Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1392
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Robbins C - - 2012
Background:  It has long been known women lose satisfaction with their hair with aging. Our data show that Caucasian women perceive a decrease in hair amount in their mid-40s with a further decrease in the mid- to late-50s, which leads to this dissatisfaction. Neither loss of density (hairs/cm(2) ) nor ...
Nelson Jonas A - - 2012
Autologous breast reconstruction is safe in advanced age, yet no study has examined its effects on the aging abdomen. We, therefore, studied 145 women who participated in a prospective study of abdominal strength following abdominal free flap breast reconstruction, comparing preoperative and late follow-up scores in patients ≥60 years old ...
Tanaka Midori - - 2012
Aim: FTO is the most important polygene for obesity and type 2 diabetes. Our aims were to investigate whether a variant in FTO affects glucose dysregulation through its effect on fat accumulation or distribution, and when and how FTO influences fat accumulation and distribution and glucose dysregulation from birth until ...
Karki R K - - 2012
Background Lip prints are the normal lines and furrows in the form of wrinkles and grooves present in the human lip between the inner labial mucosa and outer skin having certain individual characteristics like fingerprints. Objective The aim of the study was to highlight the importance of lip prints in ...
Yoon Dae Hyun - - 2012
Background: a direct association between visceral adiposity on abdominal computed tomography (CT) and cognitive performance has not been reported.Objectives: to investigate the associations between total and regional adiposity measured with abdominal CT, and cognitive performance in elderly persons and to explore their modification by age.Design: cross-sectional study.Setting: a health promotion ...
Köklü Yusuf - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate physiological responses to various intermittent and continuous small-sided games (SSGs) - including 2-a-side, 3-a-side, and 4-a-side games - in young soccer players. Twenty soccer players (average age 16.6±0.5 years; mean body height 176.2±4.6 cm; mean body mass 65.9±5.6 kg) voluntarily participated in ...
Dettenborn L - - 2012
To inform the future use of hair cortisol measurement, we have investigated influences of potential confounding variables (natural hair colour, frequency of hair washes, age, sex, oral contraceptive use, and smoking status) on hair cortisol levels. The main study sample comprised 360 participants (172 women) covering a wide range of ...
Dushimirimana Severin - - 2012
The sterile insect technique (SIT) is increasingly used to control pest insect populations. The success of SIT control programs depends on the ability to release sterile males and on the capacity of sterile males to compete with wild males to inseminate wild females. In this study, we evaluated the mating ...
Alghamdi Khalid M - - 2012
Background:Despite its association with a number of side effects, hair dye use is common worldwide.Objective:To explore the local side effects of hair dye use and to relate these effects to features of hair dyeing.Methods:A questionnaire about hair dye use was distributed to a random sample of 650 female patients at ...
Shearer Cindy - - 2012
Physical activity and nutrition are essential to healthy living and particularly important during youth, when growth and development are key. This study examined rates of physical activity (PA) and diet quality (DQ) among youth in grades 7 to 9 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, during the 2008/09 school year and tested ...
Hettyey Attila - - 2012
There is growing interest in sperm senescence, both in its underlying mechanisms and evolutionary consequences, because it can impact the evolution of numerous life history traits. Previous studies have documented various types of sperm senescence, but evidence of post-meiotic intra-testicular sperm senescence in wild animals is lacking. To assess such ...
Oliva Clelia F - - 2012
Reunion Island suffers from high densities of the chikungunya and dengue vector Aedes albopictus. The sterile insect technique (SIT) offers a promising strategy for mosquito-borne diseases prevention and control. For such a strategy to be effective, sterile males need to be competitive enough to fulfil their intended function by reducing ...
Scherpenisse Mirte - - 2012
This study evaluates trends in antibody seroprevalences of seven high-risk human papillomavirus (hr-HPV) serotypes (HPV16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58) between the 1995-96 and 2006-07 sero-surveys among the Dutch general population in the pre-vaccination era. Serum samples of men and women (0-79 years of age) from two cross-sectional ...
Rull Juan - - 2012
As an initial step to improve the efficiency of the sterile insect technique applied to eradicate, suppress, and control wild Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in mango producing areas of Mexico, the effect of radiation dose and mass rearing history on male mating performance was examined. Field cage tests in ...
Pekkarinen E - - 2012
Reference values of spirometry and diffusion capacity are usually adjusted for age, sex, height and ethnic origin. However, also other factors, mainly weight and body composition, have an effect on pulmonary function. Therefore, we examined how body composition and abdominal obesity are related to lung function in normal population and ...
Johansson-Stenman Olof - - 2011
Using a random sample of individuals in rural Bangladesh, this paper investigates people's ethical preferences regarding relative values of lives when it comes to saving lives of individuals of different ages. By assuming that an individual has preferences concerning different states of the world, and that these preferences can be ...
Mudege Netsayi Noris - - 2011
Using qualitative data collected from a sample of rural-urban migrants over the age of 15 in two Nairobi slums interviewed in 2008, this paper discusses the migrants' extent of satisfaction with their residential location and decision to migrate. The study sheds light on why people continue to migrate to, and ...
