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Results 1 - 50 of 1997
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Drury J P JP Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, 612 Charles E. Young Dr. S., Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA - - 2014
Traits that mediate intraspecific social interactions may overlap in closely related sympatric species, resulting in costly between-species interactions. Such interactions have principally interested investigators studying the evolution of reproductive isolation via reproductive character displacement (RCD) or reinforcement, yet in addition to reproductive interference, interspecific trait overlap can lead to costly ...
Tognon R R Crop Protection Department, Faculty of Agronomy,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul,Av. Bento Gonçalves 7712, 91540-000, Porto Alegre, - - 2014
The egg parasitoid Telenomus podisi is a natural control agent of pentatomids, including Euschistus heros and Tibraca limbativentris, and success of parasitism is dependent upon the parasitoid finding the host. We tested the influence of host egg volatiles and the synthetic sex pheromone (zingiberenol) of T. limbativentris on chemotaxic behaviour ...
El-Domyati Moetaz M Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Minya University, Al-Minya, - - 2014
The nail unit is an important part of cosmetic appearance of an individual. Older people are at an increased risk of nail alterations, including normal age-related changes and disorders that more commonly affect this specific population. To identify and evaluate the age-related nail changes and disorders in Egyptian elderly people ...
Nuzzi Laura C LC Boston, Mass. From the Adolescent Breast Clinic, Department of Plastic and Oral Surgery, Division of Adolescent/Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical - - 2014
This study measures the impact of adolescent breast asymmetry compared with macromastia and female controls. The following surveys were given to patients with breast asymmetry, macromastia, and controls aged 12 to 21 years: Short Form Health Survey, Version 2 (Short Form-36), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Eating Attitudes Test. ...
Altundag Aytug A Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Istanbul Surgery Hospital, Ferah Sok. No. 22, Nisantası, 34365 Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Halitosis and olfactory dysfunction may disrupt an individual's quality of life remarkably. One may ask whether halitosis has effects on olfactory functions or not? Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the olfactory abilities of subjects with chronic halitosis evaluated using the measurements of volatile sulfur compounds. This ...
Qin Chuan C Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Aortic dissection (AD) is a disease characterized by a tear in the aortic intimal layer and separation of the arterial wall. Some risk factors, such as hypertension and Marfan syndrome, are well known in AD, but the role of genetic factor is largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the ...
Mullane Jennifer C JC a Department of Psychology and Neuroscience , Dalhousie University , Halifax , Nova Scotia , - - 2014
A sex-balanced sample (N = 96) of children from age 6.5 to age 12.5 completed a modified Attention Network Test. Across these ages, we found evidence for developmental changes to alerting and executive control but stable orienting. Additionally, we found that the youngest members of our sample manifested an interaction between alerting ...
Grimaldi Daniela D Department of Biomedical and NeuroMotor Sciences, Clinica Neurologica, University of Bologna - Alma Mater Studiorum , Bologna , Italy - - 2014
A thermogenic handicap has been proposed as potential contributor to weight gain in obese subjects but results from clinical studies are inconclusive. We tested whether diurnal and nocturnal body core temperature (BcT) measured for 20-h differed in nine obese subjects compared with 12 lean healthy controls when studied at rest ...
Brown Elizabeth C - - 2014
This study aimed to determine whether tongue stiffness (shear modulus) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is different for controls matched for age, sex, and body mass index (BMI), and to investigate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on stiffness. Controlled experimental study. Medical research institute. Patients ...
Idorn Luise Winkel LW Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark. - - 2014
Previous studies on the association of solar lentigines with ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure have been based on retrospective questionnaires about UVR exposure. We aimed to investigate the association between solar lentigines and UVR exposure in healthy individuals using objective measurements, and to investigate the association between solar lentigines and cutaneous ...
Argento Ornella O a Neurology and Neurorehabilitation Unit , IRCCS "Santa Lucia" Foundation , Rome , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to develop two versions of the California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT-II) and to administer them to a large sample of healthy controls representative of the normal Italian population for sex, age, and education levels. Two hundred and eighty healthy controls entered the study and ...
