Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1030
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Zhang Hong Mei - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to determine the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) apoptosis in coke oven workers so that we can take effective measures to protect coke oven workers. The subjects, 129 coke oven workers and 37 warehouse workers (controls), were investigated using a questionnaire to collect ...
Hwang In Koo - - 2011
The activation of caspase-3 is considered to be a reliable marker for apoptotic cell death, and a 120-kDa fragment of αII-spectrin is generated by caspase-3 mediated cleavage of this structural protein. In the present study, we compared cleaved αII-spectrin (120-kDa) and cleaved caspase-3-immunoreactive cells and their protein levels in the ...
Chan Chang-Chuan - - 2011
This study aims to assess the association between Asian dust storms (ADS) and daily mortality in Taipei, Taiwan. A time-stratified case-crossover design was used to investigate the effects of ADS on mortality. Odds ratios (ORs) of total non-accidental (ICD-9 <800), cardiovascular (ICD-9 390-459, 785), and respiratory deaths (ICD-9 460-519, 786) ...
Ruedl Gerhard - - 2011
BACKGROUND.-: While the mean injury rate from snow sports in Austria is low (less than 2 injuries per 1000 skier days), there is little information about fatalities on Austrian ski slopes. OBJECTIVE.-: The purpose of this study was to evaluate incidence and causes of fatalities among recreational skiers and snowboarders ...
Charu Vivek - - 2011
The mortality burden of the 2009 A/H1N1 influenza pandemic remains controversial, in part because of delays in reporting of vital statistics that are traditionally used to measure influenza-related excess mortality. Here, we compare excess mortality rates and years of life lost (YLL) for pandemic and seasonal influenza in Mexico and ...
Reid David W - - 2011
To assess mortality trends among people with cystic fibrosis (CF) in Australia. We augmented Australian summary data for deaths from CF registered during 1979-2005 with information from Australian transplant centres on lung transplantation among CF patients for 1989-2005 to allow us to follow trends in all "mortality events" (death or lung transplantation). ...
Alian S - - 2011
The declining incidence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection in the Islamic Republic of Iran may be reducing the population's natural immunity. This was the first systemized, population-based survey of the seroprevalence of HAV antibodies in urban and rural inhabitants of Sari, Mazandaran province. Serum from 1034 individuals aged 1-25 ...
Al-Ajlan A - - 2011
This study determined the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HB(s)Ag) and antibody to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) among students at health colleges in Saudi Arabia from 2000 to 2007. Data were obtained from student records. A total of 16 570 (9852 male and 6718 female) students were included. Their ...
Ahmad Fazlina F Department of Medicine, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, - - 2011
To determine the seroprevalence of anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) and to justify the need for hepatitis A vaccination. Patients (n = 119) were enrolled between July and September 2009. The diagnosis of CLD was based on the presence of viral markers for ...
Eckart Robert E - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to define the incidence and characterization of cardiovascular cause of sudden death in the young. The epidemiology of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young adults is based on small studies and uncontrolled observations. Identifying causes of sudden death in this population is important for ...
Junuzovic Mensura - - 2011
This study examined all unintentional firearm fatalities while hunting that occurred in Sweden between 1983 through 2008. The circumstances as well as the impact of the hunter's exam on fatality frequency were analysed. During these 26 years, there were 48 such fatalities, representing 53% of all (n=90) unintentional firearm deaths ...
Jin Yu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is one of the leading causes of death in children worldwide. Human bocavirus 2 (HBoV2) was recently identified in stool samples and is involved in the pathogenesis of AGE, but the current data were too limited to clarify this issue. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a case-control study ...
Deng Tao - - 2011
Ice Age megafauna have long been known to be associated with global cooling during the Pleistocene, and their adaptations to cold environments, such as large body size, long hair, and snow-sweeping structures, are best exemplified by the woolly mammoths and woolly rhinos. These traits were assumed to have evolved as ...