Schwarzschild Michael A - - 2011
The objective of this study was to investigate whether higher levels of urate, an antioxidant linked to a lower likelihood of developing Parkinson's disease, is also a predictor of having a dopamine transporter brain scan without evidence of dopaminergic deficit. In a cross-sectional study of 797 mildly affected, untreated parkinsonian ...
Earley Christopher J - - 2011
Prior studies, all using SPECT techniques, failed to find any differences for dopamine transporter (DAT) in restless legs syndrome (RLS) subjects. The distinct pharmacokinetic properties associated with SPECT-determined DAT along with rapid biodynamic changes in DAT may, however, have missed membrane-bound DAT differences. The current studies assessed real-time DAT binding ...
Hoppmann Christiane A - - 2011
Development does not take place in isolation and is often interrelated with close others such as marital partners. To examine interrelations in spousal happiness across midlife and old age, we used 35-year longitudinal data from both members of 178 married couples in the Seattle Longitudinal Study. Latent growth curve models ...
Ouali Sana S Department of Cardiology, Sahloul Hospital, Sousse, - - 2011
No data regarding the prevalence of the Brugada-type electrocardiogram (ECG) pattern and the early ventricular repolarization pattern (ERP) in the North African population were available. The aims of this study were to determine the frequency of Brugada-type ECG pattern and ERP in Tunisia and to evaluate ECG descriptors of ventricular ...
Lewis Jordan P - - 2010
There is very little research on Alaska Native (AN) elders and how they subjectively define a successful older age. The lack of a culturally-specific definition often results in the use of a generic definition that portrays Alaska Native elders as aging less successfully than their White counterparts. However, there is ...
Bocci V - - 2010
During the last century the lifespan of human beings has increased from about 49 to almost 80 years owing to the great advances of biomedical sciences. This fact has strongly stimulated the idea that it may be possible to prolong productive life for another twenty years but paradoxically the problem ...
Herlin Caroline - - 2010
The aim of this study was to describe how haemodialysis (HD) patients, between 30 and 45 years of age, experience their dependence on HD treatment. Nine patients undergoing HD treatment were interviewed. The transcribed texts were analysed according to Giorgi's four basic principles. Being between 30 and 45 years of ...
Jarvi Kristiina - - 2010
To assess bowel function and gastrointestinal quality of life among adults with operated Hirschsprung's disease (HD). Outcomes of HD extending to adulthood are unclear; bowel function and quality of life may deteriorate by aging. Bowel function and gastrointestinal quality of life were cross-sectionally assessed in a population-based manner among adults ...
Walsh Matthew R - - 2011
Life-history theory predicts that increased predation on juvenile age/size-classes favors delayed maturation and decreased reproductive investment. Although this theory has received correlative support, experimental tests in nature are rare. In 1976 and 1981, guppies (Poecilia reticulata) were transplanted into localities that previously only contained a killifish, Rivulus hartii. This situation ...
Lin Youhui - - 2011
Dopamine exhibits intriguing reactivity with silver nanoparticles through Ag-catechol interaction, which results in non-crosslinking AgNP aggregation, thus providing a novel approach for colorimetric detection of dopamine with high sensitivity and selectivity.
Sloane Lauren B - - 2011
Research has attempted to identify biomarkers of aging that are predictive of longevity and specific age-related changes during animal life span. Tail tendon break time (TTBT), one presumed biomarker, measures collagen cross-linking, known to increase with age. Significant differences in the rate of increase of TTBT with age have been ...
Vigl Matthäus - - 2011
We conducted a study to measure the associations of socio-demographic factors with quality of life outcomes among adults with congenital heart disease (CHD). Results are drawn from a questionnaire-based survey in 676 adults with CHD and compared to age and sex-matched controls of a representative national survey. Subjective outcomes were ...
Sikorski Claudia - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine to what extent studies published in two German journals took the age of their sample into consideration. All publications of the two journals were viewed. Only empirical research papers were included. It was then assessed whether they included information on age of ...
Amini Reza - - 2010
Health-related quality of life measurements are necessary tools for current situation assessment of all populations. They are absolutely beneficial for evaluation of rehabilitation services which are known as major clinical sources for improving quality of life in physically impaired patients.The design and implementation of this study involved determination of the ...
Sharp Zelton Dave - - 2011
Longstanding results with calorie and growth factor restriction plus recent results with the first interventional drug suggest that retarding the pace of aging to improve the quality of life of older people is at hand. The biological system targeted by these approaches is the target of rapamycin (TOR), which is ...
Ridgway I D - - 2011
Bivalve molluscs are newly discovered models of successful aging, and this invertebrate group includes Arctica islandica, with the longest metazoan life span. Despite an increasing biogerontological focus on bivalves, their life history traits in relation to maximum age are not as comprehensively understood as those in vertebrate model aging organisms. ...
