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Holden S H - - 2013
AIMS: To characterize the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the UK over the previous 20 years; and determine if there has been an increase in people aged 40 years or less at diagnosis. METHODS: For this retrospective cohort study, patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes between 1991 and 2010 were ...
Lennie Susan C - - 2013
Abstract Waist girth is recognised as a better predictor of obesity, particularly abdominal obesity, compared to other measures. Although several protocols for waist girth exist, arm position is either ignored, or not specified in unambiguous terms. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if arm position influenced anthropometric ...
Ichijo Hiroaki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We sometimes experience patients with persistent torsional/vertical (upbeating) positional nystagmus in the head-hanging position. We have been convinced of the existence of cupulolithiasis of the posterior semicircular canal because such cases reveal persistent torsional/vertical (downbeating) positional nystagmus in the nose-down position. PURPOSE: In order to confirm the validity of ...
Kalichman L - - 2013
In a sample of Chuvashians (803 males and 738 females) we evaluated the mean values of index finger to ring finger (2D:4D) ratio, the contributions of phalanges and metacarpals to the 2D:4D ratio, and the symmetry between right and left 2D:4D ratios. Age, sex, anthropometric data and radiographs of both ...
Yang Yunqiang - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the relevance of sex, age, and cleft type to velopharyngeal function after primary Sommerlad palatoplasty so as to improve velopharyngeal function after the procedure. Records of 503 patients with nonsyndromic cleft palate after primary Sommerlad palatoplasty were included in the retrospective study. ...
Harrison Christopher - - 2013
International studies suggest that premature ejaculation (PE) is the most common type of male sexual dysfunction, affecting 14-30% of males aged 18 years and over. The personal nature of PE, and the hesitancy of both patients and clinicians to raise the subject, means that only a small proportion of those ...
Chiu Shuenn-Nan - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To delineate the long-term outcomes and mechanisms of pediatric sinus bradycardia. STUDY DESIGN: Participants with sinus bradycardia who were identified from a survey of 432 166 elementary and high school students, were enrolled 10 years after the survey. The clinical course, heart rate variability, and hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated potassium channel ...
Hobaiter Catherine - - 2013
We examined hand preference in the intentional gestural communication of wild chimpanzees in the Budongo forest, Uganda. Individuals showed some tendency to be lateralized, although less than has been reported for begging and pointing gestures in captivity; on average, their absolute bias was around 0.25 (where 1.0 represents complete right- ...
Fürtbauer Ines - - 2013
An extensive body of research exists on androgen secretion in males. Although androgens are also known to drive patterns of female reproductive physiology and behavior, little attention has been paid to these "male" hormones in females. Here, we examined female fecal androgen excretion in strictly seasonally breeding wild Assamese macaques ...
Junnila Riia K RK Edison Biotechnology Institute, Ohio University, 1 Water Tower Drive, The Ridges, Athens, OH 45701, - - 2013
Secretion of growth hormone (GH), and consequently that of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), declines over time until only low levels can be detected in individuals aged ≥60 years. This phenomenon, which is known as the 'somatopause', has led to recombinant human GH being widely promoted and abused as an ...
McFall G Peggy GP Department of Psychology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2013
We tested independent and interactive contributions of a recently noted and promising insulin degrading enzyme polymorphism (IDE; rs6583817) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) to executive function performance, concurrently and longitudinally. Regarding normal neurocognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease, T2D is a known risk factor and this IDE variant might contribute risk ...
Inoue Masako - - 2013
Red-crowned (or Japanese) cranes Grus japonensis are native to eastern Hokkaido, Japan-the island population and mainland Asia-the continental population that migrates from breeding grounds along the Amur River Basin to winter in east China and the Korean Peninsula. The island population was reduced to about 50-60 birds in early part ...
Nguyen Duy D New York University, New York, NY, - - 2013
Despite nearly universal insurance coverage for older Americans over the age of 65, the preretirement age cohort is susceptible to gaps in coverage. Related to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), this study investigated heterogeneity in insurance status for preretirement Asian immigrants by examining the interacting effects of ...
