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Motil Kathleen J - - 2012
We conducted a nationwide survey to determine the prevalence of common gastrointestinal and nutritional disorders in Rett syndrome (RTT) based on parental reporting and related the occurrence of these problems to age and methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene status. We designed a questionnaire that probed symptoms, diagnoses, diagnostic tests, and ...
De Wee E M - - 2012
We performed a nation-wide cross-sectional study to evaluate determinants of bleeding symptoms in a large unselected cohort of adults with von Willebrand disease (VWD). VWD patients were included (n=664), based on lowest historically measured VWF:Ag and VWF:Act levels ≤30 U/dl. Menorrhagia (85%), cutaneous bleeding (77%), bleeding from minor wounds (77%) ...
- - 2012
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common cause of anemia in the United States, and it particularly affects women of child-bearing age and black, non-Hispanic race/ethnicity. During the surveillance period there were 10,157 incident ("new") cases of IDA among active component service members; the overall incidence rate was 7.1 ...
Porter Chad K - - 2012
Background. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates 20.9 million norovirus infections annually in the United States. While the acute disease burden is sizeable, emerging data suggests norovirus may be associated with chronic gastrointestinal problems. We identified known outbreaks in US military recruits and utilized the Defense Medical Encounter ...
Zhang Bing-Ling - - 2012
Background/aims: We aimed to investigate the diagnostic applications of capsule endoscopy examination patients in obscure gastrointestinal bleeding and to analyze the etiology of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding in patients of different ages. Material and Methods: A total of 385 patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, aged 17-91 years, were assigned into three ...
Kovács M - - 2012
The effect of different weaning ages, that is, 21 (G21), 28 (G28) or 35 (G35) days, on growth and certain parameters of the digestive tract was examined in rabbits to assess the risk of early weaning attributable to the less-developed digestive system. On days 35 and 42, G35 rabbits had ...
Schootman Mario - - 2012
We hypothesize that lower street connectivity increases the risk of incident lower-body functional limitations (LBFLs) among urban African Americans aged 49-65 years. This population-based cohort was interviewed in home visits. Five items measuring LBFL were obtained at baseline and after 3 years. Participants were considered to have LBFL if they ...
Cardoso Cristina Perito - - 2012
This study was carried out with the aim of estimating the degree of gastrointestinal helminth infection in goats on the Northern Plateau of Santa Catarina. Twelve young females and 11 adult females were used. Every 28 days, feces samples were taken to quantify the nematode eggs per gram of feces ...
Araujo Juliana Milani - - 2012
Strongyloides westeri is the most prevalent nematode among equines aged up to four months and causes gastrointestinal disorders. The objective of this study was to observe the control of infective S. westeri larvae (L3) by the nematophagous fungi Duddingtonia flagrans (AC001) and Monacrosporium thaumasium (NF34) after passage through the gastrointestinal ...
Baik Su Jung - - 2012
To investigate the seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and its relationship to nutritional factors in female Vietnamese immigrants to Korea. A total of 390 female immigrants from Vietnam and 206 Korean male spouses participated in the study. Blood samples from 321 female immigrants and 201 Korean male spouses were ...
Higginson Dawn M - - 2012
The coevolution of female mate preferences and exaggerated male traits is a fundamental prediction of many sexual selection models, but has largely defied testing due to the challenges of quantifying the sensory and cognitive bases of female preferences. We overcome this difficulty by focusing on postcopulatory sexual selection, where readily ...
Pardhan-Ali Aliya - - 2012
To describe the major characteristics of reported notifiable gastrointestinal illness (NGI) data in the Northwest Territories (NWT) from January 1991 through December 2008. Descriptive analysis of 708 reported cases of NGI extracted from the Northwest Territories Communicable Disease Registry (NWT CDR). Primary, secondary and tertiary health care centres across all ...
Call Jerry - - 2012
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), one of the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract, prior to routine immunohistochemical staining and the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, were often mistaken for neoplasms of smooth muscle origin such as leiomyomas, leiomyosarcomas or leiomyoblastomas. Since the advent of imatinib, GIST has been ...
Haerer Wendy - - 2011
Aims  To investigate associations between HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor (statin) use and muscle strength, balance, mobility and falls in older people. Methods  Five hundred community-dwelling people aged 70-90 years provided information about their medication use and undertook tests of lower limb strength, postural sway, leaning balance (maximal balance range and coordinated ...
Zhao Hua - - 2011
Vitamin-B(12) is a generic term for corrinoid compounds that exhibit the biological activity of cyanocobalamin and are collectively referred to as cobalamins. Methylcobalamin and 5-deoxyadenosylcobalamin are the active cobalamins in human metabolism. Cobalamin plays a crucial role in the maintenance of homocysteine and methylmalonyl-CoA homeostasis and is required for erythrocyte ...
Tsibouris Panagiotis - - 2012
Background:  Overt and occult bleeding are the main indications for a wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) study of the small bowel. Most published studies omit patients aged over 80. Aim:  To determine whether WCE is feasible in patients with overt or occult bleeding over age 80 and to define the spectrum ...
