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Shen Yunfan - - 2014
We herein report that spherical and sheetlike Ag/AgCl nanostructures could be controllably synthesized by means of chemical reactions between AgNO3 and cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) surfactant. In this synthesis system, AgNO3 works as silver source, while CTAC serves not only as chlorine source but also as directing reagent for a controllable ...
Grazioplene Rachael G RG Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
This study examined the association between size of the caudate nuclei and intelligence. Based on the central role of the caudate in learning, as well as neuroimaging studies linking greater caudate volume to better attentional function, verbal ability, and dopamine receptor availability, we hypothesized the existence of a positive association ...
Drury J P JP Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, 612 Charles E. Young Dr. S., Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA - - 2014
Traits that mediate intraspecific social interactions may overlap in closely related sympatric species, resulting in costly between-species interactions. Such interactions have principally interested investigators studying the evolution of reproductive isolation via reproductive character displacement (RCD) or reinforcement, yet in addition to reproductive interference, interspecific trait overlap can lead to costly ...
Kan J Herman JH E.B. Singleton Pediatric Radiology, Texas Children's Hospital, 6701 Fannin Street, Suite 470, Houston, TX, 77030-2399, - - 2014
Fragmentary ossification of the inferior patella is often dismissed as a normal variant in children younger than 10 years of age. The purpose of this study was to determine whether fragmentary inferior patellar pole ossification is a normal variant or is associated with symptoms or signs of pathology using MRI and ...
Grossi E E Scientific Advisor, Bracco Foundation, Milano, - - 2014
Different lifestyle and dietetic factors have been linked with the onset and severity of acne. To assess the complex interconnection between dietetic variables and acne. This was a reanalysis of data from a case-control study by using a semantic connectivity map approach. 563 subjects, aged 10-24 years, involved in a case-control ...
Tognon R R Crop Protection Department, Faculty of Agronomy,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul,Av. Bento Gonçalves 7712, 91540-000, Porto Alegre, - - 2014
The egg parasitoid Telenomus podisi is a natural control agent of pentatomids, including Euschistus heros and Tibraca limbativentris, and success of parasitism is dependent upon the parasitoid finding the host. We tested the influence of host egg volatiles and the synthetic sex pheromone (zingiberenol) of T. limbativentris on chemotaxic behaviour ...
El-Domyati Moetaz M Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Minya University, Al-Minya, - - 2014
The nail unit is an important part of cosmetic appearance of an individual. Older people are at an increased risk of nail alterations, including normal age-related changes and disorders that more commonly affect this specific population. To identify and evaluate the age-related nail changes and disorders in Egyptian elderly people ...
Nuzzi Laura C LC Boston, Mass. From the Adolescent Breast Clinic, Department of Plastic and Oral Surgery, Division of Adolescent/Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical - - 2014
This study measures the impact of adolescent breast asymmetry compared with macromastia and female controls. The following surveys were given to patients with breast asymmetry, macromastia, and controls aged 12 to 21 years: Short Form Health Survey, Version 2 (Short Form-36), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Eating Attitudes Test. ...
Chung Shiu-Dong SD Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan Sleep Research Center, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
No study has reported the relationship between statin use and sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). In this study, we examined the association between statin use and SSNHL using a population-based dataset. A case-control study. Taiwan. The study sample was selected from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database. We identified 1263 ...
Roberts L J LJ Swansea University, Centre for Sustainable Aquatic Research, Department of Biosciences, Swansea SA2 8PP, - - 2014
This study tested the 'silver spoon' hypothesis which posits that individuals that develop under favourable conditions should enjoy a fitness advantage later in life because they are more likely to recognize and settle in high-quality habitats. Atlantic salmon Salmo salar of two age classes (0+ and 1+ years) were reared ...
Bray Daniel P DP Chemical Ecology Group, Centre for Applied Entomology and Parasitology, Keele University, Keele, United Kingdom; Disease Vector Group, Department of Plant Protection Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, - - 2014
The sand fly Phlebotomus argentipes is arguably the most important vector of leishmaniasis worldwide. As there is no vaccine against the parasites that cause leishmaniasis, disease prevention focuses on control of the insect vector. Understanding reproductive behaviour will be essential to controlling populations of P. argentipes, and developing new strategies ...
Fahrner Samuel J SJ Department of Entomology, University of Minnesota, 219 Hodson Hall, 1980 Folwell Ave., St. Paul, MN 55108, - - 2014
The dispersal characteristics of a biological control agent can have direct implications on the ability of that agent to control populations of a target host. Tetrastichus planipennisi Yang (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) is a parasitic wasp native to eastern Asia that has been introduced into the United States as part of a ...
Lee Song Joo SJ Sensory-Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Suite 1406, 345 E. Superior Street, Chicago, IL, 60611, - - 2014
Noncontact ACL injuries occur most commonly in pivoting sports and are much more frequent in females than in males. However, information on sex differences in proprioceptive acuity under weight-bearing and leg neuromuscular control in pivoting is scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate sex differences in pivoting neuromuscular ...
Guan Jing-Zhi JZ The 309th Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Beijing, - - 2014
Lipid peroxidation due to oxidative stress (OS) may play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic systemic inflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Telomeres, repeated sequences that cap chromosome ends, undergo shortening with each cycle of cell division, resulting in cellular senescence. Research regarding telomere shortening has provided ...
Skudutyte-Rysstad Rasa - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to compare the prevalence of periodontitis and alveolar bone loss among individuals with psoriasis and a group of randomly selected controls. Fifty individuals with psoriasis and 121 controls completed a structured questionnaire, and were examined clinically and radiographically. Oral examination included numbers of ...
Gökbayrak N S NS Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present longitudinal study investigates baseline assessments of static and dynamic variables, including demographic characteristics, smoking severity, and Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change (TTM) effort variables (Decisional Balance (i.e. Pros and Cons), Situational Temptations, and Processes of Change) of relapse among individuals who were abstinent at 12months. The study sample ...
Altundag Aytug A Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Istanbul Surgery Hospital, Ferah Sok. No. 22, Nisantası, 34365 Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Halitosis and olfactory dysfunction may disrupt an individual's quality of life remarkably. One may ask whether halitosis has effects on olfactory functions or not? Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the olfactory abilities of subjects with chronic halitosis evaluated using the measurements of volatile sulfur compounds. This ...
Qin Chuan C Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Aortic dissection (AD) is a disease characterized by a tear in the aortic intimal layer and separation of the arterial wall. Some risk factors, such as hypertension and Marfan syndrome, are well known in AD, but the role of genetic factor is largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the ...
Mora Toni T Universitat Internacional de Catalunya & IEB, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
We examine the effects of a comprehensive school-based health education programme (introducing healthy habits in the curriculum) to combat childhood obesity in the mid-size urban city of Granollers (Catalonia, Spain). The intervention was carried out between 2006 and 2008. New anthropometric measurements were obtained in 2008, 2010 and 2012. The ...
Mullane Jennifer C JC a Department of Psychology and Neuroscience , Dalhousie University , Halifax , Nova Scotia , - - 2014
A sex-balanced sample (N = 96) of children from age 6.5 to age 12.5 completed a modified Attention Network Test. Across these ages, we found evidence for developmental changes to alerting and executive control but stable orienting. Additionally, we found that the youngest members of our sample manifested an interaction between alerting ...
Grimaldi Daniela D Department of Biomedical and NeuroMotor Sciences, Clinica Neurologica, University of Bologna - Alma Mater Studiorum , Bologna , Italy - - 2014
A thermogenic handicap has been proposed as potential contributor to weight gain in obese subjects but results from clinical studies are inconclusive. We tested whether diurnal and nocturnal body core temperature (BcT) measured for 20-h differed in nine obese subjects compared with 12 lean healthy controls when studied at rest ...
Brown Elizabeth C - - 2014
This study aimed to determine whether tongue stiffness (shear modulus) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is different for controls matched for age, sex, and body mass index (BMI), and to investigate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on stiffness. Controlled experimental study. Medical research institute. Patients ...
Idorn Luise Winkel LW Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark. - - 2014
Previous studies on the association of solar lentigines with ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure have been based on retrospective questionnaires about UVR exposure. We aimed to investigate the association between solar lentigines and UVR exposure in healthy individuals using objective measurements, and to investigate the association between solar lentigines and cutaneous ...
Argento Ornella O a Neurology and Neurorehabilitation Unit , IRCCS "Santa Lucia" Foundation , Rome , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to develop two versions of the California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT-II) and to administer them to a large sample of healthy controls representative of the normal Italian population for sex, age, and education levels. Two hundred and eighty healthy controls entered the study and ...
Bayraktar Fatih F Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, Turkey - - 2014
Although the research on cyberbullying has increased dramatically in recent years, still little is known about how cyberbullying participant groups (i.e., cyberbullies, cybervictims, and cyberbully-victims) differ from one another. This study aims to discriminate between these groups at an individual and relational level by controlling for age and gender. Self-control, ...
Miao Mao-Hua - - 2014
The present study examined the association between residential indoor remodeling and poor semen quality. Sperm donors aged 18-45 years old were recruited in Shanghai, China. Semen specimens were collected and analyzed. An in-person interview was conducted to obtain information on the history of indoor remodeling and potential confounders. A total ...
Roemer Frank W FW Aspetar, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar; Quantitative Imaging Center (QIC), Department of Radiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Radiology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prevalence data on radiographic osteoarthritis (ROA) in young active athletes is sparse. Aim was to assess in a matched case-control design the frequency of ROA in an athlete population and whether athlete status, gender, previous anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery and age increase the odds for ROA. 135 consecutive athletes ...
Fei Jinbo J Beijing National Laboratory for Molecule Sciences, CAS Key Lab of Colloid, Interface and Chemical Thermodynamics, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Zhong Guan Cun, Beijing, 100190, - - 2014
Templating Ag(+) -induced supramolecular assembly at different temperatures, porous TiO2 -Ag nanotubes and nanospheres are fabricated in a controlled manner due to the effect of Rayleigh instability. Compared with traditional TiO2 nanoparticles, TiO2 -Ag nanostructures above show much more extensive visible light absorption and exhibit the noticeably plasmon-enhanced photocatalysis because ...
Nasseri Y Y YY Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida, 2950 Cleveland Clinic Blvd., Weston, FL, 33331, - - 2014
While hemorrhoidal disease is common, its etiology remains unclear. It has been postulated that disturbances in collagen lead to reduced connective tissue stability, and in turn to the development of hemorrhoidal disease. We aimed to compare the quality and quantity of collagen in patients with hemorrhoidal disease versus normal controls. ...
Graham Sarah A SA School of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, College of Health and Human Services, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA, 92182-7251, - - 2014
Impairments in sensorimotor integration are reported in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Poor control of balance in challenging balance tasks is one suggested manifestation of these impairments, and is potentially related to ASD symptom severity. Reported balance and symptom severity relationships disregard age as a potential covariate, however, despite its involvement ...
Nystrand M M School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia - - 2014
It is well established that the parental phenotype can influence offspring phenotypic expression, independent of the effects of the offspring's own genotype. Nonetheless, the evolutionary implications of such parental effects remain unclear, partly because previous studies have generally overlooked the potential for interactions between parental sources of non-genetic variance to ...
Basaran B B Anesthesiology Department, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Kılıçarslan Mah, Nurdağ Sk., Sinanoba Sitesi, B-blok No:19, Selçuklu, 42080, Konya, Turkey, - - 2014
Preeclampsia is characterized by increased extracellular fluid which manifests as generalized edema due to endothelial injury and subsequent capillary leak. Therefore, preeclampsia may lead to increased skin to subarachnoid distance (SSD) which may influence daily clinical practice in this particular gravid population. Age- and height-matched gravidas with and without preeclampsia ...
Ho Mandy M Discipline of Paediatrics & Child Health, The Children's Hospital at Westmead Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia Institute of Endocrinology and Diabetes, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
To determine whether arterial elasticity differs between obese adolescents with clinical insulin resistance (IR), type 1 diabetes (T1D) and healthy non-obese controls. This cross-sectional study evaluated 69 adolescents with clinical IR, 91 with T1D and 63 age-matched (10- to 18-year-old) controls. Arterial elasticity was measured using radial tonometry pulse-wave analysis. ...
Grattagliano Ignazio I Department of Criminology and Forensic Psychiatry, University of Bari, Bari, - - 2014
A group of sex offenders (clinical group: n = 19) was compared to a nonclinical sample matched by age, years of education, and gender (control group A: n = 19) to verify a higher incidence of insecure attachment models among sex offenders. In addition, we tested whether sex offenders were characterized by specific childhood ...
Wells A J AJ Haemophilia, Haemostasis & Thrombosis Centre, Basingstoke & North Hampshire Hospital, Basingstoke, UK; University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, - - 2014
It has been shown that bone mineral density (BMD) may be lower in patients with haemophilia (PWH). A comparison to control subjects is required to thoroughly assess current BMD in PWH in the UK. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that BMD is lower in PWH ...
Bredella Miriam A MA Department of Radiology, Musculoskeletal Imaging and Intervention, Massachusetts General Hospital, Yawkey 6E, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA, 02114, USA, - - 2014
To assess MRI measures to quantify pelvic morphology that may predispose to ischiofemoral impingement (IFI). We hypothesized that patients with IFI have a wider interischial distance and an increased femoral neck angle compared with normal controls. The study was IRB-approved and complied with HIPAA guidelines. IFI was diagnosed based on ...
Meilleur Andrée-Anne S AA The University of Montreal Center of Excellence for Pervasive Developmental Disorders (CETEDUM), Hôpital Rivière-des-Prairies, 7070 Perras Blvd., Montreal, QC, H1E 1A4, Canada, - - 2014
Outstanding skills, including special isolated skills (SIS) and perceptual peaks (PP) are frequent features of autism. However, their reported prevalence varies between studies and their co-occurrence is unknown. We determined the prevalence of SIS in a large group of 254 autistic individuals and searched for PP in 46 of these ...
Gebhart Jeremy J JJ *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospitals, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH †The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
The etiology of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is multifactorial, but the role of sagittal balance of the pelvis as a contributing factor to its development has not been well studied. Our primary purpose was to determine whether a smaller pelvic incidence (PI), a position-independent anatomic parameter that regulates pelvic ...
Martins Bruna B Department of Psychology and Department of Gerontology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0191, USA - - 2014
Different emotion regulation strategies are distinctly represented in the brains of younger adults. Decreasing a reaction to a negative situation by reinterpreting it (reappraisal) relies on cognitive control regions in the prefrontal cortex, while distracting away from a stressor involves more posterior medial structures. In this study, we used Multi-Voxel ...
Morris B P BP Department of Colorectal Surgery, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, - - 2014
Design:An age- and gender-matched case-control study.Objective:To compare colonoscopy after spinal cord injury (SCI) with the general population in terms of indications, bowel preparation, technical success and disease detection.Setting:Victoria, Australia.Methods:Consecutive SCI colonoscopies between January 1998 and February 2013 were compared with a randomly selected age- and gender-matched control group. Injury level, ...
Hsiao Chun-Nan - - 2014
Betel quid chewing is associated with the periodontal status; however, results of epidemiological studies are inconsistent. To the best of our knowledge, no study has reported radiographic alveolar bone loss (RABL) associated with betel quid chewing. This survey was conducted in an aboriginal community in Taiwan because almost all betel ...
Goldschmidt Andrea B AB From the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience (A.B.G.), The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; Departments of Biostatistics (R.D.C., L.C.) and Clinical Research (S.G.E., S.A.W.), Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Fargo, North Dakota; Department of Clinical Neuroscience (R.D.C., S.G.E., S.A.W.), University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Fargo, North Dakota; Department of Psychiatry (N.D., K.C.B., S.J.C., C.B.P.), University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota; Department of Clinical Operations (H.M.B.), Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minnesota; and Department of Research (S.J.C.), The Emily Program, St Paul, - - 2014
The context of eating episodes in obesity is poorly understood. This study examined emotional, physiological, and environmental correlates of pathological and nonpathological eating episodes in a heterogeneous sample of obese adults. Community-based participants (n = 50; 84% female [n = 42]; mean [standard deviation] body mass index = 40.3 [8.5]; ...
Zhang Qing Q Department of Radiology, Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University, Dalian, China; Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, - - 2014
The default mode network (DMN) has been identified to play a critical role in many mental disorders, but such abnormalities have not yet been determined in patients with schizotypal personality disorder (SPD). The purpose of this study was to analyze the alteration of the DMN functional connectivity in subjects with ...
McClean Gavin G Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Tom Reilly Building, Byrom Street, Liverpool L3 3AF, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to establish the degree of structural and functional adaptations in the left (LA) and right atria (RA) in elite male athletes engaged in 'high dynamic : high static' (HDHS) and 'low dynamic : high static' (LDHS) sporting disciplines compared with sedentary controls. Eighteen male, ...
Kawut Steven M SM Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The classic cardiovascular complication of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is cor pulmonale or right ventricular (RV) enlargement. Most studies of cor pulmonale were conducted decades ago. This study sought to examine RV changes in contemporary COPD and emphysema using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. We performed a case-control study nested ...
Yiallouros Panayiotis K PK Cyprus International Institute for Environmental and Public Health in association with Harvard School of Public Health, Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol, - - 2014
Background: Several studies have examined the relationship of asthma with serum dyslipidemia and reported positive, negative or no association. Most studies were limited by their cross-sectional design and the wide age range of the participants. In a cohort of children in Cyprus, we explored the association of asthma with serum ...
Bakker S F SF Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Advanced glycation end (AGE) products play a role in the progression of diabetic complications. Gluten-free diet (GFD) might affect AGE levels in patients who adhere to a GFD because of coeliac disease (CD). The aim of our study was to compare skin AGE levels and soluble receptor AGE levels (sRAGE) ...
Forte G G Italian National Institute for Health, Rome, - - 2014
The concentration of calcium (Ca), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn) and selenium (Se) in plasma of 76 nonagenarians (mean age, 89.0±6.3years), 64 centenarians (mean age, 101±1years) and 24 middle-aged subjects as controls (mean age 61.2±1.1years), was determined by sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. ...
Bergman Ingvar I Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, - - 2014
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of physical health on neuropsychological test norms. Medical and neuropsychological data from 118 healthy volunteer controls, aged 26-91 years, were collected during five recruitment occasions. The examinations included a clinical investigation, brain neuroimaging, and a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery. Test-specific ...
Prasad Konasale M KM Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Impairments in structural and functional connections are demonstrated in schizophrenia. Certain disconnectional patterns may be biomarkers of elevated risk for schizophrenia. Convergent examination of multiple diffusion parameters and cognitive performance better illustrates pathophysiological significance of such disconnectional patterns. Diffusion Tensor Imaging data on 39 early-course schizophrenia subjects, 21 adolescent/young adult ...
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