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Drury J P JP Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, 612 Charles E. Young Dr. S., Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA - - 2014
Traits that mediate intraspecific social interactions may overlap in closely related sympatric species, resulting in costly between-species interactions. Such interactions have principally interested investigators studying the evolution of reproductive isolation via reproductive character displacement (RCD) or reinforcement, yet in addition to reproductive interference, interspecific trait overlap can lead to costly ...
Nystrand M M School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia - - 2014
It is well established that the parental phenotype can influence offspring phenotypic expression, independent of the effects of the offspring's own genotype. Nonetheless, the evolutionary implications of such parental effects remain unclear, partly because previous studies have generally overlooked the potential for interactions between parental sources of non-genetic variance to ...
Squillace Mary M 1Department of Occupational Therapy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, - - 2014
ABSTRACT This study examined the gross grasp strength and fine motor dexterity of adolescents, who are diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS). A total sample size of 72 participants between the ages of 13 to 17 was studied. Thirty six with a diagnosis of pediatric relapse remitting MS and 36 matched ...
Goeres Leah M LM Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University, Corvallis, USA, - - 2014
Hypertension increases with increasing age. Optimal treatment of hypertension is important to reduce cardiovascular disease. Recent guidelines for hypertension have made recommendations for older adults but are supported by evidence that includes younger individuals. This systematic review evaluates the benefits and harms of antihypertensive agents in adults aged ≥65 years. We ...
Choi Yuri - - 2014
Hybrid nanoparticles composed of multiple components can offer unique opportunities for understanding the nanoscale mechanism and advanced material applications. Here, we report the synthesis of heterodimeric silver-carbon dot nanoparticles (Ag-CD NPs) where Ag NP is grown on the surface of CDs derived from polysaccharide such as chitosan and alginate through ...
Koh D-H DH National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang 410-769, - - 2014
Occupational exposure is estimated to contribute 15% to the burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Welding fumes are suspected to accelerate the decline of lung function and development of COPD. To examine the relationship between welding fume exposure and COPD in Korean shipyard welders. The study involved a group ...
Ao Di D School of Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People's Republic of - - 2014
To explore the stroke- and aging-induced neurological changes in paretic muscles from an entropy point of view, fuzzy approximate entropy (fApEn) was utilized to represent the complexity of EMG signals in elbow-tracking tasks. In the experiment, 11 patients after stroke and 20 healthy control subjects (10 young and 10 age-matched ...
Sargent-Cox Kerry K a Centre for Research on Ageing, Health & Wellbeing, Australian National - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study integrates healthy ageing and health psychology theories to explore the mechanisms underlying the relationship between health control expectancies and age-attitudes on the process of ageing well. Specifically, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between age-stereotypes and health locus of control. Design: A ...
Houston Megan N MN Old Dominion University, Norfolk, - - 2014
Context :  Individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) have reported decreased global and regional function. Despite the identification of functional deficits in those with CAI, more research is required to determine the extent to which CAI influences the multidimensional profile of health-related quality of life. Objective :  To determine whether ...
Javed F F Engineer Abdullah Bugshan Research Chair for Growth Factors and Bone Regeneration, 3D Imaging and Biomechanical Laboratory, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
The aim was to compare the periodontal inflammatory conditions among habitual gutka-chewers and betel-quid (BQ) chewers. Forty-five gutka-chewers, 45 BQ-chewers and 50 non-chewers (controls) were included. Demographic data regarding age, gender, duration and frequency of gutka and BQ chewing habits and gingival bleeding was collected using a questionnaire. Clinical periodontal ...
Oztürk Gökhan Tuna GT From the Ankara Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Training and Research Hospital, Ankara (GTÖ, FÜM, MK); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Ankara Occupational Diseases Hospital, Ankara (MTY, AEB); Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Süleyman Demirel University Medical School, Isparta (EEİ); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Dicle University Medical School, Diyarbakır (İB, LY); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Konya Numune Hospital, Konya (AYK); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, İstanbul University Medical School, İstanbul (DD); and Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara Turkey - - 2014
The aims of this study were to measure the distal femoral cartilage thicknesses of patients with pes planus by using ultrasound imaging and to explore whether ultrasound measurements are associated with degree of pes planus. One hundred seven patients (61 men, 46 women; aged 18-45 yrs) with pes planus and ...
