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Epars Jean-François JF Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Geneva , Geneva , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. A previous cross-sectional investigation showed that the mandibular foramen location depends on the age and the vertical facial pattern of growing individuals. The aim of the present longitudinal study was to explain how these factors influence the distance between the foramen and the occlusal plane. It is known ...
Mac Giolla Phadraig Caoimhin C School of Dental Science, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland; Department of Child and Public Dental Health, Dublin Dental University Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to describe the reported dentate status and complete denture use of older people with intellectual disability (ID) and compare with those of older people in the general population in Ireland. The first wave of the Intellectual Disability Supplement to The Irish Longitudinal Study on ...
Incerti Parenti Serena S PhD student, Unit of Orthodontics, Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
Because of the close anatomic proximity of the maxillary permanent canine and first premolar, we investigated the relationship between their preeruptive positional changes in this retrospective study. Sixty-three pairs of panoramic radiographs obtained 12 to 24 months apart from nonorthodontic subjects between 8 and 10 years old were collected. Canine and premolar ...
Jakovljevic Aleksandar A a PhD student, Department of Oral Surgery and Implantology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To analyze radiographic predictors for lower third molar eruption among subjects with different anteroposterior skeletal relations and of different age groups. Materials and Methods: In total, 300 lower third molars were recorded on diagnostic digital orthopantomograms (DPTs) and lateral cephalograms (LCs). The radiographs were grouped according to sagittal ...
Torlinska-Walkowiak Natalia - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate the importance and range of tooth wear in deciduous teeth from the 14th century based on the examination of child skeletons from the Cedynia cemetery in Poland. As mechanical wear was widespread in early human populations, this study recorded symptoms of attrition and abrasion (facets and scoops), ...
Pancherz Hans H Professor and chair emeritus, Department of Orthodontics, University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the very long-term results after Herbst treatment with respect to changes in the mandibular incisor segment: incisor inclination, incisor alignment, and gingival status. Fourteen patients were derived from a sample of 22 consecutive patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusions treated with ...
Marshall Mark D - - 2014
Periodontal disease (PD) is the most widespread oral disease in dogs and has been associated with serious systemic diseases. The disease is more prevalent in small breeds compared to large breeds and incidence increases with advancing age. In prevalence studies 84% of beagles over the age of 3 and 100% ...
Juneja Manjushree M Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, School of Dental Sciences, Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Determination of age of a subject is one of the most important aspects of medico-legal cases and anthropological research. Radiographs can be used to indirectly measure the rate of secondary dentine deposition which is depicted by reduction in the pulp area. In this study, 200 patients of Karnataka aged between ...
Mohammed Rezwana Begum RB Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, GITAM Dental College and Hospital, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam, - - 2014
In recent years, it has become increasingly important to determine the age of living people for a variety of reasons, including identifying criminal and legal responsibility and for many other social events such as birth certificate, marriage, beginning a job, joining the army and retirement. The aim of this study ...
Jung Yun-Hoa YH Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan, - - 2014
This study investigated the developmental stages of third molars in relation to chronological age and compared third molar development according to location and gender. A retrospective analysis of panoramic radiographs of 2490 patients aged between 6 and 24 years was conducted, and the developmental stages of the third molars were ...
Takada Jun-Ichi JI *Maxillofacial Orthognathics - - 2014
Summary Background/Objectives: Although it has been suggested that adult patients with facial asymmetry with posterior unilateral crossbite (PUXB) may have a more tilted mandibular hinge axis (MHA) than those without PUXB, whether craniofacial morphology is associated with the MHA remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare the ...
Park Kyoungsun - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of age on the ratio of pulp cavity/tooth width (P/T ratio) in healthy cats. The dental radiographs of 32 cats (16 males, 16 females) were generated with a digital dental X-ray unit under general anesthesia. Standardized measurement of the canine ...