Dearn Liz - - 2011
In June 2007 there were 210 people under 50 years of age living in residential aged care in Victoria, Australia, most of whom had acquired brain injuries. There are an average of 21 deaths per year in this group yet very little is known about the causes of such deaths. ...
Halamandaris Val J - - 2011
There is great honor in being the first hospice in America. This distinction belongs to The Connecticut Hospice (TCH) of Branford, Connecticut. This commendable organization was born in 1974, only two years after Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, M.D. testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Aging at the first Congressional hearings on ...
Cuong Hoang Quoc - - 2011
An estimated 2.4 billion people live in areas at risk of dengue transmission, therefore the factors determining the establishment of endemic dengue in areas where transmission suitability is marginal is of considerable importance. Hanoi, Vietnam is such an area, and following a large dengue outbreak in 2009, we set out ...
Viscidi Raphael P RP Department of Pediatrics, the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Blalock 1153, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. - - 2011
We produced capsids of Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) in a baculovirus expression system and developed a virus-like particle (VLP) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). To determine age-specific seroprevalence, serum samples were collected from 947 individuals attending hospital outpatient clinics and ranging in age from 1 to 93 years. To evaluate the ...
Vapattanawong Patama - - 2011
To estimate the magnitude of under-registration of deaths, by age and sex, in Thailand. THE DATA IN THIS STUDY WERE DERIVED FROM TWO SOURCES: the Thai Survey of Population Changes (SPC) 2005-2006, a consecutive multi-round household survey conducted over a 12-month period, and Thailand's vital registration records. SPC death entries ...
Mahali Sidharth - - 2011
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) accumulate in diabetic patients due to high blood glucose levels and cause multiple deleterious effects. In this study, we provide evidence that the AGE increased cell death, one such deleterious effect. Methyl glyoxal-coupled human serum albumin (AGE-HSA) induced transcription factors such as NF-κB, NF-AT, and ...
Polednak Anthony P - - 2011
Background: Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are classified as neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) Version 10 and can contribute to risk of death from complications (especially thrombosis). Methods: U.S age-standardized death rates using ICD-Version 10 codes relevant to classical MPN (i.e., polycythemia vera, essential ...
Hoyert Donna L - - 2011
KEY FINDINGS: Data from the National Vital Statistics System, Mortality The percentage of deaths for which an autopsy was performed declined more than 50 percent from 1972 through 2007, from 19.3 percent to 8.5 percent. External causes accounted for 9 of the 10 most frequently autopsied causes of death. The ...
Doraiswami Saraswathi - - 2011
Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is the commonest presenting symptom in gynaecology out-patient department. Endometrial sampling could be effectively used as the first diagnostic step in AUB, although at times, its interpretation could be quite challenging to the practicing pathologists. This study was done to evaluate histopathology of endometrium for identifying ...
Cardoso Ivana Macedo - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The article describes the epidemiologic profile of dengue cases in Vitória, the capital of Espírito Santo, Brazil, from 2000 to 2009, aimed at identifying risk groups regarding the incidence and severity of the disease. METHODS: Confirmed cases of dengue among city residents during ten years were classified as dengue ...
Kurugol Zafer - - 2011
The seroprevalence study was conducted in order to determine the current seroepidemiology hepatitis A in Izmir, Turkey and to evaluate the epidemiological shift in HAV serostatus. Blood samples collected from 595 subjects aged 1-60 years were analyzed for anti-HAV IgG antibodies. The current study results were compared with those of ...
Molina M - - 2011
To examine the seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) among Hispanics in the USA, we used the cross-sectional, nationally representative National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to compare the seroprevalence of HSV-2 between Hispanic persons of Mexican heritage and non-Mexican heritage aged 14-44 years, from survey years 2007-2008. ...
