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Results 201 - 250 of 1462
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Machens Andreas A Department of General, Visceral, and Vascular Surgery, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Ernst-Grube-Strasse 40, D-06097 Halle (Saale), Germany. - - 2013
In multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2, American Thyroid Association (ATA) management guidelines recommend continuous biochemical screening for pheochromocytoma and/or primary hyperparathyroidism. This implicit assumption of linear tumor development is difficult to reconcile with current thinking that cells accrue somatic mutations stochastically, yielding a bell-shaped distribution. This investigation aimed at evaluating ...
Bellini R - - 2013
Mating competitiveness trials have been conducted in large net-screened enclosures (8 by 5 by 2.8 m) built in a natural shaded environment, in the summers of 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009 in northern Italy. Aedes albopictus (Skuse) males were radio-sterilized by applying gamma radiations at doses in the range 30-60 ...
Bisaz Reto - - 2013
Most of the mechanisms involved in neural plasticity support cognition, and aging has a considerable effect on some of these processes. The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) of the immunoglobulin superfamily plays a pivotal role in structural and functional plasticity and is required to modulate cognitive and emotional behaviors. However, ...
Harrison Sarah J - - 2013
Theoretically, sexual signals should provide honest information about mating benefits and many sexually reproducing species use honest signals when signalling to potential mates. Male crickets produce two types of acoustic mating signals: a long-distance mate attraction call and a short-range courtship call. We tested whether wild-caught fall field cricket (Gryllus ...
Arnal Maríacruz - - 2013
Between 2006 and 2008, an outbreak of Infectious Keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) affected Pyrenean chamois Rupicapra p. pyrenaica, an endemic subspecies of mountain ungulate that lives in the Pyrenees. The study focused on 14 mountain massifs (180,000 ha) where the species' population is stable. Cases of IKC were detected in ten of ...
Miyaoka Yozo - - 2013
Abstract The present study examined sequential changes in masseter activity patterns observed during chewing of four different agar samples in eight healthy young males. Two parameters, T(50) and D(50), were specifically used for evaluation of the activity patterns of individual bursts. Statistical significances were detected in regression coefficients (21.9% of ...
Tumminello Michele - - 2013
A criminal career can be either general, with the criminal committing different types of crimes, or specialized, with the criminal committing a specific type of crime. A central problem in the study of crime specialization is to determine, from the perspective of the criminal, which crimes should be considered similar ...
Patel Biren A - - 2013
Large-scale interspecific studies of mammals ranging between 0.04-280 kg have shown that larger animals walk with more extended limb joints. Within a taxon or clade, however, the relationship between body size and joint posture is less straightforward. Factors that may affect the lack of congruence between broad and narrow phylogenetic ...
Koneru Anila - - 2013
Dental records, fingerprint, and DNA comparisons are probably the most common techniques used for a person's identification, allowing fast and secure identification processes. However, sometimes it is necessary to apply different and less known techniques such as lip prints. The potential of lip prints to determine sex has been well ...
Mestrinho Lisa A - - 2013
Tooth resorption (TR) is one of the most common dental diseases in cats. Determination of risk factors has not yet been fully assessed and, to the best knowledge of the authors, this disease has never been studied in Portuguese cats. The objective of this case-control study was to determine type ...
Johnson Tracy L - - 2013
Blood pressure increases with age, and dysfunction of the dopamine D3 receptor has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension. To evaluate the role of the D3 receptor in aging-related hypertension, we assessed cardiac structure and function in differently aged (2 mo, 1 yr, 2 yr) wild type (WT) and ...
Ranucci David - - 2013
Wild and farmed game meat consumption has been highlighted as an emerging risk factor for Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans. In Central Italy wild boar is widely distributed and is also one of the most popular game species. The main goal of the present study was to estimate the seroprevalence ...
Hussen Hozan Ismael HI Department of Environmental Medicine, Division of Epidemiology, Unit of Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2013
To investigate the trends and the risk of developing type 1 diabetes in the offspring of Swedes and immigrants by specific parental migration background, age, sex and birth cohort. Registry-based cohort study. Using Swedish nationwide data we analysed the risk of developing type 1 diabetes in 3 457 486 female ...