Yuan Conghui - - 2013
This paper introduces not only a simple hydrothermal route to silver-polyaniline (Ag-PANI) nanocomposites with controllable morphology, but also a type of catalyst possessing tunable and switchable catalytic capability. Ag-PANI Janus nanoparticles (NPs) and Ag@PANI core-shell NPs have been constructed successfully at different hydrothermal temperatures. The diameter of both Ag and ...
Hirshfeld-Cytron J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Regret after tubal ligation continues to be a problem. After tubal ligation couples have the option of tubal surgery or in vitro fertilization (IVF). STUDY DESIGN: Using decision analysis techniques, we compared cost-effectiveness of tubal reanastomosis by tubal type versus IVF for three separate age groups of woman: < ...
Zheng Lianbin - - 2013
Using standard and internationally validated methods, 86 anthropologic characteristics were determined in 650 male (305 from urban areas and 345 from rural areas) and 704 female (331 from urban areas, 373 from rural areas) Chinese Hakka adults living in Guangdong and Jiangxi. The data were used to calculate 24 anthropologic ...
Gursky-Doyen Sharon - - 2013
This preliminary study characterizes the ultrasonic vocalizations produced by Philippine tarsiers, Tarsius syrichta. Data were collected at the Philippine Tarsier Foundation Sanctuary in Corella, Bohol, Philippines, from July through October 2010. Recordings were made on a Wildlife Acoustics Ultrasonic Song Meter 2 BAT from 29 wild, free-living adult resident T. ...
Clemons Traci E - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine whether the prevalences of various systemic conditions in participants of the MacTel Project Natural History Observation (NHO) Study differ from the corresponding prevalences in the general population. Methods: This report compares the prevalence of systemic disease in participants of the NHO Study with age- and sex-matched ...
Lindgren Antti E AE Neurosurgery, NeuroCenter, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes is a risk factor for other forms of stroke, but its association with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from ruptured saccular intracranial aneurysm (sIA) has remained unclear. Kuopio Intracranial Aneurysm Database (www.uef.fi/ns) includes all ruptured and unruptured sIA cases from a defined catchment population in eastern Finland since 1980. ...
Sigurjonsdottir Kristin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recent case--control studies have shown an association between type 3 finger length pattern (longer ring finger than index finger) and knee osteoarthritis. This large cross-sectional study tests the hypothesis that the type 3 pattern is associated with total joint replacements due to osteoarthritis in a large population based study. ...
Keightley M - - 2013
The objective of this study was to describe the number, types and locations of known injuries occurring across different age categories and levels of competition in female ice hockey within the Ontario Women's Hockey Association from 2004/05 to 2007/08. We further examined under which aforementioned factors and combination of factors ...
Gamelon Marlène - - 2013
In highly variable environments, the optimal reproductive tactics of iteroparous organisms should minimize variance in yearly reproductive success to maximize the long-term average reproductive success. To minimize among-year variation in reproductive success, individuals can either minimize the variance in the number of offspring produced at each reproductive attempt (classical bet-hedging) ...
Jones Simon A - - 2013
Hunter syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type II) is a rare and life-limiting multisystemic disorder with an X-linked recessive pattern of inheritance. Short stature is a prominent feature of this condition. This analysis aimed to investigate the effects of enzyme replacement therapy with idursulfase on growth in patients enrolled in HOS - the ...
Stark Tobias H - - 2013
The generalization of attitudes toward individual outgroup members into attitudes toward the outgroup as a whole can affect intergroup relations. However, little is known about the relative strengths of the generalization of negative and positive interpersonal attitudes into attitudes about the outgroup. The unique contribution of negative (disliking) interpersonal attitudes ...
Weinstein Alexander M AM Orthopaedic and Arthritis Center for Outcomes Research, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
In the last decade, the number of total knee replacements performed annually in the United States has doubled, with disproportionate increases among younger adults. While total knee replacement is a highly effective treatment for end-stage knee osteoarthritis, total knee replacement recipients can experience persistent pain and severe complications. We are ...
Burton Tim - - 2013
Both the environments experienced by a mother as a juvenile and an adult can affect her investment in offspring. However, the implications of these maternal legacies, both juvenile and adult, for offspring fitness in natural populations are unclear. We investigated whether the juvenile growth rate and adult reproductive traits (length, ...
