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Garvey Sean M SM Abbott Nutrition R&D, 3300 Stelzer Road, Bldg RP4-2, Columbus, OH, 43219, USA, - - 2014
Mammalian skeletal muscles exhibit age-related adaptive and pathological remodeling. Several muscles in particular undergo progressive atrophy and degeneration beyond median lifespan. To better understand myocellular responses to aging, we used semi-quantitative global metabolomic profiling to characterize trends in metabolic changes between 15-month-old adult and 32-month-old aged Fischer 344 × Brown Norway (FBN) ...
Renoud Alexia A INSERM Unit 1033, University of Lyon, Lyon, - - 2014
Aging-related muscle loss is a public health problem. We investigated the association of lifestyle and hormonal factors with a prospectively assessed muscle loss in older men. Among 608 home-dwelling men, aged 60-85 (mean 68) years, lifestyle and health status were evaluated through a questionnaire. Appendicular skeletal muscle mass was estimated ...
Lemoine Christophe M R CM Department of Biology and Center for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, University of Ottawa, 30 Marie Curie Private, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, Canada, and Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre, 100 Pachena Drive, Bamfield, British Columbia V0R 1B0, - - 2014
Abstract In the summer, the plainfin midshipman (Poricththys notatus) migrates to reproduce in the nearshore environment, where oxygen levels are influenced by the tidal cycles. Parental males establish nests under rocks in the intertidal zone, where they reside until the eggs they guard are fully developed. In contrast, females and ...
O╩╝sullivan Therese A TA *School of Exercise and Health Science, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia †Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, West Perth, Australia ‡School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia §School of Public Health, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Bentley, Australia ||Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Bentley, Australia ¶School of Medicine and Pharmacology, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Australia #Department of Gastroenterology, Fremantle Hospital, Fremantle, Australia **Institute for Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Australia ††Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, - - 2013
Although obesity is a major risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL), not all obese individuals develop the condition, suggesting that other factors such as diet may also contribute to NAFL development. We evaluated associations between fructose and total sugar intake and subsequent diagnosis of NAFL in obese and non-obese ...
Sompong Weerachat - - 2013
Three dietary monosaccharides, (glucose, fructose, and ribose), have different rates of protein glycation that accelerates the production of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs). The present work was conducted to investigate the effect of ferulic acid (FA) on the three monosaccharide-mediated protein glycations and oxidation of BSA. Comparing the percentage reduction, FA ...
Hogg R E - - 2012
To elucidate the heritability of peak density and spatial width of macular pigment (MP) using a Classical Twin Study. Fundus autofluorescence images were obtained at 488 nm from 86 subjects or 43 twin pairs (21 monozygotic (MZ) and 22 dizygotic (DZ)) (27 male, 59 female) aged from 55 to 76 ...
Høgsberg T - - 2012
Background  The prevalence of mild adverse reactions, i.e. complaints, in tattoos is sparsely described. Objective  The demography of tattoos in a young population representing an index population of the recent trend was studied. The prevalence of complaints related to tattoos, and tattoos by number, size, localization and colour were registered. ...
Raman R - - 2012
To estimate the value of macular pigment optical density (MPOD) in adult south Indian population with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD). A total of 33 patients with wet AMD and 29 age-matched controls >50 years of age underwent MPOD measurement with the macular densitometer. The patients were also tested for ...
Gordillo B - - 2012
The study of the evolutions of different wine pigment families, copigmentation/polymerisation processes and colour characteristics during the first year of ageing in oak barrel has allowed the assessment of the ageing aptitude of Syrah wines from "Condado de Huelva D.O.", a warm climate region. A total of 32 anthocyanic pigments ...
Yu Jie - - 2012
Macular pigment may protect against age-related macular degeneration (AMD) by its capacity to absorb blue light and scavenge free radicals. Current information on human macular pigment density has been largely from studies on Caucasian populations. The purpose of this study was to assess macular pigment density and its determinant factors ...
Ezzedine Khaled - - 2012
To compare factors associated with halo nevi with nonsegmental vitiligo (NSV) vs NSV alone. Prospective observational study in 553 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of NSV attending a vitiligo clinic between January 1, 2006, and July 1, 2010. Vitiligo Clinic at the Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Center of Bordeaux, ...
Lee Hyoban - - 2012
Topotaxial growth of Au(x) Ag(1-x) alloy nanowires (NWs) by postepitaxial deposition of Ag vapor on Au NWs and investigation of their plasmonic properties are reported. Ag vapor is supplied onto the epitaxially grown Au NWs, topotaxially turning them into Au(x) Ag(1-x) alloy NWs. The original geometries and alignments of the ...
Hu Xiaobing - - 2012
Silver (Ag) nanoparticles were successfully synthesized in hyperbranched polybenzobisthiazoles (HBPBZTs) matrices using a reductive technique. The synthesized Ag nanoparticles were characterized through different spectroscopic and analytical techniques, such as FTIR, XRD, TGA, TEM, UV-vis, and fluorescence spectra. The results showed that the synthesized Ag-HBPBZT nanocomposites exhibited excellent thermostability and the ...
Zhang Xingqi - - 2012
Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is a progressive hair loss disorder with unclear triggering and supporting factors. Trichoscopic features of each stage of FPHL have not been specifically elaborated previously. To analyze characteristics and investigate associations of clinico-laboratory and trichoscopic features of female patients in regard to the severity of ...
Ishibashi Yuji - - 2011
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their receptor (RAGE) axis contributes to diabetic nephropathy. An oral hypoglycemic agent, metformin may have a potential effect on the inhibition of glycation reactions. Further, since a pathophysiological crosstalk between renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and AGEs-RAGE axis is involved in diabetic nephropathy, it is conceivable ...
Sola-Carvajal Agustín - - 2011
N-Acyl-d-Glucosamine 2-epimerase (AGE) catalyzes the reversible epimerization between N-acetyl-d-mannosamine (ManNAc) and N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (GlcNAc). Bacteroides ovatus ATCC 8483 shows 3 putative genes for AGE activity (BACOVA_00274, BACOVA_01795 and BACOVA_01816). The BACOVA_00274 gene encodes an AGE (BoAGE1) with strong similarity to the AGE previously characterized in Bacteroides fragilis. Interestingly, the BACOVA_01816 gene ...
Limotai Natlada - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Characterize potential risk factors and the relationship of dopamine agonist withdrawal symptoms(DAWS), dopamine dysregulation syndrome(DDS) and impulse control disorders(ICDs) in Parkinson's disease(PD). Methods: A retrospective chart review categorized cases into three groups; DAWS, DDS and ICDs. Results: A total of 1,040 subjects met inclusion criteria. There were 332 ...
Hannemann A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Small clinical studies suggested a role for aldosterone in the development of endothelial dysfunction. We investigated whether the plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) or the aldosterone-to-renin ratio (ARR) were associated with decreased endothelial function as measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery in the general population. METHODS: Our ...
Anibor E - - 2011
We determined asymmetry, complexity and pattern polarization of dermal ridges and palmar variables of atd angle, a - b ridge count and total finger ridge count of dermal ridges among the Ndokwa people of Nigeria. 400 healthy students who are Ndokwas were studied. Ink prints of their fingers and palms ...
Unno N - - 2011
Lymph transportation is controlled, at least in part, by the intrinsic pumping of lymphatic vessels. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the influences of age and gender on leg lymphatic pumping pressure. A total of 399 subjects between the ages of 20 and 91 years (199 males and ...
Manckoundia Patrick - - 2012
Only few studies have investigated the use of HA in elderly subjects and there are no data in very elderly subjects. We assessed the prescription of HA and analyzed the relationship between such prescriptions and frailty markers among persons aged 80 and more in an observational study. We recorded the ...
Stenger Michael B - - 2012
We studied 15 men (8 treatment, 7 control) before and after 21 days of 6º head-down tilt to determine whether daily, 1-h exposures to 1.0 G(z) (at the heart) artificial gravity (AG) would prevent bed rest-induced cardiovascular deconditioning. Testing included echocardiographic analysis of cardiac function, plasma volume (PV), aerobic power ...
Hurley P J - - 2011
Parkinson's Disease (PD) and the natural aging process share a number of biochemical mechanisms, including reduced function of dopaminergic systems. The present study aims to determine the extent that motor and behavioral changes in aged monkeys resemble parkinsonism induced by the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine. The behavioral and physiological changes in PD ...
Mogicato G - - 2011
Adrenal length and width were determined from two-dimensional ultrasound longitudinal images. In study 1, 540 measurements of adrenal glands were attempted from five healthy beagle dogs by three different observers with different levels of expertise in ultrasonography, to determine the variability of adrenal gland measurements. Of these, 484 measurements were ...
Peterson Mark D - - 2011
sarcopenia plays a principal role in the pathogenesis of frailty and functional impairment that occur with aging. There are few published accounts that examine the overall benefit of resistance exercise (RE) for lean body mass (LBM) while considering a continuum of dosage schemes and/or age ranges. Therefore, the purpose of ...
Rensel Michelle A - - 2011
It is well known that variation in developmental conditions can have profound effects upon lifetime fitness. In altricial avian species, nestlings undergo a substantial portion of development in the nest after hatching, often in the presence of nest-mates. This can result in the formation of brood hierarchies based on age, ...
Clinchy Michael - - 2011
Predator-induced changes in the glucocorticoid responses of prey have been proposed to mediate indirect predator effects on prey demography. Ambiguities exist, however, as to whether differences in predation threat in the environment at large affect the mean glucocorticoid response in wild birds and mammals, and whether this is likely to ...
Bonafini B A - - 2011
By observing the art of different eras, as well as the more recent existence of the media, it is obvious that there have been dramatic changes in what is considered a beautiful body. The ideal of female beauty has shifted from a symbol of fertility to one of mathematically calculated ...
Reddy Sreenivasulu - - 2011
Following microvascular surgeries, stenosis and spasm of the arterial graft or the recipient vessel are serious complications which are often caused by intimal hyperplasia and perivascular nerves, respectively. The purpose of this study was to understand the characteristics of arterial wall and sympathetic innervation of the human superficial temporal artery ...
Samanez-Larkin Gregory R - - 2011
Intertemporal choices are a ubiquitous class of decisions that involve selecting between outcomes available at different times in the future. We investigated the neural systems supporting intertemporal decisions in healthy younger and older adults. Using functional neuroimaging, we find that aging is associated with a shift in the brain areas ...
Nepocatych Svetlana - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of regular warm-up, and upper-body vibration (UBV), or UBV+ short warm-up on swimming performance in Masters Swimmers. Six women and 4 men, mean age 35 ± 9 years, active master swimmers volunteered to participate in the study. Participants were assigned ...
Martins Nicole - - 2011
The 150 top-selling video games were content analyzed to study representations of male bodies. Human males in the games were captured via screenshot and body parts measured. These measurements were then compared to anthropometric data drawn from a representative sample of 1120 North American men. Characters at high levels of ...
Alfano Lauren - - 2011
Body checking includes any behavior aimed at global or specific evaluations of appearance characteristics. Men and women are believed to express these behaviors differently, possibly reflecting different socialization. However, there has been no empirical test of the impact of gender on body checking. A total of 1024 male and female ...
Battaglia S - - 2011
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and ageing may contribute to malnutrition. We aimed to explore whether COPD and ageing determine malnutrition in different manners. 460 stable COPD outpatients (376 males and 84 females) from the Extrapulmonary Consequences of COPD in the Elderly (ECCE) study database were investigated (age 75.0±5.9 yrs; ...
Howe Cheryl A - - 2011
Objective. To determine if a 10-month after-school physical activity (PA) intervention could prevent deleterious changes in body composition and cardiovascular (CV) fitness in young black boys. Methods. Following baseline measures, 106 boys (8-12 yrs) were randomized to either a control group or an intervention group, further divided into attenders (ATT) ...
Smith Joseph A M - - 2010
Identifying the determinants of habitat quality for a species is essential for understanding how populations are limited and regulated. Spatiotemporal variation in moisture and its influence on food availability may drive patterns of habitat occupancy and demographic outcomes. Nonbreeding migratory birds in the neotropics occupy a range of habitat types ...
King Stephen J - - 2011
We summarize morphometric data collected over a period of 22 years from a natural population of rainforest sifakas (Propithecus edwardsi) at Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar, and we use those data to document patterns of growth and development. Individually identified, known-age sifakas were successfully captured, measured, and released. We found that ...
Li Yiming - - 2011
1. Shifts in the body size of insular vertebrates have been an interesting theme in ecological and evolutionary studies. Four primary factors, including predation pressures, resource availability, inter-species competition and immigrant selection, have been proposed to explain the trend in insular body size. Life-history theory predicts that body size, average age, ...
Kogure Yoshihito - - 2010
A 64-year-old man accidentally fell into a wood chip tank and nearly suffocated in 1970. He frequently suffered from pneumonia after reaching the age of 40. In 2009, he suffered from pneumonia again, and a chest computed tomography revealed a foreign body in the left main stem bronchus. Flexible bronchoscopy ...
Brooks R - - 2010
Abstract Studies of the attractiveness of female bodies have focussed strongly on the waist, hips and bust, but sexual selection operates on whole phenotypes rather than the relative proportions of just two or three body parts. Here, we use body scanners to extract computer-generated images of 96 Chinese women's bodies ...
Brooks R - - 2010
Studies of the attractiveness of female bodies have focussed strongly on the waist, hips and bust, but sexual selection operates on whole phenotypes rather than the relative proportions of just two or three body parts. Here, we use body scanners to extract computer-generated images of 96 Chinese women's bodies with ...
Thompson Jessica C - - 2010
A detailed taphonomic analysis is provided for the mammalian and tortoise faunal assemblages from Pinnacle Point Cave 13B (PP13B). It is the first of several reports on the fauna from this site, and must necessarily precede analyses focused on higher level interpretations of Middle Stone Age (MSA) butchery, transport, and ...
Velásquez Yelitza - - 2010
The carrion beetle Oxelytrum discicolle (Brullé, 1840) has forensic importance in the Neotropical region. The age of their larvae can provide important information to estimate the minimum postmortem interval of the corpse. This study was designed to determine the larval stages of this species, using three morphological measurements, as follows: ...
Koskina Nefeli - - 2010
The present study examined the effects of insecure attachment on the development of negative body image as a contributing factor to the development of disturbed eating patterns in male and female university students. Participants were nonclinical male (n = 100) and female (n = 381) university students. Administering self-report questionnaires, ...
May Shannon E - - 2011
Cremains have become increasingly frequent in forensic contexts, while higher body mass in the general population has simultaneously made cremation a more cost-effective mortuary practice. This study analyzed the relationship between body mass and bone mass, as reflected through cremation weight. Antemortem data were recorded for samples used in the ...
Lam Carolyn S P CS Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA 01702-5803, - - 2010
Aortic root remodeling in adulthood is known to be associated with cardiovascular outcomes. However, there is a lack of longitudinal data defining the clinical correlates of aortic root remodeling over the adult life course. We used serial routine echocardiograms in participants of the Framingham Heart Study to track aortic root ...
Weyermann Céline - - 2011
Determining the time since deposition of fingermarks may prove necessary to assess their relevance to criminal investigations. The crucial factor is the initial composition of fingermarks, because it represents the starting point of any aging model. This study mainly aimed to characterize the initial composition of fingerprints, which show a ...
Tohno Setsuko - - 2011
To elucidate compositional changes of the visual system with aging, the authors investigated age-related changes of elements in the optic chiasma, lateral geniculate body, and superior colliculus, relationships among their elements, relationships among their brain regions from a viewpoint of elements, and gender differences in their elements by direct chemical ...
Justine Jean-Lou - - 2010
Although monogenean systematics is often based on the morphological analysis of sclerotised structures, their variation with size or age is rarely investigated. Two hundred specimens of the monocotylid Dendromonocotyle pipinna Chisholm and Whittington 2004 were studied. In the haptor, the numbers of marginal papillae, of sclerites in the marginal papillae ...
Tomkinson Grant R - - 2010
The aim of this study was to quantify the secular changes in body dimensions of Royal Australian Air Force aircrew. Following corrections for methodological differences, two samples (matched for age and overall body size) of male aircrew measured in 1971 (n = 220) and 2005 (n = 220) were compared ...
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