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Sperotto Francesca F From the Department of Pediatrics, University of Padua, Padua, - - 2014
The role of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) in children has still to be elucidated. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence and persistence of ANA in schoolchildren during the puberty switch, and the possible relationship with chronic noninflammatory musculoskeletal pain (MSP). Children aged 8-13 years and attending 4 ...
Nishida Yuichiro Y Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Nabeshima 5-1-1, Saga 849-8501, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies using self-reported physical activity (PA) showed that higher PA is associated with lower circulating levels of C-reactive protein, in contrast, studies investigating associations of objective PA and other inflammatory markers are limited. We investigated cross-sectional associations of accelerometer-determined PA with circulating levels of myokine-type inflammatory cytokines in a middle-aged ...
Jones Jeffrey L JL Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, - - 2014
Toxoplasma gondii is a ubiquitous parasite that can cause neurologic and ocular disease. We tested sera from 7,072 people ≥ 6 years of age in the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for immunoglobulin G antibodies and compared these results with two previous NHANES surveys. The overall T. ...
Alfadhli Suad S Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kuwait University , - - 2014
Abstract Background: Variations in IRF5 have been associated with an increased risk of developing lupus (SLE). Aim: To explore the association of IRF5 markers (rs2004640, rs10954213) with susceptibility to SLE and to the development of more than one autoimmune disease (OP) and to analyse the influence of rs2004640 on IRF5 ...
van Beek N N Department of Dermatology, Allergology and Venereology, University of Luebeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, D-23538, Lübeck, - - 2014
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a subepidermal blistering autoimmune disease characterized by autoantibodies against two structural proteins of the epidermal basal membrane zone (BMZ), BP180 (type XVII collagen) and BP230. Patients are usually old and suffer from severe pruritus. Advanced age and severe pruritus have been hypothesized as potential risk factors ...
Das Karuna M KM Department of Medical Imaging, Prince Salman Heart Center, King Fahad Medical City, PO Box 59049, Riyadh, 11512, Saudi Arabia, - - 2014
This retrospective study aimed to determine the superior vena cava (SVC) and left innominate vein (INV) normative cross-sectional area in children noninvasively using age as a predictor and also to compare the correlation of the area measured with the diameter on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Analysis of the SVC-INV cross-sectional ...
Gartstein Maria A MA Department of Psychology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, 99164-4820. - - 2014
Frontal EEG asymmetry patterns represent markers of individual differences in emotion reactivity and regulation, with right hemisphere activation linked with withdrawal behaviors/emotions (e.g., fear), and activation of the left hemisphere associated with approach (e.g., joy, anger). In the present study, gender was examined as a potential moderator of links between ...
Grupp Thomas M TM Aesculap AG Research & Development,Tuttlingen, Germany; Ludwig Maximilians University Clinic for Orthopaedic Surgery, Campus Grosshadern, Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of our study was to evaluate the influence of prolonged artificial ageing on oxidation resistance and subsequent wear behaviour of vitamin E stabilised in comparison to standard and highly cross-linked, remelted polyethylene, and the degradation effect of third-body particles on XLPE inlays in total hip arthroplasty. Hip wear ...
Vaz-de-Lima Lourdes R A LR Immunology Center, Bacteriology Center, Instituto Adolfo Lutz, São Paulo, SP., - - 2014
Pertussis remains an important public health problem in many countries despite extensive immunization. Culture and real-time PCR (RT-PCR) assays are the recommended pertussis diagnostic tests but lack sensitivity at the later stage of disease. This study introduces the IgG anti-pertussis toxin ELISA (PT-ELISA) in our routine diagnosis to improve disease ...
Paloniemi Minna M Vaccine Research Center, University of Tampere, Biokatu 10, FM 3, 33520, Tampere, Finland, - - 2014
Human bocaviruses (HBoVs) may be grouped into respiratory (HBoV1) and enteric (HBoV2-4) types. We examined this association of HBoV types and clinical symptoms in 955 children who had acute gastroenteritis (AGE, n = 172), acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI, n = 545) or symptoms of both (n = 238). Both nasal swab and stool specimens were ...
Saif-Ur-Rehman Department of Pathology, Foundation University Medical College, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the presence of intrinsic factor antibody in vitamin B12 deficient patients. Study Design: Cross-sectional, observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Fauji Foundation Hospital, Foundation University Medical College and Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, from January 2011 to June 2012. Methodology: A total of 120 patients ...
