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Burton Tim - - 2013
Both the environments experienced by a mother as a juvenile and an adult can affect her investment in offspring. However, the implications of these maternal legacies, both juvenile and adult, for offspring fitness in natural populations are unclear. We investigated whether the juvenile growth rate and adult reproductive traits (length, ...
Mihelić Damir - - 2013
During archaeological campaigne on Vucedol site 7 crania and cranial fragments together with 10 halfs of lower jaws were found. Due to existance of crania and lower jaws damages and therefore lack of preserved craniometrical points, it was not possible to measure the same craniometrical lengths on all the samples. ...
Kim Min-Jeong MJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ; Seoul National University Hospital Healthcare System Gangnam Center, Seoul, - - 2013
We investigated the type-specific high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence and distribution according to cervical cytology and age in healthy Korean women. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted with 7,014 consecutive subjects undergoing both liquid-based cervical cytology and HPV genotyping test by DNA chip for cervical cancer screening. The type-specific prevalence ...
Kayastha S S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nepal Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Jorpati, Kathmandu, Nepal. - - 2013
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) is defined as heavy and or irregular menstruation in the absence of recognizable pelvic pathology, pregnancy or general bleeding disorder. Hyperplastic endometrium is abnormal histology finding found in DUB. Out of three type of hyperplasia, atypical type is associated with co-existent ca endometrium and the chance ...
Colleoni José Luiz - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between frequency of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) mechanoreceptors and age in men. Methods: Nineteen normal right knees harvested from human male cadavers were evaluated. Age ranged from 17 to 64 years with a mean of 35 years ...
Halim May Ling - - 2013
A key prediction of cognitive theories of gender development concerns developmental trajectories in the relative strength or rigidity of gender typing. To examine these trajectories in early childhood, 229 children (African American, Mexican American, and Dominican American) were followed annually from age 3 to 5 years, and gender-stereotypical appearance, dress-up play, ...
Anderson Stacy L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare bursting strength and failure mode between ventral median (VM) and right ventral paramedian (RVP) celiotomies closed with 1 section of USP 7 braided polydioxanone (7PD). STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo experimental. ANIMALS: Equine cadavers (n = 12). METHODS: A 25 cm VM or RVP (positioned 5 cm lateral to the linea alba) ...
Stamatakis Emmanuel E Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK. - - 2013
To examine associations between three types of screen time (TV, electronic games (EG), and personal computer (PC)) and two proxies of adiposity (body mass index (BMI) and sum of skinfolds) in children. The sample comprised 17,509 children aged 2-13 years who participated in the 2009/10 Portuguese Prevalence Study of Obesity ...
Zhao J J - - 2013
The type of host tissues and cells ingested by piercing and sucking insects greatly affects their nutrient intake, which may subsequently affect insect fitness. This study describes the sex differences in feeding site selection between male and female nymphs of the Chinese white wax scale insect (CWWS), Ericerus pela (Chavannes), ...
Polguj Michał - - 2013
The concept of the study was to compare the morphometry of the suprascapular notch (SSN) in females and males because its size and shape may be a factor in suprascapular nerve entrapment. The measurements of 81 scapulae included morphological length and width, maximal width and length projection of the scapular ...
van der Velden S - - 2013
Previous research has documented that total mercury concentrations ([THg]) are lower in anadromous Arctic charr than in non-anadromous conspecifics, but the two life-history forms have rarely been studied together. Here, data from nine pairs of closely-located anadromous and non-anadromous Arctic charr populations were used to explore the impact of biological ...
Ibe Sachie - - 2013
We investigated the effects of a water extract of natto on the aging of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The water extract significantly prolonged the adult lifespan of the wild-type worms and rendered them resistant to oxidative and thermal stress. In addition, treatment with natto extract significantly delayed the accumulation of ...
Naish K A - - 2013
Inbreeding is of concern in supportive breeding programmes in Pacific salmonids, Oncorhynchus spp, where the number of breeding adults is limited by rearing space or poor survival to adulthood, and large numbers are released to supplement wild stocks and fisheries. We reconstructed the pedigree of 6602 migratory hatchery steelhead (Oncorhynchus ...
