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Franzini Maria M Scuola Superiora Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy; Fondazione Toscana G. Monasterio, Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aim of this study is to determine the 99th upper-reference limit (URL) for cardiac troponin T (cTnT) in Italian apparently healthy subjects. The reference population was selected from 5 cities: Bolzano (n=290), Milano (CAMELIA-Study, n=287); Montignoso (MEHLP-Study, n=306); Pisa (n=182); Reggio Calabria (MAREA-Study, n=535). Subjects having cardiac/systemic acute/chronic diseases were ...
Battiprolu Pavan K PK Amgen - - 2014
Cardiac tissue from female rainbow trout demonstrates a sex-specific preference for exogenous glucose and glycolysis, impaired Ca(2+) handling, and a greater tolerance for hypoxia and reoxygenation than males. We tested the hypothesis that dichloroacetate (DCA), an activator of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH), will enhance cardiac energy metabolism and Ca(2+)-handling in female ...
Bretz E E Semmelweis University Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences Alkotás u. 44 H-1123 Budapest - - 2014
Regular assessment of psycho-physiological parameters in aged subjects helps to clarify physical and mental conditions which are important in the prevention of health-endangering events to assure a healthy aging. Thirty older care female residents consented voluntarily to participate in the study. The somatic and psycho-physiological parameters recorded were handgrip force, ...
Kapidžić Ana A Institute of Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, - - 2014
We examined the effects of gender and age in young and middle-aged subjects on the level of cardio-respiratory interaction by analyzing properties of cardiac, respiratory and cardiac-respiratory regulatory mechanisms under paced breathing. In 56 healthy subjects, ECG (RR interval) and respiratory signal were simultaneously acquired in supine position at paced ...
Li Qing Q Department of Cardiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of the Xi'an Jiao Tong University, 157 five West Road, Xi'an 710004, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Periostin, as an extracellular matrix (ECM) proterin, plays a critical role in myocardial fibrosis and also might be involved in the heart inflammatory process since it is a downstream molecule of IL4 and IL13. Considering the possible important role of periostin in heart aging, this study explored periostin expression pattern ...
Levi Edi E Edi Levi, Paula Sochacki, Nabiha Khoury, Bhaumik B Patel, Adhip PN Majumdar, Department of Veterans Affairs, John D Dingell VA Medical Center, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, United - - 2014
To demonstrated the combined effects of aging and carcinogen treatment on cancer stem/stem-like cells (CSCs) of gastric mucosa in an animal model. In this study we investigated the effects of aging and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) inflammation as a model for inflammation induced carcinogenesis in human and rat gastric mucosa ...
Jung Su Young SY Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, - - 2014
This study measured and analyzed the position and dimension of genial tubercle (GT) and mental foramen (MF) STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review study. Tertiary care teaching hospital. Two hundred ten subjects were included who received 3-dimensional (3D) facial computed tomography (CT), and the GT and MF were evaluated. Subjects were ...
Hansen Anette T AT Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Aarhus University Hospital , Aarhus , - - 2014
Objective. To investigate copeptin as a biomarker for small-for-gestational-age. Methods. We conducted a nested case-control study on maternal copeptin levels measured in gestational week 12 and 19 and risk of small-for-gestational age. Cases were defined as pregnant women who delivered a small-for-gestational-age infant. Small-for-gestational age was defined as a birth ...
Tadjibaev Pulod P Department of Family Medicine, The North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov, St. Petersburg, Russian - - 2014
This study aims to determine the cardiac dysfunction prevalence, to investigate the relationship between the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) test and structural and functional echocardiographic parameters and to determine whether SPPB scores and cardiac dysfunction are independent mortality predictors in an elderly Russian population. A random sample of 284 ...
Meng Hao H Key Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Hebei Province, College of Life Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, 050024, - - 2014
The life cycle and occurrence of Haemaphysalis concinna were investigated under field conditions from April 2012 to March 2013 in Eerguna National Natural Reserve Area situated on the China-Russia border in Inner Mongolia, China. Under natural conditions, the whole life cycle of H. concinna was allowed to complete in a ...
