Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1429
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Shavelle Robert M - - 2009
RATIONALE: Previous studies have demonstrated that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes increased mortality in the general population. But life expectancy and the years of life lost have not been reported. OBJECTIVES: To quantify mortality, examine how it varies with age, sex, and other risk factors, and determine how life ...
Bowling Ann - - 2009
Purpose. To present the psychometric properties of a new measure of quality of life in older age, the Older People's Quality of Life (OPQOL) Questionnaire, compared with the CAPSE-19 and the WHOQOL-OLD. Design and Methods. The vehicle was three national population surveys of older people living at home in Britain, ...
Kucukalic Abdulah - - 2009
GOALS: To assess possible differences in quality of life assessment between the group of veterans with combat experience who meet the criteria for the diagnosis of chronic PTSD and the group of veterans with combat experience who do not meet the criteria for the diagnosis of chronic PTSD. To compare ...
Kurzweil Ray - - 2009
Putting an end to human aging is now becoming a reality, and immortality is no longer just a dream. Through what we are calling "Fantastic Voyage," we provide a guide to achieving life extension through various means, thereby slowing down aging and disease processes. The three components of Fantastic Voyage ...
Dilorenzo Terry A - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study was designed to examine the relationship between age and quality of life in middle aged and older adults with MS. METHOD: Individuals with MS, recruited through a Comprehensive Care Centre and local registries of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, completed a telephone interview which incorporated several scales ...
Farrant A - - 2009
The fair innings argument maintains that for healthcare resources to be distributed fairly every person should receive sufficient healthcare to provide them with the opportunity to live in good health for a normal span of years. What constitutes a normal span of years is often defined as life expectancy at ...
Reich Peter B - - 2009
* Here, we evaluated how increased shading and declining net photosynthetic capacity regulate the decline in net carbon balance with increasing leaf age for 10 Australian woodland species. We also asked whether leaves at the age of their mean life-span have carbon balances that are positive, zero or negative. * ...
Gurnett Donald A - - 2009
In this presentation I give an overview of the long struggle to answer the age old question, does life exist anywhere else? The focus will be specifically on the search for life in the solar system, since this is the only region currently accessible to direct investigation. A hundred years ...
Pahwa Punam - - 2009
Previous studies have shown conflicting results for the association between TLR4 polymorphism (Asp299Gly) and lung function. We investigated the influence of TLR4 Asp299Gly, a polymorphism, on lung function in a community population. In 2003, a cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess the respiratory health of residents living in and around ...
Hoi Le V le - - 2009
Better understanding of the trends and disparities in health at old age in terms of life expectancy will help to provide appropriate responses to the growing needs of health and social care for the older population in the context of limited resources. As a result of rapid economic, demographic and ...
Birditt Kira S - - 2009
Some theories suggest that negative relationship quality decreases with age, whereas others suggest that it remains stable. This study examined negative relationship quality over time, by relationship type, and by age. A total of 1,361 adults aged 20-93 years in 1992 and 840 adults in 2005 reported how much their ...
Kulminski Alexander M - - 2009
Aging studies can be facilitated by refocusing from longevity phenotypes to their proxies (intermediate phenotypes). Robust selection of the intermediate phenotypes requires data on such phenotypes and life span measured in the same individuals, which is not always the case in aging studies. A promising approach is to select intermediate ...
Franzen Jens L - - 2009
The best European locality for complete Eocene mammal skeletons is Grube Messel, near Darmstadt, Germany. Although the site was surrounded by a para-tropical rain forest in the Eocene, primates are remarkably rare there, and only eight fragmentary specimens were known until now. Messel has now yielded a full primate skeleton. ...
Håkansson Krister - - 2009
To evaluate whether mid-life marital status is related to cognitive function in later life. Prospective population based study with an average follow-up of 21 years. Kuopio and Joensuu regions in eastern Finland. Participants were derived from random, population based samples previously investigated in 1972, 1977, 1982, or 1987; 1449 individuals ...
Sutphin George L GL Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2009
Aging is a degenerative process characterized by a progressive deterioration of cellular components and organelles resulting in mortality. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has emerged as a principal model used to study the biology of aging. Because virtually every biological subsystem undergoes functional decline with increasing age, life span is the ...
Kitamura Tetsuhisa T Kyoto University Health Service, Kyoto 606-8501, - - 2009
Although there have been many studies on aging in a number of developed countries, data on the effects of aging during early senescence are scarce. We designed a study to investigate an age-specific cohort in a suburban Japanese city to determine the factors that contribute to living long and well. ...
Holmer S F - - 2009
The pork industry uses pH to differentiate product of varying quality; thus, the effect of pH on shelf-life is important as time during transport is extended. The objective was to develop regression equations to predict shelf-life over a range of ultimate pH (5.42-6.26). Shelf-life was evaluated after vacuum aging pork ...