Boukraa Slimane - - 2013
Since its first report in 2000, the invasive mosquito Aedes albopictus was not found any more during the different entomological inspections performed at its place of introduction in Belgium between 2001 and 2012. In July 2013, one adult male was captured at the same site (a platform of imported used ...
Marusik Yuri M YM Institute for Biological Problems of the North, RAS, Portovaya Str. 18, Magadan 685000, Russia ; Zoological Museum, University of Turku, FI-20014 Turku, - - 2013
The male of Cryptothele verrucosa L. Koch, 1872, the type species of Cryptothele L. Koch, 1872, known from Fiji and Samoa, is described for the first time. It is compared with the male of C. alluaudi Simon, 1893, the single properly described species of the genus.
Kim Bong-Soo BS ChunLab, Inc., Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Republic of - - 2013
The Sasang constitutional medicine has long been applied to diagnose and treat patients with various diseases. Studies have been conducted for establishment of scientific evidence supporting Sasang Constitutional (SC) diagnosis. Recent human microbiome studies have demonstrated individual variations of gut microbiota which can be dependent on lifestyle and health conditions. ...
Hamby Sherry S Department of Psychology and Life Paths Research Program, Sewanee, the University of the South, Sewanee, TN 37383, USA. - - 2013
Most interest in violence and gender has focused on certain types of victimization such as sex offenses and relational aggression. This study examined gender patterns across numerous forms of youth victimization. The data are from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV), a nationally representative U.S. sample of ...
Mlíkovský Jiří J Affiliation: unknown; Email: - - 2013
The White-winged Lark is a monotypic bird species of Middle Asian steppes (Vaurie 1959; Alström et al. 2004; see Cowan 2006, 2007 for the term 'Middle Asia'). It was called Alauda (or Melanocorypha) sibirica J.F. Gmelin (1789: 799) until Gyldenstolpe (1926: 22) observed that Tanagra siberica Sparrman (1786: pl. 19) ...
Agrawal Shreya S Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, - - 2013
Assess mortality risk factors including age, sex, and disaster type, in the March 2010 floods and landslides in Eastern Uganda and to compare time period, cause, location, and receipt of medical care among landslide and flood fatalities. A stratified cluster survey was conducted of 802 affected households in community and ...
Che Alison A a Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University , Halifax , Nova Scotia , - - 2013
When couples hold hands, one partner must take the lead hand and the other the following hand position. As potential correlates or predictors of handholding positions within lesbian couples, this article explored differences in height, age, income, who initiated the relationship, who usually initiates sexual intimacy, previous history of partnership ...
Nabbout Rima R Department of Pediatric Neurology, Centre de Reference Epilepsies Rares, Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades APHP, Paris, France. - - 2013
Dravet syndrome (DS) is currently considered as an epileptic encephalopathy, a condition in which epilepsy causes deterioration or developmental delay but preliminary data suggested that cognitive course may worsen independently from epilepsy. Our objective was to prospectively analyze the neuropsychological features in a large cohort of DS patients and its ...
Badawi Alaa A Public Health Division, Supreme Council of Health , Doha, Qatar ; Office of Biotechnology, Genomics and Population Health, Public Health Agency of Canada , Toronto, Ontario, - - 2012
Qatar has a high burden of chronic diseases including obesity, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Low serum vitamin D levels have been implicated in the development and progression of a range of these chronic conditions. The prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency in the general population of ...
Martin Carol Lynn CL Arizona State University, Tempe, AR, USA. - - 2013
A stochastic actor-based model was used to investigate the origins of sex segregation by examining how similarity in sex of peers and time spent in gender-typed activities affected affiliation network selection and how peers influenced children's (N = 292; Mage = 4.3 years) activity involvement. Gender had powerful effects on ...
Karr Trisha M - - 2012
Through multiple group structural equation modeling analyses, path models were used to test the predictive effects of sport type and both interpersonal (i.e., mothers' body dissatisfaction, family dynamics) and intrapersonal factors (i.e., athletic self-efficacy, body mass index [BMI]) on high school female sport participants' (N=627) body dissatisfaction. Sport types were ...