Leavy Stanley A - - 2011
A long-retired psychoanalyst considers his old age and bereavement and the brief span of life remaining. The greater imminence of death now than at any earlier time in life calls for more than currently available satisfactions, however rewarding they may be. Seeing life as a whole is now a possibility, ...
Yavuz Cavit Işık - - 2011
This study aimed to examine the extent of death and injuries among the 0-17 years of age group recorded in the official road traffic injury statistics. This is a record-based study covering a 5-year-period (2003-2007) using the annual records of national road traffic injury statistics in Turkey. The 0-17 age ...
Cockrill Jennifer A - - 2011
Overall annual incidence rates of herpes zoster (shingles) among U.S. military members increased steadily from 2000 (1.40 per 1,000 person-years) to 2010 (2.38 per 1,000 person-years). Incidence rates were higher among females than males and increased with age. Higher rates during the summer than other seasons may be explained by ...
Vilibic-Cavlek Tatjana - - 2011
Abstract Background: Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections are caused by 2 types of virus, HSV-1 and HSV-2. Both viruses are endemic worldwide. There are marked variations in the seroprevalences of HSV-1 and HSV-2 in Europe. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of HSV infections in Croatia. ...
Thomas Mathew - - 2011
Background: Sudden deaths of young competitive athletes are highly visible events that have a substantial effect on families and communities. Recent attention has focused predominantly on cardiovascular causes, and less on traumatic organ damage. Objective: To define the clinical profile, epidemiology, and frequency of trauma-related deaths in young US athletes. ...
Delgermaa Vanya - - 2011
To carry out a descriptive analysis of mesothelioma deaths reported worldwide between 1994 and 2008. We extracted data on mesothelioma deaths reported to the World Health Organization mortality database since 1994, when the disease was first recorded. We also sought information from other English-language sources. Crude and age-adjusted mortality rates ...
Gorzoni Milton Luiz - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To define the causes of death in a nursing home population. METHODS: The study selected a 508-bed nursing home with standard medical records, regular meetings concerning death certificates and 12 medical doctors in charge of supervising or issuing death certificates. The procedure standard (2006 death certificates) was considered consistent ...
Meisler R - - 2011
Trauma death has traditionally been described as primarily occurring in young men exposed to penetrating trauma or road traffic accidents. The epidemiology of trauma fatalities in Europe may change as a result of the increasing proportion of elderly patients. The goal of this study was to describe age-related differences in ...
Kristensen Petter - - 2012
Road traffic injury is a major cause of death among youths. To estimate mortality differences in family socioeconomic position (SEP) and municipal disadvantage level. Data on all Norwegians born in 1967-76, gathered from national registries, were linked by a unique national identification number. The 611 654 participants were followed-up for 5 ...
Lee Hyunju - - 2011
This study aimed to assess the immune status of the Korean population against hepatitis A virus (HAV). Residual serum samples from 2008 to 2010 were collected from diagnostic laboratories and a total of 1,872 samples were analyzed. Anti-HAV seroprevalence was 57.3% in subjects aged 1-4 yr, 69.8% at 5-9 yr ...
Kumar A G Vijay - - 2011
The young are the most common victims of trauma and trauma is the leading cause of death in the first four decades of life. Injury accounts for more than 50% of deaths in children and is the third leading cause of death after cancer and atherosclerosis in all age groups. ...
Zhang Wenyi - - 2011
Two concepts are often currently applied to selenium in adult men in the United States: In contrast to these concepts, 30 healthy middle-aged men were studied to test the following hypothesis: 6-week supplementation of 200 μg of selenium as glycinate can raise activities of 2 blood selenium enzymes and lower ...
White Jessica A - - 2011
Rhesus rhadinovirus (RRV) and retroperitoneal fibromatosis herpesvirus (RFHV), 2 closely related γ2 herpesviruses, are endemic in breeding populations of rhesus macaques at our institution. We previously reported significantly different prevalence levels, suggesting the transmission dynamics of RRV and RFHV differ with regard to viral shedding and infectivity. We designed a ...