Bornholdt Stefan - - 2009
Longevity of a taxonomic group is an important issue in understanding the dynamics of evolution. In this respect a key observation is that genera, families or orders can each be assigned a characteristic average lifetime (Van Valen in Evol Theory 1:1-30, 1973). Using the fossil marine animal genera database (Sepkoski ...
Bourne P A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Advances in nutrition, sanitation, water supply, technology and drugs have managed to add years to life. However, with the continuing increase in the non-communicable diseases, the World Health Organization (WHO) has said that disabilities have eroded nine years from the healthy quality of life of Jamaicans. The current study ...
McCann Mortimer Patricia - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Researchers have pointed to significant omissions in Rowe and Kahn's model of successful ageing and their lack of consultation with older people. This study examined late mid-life and older women's views of successful ageing. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 14 women aged 60-89 years. Participants who identified themselves ...
Röcke Christina - - 2008
Despite longitudinal stability in subjective well-being across adulthood, many adults perceive self-related change. This study was aimed at identifying differential subjective change profiles in life satisfaction rated for the present, the past, and the future and to examine their associations with sociodemographic variables and changes in adaptive functioning. The authors ...
Wiacek Magdalena - - 2009
The objective of the studies was to analyze the level of deterioration of basic coordinative parameters and to derive the present correlation. 180 female participants with no neurological disorders and limb surgery were studied by means of flamingo, kinesthetic differentiation, spatial orientation and reaction to signals tests. t-test for un-paired ...
Gardner, Paula
Preserving and improving the health and well-being of older people is a significant public health issue of the 21st century. The increased attention to the promotion of health in old age has given rise to an extensive body of literature on the subject of “healthy aging” – a discourse dedicated ...
Shrira Amit - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relative effect of positive and negative autobiographical aspects in later life as a function of the traumatic experience of the Holocaust and age. METHOD: Old (age <or=80) and old-old (age >80) participants who were identified as Holocaust survivors (n = 225), and comparison of pre-war ...
Kleinspehn-Ammerlahn Anna - - 2008
The present study examined time-related change in felt age, physical age, and satisfaction with aging in old age and covariates of this change. Using 6-year-longitudinal data from the Berlin Aging Study (age range = 70-104 years), we found that individuals' felt age remained on average about 13 years below their ...
Bruscia Kenneth - - 2008
This cross-sectional investigation examined relationships between Sense of Coherence (SOC), age, gender, race, education, length of illness, and Quality of Life (QOLS) in 121 hospitalized cardiac patients (mean age 61.7 years), varying in condition and treatment regimen. QOLS scores were relatively good; SOC scores were slightly lower than other groups. ...
Nic Da?id N - - 2008
The Electrostatic Detection Apparatus (ESDA) is a technique most commonly used for the visualisation of indented impressions on questioned documents. This work investigates some of the variables which are known to affect the results of ESDA and some variables which have, as yet, not been addressed. The investigation of variables ...
Aasebø Willy - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Young adults, 18-35 years of age, may be more vulnerable to chronic diseases than other age groups. In this study we describe the life situation and lifestyle of young adult kidney transplant recipients and compare their health-related quality of life (HRQoL) with a general population sample. METHODS: Questionnaires, including ...
Milbrath Meghan O'Grady - - 2009
In this study we reviewed the half-life data in the literature for the 29 dioxin, furan, and polychlorinated biphenyl congeners named in the World Health Organization toxic equivalency factor scheme, with the aim of providing a reference value for the half-life of each congener in the human body and a ...
Jopp Daniela - - 2008
PURPOSE: Valuation of life (VOL) represents a construct capturing active attachment to life put forward by M. P. Lawton (e.g., 1999). As old and very old individuals may differ in terms of endorsement and with respect to what makes a life worth living, the present study investigated whether mean levels ...
Pasco J A - - 2009
The epidemiology and sequelae of morphometric vertebral fracture (MVF) are poorly documented. We found that MVFs of the lower thoracic and lumbar spine were associated with poor quality of life and impaired physical function in men. We recommend that morphometric X-ray absorptiometry be included in routine requests for bone densitometry. ...
Livingston Michael H - - 2008
This study assessed stability of measurement of quality of life (QOL) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) over the course of 1 year among 185 adolescents (mean age 16y, SD 1 y 9 mo) with cerebral palsy (CP). Participants were classified on the Gross Motor Function Classification System as level ...
Kirchengast Sylvia - - 2008
Although they experience lower mortality rates and lower rates of several chronic diseases than do their male counterparts, aging women are more likely to experience functional impairment in mobility and a general diminished health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The determinants of these gender differences have been the subject of controversy. ...
