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Burton Richard F RF School of Life Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow , Glasgow , - - 2014
Abstract Background: The Rohrer Index and the ratio of sitting height (SH) to height fall similarly with growth in early childhood, then level off and rise slightly towards adulthood. In adults the BMI correlates with SH/height. The mean cross-sectional areas of the legs of adults are correlated positively with upper ...
Siervo Mario M 1Human Nutrition Research Centre,Institute of Cellular Medicine,Newcastle University,Campus of Ageing and Vitality,Newcastle upon Tyne NE4 - - 2014
Fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) are frequently measured to define body composition phenotypes. The load-capacity model integrates the effects of both FM and FFM to improve disease-risk prediction. We aimed to derive age-, gender- and BMI-specific reference curves of load-capacity model indices in an adult population (≥18 years). ...
Waldron Mark M 1Department of Exercise and Sport Science, School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2350 2Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Chester, Parkgate Road, Chester, CH1 - - 2014
This study investigated changes in anthropometry and performance, and their inter-relationships, across three consecutive seasons (under-15 to under-17 age group) in elite youth rugby league players. Each player took part in annual anthropometrical and performance assessments, comprising measurements of stature; body mass; limb lengths and circumference; skinfolds, predicted muscle cross-sectional ...
Zhu Wen-Wen WW College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an, China; College of Animal Sciences and Technology, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, - - 2014
Body mass plays an important role in primate positional behavior and in sexually dimorphic arboreal primate species may influence how immature and adult individuals travel through the forest canopy and access food resources. In this study, we examined age- and sex-based patterns of positional behavior and substrate utilization in wild ...
Jassal Simerjot K SK Primary Care Service, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California; Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether a previously developed and externally validated equation using common variables (demographics and weight) that are important determinants of muscle mass to estimate 24-hour urine creatinine excretion rate (eCER) is associated with muscle mass and whether spot urine creatinine (UCr) provides similar estimates of muscle mass. Observational cross-sectional ...
Duarte Gleison Vieira GV Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, BA, - - 2014
In the absence of ideal biomarkers, the research for clinical markers correlated to the severity of psoriasis and/or its comorbidities becomes crucial. Recently, studies have shown positive correlation between body mass index and prevalence and severity of psoriasis. Abdominal circumference showed stronger correlation with disease severity than body mass index. ...
Starkey Leighann L The Graduate Center, City University of New York, New York, USA, - - 2014
Many studies link childhood socioeconomic status (SES) to body mass index (BMI), but few account for the impact of socioeconomic mobility throughout the lifespan. This study aims to investigate the impact of socioeconomic mobility on changes in BMI in childhood. Analyses tested whether [1] socioeconomic status influences BMI, [2] changes ...
Schlaudecker Jeffrey J Office of Geriatric Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, - - 2014
The available evidence suggests that immunosenescence induces organismal proinflammatory responses. The chronic inflammation seen in advancing age stratifies persons into aging phenotypes. Even with adjustment for confounders, elevated inflammatory cytokines significantly decrease the odds of successful aging. This chronic inflammation seen in advancing age has varied causes, including comorbid illness, ...
García Martínez Josue J 1Research Center for High Performance Sport - UCAM, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, España 2Departamento de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte, Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte - UCAM, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, España 3Universidad de Vigo. Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación y del Deporte, Pontevedra, España. 4Universidad de Alcalá de Henares. Estudios en Ciencias del Deporte. Facultad de Medicina, Madrid, España 5Department of Physical Education, University of Murcia, Faculty of Sport Science, Murcia, España. 6Discipline of Exercise, Health and Performance, The University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
This study was conducted with the following aims: 1) to describe the effect of playing position on anthropometrics and throwing velocity in elite female water polo players, and 2) to observe any relationships between anthropometric parameters and throwing velocity. To achieve these aims, we analyzed a total of 46 female ...
Almac Emre E Department of Translational Physiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, St Antonius Hospital Nieuwegein, Nieuwegein, the - - 2014
In this study we investigated whether storage of red blood cells (RBCs) leads to alterations in nitrite reductase activity, hence in altered hypoxia-induced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and methemoglobin formation. Hypoxia-induced NO bioavailability and methemoglobin formation were measured in vitro after nitrite administration to fresh (<1 week of storage) and ...