Jardine Claire M CM 1  Department of Pathobiology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, - - 2014
Abstract We assessed the impact of land use, demographic factors, and season on the prevalence and intensity of Baylisascaris procyonis infections in raccoons (Procyon lotor) in Ontario, Canada. From March to October, 2012, we recorded the number of B. procyonis individuals in the intestinal tracts of raccoons submitted to the ...
Liu Bin B Department of Medical Oncology, Liaoning Cancer Hospital & Institute, 44 Xiaoheyan Road, Dadong District, Shenyang, 110042, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of radiotherapy on IL-2 and IL-6 secretions of mucous epithelial cells of small intestine and the inhibition effect of deproteinized calf blood extractive (DCBE, also known as Actovegin in trade name) on apoptosis of mucous epithelial cells of small intestine. ...
Singh S V SV Microbiology Lab, Animal Health Division, Central Institute for Research on Goats, Mathura, - - 2014
Bio-load and bio-profile of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis was studied in the domestic livestock population of the country. Of the 23 429 farm and farmer's animals screened, average bio-load was 23.3% (Period of study; 28 years for goats; 13 years for sheep, cattle and buffaloes). Species-wise, bio-load was 20.1, 32.7, 39.3 and 28.3% in goats, sheep, cattle and buffaloes, respectively. Bio-load was ...
Gordon P V PV 1] Department of Pediatrics, Sacred Heart Women's and Children's Hospital, Pensacola, FL, USA [2] Pediatrix Corporation, Sunrise, FL, - - 2014
Objective:Mother's own milk and donor human milk use is increasing as a means of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) prevention. Early onset of enteral feeding has been associated with improvement of many outcomes but has not been shown to reduce the incidence of NEC. Better definition of the window of risk for ...
Pedersen Philip J PJ Department of Veterinary Clinical and Animal Science, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Dyrlaegevej 100, 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Irregularities in cardiac repolarization are known to predispose for arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death in humans. The QT interval is a quantitative measurement of repolarization, and clinically, the QTc (QT interval corrected for heart rate) and Tpeak to Tend intervals (TpTe) are used as repolarization markers. To support the use ...
Misbach Charlotte C Université Paris-Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, Unité de Cardiologie d'Alfort (UCA), Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vétérinaire d'Alfort (CHUVA), Maisons-Alfort, - - 2014
Plasma variables may be affected by breed or body weight (BW). Small-sized dogs are very common, but no specific reference intervals (RI) are used. The primary objective of this prospective study was to assess the potential effect of breed, BW, age, and sex on routine plasma analytes and packed cell ...
Huygelen V V Laboratory of Applied Veterinary Morphology, Department of Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that the mucosal maturation of the small intestine is altered in low birth weight piglets, pairs of naturally suckled low birth weight (LBW, n = 20) and normal birth weight (NBW, n = 20) littermate piglets were selected and sampled after 0, 3, 10 and 28 ...
Yano Sayoko S Kyoto Prefectural Chutan Livestock Hygiene Center, 371-2 Handa, Fukuchiyama, Kyoto 620-0954, Japan; The United Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Yamaguchi University, 1677-1 Yoshida, Yamaguchi 753-8515, - - 2014
Campylobacter jejuni is usually recovered from chickens in commercial broiler farms after 2 to 3 weeks of age. This study was conducted to clarify whether fecal excretion is associated with the age of exposure to this bacterium. Day-of-hatch broiler chickens were separated from a flock in a local commercial farm, ...
Endo Akihito A Functional Foods Forum, University of Turku, Turku, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Microbial contact begins prior to birth and continues rapidly thereafter. Few long term follow-up studies have been reported and we therefore characterized the development of intestinal microbiota of ten subjects from the 2(nd) week of life to 13 years of age. PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis combined with several bacterial group ...
