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Squitti Rosanna R Dept. of Neuroscience, AFaR - Osp. Fatebenefratelli, Isola Tiberina, Rome, Italy; Laboratory of Neurodegeneration, IRCSS "San Raffaele Pisana", Rome, - - 2014
Objectives: Meta-analyses show that non-bound ceruloplasmin (Non-Cp) copper (also known as 'free' or labile copper) in serum is higher in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). It discriminates subjects with Mild Cognitive impairment (MCI) from healthy controls. However, a longitudinal study on an MCI cohort has not yet been performed in ...
Mathew Philips P Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital , Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India - - 2014
Background: Oral Squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is often preceded by potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) like oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF). The rate of transformation of OSMF to OSCC ranges from 3 to 19%. OSMF is etiologically related to chewing of areca nut (betel nut), a habit prevalent among the population groups ...
Meyer Matthias R MR Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM, United - - 2013
Aging, a physiological process and main risk factor for cardiovascular and renal diseases, is associated with endothelial cell dysfunction partly resulting from NADPH oxidase-dependent oxidative stress. Because increased formation of endothelium-derived endothelin-1 (ET-1) may contribute to vascular aging, we studied the role of NADPH oxidase function in age-dependent contractions to ...
Shi Long - - 2013
Delayed healing of corneal epithelial wounds is a serious complication in diabetes. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are intimately associated with the diabetic complications and are deleterious to the wound healing process. However, the effect of AGEs on corneal epithelial wound healing has not yet been evaluated. In the present ...
Kayaaltı Zeliha - - 2013
Aging is a complex and multifactorial process that is stimulated by a number of factors including genes and life-style. It is thought that the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the face of antioxidant enzymes and molecules is related to aging and age-related diseases. NAD(P)H oxidase system is the ...
Benato Livia - - 2013
Analysis of vitamins and trace elements has gained importance in avian medicine in recent years. It has become evident that interpretation should be based on species-specific reference intervals due to differences in intervals between species. This study was performed to evaluate the blood concentrations of vitamins A (retinol), B1 (thiamine), ...
Martuscelli M - - 2013
Aim of this research was to study the effect of some agronomic and oenological factors on the content of biogenic amines as quality index of sixty-five Abruzzo wines. Sum of amines was found to be decreasing in the order: red (19.3±12.8mgL(-1)), rosé (9.20±6.34mgL(-1)), white (7.67±3.84mgL(-1)) wine. Significant differences in relationship ...
Liu Samuel S - - 2013
Biogenic amines are known to play critical roles in key insect behaviors such as feeding and reproduction. This study documents the effects of reserpine on mating and egg-laying behaviors of the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae), which is one of the most significant biting fly pests affecting cattle. ...
Joseph Michael F MF Kinesiology Dept, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, - - 2012
Achilles tendon rupture is often the result of a long-term degenerative process, frequently occurring asymptomatically. To determine the prevalence of asymptomatic Achilles tendinopathy in an active, asymptomatic, young-adult population and to compare these findings across gender. Convenience sample, cohort study. Research laboratory A sample of 52 (28 male, 24 female) ...
Ali A - - 2012
A 10-year-old, clinically healthy, male dromedary camel had presented a history of progressive unilateral testicular enlargement over the past 5 years. The animal had mated with 32 females during that period; all had conceived. The sex ratio of his offspring was one male to 31 females. Ultrasound examination of the right ...
Schramm Christoph - - 2012
Background:  It is often difficult to determine the correct size of endotracheal tubes (ETT) needed for intubating pediatric patients. Therefore, we evaluated the role of ultrasound in pediatric patients to compare the correct size of an uncuffed (ETT) with the minimal transverse diameter of the subglottic airway (MTDSA) measured by ...