Bernhardt Dominik D Institute of Molecular Biosciences and Cluster of Excellence Frankfurt Macromolecular Complexes, Department of Biosciences, J.W. Goethe University, Frankfurt, - - 2014
Time-dependent impairments of mitochondrial function play a key role in biological aging. Work on fungal aging models has been instrumental in unraveling basic mechanisms leading to mitochondrial dysfunction and the identification of different pathways active in keeping mitochondria 'healthy' over time. Pathways including those involved in reactive oxygen scavenging, repair ...
Costa Suelen F SF Urogenital Research Unit - State University of Rio de Janeiro - - - 2014
The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the structure of the gubernaculum testis in fetuses with Prune Belly Syndrome (PBS) to normal controls. We studied 6 gubernaculums obtained from 3 male fetuses with PBS and 14 gubernaculums obtained from 7 male fetuses without anomalies. The gubernacular specimes ...
Liu Jian-Wei JW Division of Nanomaterials & Chemistry, Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, Department of Chemistry, Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (P.R. China) - - 2014
Manipulating nanowire assembly could help the design of hierarchical structures with unique functionalities. Herein, we first report a facile solution-based process under ambient conditions for co-assembling two kinds of nanowires which have suitable composition and functionalities, such as Ag and Te nanowires, for the fabrication of flexible transparent electrodes. Then ...
Piitulainen Eeva E 1Departments of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University , Malmö , - - 2014
Abstract Alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is a genetic risk factor for pulmonary emphysema. In 1972-74 all 200,000 Swedish new-born infants were screened for AAT deficiency. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the PiZZ and PiSZ individuals identified by this screening have signs of emphysema and the role ...
Ali Batool B Resident, Department of Orthodontics, Section of Dentistry, Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, - - 2014
The association of sella turcica bridging and various dental anomalies has been an area of interest for researchers. Based on the evidence of a common embryologic origin between sella turcica and the teeth, the objectives of this study were to measure the dimensions of sella turcica and to test whether ...
Shi Haiyuan H Soldier Performance Centre, Singapore Armed Forces Medical Corps, 701 Transit Road No. 03-04 Singapore - - 2014
A case-control study among Singapore Armed Forces' newly enlisted Servicemen was conducted to examine factors associated with male obesity. Four hundred and fifty-nine individuals from the Obese Basic Military Training program were selected as "cases" (average age: 19.5, body mass index: 30.4) and another 340 individuals were selected from the ...
Ko Yi-An YA Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2014
Rationale. Asthma is a variable condition with an apparent tendency for a natural decline in asthma symptoms and health care use occurring as children age. As a result, asthma interventions using a pre-post design may overestimate the intervention effect when no proper control group is available. Objectives. Investigate patterns of ...
Battaglia G G Dipartimento di Scienze Giuridiche della Società e dello Sport Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italia - - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of 3 years of sport-specific training background (SSTB) on vertical jumping and throwing performance in young female basketball and volleyball players. Thirty-one healthy adolescent girls, of which 11 age-matched control subjects [C], 10 basketballers (BP) and 10 volleyballers (VP) participated ...
