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Hall Susan A SA Department of Epidemiology, New England Research Institutes, Watertown, MA, - - 2014
Prescription testosterone (T) has limited approved medical indications and is a controlled substance in Canada. Utilization studies in other Westernized countries have revealed sharp increases in T use in recent years. We examined medical use of androgens, including T, over a ≥30-year period among adult (18+) men in a population-based ...
Islam S T ST Institute of Endocrinology and Diabetes, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead; Discipline of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Sydney, - - 2014
To examine temporal trends in anthropometry in children with Type 1 diabetes from Sydney, Australia. We conducted a retrospective study in a total of 1975 children with Type 1 diabetes, aged <16 years, between 1990 and 2009. Trends in height, weight and BMI standard deviation score after initial stabilization were ...
Williams Ryan P RP Private practice, Weatherford, Okla. Electronic address: - - 2014
The correction of a deviated midline can involve complicated mechanics and a protracted treatment. The threshold below which midline deviations are considered acceptable might depend on multiple factors. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of facial type on laypersons' perceptions of various degrees of midline deviation. ...
Guo K J KJ Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221002, - - 2014
Corticosteroid use has been implicated in the development of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). The exact mechanism and predisposing factors such as age, gender, dosage, type and combination of steroid treatment remain controversial. Between March and July 2003, a total of 539 patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) ...
Araújo Fábio F Institute of Public Health - University of Porto (ISPUP), Porto, Portugal; Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Predictive Medicine and Public Health, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Context: Sagittal standing posture is associated with musculoskeletal symptoms and quality of life. However, the frequency and determinants of suboptimal sagittal alignment outside the clinical context remain to be clarified. To estimate the association of sociodemographic, anthropometric and behavioral characteristics with sagittal standing posture among adults from the general population. ...
Nakagawa Mikiko M Department of Cardiology and Clinical Examination, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, 1-1 Idaigaoka, Yufu City, Oita 879-5593, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent studies showed that J-waves are associated with vulnerability to ventricular fibrillation. Recently we reported the association between false tendons (FTs) and J-waves in a retrospective study. We prospectively studied 50 young healthy men (mean age 24.6±2.7years). FTs were detected echocardiographically and classified based on their points of attachment as ...
Dinella Lisa M LM Department of Psychology, Monmouth University, 400 Cedar Ave. West, Long Branch, NJ, 07764, USA, - - 2014
Gender segregation of careers is still prominent in the U.S. workforce. The current study was designed to investigate the role of sex-typed personality traits and gender identity in predicting emerging adults' interests in sex-typed careers. Participants included 586 university students (185 males, 401 females). Participants reported their sex-typed personality traits ...
Duan Li L School of Materials Science and Engineering, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710064, China. - - 2014
Ag-N dual-doped ZnO films have been fabricated by a chemical bath deposition method. The p-type conductivity of the dual-doped ZnO:(Ag, N) is stable over a long period of time, and the hole concentration in the ZnO:(Ag, N) is much higher than that in mono-doped ZnO:Ag or ZnO:N. We found that ...
Aikawa Takeshi T Aikawa Veterinary Medical Center, Shinjyuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan; Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University, Kyounan-cho, Musashino-shi, Tokyo, - - 2014
To compare data for French Bulldogs and Dachshunds that had hemilaminectomy for thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion (T-L IVDE) by 1 surgeon and to evaluate the association between IVDE and congenital vertebral anomalies. Retrospective case series. French Bulldogs (n = 47) and 671 Dachshunds. Age, gender, vertebral anomaly, kyphosis/kyphoscoliosis, IVDE site, non-recovery and ...
Khalil Mohammad O MO Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA; University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, - - 2014
The aetiology of marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) is purported to differ by anatomic site. While this is supported by clinical series of single MZL sites, no population-based study has comprehensively assessed incidence patterns across sites. To gain insight into disease aetiology, we assessed MZL incidence by site using data from ...
Cotton A J AJ 1] Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, London, UK [2] CoMPLEX, University College London, London, - - 2014
This study provides the first direct evidence from wild populations of stalk-eyed flies to support the hypothesis that male eyespan is a signal of meiotic drive. Several stalk-eyed fly species are known to exhibit X-linked meiotic drive. A recent quantitative trait locus analysis in Teleopsis dalmanni found a potential link ...
Poland Therese M - - 2014
Results of numerous trials to evaluate artificial trap designs and lures for detection of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, the emerald ash borer, have yielded inconsistent results, possibly because of different A. planipennis population densities in the field sites. In 2010 and 2011, we compared 1) green canopy traps, 2) purple canopy ...
