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Misbach Charlotte C Université Paris-Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, Unité de Cardiologie d'Alfort (UCA), Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vétérinaire d'Alfort (CHUVA), Maisons-Alfort, - - 2014
Plasma variables may be affected by breed or body weight (BW). Small-sized dogs are very common, but no specific reference intervals (RI) are used. The primary objective of this prospective study was to assess the potential effect of breed, BW, age, and sex on routine plasma analytes and packed cell ...
Huygelen V V Laboratory of Applied Veterinary Morphology, Department of Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that the mucosal maturation of the small intestine is altered in low birth weight piglets, pairs of naturally suckled low birth weight (LBW, n = 20) and normal birth weight (NBW, n = 20) littermate piglets were selected and sampled after 0, 3, 10 and 28 ...
Yano Sayoko S Kyoto Prefectural Chutan Livestock Hygiene Center, 371-2 Handa, Fukuchiyama, Kyoto 620-0954, Japan; The United Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Yamaguchi University, 1677-1 Yoshida, Yamaguchi 753-8515, - - 2014
Campylobacter jejuni is usually recovered from chickens in commercial broiler farms after 2 to 3 weeks of age. This study was conducted to clarify whether fecal excretion is associated with the age of exposure to this bacterium. Day-of-hatch broiler chickens were separated from a flock in a local commercial farm, ...
Endo Akihito A Functional Foods Forum, University of Turku, Turku, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Microbial contact begins prior to birth and continues rapidly thereafter. Few long term follow-up studies have been reported and we therefore characterized the development of intestinal microbiota of ten subjects from the 2(nd) week of life to 13 years of age. PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis combined with several bacterial group ...
Jimenez Francisco Agustin FA a Southern Illinois University, Assistant Professor, Zoology, Southern Illinois - - 2014
Abstract Macuahuitloides inexpectans n. gen., n. sp., (Molineidae: Anoplostrongylinae) is herein described. The description is based on specimens removed from the small intestine of ghost-faced bats, Mormoops megallophylla, from central Mexico. The monotypic genus is unique in featuring sexual dimorphism on the cuticular ornamentation, which consists on the presence of ...
Zonta María L ML Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores (CEPAVE), UNLP-CCT CONICET, La Plata, - - 2014
The aim was to analyze the socio-environmental variables associated with malnutrition and intestinal parasitoses in children from Aristóbulo del Valle, Province of Misiones (Argentina). A cross-sectional study was performed in 2,291 schoolchildren (age, 4-14 years). Body weight and height were measured and body mass index was calculated. NHANES III reference ...
Lee Sieun S School of Engineering Science, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate morphological characteristics of optic nerve head and peripapillary region with myopia and glaucoma. Methods: 10 normal and 17 glaucomatous myopic participants were imaged with a custom 1060-nm swept source optical coherence tomography system. The 3D images were processed and segmented for Inner Limiting Membrane (ILM), posterior border ...
Lahmar Samia S Parasitology Laboratory, National School of Veterinary Medicine, 2020 Sidi Thabet, Tunisia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Forty wild canids including 31 golden jackals (Canis aureus Linné, 1758) and 9 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes Linné, 1758) collected between 2008 and 2011 in the northeast, northwest and center of Tunisia were necropsied and examined for intestinal helminth parasites. All jackals and foxes were found infected with a prevalence ...
Visovan Irina Ioana II Medical Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. - - 2014
A gradual shift of colorectal adenoma and carcinoma location toward the proximal colon has been recently observed both in the United States and Europe. We aimed to study the polyp and adenoma detection rate in a major endoscopy center of northwestern Romania over a 16-year period, and to characterize the ...
Braxton David R DR Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, 1364 Clifton Road NE, Room H-188, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA, - - 2014
The esophageal submucosal glands (SMG) protect the squamous epithelium from insults such as gastroesophageal reflux disease by secreting mucins and bicarbonate. We have observed metaplastic changes within the SMG acini that we have termed oncocytic glandular metaplasia (OGM), and necrotizing sialometaplasia-like change (NSMLC). The aim of this study is to ...
Cutillas Cristina C Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Seville, Profesor García González 2, 41012, Seville, Spain, - - 2014
In the present work, a morphological and biometrical study of whipworms Trichuris Roederer, 1761 (Nematoda: Trichuridae) parasitizing Colobus guereza kikuyensis has been carried out. Biometrical and statistical data showed that the mean values of individual variables between Trichuris suis and Trichuris sp. from C. g. kikuyensis differed significantly (P < 0.001) when ...
Kwok L Y LY Key Laboratory of Dairy Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Education Ministry of China, Department of Food Science and Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, 306 Zhaowuda road, 010018 Hohhot, China - - 2014
Ageing of the population is an imminent global problem. Lactobacillus casei Zhang (LcZ) was isolated from Inner Mongolian fermented milk, koumiss. LcZ possesses numerous probiotic properties in in vitro tests and in animal models. However, it has never been tested in any human trial. In the current study, the impact ...
