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Poland Therese M - - 2014
Results of numerous trials to evaluate artificial trap designs and lures for detection of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, the emerald ash borer, have yielded inconsistent results, possibly because of different A. planipennis population densities in the field sites. In 2010 and 2011, we compared 1) green canopy traps, 2) purple canopy ...
Vollset Knut Wiik KW LFI, Uni Environment, Uni Research, , Thormøhlensgt. 49 B, Bergen 5006, - - 2014
The global increase in the production of domestic farmed fish in open net pens has created concerns about the resilience of wild populations owing to shifts in host-parasite systems in coastal ecosystems. However, little is known about the effects of increased parasite abundance on life-history traits in wild fish populations. ...
Sikulu Maggy T MT Mosquito Control Laboratory, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Environmental Futures Centre, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Environmental Health and Ecological Sciences Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, United Republic of - - 2014
We report on the accuracy of using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to predict the age of Anopheles mosquitoes reared from wild larvae and a mixed age-wild adult population collected from pit traps after exposure to pyrethroids. The mosquitoes reared from wild larvae were estimated as <7 or ≥7 d old with ...
Girard-Buttoz Cédric C Jr. Research Group Primate Sexual Selection, Reproductive Biology Unit, German Primate Centre, Kellnerweg 4, 37077 Göttingen, Germany ; Courant Research Centre Evolution of Social Behaviour, Georg-August University, Göttingen, Kellnerweg 6, - - 2014
Mate-guarding is an important determinant of male reproductive success in a number of species. Little is known however about the constraints of this behaviour, e.g. the associated energetic costs. We investigated these costs in long-tailed macaques where alpha males mate guard females to a lesser extent than predicted by the ...
Lehto Hürlimann Mikko M Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, - - 2014
Iteroparous organisms maximize their overall fitness by optimizing their reproductive effort over multiple reproductive events. Hence, changes in reproductive effort are expected to have both short- and long-term consequences on parents and their offspring. In laboratory rodents, manipulation of reproductive efforts during lactation has however revealed few short-term reproductive adjustments, ...
Akinboboye Bo B Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi Araba, Lagos, - - 2014
Tooth replacement service is generally available in our environment. However, its utilization by the elderly has not been extensively studied. To determine the utilization of tooth replacement services among the elderly. This was a retrospective study of 440 patients aged 60 years and above attending the prosthetic out-patient clinics of ...
Rösch Sarah S 0000-0003-0420-963X Department of Ophthalmology, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstraße 30, 52074 Aachen, Germany ; Department of Anatomy, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, 30173 Hannover, - - 2014
Background. To evaluate the correlation between ERG, OCT, and microscopic findings in the rd10 mouse. Methods. C57BL/6J wild type mice and rd10 mice were compared at the age of 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 24, and 48 weeks (each age group n = 3) using full-field electroretinography (ERG), spectral ...
Saragusty Joseph J Department of Reproduction Management, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Berlin, - - 2014
Lion (Panthera leo) populations have dramatically decreased worldwide with a surviving population estimated at 32,000 across the African savannah. Lions have been kept in captivity for centuries and, although they reproduce well, high rates of stillbirths as well as morbidity and mortality of neonate and young lions are reported. Many ...
Price Michael H H MH SkeenaWild Conservation Trust, Terrace, British Columbia, - - 2014
The enhancement of salmon populations has long been used to increase the abundance of salmon returning to spawn and/or to be captured in fisheries. However, in some instances enhancement can have adverse impacts on adjacent non-enhanced populations. In Canada's Skeena watershed, smolt-to-adult survival of Babine Lake sockeye from 1962-2002 was ...
Keskindemirci Gonca G 0000-0003-1797-2802 İstanbul Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Educational and Research Hospital, 34303 İstanbul, - - 2014
Familial Mediterranean Fever is an autosomal recessive disease. Major symptoms of disease are recurrent fever accompanied by serositis attacks. The disease is usually diagnosed before 20 years of age. Symptoms related to FMF are noted when children become more verbal, usually after 2 years of age. In this case report, ...
Dorland Alexandra A Geomatics and Landscape Ecology Research Laboratory, Department of Biology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Road mortality is thought to be a leading cause of turtle population decline. However, empirical evidence of the direct negative effects of road mortality on turtle population abundance is lacking. The purpose of this study was to provide a strong test of the prediction that roads reduce turtle population abundance. ...