Paccou Julien J From the Department of Rheumatology; INSERM U1088 (Pathophysiological mechanisms and consequences of cardiovascular calcification: role of cardiovascular and bone remodelling); Clinical Research Center, Division of Clinical Pharmacology; Department of Endocrine and Bone Biology, Amiens University Hospital, Amiens; Department of Nephrology, Amboise Paré University Hospital, Boulogne Billancourt, France. J. Paccou, MD, PhD; P. Fardellone, MD, PhD, Department of Rheumatology, INSERM U1088; C. Renard, MD; S. Kamel, PhD, INSERM U1088; S. Liabeuf, PharmD, PhD, INSERM U1088, Clinical Research Center, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Amiens University Hospital; Z.A. Massy, MD, PhD, INSERM U1088, Amiens University Hospital, Department of Nephrology, Amboise Paré University Hospital; M. Brazier, MD, PharmD, PhD; R. Mentaverri, PharmD, PhD, INSERM U1088; Department of Endocrine and Bone Biology, Amiens University Hospital. Address correspondence to Dr. J. Paccou, Department of Rheumatology, Amiens University Hospital, FR-80054 Amiens, France. E-mail: julienpaccou@yahoo.fr. Accepted for publication July 25, - - 2014
To assess the influence of traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, disease characteristics, and concomitant treatments in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on coronary artery calcification (CAC) and abdominal aorta calcification (AAC). In our cross-sectional study, 75 patients with RA were compared with 75 age-matched and sex-matched control participants. The CAC ...
Toosizadeh Nima N Interdisciplinary Consortium on Advanced Motion Performance (iCAMP) and Southern Arizona Limb Salvage Alliance (SALSA), Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz., - - 2014
Background: As the population of older adults quickly increases, the incidence of frailty syndrome, a reduction in physiological reserve across multiple physiological systems, likewise increases. To date, impaired balance has been associated with frailty; however, the underlying frailty-related postural balance mechanisms remain unclear. Objective: The aim of the current study ...
Nelson Jonathan W JW Department of Anesthesiology & Perioperative Medicine Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239-3098, USA; The Knight Cardiovascular Institute Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239-3098, - - 2014
P450 eicosanoids are important regulators of the cerebral microcirculation, but their role in cerebral small vessel disease is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is linked to reduced cerebral microvascular eicosanoid signaling. We analyzed human brain tissue from individuals formerly enrolled in the Oregon Brain Aging ...
Alessandri Guido G Sapienza University of Rome, Roma, Italy - - 2014
The present prospective study examined the prediction of prosociality from effortful control and ego-resiliency from late adolescence to emerging adulthood. Participants were 476 young adults (239 males and 237 females) with a mean age of 16 years (SD = .81) at T1, 18 years (SD = .83) at T2, 20 ...
Lee Hee Jung HJ Department of Dermatology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, - - 2014
The use of growth factors in skin rejuvenation is emerging as a novel anti-aging treatment. While the role of growth factors in wound healing is well established, their use in skin rejuvenation has only recently been to be studied and no controlled trials have been performed. We evaluated the anti-aging ...
Yavas Güliz Fatma GF Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Afyon Kocatepe University, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, - - 2014
To evaluate retinal function objectively in subjects with different stages of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) and compare it with age-matched control group. A total of 42 subjects with AMD and 37 age-matched healthy control group aged over 55 years were included in this prospective study. mfERG test ...
Manenti Tommaso T Department of Bioscience, Genetics, Ecology and Evolution, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 114-116, Buildg. 1540, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark, - - 2014
The ability to move is essential for many behavioural traits closely related to fitness. Here we studied the effect of inbreeding on locomotor activity (LA) of Drosophila melanogaster at different ages under both dark and light regimes. We expected to find a decreased LA in inbred lines compared to control ...
Gildengers Ariel G AG Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of - - 2014
Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with cognitive dysfunction and structural brain abnormalities. In human and non-human studies, lithium has been related to neuroprotective and neurotrophic effects. We explored whether lithium treatment is related to better brain integrity and cognitive function in older adults with BD. We examined cognitive and neuroimaging ...
Watling Christopher N CN Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety - Queensland, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, K Block, 130 Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Queensland 4059, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Driver sleepiness is a major contributor to road crashes. The current study sought to examine the association between perceptions of effectiveness of six sleepiness countermeasures and their relationship with self-reports of continuing to drive while sleepy among 309 drivers after controlling for the influence of age, sex, motivation for driving ...
Madison Farrah N FN Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In songbirds, such as canaries (Serinus canaria), the song control circuit has been shown to undergo a remarkable change in morphology in response to exogenous testosterone (T). It is also well established that HVC, a telencephalic nucleus involved in song production, is significantly larger in males than in females. T ...
