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Lis Grzegorz J GJ Department of Histology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kopernika 7, 31-034 Krakow, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Calcified heart valves display a significant imbalance in tissue content of trace and essential elements. The valvular calcification is an age-related process and there are data suggesting involvement of lipids. We studied elemental composition and lipid distribution in three distinct regions of calcified human aortic valves, representing successive stages of ...
Ito Masayasu M Assistant Professor, Department of Removable Prosthodontics, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Chiba, Japan; Formerly Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, Creighton University School of Dentistry, Omaha, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of race, age, and gender on Commision Internationale de l'Eclairage Lab color space (CIELAB) values of attached gingival colors. The color coordinates of an optimal proposed attached gingival shade guide were also determined. Participants (n = 120) were recruited to ...
Kurukulaaratchy Ramesh J RJ David Hide Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, St Mary's Hospital, Newport, Isle of Wight, United - - 2014
Rhinitis affects many young adults and often shows comorbidity with asthma. We hypothesized that young adult rhinitis, like asthma, exhibits clinical heterogeneity identifiable by means of cluster analysis. Participants in the Isle of Wight birth cohort (n = 1456) were assessed at 1, 2, 4, 10, and 18 years of age. Cluster ...
Lopez Terry T 1 Department of Pharmacology, University of California , Irvine, Irvine, California, USA - - 2014
Abstract Green tea is a popular beverage believed to have many health benefits, including a reduction in the risks of heart disease and cancer. Rich in polyphenolic compounds known as catechins, green tea and its components have been shown to increase the lifespan of various animal models, including Drosophila melanogaster. ...
Eeftens Marloes M From the aInstitute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; bDepartment of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland; cUniversity of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; dKarolinska Institute, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden; eCentre for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom; fJulius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; gUniversity of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Institute of Inflammation and Repair, University Hospital of South Manchester NHS Foundation Trust, Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom; hHelmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology II, Neuherberg, Germany; iUniversity of Augsburg, Environmental Science Center, Augsburg, Germany; jHelmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology I, Neuherberg, Germany; kSchool of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; lIUF Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental Medicine, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany; mMedical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany; nMRC-HPA Centre for Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; oTNO, Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research, Utrecht, The Netherlands; pUniversity of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, GRIAC Research Institute and Department of Pediatric Pulmonology and Pediatric Allergology, Beatrix Children's Hospital, Groningen, The Netherlands; qAir Quality & Sustainable Nanotechnology, IUTA e.V., and CENIDE at the University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany; and rDepartment of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
Negative effects of long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM) on lung function have been shown repeatedly. Spatial differences in the composition and toxicity of PM may explain differences in observed effect sizes between studies. We conducted a multicenter study in 5 European birth cohorts-BAMSE (Sweden), GINIplus and LISAplus (Germany), MAAS ...
Graham Stewart F SF Institute for Global Food Security, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland, - - 2014
Disease-, age-, and gender-associated changes in brain copper, iron, and zinc were assessed in postmortem neocortical tissue (Brodmann area 7) from patients with moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD) (n = 14), severe AD (n = 28), dementia with Lewy bodies (n = 15), and normal age-matched control subjects (n = 26). ...
De Ferrari Aldo - - 2014
Excessive erythrocytosis (EE) is a prevalent condition in populations living at high altitudes (>2500 meters above sea level). Few large population-based studies have explored the association between EE and multiple subject-specific traits including oxygen saturation, iron status indicators and pulmonary function. We enrolled a sex- and age-stratified sample of 1065 ...
Wang Dan D Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, The Sixth Affiliated People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, No. 600, Yi Shan Road, Shanghai 200233, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate age-related iron deposition changes in healthy subjects and Alzheimer disease patients using susceptibility weighted imaging. The study recruited 182 people, including 143 healthy volunteers and 39 Alzheimer disease patients. All underwent conventional magnetic resonance imaging and susceptibility weighted imaging sequences. The groups were divided according ...
Saghiri Mohammad Ali MA Departments of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences and Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public health, Madison, WI, USA, - - 2014
Previous studies on the endodontic broken stainless steel instruments have mainly focused on retrieval of specimens. However, the systemic consequences of the retained separated instruments need an investigation. The current study aimed to evaluate the correlation between broken stainless steel instruments inside the root canal space and the urinary level ...
Bakalli Ilirjana - - 2014
Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis is a rare disorder that can occur at any age and is characterized by the triad of hemoptysis, iron deficiency anemia and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. The clinical course is exceedingly variable especially in children and a substantial proportion of this age group is undiagnosed. It is probably ...
Voss S C SC Aspire Academy, Sport Science Department, Doha, Qatar - - - 2014
Aim: Hematological and biochemical parameters of 160 Middle Eastern adolescent male athletes (aged from 12-18 years) were tested in order to investigate their iron status and to establish reference values for this population. A focus of this study was also the investigation of Reticulocyte hemoglobin (RetHe) and soluble transferrin receptor ...
Kurukulaaratchy Ramesh J RJ The David Hide Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, St Mary's Hospital, Newport, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom; Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, United - - 2014
Cluster analyses have enhanced understanding of the heterogeneity of both paediatric and adult wheezing. However while adolescence represents an important transitional phase, the nature of young adult wheeze has yet to be clearly characterised. To use cluster analysis to define, for the first time, clinically relevant young adult wheeze clusters ...
Martínez-García Alfredo A Geological Institute, ETH Zürich, 8092 Zürich, - - 2014
John H. Martin, who discovered widespread iron limitation of ocean productivity, proposed that dust-borne iron fertilization of Southern Ocean phytoplankton caused the ice age reduction in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). In a sediment core from the Subantarctic Atlantic, we measured foraminifera-bound nitrogen isotopes to reconstruct ice age nitrate consumption, burial ...
Ennis Liam - - 2014
This study examines whether clinically meaningful subgroups could be identified within a large, undifferentiated group of convicted adult male sex offenders. Of eight cluster analyses, a reliable three-cluster solution emerged based on the subscores of the Static-2002R with 345 sex offenders. To establish the validity of the emergent clusters, the ...
Miller Linda L MS Service, NHS Ayrshire and Arran , Scotland , UK - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Functional electrical stimulation (FES), an assistive device used for foot drop, has been found to improve the speed and energy cost of walking in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). This study aims to compare the immediate orthotic effect on walking of two different devices; the Odstock Dropped Foot ...
Oldewage-Theron Wilna H WH 1 Centre of Sustainable Livelihoods, Vaal University of Technology, Private Bag X021, Vanderbijlpark 1900, South - - 2014
To investigate the relationship between poor Fe status and overweight or obesity in elderly respondents in South Africa. Cross-sectional, observational baseline survey. Sharpeville, South Africa. A sample size calculation determined a representative sample of 104 randomly selected elderly (≥60 years) respondents. Measurements included weight, height, biochemical and haematological parameters. Measured ...
Maia Lúcio Henrique Esmeraldo Gurgel - - 2014
To test the null hypothesis that the aging process in self-ligating brackets is not higher than in conventional brackets. Twenty-five conventional (GN-3M/Unitek; GE-GAC; VE-Aditek) and 25 self-ligating (SCs-3M/Unitek; INs-GAC; ECs-Aditek) metal brackets from three manufacturers (n = 150) were submitted to aging process in 0.9% NaCl solution at a constant ...
Gong Liya L Departments of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, - - 2014
To assess the effect of a weight-loss program on improving iron status in overweight and obese school-aged children. The data were analyzed in overweight and obese children (7-11 years of age; 114 girls and 212 boys) with body mass index-for-age z-scores (BAZ) >1 from a weight-loss program. Schools were randomly divided ...
Au Wing-Yan WY Blood-Med Clinic , Hong Kong , People's Republic of - - 2014
Abstract Southern China has one of the world's largest population of patients needing transfusions. Transfusion and chelation are not uniformly available and no magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessment data exists to date. A total of 153 young β-thalassemia major (β-TM) patients were assessed using a validated 1.5T scanner in Hong ...
Dong Limin L Northeast Agricultural University, 59 Mucai Street, Xiangfang District, Harbin 150030, P.R. China; Key Laboratory of Mollisols Agroecology, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 138 Haping Road, 150081, Harbin, P.R. China; Center for Vector Biology, Rutgers University, 180 Jones Avenue, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8536 - - 2014
Mating aggregations in the mosquito parasitic nematode, Strelkovimermis spiculatus, were investigated in the laboratory. Female postparasites, through their attraction of males and, remarkably, other females, drive the formation of mating clusters. Clusters may grow in size by merging with other individual or clusters. Female molting to the adult stage and ...
Bennett William E WE Jr Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, 410 W. 10th Street, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA, - - 2014
Both the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommend delaying the introduction of cow's milk until after 1 year of age due to its low absorbable iron content. We used a novel computerized decision support system to gather data from multiple general pediatrics offices. We asked ...
Zaichick Vladimir V Radionuclide Diagnostics Department, Medical Radiological Research Centre, Koroleva Str.-4, Obninsk, 249036, Kaluga Region, Russia, - - 2014
The variation with age of the Br, Fe, Rb, Sr, and Zn mass fractions and some histological characteristics of intact prostate glands of 50 subjects aged 0-30 years was investigated by an energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence and a quantitative morphometric analysis. Mean values ± standard error of the mean (M ± SΕΜ) for the mass fractions ...
