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Burtner Christopher R CR Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2009
The molecular mechanisms that cause organismal aging are a topic of intense scrutiny and debate. Dietary restriction extends the life span of many organisms, including yeast, and efforts are underway to understand the biochemical and genetic pathways that regulate this life span extension in model organisms. Here we describe the ...
Smith Stephen S National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago, Illinois, USA. - - 2009
The National Opinion Research Center, led by a team of investigators at the University of Chicago, conducted more than 3,000 in-person interviews with a nationally representative sample of adults aged 57-85 years. Data collection included in-person questionnaire items, an extensive array of biomeasures, and a postinterview self-administered questionnaire. The National ...
Hernández Emilio - - 2009
The demographic changes in Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) (Diptera: Tephritidae) throughout laboratory colonization were characterized over the course of 11 generations. Four significant changes were determined. The first change was a reduction in the preoviposition period from the G(p) to G(1). The second was that wild female flies had difficulty ovipositing ...
Kennedy Kristen M KM Department of Psychology and Institute of Gerontology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202, - - 2009
Because faces are frequently used as stimuli in cognitive aging behavioral and neuroimaging studies, there is a need for a normed set of pictures reflecting age and ethnic diversity. Minear and Park (2004, Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36, 630-633) provided a large database of face pictures from average, ...
van den Berg Gerard J - - 2009
We analyze causal effects of conditions early in life on the individual mortality rate later in life. Conditions early in life are captured by transitory features of the macro-environment around birth, notably the state of the business cycle around birth, but also food price deviations, weather indicators, and demographic indicators. ...
Abele Doris - - 2009
Bivalves are newly discovered models of natural aging. This invertebrate group includes species with the longest metazoan lifespan approaching 400 y, as well as species of swimming and sessile lifestyles that live just for 1 y. Bivalves from natural populations can be aged by shell growth bands formed at regular ...
Sparkman Amanda M - - 2009
The endocrine system plays an integral role in the regulation of key life-history traits. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is a hormone that promotes growth and reproduction, and it has been implicated in the reduction of lifespan. IGF-1 is also capable of responding plastically to environmental stimuli such as resource availability ...
Barrows A P W - - 2009
Population structure and life-history variables of the widely distributed alligator pipefish Syngnathoides biaculeatus were characterized in Bootless Bay, Papua New Guinea over the course of 11 months. There was little evidence of seasonality with four focal populations showing no significant change in abundance. Similarly, the sex ratio remained 1:1 for ...
Tieleman B Irene - - 2009
Dark-eyed juncos (Junco hyemalis) from two elevations in the Rocky Mountains of Canada display different life histories. Birds breeding at high elevation face a later and compressed reproductive season during which they raise on average half the number of broods (young) than their low-elevation conspecifics. Fledglings at high elevation are ...
Johnston Fiona D - - 2009
Over the course of a decade, the bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) population in Lower Kananaskis Lake, Alberta, Canada, recovered from a heavily overexploited state, experiencing a 28-fold increase in adult abundance after the implementation of zero-harvest regulations. This system provided a unique opportunity to monitor the changes in life-history characteristics ...
Lee Sook-Jung SJ Department of Mass Communication, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, South Korea. - - 2009
The purpose of this paper is to examine the predictors of children's media use in the USA, comparing cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Data come from Waves I and 2 of the Child Development Supplement (CDS-I; CDS-II), a nationally representative sample of American children aged 0-12 in 1997 and 5-18 in ...
Zabelina Darya L - - 2009
The objective of the current study was to investigate the association between age and weight-related quality of life in a broad range of overweight/obese individuals. Participants included 9,991 overweight and obese adults from a cross sectional database (mean age = 44.9, mean BMI = 38.3, 75.3% women, 73% white). Participants ...
Kaplan Hillard S - - 2009
Why do we age? Since ageing is a near-universal feature of complex organisms, a convincing theory must provide a robust evolutionary explanation for its ubiquity. This theory should be compatible with the physiological evidence that ageing is largely due to deterioration, which is, in principle, reversible through repair. Moreover, this ...
Gagliardi Cristina - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the patterns of associations of personal and mobility resources with positive well-being in two sample populations of older adults from Germany (n=1518) and Italy (n=600). A correlation study showed which variables correlated the closest with the well-being components, then four logistic regression ...
Williams Sharon R - - 2009
This paper presents a description of the methods used in the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project to detect the presence of chronic conditions and diseases associated with aging. It also discusses the validity and distribution of these measures. Markers associated with common chronic diseases and conditions of aging ...
Resch J Aaron - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The trajectories of life satisfaction for 609 individuals who sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) were studied. Hierarchical linear modeling analysis examined individual level growth trends over the first 5 years following TBI using gender, functional independence, age, and time to estimate life satisfaction trajectories. MEASURES: Participants completed the ...