Jiménez Caballero P E - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 neurofibromatosis is the most common neurocutaneous syndrome. Most published case series study the paediatric population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of cases of type 1 neurofibromatosis from neurology departments that were recorded in a database. We analysed the different clinical variables providing the diagnosis as well as ...
Andrei Felicia F PhD stud., Department of Anatomy and Embryology, "Victor Babeş" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timişoara, - - 2012
The rhinopharynx and the parapharyngeal space (PPS) are complex anatomical territories located beneath the skull base. Thorough knowledge of the complex anatomy of the PPS is essential in treatment of pathologies such as parapharyngeal abscesses. The roof of the PPS is overlooked in anatomy. It was hypothesized that the pneumatization ...
Luciano Alexandre de Paiva Ade P Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology of the School of Medicine of Taubaté. SP. Arthroscopy and Sports Traumatology Study Group of Hospital Universitário de Taubaté SP. Service of Prof. Dr. Nelson Franco - - 2012
This is a retrospective study showing the incidence, type and extent of injuries occurring in the foot and/or ankle as a result of recreational sports practice. We treated 131 patients, of which 123 were male and 8 female, with a history of trauma and pain in the foot and/or ankle ...
Butala Parag P Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery Laboratory, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, - - 2012
The graying of our population has motivated the authors to better understand age-related impairments in wound healing. To increase research throughput, the authors hypothesized that the Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome Zmpste24-deficient (Zmpste24(-/-)) mouse could serve as a model of senescent wound healing. Using a stented excisional wound closure model, the authors ...
Oliva Clelia F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The development of the sterile insect technique (SIT) for reducing populations of Aedes albopictus (Skuse), (the vector of Chikungunya and Dengue fever), was studied in Reunion Island. For some mosquito species the sterilization process and mating activity may alter male survival. Most previous studies were carried out in the ...
Milot Emmanuel - - 2013
Salmonids rank among the most socioeconomically valuable fishes and the most targeted species by stocking with hatchery-reared individuals. Here, we used molecular parentage analysis to assess the reproductive success of wild- and hatchery-born Atlantic salmon over three consecutive years in a small river in Québec. Yearly restocking in this river ...
Richard Antoine - - 2012
In this study, we documented the breeding system of a wild population of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) by genetically sampling every returning adult and assessed the determinants of individual fitness. We then quantified the impacts of catch and release (C&R) on mating and reproductive success. Both sexes showed high ...
Saadat Mostafa - - 2012
Summary The prevalence of consanguinity in eight provinces of Afghanistan has recently been reported by Saify & Saadat (2012). The present cross-sectional study was done in order to illustrate the prevalence and types of consanguineous marriages among other populations of Afghanistan. Data on types of marriages were collected using a ...
Fleisher Adam S AS Banner Alzheimer's Institute, Phoenix, AZ, USA. - - 2012
Fibrillar amyloid-β (Aβ) is thought to begin accumulating in the brain many years before the onset of clinical impairment in patients with Alzheimer's disease. By assessing the accumulation of Aβ in people at risk of genetic forms of Alzheimer's disease, we can identify how early preclinical changes start in individuals ...
Trampisch Ulrike Sonja - - 2012
Hand grip strength is an indicator of general muscle strength that is measured using a hand dynamometer. In some studies, a subject's grip strength is taken to be the maximal grip strength achieved from measurements taken at several different dynamometer handle positions. However, little is known about the influence of ...
Juan-Blasco María - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The success of an area-wide sterile insect technique (SIT) programme against Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) relies on the mating success of sterile males in the field. Limited information is available about the effectiveness of sterile males in achieving mates with wild females and how these matings contribute to ...
Scheibe Susanne S Department of Psychology, Stanford University, USA. - - 2013
The experience of positive affect is essential for healthy functioning and quality of life. Although there is a great deal of research on ways in which people regulate negative states, little is known about the regulation of positive states. In the present study we examined age differences in the types ...
Kero Mia - - 2012
Pathogenic mutations of the APP gene, leading to early-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) have been known for more than 20 years. Recently, it was discovered that APP mutations might also be protective. A rare variant A673T reportedly protects against AD and age-related cognitive impairment and might functionally inhibit proteolytic cleavage at ...