Mihelić Damir - - 2013
During archaeological campaigne on Vucedol site 7 crania and cranial fragments together with 10 halfs of lower jaws were found. Due to existance of crania and lower jaws damages and therefore lack of preserved craniometrical points, it was not possible to measure the same craniometrical lengths on all the samples. ...
Kim Min-Jeong MJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ; Seoul National University Hospital Healthcare System Gangnam Center, Seoul, - - 2013
We investigated the type-specific high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence and distribution according to cervical cytology and age in healthy Korean women. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted with 7,014 consecutive subjects undergoing both liquid-based cervical cytology and HPV genotyping test by DNA chip for cervical cancer screening. The type-specific prevalence ...
Kayastha S S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nepal Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Jorpati, Kathmandu, Nepal. - - 2013
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) is defined as heavy and or irregular menstruation in the absence of recognizable pelvic pathology, pregnancy or general bleeding disorder. Hyperplastic endometrium is abnormal histology finding found in DUB. Out of three type of hyperplasia, atypical type is associated with co-existent ca endometrium and the chance ...
Colleoni José Luiz - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between frequency of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) mechanoreceptors and age in men. Methods: Nineteen normal right knees harvested from human male cadavers were evaluated. Age ranged from 17 to 64 years with a mean of 35 years ...
Halim May Ling - - 2013
A key prediction of cognitive theories of gender development concerns developmental trajectories in the relative strength or rigidity of gender typing. To examine these trajectories in early childhood, 229 children (African American, Mexican American, and Dominican American) were followed annually from age 3 to 5 years, and gender-stereotypical appearance, dress-up play, ...
Anderson Stacy L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare bursting strength and failure mode between ventral median (VM) and right ventral paramedian (RVP) celiotomies closed with 1 section of USP 7 braided polydioxanone (7PD). STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo experimental. ANIMALS: Equine cadavers (n = 12). METHODS: A 25 cm VM or RVP (positioned 5 cm lateral to the linea alba) ...
Stamatakis Emmanuel E Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK. - - 2013
To examine associations between three types of screen time (TV, electronic games (EG), and personal computer (PC)) and two proxies of adiposity (body mass index (BMI) and sum of skinfolds) in children. The sample comprised 17,509 children aged 2-13 years who participated in the 2009/10 Portuguese Prevalence Study of Obesity ...
Zhao J J - - 2013
The type of host tissues and cells ingested by piercing and sucking insects greatly affects their nutrient intake, which may subsequently affect insect fitness. This study describes the sex differences in feeding site selection between male and female nymphs of the Chinese white wax scale insect (CWWS), Ericerus pela (Chavannes), ...
Polguj Michał - - 2013
The concept of the study was to compare the morphometry of the suprascapular notch (SSN) in females and males because its size and shape may be a factor in suprascapular nerve entrapment. The measurements of 81 scapulae included morphological length and width, maximal width and length projection of the scapular ...
van der Velden S - - 2013
Previous research has documented that total mercury concentrations ([THg]) are lower in anadromous Arctic charr than in non-anadromous conspecifics, but the two life-history forms have rarely been studied together. Here, data from nine pairs of closely-located anadromous and non-anadromous Arctic charr populations were used to explore the impact of biological ...
Ibe Sachie - - 2013
We investigated the effects of a water extract of natto on the aging of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The water extract significantly prolonged the adult lifespan of the wild-type worms and rendered them resistant to oxidative and thermal stress. In addition, treatment with natto extract significantly delayed the accumulation of ...
Naish K A - - 2013
Inbreeding is of concern in supportive breeding programmes in Pacific salmonids, Oncorhynchus spp, where the number of breeding adults is limited by rearing space or poor survival to adulthood, and large numbers are released to supplement wild stocks and fisheries. We reconstructed the pedigree of 6602 migratory hatchery steelhead (Oncorhynchus ...