Jimenez Francisco Agustin FA a Southern Illinois University, Assistant Professor, Zoology, Southern Illinois - - 2014
Abstract Macuahuitloides inexpectans n. gen., n. sp., (Molineidae: Anoplostrongylinae) is herein described. The description is based on specimens removed from the small intestine of ghost-faced bats, Mormoops megallophylla, from central Mexico. The monotypic genus is unique in featuring sexual dimorphism on the cuticular ornamentation, which consists on the presence of ...
Zonta María L ML Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores (CEPAVE), UNLP-CCT CONICET, La Plata, - - 2014
The aim was to analyze the socio-environmental variables associated with malnutrition and intestinal parasitoses in children from Aristóbulo del Valle, Province of Misiones (Argentina). A cross-sectional study was performed in 2,291 schoolchildren (age, 4-14 years). Body weight and height were measured and body mass index was calculated. NHANES III reference ...
Lee Sieun S School of Engineering Science, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate morphological characteristics of optic nerve head and peripapillary region with myopia and glaucoma. Methods: 10 normal and 17 glaucomatous myopic participants were imaged with a custom 1060-nm swept source optical coherence tomography system. The 3D images were processed and segmented for Inner Limiting Membrane (ILM), posterior border ...
Lahmar Samia S Parasitology Laboratory, National School of Veterinary Medicine, 2020 Sidi Thabet, Tunisia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Forty wild canids including 31 golden jackals (Canis aureus Linné, 1758) and 9 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes Linné, 1758) collected between 2008 and 2011 in the northeast, northwest and center of Tunisia were necropsied and examined for intestinal helminth parasites. All jackals and foxes were found infected with a prevalence ...
Visovan Irina Ioana II Medical Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. - - 2014
A gradual shift of colorectal adenoma and carcinoma location toward the proximal colon has been recently observed both in the United States and Europe. We aimed to study the polyp and adenoma detection rate in a major endoscopy center of northwestern Romania over a 16-year period, and to characterize the ...
Jose M R MR Gambo Rural General Hospital, PO Box 121 Shasehmane, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the association of intestinal parasitic diseases with age and gender in patients with diarrhea attending a rural hospital in southern Ethiopia in the period 2007-2012. A total of 32,191 stool examination was performed in patients who presented with diarrhea. The overall prevalence ...
Braxton David R DR Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, 1364 Clifton Road NE, Room H-188, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA, - - 2014
The esophageal submucosal glands (SMG) protect the squamous epithelium from insults such as gastroesophageal reflux disease by secreting mucins and bicarbonate. We have observed metaplastic changes within the SMG acini that we have termed oncocytic glandular metaplasia (OGM), and necrotizing sialometaplasia-like change (NSMLC). The aim of this study is to ...
Cutillas Cristina C Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Seville, Profesor García González 2, 41012, Seville, Spain, - - 2014
In the present work, a morphological and biometrical study of whipworms Trichuris Roederer, 1761 (Nematoda: Trichuridae) parasitizing Colobus guereza kikuyensis has been carried out. Biometrical and statistical data showed that the mean values of individual variables between Trichuris suis and Trichuris sp. from C. g. kikuyensis differed significantly (P < 0.001) when ...
Kwok L Y LY Key Laboratory of Dairy Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Education Ministry of China, Department of Food Science and Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, 306 Zhaowuda road, 010018 Hohhot, China - - 2014
Ageing of the population is an imminent global problem. Lactobacillus casei Zhang (LcZ) was isolated from Inner Mongolian fermented milk, koumiss. LcZ possesses numerous probiotic properties in in vitro tests and in animal models. However, it has never been tested in any human trial. In the current study, the impact ...
Lohsiriwat Varut - - 2014
To Evaluate the length of small bowel (SB) in Thai patients. The present prospective study included Thai adults who underwent elective open laparotomy at the Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital between August 2011 and May 2012. Patients who had previous laparotomy, intra-abdominal adhesions, or gross abnormality of ...
Jung Hye-Kyung HK Department of Internal Medicine, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) imposes a heavy economic burden. This study was to estimate the epidemio-logic features of IBS and to report the IBS burden for the first time in the Korean population. A cross-sectional study was conducted using the National Health Insurance (NHI) system database, which covers ...