Bayraktar Fatih F Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, Turkey - - 2014
Although the research on cyberbullying has increased dramatically in recent years, still little is known about how cyberbullying participant groups (i.e., cyberbullies, cybervictims, and cyberbully-victims) differ from one another. This study aims to discriminate between these groups at an individual and relational level by controlling for age and gender. Self-control, ...
Fei Jinbo J Beijing National Laboratory for Molecule Sciences, CAS Key Lab of Colloid, Interface and Chemical Thermodynamics, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Zhong Guan Cun, Beijing, 100190, - - 2014
Templating Ag(+) -induced supramolecular assembly at different temperatures, porous TiO2 -Ag nanotubes and nanospheres are fabricated in a controlled manner due to the effect of Rayleigh instability. Compared with traditional TiO2 nanoparticles, TiO2 -Ag nanostructures above show much more extensive visible light absorption and exhibit the noticeably plasmon-enhanced photocatalysis because ...
Nasseri Y Y YY Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida, 2950 Cleveland Clinic Blvd., Weston, FL, 33331, - - 2014
While hemorrhoidal disease is common, its etiology remains unclear. It has been postulated that disturbances in collagen lead to reduced connective tissue stability, and in turn to the development of hemorrhoidal disease. We aimed to compare the quality and quantity of collagen in patients with hemorrhoidal disease versus normal controls. ...
Graham Sarah A SA School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, College of Health and Human Services, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA, 92182-7251, - - 2014
Impairments in sensorimotor integration are reported in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Poor control of balance in challenging balance tasks is one suggested manifestation of these impairments, and is potentially related to ASD symptom severity. Reported balance and symptom severity relationships disregard age as a potential covariate, however, despite its involvement ...
Nystrand M M School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia - - 2014
It is well established that the parental phenotype can influence offspring phenotypic expression, independent of the effects of the offspring's own genotype. Nonetheless, the evolutionary implications of such parental effects remain unclear, partly because previous studies have generally overlooked the potential for interactions between parental sources of non-genetic variance to ...
Basaran B B Anesthesiology Department, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Kılıçarslan Mah, Nurdağ Sk., Sinanoba Sitesi, B-blok No:19, Selçuklu, 42080, Konya, Turkey, - - 2014
Preeclampsia is characterized by increased extracellular fluid which manifests as generalized edema due to endothelial injury and subsequent capillary leak. Therefore, preeclampsia may lead to increased skin to subarachnoid distance (SSD) which may influence daily clinical practice in this particular gravid population. Age- and height-matched gravidas with and without preeclampsia ...
Ho Mandy M Discipline of Paediatrics & Child Health, The Children's Hospital at Westmead Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia Institute of Endocrinology and Diabetes, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
To determine whether arterial elasticity differs between obese adolescents with clinical insulin resistance (IR), type 1 diabetes (T1D) and healthy non-obese controls. This cross-sectional study evaluated 69 adolescents with clinical IR, 91 with T1D and 63 age-matched (10- to 18-year-old) controls. Arterial elasticity was measured using radial tonometry pulse-wave analysis. ...
Grattagliano Ignazio I Department of Criminology and Forensic Psychiatry, University of Bari, Bari, - - 2014
A group of sex offenders (clinical group: n = 19) was compared to a nonclinical sample matched by age, years of education, and gender (control group A: n = 19) to verify a higher incidence of insecure attachment models among sex offenders. In addition, we tested whether sex offenders were characterized by specific childhood ...
Wells A J AJ Haemophilia, Haemostasis & Thrombosis Centre, Basingstoke & North Hampshire Hospital, Basingstoke, UK; University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, - - 2014
It has been shown that bone mineral density (BMD) may be lower in patients with haemophilia (PWH). A comparison to control subjects is required to thoroughly assess current BMD in PWH in the UK. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that BMD is lower in PWH ...
