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Results 301 - 350 of 1429
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Vogt Günter - - 2010
This article examines the suitability of the parthenogenetic marbled crayfish for research on ageing and longevity. The marbled crayfish is an emerging laboratory model for development, epigenetics and toxicology that produces up to 400 genetically identical siblings per batch. It is easily cultured, has an adult size of 4-9 cm, ...
Ishida Yasushi - - 2010
To examine the late effects and health-related quality of life of childhood cancer survivors (CCS) after radiotherapy (RT), we performed a cross-sectional survey using self-rating questionnaires. The subjects were divided into 3 groups: CCS treated with or without RT, and a general population matched for age, gender, residential area, and ...
Sandroni Claudio - - 2010
To identify factors associated with candidate outcome in the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) advanced life support (ALS) provider courses. Medical doctors participating as candidates to consecutive ALS courses organised by an ERC training centre in Italy were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. The association between the ALS course outcome ...
Odlaug Brian L - - 2010
Pathological skin picking (PSP) and trichotillomania (TTM) are disorders characterized by distress and impaired functioning. This study sought to compare quality of life for individuals with PSP or TTM. PSP or TTM subjects completed the quality of life inventory and valid and reliable measures of clinical severity. Analyses included group ...
Na'amnih Wasef - - 2010
To examine trends in the Arab-Jew life expectancy gap in Israel during 1975-2004 and to determine the contribution of age groups and causes of death to changes in the gap. Data on life expectancy and mortality rates by cause of death, for Arabs and Jews, were obtained from the Israel ...
Bakheit Abdel Magid - - 2010
Although there are sound theoretical reasons for the use of botulinum toxin (Btx) as early as possible in the management of severe childhood muscle spasticity, the experience with its safety in children younger than 2 years of age is limited and information about its possible effects on the development and ...
Ponnudurai R - - 2010
Although the evidences for the phenomenon of "anticipation" and parental "imprinting" have been shown in schizophrenia, they are inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to test these hypotheses by examining three successive generations. 58 schizophrenic patients who had their maternal or paternal parent or grandparent, or both, affected with ...
Gerstorf Denis - - 2010
Throughout adulthood and old age, levels of well-being appear to remain relatively stable. However, evidence is emerging that late in life well-being declines considerably. Using long-term longitudinal data of deceased participants in national samples from Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States, we examined how long this period lasts. ...
Gersten Omer O National Health Research Institutes, Institute of Population Health Sciences, Division of Health Policy Research and Development, No. 35 Keyan Road, Zhunan, Miaoli County 350, Taiwan. - - 2010
A key aspect of the increasingly popular allostatic load (AL) framework is that stressors experienced over the entire life course result in physiological dysregulation. Although core to AL theory, this idea has been little tested, and where it has been tested, the results have been mixed. The study analyzes the ...
Beckerman Andrew P - - 2010
1. Two major theories underpin our understanding of how predation risk shapes life history. The first is centred around predator induced changes in activity that subsequently reduce food intake and thus growth. The second is centred around size selective, predator induced changes in development. 2. Here, we challenge these theories ...
García-Villamisar D A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Even though there is research demonstrating a positive relationship between leisure participation and the two constructs of quality of life and stress reduction, current conceptualisation of leisure as a contributor to quality of life is limited. In addition, in spite of improvements in accurate diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder ...
English S - - 2010
Although recent models for the evolution of personality, using game theory and life-history theory, predict that individuals should differ consistently in their cooperative behaviour, consistent individual differences in cooperative behaviour have rarely been documented. In this study, we used a long-term data set on wild meerkats to quantify the repeatability ...
Blagosklonny Mikhail V - - 2010
In 2006, Cell Cycle featured the concept that aging is not caused by molecular damage (nor by free radicals) but instead is a purposeless quasi-program (program-like, but not a program) driven in part by TOR (Target of Rapamycin). Taken together with the analysis of clinical data, this pointed to Sirolimus ...
Ishida Yasushi - - 2010
To examine the late effects and health-related quality of life among childhood cancer survivors (CCS) after stem cell transplantation (SCT), we performed a cross-sectional survey using self-rating questionnaires. The subjects were divided into 3 groups: SCT-treated CCS, CCS treated without SCT, and the general population who matched for age, gender, ...
Honda Yoko - - 2010
Trehalose is a disaccharide of glucose found in diverse organisms and is suggested to act as a stress protectant against heat, cold, desiccation, anoxia, and oxidation. Here, we demonstrate that treatment of Caenorhabditis elegans with trehalose starting from the young-adult stage extended the mean life span by over 30% without ...
Auger Claudine - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the impact of power mobility devices (PMDs) varies as a function of stage of usage and to explore key factors associated with greater life-space mobility for middle-aged and older adults. DESIGN: Multicohort study with respondents grouped as a function of stage of PMD usage (reference group ...
