Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1052
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Giroud Sylvain S Department of Integrative Biology and Evolution, Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Savoyenstraße 1, 1160 Vienna, Austria - - 2014
Torpor is thought to slow age-related processes and to sustain growth and fattening of young individuals. Energy allocation into these processes represents a challenge for juveniles, especially for those born late in the season. We tested the hypothesis that late-born juvenile garden dormice (Eliomys quercinus) fed ad libitum ('AL', n ...
Sari Ahmet Sinan AS Specialist, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nigde State Hospital, Nigde, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effects of gender and various anthropometric variables were previously reported as significant predictors of plantar fascia thickness. Although a strong correlation between either the body weight or body mass index (BMI) and plantar fascia thickness were not demonstrated, a moderate relation was stated. We retrospectively investigated the role of ...
Román Estela María EM Instituto de Biología de la Altura, Universidad Nacional de Jujuy (UNJu), San Salvador de Jujuy , Jujuy , Argentina - - 2014
Abstract Background: Highland child populations show low growth rates. Aim: To evaluate the variation of size, mass and body surface area of Jujenean infants (1-4 years) as a function of geographic altitude. Subjects and methods: Nutritional status of 8059 healthy infants was determined based on weight and height data; body ...
Cooper Rachel R MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, University College London, London, UK. - - 2014
Recommendations for identifying age-related muscle dysfunction have recently been published. We aimed to compare definitions for clinically relevant weakness and low lean mass proposed by the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) Sarcopenia project with the definition of sarcopenia proposed by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in ...
Klink Daniel D Center of Expertise on Gender Dysphoria, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1118, 1081 HZ Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Context: sex steroids are important for bone mass accrual. Adolescents with gender dysphoria (GD) treated with gonadotropin releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa) therapy are temporarily sex steroid deprived until the addition of cross sex hormones (CSH). The effect of this treatment on bone mineral density (BMD) in later life is not ...
Koršić Marta M Clinic for Lung Disease, Clinical Hospital Centre Zagreb, Zagreb, - - 2014
Objective: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects body composition, adipokine secretion, and skeletal integrity. The aim was to determine the association between leptin, body mass (BM) and body composition parameters - fat mass (FM) and fat mass index (FMI), lean tissue mass (LTM), lean tissue mass index (LTMI) and bone ...
Margaret Ashwell Margaret M Ashwell Associates, Ashwell, Hertfordshire, - - 2014
Objective: To test the hypothesis that promoting breakfast cereal consumption, as part of a web-based programme, results in loss of body mass. Methods: Single centre, single blind, randomised parallel study. Test group followed a fully interactive website (B) with 'prescribed' breakfast cereals. Control group followed website (A) giving standard advice ...
Frost M M Department of Endocrinology, Odense University Hospital Odense, DK-5000, Odense C, Denmark, - - 2014
The prevalence of sarcopenia increases with age. The diagnosis of sarcopenia relies in part on normative data on muscle mass, but these data are lacking. This study provides population-based reference data on muscle mass in young men, and these results may be used clinically for the diagnosis of sarcopenia in ...
Sharma Deep D Division of Nephrology, Department of - - 2014
Muscle wasting is common among patients with ESRD, but little is known about differences in muscle mass in persons with CKD before the initiation of dialysis. If sarcopenia was common, it might affect the use of body mass index for diagnosing obesity in people with CKD. Because obesity may be ...
Wilson Laura C LC Psychology Department, University of Mary Washington, Fredericksburg, Virginia, - - 2014
A meta-analysis was conducted to examine the dose-response theory as it relates to posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSSs) following mass shootings. It was hypothesized that greater exposure to a mass shooting would be associated with greater PTSSs. Trauma exposure in the current study was broadly defined as the extent to which ...
Chen Han H Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Valdosta State University, Valdosta, GA, 31602, USA, - - 2014
Researchers have been examining the relationship between obesity and hypertension. However, whether overall or abdominal obesity better explains senior adults' hypertension has not been studied. The purpose of the study was to examine whether body mass index or waist circumference better predicts hypertension in Chinese senior adults and how the ...
Wilson F Perry FP Due to the number of contributing authors, the affiliations are provided in the Supplemental Material. - - 2014
Previous studies in chronic disease states have demonstrated an association between lower urinary creatinine excretion (UCr) and increased mortality, a finding presumed to reflect the effect of low muscle mass on clinical outcomes. Little is known about the relationship between UCr and other measures of body composition in terms of ...
Ichikawa Yuta Y College of Biological Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, - - 2014
The wandering glider dragonfly Pantala flavescens migrates to Japan every spring, where the population increases until autumn, in which mass flights often occur, followed by death in the winter. There have been no reports to date on the maturation process of this species throughout its lifespan in Japan. We collected ...