Tzu Jonathan H JH Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine , Miami, FL , USA - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To phenotypically and genotypically characterize a large Puerto Rican kindred with X-linked retinitis pigmentosa associated with a novel RP GTPase regulator (RPGR) genotype. Methods: A total of 100 family members of a single kindred with X-linked RP were evaluated with ophthalmic examinations and blood DNA analysis. Visual fields, ...
Savage Mary J MJ Department of Molecular Biomarkers, Department of Neuroscience, and Department of Pharmacology, Merck & Company, Inc., West Point, Pennsylvania - - 2014
A hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain is the amyloid β (Aβ) plaque, which is comprised of Aβ peptides. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that Aβ oligomers are more toxic than other peptide forms. We sought to develop a robust assay to quantify oligomers from CSF. Antibody 19.3 was compared ...
Elliott Jane J Centre for Longitudinal Studies, Institute of Education, 20 Bedford Way, London WC1H 0AE, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is now a body of evidence that demonstrates strong links between neighbourhood characteristics and mental health and wellbeing. There is an increasing interest in how this relationship varies for individuals of different ages. Understanding the link between neighbourhood and wellbeing for older adults is of particular significance, given the ...
Gallucci Maurizio M 9 FORGEI, Interdisciplinary Geriatric Research Foundation, Treviso - - - 2014
<title>ABSTRACT</title><p><italic>Introduction:</italic> It has been reported that elderly subjects have a compromised ability to produce melatonin nightly, and that reduced melatonin levels may be a risk factor for cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between melatonin levels and chronic diseases in a cohort of elderly subjects ...
Köse Sükran S Tepecik Educational and Research Hospital, Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Allergy and Immunology Clinic, Izmir, - - 2014
The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of allergic diseases and related risk factors in Izmir, Turkey, and to assess the positive immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels against common allergens. The questionnaires were completed via face-to-face interview with a total of 2937 individuals. Specific IgE was studied ...
Cardarelli Roberto R University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, - - 2014
Hypogonadism is highly prevalent in men older than 45 years and is associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases, including obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to determine whether lifestyle factors such as smoking, diet, and exercise are associated with reduced testosterone ...
Espaldon Roxanne R Division of Geriatrics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco VA Medical Cente, San Francisco, - - 2014
To determine the distribution of screening prostate-specific antigen (PSA) values in older men, and how different PSA thresholds affect the proportion of white, black, and Latino men who would have an abnormal screening result across advancing age groups. We used linked national Veterans Affairs and Medicare data to determine the ...
Angaswamy N N Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
Antibodies (Abs) to donor HLA (donor-specific antibodies [DSA]) have been associated with transplant glomerulopathy (TG) following kidney transplantation (KTx). Immune responses to tissue-restricted self-antigens (self-Ags) have been proposed to play a role in chronic rejection. We determined whether KTx with TG have immune responses to self-Ags, Collagen-IV (Col-IV) and fibronectin ...
Shinkov A A Clinic of Thyroid and Bone Mineral Diseases, University Hospital of Endocrinology, Medical University of Sofia, 2 Zdrave St, 13th Floor, Sofia, 1431, Bulgaria, - - 2014
Anti-thyroid antibodies and thyroid ultrasound (US) are currently the methods for diagnosing autoimmune thyroid disease. Few data exist on their utility in males. The aim of the study was to investigate the gender-specific relationship between the Anti-TPO levels, thyroid ultrasound features, and thyroid function in a population with no known ...
Garay Ivonne I Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Universidad de La Frontera - - 2014
The aim of this research is to determine the prevalence of soft tissue calcifications detectable on panoramic radiographs, in the mandibular angle area. 3,028 digital panoramic radiographs taken between June 2009 and June 2011 were evaluated. Soft tissue calcifications found in the mandibular angle area were recorded according to gender, ...
Sherwani Subuhi S Cardiff University School of Medicine, Institute of Infection and Immunity/Medical Microbiology, Cardiff, United - - 2014
Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) is a significant but underreported skin pathogen for children and adults. Seroprevalence studies can help establish burden of disease. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based studies have been published for Australian and Japanese populations and the results indicate seroprevalences between 6 and 22 percent in healthy ...
Brown Julie J a Neuroscience Research Australia , University of New South Wales , Randwick , New South Wales , - - 2014
Objective: To compare the pattern of injuries to front and rear seat occupants and test the hypothesis that rear seat passengers of different ages sustain different patterns of injury. Method: Patients admitted to a hospital following involvement in a crash in New South Wales (NSW) Australia between 2005 and 2007 ...