Löfvander Monica M Centre for Clinical Research Västmanland - Uppsala University, Sweden Center for Family Medicine, Department of Neurobiology, Caring Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Family and Preventive Medicine, Uppsala University, Sweden - - 2014
Aim: To examine whether new immigrants had inferior quality-of-life, well-being and general functioning compared with Swedish age- and sex-matched controls. Methods: A prospective case-control study was designed including immigrants from non-European countries, 18-65 years of age, with recent Permanent Permits to Stay (PPS) in Sweden, and age- and sex-matched Swedish-born ...
Clarke Kristie L KL Goulburn Valley Equine Hospital, Shepparton, Victoria, - - 2014
To determine if arthroscopic surgery performed on weanlings/yearlings with trochlear ridge OCD of the femur (stifle OCD), or intermediate ridge of the tibia (tarsal OCD) detected on routine presale radiographs affects future racing performance. Retrospective case control study. Thoroughbred weanlings and yearlings. Stifle (N = 37; 22 male, 15 female) and tarsal ...
Fricke Claudia C University of East Anglia; University of - - 2014
Across taxa, female behavior and physiology changes significantly following the receipt of ejaculate molecules during mating. For example, receipt of sex peptide (SP) in female Drosophila melanogaster significantly alters female receptivity, egg production, lifespan, hormone levels, immunity, sleep and feeding patterns. These changes are underpinned by distinct tissue- and time-specific ...
Islan German A GA Nanobiomaterials Laboratory, Institute of Applied Biotechnology CINDEFI (UNLP-CONICET, CCT La Plata), Dept of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Calle 47y 115, La Plata 1900, - - 2014
Screening of biopolymeric gel beads containing Silver NanoParticles (Ag-NPs) stabilized in Guar Gum Alkyl Amine (GGAA) and Ciprofloxacin (Cip) was carried out in order to obtain a novel nanocomposite with controlled release profile of both antimicrobians. The selected matrix composed of Alginate/High Methoxyl Pectin (HMP)/GGAA (4:4:1) was able to co-incorporate ...
Durrleman Stephanie S Institute of Cognitive Science, CNRS, Lyon, France; Department of Linguistics, University of Geneva, Geneva, - - 2014
The few studies that have evaluated syntax in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have yielded conflicting findings: some suggest that once matched on mental age, ASD and typically developing controls do not differ for grammar, while others report that morphosyntactic deficits are independent of cognitive skills in ASD. There is a ...
Paulsen David J DJ Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated changes in brain function supporting inhibitory control under age-controlled incentivized conditions, separating age- and performance-related activation in an accelerated longitudinal design including 10- to 22-year-olds. Better inhibitory control correlated with striatal activation during neutral trials, while Age X Behavior interactions in the striatum indicated that in the absence ...
Csermely Gyula G RMC Fetal Medicine Center, Budapest, - - 2014
Multiple congenital abnormalities are caused by chromosomal aberrations, mutant major genes and teratogens. A minor proportion of these patients are identified as syndromes but the major part belonging to the group of unclassified multiple CAs (UMCAs). The main objective of this study was to evaluate the maternal age and birth ...
Alfonsson Sven S Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Box 1225, 751 42, Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Findings regarding psychological risk factors for low weight loss after bariatric surgery have been inconsistent. The association between gender and weight outcome is unclear while younger age has been consistently shown to be associated with better weight outcome. The aim of this study was to analyze the interactions between gender ...
Paccou J J Department of Rheumatology, Amiens University Medical Center, F-80054 Amiens; - - 2014
Context: Recent data indicate that the secreted glycoprotein sclerostin may be involved in vascular calcification (VC). Objective: To establish whether serum sclerostin levels are associated with VC in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Ambulatory care. Patients: We compared 75 RA patients with 75 age- and gender-matched ...
O'Malley Michael P MP Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, U.S.A.. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of our study was to investigate the relation between posterior tibial slope and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture in patients with open physes. A retrospective case-control study was performed comparing skeletally immature patients with an ACL rupture with an age-matched control group. Posterior tibial slope was measured on ...