Jung Hye-Kyung HK Department of Internal Medicine, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) imposes a heavy economic burden. This study was to estimate the epidemio-logic features of IBS and to report the IBS burden for the first time in the Korean population. A cross-sectional study was conducted using the National Health Insurance (NHI) system database, which covers ...
Hwang Si Eun SE Department of Surgery, Daejeon Sun Hospital, Daejeon, Republic of - - 2014
To identify site-dependent and individual differences in neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-positive nerves of the myenteric plexus, we examined full-thickness walls of the stomach, pylorus, duodenum, ileum, colon, and rectum in 7 male and 8 female cadavers (mean ages, 80 and 87 years, respectively). The areas occupied by nNOS-positive nerve fibers ...
Tarnawski Andrzej S AS Andrzej S Tarnawski, Amrita Ahluwalia, Michael K Jones, University of California Irvine and the Veterans Administration Long Beach Healthcare System, 5901 E. 7 Street, Long Beach, CA 90822-5201, United - - 2014
This review updates the current views on aging gastric mucosa and the mechanisms of its increased susceptibility to injury. Experimental and clinical studies indicate that gastric mucosa of aging individuals-"aging gastropathy"-has prominent structural and functional abnormalities vs young gastric mucosa. Some of these abnormalities include a partial atrophy of gastric ...
Baadkar Shruti V SV Food Engineering and Technology Department, Institute of Chemical Technology , Mumbai , India - - 2014
Abstract Background: Lactase non-persistence (LNP) has been associated with the CC genotype of -13910C > T and GG genotype of -22018G > A polymorphisms present upstream of the lactase gene. Lactose intolerance (LI) is caused when gastrointestinal symptoms develop in individuals with low lactase activity. Objective: To analyse association of LNP genotype and LI ...
Nam Ji Hyung JH National Cancer Center, Center for Cancer Prevention and Detection, Goyang, - - 2014
The Operative Link for Gastritis Assessment (OLGA) and the Operative Link on Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia Assessment (OLGIM) staging systems have been suggested to provide risk assessment for gastric cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the distribution of OLGA and OLGIM staging by age and Helicobacter pylori status. We studied 632 ...
Grishina Irina I Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of CA, Davis, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2014
As the "baby boomers" age, the percentage of the population over sixty-five years of age is increasing rapidly. Chronic disease management is an important component in the care of the elderly. The effects of aging on different organ systems are also pertinent; such as the weakening homeostatic response to injury ...
Gupta N N Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, Department of Periodontology & Implants, Darshan Dental College & Hospital , Bareilly, UP , - - 2014
The palatal masticatory mucosa is widely used as donor material for periodontal plastic surgery. The thickness of graft tissue is important for graft survival. We investigated the thickness of palatal mucosa using a bone sounding technique. We also examined the relation of age and gender to the thickness of palatal ...
Ceneviva-Bastos M M Departamento de Zoologia e Botânica, Univ. Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas - IBILCE, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
We investigated the reproductive biology of Knodus moenkhausii, an abundant small-sized characin fish with broad occurrence in the Paraná River basin, Brazil. Specimens were collected monthly to determine fecundity, length at first maturity, reproductive period and spawning type. Gonads were macroscopically classified according to their form, size and texture in ...
Tsikitis Vassiliki L VL Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 S.W. Sam Jackson Park Road, L223A, Portland, OR 97239, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
MicroRNA (miR)-320a, miR-145, and miR-192 have been shown to play a role in colorectal carcinogenesis and metastasis. We examined if there is a difference in expression during the histologic progression from normal mucosa (NM) to high-grade dysplastic adenomas (HG). Genome-wide miRNA expression profiling was performed on 113 colon adenomas. Information ...
Polag Daniela D Max-Planck-Institut für Chemie, Hahn-Meitner-Weg 1, D-55128 Mainz, - - 2014
Methane which can sometimes be found in exhaled breath of humans is known to reflect in situ intestinal methanogenic activity. In recent years, several factors have been studied in order to understand their relevance to methane production in the intestinal tract. However, the relationship between age and methane producing status ...
Willemen S A SA 1 Laboratory of Applied Veterinary Morphology, Department of Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, - - 2014
Perinatal mortality is high among small-for-gestational age (SGA) piglets and continues to be an economic burden and threat to animal welfare. As the physiological role of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) in perinatal development and gastrointestinal function in the pig remains unknown, the aim of this study was to assess the enteric ...
Maldonado-López Selene S Centro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas, UNAM, Antigua Carretera a Pátzcuaro No. 8701, Col. Ex-Hacienda de San José de la Huerta, 58190, Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico, - - 2014
In primate populations, endoparasite species richness and prevalence are associated with host traits such as reproductive and social status, age, sex, host population density, and environmental factors such as humidity. We analyzed the species richness and prevalence of intestinal parasites in two sympatric primate populations, one of Alouatta palliata and one of ...