Diop Fode - - 2014
Programmes of pre-elimination of malaria have been implemented in Senegal since 2010, and the burden of malaria has decreased substantially. These changes in the epidemiology should be monitored with effective tools that allow changes in patterns of transmission to be estimated. In Dielmo and Ndiop, two villages of Senegal with ...
Karki S S Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA; Department of Livestock Services, Kathmandu, - - 2013
Kathmandu, Nepal has been classified as a high-risk area for highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) by the Nepali Government. While ducks have an important role in the transmission of avian influenza viruses (AIV), including HPAI, seroprevalence of antibodies to AIV in domestic ducks of Kathmandu has never been assessed. The ...
Tomita Tetsu T Department of Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki University, Hirosaki, - - 2013
Background and Aim: Personality traits and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels are both independently correlated with major depressive disorder and depressive mood. However, no studies have reported associations between personality traits and VEGF levels. Thus, we hypothesized that there is a correlation between the results of the Temperament and ...
Ashmawy Karam Imam KI Parasitology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Alexandria University, Edfina, - - 2013
The present study evaluated the presence of specific antibodies against Besnoitia besnoiti in cattle and water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in Egypt. Sera from cattle (n = 216) and water buffaloes (n = 133) collected from five different provinces of Egypt (Behera, Alexandria, Assuit, Gharbia, and Matrouh) were analyzed. Testing for B. besnoiti antibodies by ...
Putnam-Hornstein Emily E Children's Data Network, School of Social Work, University of Southern California, University Park Campus, SWC 218, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0411, USA; California Child Welfare Indicators Project, School of Social Welfare University of California at Berkeley, 16 Haviland Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720-7400, - - 2013
This study used linked foster care and birth records to provide a longitudinal, population-level examination of the incidence of first and repeat births among girls who were in foster care at age 17. Girls in a foster care placement in California at the age of 17 between 2003 and 2007 ...
Liu Xing-Ping XP Institute of Entomology, Jiangxi Agricultural - - 2013
It is widely accepted that the genetic divergence and reproductive incompatibility between closely related species and/ or populations is often viewed as an important step towards speciation. In this study, sexual compatibility in crosses between the southern XS population and the northern TA population of the polyandrous cabbage beetle Colaphellus ...
Kretschmer Tina - - 2013
Extensive evidence supports associations between early pubertal timing and adolescent externalizing behavior, but how and under which conditions they are linked is not fully understood. In addition, pubertal development is also characterized by variations in the relative speed at which individuals mature, but studies linking pubertal 'tempo' and outcomes are ...
Ravichandran Beerappa - - 2013
The urinary excretion of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) was used as a biomarker of oxidative DNA damage. The urinary 8-oxodG levels in petrol filling station attendants (exposed) at various petrol bunks were estimated as well as in the unexposed (cashier) population. A total of 100 workers (79 petrol fillers and 21 cashiers) ...
Wu Y - - 2013
SUMMARY In a large serosurvey performed in Gaobeidian city, China, 1032 children and adolescents aged 3-18 years were divided into three age groups: 3-6, 7-11, and 12-18 years. The geometric mean of IgG antibodies against pertussis toxin (anti-PT IgG) varied from 3·47 IU/ml (3-6 years) to 8·71 IU/ml (12-18 years) and the ...
Othman Ragaa A - - 2013
The risk of schistosomiasis infection is associated to age, sex, and occupations. This study evaluated the reliable method for diagnosis of schistosomiasis in correlation to their sensitivity and specificity. A total of 75 patients (49 males and 27 females) with manifestations suggestive intestinal schistosomiasis, with ages less than 18 years ...
Ge Wenzhen W Department of Environmental Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, - - 2014
Anthropometric measures such as waist-hip-ratio (WHR), waist-height-ratio (WHtR), waist circumference, Mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), and upper thigh circumference, have been linked to the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, their relationships with subclinical atherosclerosis are unclear. Studies in normal-weight populations, especially in Asian countries where leanness is prevalent, are lacking. ...
Wei Xuedong - - 2013
To determine whether seminal B7-H3 levels are correlated to semen parameters and affect human sperm functions. A total of 83 healthy donors of proven fertility (aged 22-37 years) and 176 infertile men (aged 21-38 years) were recruited. Computer-assisted semen analysis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to assess the correlations between seminal ...
Aziz Imran - - 2013
Reports suggest that gluten sensitivity (GS) exists in the absence of coeliac disease (CD). This clinical entity has been termed noncoeliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS). To determine the population prevalence of self-reported GS and referral characteristics to secondary care. A UK population-based questionnaire screened for GS and related symptoms. Diagnostic outcomes ...