Lind Lars - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Although obesity without metabolic disturbances has been regarded as harmless, we have recently shown that obese subjects without the metabolic syndrome (MetS) has an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) disorders and mortality during long-term follow-up. To investigate the basis for that increased risk, we studied the impact of obesity ...
Fukuta Shoji - - 2011
Retrospective analysis of factors related to kidney-type interbody spacer subsidence (SS) in transforaminal interbody fusion (TLIF). To determine the risk factors for SS in TLIF using kidney-type spacers. SS into the vertebral body, a major complication of TLIF, has not been studied extensively. Between July 2004 and May 2006, 54 ...
Hosseinpanah Farhad - - 2011
Background: In recent decades, more attention has been directed to the clustering of cardiometabolic risk factors in normal-weight adults. This study investigates trends of the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a normal-weight Tehranian adult population during 6.6 years of follow-up. Methods: In this population-based cohort study of 5,269 participants ...
Brian Garry - - 2011
Purpose: To characterize refractive error, presbyopia and their correction among adults aged ≥ 40 years in Fiji, and contribute to a regional overview of these conditions. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional survey using multistage cluster random sampling. Presenting distance and near vision were measured and dilated slitlamp examination performed. Results: The ...
Burrows Raquel A - - 2011
To determine how the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) is related to metabolic risk in a sample of overweight and obese Chilean youths accounting for Tanner stage. A cross-sectional study assessing 486 overweight and obese youths (aged 5-15 years) recruited from the University of Chile, Pediatric Obesity Clinic. ...
Harrington Deirdre M - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of the metabolic equivalent (MET) equation and step rate function of the ActivPAL™ physical activity logger in a group of females. Using a standard treadmill protocol, 62 females aged 15-25 years walked on a treadmill at speeds between 3.2 and ...
Salvi Virginio - - 2011
Aim:  Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is highly prevalent in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). Little research has evaluated the risk profile of MetS and cardiovascular disease in different gender and age groups in these patients. Our aim is to evaluate the prevalence of MetS in Italian patients with BD stratified by ...
Shuumarjav Uurtuya - - 2011
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with chronic inflammation and cardiovascular disease. The present study's aim was to investigate the relationship between serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and MetS in the Mongolian population in comparison to the Japanese population. Two-hundred and eighty-five Mongolian volunteers (males/females: 115/170, mean age 44.9 years) and 326 ...
Coffey Christopher S - - 2011
Background. We used a random sample (n = 2, 495) from the population-based Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-stage Disease (PREVEND) study population to examine the association of the metabolic syndrome (Met S) with plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) antigen levels. Results. The overall ...
Emokpae M A - - 2011
Proteinuria in subjects with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is an indication of an ongoing renal insufficiency and it's prevalence varies between sexes. We evaluated sex differences in the activities of Lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and the levels of lipoproteins in SCA patients with proteinuria. Fifty SCA patients ...
Pašalić Daria - - 2011
To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a healthy elderly Croatian population. Cross-sectional study consisting of a health check including anthropometric measures and food questionnaires as well as analysis of biochemical parameters related to MetS. The diagnostic criteria of the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) were used ...
Lee SoJung - - 2011
It is unknown whether measurement site of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) influences the relationship between VAT and associated health risk in youth and if so, whether ethnic differences exist in this relationship. We examined the influence of the measurement site of VAT on the relationships between VAT and metabolic syndrome ...
Hofmann Jennifer J - - 2010
Mutations in the human Notch ligand jagged 1 (JAG1) result in a multi-system disorder called Alagille syndrome (AGS). AGS is chiefly characterized by a paucity of intrahepatic bile ducts (IHBD), but also includes cardiac, ocular, skeletal, craniofacial and renal defects. The disease penetration and severity of the affected organs can ...
Sokolich Julio - - 2011
Sokolich J, Magliocca J, Kayler LK. Import kidney offers and DonorNet: a view from the trenches. Clin Transplant 2011: 25: 856-863. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract:  The ability of DonorNet2007(®) screening functions to expedite placement of locally rejected kidneys is unknown. We separately evaluated non-mandatory share regional ...
Di Cicco Emiliano - - 2011
The annual fish Nothobranchius furzeri is the shortest-lived vertebrate which can be cultured in captivity. Here, we performed a histopathological analysis of age-related lesions in this species. Post-mortem analysis revealed lesions in liver (~90%), kidney (~75%), heart (~70%) and gonads (~40%) which are similar to those previously described in the ...
Takeshita R S C - - 2011
Knowing the physiological ranges of certain hematological and biochemical parameters is necessary for understanding the alterations caused by pathogenic agents and establishing differences between states of health and disease. Hematological evaluations and clinical chemistry were performed on livers and kidneys from owl monkeys with different sexes and age ranges. Forty-one ...
Poovathumkadavil A - - 2010
To determine a formula for estimating the standard liver volume (SLV) in Middle Eastern Arabic adults and to compare it with the 12 standard liver volume (SLV) formulas reported for eastern and western populations. Liver volume measured using computed tomography (CTLV) was determined in 351 Saudi Arabian adults older than ...
