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Baadkar Shruti V SV Food Engineering and Technology Department, Institute of Chemical Technology , Mumbai , India - - 2014
Abstract Background: Lactase non-persistence (LNP) has been associated with the CC genotype of -13910C > T and GG genotype of -22018G > A polymorphisms present upstream of the lactase gene. Lactose intolerance (LI) is caused when gastrointestinal symptoms develop in individuals with low lactase activity. Objective: To analyse association of LNP genotype and LI ...
Nam Ji Hyung JH National Cancer Center, Center for Cancer Prevention and Detection, Goyang, - - 2014
The Operative Link for Gastritis Assessment (OLGA) and the Operative Link on Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia Assessment (OLGIM) staging systems have been suggested to provide risk assessment for gastric cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the distribution of OLGA and OLGIM staging by age and Helicobacter pylori status. We studied 632 ...
Grishina Irina I Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of CA, Davis, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2014
As the "baby boomers" age, the percentage of the population over sixty-five years of age is increasing rapidly. Chronic disease management is an important component in the care of the elderly. The effects of aging on different organ systems are also pertinent; such as the weakening homeostatic response to injury ...
Gupta N N Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, Department of Periodontology & Implants, Darshan Dental College & Hospital , Bareilly, UP , - - 2014
The palatal masticatory mucosa is widely used as donor material for periodontal plastic surgery. The thickness of graft tissue is important for graft survival. We investigated the thickness of palatal mucosa using a bone sounding technique. We also examined the relation of age and gender to the thickness of palatal ...
Ceneviva-Bastos M M Departamento de Zoologia e Botânica, Univ. Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas - IBILCE, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
We investigated the reproductive biology of Knodus moenkhausii, an abundant small-sized characin fish with broad occurrence in the Paraná River basin, Brazil. Specimens were collected monthly to determine fecundity, length at first maturity, reproductive period and spawning type. Gonads were macroscopically classified according to their form, size and texture in ...
Polag Daniela D Max-Planck-Institut für Chemie, Hahn-Meitner-Weg 1, D-55128 Mainz, - - 2014
Methane which can sometimes be found in exhaled breath of humans is known to reflect in situ intestinal methanogenic activity. In recent years, several factors have been studied in order to understand their relevance to methane production in the intestinal tract. However, the relationship between age and methane producing status ...
Willemen S A SA 1 Laboratory of Applied Veterinary Morphology, Department of Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, - - 2014
Perinatal mortality is high among small-for-gestational age (SGA) piglets and continues to be an economic burden and threat to animal welfare. As the physiological role of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) in perinatal development and gastrointestinal function in the pig remains unknown, the aim of this study was to assess the enteric ...
Maldonado-López Selene S Centro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas, UNAM, Antigua Carretera a Pátzcuaro No. 8701, Col. Ex-Hacienda de San José de la Huerta, 58190, Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico, - - 2014
In primate populations, endoparasite species richness and prevalence are associated with host traits such as reproductive and social status, age, sex, host population density, and environmental factors such as humidity. We analyzed the species richness and prevalence of intestinal parasites in two sympatric primate populations, one of Alouatta palliata and one of ...
Masci E E Unit of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy "San Paolo" University Hospital, Milan, Italy - - - 2014
Aim: Atrophic gastritis (AG), first step in the cascade leading to gastric adenocarcinoma, is related to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Currently, the gold standard for the diagnosis of AG is esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with histological examination of the biopsy specimens. However, since the latter are taken in random order and ...
Warwick Richard R Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
Intestinal ischemia is associated with a very high mortality rate. We combined the principles of Virchow's triad to produce preoperative and postoperative models for the development of intestinal ischemia. A single institutional study was undertaken involving 18,325 consecutive patients from April 1997 to March 2012. Univariate and multivariate analysis was ...
Patel Bhavik Anil BA School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, Huxley Building, University of Brighton, Lewes Road, Brighton BN2 4GJ, - - 2014
Ageing is associated with an increased incidence of constipation in humans. The contribution that the ageing process makes to this condition is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of age on faecal output and colonic motility in male C57BL/6J mice and to determine the role ...
Melamed Nir N Maternal-Fetal Medicine Division (Placenta Clinic), Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto - - 2014
An increasingly common challenge in antenatal care of the small for gestational age (SGA) fetus is the distinction between the constitutionally (physiologically) small fetus and the fetus affected by pathological intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). We discuss here the rationale and the evidence for the use of customized growth percentiles for ...