Choudhary Narendra S NS Medanta Liver Institute, Medanta The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, - - 2014
liver biopsy based studies have shown that serum levels of aminotransferases are lower than conventional cut-off of 40 IU/mL in persons with normal histology. There is no such study in Indian population based on liver histology. To estimate normal values of serum aminotransferases in healthy Indian population with normal liver ...
Bolzenius Jacob D JD University of Missouri - Saint Louis, One University Boulevard, Stadler Hall 443, Saint Louis, MO 63121, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity, commonly measured with body mass index (BMI), is associated with numerous deleterious health conditions including alterations in brain integrity related to advanced age. Prior research has suggested that white matter integrity observed using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is altered in relation to high BMI, but the integrity of specific ...
Meule Adrian A Institute of Psychology, Department of Psychology I, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany; Hospital for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, LWL University Hospital of the Ruhr University Bochum, Hamm, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Night eating syndrome (NES) is marked by substantial evening or nocturnal food intake, insomnia, morning anorexia, and depressed mood. Originally, NES was described as an eating pattern among obese individuals. However, subsequent studies showed that NES also occurs among non-obese individuals, who appear to be younger than obese individuals with ...
Mellis M G MG Carnegie Faculty, Leeds Metropolitan University, Headingley Campus, Leeds, - - 2014
CoreScan is a new software for the GE Lunar iDXA, which provides a quantification of visceral adipose tissue (VAT). The objective of this study was to determine the in vivo precision of CoreScan for the measurement of VAT mass in a heterogeneous group of adults. Forty-five adults (aged 34.6 (8.6) ...
Chang Kwang-Hwa KH Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, College of Public Health and Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, - - 2014
Articles in the literature describing the association between body composition and osteoporosis in subjects with poliomyelitis are scarce. To assess the relationship between body composition and femoral neck osteoporosis or osteopenia in adults with previous polio. After excluding postmenopausal women, 44 polio (mean age ± standard deviation, 46.1 ± 3.3 years) and 44 able-bodied ...
Valente-Dos-Santos João J Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Coimbra , Coimbra , Portugal - - 2014
Abstract Background: Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is routinely scaled as mL O2 per kilogram body mass despite theoretical and statistical limitations of using ratios. Aim: To examine the contribution of maturity status and body size descriptors to age-associated inter-individual variability in VO2peak and to present static allometric models to normalize ...
Zogg Stefanie S From the Medical University Clinic (Ms Zogg, Ms Dürr, Ms Maier, and Dr Leuppi), Cantonal Hospital Baselland, Rheinstrasse, Liestal; Institute of Human Movement Sciences and Sport (Ms Zogg, Ms Dürr, and Dr Tomatis), ETH Zurich, Rämistrasse; Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Dr Uehli), Socinstrasse; Medical Faculty (Drs Miedinger and Leuppi), University of Basel, Petersplatz; and Swiss National Accident Insurance Institution (Drs Uehli and Miedinger), Fluhmattstrasse, Lucerne, - - 2014
With respect to the overweight epidemic, this study aimed to investigate the association between domain-specific physical activity and body composition measures in Swiss male employees. A total of 192 healthy male adults in full-time employment were investigated. Height, weight, and waist circumference were measured and body mass index was calculated. ...
Eric O Umeh - - 2014
Long standing hypertension may result in thickening of arterial walls and is reportedly strongly correlated with body mass index (BMI). B-mode ultrasound is a reproducible method for evaluating adaptive vascular changes. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between body mass index and ultrasound measured carotid intima-media ...
Jang Jung-Hoon JH School of Sports and Leisure Studies, Korea University, Sejong, - - 2014
There are many studies showing that physical training improves body composition including bone mineral density (BMD) in almost all subjects. However, the frequency-dependent effect of playing golf on body composition is still not clearly comprehended. Moreover, the effect of screen golf in relations with exercise-frequency on body composition and golf ...
Migliaccio Silvia - - 2014
Abstract Aged individuals continue to increase in number, and it is important to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms of age-related changes in order to develop interventions that could contribute to "successful aging". Metabolic and hormonal factors, age-related changes in body composition, and a decline in physical activity are all involved in ...
Dinas Petros C PC FAME Laboratory, Department of Exercise Science, University of Thessaly, Trikala, - - 2014
Augmented brown adipose tissue (BAT) mass and activity leads to higher basic metabolic rate which is beneficial against obesity. Our aim was to investigate whether habitual (i.e., usual weekly participation) physical activity is linked with BAT activity and mass in humans, in a group of patients undergoing (18) F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron ...
Kang D H DH Department of Endocrinology, Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong University, No. 16766 Jingshi Road, Jinan, 250014, China, - - 2014
With impressive economic development, obesity has emerged as a critical public health issue in China. Recently it was reported that obesity has taken an adverse effect on osteoporosis. Because there is different body mass index (BMI) for obesity globally, studies based on BMI levels on association of obesity with osteoporosis ...