Un Ozge O Department of Pharmacology - - 2014
Abstract Aging is associated with erectile dysfunction (ED), in which nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity and NO bioavailability are reduced due to deficiencies of NOS cofactor (tetrahydrobiopterin, BH4) and substrate (l-arginine). We determined whether the prolonged treatment with sodium nitrite (NaNO2) as a storage form of NO ameliorates ED in ...
Barbosa D Tq DT Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, - - 2014
PurposeTo determine the association of hydroxymethylglutarylcoenzyme A (HMG Co-A) reductase inhibitor (statin) use with the prevalence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD).MethodsThis cross-sectional study included 5604 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2005 to 2008, ≥40 years of age, who were ascertained with regard to the ...
Sindler Amy L AL 1University of Colorado - - 2014
Aging is the major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This is attributable primarily to adverse changes in arteries, notably increases in large elastic artery stiffness and endothelial dysfunction mediated by inadequate concentrations of the vascular-protective molecule, nitric oxide (NO), and higher levels of oxidative stress and inflammation. Inorganic nitrite ...
Fan Qian Q Department of Cardiology, Beijing An Zhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Disease, Beijing 100029, - - 2014
Nitrates are the most frequently prescribed and utilized drugs worldwide. The elderly are a major population receiving nitrate therapy. Both nitrates and aging can increase in vivo reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). To date, the effects of aging upon nitrate-induced ROS/RNS alteration are unknown. The present ...
Rammos Christos C 0000-0003-3468-9945 Division of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Vascular Medicine, Medical Faculty, University Hospital Düsseldorf, Moorenstraß 5, 40225 Düsseldorf, - - 2014
Aging increases the risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Chronic low-grade inflammation deteriorates vascular function, increases age-related vascular stiffness, and affects hemodynamics. The proinflammatory cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a major mediator of atherosclerosis. Plasma MIF levels are associated with arterial stiffness, a hallmark of vascular aging. Preclinical ...
Olczak-Kowalczyk Dorota D Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of long-term partial parenteral nutrition and its complications on malocclusion in children and adolescents. The assessment involved 61 patients (2.25 to16 years of age) without a masticatory parafunction - i.e. 31 subjects receiving parenteral nutrition for a mean period of 5.71±2.87 years, and 30 healthy control ...
Nikolic Slobodan - - 2014
This study aims to analyze body composition in adult male football players and its changes during adulthood. Adult male football players (n = 942, mean age 24.11 +/- 4.69 y), all members of national competitive clubs from Macedonia were included in the study. The absolute and the relative body components ...
Sabo Roy T RT Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, United States of - - 2014
To determine whether childhood body size, composition and blood pressure are associated with adult cardiac structure by estimating childhood "age of divergence." 385 female and 312 male participants in the Fels Longitudinal Study had echocardiographic measurements of left ventricular mass, relative wall thickness, and interventricular septal thickness. Also available were ...
Wang Ke - - 2013
The age-related loss of antioxidant defense reduces recovery from myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MI/R) in aged people. Our previous data showed inactivation of thioredoxin (Trx) was involved in enhanced aging MI/R injury. Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), the enzyme known to regulate Trx, is less efficient with age. Current study determined why TrxR ...
Barral Yves Y is at the Institute of Biochemistry , ETH Zurich, Zurich , Switzerland - - 2013
Sudden changes in the level of a coenzyme called NADPH might be the underlying cause of aging in cells.
Schlich Karsten - - 2012
The widespread use of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs), for example, in textiles and cleaning products, means that they are likely to reach the environment via biosolids or the effluent from wastewater treatment plants. The aim of the present study was to determine the ecotoxicity of Ag-NPs in the earthworm reproduction test ...
Mayor Pedro - - 2012
Functional morphology of the reproductive organs is a key component for the better understanding of reproductive patterns as well to maximize reproductive efficiency and to develop assisted breeding techniques adapted to wildlife. This study examined anatomical and histological characteristics of genital organs of 60 Poeppig's woolly monkey females in the ...