Nelson Amanda E AE Thurston Arthritis Research Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 3300 Doc J. Thurston Building, CB #7280, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2013
To determine differences in the phenotypes (patterns) of multiple-joint symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) involvement by race and sex. A cross-sectional analysis of symptomatic OA phenotypes was performed in a community-based cohort, comprising subjects for whom data were collected from 4 sites of symptomatic OA involvement (the hands, knees, hips, and lumbosacral ...
Nevoux Marie - - 2013
Dispersal is a key process in population and evolutionary ecology. Individual decisions are affected by fitness consequences of dispersal, but these are difficult to measure in wild populations. A long-term dataset on a geographically closed bird population, the Mauritius kestrel, offers a rare opportunity to explore fitness consequences. Females dispersed ...
Curt Thomas - - 2013
Characterizing time intervals between successive fires in the recent history is of main interest for fire hazard prevention and sustainable environmental management as it indicates what the typical fire return interval for each type of ecosystem is. We tested the extent to which fire return intervals (FRIs) depend on fuel ...
Kauther Max D - - 2013
An aging population with higher bone turnover intensifies the need for joint replacement surgery. However, particle-induced osteolysis (PIO) remains a major cause of early implant loosening. Differences in bone remodeling between young and aged Calcitonin (CT)- and α-CGRP (Calcitonin gene-related peptide)-deficient mice (Calca(-/-)) might modify our previous findings regarding CT/α-CGRP ...
Eikenboom Jeroen - - 2013
During post-translational modifications of von Willebrand factor (VWF) the VWF propeptide (VWFpp) is cleaved. The ratio between VWFpp and VWF antigen (VWF:Ag) and the ratio between factor VIII (FVIII:C) and VWF:Ag may be used to assess synthesis and clearance of VWF. We analyzed the contribution of VWFpp and ratios of ...
Risco D - - 2013
Porcine brucellosis is a disease caused by Brucella suis, which is characterized by reproductive disorders in pigs. The number of cases of swine brucellosis has risen in many European countries, likely because of the presence of a wild reservoir of B. suis in wild boar. This study aimed at evaluating factors ...
Abraham S - - 2013
The sterile insect technique (SIT) has been proposed as an area-wide method to control the South American fruit fly, Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann). This technique requires sterilization, a procedure that affects, along with other factors, the ability of males to modulate female sexual receptivity after copulation. Numerous pre-release treatments have been ...
Machens Andreas - - 2013
Context:In multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2, American Thyroid Association (ATA) management guidelines recommend continuous biochemical screening for pheochromocytoma and/or primary hyperparathyroidism. This implicit assumption of linear tumor development is difficult to reconcile with current thinking that cells accrue somatic mutations stochastically, yielding a bell-shaped distribution.Objective:This investigation aimed at evaluating the ...
Bellini R - - 2013
Mating competitiveness trials have been conducted in large net-screened enclosures (8 by 5 by 2.8 m) built in a natural shaded environment, in the summers of 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009 in northern Italy. Aedes albopictus (Skuse) males were radio-sterilized by applying gamma radiations at doses in the range 30-60 ...
Bisaz Reto - - 2013
Most of the mechanisms involved in neural plasticity support cognition, and aging has a considerable effect on some of these processes. The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) of the immunoglobulin superfamily plays a pivotal role in structural and functional plasticity and is required to modulate cognitive and emotional behaviors. However, ...
Harrison Sarah J - - 2013
Theoretically, sexual signals should provide honest information about mating benefits and many sexually reproducing species use honest signals when signalling to potential mates. Male crickets produce two types of acoustic mating signals: a long-distance mate attraction call and a short-range courtship call. We tested whether wild-caught fall field cricket (Gryllus ...
Arnal Maríacruz - - 2013
Between 2006 and 2008, an outbreak of Infectious Keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) affected Pyrenean chamois Rupicapra p. pyrenaica, an endemic subspecies of mountain ungulate that lives in the Pyrenees. The study focused on 14 mountain massifs (180,000 ha) where the species' population is stable. Cases of IKC were detected in ten of ...