D'Anza Brian B Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Facial Plastic Surgery, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, - - 2014
To determine the relationship between body mass index along with other anthropomorphic variables as they relate to tracheal airway dimensions. Retrospective case series. This was a radiographic study of 123 consecutive hospitalized patients undergoing tracheotomy over a 4-year period (2007-2011). We measured airway dimensions in axial computed tomography imaging and ...
Burton Richard F RF School of Life Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow , Glasgow , - - 2014
Abstract Background: The Rohrer Index and the ratio of sitting height (SH) to height fall similarly with growth in early childhood, then level off and rise slightly towards adulthood. In adults the BMI correlates with SH/height. The mean cross-sectional areas of the legs of adults are correlated positively with upper ...
Tak Young Jin YJ Department of Family Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Republic of Korea; Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Republic of - - 2014
Low level of vitamin D has been suggested as a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, little is known about the effect of vitamin D on renal function in healthy subjects. Our aim was to investigate the question of whether vitamin D status is associated with renal function ...
Siervo Mario M 1Human Nutrition Research Centre,Institute of Cellular Medicine,Newcastle University,Campus of Ageing and Vitality,Newcastle upon Tyne NE4 - - 2014
Fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) are frequently measured to define body composition phenotypes. The load-capacity model integrates the effects of both FM and FFM to improve disease-risk prediction. We aimed to derive age-, gender- and BMI-specific reference curves of load-capacity model indices in an adult population (≥18 years). ...
Waldron Mark M 1Department of Exercise and Sport Science, School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2350 2Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Chester, Parkgate Road, Chester, CH1 - - 2014
This study investigated changes in anthropometry and performance, and their inter-relationships, across three consecutive seasons (under-15 to under-17 age group) in elite youth rugby league players. Each player took part in annual anthropometrical and performance assessments, comprising measurements of stature; body mass; limb lengths and circumference; skinfolds, predicted muscle cross-sectional ...
Zhu Wen-Wen WW College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an, China; College of Animal Sciences and Technology, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, - - 2014
Body mass plays an important role in primate positional behavior and in sexually dimorphic arboreal primate species may influence how immature and adult individuals travel through the forest canopy and access food resources. In this study, we examined age- and sex-based patterns of positional behavior and substrate utilization in wild ...
Jassal Simerjot K SK Primary Care Service, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California; Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether a previously developed and externally validated equation using common variables (demographics and weight) that are important determinants of muscle mass to estimate 24-hour urine creatinine excretion rate (eCER) is associated with muscle mass and whether spot urine creatinine (UCr) provides similar estimates of muscle mass. Observational cross-sectional ...
Duarte Gleison Vieira GV Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, BA, - - 2014
In the absence of ideal biomarkers, the research for clinical markers correlated to the severity of psoriasis and/or its comorbidities becomes crucial. Recently, studies have shown positive correlation between body mass index and prevalence and severity of psoriasis. Abdominal circumference showed stronger correlation with disease severity than body mass index. ...
Minghelli Beatriz - - 2014
This study compared the criteria or classification of Body Mass Index (BMI) by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) and World Health Organization (WHO) references and by waist circumference (WC). The sample involved 966 students aged 10 to 16 years. The evaluation of weight ...
Starkey Leighann L The Graduate Center, City University of New York, New York, USA, - - 2014
Many studies link childhood socioeconomic status (SES) to body mass index (BMI), but few account for the impact of socioeconomic mobility throughout the lifespan. This study aims to investigate the impact of socioeconomic mobility on changes in BMI in childhood. Analyses tested whether [1] socioeconomic status influences BMI, [2] changes ...
Schlaudecker Jeffrey J Office of Geriatric Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, - - 2014
The available evidence suggests that immunosenescence induces organismal proinflammatory responses. The chronic inflammation seen in advancing age stratifies persons into aging phenotypes. Even with adjustment for confounders, elevated inflammatory cytokines significantly decrease the odds of successful aging. This chronic inflammation seen in advancing age has varied causes, including comorbid illness, ...
García Martínez Josue J 1Research Center for High Performance Sport - UCAM, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, España 2Departamento de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte, Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte - UCAM, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, España 3Universidad de Vigo. Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación y del Deporte, Pontevedra, España. 4Universidad de Alcalá de Henares. Estudios en Ciencias del Deporte. Facultad de Medicina, Madrid, España 5Department of Physical Education, University of Murcia, Faculty of Sport Science, Murcia, España. 6Discipline of Exercise, Health and Performance, The University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
This study was conducted with the following aims: 1) to describe the effect of playing position on anthropometrics and throwing velocity in elite female water polo players, and 2) to observe any relationships between anthropometric parameters and throwing velocity. To achieve these aims, we analyzed a total of 46 female ...