Lally Lindsay L Department of Rheumatology, Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Medicine, Weill-Cornell Medical College, Autoimmunity and Inflammation Program, Hospital for Special Surgery and Department of Clinical Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Weill-Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA. Department of Rheumatology, Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Medicine, Weill-Cornell Medical College, Autoimmunity and Inflammation Program, Hospital for Special Surgery and Department of Clinical Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Weill-Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA. - - 2014
Aberrant rho kinase (ROCK) activity is implicated in the pathogenesis of several vascular diseases and is associated with Th17 differentiation. Th17 immune response is recognized in the pathogenesis of GCA. The aim of this study was to assess ROCK activity in GCA. All patients who underwent temporal artery biopsy (TAB) ...
Koga Monji M Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a well-known genetic disorder characterized by café-au-lait spots and neurofibromas, but many other clinical characteristics and associated comorbidities also have been reported. This study aimed to characterize NF1 further by investigating its association with anthropometric characteristics and other diseases. We performed a case-control study of ...
Sanches Vinicius S VS Biological and Health Sciences Centre, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, - - 2014
Respiratory muscle strength (RMS) is a determinant of vital capacity, and its decline can lead to inadequate ventilation and deficiency in the elimination of secretions from the airways. Studies analyzing RMS in older adults with Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) remain scarce, making the analysis of this variable ...
Goh Liang Kee LK Centre for Quantitative Medicine, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore, - - 2014
We previously reported TOMM40 to be significantly down-regulated in whole blood of Alzheimer's disease (AD) subjects at baseline and after one-year. In this longitudinal follow-up study of TOMM40 expression up to 2 years, we performed 6-monthly assessments for the first year and 2nd year blood sampling on 27 probable AD ...
Friesema I H M IH Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM),Bilthoven,The - - 2014
SUMMARY Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections have been associated with severe illness. Ruminants are seen as the main reservoir and the major transmission route is considered to be foodborne. In The Netherlands, a case-control study was conducted, using data collected during 2008-2012. Patients were interviewed and controls completed a ...
Kaczynski Andrew T AT Department of Health Promotion, Education and Behavior, Prevention Research Center, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 915 Greene Street, Room 529, Columbia, SC 29208. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the potential efficacy of using point-of-decision prompts to influence intentions to be active in a park setting. In June 2013, participants from across the U.S. (n=250) completed an online experiment using Amazon's Mechanical Turk and Survey Monkey. Participants were randomly exposed to a park photo containing a persuasive, ...
Huang Lvzhen L Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, PR - - 2014
Purpose: rs1999930 and rs4711751 have recently been identified as novel variants associated with advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in populations of European ancestry. We aimed to investigate whether these two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with neovascular AMD (nAMD) or with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), a variant of AMD ...
Song Jinsup J Gait Study Center, Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine, 148 N 8th St., 2nd Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107-2496, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the effects of weight reduction on foot structure, gait, and dynamic plantar loading in obese adults. In a 3-month randomized-controlled trial, participants were randomized to receive either a weight loss intervention based on portion-controlled meals or a delayed-treatment control. 41 adults (32 F, 9 M) with a mean±SD ...
Pryor Lee N LN Intensive Care Unit, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, Australia; The University of Queensland, School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, St Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The presence of a nasogastric tube (NGT) affects swallowing physiology but not function in healthy young adults. The swallowing mechanism changes with increasing age, therefore the impact of a NGT on swallowing in elderly individuals is likely to be different but is not yet known. The aims of this study ...
Singer Jonathan C JC Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L - - 2014
Research examining age-related changes in dynamic stability during stepping has recognised the importance of the restabilisation phase, subsequent to foot-contact. While regulation of the net ground reaction force (GRFnet) line of action is believed to influence dynamic stability during steady-state locomotion, such control during restabilisation remains unknown. This work explored ...
Sapir Amir A Division of Biology and Biological Engineering and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA - - 2014
Many metabolic pathways are critically regulated during development and aging but little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying this regulation. One key metabolic cascade in eukaryotes is the mevalonate pathway. It catalyzes the synthesis of sterol and nonsterol isoprenoids, such as cholesterol and ubiquinone, as well as other metabolites. ...
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