Miyaoka Yozo - - 2013
Abstract The present study examined sequential changes in masseter activity patterns observed during chewing of four different agar samples in eight healthy young males. Two parameters, T(50) and D(50), were specifically used for evaluation of the activity patterns of individual bursts. Statistical significances were detected in regression coefficients (21.9% of ...
Tumminello Michele - - 2013
A criminal career can be either general, with the criminal committing different types of crimes, or specialized, with the criminal committing a specific type of crime. A central problem in the study of crime specialization is to determine, from the perspective of the criminal, which crimes should be considered similar ...
Patel Biren A - - 2013
Large-scale interspecific studies of mammals ranging between 0.04-280 kg have shown that larger animals walk with more extended limb joints. Within a taxon or clade, however, the relationship between body size and joint posture is less straightforward. Factors that may affect the lack of congruence between broad and narrow phylogenetic ...
Koneru Anila - - 2013
Dental records, fingerprint, and DNA comparisons are probably the most common techniques used for a person's identification, allowing fast and secure identification processes. However, sometimes it is necessary to apply different and less known techniques such as lip prints. The potential of lip prints to determine sex has been well ...
Mestrinho Lisa A - - 2013
Tooth resorption (TR) is one of the most common dental diseases in cats. Determination of risk factors has not yet been fully assessed and, to the best knowledge of the authors, this disease has never been studied in Portuguese cats. The objective of this case-control study was to determine type ...
Johnson Tracy L - - 2013
Blood pressure increases with age, and dysfunction of the dopamine D3 receptor has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension. To evaluate the role of the D3 receptor in aging-related hypertension, we assessed cardiac structure and function in differently aged (2 mo, 1 yr, 2 yr) wild type (WT) and ...
Ranucci David - - 2013
Wild and farmed game meat consumption has been highlighted as an emerging risk factor for Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans. In Central Italy wild boar is widely distributed and is also one of the most popular game species. The main goal of the present study was to estimate the seroprevalence ...
Hussen Hozan Ismael HI Department of Environmental Medicine, Division of Epidemiology, Unit of Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2013
To investigate the trends and the risk of developing type 1 diabetes in the offspring of Swedes and immigrants by specific parental migration background, age, sex and birth cohort. Registry-based cohort study. Using Swedish nationwide data we analysed the risk of developing type 1 diabetes in 3 457 486 female ...
Agrawal Shreya S Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, - - 2013
Objective: Assess mortality risk factors including age, sex, and disaster type, in the March 2010 floods and landslides in Eastern Uganda and to compare time period, cause, location, and receipt of medical care among landslide and flood fatalities. Design: A stratified cluster survey was conducted of 802 affected households in ...
Boukraa Slimane - - 2013
Since its first report in 2000, the invasive mosquito Aedes albopictus was not found any more during the different entomological inspections performed at its place of introduction in Belgium between 2001 and 2012. In July 2013, one adult male was captured at the same site (a platform of imported used ...
Marusik Yuri M YM Institute for Biological Problems of the North, RAS, Portovaya Str. 18, Magadan 685000, Russia ; Zoological Museum, University of Turku, FI-20014 Turku, - - 2013
The male of Cryptothele verrucosa L. Koch, 1872, the type species of Cryptothele L. Koch, 1872, known from Fiji and Samoa, is described for the first time. It is compared with the male of C. alluaudi Simon, 1893, the single properly described species of the genus.
Kim Bong-Soo BS ChunLab, Inc., Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Republic of - - 2013
The Sasang constitutional medicine has long been applied to diagnose and treat patients with various diseases. Studies have been conducted for establishment of scientific evidence supporting Sasang Constitutional (SC) diagnosis. Recent human microbiome studies have demonstrated individual variations of gut microbiota which can be dependent on lifestyle and health conditions. ...
Hamby Sherry S Department of Psychology and Life Paths Research Program, Sewanee, the University of the South, Sewanee, TN 37383, USA. - - 2013
Most interest in violence and gender has focused on certain types of victimization such as sex offenses and relational aggression. This study examined gender patterns across numerous forms of youth victimization. The data are from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV), a nationally representative U.S. sample of ...
