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Horvath Steve - - 2013
It is not yet known whether DNA methylation levels can be used to accurately predict age across a broad spectrum of human tissues and cell types, nor whether the resulting age prediction is a biologically meaningful measure. I developed a multi-tissue predictor of age that allows one to estimate the ...
Broms Ulla - - 2013
Diurnal type (chronotype) differentiates individuals on an axis between the extremes of evening type to morning type. These diurnal-type preferences are thought to be relatively stable, but follow-up studies are sparse. The study aims were (1) to compare cross-sectional studies of diurnal type preferences between two decades and (2) to ...
Tasaki Masayoshi - - 2013
Age and sex differences are closely related to the onset of senile systemic amyloidosis (SSA) caused by wild-type (WT) transthyretin (TTR). However, the effects of these differences on the amyloid formation mechanism in familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) caused by variant TTR, have remained unclear. To elucidate age and sex differences ...
Mukai Naoko N Department of Environmental Medicine Graduate School of Medical Sciences Kyushu University Fukuoka Japan ; Department of Medicine and Clinical Science Graduate School of Medical Sciences Kyushu University Fukuoka - - 2014
We examined secular trends in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and prediabetes in community-dwelling Japanese subjects. A total of 2,490 subjects in 1988 and 2,852 subjects in 2002 aged 40-79 years underwent a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test, and their glucose tolerance status was defined by the 1998 World Health ...
Song Chorong - - 2013
In recent years, the physiological relaxation effects of natural environments have been widely exploited, and although individual differences in the effects of forest therapy are known, assessment methods have not been clearly established. This study used a classification based on Type A and Type B behavior patterns to explain individual ...
Aourir M - - 2013
Because survival in captivity is a significant determinant of birds available for release and reinforcement of wild populations, we aimed to identify sources of variation in mortality to assess potential impacts of management on chick productivity. We analyzed characteristics of Black-bellied Sandgrouse eggs collected from the wild and produced by ...
Elsaftawy Ahmed - - 2013
Abstract Some variances and anatomical proportions of the wrist may contribute to development of avascular necrosis of the lunate. Kienböck's disease is more often encountered in young males, who suffer, among others, from type II of the lunate (with two joint surfaces for the capitate and hamate) and/or negative variance ...
Lauriti Leandro L Rehabilitation Sciences Post Graduation Program, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE), - - 2013
[Purpose] To assess the association between the oclusal characteristics, headache, parafunctional habits and clicking sounds and signs/symptoms of TMD in adolescents. [Subjects] Adolescents between 14 and 18 years of age. [Methods] The participants were evaluated using the Helkimo Index and a clinical examination to track clicking sounds, parafunctional habits and other ...
Zarski Daniel - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to analyse the occurrence of macroscopically visible ovary alterations in 2 populations of northern pike Esox lucius L. originating from lakes in the Mazurian Lake District (NE Poland). The alterations were characterised by ovary tissue that was morphologically malformed, in part or in ...
Díaz-Morales Juan Francisco - - 2013
Research has shown that thinking styles could have an influence on academic achievement. Previous studies have described that evening types are usually right-thinkers who tend to be creative and intuitive, whereas morning types tend to be left-thinkers who prefer verbal and analytic strategies in processing information. However, these studies have ...
Vedder Oscar O Behavioural Ecology and Self-Organization, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. - - 2013
It has been hypothesized that parents increase their fitness by biasing the sex ratio of extra-pair offspring (EPO) towards males. Here, we report a male bias among EPO in a wild population of blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus). This resulted from a decline in both the proportion of males and EPO ...
González-Tokman D - - 2013
Senescence, a decline in survival and reproductive prospects with age, is controlled by hormones. In insects, juvenile hormone (JH) is involved in senescence with captive individuals, but its effect under natural conditions is unknown. We have addressed this gap by increasing JH levels in young and old wild males of ...
Prier Erica A - - 2013
Avian growth rate patterns represent a trade off between a tissue's functional maturity and its capacity for growth. At the time of hatch, the brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli) limb has a high level of maturity in order for the chick to be able to kick its way out of the ...