Vollset Knut Wiik KW LFI, Uni Environment, Uni Research, , Thormøhlensgt. 49 B, Bergen 5006, - - 2014
The global increase in the production of domestic farmed fish in open net pens has created concerns about the resilience of wild populations owing to shifts in host-parasite systems in coastal ecosystems. However, little is known about the effects of increased parasite abundance on life-history traits in wild fish populations. ...
Sikulu Maggy T MT Mosquito Control Laboratory, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Environmental Futures Centre, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Environmental Health and Ecological Sciences Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, United Republic of - - 2014
We report on the accuracy of using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to predict the age of Anopheles mosquitoes reared from wild larvae and a mixed age-wild adult population collected from pit traps after exposure to pyrethroids. The mosquitoes reared from wild larvae were estimated as <7 or ≥7 d old with ...
Girard-Buttoz Cédric C Jr. Research Group Primate Sexual Selection, Reproductive Biology Unit, German Primate Centre, Kellnerweg 4, 37077 Göttingen, Germany ; Courant Research Centre Evolution of Social Behaviour, Georg-August University, Göttingen, Kellnerweg 6, - - 2014
Mate-guarding is an important determinant of male reproductive success in a number of species. Little is known however about the constraints of this behaviour, e.g. the associated energetic costs. We investigated these costs in long-tailed macaques where alpha males mate guard females to a lesser extent than predicted by the ...
Lehto Hürlimann Mikko M Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, - - 2014
Iteroparous organisms maximize their overall fitness by optimizing their reproductive effort over multiple reproductive events. Hence, changes in reproductive effort are expected to have both short- and long-term consequences on parents and their offspring. In laboratory rodents, manipulation of reproductive efforts during lactation has however revealed few short-term reproductive adjustments, ...
Akinboboye Bo B Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi Araba, Lagos, - - 2014
Tooth replacement service is generally available in our environment. However, its utilization by the elderly has not been extensively studied. To determine the utilization of tooth replacement services among the elderly. This was a retrospective study of 440 patients aged 60 years and above attending the prosthetic out-patient clinics of ...
Rösch Sarah S 0000-0003-0420-963X Department of Ophthalmology, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstraße 30, 52074 Aachen, Germany ; Department of Anatomy, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, 30173 Hannover, - - 2014
Background. To evaluate the correlation between ERG, OCT, and microscopic findings in the rd10 mouse. Methods. C57BL/6J wild type mice and rd10 mice were compared at the age of 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 24, and 48 weeks (each age group n = 3) using full-field electroretinography (ERG), spectral ...
Saragusty Joseph J Department of Reproduction Management, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Berlin, - - 2014
Lion (Panthera leo) populations have dramatically decreased worldwide with a surviving population estimated at 32,000 across the African savannah. Lions have been kept in captivity for centuries and, although they reproduce well, high rates of stillbirths as well as morbidity and mortality of neonate and young lions are reported. Many ...
Price Michael H H MH SkeenaWild Conservation Trust, Terrace, British Columbia, - - 2014
The enhancement of salmon populations has long been used to increase the abundance of salmon returning to spawn and/or to be captured in fisheries. However, in some instances enhancement can have adverse impacts on adjacent non-enhanced populations. In Canada's Skeena watershed, smolt-to-adult survival of Babine Lake sockeye from 1962-2002 was ...
Keskindemirci Gonca G 0000-0003-1797-2802 İstanbul Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Educational and Research Hospital, 34303 İstanbul, - - 2014
Familial Mediterranean Fever is an autosomal recessive disease. Major symptoms of disease are recurrent fever accompanied by serositis attacks. The disease is usually diagnosed before 20 years of age. Symptoms related to FMF are noted when children become more verbal, usually after 2 years of age. In this case report, ...
Dorland Alexandra A Geomatics and Landscape Ecology Research Laboratory, Department of Biology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Road mortality is thought to be a leading cause of turtle population decline. However, empirical evidence of the direct negative effects of road mortality on turtle population abundance is lacking. The purpose of this study was to provide a strong test of the prediction that roads reduce turtle population abundance. ...
Richardson Barry J BJ CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, GPO Box 1700, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia.; Email: - - 2014
The genus Pseudomaevia Rainbow, 1920 presently includes three forms, P. cognata Rainbow, 1920, P. insulana Berland, 1942 and P. i. aorai Berland, 1942, all found in the western Pacific region (Platnick 2014). The type species, P. cognata, was only briefly described with some poor illustrations of the male, but no ...
Marshall Stephen A SA School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1.; Email: - - 2014
We here reconsider the status of subgenus Hemichaeta Steyskal, concluding that there is no justification to keep it in the genus Poecilotylus Hennig. Hemichaeta is thus removed from Poecilotylus and elevated to generic status with Hemichaeta scutellata (Cresson) as the type and only included species. Hemichaeta scutellata is fully redescribed, ...