Smits Jeroen - - 2009
Inequality in the distribution of adult length of life - defined as age at death in the population aged 15 and over - is studied for virtually all countries of the world using a new database with over 9000 life tables covering a period of up to two centuries. The ...
Hergenröder Heike - - 2009
The aim of this study was to explore subjective well-being and satisfaction with life in general and with participation, activities, and health, in adults with cerebral palsy (CP). A randomized sample of 50 individuals was drawn from a sample of 465 previous outpatients of a regional social paediatric centre in ...
Seston Elizabeth - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To date there has been no published research on the link between job satisfaction and intentions to quit the profession among pharmacists. OBJECTIVE: To explore job satisfaction, intentions to quit the profession, and actual quitting among pharmacists on the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain Register. METHODS: Job satisfaction ...
Williams A Paul - - 2009
We are very grateful to the editors of HealthcarePapers for making this timely journal edition possible, and to our distinguished contributors for sharing their valuable insights on aging at home from local, national and international perspectives. While starting from different points and using different approaches, each contributor has articulated a ...
Lombardi Emilia - - 2009
The conceptualization of gender variant populations within studies have consisted of imposed labels and a diversity of individual identities that preclude any attempt at examining the variations found among gender variant populations, while at the same time creating artificial distinctions between groups that may not actually exist. Data were collected ...
Sayers Susan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In 1987, a prospective study of an Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort was established focusing on the relationships of fetal and childhood growth with the risk of chronic adult disease. However as the study is being conducted in a highly marginalized population it is also an important resource for cross-sectional ...
Blazun Helena - - 2009
It is well known that we are ageing more and more each day and that elderly are one of the most vulnerable population. Therefore we have to think globally how to reconnect elderly people into the active life again and to rebuild their personal challenges in connection with the society ...
Wagner Manfred - - 2009
The study explores the process of aging in artists as reflected in their creative output after the age of 60. Additionally, a wide range of artists who died young are also included, as their late work, i.e. the work of their last years of life, is very similar to the ...
Merilahti Juho - - 2009
We developed a system consisting of both wearable and ambient technologies designed to monitor personal wellbeing for several months during daily life. The variables monitored included bodyweight, blood pressure, heart-rate variability and air temperature. Two different user groups were studied: there were 17 working-age subjects participating in a vocational rehabilitation ...
Rajaratnam Ranjit - - 2009
To evaluate the features and modes of adaptation to aging among Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) enrollees. Beth Israel Medical Center in New York City. A sample of 156 MMT enrollees (103/66 percent males and 53/34 percent females) age 24-68 years. Twenty-nine percent of participants were aged 55 or older. A ...
Shavelle Robert M - - 2009
RATIONALE: Previous studies have demonstrated that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes increased mortality in the general population. But life expectancy and the years of life lost have not been reported. OBJECTIVES: To quantify mortality, examine how it varies with age, sex, and other risk factors, and determine how life ...
Bowling Ann - - 2009
Purpose. To present the psychometric properties of a new measure of quality of life in older age, the Older People's Quality of Life (OPQOL) Questionnaire, compared with the CAPSE-19 and the WHOQOL-OLD. Design and Methods. The vehicle was three national population surveys of older people living at home in Britain, ...
Kucukalic Abdulah - - 2009
GOALS: To assess possible differences in quality of life assessment between the group of veterans with combat experience who meet the criteria for the diagnosis of chronic PTSD and the group of veterans with combat experience who do not meet the criteria for the diagnosis of chronic PTSD. To compare ...
Kurzweil Ray - - 2009
Putting an end to human aging is now becoming a reality, and immortality is no longer just a dream. Through what we are calling "Fantastic Voyage," we provide a guide to achieving life extension through various means, thereby slowing down aging and disease processes. The three components of Fantastic Voyage ...
Dilorenzo Terry A - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study was designed to examine the relationship between age and quality of life in middle aged and older adults with MS. METHOD: Individuals with MS, recruited through a Comprehensive Care Centre and local registries of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, completed a telephone interview which incorporated several scales ...
Farrant A - - 2009
The fair innings argument maintains that for healthcare resources to be distributed fairly every person should receive sufficient healthcare to provide them with the opportunity to live in good health for a normal span of years. What constitutes a normal span of years is often defined as life expectancy at ...
Reich Peter B - - 2009
* Here, we evaluated how increased shading and declining net photosynthetic capacity regulate the decline in net carbon balance with increasing leaf age for 10 Australian woodland species. We also asked whether leaves at the age of their mean life-span have carbon balances that are positive, zero or negative. * ...