Bredella Miriam A MA Department of Radiology, Musculoskeletal Imaging and Intervention, Massachusetts General Hospital, Yawkey 6E, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA, 02114, USA, - - 2014
To assess MRI measures to quantify pelvic morphology that may predispose to ischiofemoral impingement (IFI). We hypothesized that patients with IFI have a wider interischial distance and an increased femoral neck angle compared with normal controls. The study was IRB-approved and complied with HIPAA guidelines. IFI was diagnosed based on ...
Meilleur Andrée-Anne S AA The University of Montreal Center of Excellence for Pervasive Developmental Disorders (CETEDUM), Hôpital Rivière-des-Prairies, 7070 Perras Blvd., Montreal, QC, H1E 1A4, Canada, - - 2014
Outstanding skills, including special isolated skills (SIS) and perceptual peaks (PP) are frequent features of autism. However, their reported prevalence varies between studies and their co-occurrence is unknown. We determined the prevalence of SIS in a large group of 254 autistic individuals and searched for PP in 46 of these ...
Gebhart Jeremy J JJ *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospitals, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH †The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
The etiology of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is multifactorial, but the role of sagittal balance of the pelvis as a contributing factor to its development has not been well studied. Our primary purpose was to determine whether a smaller pelvic incidence (PI), a position-independent anatomic parameter that regulates pelvic ...
Martins Bruna B Department of Psychology and Department of Gerontology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0191, USA - - 2014
Different emotion regulation strategies are distinctly represented in the brains of younger adults. Decreasing a reaction to a negative situation by reinterpreting it (reappraisal) relies on cognitive control regions in the prefrontal cortex, while distracting away from a stressor involves more posterior medial structures. In this study, we used Multi-Voxel ...
Morris B P BP Department of Colorectal Surgery, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, - - 2014
Design:An age- and gender-matched case-control study.Objective:To compare colonoscopy after spinal cord injury (SCI) with the general population in terms of indications, bowel preparation, technical success and disease detection.Setting:Victoria, Australia.Methods:Consecutive SCI colonoscopies between January 1998 and February 2013 were compared with a randomly selected age- and gender-matched control group. Injury level, ...
Hsiao Chun-Nan - - 2014
Betel quid chewing is associated with the periodontal status; however, results of epidemiological studies are inconsistent. To the best of our knowledge, no study has reported radiographic alveolar bone loss (RABL) associated with betel quid chewing. This survey was conducted in an aboriginal community in Taiwan because almost all betel ...
Goldschmidt Andrea B AB From the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience (A.B.G.), The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; Departments of Biostatistics (R.D.C., L.C.) and Clinical Research (S.G.E., S.A.W.), Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Fargo, North Dakota; Department of Clinical Neuroscience (R.D.C., S.G.E., S.A.W.), University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Fargo, North Dakota; Department of Psychiatry (N.D., K.C.B., S.J.C., C.B.P.), University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota; Department of Clinical Operations (H.M.B.), Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minnesota; and Department of Research (S.J.C.), The Emily Program, St Paul, - - 2014
The context of eating episodes in obesity is poorly understood. This study examined emotional, physiological, and environmental correlates of pathological and nonpathological eating episodes in a heterogeneous sample of obese adults. Community-based participants (n = 50; 84% female [n = 42]; mean [standard deviation] body mass index = 40.3 [8.5]; ...
McClean Gavin G Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Tom Reilly Building, Byrom Street, Liverpool L3 3AF, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to establish the degree of structural and functional adaptations in the left (LA) and right atria (RA) in elite male athletes engaged in 'high dynamic : high static' (HDHS) and 'low dynamic : high static' (LDHS) sporting disciplines compared with sedentary controls. Eighteen male, ...
Yiallouros Panayiotis K PK Cyprus International Institute for Environmental and Public Health in association with Harvard School of Public Health, Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol, - - 2014
Background: Several studies have examined the relationship of asthma with serum dyslipidemia and reported positive, negative or no association. Most studies were limited by their cross-sectional design and the wide age range of the participants. In a cohort of children in Cyprus, we explored the association of asthma with serum ...
