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Goldstein Jesse A JA Philadelphia, Pa. From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Children's Hospital of - - 2014
The spheno-occipital synchondrosis is an important driver of facial and cranial base growth. The current study characterizes its fusion in patients with Apert, Crouzon, and Pfeiffer syndromes and correlates early fusion with the presence, and degree, of midface hypoplasia. A retrospective case-control study was performed of all syndromic patients treated ...
Jäncke Lutz L Division Neuropsychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Zurich, Switzerland; Center for Integrative Human Physiology, University of Zurich, Switzerland; International Normal Aging and Plasticity Imaging Center (INAPIC), University of Zurich, Switzerland; University Research Priority Program (URPP) "Dynamics of Healthy Aging", University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Special Education, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi - - 2014
This study was conducted to examine the statistical influence of brain size on cortical, subcortical, and cerebellar compartmental volumes. This brain size influence was especially studied to delineate interactions with Sex and Age. Here, we studied 856 healthy subjects of which 533 are classified as young and 323 as old. ...
Lautner Ronald R Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg and Mölndal, - - 2014
Several studies suggest that the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele modulates cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of β-amyloid 42 (Aβ42). Whether this effect is secondary to the association of the APOE ε4 allele with cortical Aβ deposition or whether APOE ε4 directly influences CSF levels of Aβ42 independently of Aβ pathology ...
Duval Camille C School of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of St Andrews, Westburn Lane, St Andrews, Fife, KY169JP, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physiological constraints on colouration have been widely reported; especially in birds, which trade-off antioxidant responses against colourful costly signals. One female extended phenotypic trait, which might also highlight important physiological trade-offs, is the pigmentation of their eggshells. In ground-nesting species, producing eggs that are visually undetectable by predators is the ...
Bohrer B M BM Department of Animal Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH - - 2014
Objectives were to evaluate the administration of an anti-gonadotropin releasing factor (GnRF) analog on suppression of estrus, consistency of feed intake, and growth performance in market gilts; and, to investigate the impact the physiological changes would have on carcass characteristics and fresh meat quality. Gonadotropin releasing factor stimulates the anterior ...
Neira Marco M Oxitec Ltd, Oxford, - - 2014
Traditional mosquito control strategies rely heavily on the use of chemical insecticides. However, concerns about the efficiency of traditional control methods, environmental impact and emerging pesticide resistance have highlighted the necessity for developing innovative tools for mosquito control. Some novel strategies, including release of insects carrying a dominant lethal gene ...
Steinberg N N Anatomy and Anthropology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Very little is known about the relationship between proximal joint alignment and hallux valgus among young dancers. This study sought to determine the extent to which spinal and lower extremity alignments are involved in hallux valgus, and to identify predicting variables for its development in young dancers. A group of ...
Someeh Marjan M Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, - - 2014
To determine whether fibular repositioning tape influenced the postural control performance in athletes with and without chronic ankle instability (CAI). Research laboratory. A cross-sectional study, within subjects experimental study design between 4 ankle conditions (taped and untaped: CAI and healthy athletes). Sixteen volunteer professional athletes with unilateral CAI (10 men ...
Savaya Alkalay Amit A Department of Life Sciences and the National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University, Beer Sheva, Israel; French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology of Drylands, Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University, Sede-Boqer, - - 2014
Early malacological literature suggests that the outbreak of schistosomiasis, a parasitic disease transmitted by aquatic snails, in the Senegal River basin occurred due to ecological changes resulting from the construction of the Diama dam. The common treatment, the drug praziquantel, does not protect from the high risk of re-infection due ...
Nielsen Philip Rising PR National Centre for Register-Based Research, iPSYCH, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark; Lundbeck Foundation Initiative for Integrative Psychiatric Research, iPSYCH, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a long-standing interest in investigating the impact of early-life immune abnormalities on later onset of psychosis. The aim of this study was to assess inflammatory marker levels in neonatal dried blood spots and their association with later risk of schizophrenia. This nested case-control study included 995 cases and ...