Masci E E Unit of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy "San Paolo" University Hospital, Milan, Italy - - - 2014
Aim: Atrophic gastritis (AG), first step in the cascade leading to gastric adenocarcinoma, is related to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Currently, the gold standard for the diagnosis of AG is esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with histological examination of the biopsy specimens. However, since the latter are taken in random order and ...
Warwick Richard R Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
Intestinal ischemia is associated with a very high mortality rate. We combined the principles of Virchow's triad to produce preoperative and postoperative models for the development of intestinal ischemia. A single institutional study was undertaken involving 18,325 consecutive patients from April 1997 to March 2012. Univariate and multivariate analysis was ...
Patel Bhavik Anil BA School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, Huxley Building, University of Brighton, Lewes Road, Brighton BN2 4GJ, - - 2014
Ageing is associated with an increased incidence of constipation in humans. The contribution that the ageing process makes to this condition is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of age on faecal output and colonic motility in male C57BL/6J mice and to determine the role ...
Melamed Nir N Maternal-Fetal Medicine Division (Placenta Clinic), Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto - - 2014
An increasingly common challenge in antenatal care of the small for gestational age (SGA) fetus is the distinction between the constitutionally (physiologically) small fetus and the fetus affected by pathological intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). We discuss here the rationale and the evidence for the use of customized growth percentiles for ...
Pereira Felipe Bisaggio - - 2014
A new nematode species, Comephoronema multipapillatum sp. n. (Cystidicolidae), is described from the anterior intestine and caecum of the squirrelfish Holocentrus adscensionis (Osbeck) (Beryciformes: Holocentridae) collected in Angra dos Reis, State of Rio de Janeiro, offshore Brazil. The new species was placed in Comephoronema Layman, 1933 by having an oval ...
Cafiero G G Sport Medicine Unit, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, - - 2014
Small for gestational age (SGA) refers to a child whose weight and, or, length at birth is less than a -2 standard deviation score (SDS) (1). Subjects born SGA have an increased risk of developing permanent metabolic changes as a result of intrauterine programming, leading to increased cardiometabolic risk in ...
Lebwohl B B Celiac Disease Center, Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA; Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital and Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Villous atrophy (VA) with intraepithelial lymphocytosis is the histological hallmark of coeliac disease (CD), but reported rates of mucosal recovery are variable. To determine the impact of age and other demographic variables on the probability of persistent VA on follow-up biopsy. We identified patients with VA on duodenal histology at ...
Bozzola Mauro - - 2014
The clinical spectrum for celiac disease (CD) is broad and includes cases with either typical (intestinal) or atypical (extraintestinal) features, often making the diagnosis of CD very difficult.We describe the case of a girl presenting with stunted growth and malnourishment. She was evaluated at 14 months for decreased growth rate ...
Qumseya Bashar B Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida, - - 2014
OBJECTIVES:Few studies have assessed the effect of gender on remission rates after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of Barrett's esophagus (BE). We aim to assess the effect of gender on the time to achieve complete remission of intestinal metaplasia (CRIM) among patients with BE, who underwent RFA.METHODS:This was a retrospective, observational study ...
Tun Hein Min HM School of Biological Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong - - 2014
Recent studies have described the bacterial community residing in the guts of giant pandas, together with the presence of lignocellulolytic enzymes. However, a more comprehensive understanding of the intestinal microbial composition and its functional capacity in giant pandas remains a major goal. Here, we conducted a comparison of bacterial, fungal ...
Dhanabal Jeevitha J Department of Biochemistry, Sathyabama University Dental College & Hospitals, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Sholinganallur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600119, - - 2014
Intestinal parasites cause one of the most important health problems through their effects in causing undernourishment morbidity and incapacitation due to their behavior particularly in children compared to adults. This study was intended to state the prevalence of intestinal parasites between the slum dwellers of different areas in south Chennai. ...
Croy Ilona I Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Odors are powerful emotional stimuli influencing mood, attention and behavior. Here we examined if odors change the perception of pleasant touch. In line with the warning function of the olfactory system, we proposed that especially unpleasant odors will reduce touch pleasantness, presumably through a disgust-related mechanism. Forty-five healthy participants (mean ...
Cúrdia Gonçalves Tiago T Gastroenterology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Alto Ave, 4831-044 Guimarães, - - 2014
Background and Aim. Angioectasias are the most common vascular anomalies found in the gastrointestinal tract. In small bowel (SB), they can cause obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) and in this setting, small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) is an important diagnostic tool. This study aimed to identify predictive factors for the presence ...