Richardson Barry J BJ CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, GPO Box 1700, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia.; Email: - - 2014
The genus Pseudomaevia Rainbow, 1920 presently includes three forms, P. cognata Rainbow, 1920, P. insulana Berland, 1942 and P. i. aorai Berland, 1942, all found in the western Pacific region (Platnick 2014). The type species, P. cognata, was only briefly described with some poor illustrations of the male, but no ...
Marshall Stephen A SA School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1.; Email: - - 2014
We here reconsider the status of subgenus Hemichaeta Steyskal, concluding that there is no justification to keep it in the genus Poecilotylus Hennig. Hemichaeta is thus removed from Poecilotylus and elevated to generic status with Hemichaeta scutellata (Cresson) as the type and only included species. Hemichaeta scutellata is fully redescribed, ...
Andersen Julie M JM Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, - - 2014
Many pinniped species perform a specific dive type, referred to as a 'drift dive', where they drift passively through the water column. This dive type has been suggested to function as a resting/sleeping or food processing dive, and can be used as an indication of feeding success by calculating the ...
Meng Ze-Hong ZH Institute of Entomology, Guizhou University; Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory for Agricultural Pest Management of the Mountainous Region, ; Guiyang Guizhou, 550025, P. R. - - 2014
Newly collected male and female specimens of the leafhopper Kolla albescens Jacobi, 1943 from the type-locality (Northeast China), are identified as Pagaronia albescens (Jacobi), comb. n. (Evacanthinae: Pagaroniini). A redescription of the species is provided together with habitus photographs of the male and female and illustrations of the male and ...
Borchert Sophie S Institute for Medical Microbiology and Virology, University Medical Center Eppendorf, Hamburg, - - 2014
Interference with tumor suppressor pathways by polyomavirus-encoded tumor antigens (T-Ags) can result in transformation. Consequently, it is thought that T-Ags encoded by Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV), a virus integrated in ∼90% of all Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) cases, are major contributors to tumorigenesis. The MCPyV large T-Ag (LT-Ag) has preserved ...
Khanum F F Department of Haematology, Cardiff University, School of Medicine, Cardiff, - - 2013
Haemophilia A is associated with recurrent joint bleeding which leads to synovitis and debilitating arthropathy. Coagulation factor VIII level is an important determinant of bleed number and development of arthropathy . The aim of this study was to compare the haemophilia joint health score (HJHS) and Gilbert score with severity, ...
Heeren Tjebo F C TF Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bonn, Bonn, - - 2013
To investigate the first symptoms and their age of onset in a large cohort of patients with macular telangiectasia type 2. Patients with the characteristic findings of macular telangiectasia type 2 were interviewed. Data collection also included a chart review to determine the delay of the correct diagnosis and visual ...
Williams Siôn L SL Department of Neurology, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, United States of - - 2013
The accumulation of heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions and single nucleotide variants (SNVs) is a well-accepted facet of the biology of aging, yet comprehensive mutation spectra have not been described. To address this, we have used next generation sequencing of mtDNA-enriched libraries (Mito-Seq) to investigate mtDNA mutation spectra of putamen ...
Madakacherry Odessa - - 2013
To control the container-breeding mosquito and major vector of dengue and chikungunya Aedes albopictus, the sterile insect technique (SIT) is proposed as a component of integrated vector management programs in endemic areas. For the technique to be successful released males, sterilized with 35Gy of ionizing radiation during the pupal stage, ...
Paucar Martin - - 2013
A minority of inherited prion diseases (IPD) are caused by four to 12 extra octapeptide repeat insertions (OPRI) in the prion protein gene (PRNP). Only four families affected by IPD with 8-OPRI have been reported, one of them was a three-generation Swedish kindred in which four of seven affected subjects ...
Muralidhar P - - 2013
Resource availability influences sexual selection within populations and determines whether behaviors such as territoriality or resource sharing are adaptive. In Thoropa taophora, a frog endemic to the Atlantic Coastal Rainforest of Brazil, males compete for and defend limited breeding sites while females often share breeding sites with other females; however, ...
Hintsa Taina - - 2013
Over the recent decades, the incidence of cardiovascular and heart diseases has decreased while levels of type-A behavior, i.e., a potential risk factor, appear to have increased. However, the long-term developmental patterns of type-A behavior is poorly understood. Both age- and cohort-related changes may be involved in these developments. The ...