Liu Guanmin G 1 Department of Psychology Tsinghua University, Beijing, - - 2014
Summary.-The goal was to examine whether visuomotor control and choice response time shared age-related developmental trajectories, and if prior computer experience played an important role in control processes. Children (6-7, 8-9, 10-11 yr.), younger adults (24 yr.) and older adults (76 yr.) performed the cursor pointing and choice response time ...
Ostovaneh Mohammad Reza MR Digestive Diseases Research Institute (DDRI), Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
So far, a variety of prevalence rates have been reported for the metabolic syndrome (MetS) according to several definitions. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of MetS in Iran according to two definitions and compare the characteristics of the subjects who met the MetS criteria according ...
Hsieh Chang-Hsun CH Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, - - 2014
The relationship between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and uric acid (UA) has been explored in many studies, but there is paucity of information on hypo-uricemia and MetS. The current study aimed to elucidate the relationship between the lower end of UA and MetS in elderly. Subjects aged ≥60 years who underwent routine ...
Jepsen Randi R Faculty of Health Studies, Sogn og Fjordane University College , Førde , Norway ; Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen , Bergen , - - 2014
Objective. This study of severely obese adults participating in a two-year lifestyle intervention investigates associations between the independent variables: change in self-efficacy for physical activity (PA) in the face of psychological barriers, perceived behavioural control over PA, and PA self-identity and the dependent variable of change in objectively assessed PA. ...
Hosseinpanah Farhad - - 2013
To evaluate diagnostic accuracy of lipid accumulation product(LAP) index as a marker of insulin resistance in a community based population with polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS), compared to healthy women. Anthropometric measurements, biochemical parameters, LAP index and insulin resistance(IR) were compared in 134 PCOS subjects and 414 healthy women recruited from 1126 ...
Kalkwarf Heidi J HJ Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. - - 2013
Little is known about factors that affect bone mass and density of infants and toddlers and the means to assess their bone health owing to challenges in studying this population. The objectives of this study were to describe age, sex, race, growth, and human milk feeding effects on bone mineral ...
Mostoufi-Moab Sogol - - 2012
Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are at risk for impaired bone accrual. This peripheral quantitative computed tomography study assessed changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and structure after completion of ALL treatment. Fifty ALL participants, ages 5-22 yr, were enrolled within 2 yr (median 0.8 yr) after completing ALL ...
Tsilimparis Nikolaos - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In the endovascular era, elderly patients are offered repair of their aortoiliac aneurysms (AAA) more frequently than in the past. Our objective is to compare age groups and draw inferences for AAA repair outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We identified 20,095 patients who underwent AAA repair between 2005 and 2010 using ...
Villa Paola P University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO 80309-0265, USA. - - 2012
The transition from the Middle Stone Age (MSA) to the Later Stone Age (LSA) in South Africa was not associated with the appearance of anatomically modern humans and the extinction of Neandertals, as in the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Western Europe. It has therefore attracted less attention, yet ...
Camhi Sarah M - - 2012
Physical activity (PA), total body fat (TBF), and lean body mass (LBM) are associated with bone mineral density (BMD). However, the independent influence of PA on BMD, while controlling for body composition is not understood as well and is the purpose of the current study. Whole-body BMD (g·cm(-2)), femoral neck ...
Tveit M - - 2012
This is a study on exercise-associated bone mineral density (BMD) which in men is maintained three decades after cessation of sports. In this prospective controlled cohort study active athletes had a BMD Z-score of 1.0 and after 39 years 0.5 to 1.2 depending on the measured region), using the same ...
Gu Sa-Sa - - 2012
The local tissue-specific renin-angiotensin system (RAS) was identified. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of local bone RAS in the osteoporosis of aging mice. Twelve-month-old and two-month-old male mice were respectively assigned to the ageing and young groups. The tibias and femurs were collected for an ...
Cheon Haengbok - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess age-related changes and anatomic variation in trabecular bone mineral density (tBMD) using quantitative computed tomography (QCT) in normal cats. Seventeen normal cats were included in this study and divided into the following 3 age groups: <6 months (n=4); 2-5 years (n=10); and ...