Bergman Ingvar I Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, - - 2014
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of physical health on neuropsychological test norms. Medical and neuropsychological data from 118 healthy volunteer controls, aged 26-91 years, were collected during five recruitment occasions. The examinations included a clinical investigation, brain neuroimaging, and a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery. Test-specific ...
Bozkurt Ali A Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Near East University, Near East Boulevard, Nicosia-TRNC, Mersin 10, Turkey, - - 2014
Western studies have consistently found that androphilic (sexually attracted to men) male-to-female transsexuals have a later birth order and a relative excess of brothers compared with appropriate control participants. However, non-Western studies on birth order and sibling sex ratio in androphilic males (transsexual or non-transsexual) are rare. The objective of ...
Olde Dubbelink Kim T E KT From the Departments of Neurology (K.T.E.O.D., H.W.B.), Anatomy and Neurosciences (M.M.S.), Clinical Neuropsychology (J.B.D.), Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics (J.W.R.T.), and Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam (F.B.), VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. - - 2014
To evaluate fMRI whole-brain resting-state functional connectivity changes in relation to cognitive decline in Parkinson disease (PD) over a 3-year period. Resting-state fMRI scans were acquired in 55 patients with PD (mean age 65.8 years, SD 6.37; average disease duration 9.24 years, SD 3.96) and 15 matched controls (mean age ...
Yang Yanqiong - - 2014
Construction of superstructures with controllable morphologies from NPs is of great scientific and technological importance. A one-step method for simultaneous synthesis and assembly of Ag NPs to three-dimensional (3D) nanoporous superstructures is demonstrated. By varying the adsorption time of Ag precursors, an array of well-defined Ag superstructures with different morphologies ...
Weiland Barbara J BJ Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, - - 2014
Altered functional connectivity has been associated with acute and chronic nicotine use. Connectivity alterations, specifically in the right and left executive control networks (RECN/LECN) and the default mode network (DMN), may contribute to the addiction cycle. The objective of this study was to determine if executive control network (ECN) and ...
Linnarsson Dag D Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden - - 2014
Exposure to artificial gravity (AG) in a short arm centrifuge has potential benefits for maintaining human performance during long-term space missions. Eleven subjects were investigated during three campaigns of five days head down bed rest: 1) bed rest without countermeasures (control), 2) bed rest and 30 min of AG (AG1) ...
Squillace Mary M 1Department of Occupational Therapy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, - - 2014
ABSTRACT This study examined the gross grasp strength and fine motor dexterity of adolescents, who are diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS). A total sample size of 72 participants between the ages of 13 to 17 was studied. Thirty six with a diagnosis of pediatric relapse remitting MS and 36 matched ...
Giurgea Georgiana-Aura GA Department of Medicine II, Division of Angiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Objective. To assess the relation of age and body mass index (BMI) to skin temperature and perfusion in patients with primary Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) in comparison with controls. Methods. Patients with RP as well as age- and sex-matched controls underwent external cold provocation by exposure to 20° Celsius tempered water ...
Goeres Leah M LM Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University, Corvallis, USA, - - 2014
Hypertension increases with increasing age. Optimal treatment of hypertension is important to reduce cardiovascular disease. Recent guidelines for hypertension have made recommendations for older adults but are supported by evidence that includes younger individuals. This systematic review evaluates the benefits and harms of antihypertensive agents in adults aged ≥65 years. We ...
Choi Yuri - - 2014
Hybrid nanoparticles composed of multiple components can offer unique opportunities for understanding the nanoscale mechanism and advanced material applications. Here, we report the synthesis of heterodimeric silver-carbon dot nanoparticles (Ag-CD NPs) where Ag NP is grown on the surface of CDs derived from polysaccharide such as chitosan and alginate through ...
Koh D-H DH National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang 410-769, - - 2014
Occupational exposure is estimated to contribute 15% to the burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Welding fumes are suspected to accelerate the decline of lung function and development of COPD. To examine the relationship between welding fume exposure and COPD in Korean shipyard welders. The study involved a group ...