Pereira Felipe Bisaggio - - 2014
A new nematode species, Comephoronema multipapillatum sp. n. (Cystidicolidae), is described from the anterior intestine and caecum of the squirrelfish Holocentrus adscensionis (Osbeck) (Beryciformes: Holocentridae) collected in Angra dos Reis, State of Rio de Janeiro, offshore Brazil. The new species was placed in Comephoronema Layman, 1933 by having an oval ...
Cafiero G G Sport Medicine Unit, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, - - 2014
Small for gestational age (SGA) refers to a child whose weight and, or, length at birth is less than a -2 standard deviation score (SDS) (1). Subjects born SGA have an increased risk of developing permanent metabolic changes as a result of intrauterine programming, leading to increased cardiometabolic risk in ...
Lebwohl B B Celiac Disease Center, Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA; Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital and Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Villous atrophy (VA) with intraepithelial lymphocytosis is the histological hallmark of coeliac disease (CD), but reported rates of mucosal recovery are variable. To determine the impact of age and other demographic variables on the probability of persistent VA on follow-up biopsy. We identified patients with VA on duodenal histology at ...
Bozzola Mauro - - 2014
The clinical spectrum for celiac disease (CD) is broad and includes cases with either typical (intestinal) or atypical (extraintestinal) features, often making the diagnosis of CD very difficult.We describe the case of a girl presenting with stunted growth and malnourishment. She was evaluated at 14 months for decreased growth rate ...
Qumseya Bashar B Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida, - - 2014
OBJECTIVES:Few studies have assessed the effect of gender on remission rates after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of Barrett's esophagus (BE). We aim to assess the effect of gender on the time to achieve complete remission of intestinal metaplasia (CRIM) among patients with BE, who underwent RFA.METHODS:This was a retrospective, observational study ...
Tun Hein Min HM School of Biological Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong - - 2014
Recent studies have described the bacterial community residing in the guts of giant pandas, together with the presence of lignocellulolytic enzymes. However, a more comprehensive understanding of the intestinal microbial composition and its functional capacity in giant pandas remains a major goal. Here, we conducted a comparison of bacterial, fungal ...
Dhanabal Jeevitha J Department of Biochemistry, Sathyabama University Dental College & Hospitals, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Sholinganallur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600119, - - 2014
Intestinal parasites cause one of the most important health problems through their effects in causing undernourishment morbidity and incapacitation due to their behavior particularly in children compared to adults. This study was intended to state the prevalence of intestinal parasites between the slum dwellers of different areas in south Chennai. ...
Croy Ilona I Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Odors are powerful emotional stimuli influencing mood, attention and behavior. Here we examined if odors change the perception of pleasant touch. In line with the warning function of the olfactory system, we proposed that especially unpleasant odors will reduce touch pleasantness, presumably through a disgust-related mechanism. Forty-five healthy participants (mean ...
Candela Marco M Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Sharing an intense transgenomic metabolism with the host, the intestinal microbiota is an essential factor for several aspects of the human physiology. However, several age-related factors, such as changes diet, lifestyle, inflammation and frailty, force the deterioration of this intestinal microbiota-host mutualistic interaction, compromising the possibility to reach longevity. In ...
Saffrey M Jill MJ Department of Life Health and Chemical Sciences, Biomedical Research Network, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK, - - 2013
Gastrointestinal disorders are a major cause of morbidity in the elderly population. The gastrointestinal tract is the most complex organ system; its diverse cells perform a range of functions essential to life, not only secretion, digestion, absorption and excretion, but also, very importantly, defence. The gastrointestinal tract acts not only ...
Rampelli Simone S Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2013
Age-related alterations in human gut microbiota composition have been thoroughly described, but a detailed functional description of the intestinal bacterial coding capacity is still missing. In order to elucidate the contribution of the gut metagenome to the complex mosaic of human longevity, we applied shotgun sequencing to total fecal bacterial ...
Faubladier Céline - - 2013
This study assessed the time-scale variability of bacterial community structure in foal feces from birth to 365 days of age using Automated Ribosomal Intergenic Spacer Analysis (ARISA). Fecal samples were collected from five foals two hours after birth (meconium) and in the morning at days 1, 2, 5, 10, 30, ...