Andersen Julie M JM Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, - - 2014
Many pinniped species perform a specific dive type, referred to as a 'drift dive', where they drift passively through the water column. This dive type has been suggested to function as a resting/sleeping or food processing dive, and can be used as an indication of feeding success by calculating the ...
Meng Ze-Hong ZH Institute of Entomology, Guizhou University; Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory for Agricultural Pest Management of the Mountainous Region, ; Guiyang Guizhou, 550025, P. R. - - 2014
Newly collected male and female specimens of the leafhopper Kolla albescens Jacobi, 1943 from the type-locality (Northeast China), are identified as Pagaronia albescens (Jacobi), comb. n. (Evacanthinae: Pagaroniini). A redescription of the species is provided together with habitus photographs of the male and female and illustrations of the male and ...
Jiménez Sofía S Depto. de Fitossanidade, FCAV-UNESP, 144884-900 Jaboticabal - SP, Brazil; Email: - - 2014
Neoparaphytoseius charapa n. sp. is described, based on the morphology of adult females and males collected on Inga edulis (Mart.) (Fabaceae) in northeastern Peru. Neoparaphytoseius Chant & McMurtry is redefined on the basis of the new species and re-examination of its type species N. sooretamus Chant & McMurtry. 
Stehmann Matthias F W MF ICHTHYS, Ichthyological Research Laboratory and Consultant, Hildesheimer Weg 13, D-22459 Hamburg, GERMANY.; Email: - - 2014
The first mature male of Bathyraja schroederi (Krefft, 1968) is reported based on a single specimen caught by longline in nearly 2000 m depth at 53°S, 57°W in the Western South Atlantic. This is only the third record after the original description of this very rare deepwater skate that is ...
Pedro Fabio Luis Miranda FL Professor of Master Program of Integrated Dentistry, University of Cuiabá, Cuiabá-MT, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of impacted teeth in a subpopulation of Brazilian patients based on the retrospective analysis of panoramic radiographs obtained at an oral radiology clinic. Out of 1,977 panoramic radiographs, 1,352 fulfilled inclusion criteria, and 22,984 teeth were assessed. Data were statistically ...
Neul Jeffrey L JL Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA ; Duncan Neurological Research Institute, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2014
Early development appears normal in Rett syndrome (OMIM #312750) and may be more apparent than real. A major purpose of the Rett Syndrome (RTT) Natural History Study (NHS) was to examine achievement of developmental skills or abilities in classic and atypical RTT and assess phenotype-genotype relations in classic RTT. Developmental ...
Sontag Jean-Marie JM School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle and Hunter Medical Research Institute Callaghan, NSW, - - 2014
Common functional polymorphisms in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene, a key enzyme in folate and homocysteine metabolism, influence risk for a variety of complex disorders, including developmental, vascular, and neurological diseases. MTHFR deficiency is associated with elevation of homocysteine levels and alterations in the methylation cycle. Here, using young and ...
Borchert Sophie S Institute for Medical Microbiology and Virology, University Medical Center Eppendorf, Hamburg, - - 2014
Interference with tumor suppressor pathways by polyomavirus-encoded tumor antigens (T-Ags) can result in transformation. Consequently, it is thought that T-Ags encoded by Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV), a virus integrated in ∼90% of all Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) cases, are major contributors to tumorigenesis. The MCPyV large T-Ag (LT-Ag) has preserved ...
Khanum F F Department of Haematology, Cardiff University, School of Medicine, Cardiff, - - 2013
Haemophilia A is associated with recurrent joint bleeding which leads to synovitis and debilitating arthropathy. Coagulation factor VIII level is an important determinant of bleed number and development of arthropathy . The aim of this study was to compare the haemophilia joint health score (HJHS) and Gilbert score with severity, ...
Heeren Tjebo F C TF Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bonn, Bonn, - - 2013
To investigate the first symptoms and their age of onset in a large cohort of patients with macular telangiectasia type 2. Patients with the characteristic findings of macular telangiectasia type 2 were interviewed. Data collection also included a chart review to determine the delay of the correct diagnosis and visual ...
Williams Siôn L SL Department of Neurology, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, United States of - - 2013
The accumulation of heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions and single nucleotide variants (SNVs) is a well-accepted facet of the biology of aging, yet comprehensive mutation spectra have not been described. To address this, we have used next generation sequencing of mtDNA-enriched libraries (Mito-Seq) to investigate mtDNA mutation spectra of putamen ...