Ao Di D School of Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People's Republic of - - 2014
To explore the stroke- and aging-induced neurological changes in paretic muscles from an entropy point of view, fuzzy approximate entropy (fApEn) was utilized to represent the complexity of EMG signals in elbow-tracking tasks. In the experiment, 11 patients after stroke and 20 healthy control subjects (10 young and 10 age-matched ...
Sargent-Cox Kerry K a Centre for Research on Ageing, Health & Wellbeing, Australian National - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study integrates healthy ageing and health psychology theories to explore the mechanisms underlying the relationship between health control expectancies and age-attitudes on the process of ageing well. Specifically, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between age-stereotypes and health locus of control. Design: A ...
Houston Megan N MN Old Dominion University, Norfolk, - - 2014
Context :  Individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) have reported decreased global and regional function. Despite the identification of functional deficits in those with CAI, more research is required to determine the extent to which CAI influences the multidimensional profile of health-related quality of life. Objective :  To determine whether ...
Javed F F Engineer Abdullah Bugshan Research Chair for Growth Factors and Bone Regeneration, 3D Imaging and Biomechanical Laboratory, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
The aim was to compare the periodontal inflammatory conditions among habitual gutka-chewers and betel-quid (BQ) chewers. Forty-five gutka-chewers, 45 BQ-chewers and 50 non-chewers (controls) were included. Demographic data regarding age, gender, duration and frequency of gutka and BQ chewing habits and gingival bleeding was collected using a questionnaire. Clinical periodontal ...
Oztürk Gökhan Tuna GT From the Ankara Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Training and Research Hospital, Ankara (GTÖ, FÜM, MK); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Ankara Occupational Diseases Hospital, Ankara (MTY, AEB); Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Süleyman Demirel University Medical School, Isparta (EEİ); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Dicle University Medical School, Diyarbakır (İB, LY); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Konya Numune Hospital, Konya (AYK); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, İstanbul University Medical School, İstanbul (DD); and Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara Turkey - - 2014
The aims of this study were to measure the distal femoral cartilage thicknesses of patients with pes planus by using ultrasound imaging and to explore whether ultrasound measurements are associated with degree of pes planus. One hundred seven patients (61 men, 46 women; aged 18-45 yrs) with pes planus and ...
Bernhardt Dominik D Institute of Molecular Biosciences and Cluster of Excellence Frankfurt Macromolecular Complexes, Department of Biosciences, J.W. Goethe University, Frankfurt, - - 2014
Time-dependent impairments of mitochondrial function play a key role in biological aging. Work on fungal aging models has been instrumental in unraveling basic mechanisms leading to mitochondrial dysfunction and the identification of different pathways active in keeping mitochondria 'healthy' over time. Pathways including those involved in reactive oxygen scavenging, repair ...
Costa Suelen F SF Urogenital Research Unit - State University of Rio de Janeiro - - - 2014
The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the structure of the gubernaculum testis in fetuses with Prune Belly Syndrome (PBS) to normal controls. We studied 6 gubernaculums obtained from 3 male fetuses with PBS and 14 gubernaculums obtained from 7 male fetuses without anomalies. The gubernacular specimes ...
Liu Jian-Wei JW Division of Nanomaterials & Chemistry, Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, Department of Chemistry, Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (P.R. China) - - 2014
Manipulating nanowire assembly could help the design of hierarchical structures with unique functionalities. Herein, we first report a facile solution-based process under ambient conditions for co-assembling two kinds of nanowires which have suitable composition and functionalities, such as Ag and Te nanowires, for the fabrication of flexible transparent electrodes. Then ...
Piitulainen Eeva E 1Departments of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University , Malmö , - - 2014
Abstract Alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is a genetic risk factor for pulmonary emphysema. In 1972-74 all 200,000 Swedish new-born infants were screened for AAT deficiency. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the PiZZ and PiSZ individuals identified by this screening have signs of emphysema and the role ...
Ali Batool B Resident, Department of Orthodontics, Section of Dentistry, Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, - - 2014
The association of sella turcica bridging and various dental anomalies has been an area of interest for researchers. Based on the evidence of a common embryologic origin between sella turcica and the teeth, the objectives of this study were to measure the dimensions of sella turcica and to test whether ...
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