Cipriani Cristiana - - 2012
The aim of this work was to examine the effects of age and menopause on muscle strength and on the muscle-bone interaction. One hundred ninety-four healthy women (mean age 49.8 ± 12.6 SD years) were assessed. Maximal Voluntary Contraction (MVC, Newton, N) by Hand Grip Dynamometer, bone mineral density at ...
Fuchs Deborah A - - 2012
Developmental differences in megakaryocytes between neonates and adults have been described. However, the age at which megakaryocytes make a transition to an adult phenotype is unknown. Small megakaryocytes are often described as "dysplastic" in the pathology literature. Thus, recognizing the normal features of megakaryocytes at different ages has diagnostic implications. ...
Gupta Neera - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The timing of menarche in Crohn's disease (CD) is poorly described. Our objectives were to study age at menarche onset in CD, and factors associated with this. METHODS: We compared the age at menarche of 34 CD patients with that for 545 controls, using data in the ...
Siminoski K K University of Alberta, 6628-123 Street, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6H 3T6. - - 2013
Bone mineral content (BMC) is known to be greater in the dominant arm after the age of 8 years. We studied a group of children and found that BMC sidedness gradually increased up to the age of 6 years and then remained stable into late adolescence. Bone mineral content (BMC) ...
Laakso Saila - - 2012
Previous studies have indicated that children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may not achieve optimal bone mass. We evaluated the skeletal characteristics in children and adolescents with IBD. This cross-sectional cohort study comprised 80 IBD patients (median age 14.9 years, range 5-20) with a median disease duration of 3.4 years; 51 had ...
Liu Hen-Yu - - 2012
Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) have been shown to be pluoripotent and explored for their usage in tissue engineering. Previously, we have established a cell-based approach comprised of platelet-enriched plasma and osteo-progenitor cells for treating osteoporosis in an ovariectomized-senescence-accelerated mice (OVX-SAMP8) model. In the present study, we intend to explore the ...
Parm Anna-Liisa - - 2012
Aim: Relationships between change of bone mineral density (BMD) and baseline adipocytokine and ghrelin levels over 12 months in prepubertal rhythmic gymnasts (RG) and age-matched untrained controls (UC) were studied. Methods: Adipocytokine, ghrelin, body composition, BMD and bone age values were measured in RG (8.0 ± 0.6 years; n = ...
Zikán V - - 2012
The aim of the study was to compare the bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition between ambulatory male MS patients and control subjects and to evaluate the relationships among body composition, motor disability, glucocorticoids (GC) use, and bone health. Body composition and BMD were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry ...
Sherk Vanessa D VD Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA. - - 2013
Variability in peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) measurement sites and outcome variables limit direct comparisons of results between studies. Furthermore, it is unclear what estimates of bone strength are most indicative of changes due to aging, disease, or interventions. The purpose of this study was to examine age and sex ...
Mahboubi Hossein - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a novel method for measuring the dimensions of the osseous external auditory canal (OEAC) on computed tomographic images of the temporal bone. STUDY DESIGN: Radiology case series. SETTING: Tertiary care medical center. PATIENTS: A retrospective review of high-resolution computed tomographic images of the temporal bones of 69 ...
Nagaoka Tomohito - - 2012
The purposes of this study are to examine documented fetal skeletal remains of Japanese, to measure the basilar part of the occipital bone, and to develop diagnostic standards for estimating fetal age at death which can be applied to poorly preserved skeletons. The sample is composed of 272 Japanese individuals ...
Williams Blythe A - - 2012
Three fossils, a cranium of Papio, a cercopithecid frontal bone, and a mandible of juvenile Papio, have been recovered from cave deposits in the !Ncumtsa (Koanaka) Hills of western Ngamiland, Botswana. These specimens are significant because well-preserved crania of Papio are extremely rare in the fossil record outside of South ...
Alesbury Helen S - - 2012
  This project evaluated the utility of the frontonasal suture for estimating age at death. Utilizing human remains of known age at death with varying degrees of fusion, curated at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City and the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History in ...