Lodemann U - - 2013
Enterococcus faecium NCIMB 10415 is a licensed probiotic for piglets that has been shown to positively affect diarrhoea incidence and to act on transport properties and immunological parameters in the porcine intestine. The aim of the present study was to examine its effects on jejunal absorptive and secretory capacities around ...
Hashemipour Maryam Alsadat MA 1)Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. 2)Kerman Dental and Oral Diseases Research Center, Kerman, - - 2013
The present study was conducted to evaluate keratinization as well as nuclear and cytoplasmic changes of oral epithelial cells among smokers, opium addicts and non-smokers through exfoliative cytology technique. Smears of buccal mucosa and mouth floor were collected from 300 males (100 smokers, 100 opium addicts and 100 non-smokers). The ...
Vijaya V V Department of Periodontics, New Horizon Dental College, Sakri, Bilaspur, Chattisgarh, - - 2013
Background: This study was done to assess the prevalence of Dentine hypersensitivity (DH) and its associated risk factors. Materials & Methods: This epidemiological study was done among patients coming to dental college regarding prevalence of DH. A self structured questionnaire along with clinical examination was done for assessment. Descriptive statistics ...
Prpić Jelena J Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Medical Faculty, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia. - - 2013
Periodontitis was found to be significantly related to obesity as well as the number of missing teeth and oral hygiene. However, the studies addressing these relationships often included smokers and diabetics, and none was performed in Eastern European patients. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate associations between ...
Wołczuk K - - 2013
Post-natal growth of the gastrointestinal tract of the Siberian hamster was studied in newborn and 3-, 7-, 14-, 21-, 42- and 90-day-old animals. Morphometric measurements and calculations were carried out: length and internal surface of gastrointestinal tract segments, size (height, width, surface) and density of villi as well as allometric ...
Ohura Kayoko - - 2013
The age-associated alteration in expression levels of carboxylesterases (CESs) can affect both intestinal and hepatic first-pass metabolism after oral administration of xenobiotic esters such as prodrugs. In this study, the age-related expression of CES isozymes and hydrolase activities were simultaneously investigated in liver, jejunum and ileum from 8-, 46- and ...
Yalçin S - - 2013
Abstract 1. The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of breeder age and egg weight on hatching performance and morphological changes in segments of the small intestine of broiler chicks during a 21h hatch window. 2. Eggs from Ross broiler breeder flocks at 29 (young) and 48 ...
Gress Brian E - - 2014
Recent work suggests that the yellow dung fly mating system may include alternative patroller-competitor mating tactics in which large males compete for gravid females on dung, whereas small, non-competitive males search for females at foraging sites. Small males obtain most matings off pasture, yet the behavioural mechanism(s) giving rise to ...
Bano Riffat R Department of Obstetric and Gynae, Aga Khan Hospital for Woman, - - 2013
The objective of the study was to determine the frequency and outcome of Small for Gestational Age (SGA) foetuses, and its association with the mode of delivery, foetal birthweight, maternal age and gestational age. It was a hospital-based descriptive study, conducted at Aga Khan Hospital for Women, Karachi, from January ...
Florian Maria Carolina MC Department of Dermatology and Allergic Diseases, University of Ulm, 89091 Ulm, - - 2013
Many organs with a high cell turnover (for example, skin, intestine and blood) are composed of short-lived cells that require continuous replenishment by somatic stem cells. Ageing results in the inability of these tissues to maintain homeostasis and it is believed that somatic stem-cell ageing is one underlying cause of ...
Moffett Elizabeth A - - 2013
As the sacrum contributes to the size and shape of the birth canal, the sexually dimorphic sacrum of humans is frequently interpreted within obstetric contexts. However, while the human sacrum has been extensively studied, comparatively little is known about sacral morphology in nonhuman primates. Thus, it remains unclear whether sacral ...
Peeran Syed Wali - - 2013
This study aimed to assess toothbrushing behavior and descriptively analyze the effect of age and gender. Two thousand and six people from the city of Sebha, Libya, aged 1 to 64 years (mean age 26.9 ± 11.6 years, 1,463 females and 543 males) constituted the study sample. Data was collected ...
Stansfield F J - - 2013
This study aimed to determine whether the follicle reserve in the ovary of the African elephant declines progressively after puberty and whether its depletion constrains the fertility of older females. Elephant ovaries were fixed in 4% neutral buffered formalin and small-follicle counts made using stereological protocols. Excepting a slight rise ...
Martins Regina Helena Garcia - - 2013
Presbyphonia is a physiological process of aging voice that includes morphological changes in the coverage mucosa, muscle, and cartilage. We revised the morphological, endoscopic, and vocal acoustic changes that occur in presbyphonia and discussed some treatments proposed to minimize glottal incompetence and improve vocal performance of the elderly.
Phillips Robert J - - 2013
It is well documented that the intrinsic enteric nervous system of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract sustains neuronal losses and reorganizes as it ages. In contrast, age-related remodeling of the extrinsic sympathetic projections to the wall of the gut is poorly characterized. The present experiment, therefore, surveyed the sympathetic projections to ...
Herbinger K-H - - 2013
Anaemia is a frequently diagnosed condition which can develop as a consequence of numerous factors, including infectious diseases (IDs). Travelling, especially in sub-/tropical regions, leads to an elevated risk of contracting IDs. The aim of our study was to assess the epidemiological significance of IDs in inducing anaemia among a ...
den Hartog Gerco - - 2013
Immunoglobulins play an important role in maintenance of mucosal homeostasis in the gut. The antigen binding specificity of these immunoglobulins depends for a large part on the hypervariable CDR3 region. To gain knowledge about isotype-specific development of the CDR3 repertoire we examined CDR3 spectratypes at multiple time points between 4 ...
Penders John - - 2013
Perturbations in the intestinal microbiota may disrupt mechanisms involved in the development of immunologic tolerance. The present study aimed to examine the establishment of the infant microbiota and its association to the development of atopic dermatitis (AD). Within a randomized, placebo-controlled trial on the prevention of AD by oral supplementation of a ...
Lee Matthew Kun - - 2013
Objective Ptosis of the submandibular glands is a well-recognized yet poorly quantified element of the aging face and neck. The goal of this study is to describe and quantify the rate and extent of age-related submandibular gland ptosis. A novel grading system is proposed to quantify the degree of descent ...
Jordan Ra - - 2013
To investigate interproximal biofilm reduction with an angled interdental brush as compared to a straight interdental brush (standard control) in a clinical, single-centre, single-blind, controlled, parallel-group trial. Recruitment and examinations of the subjects were performed at the Witten/Herdecke University School of Dental Medicine. 128 volunteers, aged 20-65 years, were recruited and ...
Na Hyun-Jin - - 2013
Age-related changes in stem cells could have a profound impact on tissue aging and the development of age-related diseases such as cancer. However, the effects of metformin, a recently recognized anti-cancer drug, on stem cell aging remain largely unknown. In the present study, an experiment was set up to investigate ...
Tran Lee L Oklahoma Center for Neuroscience, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, OK73104, - - 2013
Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract are common in the elderly people; however, the precise trait(s) of aging that contribute to the vulnerability of the gastrointestinal tract are poorly understood. Recent evidence suggests that patients with gastrointestinal disorders have increased intestinal permeability. Here, we address the hypothesis that disruption of the ...
Goto Eita - - 2013
A highly sensitive and simple screening procedure is required for early detection of low birthweight and small for gestational age, especially in developing countries. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate use of symphysis-fundal height for prediction of low birthweight and small for gestational age. PubMed (MEDLINE) and other databases were ...
Roselino Lourenço de Moraes Rego - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of brushing and artificial accelerated ageing (AAA) on colour stability and surface roughness of aesthetic restorative materials. One hundred and twenty specimens (12mm diameter×2mm thick), 40 of each material (n=8) were obtained using nanosized composite Z350 (3M ESPE), nanohybrid composite ...
Rajbhandari M M Dhulikhel Hospital- Kathmandu University Hospital, Kathmandu University School of medical Science, Kavre, - - 2013
Colonoscopy is the method to visualize the mucosa of the entire colon and terminal ileum to detect the intestinal abnormalities and obtain biopsy for definitive diagnosis. For clinical decisions in the diagnosis of various colonic lesions unambiguous interpretation of colorectal biopsies is necessary. Objectives To assess the prevalence pattern of ...
Mossie Andualem - - 2013
Khat (Catha edulis Forsk), is the psychostimulant herb cultivated in East Africa. Khat chewing could have health damaging effect. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between khat chewing and intestinal parasitic infestation. A cross sectional study was conducted in Jimma Town in July 2010. Structured ...
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