Lee Mary T - - 2010
The impact of a total laryngectomy on an individual's life has primarily been measured from a male viewpoint reflecting the demographics of a diagnosis of laryngeal cancer. A small number of studies have looked specifically at females, but very few are comparison studies. Consequently, there is little consistent research regarding ...
Johnson Monica Kirkpatrick - - 2010
This study revisits the relationship between adolescent judgments about work and later job characteristics, tackling the twin temporal dimensions of age and history. Drawing on 15 consecutive cohorts of high school seniors, we examine 1) whether adolescents' judgments about work become more strongly predictive of the characteristics of their jobs ...
Buchanan Kathryn E - - 2010
The present experiment was designed to establish the effects of acts of kindness and acts of novelty on life satisfaction. Participants aged 18-60 took part on a voluntary basis. They were randomly assigned to perform either acts of kindness, acts of novelty, or no acts on a daily basis for ...
Matsui Miho - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention regarding end-of-life discussion directed at older Japanese adults and their attitude to and acceptance of this intervention. A quasi-experimental design was used. A total of 121 older adults, aged 65 years and over, consented to participate. ...
Periyakoil Vyjeyanthi S - - 2010
Preserving patient dignity is a sentinel premise of palliative care. This study was conducted to gain a better understanding of factors influencing preservation of dignity in the last chapter of life. We conducted an open-ended written survey of 100 multidisciplinary providers (69% response rate) and responses were categorized to identify ...
Grillari Johannes - - 2010
The miR-17-92 cluster encoding 6 single mature miRNAs was identified a couple of years ago to contain the first oncogenic miRNAs. Now, one of these 6 miRNAs, miR-19 has been identified as the key responsible for this oncogenic activity. This in turn reduces PTEN levels and in consequence activates the ...
Kymes Steven M SM Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8096, 660 S Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110-1093, USA. - - 2010
To assess the influence of expected life span on the cost-effectiveness of treating ocular hypertension to prevent primary open-angle glaucoma. We used a Markov simulation model to estimate the cost and benefit of ocular hypertension treatment over a person's remaining life. We examined the influence of age on the cost-effectiveness ...
Schneider Sophie - - 2011
Background: Many studies have referred to the effects of age on voice and the consequences of these changes. However, only little is known about the adverse effects of voice changes on quality of life in the elderly. Objective: This study focuses on self-perception of voice in seniors as assessed by ...
Kvamme Maria Knoph - - 2010
The standard practice in cost-effectiveness analyses of health care is to assign a linear value to increasing lifetime gains. The aim of the current study was to examine the possible existence of non-linear utility for short life extensions. A representative sample of the Norwegian population, aged 40-59 years (n=2402), was ...
Kristjuhan Ulo - - 2010
In some population groups, human life expectancy is much higher compared to the average in the population, which can provide new hints to postpone aging and prolong life. Studies show that university professors have a later onset of age-related diseases compared with most population groups. Their productivity mostly increases up ...
Orth Ulrich - - 2010
The authors examined the development of self-esteem from young adulthood to old age. Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives study, which includes 4 assessments across a 16-year period of a nationally representative sample of 3,617 individuals aged 25 years to 104 years. Latent growth curve analyses indicated that self-esteem ...
Suematsu Kazumi - - 2010
Concept of aging is developed to yield a relationship between life spans and the velocity of aging. The mathematical analysis shows that the mean extent of the advancement of aging throughout one's life is conserved, or equivalently, the product of the mean life span, T, and the mean rate of ...
Gruber Jan - - 2010
Due to its many advantages, the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) is commonly employed as a convenient model for aging studies as well as for testing life span effects of chemical compounds. However, some challenges exist in the context of such life span studies, particularly in relation to generation ...
Barry James D - - 2010
The leafminer Caloptilia porphyretica Braun (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), has become a frequent pest in commercial highbush blueberries, Vaccinium corymbosum L., in New Jersey, but little is known about its seasonal abundance, life history, and parasitism rates. Monitoring programs were conducted from 2003 to 2006 on seven blueberry farms to determine the ...
Kristjuhan Ulo - - 2010
People want to be wealthy, attractive, young, and healthy, and they integrate these wishes into most of their activities. As a result, aging processes are somewhat postponed in the human organism. Both average life expectancy and expected life in good health increase by 0.15-0.2 years every year in most developed ...
Fabrezi Marissa - - 2010
Recent studies have described the giant tadpole, delayed metamorphic transformations, and absence of postmetamorphic growth of the skeleton of Pseudis Platensis. These features address questions about derived patterns of life cycles and the role of the heterochrony during the metamorphosis in anurans. Using anatomical methods, we provide new data on ...
Sinha Jwala Nand Prasad - - 2010
To measure the "Strategies for Adjustment of the Aged" among the three age-group subjects, some truly effective measures are required to postpone and treat human aging in urban society by tackling it as an engineering problem. This paper describes an objective test consisting of 34 items; each item contains a ...