Esteller-Vico A - - 2012
Vascular degeneration is present in endometrial vessels of multiparous aged mares. The lesions associated with vascular degeneration consist of enlargement, duplication and splitting of the membrana elastica interna and perivascular deposits of elastin. However, there are no similar data available for deep myometrial vessels and the vascular layer. The objectives ...
Maddens Bert - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Despite extensive research, the mortality rate of patients with sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is unacceptably high, especially in the elderly. Current sepsis models have difficulties in reproducing AKI. This study aimed to develop a novel, clinically relevant mouse model for sepsis-induced AKI by uterine ligation and inoculation of ...
Stang Andreas - - 2012
PURPOSE: Few studies have examined the age-specific use of hysterectomy by indication. The aim of this study was to provide detailed nationwide age-specific prevalence-corrected hysterectomy rates for several indications in Germany, representing a population of 42 million women. METHODS: Nationwide population-based diagnosis related group data of the years 2005 and 2006 ...
Aresu Luca - - 2012
Equine endometriosis is a multifactorial disease considered to be a major cause of equine infertility. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of histomorphological grading for biopsy-like samples compared to entire uterine wall samples, to examine the association between the degree of endometriosis with animal age, and ...
Arrowsmith Sarah - - 2012
Much has been written about the effects of aging on reproductive function, especially female fertility. Much less is known about how aging may affect the contractility of the smooth muscle within the uterus, the myometrium. The myometrium is active through a woman's entire life, not just during pregnancy. Here we ...
Haas Dietmar - - 2012
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to examine the age distribution among women suffering from endometriosis and to establish that endometriosis is not a disease that occurs only in premenopausal women. The null hypothesis was that there are also postmenopausal women with endometriosis. METHODS: In a retrospective epidemiological study, ...
Gonzalez-Rodilla I - - 2012
Advanced age is associated with a significantly worse prognosis of endometrial carcinoma patients. The aim of this study was to test whether age is a poor-risk factor in endometrial carcinoma because tumors arising in older patients are biologically different from those diagnosed in patients of an earlier age. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded ...
Woodward E M - - 2012
The objectives were to: (1) investigate the associations of age and endometrial biopsy score with uterine fluid retention after insemination; and (2) determine if a strict classification of susceptibility to persistent breeding-induced endometritis (PBIE) based on biopsy score, endometrial cytology, and fluid retention after inseminations, is consistent over subsequent breeding ...
McGee Mathew D - - 2012
The C. elegans germline and somatic gonad are actively developing until the animal reaches adulthood, and then continue to undergo striking changes as the animal ages. Reported changes include a depletion of available sperm, a decrease in oocyte quality up till mid-life, a reduction in germline nuclei, a decrease in ...
Viganò P - - 2012
BACKGROUNDEndometriosis has been associated with specific morphometric characteristics and pigmentary traits. The purpose of this study was to systematically review prior publications dealing with this aspect in order to revisit phenotypic information in the context of phenomics principles.METHODSComprehensive searches of Pubmed, Medline and Embase were conducted to identify studies, published ...
Gomes Barbara - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Increased attention is being paid to the place where people die with a view to providing choice and adequately planning care for terminally ill patients. Secular trends towards an institutionalised dying have been reported in Britain and other developed world regions. AIM: This study aimed to examine British national ...
Laribi Said - - 2012
AIMS: Little is known regarding temporal trends in mortality attributed to heart failure (HF) from a population perspective. The aim of this study was to assess the mortality related to HF as an underlying cause during the last 20 years in seven European countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: The number of ...
Ersen Atilla - - 2012
To investigate uterine and ovarian ultrasonography in healthy girls and establish reliable cut-off limits in the Turkish population. The study was performed on 90 girls between 6 and 16 years of age with bone age, hormonal evaluation and pelvic ultrasounds. Total uterine length (TUL), anteroposterior diameters of corpus (COAP), anteroposterior ...
Laun Peter - - 2012
A concerted balance between proliferation and apoptosis is essential to the survival of multicellular organisms. Thus, apoptosis per se, although it is a destructive process leading to the death of single cells, also serves as a pro-survival mechanismpro-survival mechanism that ensures healthy organismal development and acts as a life-prolonging or ...