Karadas Muhammet M Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize, - - 2014
The aim was to evaluate the prevalence and distribution of tooth number anomalies in a Turkish subpopulation. A population of 2722 patients (1532 females and 1190 males; mean age, 12.33 ± 2.5 years) was retrospectively examined to determine the prevalence and distribution of the hypodontia, oligodontia, and hyperdontia using panoramic ...
Paramkusam Geetha - - 2014
Teeth are excellent material for anthropological, genetic and odontologic investigations in both living and dead population. Canines are the ideal teeth for identification of sex, due to its sexual dimorphism and durability in the oral cavity. This study tests the effectiveness of the canine tooth in predicting sex of an ...
Divakaran Karthika K Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, United States - - 2014
Human hepatic UGT2B15 developmental expression changes may alter the metabolism of important drugs and toxicants such as bisphenol A (BPA). Previously, UGT2B15 ontogeny knowledge consisted of transcript data, a dubious surrogate for protein expression. Herein, UGT2B15 protein content was determined in human hepatic microsomes (n = 236, 8 weeks gestation ...
Lyons Kady K California State University Long Beach, Long Beach, California, - - 2014
While contaminant concentrations have been reported for elasmobranchs around the world, no studies have examined bioaccumulation patterns across male and female age classes. The round stingray (Urobatis halleri) is a local benthic species that forages near areas of high organochlorine contamination and represents a good elasmobranch model. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), ...
Kucukkolbasi Hasan H Department of Oral and Maxilofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Selcuk University, Konya, - - 2014
Dental follicle (DF) is an ectomesenchymal tissue that surrounds the developing tooth germ and contains precursor cells for cementoblasts, periodontal ligaments and osteoblasts. Radiographically, the DFs are seen as semicircular radiolucencies around unerupted teeth. However, if the DFs are larger than 2.5 mm, they are considered to be a pathological ...
Gallun Frederick J FJ Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for Rehabilitative Auditory Research, Portland VA Medical Center Portland, OR, USA ; Otolaryngology / Head and Neck Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University Portland, OR, - - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. 264 in vol. 8, PMID: 24391535.].
Motil Kathleen J - - 2012
We conducted a nationwide survey to determine the prevalence of common gastrointestinal and nutritional disorders in Rett syndrome (RTT) based on parental reporting and related the occurrence of these problems to age and methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene status. We designed a questionnaire that probed symptoms, diagnoses, diagnostic tests, and ...
De Wee E M - - 2012
We performed a nation-wide cross-sectional study to evaluate determinants of bleeding symptoms in a large unselected cohort of adults with von Willebrand disease (VWD). VWD patients were included (n=664), based on lowest historically measured VWF:Ag and VWF:Act levels ≤30 U/dl. Menorrhagia (85%), cutaneous bleeding (77%), bleeding from minor wounds (77%) ...
- - 2012
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common cause of anemia in the United States, and it particularly affects women of child-bearing age and black, non-Hispanic race/ethnicity. During the surveillance period there were 10,157 incident ("new") cases of IDA among active component service members; the overall incidence rate was 7.1 ...
Porter Chad K - - 2012
Background. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates 20.9 million norovirus infections annually in the United States. While the acute disease burden is sizeable, emerging data suggests norovirus may be associated with chronic gastrointestinal problems. We identified known outbreaks in US military recruits and utilized the Defense Medical Encounter ...
Zhang Bing-Ling - - 2012
Background/aims: We aimed to investigate the diagnostic applications of capsule endoscopy examination patients in obscure gastrointestinal bleeding and to analyze the etiology of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding in patients of different ages. Material and Methods: A total of 385 patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, aged 17-91 years, were assigned into three ...
Kovács M - - 2012
The effect of different weaning ages, that is, 21 (G21), 28 (G28) or 35 (G35) days, on growth and certain parameters of the digestive tract was examined in rabbits to assess the risk of early weaning attributable to the less-developed digestive system. On days 35 and 42, G35 rabbits had ...
Schootman Mario - - 2012
We hypothesize that lower street connectivity increases the risk of incident lower-body functional limitations (LBFLs) among urban African Americans aged 49-65 years. This population-based cohort was interviewed in home visits. Five items measuring LBFL were obtained at baseline and after 3 years. Participants were considered to have LBFL if they ...