El-Sheikh Mona M Human Development and Family Studies, 203 Spidle Hall,Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849-5214, USA. - - 2011
Trajectories of delinquency symptoms across middle and late childhood were examined through latent growth modeling, with a focus on the role of interactions among parental marital conflict, child sex, and multiple indices (baseline, reactivity) of either parasympathetic nervous system activity, indexed by respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), or sympathetic nervous system ...
Emir Uzay E - - 2011
In this study, ascorbate (Asc) and glutathione (GSH) concentrations were quantified noninvasively using double-edited (1)H MRS at 4 T in the occipital cortex of healthy young [age (mean ± standard deviation) = 20.4 ± 1.4 years] and elderly (age = 76.6 ± 6.1 years) human subjects. Elderly subjects had a lower GSH concentration than younger subjects (p < 0.05). The Asc concentration ...
Goldstein Joshua R - - 2011
Some 20 years after reunification, the contrast between East and West Germany offers a natural experiment for studying the degree of persistence of Communist-era family patterns, the effects of economic change, and fertility postponement. After reunification, period fertility rates plummeted in the former East Germany to record low levels. Since ...
Afridi Hassan Imran - - 2011
The aim of present study was to compare the level of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and nickel (Ni) in biological samples (serum, blood, urine, and scalp hair) of patients suffering from different viral hepatitis (A, B, C, D, and E; n = 521) of both genders, age range ...
Berookhim Boback M - - 2011
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common condition in aging men, with a prevalence of 52% in men aged 40 to 70 years. It is frequently associated with several comorbid conditions, including cardiovascular disease, lower urinary tract symptoms, and testosterone deficiency. These conditions often have major consequences on the quality of ...
Beharry A - - 2011
To determine the proportion of deaths due to confirmed myocardial infarction (CMI) and the aetiology of sudden death at the Port-of-Spain General Hospital (A&E) department for January to June 2008. This retrospective study utilized the death register to determine the number of A&E deaths for the study period. Patients dying ...
Vaupel James W - - 2011
To determine the contribution of progress in averting premature deaths to the increase in life expectancy and the decline in lifespan variation. International comparison of national life table data from the Human Mortality Database. 40 developed countries and regions, 1840-2009. Men and women of all ages. We use two summary ...
Plewka Andrzej - - 2011
We studied uterine myomas originating from females of reproductive age and from females of perimenopausal age. Uterine myomas represent benign tumors of the myometrium, and they develop frequently in women of reproductive age. The frequency of uterine myomas increases with age until women reach the menopause. The study included patients ...
Viso Eloy - - 2011
To investigate the relationship of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and other prevalent ocular diseases with dry eye (DE) in a general adult population. An age-stratified random sample of 1155 subjects aged ≥40 years was selected in O Salnés, Spain. From 937 eligible subjects, 654 (69.8%) participated (mean age (SD): 63.6 ...
Branco Luis M - - 2011
Lassa fever (LF) is a devastating hemorrhagic viral disease that is endemic to West Africa and responsible for thousands of human deaths each year. Analysis of humoral immune responses (IgM and IgG) by antibody-capture ELISA (Ab-capture ELISA) and Lassa virus (LASV) viremia by antigen-capture ELISA (Ag-capture ELISA) in suspected patients ...
Wolkewitz Martin - - 2011
To test the "27 club" hypothesis that famous musicians are at an increased risk of death at age 27. Design Cohort study using survival analysis with age as a time dependent exposure. Comparison was primarily made within musicians, and secondarily relative to the general UK population. The popular music scene ...
Omland Lars Haukali - - 2011
The increased mortality in HCV-infected individuals partly stems from viral damage to the liver and partly from risk-taking behaviours. We examined mortality in patients who cleared their HCV-infection, comparing it to that of the general population. We also addressed the question whether prognosis differed according to age, substance abuse (alcohol ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >