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Nystrand M M School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia - - 2014
It is well established that the parental phenotype can influence offspring phenotypic expression, independent of the effects of the offspring's own genotype. Nonetheless, the evolutionary implications of such parental effects remain unclear, partly because previous studies have generally overlooked the potential for interactions between parental sources of non-genetic variance to ...
Ali Batool B Resident, Department of Orthodontics, Section of Dentistry, Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, - - 2014
The association of sella turcica bridging and various dental anomalies has been an area of interest for researchers. Based on the evidence of a common embryologic origin between sella turcica and the teeth, the objectives of this study were to measure the dimensions of sella turcica and to test whether ...
Alessandri Guido G Sapienza University of Rome, Roma, Italy - - 2014
The present prospective study examined the prediction of prosociality from effortful control and ego-resiliency from late adolescence to emerging adulthood. Participants were 476 young adults (239 males and 237 females) with a mean age of 16 years (SD = .81) at T1, 18 years (SD = .83) at T2, 20 ...
Yavas Güliz Fatma GF Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Afyon Kocatepe University, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, - - 2014
To evaluate retinal function objectively in subjects with different stages of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) and compare it with age-matched control group. A total of 42 subjects with AMD and 37 age-matched healthy control group aged over 55 years were included in this prospective study. mfERG test ...
Manenti Tommaso T Department of Bioscience, Genetics, Ecology and Evolution, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 114-116, Buildg. 1540, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark, - - 2014
The ability to move is essential for many behavioural traits closely related to fitness. Here we studied the effect of inbreeding on locomotor activity (LA) of Drosophila melanogaster at different ages under both dark and light regimes. We expected to find a decreased LA in inbred lines compared to control ...
Gildengers Ariel G AG Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of - - 2014
Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with cognitive dysfunction and structural brain abnormalities. In human and non-human studies, lithium has been related to neuroprotective and neurotrophic effects. We explored whether lithium treatment is related to better brain integrity and cognitive function in older adults with BD. We examined cognitive and neuroimaging ...
Watling Christopher N CN Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety - Queensland, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, K Block, 130 Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Queensland 4059, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Driver sleepiness is a major contributor to road crashes. The current study sought to examine the association between perceptions of effectiveness of six sleepiness countermeasures and their relationship with self-reports of continuing to drive while sleepy among 309 drivers after controlling for the influence of age, sex, motivation for driving ...
Madison Farrah N FN Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In songbirds, such as canaries (Serinus canaria), the song control circuit has been shown to undergo a remarkable change in morphology in response to exogenous testosterone (T). It is also well established that HVC, a telencephalic nucleus involved in song production, is significantly larger in males than in females. T ...
Löfvander Monica M Centre for Clinical Research Västmanland - Uppsala University, Sweden Center for Family Medicine, Department of Neurobiology, Caring Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Family and Preventive Medicine, Uppsala University, Sweden - - 2014
Aim: To examine whether new immigrants had inferior quality-of-life, well-being and general functioning compared with Swedish age- and sex-matched controls. Methods: A prospective case-control study was designed including immigrants from non-European countries, 18-65 years of age, with recent Permanent Permits to Stay (PPS) in Sweden, and age- and sex-matched Swedish-born ...
Clarke Kristie L KL Goulburn Valley Equine Hospital, Shepparton, Victoria, - - 2014
To determine if arthroscopic surgery performed on weanlings/yearlings with trochlear ridge OCD of the femur (stifle OCD), or intermediate ridge of the tibia (tarsal OCD) detected on routine presale radiographs affects future racing performance. Retrospective case control study. Thoroughbred weanlings and yearlings. Stifle (N = 37; 22 male, 15 female) and tarsal ...
Fricke Claudia C University of East Anglia; University of - - 2014
Across taxa, female behavior and physiology changes significantly following the receipt of ejaculate molecules during mating. For example, receipt of sex peptide (SP) in female Drosophila melanogaster significantly alters female receptivity, egg production, lifespan, hormone levels, immunity, sleep and feeding patterns. These changes are underpinned by distinct tissue- and time-specific ...
Islan German A GA Nanobiomaterials Laboratory, Institute of Applied Biotechnology CINDEFI (UNLP-CONICET, CCT La Plata), Dept of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Calle 47y 115, La Plata 1900, - - 2014
Screening of biopolymeric gel beads containing Silver NanoParticles (Ag-NPs) stabilized in Guar Gum Alkyl Amine (GGAA) and Ciprofloxacin (Cip) was carried out in order to obtain a novel nanocomposite with controlled release profile of both antimicrobians. The selected matrix composed of Alginate/High Methoxyl Pectin (HMP)/GGAA (4:4:1) was able to co-incorporate ...
Durrleman Stephanie S Institute of Cognitive Science, CNRS, Lyon, France; Department of Linguistics, University of Geneva, Geneva, - - 2014
The few studies that have evaluated syntax in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have yielded conflicting findings: some suggest that once matched on mental age, ASD and typically developing controls do not differ for grammar, while others report that morphosyntactic deficits are independent of cognitive skills in ASD. There is a ...
Csermely Gyula G RMC Fetal Medicine Center, Budapest, - - 2014
Multiple congenital abnormalities are caused by chromosomal aberrations, mutant major genes and teratogens. A minor proportion of these patients are identified as syndromes but the major part belonging to the group of unclassified multiple CAs (UMCAs). The main objective of this study was to evaluate the maternal age and birth ...
Alfonsson Sven S Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Box 1225, 751 42, Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Findings regarding psychological risk factors for low weight loss after bariatric surgery have been inconsistent. The association between gender and weight outcome is unclear while younger age has been consistently shown to be associated with better weight outcome. The aim of this study was to analyze the interactions between gender ...
Paccou J J Department of Rheumatology, Amiens University Medical Center, F-80054 Amiens; - - 2014
Context: Recent data indicate that the secreted glycoprotein sclerostin may be involved in vascular calcification (VC). Objective: To establish whether serum sclerostin levels are associated with VC in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Ambulatory care. Patients: We compared 75 RA patients with 75 age- and gender-matched ...
O'Malley Michael P MP Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, U.S.A.. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of our study was to investigate the relation between posterior tibial slope and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture in patients with open physes. A retrospective case-control study was performed comparing skeletally immature patients with an ACL rupture with an age-matched control group. Posterior tibial slope was measured on ...
Lally Lindsay L Department of Rheumatology, Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Medicine, Weill-Cornell Medical College, Autoimmunity and Inflammation Program, Hospital for Special Surgery and Department of Clinical Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Weill-Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA. Department of Rheumatology, Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Medicine, Weill-Cornell Medical College, Autoimmunity and Inflammation Program, Hospital for Special Surgery and Department of Clinical Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Weill-Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA. - - 2014
Aberrant rho kinase (ROCK) activity is implicated in the pathogenesis of several vascular diseases and is associated with Th17 differentiation. Th17 immune response is recognized in the pathogenesis of GCA. The aim of this study was to assess ROCK activity in GCA. All patients who underwent temporal artery biopsy (TAB) ...
Koga Monji M Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a well-known genetic disorder characterized by café-au-lait spots and neurofibromas, but many other clinical characteristics and associated comorbidities also have been reported. This study aimed to characterize NF1 further by investigating its association with anthropometric characteristics and other diseases. We performed a case-control study of ...
Sanches Vinicius S VS Biological and Health Sciences Centre, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, - - 2014
Respiratory muscle strength (RMS) is a determinant of vital capacity, and its decline can lead to inadequate ventilation and deficiency in the elimination of secretions from the airways. Studies analyzing RMS in older adults with Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) remain scarce, making the analysis of this variable ...
Goh Liang Kee LK Centre for Quantitative Medicine, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore, - - 2014
We previously reported TOMM40 to be significantly down-regulated in whole blood of Alzheimer's disease (AD) subjects at baseline and after one-year. In this longitudinal follow-up study of TOMM40 expression up to 2 years, we performed 6-monthly assessments for the first year and 2nd year blood sampling on 27 probable AD ...
Friesema I H M IH Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM),Bilthoven,The - - 2014
SUMMARY Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections have been associated with severe illness. Ruminants are seen as the main reservoir and the major transmission route is considered to be foodborne. In The Netherlands, a case-control study was conducted, using data collected during 2008-2012. Patients were interviewed and controls completed a ...
Kaczynski Andrew T AT Department of Health Promotion, Education and Behavior, Prevention Research Center, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 915 Greene Street, Room 529, Columbia, SC 29208. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the potential efficacy of using point-of-decision prompts to influence intentions to be active in a park setting. In June 2013, participants from across the U.S. (n=250) completed an online experiment using Amazon's Mechanical Turk and Survey Monkey. Participants were randomly exposed to a park photo containing a persuasive, ...
Huang Lvzhen L Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, PR - - 2014
Purpose: rs1999930 and rs4711751 have recently been identified as novel variants associated with advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in populations of European ancestry. We aimed to investigate whether these two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with neovascular AMD (nAMD) or with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), a variant of AMD ...
Song Jinsup J Gait Study Center, Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine, 148 N 8th St., 2nd Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107-2496, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the effects of weight reduction on foot structure, gait, and dynamic plantar loading in obese adults. In a 3-month randomized-controlled trial, participants were randomized to receive either a weight loss intervention based on portion-controlled meals or a delayed-treatment control. 41 adults (32 F, 9 M) with a mean±SD ...
Pryor Lee N LN Intensive Care Unit, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, Australia; The University of Queensland, School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, St Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The presence of a nasogastric tube (NGT) affects swallowing physiology but not function in healthy young adults. The swallowing mechanism changes with increasing age, therefore the impact of a NGT on swallowing in elderly individuals is likely to be different but is not yet known. The aims of this study ...
Singer Jonathan C JC Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L - - 2014
Research examining age-related changes in dynamic stability during stepping has recognised the importance of the restabilisation phase, subsequent to foot-contact. While regulation of the net ground reaction force (GRFnet) line of action is believed to influence dynamic stability during steady-state locomotion, such control during restabilisation remains unknown. This work explored ...
Sapir Amir A Division of Biology and Biological Engineering and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA - - 2014
Many metabolic pathways are critically regulated during development and aging but little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying this regulation. One key metabolic cascade in eukaryotes is the mevalonate pathway. It catalyzes the synthesis of sterol and nonsterol isoprenoids, such as cholesterol and ubiquinone, as well as other metabolites. ...
Perl Rebecca R World Lung Foundation, New York, New York, - - 2014
This study examined whether adaptation of existing antitobacco television and radio advertisements (ads) from high-income countries is a viable tobacco control strategy for Africa. 1078 male and female adult smokers and non-smokers, aged 18-40 years, from major and smaller urban locations in Kenya, Nigeria and Senegal, were recruited into groups using ...
Bertho Marie M Department of Psychology, EA4556, University Paul Valéry, Montpellier 3, Route de Mende, 34199 Montpellier Cedex 5, - - 2014
This article reports grammatical judgment data from eighteen French Williams syndrome (WS) (mean CA=21.10; Mean MA=11.2). Participants had to detect ungrammatical sentences (13 amongst a set of 26 sentences) in telling whether a given sentence was well said or not. Agrammaticality could be due to errors in tense, person agreement, ...
McMahon Emma J EJ Centre for Dietetics Research, School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, Australia, 4067; Nutrition and Dietetics Department, Princess Alexandra Hospital, 199 Ipswich Road, Woolloongabba, QLD, Australia, 4102. Electronic address: - - 2014
Taste abnormalities are prevalent in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) potentially affecting food palatability and intake, and nutrition status. The TASTE CKD study aimed to assess taste and explore the relationship of dietary sodium intake with taste disturbance in CKD subjects. This was a cross-sectional study of 91 adult stage 3-5 ...
Goldstein Jesse A JA Philadelphia, Pa. From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Children's Hospital of - - 2014
The spheno-occipital synchondrosis is an important driver of facial and cranial base growth. The current study characterizes its fusion in patients with Apert, Crouzon, and Pfeiffer syndromes and correlates early fusion with the presence, and degree, of midface hypoplasia. A retrospective case-control study was performed of all syndromic patients treated ...
Moitra S S Molecular Respiratory Research Laboratory, Chest Research Foundation, Pune, - - 2014
Manual cigarette lighter refilling with butane/propane admixed liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is a common low-income occupation in India. This practice may cause adverse health effects from LPG exposure among such workers. To assess respiratory status among LPG-exposed workers and non-exposed controls. We quantified the exposure and evaluated respiratory symptoms and ...
Siwek Marcin M Department of Affective Disorders, Chair of Psychiatry, Collegium Medicum, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, - - 2014
We investigated temperamental dimensions of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) as well as bipolarity features in male and female subjects engaging in extreme or/and high risk sports. The web-based case-control study was performed in 480 subjects engaging in extreme or/and high risk sports (255 ...
Gerstorf Denis D Humboldt - - 2014
Recent research has repeatedly demonstrated that well-being typically evinces precipitous deterioration close to the end of life. However, the determinants of individual differences in these terminal declines are not well understood. In this study, we examine the role of perceived personal control as a potential buffer against steep terminal declines ...
Malinow Iona - - 2014
The Asthma Control Test (ACT) questionnaire has been widely used and validated in various ethnic groups, showing an adequate correlation with physician assessment of asthma control. We sought to evaluate the relationship between ACT-defined asthma control and peak flow measures in subjects living in Puerto Rico. A retrospective evaluation of ...
Weiland Barbara J BJ Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, - - 2014
Altered functional connectivity in critical networks has been associated with chronic alcohol abuse. In turn, changes in connectivity in executive control networks (ECNs) may undermine the ability to control alcohol consumption. It was hypothesized that network connectivity would be reduced in individuals with problematic alcohol use (ALC) compared with controls ...