Hacker J David - - 2010
This article constructs new life tables for the white population of the United States in each decade between 1790 and 1900. Drawing from several recent studies, it suggests best estimates of life expectancy at age 20 for each decade. These estimates are fitted to new standards derived from the 1900-02 ...
Kaletsky Rachel - - 2010
Aging is characterized by general physiological decline over time. A hallmark of human senescence is the onset of various age-related afflictions including neurodegeneration, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Although environmental and stochastic factors undoubtedly contribute to the increased incidence of disease with age, recent studies suggest that intrinsic genetic determinants govern ...
Hayward A D - - 2010
Maternal effects occur when the maternal phenotype influences that of the offspring in addition to the effects of maternal genes, and may have a considerable influence on offspring parasite resistance. These effects, and the effects of early levels of reproduction and parasite resistance, may persist into later life and even ...
Hofer Scott M - - 2010
The study of aging demands an integrative life-span developmental framework, involving interdisciplinary collaborations and multiple methodological approaches for understanding how and why individuals change, in both normative and idiosyncratic ways. We highlight and summarize some of the issues encountered when conducting integrative research for understanding aging-related change, including, the integration ...
Gullberg Mats T - - 2010
The aim in the present study was to establish underlying dimensions of quality of life in Sweden, measured by QLI, and to obtain reference values among a representative sample between 18 and 80 years of age from the general Swedish population. A total of 1,680 randomly selected persons completed the ...
Yeo Stephen W - - 2010
At least 225 people in the Fiji Islands died as a result of the 1931 hurricane and flood, representing the largest loss of life from a natural disaster in Fiji's recent history. This paper explores the causes of disaster and the potential for recurrence. The disaster occurred because a rare ...
Arias Elizabeth - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This report presents period life tables by age, race, and sex for the United States based on age-specific death rates in 2005. The tables presented are based on a newly revised methodology. For comparability, all life tables from the year 2000 forward have been re-estimated using the revised methodology ...
Bassi Iara Barreto - - 2011
To examine the impact of voice on the quality of life of teachers and to assess whether the degree of dysphonia and otorhinolaryngologists' (ORL) diagnostics are correlated with the quality of life. Eighty-eight female teachers from the municipal schools of Belo Horizonte who were in speech therapy at the Speech ...
Sok Sohyune R - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing life satisfaction of Korean older adults living with family. Participants included 267 adults age 65 and older who met eligibility criteria. Analyses showed that the prediction model of the life satisfaction of older adults who are living with their ...
Masutani Takiko - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Today, Japan is becoming a super-aged society, with senior citizens already constituting over 21% of the population. In this situation, the question of how elderly people can extend their lives and enjoy independent lifestyles is becoming more important. The present study aims to clarify the relationship between the Quality ...
Burke Christopher K - - 2010
Men have poorer health and declining social outcomes when compared to women, and research suggests that behaviors related to restrictive and traditional male gender roles contribute to this disparity. This study is an examination of The ManKind Project International (MKPI), a community-based organization that provides alternative male gender norms and ...
Degnan Sandie M - - 2010
Comparative genomics of representative basal metazoans leaves little doubt that the most recent common ancestor to all modern metazoans was morphogenetically complex. Here, we support this interpretation by demonstrating that the demosponge Amphimedon queenslandica has a biphasic pelagobenthic life cycle resembling that present in a wide range of bilaterians and ...
Thompson Genevieve N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To deliver quality care at the end of life, understanding the impact of various changes and life transitions that occur in older age is essential. This review seeks to uncover potential sources of distress in an elder's physical, psychological, social, and spiritual well-being to shed light on the unique ...
Hossain Syed A - - 2011
This paper introduces a quadratic fractional age assumption which makes the force of mortality and survival function continuous at all ages. The necessary and sufficient condition for the assumption to be valid is derived. Important life table parameters are estimated and applications are shown using several life table data.
Clarke Christina A - - 2010
Life expectancy, or the estimated average age of death, is among the most basic measures of a population's health. However, monitoring differences in life expectancy among sociodemographically defined populations has been challenging, at least in the United States (US), because death certification does not include collection of markers of socioeconomic ...
Riley Gerald F - - 2010
To update research on Medicare payments in the last year of life. Continuous Medicare History Sample, containing annual summaries of claims data on a 5 percent sample from 1978 to 2006. Analyses were based on elderly beneficiaries in fee for service. For each year, Medicare payments were assigned either to ...
Vainikka A - - 2010
Four Atlantic salmon Salmo salar stocks in the Baltic Sea, varying in their breeding history, were studied for changes in life-history traits over the years 1972-1995. Total length (L(T)) at age of captured (L(TC)) fish had increased throughout the study period, partly due to increased temperature and increased L(T) at ...
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