Cardoso Cristina Perito - - 2012
This study was carried out with the aim of estimating the degree of gastrointestinal helminth infection in goats on the Northern Plateau of Santa Catarina. Twelve young females and 11 adult females were used. Every 28 days, feces samples were taken to quantify the nematode eggs per gram of feces ...
Araujo Juliana Milani - - 2012
Strongyloides westeri is the most prevalent nematode among equines aged up to four months and causes gastrointestinal disorders. The objective of this study was to observe the control of infective S. westeri larvae (L3) by the nematophagous fungi Duddingtonia flagrans (AC001) and Monacrosporium thaumasium (NF34) after passage through the gastrointestinal ...
Baik Su Jung SJ Department of Internal Medicine, Ewha Medical Research Institute, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, 911-1 Mokdong, Seoul 158-710, South - - 2012
To investigate the seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and its relationship to nutritional factors in female Vietnamese immigrants to Korea. A total of 390 female immigrants from Vietnam and 206 Korean male spouses participated in the study. Blood samples from 321 female immigrants and 201 Korean male spouses were ...
Higginson Dawn M - - 2012
The coevolution of female mate preferences and exaggerated male traits is a fundamental prediction of many sexual selection models, but has largely defied testing due to the challenges of quantifying the sensory and cognitive bases of female preferences. We overcome this difficulty by focusing on postcopulatory sexual selection, where readily ...
Pardhan-Ali Aliya - - 2012
To describe the major characteristics of reported notifiable gastrointestinal illness (NGI) data in the Northwest Territories (NWT) from January 1991 through December 2008. Descriptive analysis of 708 reported cases of NGI extracted from the Northwest Territories Communicable Disease Registry (NWT CDR). Primary, secondary and tertiary health care centres across all ...
Call Jerry - - 2012
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), one of the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract, prior to routine immunohistochemical staining and the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, were often mistaken for neoplasms of smooth muscle origin such as leiomyomas, leiomyosarcomas or leiomyoblastomas. Since the advent of imatinib, GIST has been ...
Haerer Wendy - - 2011
Aims  To investigate associations between HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor (statin) use and muscle strength, balance, mobility and falls in older people. Methods  Five hundred community-dwelling people aged 70-90 years provided information about their medication use and undertook tests of lower limb strength, postural sway, leaning balance (maximal balance range and coordinated ...
Zhao Hua - - 2011
Vitamin-B(12) is a generic term for corrinoid compounds that exhibit the biological activity of cyanocobalamin and are collectively referred to as cobalamins. Methylcobalamin and 5-deoxyadenosylcobalamin are the active cobalamins in human metabolism. Cobalamin plays a crucial role in the maintenance of homocysteine and methylmalonyl-CoA homeostasis and is required for erythrocyte ...
Tsibouris Panagiotis - - 2012
Background:  Overt and occult bleeding are the main indications for a wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) study of the small bowel. Most published studies omit patients aged over 80. Aim:  To determine whether WCE is feasible in patients with overt or occult bleeding over age 80 and to define the spectrum ...
Lind Lars - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Although obesity without metabolic disturbances has been regarded as harmless, we have recently shown that obese subjects without the metabolic syndrome (MetS) has an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) disorders and mortality during long-term follow-up. To investigate the basis for that increased risk, we studied the impact of obesity ...
Fukuta Shoji - - 2011
Retrospective analysis of factors related to kidney-type interbody spacer subsidence (SS) in transforaminal interbody fusion (TLIF). To determine the risk factors for SS in TLIF using kidney-type spacers. SS into the vertebral body, a major complication of TLIF, has not been studied extensively. Between July 2004 and May 2006, 54 ...
Hosseinpanah Farhad - - 2011
Background: In recent decades, more attention has been directed to the clustering of cardiometabolic risk factors in normal-weight adults. This study investigates trends of the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a normal-weight Tehranian adult population during 6.6 years of follow-up. Methods: In this population-based cohort study of 5,269 participants ...