Nymo Ingebjørg H - - 2013
Investigations of hooded seals Cystophora cristata have revealed high prevalences of Brucella-positive seals in the reduced Northeast Atlantic stock, compared to the increasing Northwest Atlantic stock. This study evaluated the relation between Brucella-serostatus in seals in the Northeast Atlantic stock and age, sex, body condition and reproduction. Bacteriology documented which ...
Hu Shengda - - 2013
Recent studies have found that cardiac stem cells (CSCs) are present in the adult heart. CSCs play an important role in maintaining the balance of the number of myocardial cells. The purpose of this study was to examine characteristics of human CSCs and their correlation with clinical characteristics of patients. ...
Kaneko Akira - - 2013
Resurgence is a major concern after malaria elimination. After initiating the elimination package on Aneityum island in 1991, microscopy showed Plasmodium falciparum immediately disappeared whereas P. vivax disappeared from 1996 onwards, until P. vivax cases were reported in January 2002. By conducting malariometric surveys of the entire population of Aneityum ...
Chon Sung-Bin - - 2013
Detecting severe hyperkalemia is challenging. We explored its prevalence in symptomatic or extreme bradycardia and devised a diagnostic rule. This retrospective cross-sectional study included patients with symptomatic (heart rate [HR] ≤50/min with dyspnea, chest pain, altered mentality, dizziness/syncope/presyncope, general weakness, oliguria, or shock) or extreme (HR ≤40/min) bradycardia at an ...
Rønn P F - - 2013
SUMMARY An increase in pertussis has been observed in several countries over the last decades, especially in adult populations. The seroprevalence of pertussis was determined in a cross-sectional study of the adult population in the Copenhagen area, Denmark, conducted between 2006 and 2008. Specific IgG antibodies against pertussis toxin (PT) ...
Drach-Zahavy Anat - - 2013
This study embraced a unit-level diversity perspective to examine interpersonal aggression, as experienced or witnessed by individual team members. Specifically, our aim was to explore the moderating role of a unit's diversity climate in the link between unit-level surface diversity in terms of ethnicity, sex, age, and tenure, and individual-level ...
Huygen K - - 2013
SUMMARY The last report on pertussis seroprevalence in Belgium concerned samples collected during 1993-1994. In the context of the Eupert-Labnet WP6 seroprevalence study (comparing sera from 16 European member states), 1500 anonymized leftover diagnostic samples were collected randomly during the second semester of 2012 by the clinical chemistry laboratories of ...
Mair Christina - - 2013
To quantify two specific aspects of drinking in various venues (past-year frequency of drinking in each venue and volume consumed per venue) and assess their relationships with intimate partner violence. A geographic sample of married or cohabiting couples residing in 50 medium-to-large cities in California, USA (n = 1585 couples) was obtained. ...
Ashaie Sameer - - 2013
We investigated the effects of age as well as the linked factors of education and bilingualism on confrontation naming in rural Kashmir by creating a culturally appropriate naming test with pictures of 60 objects. We recruited 48 cognitively normal participants whose ages ranged from 18-28 and 60-85. Participants in our ...
Wideman R F RF - - 2013
Growing broilers on wire flooring provides an excellent experimental model for exposing susceptibility to lameness attributable to bacterial chondronecrosis with osteomyelitis (BCO). Two independent experiments (E1, E2) were designed to compare the susceptibilities of broilers from 4 commercial crosses (W, X, Y, and Z). The standard crosses (W and Y) ...
Pato Francisco J - - 2013
In the present study, the seroprevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in roe deer in relation to different parameters in northwestern Spain was investigated. A total of 154 roe deer hunted between April 2007 and October 2008 from different localities of Galicia (northwest Spain) were examined. From each animal, a ...
Machańćová T - - 2013
In some European countries there is an increasing interest on donkey. Despite there are few data regarding the donkey's parasitic diseases especially those with a protozoal etiology as neosporosis. Samples used in the study were collected from 238 domestic donkeys during year 2010 in Southern Italy from 207 females and ...
Naveteur J - - 2013
Since the sense of time is strongly influenced by advancing age, this laboratory study aimed to find out more about older pedestrians' decisions to cross the road, focusing on their estimates of how long it would take them to cross. The walking times of older female adults with or without ...
Bains William - - 2013
Ageing of the extracellular matrix (ECM), the protein matrix that surrounds and penetrates the tissues and binds the body together, contributes significantly to functional aging of tissues. ECM proteins become increasingly cross-linked with age, and this cross-linking is probably important in the decline of the ECM's function. In this paper ...
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