Chowell Gerardo - - 2012
To quantify age-specific excess-mortality rates and transmissibility patterns for the 1918-20 influenza pandemic in Boyacá, Colombia, we reviewed archival mortality records. We identified a severe pandemic wave during October 1918-January1919 associated with 40 excess deaths per 10,000 population. The age profile for excess deaths was W shaped; highest mortality rates ...
Zhang Hong Mei - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to determine the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) apoptosis in coke oven workers so that we can take effective measures to protect coke oven workers. The subjects, 129 coke oven workers and 37 warehouse workers (controls), were investigated using a questionnaire to collect ...
Hwang In Koo - - 2011
The activation of caspase-3 is considered to be a reliable marker for apoptotic cell death, and a 120-kDa fragment of αII-spectrin is generated by caspase-3 mediated cleavage of this structural protein. In the present study, we compared cleaved αII-spectrin (120-kDa) and cleaved caspase-3-immunoreactive cells and their protein levels in the ...
Chan Chang-Chuan - - 2011
This study aims to assess the association between Asian dust storms (ADS) and daily mortality in Taipei, Taiwan. A time-stratified case-crossover design was used to investigate the effects of ADS on mortality. Odds ratios (ORs) of total non-accidental (ICD-9 <800), cardiovascular (ICD-9 390-459, 785), and respiratory deaths (ICD-9 460-519, 786) ...
Ruedl Gerhard - - 2011
BACKGROUND.-: While the mean injury rate from snow sports in Austria is low (less than 2 injuries per 1000 skier days), there is little information about fatalities on Austrian ski slopes. OBJECTIVE.-: The purpose of this study was to evaluate incidence and causes of fatalities among recreational skiers and snowboarders ...
Charu Vivek - - 2011
The mortality burden of the 2009 A/H1N1 influenza pandemic remains controversial, in part because of delays in reporting of vital statistics that are traditionally used to measure influenza-related excess mortality. Here, we compare excess mortality rates and years of life lost (YLL) for pandemic and seasonal influenza in Mexico and ...
Reid David W - - 2011
To assess mortality trends among people with cystic fibrosis (CF) in Australia. We augmented Australian summary data for deaths from CF registered during 1979-2005 with information from Australian transplant centres on lung transplantation among CF patients for 1989-2005 to allow us to follow trends in all "mortality events" (death or lung transplantation). ...
Alian S - - 2011
The declining incidence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection in the Islamic Republic of Iran may be reducing the population's natural immunity. This was the first systemized, population-based survey of the seroprevalence of HAV antibodies in urban and rural inhabitants of Sari, Mazandaran province. Serum from 1034 individuals aged 1-25 ...
Al-Ajlan A - - 2011
This study determined the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HB(s)Ag) and antibody to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) among students at health colleges in Saudi Arabia from 2000 to 2007. Data were obtained from student records. A total of 16 570 (9852 male and 6718 female) students were included. Their ...
Ahmad Fazlina F Department of Medicine, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, - - 2011
To determine the seroprevalence of anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) and to justify the need for hepatitis A vaccination. Patients (n = 119) were enrolled between July and September 2009. The diagnosis of CLD was based on the presence of viral markers for ...
Eckart Robert E - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to define the incidence and characterization of cardiovascular cause of sudden death in the young. The epidemiology of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young adults is based on small studies and uncontrolled observations. Identifying causes of sudden death in this population is important for ...
Junuzovic Mensura - - 2011
This study examined all unintentional firearm fatalities while hunting that occurred in Sweden between 1983 through 2008. The circumstances as well as the impact of the hunter's exam on fatality frequency were analysed. During these 26 years, there were 48 such fatalities, representing 53% of all (n=90) unintentional firearm deaths ...
Jin Yu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is one of the leading causes of death in children worldwide. Human bocavirus 2 (HBoV2) was recently identified in stool samples and is involved in the pathogenesis of AGE, but the current data were too limited to clarify this issue. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a case-control study ...
Deng Tao - - 2011
Ice Age megafauna have long been known to be associated with global cooling during the Pleistocene, and their adaptations to cold environments, such as large body size, long hair, and snow-sweeping structures, are best exemplified by the woolly mammoths and woolly rhinos. These traits were assumed to have evolved as ...
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