Vanos Jennifer K - - 2013
Synoptic circulation patterns (large-scale weather systems) affect ambient levels of air pollution, as well as the relationship between air pollution and human health. To investigate the air pollution-mortality relationship within weather types and seasons, and to determine which combination of atmospheric conditions may pose increased health threats in the elderly ...
Piagkou Maria - - 2013
The study determines the distribution patterns of ethmoidal foramina (EF) evaluate how they are affected by gender or bilateral asymmetry, and highlights the surgical implications on the anatomical landmarks of the orbit. Two hundred and forty-nine dry orbits were assessed. The number and pattern of EF were determined and distances ...
Hsieh Mei-Chin - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine racial/ethnic disparities in the incidence rates and trends of soft tissue sarcoma (STS) by gender, age, and histological type among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) aged 15-29 years. The 1995-2008 incidence data from 25 population-based cancer registries, covering 64% of the United ...
Nag Falguni - - 2013
Large plaque parapsoriasis (LPP) is an idiopathic, chronic scaly dermatosis classified within parapsoriasis group of diseases, occurring commonly in middle aged patients of all races and geographic regions. LPP and its variants are closely related to the patch stage of mycosis fungoides. The two types of LPP mostly described are ...
Ower Geoffrey D - - 2013
While a number of studies have measured multivariate sexual selection acting on sexual signals in wild populations, few have confirmed these findings with experimental manipulation. Sagebrush crickets are ideally suited to such investigations because mating imposes an unambiguous phenotypic marker on males arising from nuptial feeding by females. We quantified ...
Sheikhzadeh Sara - - 2013
To perform a comprehensive study of dural ectasia related to FBN1 mutations. Database analysis of two German metropolitan regions of 150 patients (68 men, 82 women; mean age 35 ± 16 years). All patients had a FBN1 mutation and underwent dural magnetic resonance imaging. Age was <16 years in 20, 16-25 in ...
Sheppard Jennifer L - - 2013
In accordance with the differential allocation hypothesis, females are expected to increase, their reproductive investment when mated to high-quality males. In waterfowl, reproductive, investment increased when captive female mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) were mated to more, attractive males, but information for wild ducks is lacking. Studies of waterfowl mating systems have, ...
Katz Helena - - 2013
The aim of this study was to analyze the morphometric characteristics of ovarian follicles and their distribution in the ovarian cortex in South American fur seal pups (Arctophoca australis). Samples were obtained from animals stranded in the Uruguayan Atlantic coast. Ovaries were dissected, fixed, weighed, and processed by standard histological ...
Suzuki Kenta - - 2013
We examined differences in the fear response between Bengalese finches and their wild ancestor, the white-backed munia, to explore the evolutionary mechanisms of behavioural changes due to domestication. The Bengalese finch (Lonchura striata var. domestica) was domesticated from the wild-living white-backed munia (Lonchura striata) approximately 250 years ago. A previous ...
Dessalces Elodie - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Retinitis punctata albescens (RPA) is an autosomal recessive form of retinitis pigmentosa characterized by white dotlike deposits in the fundus, in most cases caused by mutations in RLBP1. OBJECTIVE To study disease progression and visual function in RPA. DESIGN We performed clinical and molecular investigations in patients with RPA ...
Xu Qian - - 2013
The polymorphisms in trefoil factor (TFF) gene family that protects gastrointestinal epithelium might influence individual vulnerability to gastric cancer (GC) and atrophic gastritis. We used the Sequenom MassARRAY platform to identify the genotypes of TFF2 rs3814896 and TFF3 rs9981660 polymorphisms in 478 GC patients, 652 atrophic gastritis patients, and 724 ...
Young Patricia M PM Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Asymmetries in dynamic balance stability have been previously observed. The goal of this study was to determine whether leg preference influenced the stepping response to a waist-pull perturbation in older adult fallers and non-fallers. 39 healthy, community-dwelling, older adult (>65 years) volunteers participated. Participants were grouped into non-faller and faller ...