Buchanan Daniel N - - 2012
The relationship of three-dimensional ultrasound (3DUS)-derived carotid vessel wall volume (VWV) was evaluated with respect to age and sex. B-mode and 3DUS images were acquired for 316 subjects from diverse groups including obese primary prevention, diabetic nephropathy, renal transplant and rheumatoid arthritis populations. The relationship for intima-media thickness (IMT) and VWV ...
Chin Kok-Yong - - 2012
The local normative value in quantitative ultrasound (QUS) equipment needs to be established for wider application and accurate classification of patients into respective fracture risk groups. The present study aimed to establish the calcaneal speed of sound (SOS) value for Chinese and Malay men in Malaysia and determine the difference ...
Williams J E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and quantitative ultrasound (QUS) classify the same children as 'abnormal' (SD (z) score (SDS) ≤-2). METHODS: Speed of sound (SOS) was measured at the radius and tibia using QUS and lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) using DXA in 621 subjects ...
Lubusky Marek - - 2012
Aims. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and accuracy of fetal gender assignment by transabdominal ultrasound at 12-14 weeks of gestation. Methods. Fetal gender assessment was performed in 1222 singleton pregnancies. In all fetuses the crown-rump length (CRL) was measured and the genital area of the ...
Lim Sin How - - 2012
This study aimed to examine trajectories with respect to the number of sexual partners among older men who have sex with men and to determine characteristics associated with trajectory groups. Nagin's group-based modeling was used to identify trajectories for 237 men from the Pitt Men's Study with respect to the ...
Deganello A - - 2012
AIM: To describe the prevalence of all forms of scrotal calcification within a symptomatic paediatric population and to compare this with previous reported data in paediatric and adult populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of testicular ultrasound examinations performed in a single institution over a 55 month period. All ...
Shaikh Z - - 2012
Ultrasound (US) changes within the Achilles tendon are present in asymptomatic Achilles individuals. We assessed the association of US signs with symptoms of Achilles tendinopathy in a study group of club level running athletes and in a control group of athletes training at least 2 times per week. The Achilles ...
Jones Rebecca M RM Autism Research Centre, Psychiatry Department, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK. - - 2012
The 'extreme male brain' theory suggests females with Autism Spectrum Conditions are hyper-masculinized in certain aspects of behavior. We predicted that females with Gender Identity Disorder (who are masculinized) would have elevated Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) scores. AQ scores from five groups were compared: (1) n = 61 transmen (female-to-male transsexual people); ...
Delpachitra Pavitra - - 2012
Accurate determination of gestational age underpins good obstetric care. We assessed the performance of six existing ultrasound reference charts to determine gestational age in 1268 singleton IVF pregnancies, where "true" gestational age could be precisely calculated from date of fertilisation. All charts generated dates significantly different to IVF dates (P ...
Chen You-Peng - - 2012
Environmental alternations leading to fetal programming of cardiovascular diseases in later life have been attributed to maternal factors. However, animal studies showed that paternal obesity may program cardio-metabolic diseases in the offspring. In the current study we tested the hypothesis that paternal BMI may be associated with fetal growth. We ...
Maldonado André Luiz Louzada AL Department of Imaging Diagnostic, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), 05303-000 São Paulo, SP, - - 2012
Objective. To verify if the placental thickness allows determining the gestational age, evaluating the correlation between the referred gestational age with the studied one, and the accuracy of the placental thickness measurement (biometry) with fetal morphologic parameters in bitches. Methods. The placental thickness of 336 bitches of diverse breeds was ...
Wolski Cyprian - - 2011
At present, there is a number of diagnostic imaging procedures allowing for the evaluation of atherosclerosis. The earliest, subclinical stage of atherosclerosis can be visualized with the development of computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US) techniques. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the degree of coronary artery ...
Jung Chang Hee - - 2011
Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) has been reported to be useful in predicting cardiovascular disease. Arterial stiffness measured by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is not only a marker of vascular damage but a significant predictor of cardiovascular events. Gender difference has been reported in the association between GGT and baPWV. We assessed, ...