Hwang Si Eun SE Department of Surgery, Daejeon Sun Hospital, Daejeon, Republic of - - 2014
To identify site-dependent and individual differences in neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-positive nerves of the myenteric plexus, we examined full-thickness walls of the stomach, pylorus, duodenum, ileum, colon, and rectum in 7 male and 8 female cadavers (mean ages, 80 and 87 years, respectively). The areas occupied by nNOS-positive nerve fibers ...
Tarnawski Andrzej S AS Andrzej S Tarnawski, Amrita Ahluwalia, Michael K Jones, University of California Irvine and the Veterans Administration Long Beach Healthcare System, 5901 E. 7 Street, Long Beach, CA 90822-5201, United - - 2014
This review updates the current views on aging gastric mucosa and the mechanisms of its increased susceptibility to injury. Experimental and clinical studies indicate that gastric mucosa of aging individuals-"aging gastropathy"-has prominent structural and functional abnormalities vs young gastric mucosa. Some of these abnormalities include a partial atrophy of gastric ...
Baadkar Shruti V SV Food Engineering and Technology Department, Institute of Chemical Technology , Mumbai , India - - 2014
Abstract Background: Lactase non-persistence (LNP) has been associated with the CC genotype of -13910C > T and GG genotype of -22018G > A polymorphisms present upstream of the lactase gene. Lactose intolerance (LI) is caused when gastrointestinal symptoms develop in individuals with low lactase activity. Objective: To analyse association of LNP genotype and LI ...
Nam Ji Hyung JH National Cancer Center, Center for Cancer Prevention and Detection, Goyang, - - 2014
The Operative Link for Gastritis Assessment (OLGA) and the Operative Link on Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia Assessment (OLGIM) staging systems have been suggested to provide risk assessment for gastric cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the distribution of OLGA and OLGIM staging by age and Helicobacter pylori status. We studied 632 ...
Grishina Irina I Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of CA, Davis, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2014
As the "baby boomers" age, the percentage of the population over sixty-five years of age is increasing rapidly. Chronic disease management is an important component in the care of the elderly. The effects of aging on different organ systems are also pertinent; such as the weakening homeostatic response to injury ...
Walzer Andreas A Group of Arthropod Ecology and Behavior, Division of Plant Protection, Department of Crop Sciences, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Peter Jordanstrasse 82, 1190 Vienna, - - 2014
The adaptive canalization hypothesis predicts that highly fitness-relevant traits are canalized via past selection, resulting in low phenotypic plasticity and high robustness to environmental stress. Accordingly, we hypothesized that the level of phenotypic plasticity of male body size of the predatory mites Phytoseiulus persimilis (low plasticity) and Neoseiulus californicus (high ...
Gupta N N Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, Department of Periodontology & Implants, Darshan Dental College & Hospital , Bareilly, UP , - - 2014
The palatal masticatory mucosa is widely used as donor material for periodontal plastic surgery. The thickness of graft tissue is important for graft survival. We investigated the thickness of palatal mucosa using a bone sounding technique. We also examined the relation of age and gender to the thickness of palatal ...
Ceneviva-Bastos M M Departamento de Zoologia e Botânica, Univ. Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas - IBILCE, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
We investigated the reproductive biology of Knodus moenkhausii, an abundant small-sized characin fish with broad occurrence in the Paraná River basin, Brazil. Specimens were collected monthly to determine fecundity, length at first maturity, reproductive period and spawning type. Gonads were macroscopically classified according to their form, size and texture in ...
Tsikitis Vassiliki L VL Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 S.W. Sam Jackson Park Road, L223A, Portland, OR 97239, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
MicroRNA (miR)-320a, miR-145, and miR-192 have been shown to play a role in colorectal carcinogenesis and metastasis. We examined if there is a difference in expression during the histologic progression from normal mucosa (NM) to high-grade dysplastic adenomas (HG). Genome-wide miRNA expression profiling was performed on 113 colon adenomas. Information ...