Ahn Kyu-Sung - - 2013
This study describes the first record of Bourgelatia diducta (Nematoda: Chabertiidae) from wild boars in the Republic of Korea (=South Korea). Gastrointestinal tracts of 87 Korean wild boars (Sus scrofa coreanus) hunted in mountains in the south-western part of South Korea between 2009 and 2012 were examined for their visceral ...
Caprioli Manuela M Department of Biosciences, University of Milan, Milano, - - 2013
Telomere length and dynamics are increasingly scrutinized as ultimate determinants of performance, including age-dependent mortality and fecundity. Few studies have investigated longevity in relation to telomere length (TL) in the wild and none has analysed longevity in relation to TL soon after hatching, despite the fact that telomere shortening may ...
Horiguchi Toshihiro - - 2013
We histologically examined normal differentiation and development of genital tract and gonad in the ivory shell Babylonia japonica (Buccinidae) to determine whether the formation of male-type genitalia in imposex-exhibiting females mimics the normal development of male genitalia in prosobranch gastropods. We used a wild-caught 2-year-old specimen and laboratory-reared juveniles aged ...
Rowland Kathryn J KJ Department of Surgery, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2013
Childhood pheochromocytoma in the setting of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) remains rare and has not been reported under the age of 12. We present an 8-year-old female with known MEN 2A, C634Y RET mutation, diagnosed with a 6 cm pheochromocytoma requiring laparoscopic adrenalectomy. Given this patient's age at diagnosis, ...
Weldon C W - - 2013
In pest management programmes that incorporate the sterile insect technique (SIT), the ability of mass-reared insects to tolerate dry conditions may influence their survival after release in the field. In the present study, desiccation resistance of adult mass-reared Queensland fruit flies, Bactrocera tryoni (Frogatt) (Diptera: Tephritidae), that are routinely released ...
Kasmer Mark E - - 2013
Recent "in-race" studies have observed the foot strike patterns of runners in traditional road marathon races. However, similar studies have not been conducted for trail runners, which have been estimated to account for 11% of all runners. The purpose of this study was to: 1) determine the rear-foot strike (RFS) ...
Panigrahi Manas Kumar - - 2013
Data on normal stool form and frequency, which are important for defining constipation, are scanty; hence, we studied these in an eastern Indian population. One thousand and two hundred apparently healthy asymptomatic subjects were evaluated for predominant stool form (Bristol chart with descriptor) and frequency. Data on demographic and life-style ...
Koch Sheryl E - - 2013
Detailed studies in animal models to assess the importance of aging animals in cardiovascular research are rather scarce. The increase in mouse models used to study cardiovascular disease makes the establishment of physiologic aging parameters in myocardial function in both male and female mice critical. Forty-four FVB/N mice were studied ...
Jameson Simon S - - 2013
PURPOSE: Early knee replacement following arthroscopy may be perceived as a failure of the original treatment and thus a poor use of resources. Factors that may be associated with increased risk of early replacement were explored in this study. METHODS: All adult patients who underwent planned knee arthroscopy in a ...
Ono Ryusuke - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a photosensitive genodermatosis with increased susceptibility to skin cancers. Patients are typically diagnosed with XP when they consult a dermatologist for skin cancers. CASE/METHODS: The genetic analysis and 2-8 years of follow-up for three school-age patients with XP-V is described. The patients were referred to ...
He Yongfeng - - 2013
Gobiocypris rarus Ye et Fu ( 1983 ) is an endemic cyprinid fish in China, and is considered to be an endangered species. From a conservation perspective, its population structure is interesting. In the present study, morphological variation, including morphometric and meristic traits, was assessed among wild samples collected in ...
Moafian Ghasem - - 2013
Objective: Road traffic accident (RTA) and its related injuries contribute to a significant portion of the burden of diseases in Iran. This paper explores the association between driver-related factors and RTA in the country. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Iran and all data regarding RTAs from March 20, ...