Yousefi Azarfam Ali Akbar AA Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Sıhhiye, 06230 Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The relationship of body mass index (BMI) with footprint parameters has been studied in paediatric populations, but there are limited data regarding the effects of BMI on parameters in the elderly. To establish the relationship between BMI and static footprint parameters in the elderly population. 128 subjects aged 65 and ...
Camina Martín María Alicia MA Area of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad de Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2015
Although dementia and nutritional status have been shown to be strongly associated, differences in body composition (BC) among older people with dementia have not yet been firmly established. The aim of this study was to assess BC through conventional and vector bioimpedance analysis (BIA and BIVA, respectively) in a sample ...
El Hage Rawad - - 2014
The main aim of this study was to explore the relationship between fat mass index and hip bone mineral density in a group of Lebanese adolescents and young adults. 91 females and 111 males (aged 13 to 30) participated in this study. Body composition (lean mass, fat mass and bone ...
Almac Emre E Department of Translational Physiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, St Antonius Hospital Nieuwegein, Nieuwegein, the - - 2014
In this study we investigated whether storage of red blood cells (RBCs) leads to alterations in nitrite reductase activity, hence in altered hypoxia-induced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and methemoglobin formation. Hypoxia-induced NO bioavailability and methemoglobin formation were measured in vitro after nitrite administration to fresh (<1 week of storage) and ...
Un Ozge O Department of Pharmacology - - 2014
Abstract Aging is associated with erectile dysfunction (ED), in which nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity and NO bioavailability are reduced due to deficiencies of NOS cofactor (tetrahydrobiopterin, BH4) and substrate (l-arginine). We determined whether the prolonged treatment with sodium nitrite (NaNO2) as a storage form of NO ameliorates ED in ...
Barbosa D Tq DT Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, - - 2014
PurposeTo determine the association of hydroxymethylglutarylcoenzyme A (HMG Co-A) reductase inhibitor (statin) use with the prevalence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD).MethodsThis cross-sectional study included 5604 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2005 to 2008, ≥40 years of age, who were ascertained with regard to the ...
Sindler Amy L AL 1University of Colorado - - 2014
Aging is the major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This is attributable primarily to adverse changes in arteries, notably increases in large elastic artery stiffness and endothelial dysfunction mediated by inadequate concentrations of the vascular-protective molecule, nitric oxide (NO), and higher levels of oxidative stress and inflammation. Inorganic nitrite ...
Fan Qian Q Department of Cardiology, Beijing An Zhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Disease, Beijing 100029, - - 2014
Nitrates are the most frequently prescribed and utilized drugs worldwide. The elderly are a major population receiving nitrate therapy. Both nitrates and aging can increase in vivo reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). To date, the effects of aging upon nitrate-induced ROS/RNS alteration are unknown. The present ...
Rammos Christos C 0000-0003-3468-9945 Division of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Vascular Medicine, Medical Faculty, University Hospital Düsseldorf, Moorenstraß 5, 40225 Düsseldorf, - - 2014
Aging increases the risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Chronic low-grade inflammation deteriorates vascular function, increases age-related vascular stiffness, and affects hemodynamics. The proinflammatory cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a major mediator of atherosclerosis. Plasma MIF levels are associated with arterial stiffness, a hallmark of vascular aging. Preclinical ...
Olczak-Kowalczyk Dorota D Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of long-term partial parenteral nutrition and its complications on malocclusion in children and adolescents. The assessment involved 61 patients (2.25 to16 years of age) without a masticatory parafunction - i.e. 31 subjects receiving parenteral nutrition for a mean period of 5.71±2.87 years, and 30 healthy control ...
Nikolic Slobodan - - 2014
This study aims to analyze body composition in adult male football players and its changes during adulthood. Adult male football players (n = 942, mean age 24.11 +/- 4.69 y), all members of national competitive clubs from Macedonia were included in the study. The absolute and the relative body components ...
Sabo Roy T RT Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, United States of - - 2014
To determine whether childhood body size, composition and blood pressure are associated with adult cardiac structure by estimating childhood "age of divergence." 385 female and 312 male participants in the Fels Longitudinal Study had echocardiographic measurements of left ventricular mass, relative wall thickness, and interventricular septal thickness. Also available were ...
Poolprasert Pisit P Faculty of Science and Technology, Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University, Phitsanulok, 65000, Thailand.; Email: - - 2014
Four new species of webspinners in the genus Ptilocerembia Friederichs (Ptilocerembiidae) are described including Ptilocerembia thaidina sp. n., P. senathami sp. n., P. catherinae sp. n. and P.  rossi sp. n. . from Thailand. Illustrations of heads, genitalia and papilla of adult males, sternite pattern of adult females together with ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >