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Hsieh Chang-Hsun CH Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, - - 2014
The relationship between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and uric acid (UA) has been explored in many studies, but there is paucity of information on hypo-uricemia and MetS. The current study aimed to elucidate the relationship between the lower end of UA and MetS in elderly. Subjects aged ≥60 years who underwent routine ...
Hosseinpanah Farhad - - 2013
To evaluate diagnostic accuracy of lipid accumulation product(LAP) index as a marker of insulin resistance in a community based population with polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS), compared to healthy women. Anthropometric measurements, biochemical parameters, LAP index and insulin resistance(IR) were compared in 134 PCOS subjects and 414 healthy women recruited from 1126 ...
Kalkwarf Heidi J HJ Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. - - 2013
Little is known about factors that affect bone mass and density of infants and toddlers and the means to assess their bone health owing to challenges in studying this population. The objectives of this study were to describe age, sex, race, growth, and human milk feeding effects on bone mineral ...
Mostoufi-Moab Sogol - - 2012
Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are at risk for impaired bone accrual. This peripheral quantitative computed tomography study assessed changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and structure after completion of ALL treatment. Fifty ALL participants, ages 5-22 yr, were enrolled within 2 yr (median 0.8 yr) after completing ALL ...
Tsilimparis Nikolaos - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In the endovascular era, elderly patients are offered repair of their aortoiliac aneurysms (AAA) more frequently than in the past. Our objective is to compare age groups and draw inferences for AAA repair outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We identified 20,095 patients who underwent AAA repair between 2005 and 2010 using ...
Villa Paola P University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO 80309-0265, USA. - - 2012
The transition from the Middle Stone Age (MSA) to the Later Stone Age (LSA) in South Africa was not associated with the appearance of anatomically modern humans and the extinction of Neandertals, as in the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Western Europe. It has therefore attracted less attention, yet ...
Camhi Sarah M - - 2012
Physical activity (PA), total body fat (TBF), and lean body mass (LBM) are associated with bone mineral density (BMD). However, the independent influence of PA on BMD, while controlling for body composition is not understood as well and is the purpose of the current study. Whole-body BMD (g·cm(-2)), femoral neck ...
Tveit M - - 2012
This is a study on exercise-associated bone mineral density (BMD) which in men is maintained three decades after cessation of sports. In this prospective controlled cohort study active athletes had a BMD Z-score of 1.0 and after 39 years 0.5 to 1.2 depending on the measured region), using the same ...
Gu Sa-Sa - - 2012
The local tissue-specific renin-angiotensin system (RAS) was identified. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of local bone RAS in the osteoporosis of aging mice. Twelve-month-old and two-month-old male mice were respectively assigned to the ageing and young groups. The tibias and femurs were collected for an ...
Cheon Haengbok - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess age-related changes and anatomic variation in trabecular bone mineral density (tBMD) using quantitative computed tomography (QCT) in normal cats. Seventeen normal cats were included in this study and divided into the following 3 age groups: <6 months (n=4); 2-5 years (n=10); and ...
Cipriani Cristiana - - 2012
The aim of this work was to examine the effects of age and menopause on muscle strength and on the muscle-bone interaction. One hundred ninety-four healthy women (mean age 49.8 ± 12.6 SD years) were assessed. Maximal Voluntary Contraction (MVC, Newton, N) by Hand Grip Dynamometer, bone mineral density at ...
Fuchs Deborah A - - 2012
Developmental differences in megakaryocytes between neonates and adults have been described. However, the age at which megakaryocytes make a transition to an adult phenotype is unknown. Small megakaryocytes are often described as "dysplastic" in the pathology literature. Thus, recognizing the normal features of megakaryocytes at different ages has diagnostic implications. ...
Siminoski K - - 2012
Bone mineral content (BMC) is known to be greater in the dominant arm after the age of 8 years. We studied a group of children and found that BMC sidedness gradually increased up to the age of 6 years and then remained stable into late adolescence. INTRODUCTION: Bone mineral content (BMC) exhibits ...
Gupta Neera - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The timing of menarche in Crohn's disease (CD) is poorly described. Our objectives were to study age at menarche onset in CD, and factors associated with this. METHODS: We compared the age at menarche of 34 CD patients with that for 545 controls, using data in the ...
Laakso Saila - - 2012
Previous studies have indicated that children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may not achieve optimal bone mass. We evaluated the skeletal characteristics in children and adolescents with IBD. This cross-sectional cohort study comprised 80 IBD patients (median age 14.9 years, range 5-20) with a median disease duration of 3.4 years; 51 had ...
Liu Hen-Yu - - 2012
Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) have been shown to be pluoripotent and explored for their usage in tissue engineering. Previously, we have established a cell-based approach comprised of platelet-enriched plasma and osteo-progenitor cells for treating osteoporosis in an ovariectomized-senescence-accelerated mice (OVX-SAMP8) model. In the present study, we intend to explore the ...
Parm Anna-Liisa - - 2012
Aim: Relationships between change of bone mineral density (BMD) and baseline adipocytokine and ghrelin levels over 12 months in prepubertal rhythmic gymnasts (RG) and age-matched untrained controls (UC) were studied. Methods: Adipocytokine, ghrelin, body composition, BMD and bone age values were measured in RG (8.0 ± 0.6 years; n = ...
Zikán V - - 2012
The aim of the study was to compare the bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition between ambulatory male MS patients and control subjects and to evaluate the relationships among body composition, motor disability, glucocorticoids (GC) use, and bone health. Body composition and BMD were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry ...
Sherk Vanessa D - - 2012
Variability in peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) measurement sites and outcome variables limit direct comparisons of results between studies. Furthermore, it is unclear what estimates of bone strength are most indicative of changes due to aging, disease, or interventions. The purpose of this study was to examine age and sex ...
Mahboubi Hossein - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a novel method for measuring the dimensions of the osseous external auditory canal (OEAC) on computed tomographic images of the temporal bone. STUDY DESIGN: Radiology case series. SETTING: Tertiary care medical center. PATIENTS: A retrospective review of high-resolution computed tomographic images of the temporal bones of 69 ...
Nagaoka Tomohito - - 2012
The purposes of this study are to examine documented fetal skeletal remains of Japanese, to measure the basilar part of the occipital bone, and to develop diagnostic standards for estimating fetal age at death which can be applied to poorly preserved skeletons. The sample is composed of 272 Japanese individuals ...
Williams Blythe A - - 2012
Three fossils, a cranium of Papio, a cercopithecid frontal bone, and a mandible of juvenile Papio, have been recovered from cave deposits in the !Ncumtsa (Koanaka) Hills of western Ngamiland, Botswana. These specimens are significant because well-preserved crania of Papio are extremely rare in the fossil record outside of South ...
Alesbury Helen S - - 2012
  This project evaluated the utility of the frontonasal suture for estimating age at death. Utilizing human remains of known age at death with varying degrees of fusion, curated at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City and the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History in ...
Shepherd J A - - 2012
PURPOSE: Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is used to assess bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition, but measurements vary among instruments from different manufacturers. We sought to develop cross calibration equations for whole body bone density and composition derived using GE Healthcare Lunar and Hologic DXA systems. METHODS: 199 ...
Wyatt M C - - 2012
Whether an occupation can cause carpal tunnel syndrome requiring carpal tunnel decompression (CTD) is contentious. We compared the demographics and incidence rates in lamb-freezing workers with the general population who had CTD. In the general population there were 1002 (63%) females and 583 (37%) males, mean age 48 years, and ...
Moayyeri Alireza - - 2012
The rate of bone loss varies across the ageing period via multiple complex mechanisms. Therefore, the role of genetic factors on bone loss may also change similarly. In this study, we investigated the effect of age on the genetic component of bone loss in a large twin-based longitudinal study. During ...
Bloch Sune Land - - 2012
Bone remodeling is highly inhibited around the inner ear space, most likely by the anti-resorptive action of the inner ear cytokine osteoprotegerin (OPG) entering perilabyrinthine bone through the lacuno-canalicular porosity (LCP). This extracellular signaling pathway depends on the viability of individual osteocytes. The objective of this study was to evaluate ...
Dubnov-Raz G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Osteocalcin is a bone-related protein, recently found to correlate with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, fat percentage and metabolic syndrome in adults. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between osteocalcin and BMI in adolescence, a time of significant bone accrual, while considering possible confounders ...
Lucas Raquel - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We aimed at quantifying the associations between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and forearm bone mineral density (BMD) throughout adolescence in overweight and normal weight girls. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study PATIENTS: 346 girls born in 1990 and attending schools in Porto, Portugal. MEASUREMENTS: Adolescents were evaluated at 13 and 17 ...
Crovetto Miguel Angel - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Determine if aging and menopause, known to be associated with bone resortion, also are associated with superior semicircular canal dehiscence. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Study conducted in 3 tertiary Spanish hospitals. PATIENTS: Nonselected consecutive patients of all ages. INTERVENTIONS: Thin-section multi-detector row computed tomographic scan of the temporal bones. ...
Mays Simon - - 2012
In modern populations, there is evidence that nasal septal deviation (NSD) may be associated with maxillary sinusitis, and that those with NSD may differ in craniofacial morphology from those without or with less severe NSD. Whether these associations hold true for earlier populations has yet to be investigated. The current ...
Markopoulos Christos - - 2012
We investigated whether age at anastrozole (A) initiation influences the effect of treatment on bone mineral density (BMD). We conducted a post hoc analysis of the dataset of Arimidex Bone Mass Index Oral Bisphosphonates prospective trial, studying the effect of risedronate (R) on BMD of postmenopausal, early breast cancer patients ...
Chinn Ivan K - - 2012
Aging is associated with decreased immune function that leads to increased morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Immune senescence is accompanied by age-related changes in two primary lymphoid organs, bone marrow and thymus, that result in decreased production and function of B and T lymphocytes. In bone marrow, hematopoietic stem ...
Costa F G P - - 2012
The aim of this research was to determine the nutritional requirements of sodium for Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix Japonica) during the periods of 1 to 21 d and 22 to 40 d of age, as well as to evaluate the residual effect on egg production and densitometry bone traits from ...
Thambiah S - - 2012
Abnormalities of bone metabolism and increased vascular calcification are common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and important causes of morbidity and mortality. The Wnt signaling pathway may play a role in the bone and vascular disturbances seen in CKD, termed collectively "CKD-MBD." The aim of the study was to investigate ...
Shen W W New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA. - - 2012
Recent research has shown an inverse relationship between bone marrow adipose tissue (BMAT) and bone mineral density (BMD). There is a lack of evidence at the macro-imaging level to establish whether increased BMAT is a cause or effect of bone loss. This cross-sectional study compared the BMAT and BMD relationship ...
Schmidt Susanne - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: Low bone mineral density (BMD) is recognized as a potential problem in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to describe the longitudinal development of BMD in a population of Swedish pediatric patients with IBD. METHODS:: A total of 144 IBD patients (93 males; 83 with ulcerative colitis ...
Kuan Yeh Chunn - - 2012
Prolonged use of oral corticosteroids is a risk factor for osteoporosis. However, the effect of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) on bone mineral density (BMD) of asthmatic patients remains controversial. We aimed to determine the prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in our patients with asthma receiving ICSs for more than one year ...
Pan Hongguang - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical pathological features of aspirated tracheobronchial foreign body (FB) cases in children under the age of 3years and to improve the level of diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted examining 316 children under the age of 3years who had been treated for tracheobronchial ...
Boronat Mauro - - 2012
Objective: Growth failure is a characteristic manifestation of pediatric Cushing's disease. Catch-up growth is usually incomplete after cure, and final height is often compromised. Possible mechanisms for this phenomenon include postoperative persistence of GH hyposecretion and absence of retardation of bone maturation in spite of GH deficiency. We describe a ...
Cibula David - - 2012
Background: The aim was to evaluate changes of bone mineral density (BMD) and markers of bone turnover in healthy adolescents, and in adolescent users of combined oral contraceptives (COC) with different ethinyl-estradiol (EE) content. Methods: In this prospective cross-over study, 56 healthy females (15 - 19.5 years) with desire to ...
Buk Zdenek - - 2012
Recently published studies showed that age assessment methods are population specific. Authors analyse the senescence changes in pubic symphysis and sacro-pelvic surface of a pelvic bone using data mining methods. The multi-ethnic data set consists of 956 adult individuals ranging from 19 to 100 years of age derived from 9 ...
Taylor Johanne - - 2012
The impacts on traits of the m. gluteus medius hot-boned from young cattle were assessed after stretching (SmartStretch™) and ageing (0 or 8days ageing). Tenderness, as reflected in reduced shear force measurement, was significantly (P<0.05) improved in 0day aged stretched samples over the un-stretched control. After 8days ageing there was ...
Mukhopadhyay Partha Pratim - - 2012
Determination of sex is the first and crucial step in the process of identifying human remains in forensic casework. Sex determination from skeletal remains is well studied and an extensively documented subject. The hyoid bone, however, has drawn less attention in studies of this nature. The present study was designed ...
Sherk Vanessa D - - 2012
Variability in peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT) measurement sites limits direct comparisons of results between studies. Further, it is unclear what estimates of bone strength are most indicative of changes due to aging, disease, or interventions. The purpose of this study was to examine age group and sex differences in ...
Hoozemans Marco J M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Longitudinal study of lumbar bone mass as predictor of low back pain (LBP).Objective. To investigate whether low bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) values at the age of 36 years are associated with the prevalence of LBP at the age of 42 years among ...
Karesvuo Petteri P Department of Ophthalmology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland. - - 2013
The aim of this study is to examine the relationship of selected systemic and oral health parameters and the salivary presence of six periodontal pathogens to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The present cross-sectional study includes data on 1,751 individuals (≥30 years old). General health information was obtained by questionnaires and ...
Lei Jie - - 2012
We investigated subchondral formation of cortical bone in the condyles of adolescents and young adults, and looked for age-related and sex-related differences in bony formation with the aid of cone-beam computed tomography data in 1438 subjects aged between 10 and 30 years. The scans were part of the hospital's clinical ...
Gennari Luigi - - 2012
Context:Previous observations showed a condition of low bone turnover and decreased osteoblast activity in both type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus (DM1 and DM2). Sclerostin is a secreted Wnt antagonist produced by osteocytes that regulates osteoblast activity and thus bone turnover. Its levels increase with age and are regulated by ...
Walters Peter H - - 2012
Walters, PH, Jezequel, JJ, and Grove, MB. Case study: bone mineral density of two elite senior female powerlifters. J Strength Cond Res 26(3): 867-872, 2012-The purpose of this case study was to examine the bone mineral density (BMD) of 2 women, aged 48 and 54 years, who had engaged in ...
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