Madimenos Felicia C - - 2011
Minimal data on bone mineral density changes are available from populations in developing countries. Using calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) techniques, the current study contributes to remedying this gap in the literature by establishing a normative data set on the indigenous Shuar and non-Shuar Colonos of the Ecuadorian Amazon. The paucity ...
Memon Sarwat - - 2011
The aim of this study was to develop a prediction equation for estimating the total widths of the mandibular permanent canines and premolars (TCPW) using the total widths of the mandibular first permanent molars and incisors (TWFMI). The sample comprised 288 mandibular dental casts of orthodontic patients (106 males and ...
Rego Bernadette Serra - - 2011
Handedness has been widely studied in nonhuman primates. However, few studies investigate this behavior throughout ontogenetic development. To determine the influence of developmental stage in common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) females, we used six animals, which were observed in food-reaching tests involving hand-use preference from the infantile to the adult phase. ...
Dilling Thomas J - - 2011
We investigated the impact of race, in conjunction with gender and partner status, on locoregional control (LRC) and overall survival (OS) in three head and neck trials conducted by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG). Patients from RTOG studies 9003, 9111, and 9703 were included. Patients were stratified by treatment ...
Villagra C A - - 2011
We, herein, report evidence that wing fanning by the aphid parasitoid Aphidius ervi Haliday (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) constitutes a courtship song. Complete removal of the forewings or only the distal half of them reduced male copulation success in comparison to intact males. Males that achieved copulation within the observation period produced ...
Stoeva Atanaska - - 2011
The present study describes key aspects of the biology of Leipothrix dipsacivagus, an eriophyid mite that is under study as a biological control candidate of Dipsacus fullonum and D. laciniatus (Dipsacaceae). Preliminary host-specificity tests have shown that it can develop and reproduce only on Dipsacus spp. (teasels). Studies were conducted ...
Yang X - - 2011
The objective of the current study was to analyze the methylation status of the chicken male hypermethylation (cMHM) region and mRNA expression levels of sex-dependent genes in adult female-to-male sex-reversed chickens. Sex reversal from genetic females into phenotypic males was induced by injection of 1.0 mg fadrozole, an aromatase inhibitor, ...
Tague Robert G - - 2011
Humans do not have a tail, but we have four rudimentary coccygeal vertebrae. This study considers several issues pertaining to fusion of the coccyx to the sacrum, including prevalence, sexual differences, effect on pelvic size, and obstetrical and evolutionary implications. Previous research on sacral-coccygeal fusion has reported: (1) lower prevalence ...
Bonini Nicolao - - 2011
We address the role of the incidental emotion of disgust in the Ultimatum Game. Participants had to choose whether or not to accept a €2 offer from a €10 pot made by another participant; 120 were in a room where a disgusting smell was released and 120 were in a ...
Goh Victor H H - - 2011
The present study sought to evaluate the relative associations of exercise, sleep and other lifestyle habits with aging, sex hormones, percent body fat (%BF) and sexual activities in men living in the community. A better understanding of this complex interrelationship is important in helping the formulation of modalities for a ...
Toki Wataru - - 2011
The lizard beetle Doubledaya bucculenta (Coleoptera: Erotylidae: Languriinae) female has evident asymmetric head morphology. The females excavate small holes in host bamboo internodes for the deposition of eggs. To understand the asymmetry and allometry of male and female adults and larvae of D. bucculenta, mandibular length, genal and head width, ...
Campbell Jamonn - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine sport fans' impressions of gay male athletes. Participants formed impressions of a fictional athlete from their favorite team after reading a short scenario about the player. The scenarios described the athlete as being gay or straight, and either becoming a distraction or ...
Fagerholm Riitta - - 2011
Sexual function and attitudes toward surgery were evaluated in females who had undergone feminizing genitoplasty in childhood. Sexual function and attitudes toward surgery were assessed by a questionnaire in 24 females who had undergone genitoplasty in childhood. Of 16 females who were prenatally exposed to androgens 15 had congenital adrenal ...