Friesen Christopher R - - 2014
Sexual conflict over mating can result in sex-specific morphologies and behaviours that allow each sex to exert control over the outcome of reproduction. Genital traits, in particular, are often directly involved in conflict interactions. Via genital manipulation, we experimentally investigated whether genital traits in red-sided garter snakes influence copulation duration ...
Nabbout Rima - - 2013
Dravet syndrome (DS) is currently considered as an epileptic encephalopathy, a condition in which epilepsy causes deterioration or developmental delay but preliminary data suggested that cognitive course may worsen independently from epilepsy. Our objective was to prospectively analyze the neuropsychological features in a large cohort of DS patients and its ...
Tucker Zhou Tracey B - - 2013
Klotho (KL) is an age regulating protein named after the Greek goddess who spins the thread of life. Mice deficient in KL are normal throughout development, but rapidly degenerate and display a variety of aging-associated abnormalities that eventually lead to decreased life expectancy. While multiple genetic association studies have identified ...
Joshi Yash B - - 2013
The 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) is an enzyme widely distributed in the central nervous system, and it has been involved in the neurobiology of Alzheimer's disease. However, whether this pathway is also involved in neuropsychiatry disorders including anxiety remain to be investigated. In this study we investigated whether genetic over-expression of 12/15-LO ...
Steiger Sandra - - 2013
Cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) play an essential role in mate recognition in insects but the form and intensity of sexual selection on CHCs has only been evaluated in a handful of studies, and never in a natural population. We quantified sexual selection operating on CHCs in a wild population of sagebrush ...
Molina D Kimberley - - 2013
Many studies have examined the characteristics of gunshot wounds by manner of death; however, no published study has directly compared these characteristics for the different types of firearms. This study was designed to address that deficiency. Existing data sets of nonaccidental deaths by handguns, shotguns, and rifles were reviewed. The ...
Lenassi Eva - - 2013
To evaluate the phenotypic variability and natural history of ocular disease in a cohort of 28 individuals with MYO7A-related disease. Mutations in the MYO7A gene are the most common cause of Usher syndrome type 1, characterized by profound congenital deafness, vestibular arreflexia, and progressive retinal degeneration. Retrospective case series. Twenty-eight ...
Che Alison - - 2013
When couples hold hands, one partner must take the lead hand and the other the following hand position. As potential correlates or predictors of handholding positions within lesbian couples, this article explored differences in height, age, income, who initiated the relationship, who usually initiates sexual intimacy, previous history of partnership ...
Păun Dl - - 2013
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN 2A) is a complexautosomal dominant inherited syndrome characterized bymedullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), pheochromocytoma andprimary parathyroid hyperplasia. In patients with only one ortwo clinical features, identification of a germline RET(REarranged in Transfection) mutation or the identification ofthe clinical features of MEN 2A in other first ...
Czaprowski Dariusz - - 2013
The ability to adopt the properly corrected body posture is one of the factors determining the effectiveness of therapeutic programmes. This study determined the active self-correction expressed by the change of sagittal spinal curvatures (in standing and sitting positions) in 249 children (136 females, 113 males, aged 10-14 years) instructed ...
Boeskorov G G - - 2013
The frozen bodies of a young woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius (Blumenbach, 1799)), wild horse (Equus sp.) and steppe bison (Bison priscus Bojanus, 1827) were recently found in the northern Yakutia (northeastern Siberia). All specimens have preserved bones, skin and soft tissues. While the woolly mammoth and Pleistocene horse were represented ...
Horvath Steve - - 2013
It is not yet known whether DNA methylation levels can be used to accurately predict age across a broad spectrum of human tissues and cell types, nor whether the resulting age prediction is a biologically meaningful measure. I developed a multi-tissue predictor of age that allows one to estimate the ...
Broms Ulla - - 2013
Diurnal type (chronotype) differentiates individuals on an axis between the extremes of evening type to morning type. These diurnal-type preferences are thought to be relatively stable, but follow-up studies are sparse. The study aims were (1) to compare cross-sectional studies of diurnal type preferences between two decades and (2) to ...