Polag Daniela D Max-Planck-Institut für Chemie, Hahn-Meitner-Weg 1, D-55128 Mainz, - - 2014
Methane which can sometimes be found in exhaled breath of humans is known to reflect in situ intestinal methanogenic activity. In recent years, several factors have been studied in order to understand their relevance to methane production in the intestinal tract. However, the relationship between age and methane producing status ...
Willemen S A SA 1 Laboratory of Applied Veterinary Morphology, Department of Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, - - 2014
Perinatal mortality is high among small-for-gestational age (SGA) piglets and continues to be an economic burden and threat to animal welfare. As the physiological role of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) in perinatal development and gastrointestinal function in the pig remains unknown, the aim of this study was to assess the enteric ...
Maldonado-López Selene S Centro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas, UNAM, Antigua Carretera a Pátzcuaro No. 8701, Col. Ex-Hacienda de San José de la Huerta, 58190, Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico, - - 2014
In primate populations, endoparasite species richness and prevalence are associated with host traits such as reproductive and social status, age, sex, host population density, and environmental factors such as humidity. We analyzed the species richness and prevalence of intestinal parasites in two sympatric primate populations, one of Alouatta palliata and one of ...
Masci E E Unit of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy "San Paolo" University Hospital, Milan, Italy - - - 2014
Aim: Atrophic gastritis (AG), first step in the cascade leading to gastric adenocarcinoma, is related to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Currently, the gold standard for the diagnosis of AG is esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with histological examination of the biopsy specimens. However, since the latter are taken in random order and ...
Warwick Richard R Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
Intestinal ischemia is associated with a very high mortality rate. We combined the principles of Virchow's triad to produce preoperative and postoperative models for the development of intestinal ischemia. A single institutional study was undertaken involving 18,325 consecutive patients from April 1997 to March 2012. Univariate and multivariate analysis was ...
Patel Bhavik Anil BA School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, Huxley Building, University of Brighton, Lewes Road, Brighton BN2 4GJ, - - 2014
Ageing is associated with an increased incidence of constipation in humans. The contribution that the ageing process makes to this condition is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of age on faecal output and colonic motility in male C57BL/6J mice and to determine the role ...
Melamed Nir N Maternal-Fetal Medicine Division (Placenta Clinic), Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto - - 2014
An increasingly common challenge in antenatal care of the small for gestational age (SGA) fetus is the distinction between the constitutionally (physiologically) small fetus and the fetus affected by pathological intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). We discuss here the rationale and the evidence for the use of customized growth percentiles for ...
Pereira Felipe Bisaggio - - 2014
A new nematode species, Comephoronema multipapillatum sp. n. (Cystidicolidae), is described from the anterior intestine and caecum of the squirrelfish Holocentrus adscensionis (Osbeck) (Beryciformes: Holocentridae) collected in Angra dos Reis, State of Rio de Janeiro, offshore Brazil. The new species was placed in Comephoronema Layman, 1933 by having an oval ...
Cafiero G G Sport Medicine Unit, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, - - 2014
Small for gestational age (SGA) refers to a child whose weight and, or, length at birth is less than a -2 standard deviation score (SDS) (1). Subjects born SGA have an increased risk of developing permanent metabolic changes as a result of intrauterine programming, leading to increased cardiometabolic risk in ...
Lebwohl B B Celiac Disease Center, Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA; Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital and Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Villous atrophy (VA) with intraepithelial lymphocytosis is the histological hallmark of coeliac disease (CD), but reported rates of mucosal recovery are variable. To determine the impact of age and other demographic variables on the probability of persistent VA on follow-up biopsy. We identified patients with VA on duodenal histology at ...
Bozzola Mauro - - 2014
The clinical spectrum for celiac disease (CD) is broad and includes cases with either typical (intestinal) or atypical (extraintestinal) features, often making the diagnosis of CD very difficult.We describe the case of a girl presenting with stunted growth and malnourishment. She was evaluated at 14 months for decreased growth rate ...
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