Zadraznik M - - 2011
Background Volleyball is a sport where anthropometric measures strongly influence the level of play. Objective The aim of our study was to explore the differences in the anthropometric measures in volleyball players among different levels of play. Design Controlled laboratory study. Setting Elite national division (competitive). Participants and methods 301 ...
Jappe Leah M LM Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado, - - 2011
The objective of this study is to test whether females with anorexia nervosa (AN) have increased sensitivity to punishing or rewarding stimuli, behaviors that could drive high self-control and anxious, avoidant behaviors. Sixty-four females completed the study: 33 control females (CFs, mean age 19.7 years) and 31 females with AN ...
Kaye Dan K - - 2011
Through a cross-sectional study conducted at Kabale Regional Hospital, among 111 men accused of rape and admitted for forensic examination from June 2009 to June 2010, we assessed whether the characteristics of perpetrators and the circumstances of the alleged sexual assault differ in acquaintance and stranger rape. Using a semi-structured ...
Solimeo S L - - 2012
The Male Osteoporosis Assessment Questionnaire (OPAQ™) is a health-related quality of life (HRQOL) instrument that can differentiate between men with and without fracture. The Male OPAQ™ is a reliable and validated instrument that may be utilized in clinical trials seeking to include male populations. Men with osteoporosis (OP) experience poorer ...
Somberg John C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Females are more susceptible to drug-induced torsade de pointes (TdP), which is associated with excessive prolongation of the heart rate-corrected QT interval (QTc). Sotalol prolongs the cardiac action potential that can be observed as QT prolongation and can induce TdP. The aim of this study was to assess gender ...
Naucke Torsten J - - 2011
During an entomology survey in July 2009 and July 2010, 4 males and 22 females of Phlebotomus (Transphlebotomus) mascittii were caught in southeastern Carinthia. These are the first documented records of the occurrence of Phlebotominae in Austria.
Madimenos Felicia C - - 2011
Minimal information on physical activity is available for non-Western populations undergoing the transition to a market economy. This is unfortunate given the importance of these data for understanding health issues such as the global obesity epidemic. We consider the utility of using accelerometry technology to examine activity patterns and energy ...
Nilsson Karin A - - 2011
There is considerable variation in cannibalism between different species and also between individuals of different species, although relatively little is known about what creates this variation. We investigated the degree of cannibalism in guppy (Poecilia reticulata) populations originating from high and low predation environments in Trinidad, and also how cannibalism ...
Roulin A - - 2011
Because the magnitude of selection can vary between sexes and in space and time, sexually antagonistic selection is difficult to demonstrate. In a Swiss population of barn owls (Tyto alba), a heritable eumelanic colour trait (size of black spots on ventral feathers) was positively selected with respect to yearling survival ...
Webster Kate E - - 2011
Background The external knee adduction moment during gait has previously been associated with knee pain and osteoarthritis (OA). Recently, the knee adduction moment has been shown to be increased following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery and has been suggested as a potential mechanism for the progression of early onset ...
Onambele-Pearson Gladys Leopoldine - - 2012
Human tendon mechanical properties are modified with loading. Moreover, there are indications that the training response in the tendon is gender specific. The aim of the current study was to examine whether in vivo patella tendon stiffness (K) differentially alters with training in older males compared with females. We also ...
Barske Julia - - 2011
Sexual selection was proposed by Darwin to explain the evolution of male sexual traits such as ornaments and elaborate courtship displays. Empirical and theoretical studies have traditionally focused on ornaments; the reasons for the evolution of elaborate, acrobatic courtship displays remain unclear. We addressed the hypothesis that females choose males ...
Heide Kathleen M - - 2011
Murders committed by juveniles remain a serious concern in the United States. Most studies on juvenile homicide offenders (JHOs) have used small samples and have concentrated on male offenders. As a result, little is known about female JHOs and how they differ from their male counterparts on a national level. ...
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