Jäncke Lutz L Division Neuropsychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Zurich, Switzerland; Center for Integrative Human Physiology, University of Zurich, Switzerland; International Normal Aging and Plasticity Imaging Center (INAPIC), University of Zurich, Switzerland; University Research Priority Program (URPP) "Dynamics of Healthy Aging", University of Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Special Education, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi - - 2014
This study was conducted to examine the statistical influence of brain size on cortical, subcortical, and cerebellar compartmental volumes. This brain size influence was especially studied to delineate interactions with Sex and Age. Here, we studied 856 healthy subjects of which 533 are classified as young and 323 as old. ...
Lautner Ronald R Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg and Mölndal, - - 2014
Several studies suggest that the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele modulates cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of β-amyloid 42 (Aβ42). Whether this effect is secondary to the association of the APOE ε4 allele with cortical Aβ deposition or whether APOE ε4 directly influences CSF levels of Aβ42 independently of Aβ pathology ...
Dai Dongjun D Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, School of Medicine, Ningbo University, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315211, - - 2014
The current study was the first one to reveal the contribution of DRD3 methylation to the risk of different SCZ subtypes. This study was involved with a total of 30 paranoid (15 males and 15 females) and 29 undifferentiated (15 males and 14 females) SCZ patients and 26 age- and ...
Duval Camille C School of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of St Andrews, Westburn Lane, St Andrews, Fife, KY169JP, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physiological constraints on colouration have been widely reported; especially in birds, which trade-off antioxidant responses against colourful costly signals. One female extended phenotypic trait, which might also highlight important physiological trade-offs, is the pigmentation of their eggshells. In ground-nesting species, producing eggs that are visually undetectable by predators is the ...
Bohrer B M BM Department of Animal Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH - - 2014
Objectives were to evaluate the administration of an anti-gonadotropin releasing factor (GnRF) analog on suppression of estrus, consistency of feed intake, and growth performance in market gilts; and, to investigate the impact the physiological changes would have on carcass characteristics and fresh meat quality. Gonadotropin releasing factor stimulates the anterior ...
Neira Marco M Oxitec Ltd, Oxford, - - 2014
Traditional mosquito control strategies rely heavily on the use of chemical insecticides. However, concerns about the efficiency of traditional control methods, environmental impact and emerging pesticide resistance have highlighted the necessity for developing innovative tools for mosquito control. Some novel strategies, including release of insects carrying a dominant lethal gene ...
Steinberg N N Anatomy and Anthropology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Very little is known about the relationship between proximal joint alignment and hallux valgus among young dancers. This study sought to determine the extent to which spinal and lower extremity alignments are involved in hallux valgus, and to identify predicting variables for its development in young dancers. A group of ...
Someeh Marjan M Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, - - 2014
To determine whether fibular repositioning tape influenced the postural control performance in athletes with and without chronic ankle instability (CAI). Research laboratory. A cross-sectional study, within subjects experimental study design between 4 ankle conditions (taped and untaped: CAI and healthy athletes). Sixteen volunteer professional athletes with unilateral CAI (10 men ...
Savaya Alkalay Amit A Department of Life Sciences and the National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University, Beer Sheva, Israel; French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology of Drylands, Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University, Sede-Boqer, - - 2014
Early malacological literature suggests that the outbreak of schistosomiasis, a parasitic disease transmitted by aquatic snails, in the Senegal River basin occurred due to ecological changes resulting from the construction of the Diama dam. The common treatment, the drug praziquantel, does not protect from the high risk of re-infection due ...
Nielsen Philip Rising PR National Centre for Register-Based Research, iPSYCH, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark; Lundbeck Foundation Initiative for Integrative Psychiatric Research, iPSYCH, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a long-standing interest in investigating the impact of early-life immune abnormalities on later onset of psychosis. The aim of this study was to assess inflammatory marker levels in neonatal dried blood spots and their association with later risk of schizophrenia. This nested case-control study included 995 cases and ...
Liu Guanmin G 1 Department of Psychology Tsinghua University, Beijing, - - 2014
Summary.-The goal was to examine whether visuomotor control and choice response time shared age-related developmental trajectories, and if prior computer experience played an important role in control processes. Children (6-7, 8-9, 10-11 yr.), younger adults (24 yr.) and older adults (76 yr.) performed the cursor pointing and choice response time ...
Ostovaneh Mohammad Reza MR Digestive Diseases Research Institute (DDRI), Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
So far, a variety of prevalence rates have been reported for the metabolic syndrome (MetS) according to several definitions. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of MetS in Iran according to two definitions and compare the characteristics of the subjects who met the MetS criteria according ...
Gates Allison A School of Public Health & Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. - - 2014
Research investigating the body weight perceptions and eating-related weight control behaviors of First Nations (FN) youth living on reserve in Canada has been scarce. Knowledge of body weight perceptions may help to improve the relevance of initiatives promoting healthy weights. The purpose of this study was to examine the body ...
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