Gurnett Donald A - - 2009
In this presentation I give an overview of the long struggle to answer the age old question, does life exist anywhere else? The focus will be specifically on the search for life in the solar system, since this is the only region currently accessible to direct investigation. A hundred years ...
Pahwa Punam - - 2009
Previous studies have shown conflicting results for the association between TLR4 polymorphism (Asp299Gly) and lung function. We investigated the influence of TLR4 Asp299Gly, a polymorphism, on lung function in a community population. In 2003, a cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess the respiratory health of residents living in and around ...
Hoi Le V le - - 2009
Better understanding of the trends and disparities in health at old age in terms of life expectancy will help to provide appropriate responses to the growing needs of health and social care for the older population in the context of limited resources. As a result of rapid economic, demographic and ...
Birditt Kira S - - 2009
Some theories suggest that negative relationship quality decreases with age, whereas others suggest that it remains stable. This study examined negative relationship quality over time, by relationship type, and by age. A total of 1,361 adults aged 20-93 years in 1992 and 840 adults in 2005 reported how much their ...
Kulminski Alexander M - - 2009
Aging studies can be facilitated by refocusing from longevity phenotypes to their proxies (intermediate phenotypes). Robust selection of the intermediate phenotypes requires data on such phenotypes and life span measured in the same individuals, which is not always the case in aging studies. A promising approach is to select intermediate ...
Franzen Jens L - - 2009
The best European locality for complete Eocene mammal skeletons is Grube Messel, near Darmstadt, Germany. Although the site was surrounded by a para-tropical rain forest in the Eocene, primates are remarkably rare there, and only eight fragmentary specimens were known until now. Messel has now yielded a full primate skeleton. ...
Håkansson Krister - - 2009
To evaluate whether mid-life marital status is related to cognitive function in later life. Prospective population based study with an average follow-up of 21 years. Kuopio and Joensuu regions in eastern Finland. Participants were derived from random, population based samples previously investigated in 1972, 1977, 1982, or 1987; 1449 individuals ...
Sutphin George L GL Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2009
Aging is a degenerative process characterized by a progressive deterioration of cellular components and organelles resulting in mortality. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has emerged as a principal model used to study the biology of aging. Because virtually every biological subsystem undergoes functional decline with increasing age, life span is the ...
Kitamura Tetsuhisa T Kyoto University Health Service, Kyoto 606-8501, - - 2009
Although there have been many studies on aging in a number of developed countries, data on the effects of aging during early senescence are scarce. We designed a study to investigate an age-specific cohort in a suburban Japanese city to determine the factors that contribute to living long and well. ...
Holmer S F - - 2009
The pork industry uses pH to differentiate product of varying quality; thus, the effect of pH on shelf-life is important as time during transport is extended. The objective was to develop regression equations to predict shelf-life over a range of ultimate pH (5.42-6.26). Shelf-life was evaluated after vacuum aging pork ...
Bornholdt Stefan - - 2009
Longevity of a taxonomic group is an important issue in understanding the dynamics of evolution. In this respect a key observation is that genera, families or orders can each be assigned a characteristic average lifetime (Van Valen in Evol Theory 1:1-30, 1973). Using the fossil marine animal genera database (Sepkoski ...
Bourne P A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Advances in nutrition, sanitation, water supply, technology and drugs have managed to add years to life. However, with the continuing increase in the non-communicable diseases, the World Health Organization (WHO) has said that disabilities have eroded nine years from the healthy quality of life of Jamaicans. The current study ...
McCann Mortimer Patricia - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Researchers have pointed to significant omissions in Rowe and Kahn's model of successful ageing and their lack of consultation with older people. This study examined late mid-life and older women's views of successful ageing. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 14 women aged 60-89 years. Participants who identified themselves ...
Röcke Christina - - 2008
Despite longitudinal stability in subjective well-being across adulthood, many adults perceive self-related change. This study was aimed at identifying differential subjective change profiles in life satisfaction rated for the present, the past, and the future and to examine their associations with sociodemographic variables and changes in adaptive functioning. The authors ...
Wiacek Magdalena - - 2009
The objective of the studies was to analyze the level of deterioration of basic coordinative parameters and to derive the present correlation. 180 female participants with no neurological disorders and limb surgery were studied by means of flamingo, kinesthetic differentiation, spatial orientation and reaction to signals tests. t-test for un-paired ...
Gardner, Paula
Preserving and improving the health and well-being of older people is a significant public health issue of the 21st century. The increased attention to the promotion of health in old age has given rise to an extensive body of literature on the subject of “healthy aging” – a discourse dedicated ...
Shrira Amit - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relative effect of positive and negative autobiographical aspects in later life as a function of the traumatic experience of the Holocaust and age. METHOD: Old (age <or=80) and old-old (age >80) participants who were identified as Holocaust survivors (n = 225), and comparison of pre-war ...
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