth and death. The percentage of the life span marked was compared with actuarial ...
Davis Neil Carter - - 2010
The primary goal of the study was to compare adult age groups on aging bias, with measures of knowledge of aging in the physical, psychological, and social domains and life satisfaction. The study sample, consisting of 752 men and women, 40 to 95 years of age, was tested using Neugarten, ...
Nuss Kara - - 2010
In the absence of long-term field studies, demographic and reproductive records from animals housed in zoos and research laboratories are a valuable tool for the study of life history variables relating to reproduction. In this study, we analyzed studbook records of more than 2,000 individuals born over a 40-year period ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2010
Little research has evaluated disparities in life expectancy according to material deprivation taking into account differences across the lifespan between men and women. This study investigated age- and sex-specific life expectancy differentials related to area-level material deprivation for the province of Québec, Canada from 1989-2004. Age- and sex-specific life expectancy ...
Boerner Kathrin - - 2010
This study examined the impact of loss of vision on important life domains depending on life context. The sample included two groups dealing with vision impairment: middle-aged (n = 44) and older adults (n = 107). Findings showed important group differences in extent, type, and facet of life changes across ...
Turbill Christopher - - 2010
Senescence has been widely detected among mammals, but its importance to fitness in wild populations remains controversial. According to evolutionary theories, senescence occurs at an age when selection is relatively weak, which in mammals can be predicted by adult survival rates. However, a recent analysis of senescence rates found more ...
Hoi Le V le - - 2010
The proportion of people in Vietnam aged 60 and above has increased rapidly in recent decades. However, there is a lack of evidence, particularly in rural settings, on their health-related quality of life (HRQoL) within the context of socioeconomic changes and health-sector reform in the country. This study assesses the ...
Hashimoto Shuji S Department of Hygiene, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake 470-1192, Japan. - - 2010
In Japan, life expectancy at birth is currently the highest in the world. However, recent trends in disability-free life expectancy in Japan have not been examined. We used data from Japanese national surveys for the period 1995-2004. These surveys included information on activity status measured by common self-reported instruments. The ...
Revenkova Ekaterina E Department of Developmental and Regenerative Biology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1020, New York, NY 10029, USA. - - 2010
Sister chromatid cohesion is essential for cell division. During meiosis, it is also required for proper synapsis of pairs of sister chromatids and for chiasma formation and maintenance. Since mammalian oocytes remain arrested in late prophase for a very long period-up to five decades in humans-the preservation of cohesion throughout ...
Kelley Jay - - 2010
Life-history inference is an important aim of paleoprimatology, but life histories cannot be discerned directly from the fossil record. Among extant primates, the timing of many life-history attributes is correlated with the age at emergence of the first permanent molar (M1), which can therefore serve as a means to directly ...
Ricklefs Robert E - - 2010
Many laboratory models used in aging research are inappropriate for understanding senescence in mammals, including humans, because of fundamental differences in life history, maintenance in artificial environments, and selection for early aging and high reproductive rate. Comparative studies of senescence in birds and mammals reveal a broad range in rates ...
Wilkin Teddy A - - 2009
"Silver spoon" effects of early environments on adult characteristics and life-history trajectories are thought to be widespread among vertebrates and are important because they imply that environments can have cascading transgenerational effects. Here we test for such effects by using a sample of 5425 great tits (Parus major) for which ...
Ruch W - - 2010
Positive psychology studies what is best in people. In their classification of strengths and virtues, Peterson and Seligman [11] assign humor to the virtue of transcendence. Thus far, there is no specific study that deals with age-related changes in humor (as a strength of character) across a lifespan and its ...
Proyer R T - - 2010
Empirical studies on humor among the elderly are lacking. Based on the model of sense of humor by Paul McGhee, different age groups are compared (n=979) in the present study. Data suggest that playfulness and sense of humor are stable across different age groups (in a cross-sectional design) but that ...
Sandiford Peter - - 2009
AIM To quantify gender inequality in life expectancy at birth (LEB) in New Zealand and the contribution to it made by different age groups and causes of death. To examine the response of the health sector.METHOD Determination of the trend in sex differences in LEB. Multiple decrement decomposition of LEB ...
Sandiford Peter - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Men's health is of increasing concern to policy makers worldwide. Although women generally live significantly longer than men, the difference in life expectancy in many countries is now narrowing. AIM: To document the trend in sex differences in New Zealand (NZ) life expectancy at birth (LEB) over the last ...
Yokozawa Takako - - 2009
The anti-aging activities of persimmon oligomeric proanthocyanidins (POPs), reported to improve life span and behavioral characteristics associated with the aging process, were investigated using the senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM) P8, which is a good model for studies on aging-related behavioral changes as well as life span. We demonstrated that the administration ...
Olshansky S Jay - - 2009
The aging of the baby boom generation, the extension of life, and progressive increases in disability-free life expectancy have generated a dramatic demographic transition in the United States. Official government forecasts may, however, have inadvertently underestimated life expectancy, which would have major policy implications, since small differences in forecasts of ...
Yiengprugsawan V - - 2010
Satisfaction with life correlates with other measures of subjective wellbeing and correlates predictably with individual characteristics and overall health. Social indicators and subjective wellbeing measures are necessary to evaluate a society and can be used to produce national indicators of happiness. This study therefore aims to help close the gap ...
Yong Vanessa - - 2010
To examine changes in the prevalence of mobility limitations and mobile life expectancy of Singaporeans aged 55+. Data came from the cross-sectional 1995 and 2005 National Survey of Senior Citizens (NSSC; n = 4,750 and n = 4,591, respectively). The prevalence-based Sullivan method was used to disaggregate total life expectancy ...
Gao Yu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Amygdala dysfunction is theorized to give rise to poor fear conditioning, which in turn predisposes to crime, but it is not known whether poor conditioning precedes criminal offending. This study prospectively assessed whether poor fear conditioning early in life predisposes to adult crime in a large cohort. METHOD: Electrodermal ...
Windsor Tim D - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Associations of both individuals' and their spouses' tendencies toward persistence in goal striving (an index of primary control) and positive reappraisal (an index of accommodation) with individuals' characteristics of successful aging (physical and mental health, life satisfaction and social networks/engagement) were examined in midlife and older spousal dyads. METHOD: ...
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