Brian Garry - - 2011
Purpose: To characterize refractive error, presbyopia and their correction among adults aged ≥ 40 years in Fiji, and contribute to a regional overview of these conditions. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional survey using multistage cluster random sampling. Presenting distance and near vision were measured and dilated slitlamp examination performed. Results: The ...
Burrows Raquel A RA Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Santiago, - - 2011
To determine how the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) is related to metabolic risk in a sample of overweight and obese Chilean youths accounting for Tanner stage. A cross-sectional study assessing 486 overweight and obese youths (aged 5-15 years) recruited from the University of Chile, Pediatric Obesity Clinic. ...
Harrington Deirdre M - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of the metabolic equivalent (MET) equation and step rate function of the ActivPAL™ physical activity logger in a group of females. Using a standard treadmill protocol, 62 females aged 15-25 years walked on a treadmill at speeds between 3.2 and ...
Salvi Virginio - - 2011
Aim:  Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is highly prevalent in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). Little research has evaluated the risk profile of MetS and cardiovascular disease in different gender and age groups in these patients. Our aim is to evaluate the prevalence of MetS in Italian patients with BD stratified by ...
Shuumarjav Uurtuya - - 2011
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with chronic inflammation and cardiovascular disease. The present study's aim was to investigate the relationship between serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and MetS in the Mongolian population in comparison to the Japanese population. Two-hundred and eighty-five Mongolian volunteers (males/females: 115/170, mean age 44.9 years) and 326 ...
Coffey Christopher S - - 2011
Background. We used a random sample (n = 2, 495) from the population-based Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-stage Disease (PREVEND) study population to examine the association of the metabolic syndrome (Met S) with plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) antigen levels. Results. The overall ...
Emokpae M A - - 2011
Proteinuria in subjects with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is an indication of an ongoing renal insufficiency and it's prevalence varies between sexes. We evaluated sex differences in the activities of Lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and the levels of lipoproteins in SCA patients with proteinuria. Fifty SCA patients ...
Pašalić Daria - - 2011
To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a healthy elderly Croatian population. Cross-sectional study consisting of a health check including anthropometric measures and food questionnaires as well as analysis of biochemical parameters related to MetS. The diagnostic criteria of the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) were used ...
Lee SoJung S Division of Weight Management & Wellness, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA. - - 2011
It is unknown whether measurement site of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) influences the relationship between VAT and associated health risk in youth and if so, whether ethnic differences exist in this relationship. We examined the influence of the measurement site of VAT on the relationships between VAT and metabolic syndrome ...
Hofmann Jennifer J - - 2010
Mutations in the human Notch ligand jagged 1 (JAG1) result in a multi-system disorder called Alagille syndrome (AGS). AGS is chiefly characterized by a paucity of intrahepatic bile ducts (IHBD), but also includes cardiac, ocular, skeletal, craniofacial and renal defects. The disease penetration and severity of the affected organs can ...
Sokolich Julio - - 2011
Sokolich J, Magliocca J, Kayler LK. Import kidney offers and DonorNet: a view from the trenches. Clin Transplant 2011: 25: 856-863. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract:  The ability of DonorNet2007(®) screening functions to expedite placement of locally rejected kidneys is unknown. We separately evaluated non-mandatory share regional ...
Di Cicco Emiliano - - 2011
The annual fish Nothobranchius furzeri is the shortest-lived vertebrate which can be cultured in captivity. Here, we performed a histopathological analysis of age-related lesions in this species. Post-mortem analysis revealed lesions in liver (~90%), kidney (~75%), heart (~70%) and gonads (~40%) which are similar to those previously described in the ...
Takeshita R S C - - 2011
Knowing the physiological ranges of certain hematological and biochemical parameters is necessary for understanding the alterations caused by pathogenic agents and establishing differences between states of health and disease. Hematological evaluations and clinical chemistry were performed on livers and kidneys from owl monkeys with different sexes and age ranges. Forty-one ...
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