Nelson Amanda E AE Thurston Arthritis Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 3300 Doc J. Thurston Building, CB #7280, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2013
To determine differences in the phenotypes (patterns) of multiple-joint symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) involvement by race and sex. A cross-sectional analysis of symptomatic OA phenotypes was performed in a community-based cohort, comprising subjects for whom data were collected from 4 sites of symptomatic OA involvement (the hands, knees, hips, and lumbosacral ...
Nevoux Marie - - 2013
Dispersal is a key process in population and evolutionary ecology. Individual decisions are affected by fitness consequences of dispersal, but these are difficult to measure in wild populations. A long-term dataset on a geographically closed bird population, the Mauritius kestrel, offers a rare opportunity to explore fitness consequences. Females dispersed ...
Curt Thomas - - 2013
Characterizing time intervals between successive fires in the recent history is of main interest for fire hazard prevention and sustainable environmental management as it indicates what the typical fire return interval for each type of ecosystem is. We tested the extent to which fire return intervals (FRIs) depend on fuel ...
Kauther Max D - - 2013
An aging population with higher bone turnover intensifies the need for joint replacement surgery. However, particle-induced osteolysis (PIO) remains a major cause of early implant loosening. Differences in bone remodeling between young and aged Calcitonin (CT)- and α-CGRP (Calcitonin gene-related peptide)-deficient mice (Calca(-/-)) might modify our previous findings regarding CT/α-CGRP ...
Risco D - - 2013
Porcine brucellosis is a disease caused by Brucella suis, which is characterized by reproductive disorders in pigs. The number of cases of swine brucellosis has risen in many European countries, likely because of the presence of a wild reservoir of B. suis in wild boar. This study aimed at evaluating factors ...
Eikenboom Jeroen J Einthoven Laboratory for Experimental Vascular Medicine, Department of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. - - 2013
During posttranslational modifications of von Willebrand factor (VWF), the VWF propeptide (VWFpp) is cleaved. The ratio between VWFpp and VWF antigen (VWF:Ag) and the ratio between factor VIII (FVIII:C) and VWF:Ag may be used to assess synthesis and clearance of VWF. We analyzed the contribution of VWFpp and ratios of ...
Abraham S - - 2013
The sterile insect technique (SIT) has been proposed as an area-wide method to control the South American fruit fly, Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann). This technique requires sterilization, a procedure that affects, along with other factors, the ability of males to modulate female sexual receptivity after copulation. Numerous pre-release treatments have been ...
Machens Andreas A Department of General, Visceral, and Vascular Surgery, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Ernst-Grube-Strasse 40, D-06097 Halle (Saale), Germany. - - 2013
In multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2, American Thyroid Association (ATA) management guidelines recommend continuous biochemical screening for pheochromocytoma and/or primary hyperparathyroidism. This implicit assumption of linear tumor development is difficult to reconcile with current thinking that cells accrue somatic mutations stochastically, yielding a bell-shaped distribution. This investigation aimed at evaluating ...
Bellini R - - 2013
Mating competitiveness trials have been conducted in large net-screened enclosures (8 by 5 by 2.8 m) built in a natural shaded environment, in the summers of 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009 in northern Italy. Aedes albopictus (Skuse) males were radio-sterilized by applying gamma radiations at doses in the range 30-60 ...
Bisaz Reto - - 2013
Most of the mechanisms involved in neural plasticity support cognition, and aging has a considerable effect on some of these processes. The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) of the immunoglobulin superfamily plays a pivotal role in structural and functional plasticity and is required to modulate cognitive and emotional behaviors. However, ...
Harrison Sarah J - - 2013
Theoretically, sexual signals should provide honest information about mating benefits and many sexually reproducing species use honest signals when signalling to potential mates. Male crickets produce two types of acoustic mating signals: a long-distance mate attraction call and a short-range courtship call. We tested whether wild-caught fall field cricket (Gryllus ...
Arnal Maríacruz - - 2013
Between 2006 and 2008, an outbreak of Infectious Keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) affected Pyrenean chamois Rupicapra p. pyrenaica, an endemic subspecies of mountain ungulate that lives in the Pyrenees. The study focused on 14 mountain massifs (180,000 ha) where the species' population is stable. Cases of IKC were detected in ten of ...
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