Valentini Luzia L Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Section of Nutritional Medicine, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Abstract It is not yet clear whether intestinal mucosal permeability changes with advancing age in humans. This question is of high importance for drug and nutrition approaches for older adults. Our main objective was to answer the question if small intestinal barrier integrity deteriorates with healthy aging. We conducted a ...
Steele Amanda K AK Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, United States of - - 2014
Systemic inflammation is a characteristic of both HIV-1 infection and aging ("inflammaging"). Intestinal epithelial barrier damage (IEBD) and microbial translocation (MT) contribute to HIV-associated inflammation, but their impact on inflammaging remains unclear. Plasma biomarkers for IEBD (iFABP), MT (LPS, sCD14), T-cell activation (sCD27), and inflammation (hsCRP, IL-6) were measured in ...
Olate Sergio S Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Universidad de La Frontera Chile ; Center for Biomedical Research, Universidad Autónoma de Chile - - 2014
Sjögren's Syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune pathology of varying prevalence. Its involvement in exocrine glands requires that greater attention be paid to patients' oral health. A cross-sectional study was designed to assess the oral health of subjects with SS in constant medical follow-ups. Variables such as the presence of periodontal ...
Kobayashi Toshio T Miyagi University, 2-2-1 Hatadate, Taihaku-ku, Sendai City, Miyagi 982-0215, Japan ; RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, - - 2014
The composition of the intestinal microbiota was measured following consumption of identical meals for 3 days in 92 Japanese men, and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) was used to analyze their feces. The obtained operational taxonomic units (OTUs) and the subjects' ages were classified by using Data mining (DM) ...
Candela Marco M Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Sharing an intense transgenomic metabolism with the host, the intestinal microbiota is an essential factor for several aspects of the human physiology. However, several age-related factors, such as changes diet, lifestyle, inflammation and frailty, force the deterioration of this intestinal microbiota-host mutualistic interaction, compromising the possibility to reach longevity. In ...
Saffrey M Jill MJ Department of Life Health and Chemical Sciences, Biomedical Research Network, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK, - - 2013
Gastrointestinal disorders are a major cause of morbidity in the elderly population. The gastrointestinal tract is the most complex organ system; its diverse cells perform a range of functions essential to life, not only secretion, digestion, absorption and excretion, but also, very importantly, defence. The gastrointestinal tract acts not only ...
Rampelli Simone S Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2013
Age-related alterations in human gut microbiota composition have been thoroughly described, but a detailed functional description of the intestinal bacterial coding capacity is still missing. In order to elucidate the contribution of the gut metagenome to the complex mosaic of human longevity, we applied shotgun sequencing to total fecal bacterial ...
Wang Lifeng L Key Laboratory of Dairy Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Education Ministry of P. R. China, Department of Food Science and Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Huhhot, P. R. - - 2014
Probiotics may improve intestinal health by modulating intestinal microbiota. However, the age-related variation in response to probiotic consumption is understudied. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of oral consumption of Lactobacillus plantarum P-8 (Lp-8) on human intestinal microflora, secretary immunoglobulin A (SIgA), total bile acids (TBAs), ...
Faubladier Céline - - 2013
This study assessed the time-scale variability of bacterial community structure in foal feces from birth to 365 days of age using Automated Ribosomal Intergenic Spacer Analysis (ARISA). Fecal samples were collected from five foals two hours after birth (meconium) and in the morning at days 1, 2, 5, 10, 30, ...
Lodemann U - - 2013
Enterococcus faecium NCIMB 10415 is a licensed probiotic for piglets that has been shown to positively affect diarrhoea incidence and to act on transport properties and immunological parameters in the porcine intestine. The aim of the present study was to examine its effects on jejunal absorptive and secretory capacities around ...
Hashemipour Maryam Alsadat MA 1)Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. 2)Kerman Dental and Oral Diseases Research Center, Kerman, - - 2013
The present study was conducted to evaluate keratinization as well as nuclear and cytoplasmic changes of oral epithelial cells among smokers, opium addicts and non-smokers through exfoliative cytology technique. Smears of buccal mucosa and mouth floor were collected from 300 males (100 smokers, 100 opium addicts and 100 non-smokers). The ...
Vijaya V V Department of Periodontics, New Horizon Dental College, Sakri, Bilaspur, Chattisgarh, - - 2013
Background: This study was done to assess the prevalence of Dentine hypersensitivity (DH) and its associated risk factors. Materials & Methods: This epidemiological study was done among patients coming to dental college regarding prevalence of DH. A self structured questionnaire along with clinical examination was done for assessment. Descriptive statistics ...
Prpić Jelena J Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Medical Faculty, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia. - - 2013
Periodontitis was found to be significantly related to obesity as well as the number of missing teeth and oral hygiene. However, the studies addressing these relationships often included smokers and diabetics, and none was performed in Eastern European patients. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate associations between ...
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