Juan-Blasco María - - 2013
Vienna-8 sterile males are currently released in Spain to reduce wild populations of the medfly. Because pesticides are required to maintain populations of some citrus key pests below economic thresholds, there is a need to evaluate the effects of pesticides commonly used in citrus on Vienna-8 males. Males were exposed ...
Wang Ye Elaine YE University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, - - 2013
To qualitatively classify and compare types of iris insertion among American Caucasians, American Chinese, and mainland Chinese. Prospective multicenter cross-sectional study. Sex- and age-matched Caucasian, American Chinese, and mainland Chinese cohorts were enrolled. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) images of the anterior chamber were acquired. Qualitative classification of iris insertion into basal, ...
Albino Paolo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Better knowledge of the suprascapular notch anatomy may help to prevent and to assess more accurately suprascapular nerve entrapment syndrome. Our purposes were to verify the reliability of the existing data, to assess the differences between the two genders, to verify the correlation between the dimensions of the scapula ...
Przybylski Piotr P First Department of Radiology with Telemedicine Unit, Medical University of Lublin, Jaczewskiego 8, 20-954, Lublin, Poland. - - 2013
The coccyx is a highly variable structure in the human caudal spine. Previous studies have revealed a significant correlation between coccyx shape and the pain syndrome coccygodynia. The aim of this study was to carry out a complex morphological evaluation of the coccyx in a group of asymptomatic patients of ...
Holden S H - - 2013
AIMS: To characterize the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the UK over the previous 20 years; and determine if there has been an increase in people aged 40 years or less at diagnosis. METHODS: For this retrospective cohort study, patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes between 1991 and 2010 were ...
Lennie Susan C - - 2013
Abstract Waist girth is recognised as a better predictor of obesity, particularly abdominal obesity, compared to other measures. Although several protocols for waist girth exist, arm position is either ignored, or not specified in unambiguous terms. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if arm position influenced anthropometric ...
Ichijo Hiroaki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We sometimes experience patients with persistent torsional/vertical (upbeating) positional nystagmus in the head-hanging position. We have been convinced of the existence of cupulolithiasis of the posterior semicircular canal because such cases reveal persistent torsional/vertical (downbeating) positional nystagmus in the nose-down position. PURPOSE: In order to confirm the validity of ...
Kalichman L - - 2013
In a sample of Chuvashians (803 males and 738 females) we evaluated the mean values of index finger to ring finger (2D:4D) ratio, the contributions of phalanges and metacarpals to the 2D:4D ratio, and the symmetry between right and left 2D:4D ratios. Age, sex, anthropometric data and radiographs of both ...
Yang Yunqiang - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the relevance of sex, age, and cleft type to velopharyngeal function after primary Sommerlad palatoplasty so as to improve velopharyngeal function after the procedure. Records of 503 patients with nonsyndromic cleft palate after primary Sommerlad palatoplasty were included in the retrospective study. ...
Harrison Christopher - - 2013
International studies suggest that premature ejaculation (PE) is the most common type of male sexual dysfunction, affecting 14-30% of males aged 18 years and over. The personal nature of PE, and the hesitancy of both patients and clinicians to raise the subject, means that only a small proportion of those ...
Chiu Shuenn-Nan - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To delineate the long-term outcomes and mechanisms of pediatric sinus bradycardia. STUDY DESIGN: Participants with sinus bradycardia who were identified from a survey of 432 166 elementary and high school students, were enrolled 10 years after the survey. The clinical course, heart rate variability, and hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated potassium channel ...
Hobaiter Catherine - - 2013
We examined hand preference in the intentional gestural communication of wild chimpanzees in the Budongo forest, Uganda. Individuals showed some tendency to be lateralized, although less than has been reported for begging and pointing gestures in captivity; on average, their absolute bias was around 0.25 (where 1.0 represents complete right- ...
Fürtbauer Ines - - 2013
An extensive body of research exists on androgen secretion in males. Although androgens are also known to drive patterns of female reproductive physiology and behavior, little attention has been paid to these "male" hormones in females. Here, we examined female fecal androgen excretion in strictly seasonally breeding wild Assamese macaques ...
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