Mlíkovský Jiří J Affiliation: unknown; Email: - - 2013
The White-winged Lark is a monotypic bird species of Middle Asian steppes (Vaurie 1959; Alström et al. 2004; see Cowan 2006, 2007 for the term 'Middle Asia'). It was called Alauda (or Melanocorypha) sibirica J.F. Gmelin (1789: 799) until Gyldenstolpe (1926: 22) observed that Tanagra siberica Sparrman (1786: pl. 19) ...
Martin Carol Lynn CL Arizona State University, Tempe, AR, USA. - - 2013
A stochastic actor-based model was used to investigate the origins of sex segregation by examining how similarity in sex of peers and time spent in gender-typed activities affected affiliation network selection and how peers influenced children's (N = 292; Mage = 4.3 years) activity involvement. Gender had powerful effects on ...
Karr Trisha M - - 2012
Through multiple group structural equation modeling analyses, path models were used to test the predictive effects of sport type and both interpersonal (i.e., mothers' body dissatisfaction, family dynamics) and intrapersonal factors (i.e., athletic self-efficacy, body mass index [BMI]) on high school female sport participants' (N=627) body dissatisfaction. Sport types were ...
Jiménez Caballero P E - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 neurofibromatosis is the most common neurocutaneous syndrome. Most published case series study the paediatric population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of cases of type 1 neurofibromatosis from neurology departments that were recorded in a database. We analysed the different clinical variables providing the diagnosis as well as ...
Butala Parag - - 2012
: The graying of our population has motivated the authors to better understand age-related impairments in wound healing. To increase research throughput, the authors hypothesized that the Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome Zmpste24-deficient (Zmpste24) mouse could serve as a model of senescent wound healing. : Using a stented excisional wound closure model, ...
Andrei Felicia F PhD stud., Department of Anatomy and Embryology, "Victor Babeş" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timişoara, - - 2012
The rhinopharynx and the parapharyngeal space (PPS) are complex anatomical territories located beneath the skull base. Thorough knowledge of the complex anatomy of the PPS is essential in treatment of pathologies such as parapharyngeal abscesses. The roof of the PPS is overlooked in anatomy. It was hypothesized that the pneumatization ...
Luciano Alexandre de Paiva Ade P Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology of the School of Medicine of Taubaté. SP. Arthroscopy and Sports Traumatology Study Group of Hospital Universitário de Taubaté SP. Service of Prof. Dr. Nelson Franco - - 2012
This is a retrospective study showing the incidence, type and extent of injuries occurring in the foot and/or ankle as a result of recreational sports practice. We treated 131 patients, of which 123 were male and 8 female, with a history of trauma and pain in the foot and/or ankle ...
Oliva Clelia F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The development of the sterile insect technique (SIT) for reducing populations of Aedes albopictus (Skuse), (the vector of Chikungunya and Dengue fever), was studied in Reunion Island. For some mosquito species the sterilization process and mating activity may alter male survival. Most previous studies were carried out in the ...
Milot Emmanuel - - 2013
Salmonids rank among the most socioeconomically valuable fishes and the most targeted species by stocking with hatchery-reared individuals. Here, we used molecular parentage analysis to assess the reproductive success of wild- and hatchery-born Atlantic salmon over three consecutive years in a small river in Québec. Yearly restocking in this river ...
Richard Antoine - - 2012
In this study, we documented the breeding system of a wild population of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) by genetically sampling every returning adult and assessed the determinants of individual fitness. We then quantified the impacts of catch and release (C&R) on mating and reproductive success. Both sexes showed high ...
Saadat Mostafa - - 2012
Summary The prevalence of consanguinity in eight provinces of Afghanistan has recently been reported by Saify & Saadat (2012). The present cross-sectional study was done in order to illustrate the prevalence and types of consanguineous marriages among other populations of Afghanistan. Data on types of marriages were collected using a ...
Fleisher Adam S AS Banner Alzheimer's Institute, Phoenix, AZ, USA. - - 2012
Fibrillar amyloid-β (Aβ) is thought to begin accumulating in the brain many years before the onset of clinical impairment in patients with Alzheimer's disease. By assessing the accumulation of Aβ in people at risk of genetic forms of Alzheimer's disease, we can identify how early preclinical changes start in individuals ...
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