Dachtler James J Cardiff School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AX, United - - 2012
Nitric oxide synthase-1 (NOS1) is involved in several forms of plasticity including hippocampal-dependent learning and memory, experience-dependent plasticity in the barrel cortex, and long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus and neocortex. NOS1 also contributes to ischemic damage during stroke and has a stronger deleterious effect in males than females. We ...
Templeton Christopher N CN School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, UK. - - 2013
Vocal duetting occurs in many taxa, but its function remains much-debated. Like species in which only one sex sings, duetting birds can use their song repertoires to signal aggression by singing song types that match those of territorial intruders. However, when pairs do not share specific combinations of songs (duet ...
Genç Gülsüm Aydan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Newborn hearing screening (NHS) works well for babies with bilateral hearing loss. However, for those with unilateral loss, it has yet to be established some standard rules like age of diagnose, risk factors, hearing loss degree. The aim of this study is to identify the demographic characteristics of newborns ...
Burger Oskar - - 2012
Life expectancy is increasing in most countries and has exceeded 80 in several, as low-mortality nations continue to make progress in averting deaths. The health and economic implications of mortality reduction have been given substantial attention, but the observed malleability of human mortality has not been placed in a broad ...
Cunningham Melissa D MD Program in Genomics of Differentiation, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, - - 2012
Wapl protein regulates binding of the cohesin complex to chromosomes during interphase and helps remove cohesin from chromosomes at mitosis. We isolated a dominant mutation in wapl (wapl(AG)) in a screen for mutations that counteract silencing mediated by an engrailed Polycomb-group response element. wapl(AG) hemizygotes die as pharate adults and ...
Ueno Tsuyoshi - - 2012
Aging is one of the best, but rarely referred, risk factors for various types of cancer including lung cancer, because age could be a surrogate for accumulation of genetic events in cancers. Smoking inversely associates with the presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation in lung cancer, but its ...
Anderson John F - - 2012
Relative increases of bed bug, Cimex lectularius L., populations are probably due in large measure to their resistance to pyrethroids, which have been used extensively against urban pests. A Connecticut population of bed bugs was assessed for sensitivity to pyrethroids and exposed to commonly-used commercial insecticides applied to various substrates ...
Vredeveld Tom - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to report on the prevalence of Modic changes (MCs) in a group of Netherlands military men who were scheduled for surgery (lumbar discectomy). This was a retrospective observational study of health records. From 133 patients in active military service seen from January 2004 to ...
Seyfarth Robert M - - 2012
Studies of personality in nonhuman primates have usually relied on assessments by humans and seldom considered the function of the resulting "trait" classifications. In contrast, we applied exploratory principal component analysis to seven behaviors among 45 wild female baboons over 7 y to determine whether the personality dimensions that emerged ...
Zizzi A - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The accumulation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) seems to play an important role in the development of diabetes mellitus (DM)-associated periodontitis; however, some aspects of this issue are still scarcely known, such as the expression of AGEs in type 1 DM-associated periodontitis and the clinical factors able ...
Micu Emanuela - - 2012
Superficial-spreading melanoma (SSM) and nodular melanoma (NM) are the most common histological types of melanoma. These are seemingly distinct entities, on the basis of epidemiology, clinical behavior, tumor biological, and histological aspects as well as molecular characteristics. Intermittent sun exposure seems to play a major role in SSM, which has ...
Kennedy R J - - 2012
An enhancement programme based on stocking 0+ year age-class Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, conducted in the River Bush, Northern Ireland, U.K. over the period 1996-2005, was reviewed with reference to the performance and biological characteristics of wild fish. Wild ova to 0+ year fry (summer) survival was c. 8% with ...
Fakin Ana - - 2012
Purpose of this study was to characterise retinal disease in Usher syndrome using fundus autofluorescence and optical coherence tomography. Study included 54 patients (26 male, 28 female) aged 7-70 years. There were 18 (33%) USH1 and 36 (67%) USH 2 patients. 49/52 (94%) patients were found to carry at least ...
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