Hoy W E - - 2010
Glomerular hypertrophy occurs in a number of normal and pathological states. Glomerular volume in kidneys at autopsy is usually indirectly derived from estimates of total glomerular mass and nephron number, and provides only a single value per kidney, with no indication of the range of volumes of glomeruli within the ...
Ceriotti Ferruccio - - 2010
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) measurements are important for the assessment of liver damage. The aim of this study was to define the reference intervals (RIs) for these enzymes in adults, paying attention to standardization of the methods used and careful selection of the reference ...
Wang Zimian - - 2010
The specific resting metabolic rates (K(i); in kcal · kg(-1 )· d(-1)) of major organs and tissues in adults were suggested by Elia (in Energy metabolism: tissue determinants and cellular corollaries. New York, NY: Raven Press, 1992) to be as follows: 200 for liver, 240 for brain, 440 for heart ...
Hashimoto Etsuko - - 2011
We provide an update review on the prevalence, gender, ethnic variations, and prognosis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). According to annual health checks, 9-30% of Japanese adults have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) by ultrasonography (US) and prevalence of NASH is estimated to be 1-3%. These conditions are strongly associated with ...
Choi Cheol Woong - - 2010
To identify the associated risk factors for hyperechogenic pancreas (HP) which may be observed on endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and to assess the relationship between HP and obesity. From January 2007 to December 2007, we prospectively enrolled 524 consecutive adults who were scheduled to undergo EUS. Patients with a history of ...
Zois Christos-D - - 2010
To determine the prevalence of steatosis and steatohepatitis in a series of autopsies in Northwestern Greece. Liver biopsy material from a total of 600 autopsies performed over a period of 2 years (2006-2008) to define the cause of death was subjected to histological examination. Patient demographic data were also collected. ...
Pärna Kersti - - 2010
The aim of the study was to describe trends in alcoholic liver cirrhosis mortality rates in 1992-2008 and to examine socio-demographic differences in alcoholic liver cirrhosis mortality. Individual records of deaths from alcoholic liver cirrhosis among 25-64-year olds in 1992-2008 in Estonia were analysed. Age-standardized mortality rates for men and ...
Targher Giovanni - - 2010
We assessed whether nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) diagnosed by liver biopsy is associated with decreased kidney function and whether such association is independent of insulin resistance and features of the metabolic syndrome. We enrolled 80 consecutive overweight patients with biopsy-proven NASH and 80 nonsteatotic control subjects who were matched for age, ...
Takata Akio - - 2010
In recent years, the number of elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been increasing. The aim of this study was to compare the liver function and the background factors of HCC patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection by generation and to examine the characteristics of this disease in ...
Hanjangsit Kesinee - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Reduced kidney size has been proposed as a criterion for clinical diagnosis of Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN). Some studies suggest that smaller kidneys are found in advanced stages of BEN, whereas others reported them in earlier stages. To investigate the clinical course of kidney sizes in the offspring of ...
Hoare Matthew - - 2010
Populations in developed countries continue to grow older and an understanding of the ageing process to allow healthy ageing carries important medical implications. Older individuals are more susceptible to most acquired liver disorders and more vulnerable to the consequences of liver disease. Accordingly, age is a critical determinant of outcome ...
Brown P J - - 2011
Post mortem liver samples from 12 donkeys (Equus asinus) aged 21-57years (4 females, 1 stallion, 7 geldings), were assessed chemically for copper and iron content on a wet weight basis and histologically for stainable iron. Chemical liver copper content ranged from 2.7 to 4.8μg/g (mean 3.5±0.05μg/g). Chemical liver iron content ...
Kasapoglu B - - 2010
The aim of this study is to know if the liver function tests (LFT), especially gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), have a predictive value in diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (MS). A cross-sectional, single-center study was carried out with 908 subjects. Four hundred and forty two of these subjects were diagnosed with ...
Kithas Philip A - - 2010
Although age-related alterations in the structure and function of the kidney may be inevitable, up to one-third of the older population shows no age-related decline in kidney function. As measured by inulin clearance, the healthy elderly population will be able to maintain a normal, albeit lower than their younger counterparts, ...
Król Ewa - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is widespread in the general population. It is generally accepted that worsening renal function is common with aging. However, the question still remains whether it is caused by the natural process of aging or whether coexisting chronic diseases and comorbid conditions contribute to deteriorating renal ...
Weinstein Jessica R - - 2010
Age-associated loss of kidney function has been recognized for decades. With aging, many subjects exhibit progressive decreases in glomerular filtration rate and renal blood flow, with wide variability among individuals. The fall in glomerular filtration rate is because of reductions in the glomerular capillary plasma flow rate and the glomerular ...
Simon-Santamaria Jaione - - 2010
Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) play an essential role in systemic waste clearance by effective endocytosis of blood-borne waste macromolecules. We aimed to study LSECs' scavenger function during aging, and whether age-related morphological changes (eg, defenestration) affect this function, in F344/BN F1 rats. Endocytosis of the scavenger receptor ligand formaldehyde-treated ...
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