Fonseca Márlon de Freitas MD Instituto Fernandes Figueira, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Av. Rui Barbosa 716, Flamengo, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22250-020, Brazil; Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 401 Park Drive, Landmark Center Room 3-110 East, Boston, MA 02215, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intrauterine methylmercury exposure and prenatal iron deficiency negatively affect offspring's brain development. Since fish is a major source of both methylmercury and iron, occurrence of negative confounding may affect the interpretation of studies concerning cognition. We assessed relationships between methylmercury exposure and iron-status in childbearing females from a population naturally ...
Mallikarjun Venkatesh V Institute of Biomedical Technology and BioMediTech, University of Tampere, FI-33014, Tampere, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Free (labile or chelatable) iron is extremely redox-active and represents only a small fraction of the total mitochondrial iron population. Several studies have shown that the proportion of free iron increases with age, leading to increased Fenton chemistry in later life. It is not clear why free iron accumulates in ...
Sun C C 1] Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843 [2] Materials Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, - - 2014
Defect sinks, such as grain boundaries and phase boundaries, have been widely accepted to improve the irradiation resistance of metallic materials. However, free surface, an ideal defect sink, has received little attention in bulk materials as surface-to-volume ratio is typically low. Here by using in situ Kr ion irradiation technique ...
Pfrimer Karina K Division of General Internal and Geriatric Medicine, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil. ; Division of Clinical Nutrition, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, - - 2014
Data about the influence of aging on urinary excretion of iron and zinc are scarce. The objective of the present study was to compare the concentration of zinc and iron in the urine of healthy elderly subjects and younger adults. Seven healthy elderly subjects and seven younger adults were selected ...
Busti Fabiana F Department of Medicine, University of Verona Verona, - - 2014
Iron deficiency (ID) is relatively common among the elderly population, contributing substantially to the high prevalence of anemia observed in the last decades of life, which in turn has important implications both on quality of life and on survival. In elderly subjects, ID is often multifactorial, i.e., due to multiple ...
Marriner Nick N CNRS, Laboratoire Chrono-Environnement UMR 6249, Université de Franche-Comté, UFR ST, 16 route de Gray, 25030 Besançon, - - 2014
Beirut, Sidon and Tyre were major centres of maritime trade from the Bronze Age onwards. This economic prosperity generated increased pressures on the local environment, through urbanization and harbour development. Until now, however, the impact of expanding seaport infrastructure has largely been neglected and there is a paucity of data ...
Nunes Lázaro Alessandro Soares LA Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Metrocamp College-IBMEC Group, 13035-270 Campinas, SP, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to establish reference intervals (RIs) for the hemogram and iron status biomarkers in a physically active population. The study population included male volunteers (n = 150) with an average age of 19 ± 1 years who had participated in a regular and controlled exercise ...
Walker Steven J H SJ Department of Archaeology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South - - 2014
Kathu Townlands is a high density Earlier Stone Age locality in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Here we present the first detailed information on this locality based on analysis of a sample of lithic material from excavations by P. Beaumont and field observations made in the course of fieldwork ...
Knechtle Beat B Gesundheitszentrum St Gallen, St Gallen, - - 2014
This study investigated changes in performance and sex difference in top performers for ultra-triathlon races held between 1978 and 2013 from Ironman (3.8 km swim, 180 km cycle, and 42 km run) to double deca iron ultra-triathlon distance (76 km swim, 3,600 km cycle, and 844 km run). The fastest ...
Wilczek Piotr P Bioengineering Laboratory, Heart Prosthesis Institute, Wolnosci 345a, 41-800 Zabrze, - - 2014
The limitations associated with conventional valve prosthesis have led to a search for alternatives. One potential approach is tissue engineering. Most tissue engineering studies have described the biomechanical properties of heart valves derived from adult pigs. However, because one of the factors affecting the function of valve prosthesis after implantation ...
Kim J Y - - 2013
Background/Objectives:We studied the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES), represented by household income, and the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) among adolescent girls in Korea.Subjects/Methods:The samples were based on the data from a four-year (2008-2011) collection for the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1312 girls, age ...
Fairweather-Tait Susan J - - 2013
Iron deficiency anaemia is prevalent in older age, particularly after the age of 80. Serum ferritin concentrations also decline, although there is no evidence to suggest that changes in iron stores are an inevitable consequence of ageing. Chronic inflammation is a common condition in older people, making the measurement of ...
Iannotti Lora L - - 2013
Haiti has experienced rapid urbanization that has exacerbated poverty and undernutrition in large slum areas. Stunting affects 1 in 5 young children. We aimed to test the efficacy of a daily lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) for increased linear growth in young children. Healthy, singleton infants aged 6-11 mo (n = ...
Liu Tongxu - - 2013
Investigation of the effects of ferrous iron (Fe(II)) on the ability of aged (iron oxide coated) Fe0 to degrade trichloroethylene (TCE) has revealed that, while neither aged Fe0 nor Fe(II) separately were able to degrade TCE, approximately 95% of the TCE present was degraded after exposure to a mixture of ...
Hirohashi Noritaka N Oki Marine Biological Station; Education and Research Center for Biological Resources; Shimane University; Oki, Shimane, - - 2013
Some coastal squids exhibit male dimorphism (large and small body size) that is linked to mating behaviors. Large "consort" males compete with other, rival males to copulate with a female, and thereby transfer their spermatophores to her internal site around the oviduct. Small "sneaker" males rush to a single female ...
Sakagami Takuro - - 2013
Abstract Objective: While the majority of individuals with asthma retain normal lung function over time, some exhibit accelerated lung function decline. Preservation of lung function is an important aspect of asthma management. Whether the asthma guidelines can prevent lung function decline remains controversial. This study was performed to determine the ...
Hussain Shokit - - 2013
The work reported in this paper describes the preparation, morphology, stability and sensitivity of Ag-nanoparticles towards sunlight using Allium sativum, garlic extract for the first time. The synthesized silver particles show an intense surface plasmon resonance band in the visible region at 410 nm. The position of the wavelength maxima, blue ...
Moore Philip K - - 2013
Aims: To investigate the role of endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in the control of ageing and healthspan of Caenorhabditis elegans. Results: We show that the model organism, C. elegans, synthesizes H2S. Three H2S synthesizing enzymes are present in C. elegans namely cystathionine  lyase (CSE), cystathionine  synthetase (CBS) and ...
Sniegulska Magdalena M Warsaw School of Social Sciences and - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to analyze free exploration of an unfamiliar, novel object in a semi-natural environment in 189 preschool children aged 3 to 7 years. The study used a purpose-built, novel, and complex stimulus object. Each child was shown the complex object lying on the floor ...
Amouian Sepideh S Assistant Professor, Department of Paediatric Neurology, Golestan University of Medical Science , Gorgan, Iran - - 2013
Pathogenesis of Febrile Convulsion (FC) is unknown but some elements and genetic predispositions have been considered in the top list. This case-control study was designed to compare some trace elements in paediatrics who were admitted with FC and those in febrile ones without seizure attacks at an academic hospital in ...
Wei Shougang - - 2013
It has been proved that iron progressively accumulates in the brain with age. Calorie restriction (CR) may allay many of the adverse effects of aging on the brain, yet the underlying mechanisms, in particular in relation to brain iron metabolism, remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of ...
Beisner Brianne A - - 2013
The signaling context has been found to change the meaning of the silent bared-teeth display (SBT) in pigtail macaques (Macaca nemestrina) such that the SBT in apparently peaceful contexts communicates subordination, a long-term pattern of behavior, whereas in conflict contexts it communicates immediate submission (PNAS, 104: 1581-1586). However, the context ...
Sedlacik J - - 2013
Quantitative transverse relaxation rates in normal aging brain are essential to investigate pathologies associated with iron accumulation and tissue degeneration. Since absolute values depend on imaging methods and magnetic field strengths, continuous evaluation of specific reference values remain requisite. Multi-echo turbo spin echo and multi-echo gradient recalled echo imaging sequences ...
Laursen Jens - - 2013
Meta-analysis of previous studies evaluating associations between content of elements sulphur (S), chlorine (Cl), potassium (K), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) and bromine (Br) in normal and cirrhotic autopsy liver tissue samples. Normal liver samples from 45 Greenlandic Inuit, median age 60 years and from 71 Danes, median age ...
Gesquiere Ina - - 2013
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) may reduce the absorption of iron, but the extent to which this absorption is impeded is largely unknown. First, we determined the prevalence of iron deficiency following RYGB and explored the risk factors for its development. Second, we examined to what extent oral iron supplements are ...
Behnamfard Ali - - 2013
A novel hydrometallurgical process was proposed for selective recovery of Cu, Ag, Au and Pd from waste printed circuit boards (PCBs). More than 99% of copper content was dissolved by using two consecutive sulfuric acid leaching steps in the presence of H2O2 as oxidizing agents. The solid residue of 2nd ...
Wee Alvin G - - 2013
Currently, no commercially available facial shade guide exists in the United States for the fabrication of facial prostheses. The purpose of this study was to measure facial skin and lip color in a human population sample stratified by age, gender, and race. Clustering analysis was used to determine optimal color ...
Lopez-Jornet Pia - - 2013
A study was made of the association between recurrent aphthosis (RAS) and iron, ferritin, vitamin B12, and folic acid deficiency. A total of 186 adults were consecutively recruited: 92 subjects with RAS (28 males and 64 females, with a mean age of 41 years) and 94 controls (20 men and 74 ...
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