Kawasaki Noriyoshi - - 2008
Most research on life span and aging has been based on captive populations of short-lived animals; however, we know very little about the expression of these traits in wild populations of such organisms. Because life span and aging are major components of fitness, the extent to which the results of ...
Anisimov Vladimir N - - 2008
Studies in mammals have led to the suggestion that hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia are important factors both in aging and in the development of cancer. It is possible that the life-prolonging effects of calorie restriction are due to decreasing IGF-1 levels. A search of pharmacological modulators of insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway (which ...
Falagas Matthew E - - 2008
Several human characteristics that influence scientific research performance, including set goals, mental and physical abilities, education, and experience, may vary considerably during the life cycle of scientists. We sought to answer the question of whether high-quality research productivity is associated with investigator's age. We randomly selected 300 highly cited scientists ...
Unruh Mark L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess the extent to which persons aged 70 and older undergoing hemodialysis (HD) had greater changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) over 3 years than younger patients undergoing HD. DESIGN: Longitudinal. SETTING: The Hemodialysis Study (HEMO Study) was a randomized, clinical trial of the effects of HD ...
Arias Elizabeth - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This report presents period life tables for the United States based on age-specific death rates for the period 1999-2001. These tables are the most recent in a 100-year series of decennial life tables for the United States. METHODS: This report presents complete life tables by age, race (white and ...
- - 2008
Combination antiretroviral therapy has led to significant increases in survival and quality of life, but at a population-level the effect on life expectancy is not well understood. Our objective was to compare changes in mortality and life expectancy among HIV-positive individuals on combination antiretroviral therapy. The Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration ...
- - 2008
Occupational exposure to respirable crystalline silica occurs in construction, mining, manufacturing, and other industries and can result in silicosis and other lung diseases. Classic (chronic) silicosis results from exposure to relatively low concentrations of respirable crystalline silica for >/=years. Exposure to higher concentrations of silica for 5-10 years can cause ...
Saint Onge Jarron M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We examine the importance of anthropometric and performance measures, and age, period, and cohort effects in explaining life expectancies among major league baseball (MLB) players over the past century. METHODS: We use discrete time hazard models to calculate life tables with covariates with data from Total Baseball, a rich ...
Siedlecki Karen L - - 2008
It is likely that with aging and changing life circumstances, individuals' values shift in systematic ways, and that these shifts may be accompanied by shifts in the determinants of their subjective judgments of well being. To examine this possibility, the relations among the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) and a ...
Mello Zena R - - 2008
Adolescents' future expectations are a potentially important precursor of adult attainment and may illuminate how males and females vary in schooling and work. Thus, this longitudinal study examined gender variation in developmental trajectories of educational and occupational expectations from adolescence to adulthood and in connection to corresponding adult attainment. National ...
Gerstorf Denis - - 2008
Longitudinal data spanning 22 years, obtained from deceased participants of the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP; N = 1,637; 70- to 100-year-olds), were used to examine if and how life satisfaction exhibits terminal decline at the end of life. Changes in life satisfaction were more strongly associated with distance to ...
Zanocco Kyle - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The National Institutes of Health consensus conference on asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) recommended several criteria for parathyroidectomy (PTX), including age <50 years. We hypothesized that a cost-effectiveness analysis would show PTX to be the optimal strategy for asymptomatic patients >50 years of age. METHODS: A Markov model was constructed ...
Vance David E - - 2008
A growing number of adults will age with HIV due to the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy, an increase in later-life infections, and an overall aging of the population. Unfortunately, how successful aging will be expressed in this population is unknown. In the gerontological literature, the concept of hardiness ...
Kirchengast Sylvia - - 2008
The amount of aged and old aged people is increasing markedly in all industrialized nations as well as in many developing countries. Additionally to the increasing life expectancy, a trend towards voluntary childlessness is observable. This trend will not only result in a continuing change of the population structure, it ...
Blank Thomas O - - 2008
Most people diagnosed with cancer are aged >65 years, and many diagnosed younger live to become older survivors. Geriatric oncology is becoming recognized as a specialty area within oncology. It focuses specifically on the functional impacts of the interplay of aging and cancer, including the role of comorbidities. Nevertheless, to ...
Osler Merete - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the consequences of nonresponse in a follow-up survey for the associations of early life factors with adult depression. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A cohort of 11,532 Danish men born in 1953 had nearly complete follow up for outcomes retrieved from the Danish Psychiatric Register and the ...
Cairney John - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to see if exposure to life events influences age-related decline in control. METHODS: The data came from a large, nationally representative sample of Canadians aged 18 and older (n = 17, 291). We examined the principal research question by testing for an interaction ...
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