Madakacherry Odessa - - 2013
To control the container-breeding mosquito and major vector of dengue and chikungunya Aedes albopictus, the sterile insect technique (SIT) is proposed as a component of integrated vector management programs in endemic areas. For the technique to be successful released males, sterilized with 35Gy of ionizing radiation during the pupal stage, ...
Paucar Martin - - 2013
A minority of inherited prion diseases (IPD) are caused by four to 12 extra octapeptide repeat insertions (OPRI) in the prion protein gene (PRNP). Only four families affected by IPD with 8-OPRI have been reported, one of them was a three-generation Swedish kindred in which four of seven affected subjects ...
Muralidhar P - - 2013
Resource availability influences sexual selection within populations and determines whether behaviors such as territoriality or resource sharing are adaptive. In Thoropa taophora, a frog endemic to the Atlantic Coastal Rainforest of Brazil, males compete for and defend limited breeding sites while females often share breeding sites with other females; however, ...
Hintsa Taina - - 2013
Over the recent decades, the incidence of cardiovascular and heart diseases has decreased while levels of type-A behavior, i.e., a potential risk factor, appear to have increased. However, the long-term developmental patterns of type-A behavior is poorly understood. Both age- and cohort-related changes may be involved in these developments. The ...
Friesen Christopher R - - 2014
Sexual conflict over mating can result in sex-specific morphologies and behaviours that allow each sex to exert control over the outcome of reproduction. Genital traits, in particular, are often directly involved in conflict interactions. Via genital manipulation, we experimentally investigated whether genital traits in red-sided garter snakes influence copulation duration ...
Nabbout Rima - - 2013
Dravet syndrome (DS) is currently considered as an epileptic encephalopathy, a condition in which epilepsy causes deterioration or developmental delay but preliminary data suggested that cognitive course may worsen independently from epilepsy. Our objective was to prospectively analyze the neuropsychological features in a large cohort of DS patients and its ...
Tucker Zhou Tracey B - - 2013
Klotho (KL) is an age regulating protein named after the Greek goddess who spins the thread of life. Mice deficient in KL are normal throughout development, but rapidly degenerate and display a variety of aging-associated abnormalities that eventually lead to decreased life expectancy. While multiple genetic association studies have identified ...
Joshi Yash B - - 2013
The 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) is an enzyme widely distributed in the central nervous system, and it has been involved in the neurobiology of Alzheimer's disease. However, whether this pathway is also involved in neuropsychiatry disorders including anxiety remain to be investigated. In this study we investigated whether genetic over-expression of 12/15-LO ...
Steiger Sandra - - 2013
Cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) play an essential role in mate recognition in insects but the form and intensity of sexual selection on CHCs has only been evaluated in a handful of studies, and never in a natural population. We quantified sexual selection operating on CHCs in a wild population of sagebrush ...
Molina D Kimberley - - 2013
Many studies have examined the characteristics of gunshot wounds by manner of death; however, no published study has directly compared these characteristics for the different types of firearms. This study was designed to address that deficiency. Existing data sets of nonaccidental deaths by handguns, shotguns, and rifles were reviewed. The ...
Lenassi Eva - - 2013
To evaluate the phenotypic variability and natural history of ocular disease in a cohort of 28 individuals with MYO7A-related disease. Mutations in the MYO7A gene are the most common cause of Usher syndrome type 1, characterized by profound congenital deafness, vestibular arreflexia, and progressive retinal degeneration. Retrospective case series. Twenty-eight ...
Che Alison - - 2013
When couples hold hands, one partner must take the lead hand and the other the following hand position. As potential correlates or predictors of handholding positions within lesbian couples, this article explored differences in height, age, income, who initiated the relationship, who usually initiates sexual intimacy, previous history of partnership ...
Păun Dl - - 2013
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN 2A) is a complexautosomal dominant inherited syndrome characterized bymedullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), pheochromocytoma andprimary parathyroid hyperplasia. In patients with only one ortwo clinical features, identification of a germline RET(REarranged in Transfection) mutation or the identification ofthe clinical features of MEN 2A in other first ...
Czaprowski Dariusz - - 2013
The ability to adopt the properly corrected body posture is one of the factors determining the effectiveness of therapeutic programmes. This study determined the active self-correction expressed by the change of sagittal spinal curvatures (in standing and sitting positions) in 249 children (136 females, 113 males, aged 10-14 years) instructed ...
Boeskorov G G - - 2013
The frozen bodies of a young woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius (Blumenbach, 1799)), wild horse (Equus sp.) and steppe bison (Bison priscus Bojanus, 1827) were recently found in the northern Yakutia (northeastern Siberia). All specimens have preserved bones, skin and soft tissues. While the woolly mammoth and Pleistocene horse were represented ...
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