Khazaeli Aziz A - - 2010
We measured age-specific fecundity and survival in recombinant inbred lines of Drosophila melanogaster that were derived from an artificial selection experiment for delayed reproduction. Age at peak oviposition is highly heritable (h(2) (B) = 0.55). We find three qualitative categories of peak oviposition: early-, midlife-, and bimodal. Genetic correlations between ...
Le Couteur David G - - 2011
In the past, it has been assumed that all the biological and medical changes that occur in old age are deleterious. It has therefore been concluded that treatment and prevention of such changes in old age should increase healthspan and delay death. However, accruing epidemiological and clinical trial evidence in ...
Bonnie Linda H A - - 2010
With the increasing interest in lifestyle, health and consequences of unhealthy lifestyles for the healthcare system, a new kind of solidarity is gaining importance: lifestyle solidarity. While it might not seem fair to let other people pay for the costs arising from an unhealthy lifestyle, it does not seem fair ...
Carey James R - - 2011
The purpose of this paper is to summarize recent research on longevity, aging and adaptation in wild medfly populations and in a close relative of the medfly. The key findings include a new life table identity that relates age structure and the distribution of deaths in stationary populations, seasonal variation ...
Borries Carola - - 2011
Primate life histories are strongly influenced by both body and brain mass and are mediated by food availability and perhaps dietary adaptations. It has been suggested that folivorous primates mature and reproduce more slowly than frugivores due to lower basal metabolic rates as well as to greater degrees of arboreality, ...
Coyula Miguel - - 2010
In Cuba, various factors have led to nearly zero population growth and a rapidly aging society. In a few years, the rush of baby-boomers reaching retirement will stand the population pyramid on its head, as the country's life expectancy already nears 80 years. Almost 20% of all Cubans live in ...
Cholbi Michael - - 2010
This article addresses the question of whether the arguments for a duty to die given by John Hardwig, the most prominent philosophical advocate of such a duty, are sound. Hardwig believes that the duty to die is relatively widespread among those with burdensome illnesses, dependencies, or medical conditions. I argue ...
Koch Tina - - 2010
To present alternative stories of ageing that countered the prevailing negative stereotypes of older people by interviewing centenarians about their lives. Sixteen healthy U.K. centenarian volunteers were interviewed in their place of residence. A story draft was produced using the interview recording and verbatim transcript. The four researchers collaborated to ...
Feser Jason J Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80010, - - 2010
Changes to the chromatin structure accompany aging, but the molecular mechanisms underlying aging and the accompanying changes to the chromatin are unclear. Here, we report a mechanism whereby altering chromatin structure regulates life span. We show that normal aging is accompanied by a profound loss of histone proteins from the ...
Boyle Patricia A - - 2010
To examine the association between life space, a measure of functional status that describes the range of movement through the environment covered during daily functioning, and the risk of mortality in older community-based persons. Two ongoing, prospective observational cohort studies of aging. Greater metropolitan Chicago area. One thousand four hundred ...
Sudnongbua Supaporn - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which older persons in rural Northeast Thailand felt abandoned by the emigration of their children and the impact this may have on their quality of life. A cross sectional survey, consisting of 113 questions including the 26-item WHOQOL-BREF and ...
Carriere Jonathan S A - - 2010
Recent research has revealed an age-related reduction in errors in a sustained attention task, suggesting that sustained attention abilities improve with age. Such results seem paradoxical in light of the well-documented age-related declines in cognitive performance. In the present study, performance on the sustained attention to response task (SART) was ...
Cohen Carl I - - 2010
This study examined a community sample of older adults with schizophrenia to determine whether there were differences in religiousness with their age peers, to examine the relationship between religiousness and psychotic symptoms, and to see whether religiousness has direct or stress-buffering effects on quality of life. The schizophrenia group consisted ...
Kavé Gitit - - 2010
Picture-naming performance for 48 black-and-white drawings was investigated in 1,145 Hebrew speakers, ages 5-86. Both a linear and a curvilinear quadratic model fit the data, reflecting an increase in ability with age as well as an increase followed by a decrease beyond that linear rise. Late-life performance was more affected ...
Cho Irene - - 2010
Life history theory hypothesizes that genetically based variation in life history traits results from alleles that alter age-specific patterns of energy allocation among the competing demands of reproduction, storage, and maintenance. Despite the important role that alleles with age-specific effects must play in life history evolution, few naturally occurring alleles ...
Gerstorf Denis - - 2010
Life-span psychological research has long been interested in the contextual embeddedness of individual development. To examine whether and how regional variables relate to between-person disparities in the progression of late-life well-being, we applied three-level growth curve models to 24-year longitudinal data from deceased participants of the German Socio-Economic Panel Study ...
Das Dipak K - - 2010
Resveratrol, a polyphenol phytoalexin, present in red wine and grapes possesses diverse biochemical and physiological properties, including estrogenic, antiplatelet, and anti-inflammatory properties as well as a wide range of health benefits ranging from chemoprevention to cardioprotection. Recently, several studies described resveratrol as an anti-aging compound. This review focuses on the ...
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