Tasaki Masayoshi - - 2013
Age and sex differences are closely related to the onset of senile systemic amyloidosis (SSA) caused by wild-type (WT) transthyretin (TTR). However, the effects of these differences on the amyloid formation mechanism in familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) caused by variant TTR, have remained unclear. To elucidate age and sex differences ...
Mukai Naoko N Department of Environmental Medicine Graduate School of Medical Sciences Kyushu University Fukuoka Japan ; Department of Medicine and Clinical Science Graduate School of Medical Sciences Kyushu University Fukuoka - - 2014
We examined secular trends in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and prediabetes in community-dwelling Japanese subjects. A total of 2,490 subjects in 1988 and 2,852 subjects in 2002 aged 40-79 years underwent a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test, and their glucose tolerance status was defined by the 1998 World Health ...
Song Chorong - - 2013
In recent years, the physiological relaxation effects of natural environments have been widely exploited, and although individual differences in the effects of forest therapy are known, assessment methods have not been clearly established. This study used a classification based on Type A and Type B behavior patterns to explain individual ...
Aourir M - - 2013
Because survival in captivity is a significant determinant of birds available for release and reinforcement of wild populations, we aimed to identify sources of variation in mortality to assess potential impacts of management on chick productivity. We analyzed characteristics of Black-bellied Sandgrouse eggs collected from the wild and produced by ...
Elsaftawy Ahmed - - 2013
Abstract Some variances and anatomical proportions of the wrist may contribute to development of avascular necrosis of the lunate. Kienböck's disease is more often encountered in young males, who suffer, among others, from type II of the lunate (with two joint surfaces for the capitate and hamate) and/or negative variance ...
Lauriti Leandro L Rehabilitation Sciences Post Graduation Program, Nove de Julho University (UNINOVE), - - 2013
[Purpose] To assess the association between the oclusal characteristics, headache, parafunctional habits and clicking sounds and signs/symptoms of TMD in adolescents. [Subjects] Adolescents between 14 and 18 years of age. [Methods] The participants were evaluated using the Helkimo Index and a clinical examination to track clicking sounds, parafunctional habits and other ...
Zarski Daniel - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to analyse the occurrence of macroscopically visible ovary alterations in 2 populations of northern pike Esox lucius L. originating from lakes in the Mazurian Lake District (NE Poland). The alterations were characterised by ovary tissue that was morphologically malformed, in part or in ...
Díaz-Morales Juan Francisco - - 2013
Research has shown that thinking styles could have an influence on academic achievement. Previous studies have described that evening types are usually right-thinkers who tend to be creative and intuitive, whereas morning types tend to be left-thinkers who prefer verbal and analytic strategies in processing information. However, these studies have ...
Vedder Oscar O Behavioural Ecology and Self-Organization, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. - - 2013
It has been hypothesized that parents increase their fitness by biasing the sex ratio of extra-pair offspring (EPO) towards males. Here, we report a male bias among EPO in a wild population of blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus). This resulted from a decline in both the proportion of males and EPO ...
González-Tokman D - - 2013
Senescence, a decline in survival and reproductive prospects with age, is controlled by hormones. In insects, juvenile hormone (JH) is involved in senescence with captive individuals, but its effect under natural conditions is unknown. We have addressed this gap by increasing JH levels in young and old wild males of ...
Prier Erica A - - 2013
Avian growth rate patterns represent a trade off between a tissue's functional maturity and its capacity for growth. At the time of hatch, the brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli) limb has a high level of maturity in order for the chick to be able to kick its way out of the ...
Vanos Jennifer K - - 2013
Synoptic circulation patterns (large-scale weather systems) affect ambient levels of air pollution, as well as the relationship between air pollution and human health. To investigate the air pollution-mortality relationship within weather types and seasons, and to determine which combination of atmospheric conditions may pose increased health threats in the elderly ...
Piagkou Maria - - 2013
The study determines the distribution patterns of ethmoidal foramina (EF) evaluate how they are affected by gender or bilateral asymmetry, and highlights the surgical implications on the anatomical landmarks of the orbit. Two hundred and forty-nine dry orbits were assessed. The number and pattern of EF were determined and distances ...
Hsieh Mei-Chin - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine racial/ethnic disparities in the incidence rates and trends of soft tissue sarcoma (STS) by gender, age, and histological type among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) aged 15-29 years. The 1995-2008 incidence data from 25 population-based cancer registries, covering 64% of the United ...
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