Shepherd J A - - 2012
PURPOSE: Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is used to assess bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition, but measurements vary among instruments from different manufacturers. We sought to develop cross calibration equations for whole body bone density and composition derived using GE Healthcare Lunar and Hologic DXA systems. METHODS: 199 ...
Wyatt M C - - 2012
Whether an occupation can cause carpal tunnel syndrome requiring carpal tunnel decompression (CTD) is contentious. We compared the demographics and incidence rates in lamb-freezing workers with the general population who had CTD. In the general population there were 1002 (63%) females and 583 (37%) males, mean age 48 years, and ...
Moayyeri Alireza - - 2012
The rate of bone loss varies across the ageing period via multiple complex mechanisms. Therefore, the role of genetic factors on bone loss may also change similarly. In this study, we investigated the effect of age on the genetic component of bone loss in a large twin-based longitudinal study. During ...
Bloch Sune Land - - 2012
Bone remodeling is highly inhibited around the inner ear space, most likely by the anti-resorptive action of the inner ear cytokine osteoprotegerin (OPG) entering perilabyrinthine bone through the lacuno-canalicular porosity (LCP). This extracellular signaling pathway depends on the viability of individual osteocytes. The objective of this study was to evaluate ...
Dubnov-Raz G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Osteocalcin is a bone-related protein, recently found to correlate with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, fat percentage and metabolic syndrome in adults. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between osteocalcin and BMI in adolescence, a time of significant bone accrual, while considering possible confounders ...
Lucas Raquel - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We aimed at quantifying the associations between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and forearm bone mineral density (BMD) throughout adolescence in overweight and normal weight girls. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study PATIENTS: 346 girls born in 1990 and attending schools in Porto, Portugal. MEASUREMENTS: Adolescents were evaluated at 13 and 17 ...
Crovetto Miguel Angel - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Determine if aging and menopause, known to be associated with bone resortion, also are associated with superior semicircular canal dehiscence. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Study conducted in 3 tertiary Spanish hospitals. PATIENTS: Nonselected consecutive patients of all ages. INTERVENTIONS: Thin-section multi-detector row computed tomographic scan of the temporal bones. ...
Mays Simon - - 2012
In modern populations, there is evidence that nasal septal deviation (NSD) may be associated with maxillary sinusitis, and that those with NSD may differ in craniofacial morphology from those without or with less severe NSD. Whether these associations hold true for earlier populations has yet to be investigated. The current ...
Markopoulos Christos - - 2012
We investigated whether age at anastrozole (A) initiation influences the effect of treatment on bone mineral density (BMD). We conducted a post hoc analysis of the dataset of Arimidex Bone Mass Index Oral Bisphosphonates prospective trial, studying the effect of risedronate (R) on BMD of postmenopausal, early breast cancer patients ...
Chinn Ivan K - - 2012
Aging is associated with decreased immune function that leads to increased morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Immune senescence is accompanied by age-related changes in two primary lymphoid organs, bone marrow and thymus, that result in decreased production and function of B and T lymphocytes. In bone marrow, hematopoietic stem ...
Costa F G P - - 2012
The aim of this research was to determine the nutritional requirements of sodium for Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix Japonica) during the periods of 1 to 21 d and 22 to 40 d of age, as well as to evaluate the residual effect on egg production and densitometry bone traits from ...
Thambiah S - - 2012
Abnormalities of bone metabolism and increased vascular calcification are common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and important causes of morbidity and mortality. The Wnt signaling pathway may play a role in the bone and vascular disturbances seen in CKD, termed collectively "CKD-MBD." The aim of the study was to investigate ...
Shen W W New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA. - - 2012
Recent research has shown an inverse relationship between bone marrow adipose tissue (BMAT) and bone mineral density (BMD). There is a lack of evidence at the macro-imaging level to establish whether increased BMAT is a cause or effect of bone loss. This cross-sectional study compared the BMAT and BMD relationship ...
Schmidt Susanne - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: Low bone mineral density (BMD) is recognized as a potential problem in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to describe the longitudinal development of BMD in a population of Swedish pediatric patients with IBD. METHODS:: A total of 144 IBD patients (93 males; 83 with ulcerative colitis ...
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