Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 937
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Cikim Ayse S - - 2004
Subclinical hypothyroidism and subclinical hyperthyroidism are two frequently occurring conditions for which exact therapeutic approaches have not yet been established. The aim of this study was to compare the endothelial function and carotid artery intimae-media thickness (IMT) of these two groups of patients to euthyroid subjects and to assess the ...
Utsumi M - - 2004
We qualitatively and quantitatively investigated parathyroid glands of the UM-X7.1 cardiomyopathic hamster at 1, 2, 6 and 12 months of age to compare them with those of the normal hamster. We found that at 1 month of age in the UM-X7.1 hamster, the Golgi apparatus, lipid droplets and secretory granules ...
Goncharova N D - - 2004
Peculiarities of functioning of some parts of the endocrine system (the pineal gland, pancreatic gland, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis) in an aging nonhuman primate model (Papio hamadryas and Macaca mulatta) are described in this article. It has been established that basal activity of some endocrine functions (glucocorticoid, corticotropic, pancreatic, ...
Unachak Kevalee - - 2004
Forty-eight children with primary congenital hypothyroidism, who attended Chiang Mai University Hospital, during 1977-2000, were reviewed. The female to male ratio was 2:1. The age at diagnosis ranged from 1 month to 12 years 4 months, with 27% of the cases diagnosed within the first three months of life, 37.5% ...
Ivanac Gordana - - 2004
According to the published data, endemic goiter was until recently, still present in some regions in Croatia. In this study the thyroid volume in grown-up, student population was measured. It was also analyzed which of the several traditional physiological attributes (body weight, body height, and body surface area (BSA)) were ...
Dawes Colin - - 2004
The objective of this study was to compare unstimulated salivary flow rate and residual salivary volume (the volume of saliva retained in the mouth after swallowing) in a group of 23 control subjects and a group of 25 patients who had received radiation treatment or had undergone removal of the ...
Bonamico Margherita - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test the possibility of detecting tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies (tTG-Abs) in saliva with a novel sensitive fluid-phase radioimmunoassay (RIA). STUDY DESIGN: Paired saliva and serum samples from 39 patients with celiac disease (CD), at the first biopsy (Group 1: 28 females, mean age 11.5 +/- 11.1 years); 32 controls ...
MacMaster Frank P - - 2004
Abnormalities in pituitary function have been described in major depressive disorder (MDD) and may reflect neurodevelopmental abnormalities. We hypothesized alterations in the pituitary in early onset MDD. We measured the volume of the pituitary gland in 17 MDD (mean+/-S.D.=16.67+/-1.83 years; 8M, 9F) patients and 17 age and sex matched healthy ...
Bourdiol P - - 2004
Age, health status and disease treatments are thought to influence salivary flow. In this study, age effect on salivation was compared in non-feeding (at rest and during parafilm chewing) and feeding (during meat chewing) conditions for two groups of healthy subjects, 25 young subjects (mean age 27.4 years) and 20 ...
Gomez Segovia I - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to investigate the current thyroid carcinoma (TC) incidence in Carinthia, a former iodine-deficient, goiter-endemic region in Austria with approximately 550,000 inhabitants from 1984 to 2001. Using age-cohort analysis we analyzed the TC incidence under the impact of two regional risk factors: the contamination ...
Djemli Anissa - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Paediatric reference values, although essential for interpreting patients' results, are scarce. Moreover, they are often population- and instrument-dependent. We have measured free thyroxine (Free T(4)), total triiodothyronine (Total T(3)), thyroglobulin (Tg) and thyrotropin (TSH) in samples obtained from groups of newborns, children and adolescents. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Blood samples ...
Benbassat Carlos - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Iodine intake is necessary to maintain normal thyroid function and prevent iodine deficiency disorders. In 1990, a resolution calling for universal salt iodination to eliminate iodine deficiency worldwide was taken by the World Health Organization and endorsed by some 130 countries. As of today, very little is known about ...
Gauchard Gérome C - - 2004
Neonatal screening programmes allow early treatment to limit the consequences of congenital hypothyroidism on maturation of the central nervous system, and on psychomotor and educational outcome. Consequences of age at thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) normalization on postural control were evaluated in 17 children with congenital hypothyroidism (14 females, three males; ...
Sandilands Victoria - - 2004
The effects of age and external factors on preen gland morphology and feather lipid concentrations in layer fowl (Gallus domesticus) have not previously been described. This work examines how floor substrate, whether a bird is feather pecked or not, and age influence both gross and histological morphology. Furthermore, the effects ...
Gruñeiro-Papendieck Laura - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Current WHO guidelines consider that under adequate iodine intake <3% of newborns should have neonatal TSH levels of >5 mU/l blood when screening is performed in cord blood or at 3 days to 3 weeks of age. OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether this absolute criterion when applied to newborns older ...
Chen Hua Hsuan - - 2004
The volume of the pituitary gland in adults with bipolar disorder has previously been reported to be smaller than that of healthy controls. Such abnormalities would be consistent with the HPA dysfunction reported in this illness. We conducted a study of children and adolescents with bipolar disorder to determine whether ...
Rosivack R Glenn - - 2004
PURPOSE: This study compared age related changes in submandibular/sublingual salivary flow rates in children and adolescents. METHODS: Twenty-nine children between the ages of 5 and 14 years were evaluated. A group of adults ages 18 to 39 years were also evaluated. No subject was taking medication which could have affected ...
Ng S M - - 2004
AIMS: To determine the factors which influence the suppression of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in infants with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) following treatment. METHODS: We examined retrospectively the patterns of thyroid function tests from diagnosis to 3 years of age in 140 infants diagnosed with CH from screening. Patients were classified into ...
Niepomniszcze Hugo - - 2004
The Hospital de Clínicas organized a free program of goiter detection by palpation. This campaign was aimed at the population of the metropolitan area of Greater Buenos Aires (11 million inhabitants), with the prerequisite that each participant should be quite unaware whether he/she was a carrier of any thyroid disease. ...
Nagler R M - - 2004
Xerostomia is a major complaint of many elderly individuals, and although they seek medical help, it usually provides no adequate relief. This complaint is considered a major clinical problem, since not less than 25% to 50%-60% of the population over the age of 65 complain of xerostomia. By definition, Xerostomia ...
Díez J J - - 2003
Thyroid dysfunction affects a considerable portion of the elder population. The aim of the present study has been to assess the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in adult healthy subjects over age 60 years from our population. We performed a descriptive, cross-sectional study in the setting of a sanitary area in ...
Marwaha R K - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was done to assess goitre prevalence, thyroid functional status and cause of residual goitre among school children in the postsalt iodization phase in India. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in which, 14762 school children in the age group of 6-18 years, from different States and Union territories of ...
Harjeet A - - 2004
The shape of the thyroid gland, its extension as the pyramidal lobe (PL) and attachments of the levator glandulae thyroideae (LGT) were studied in 410 male and 160 female adults from the Chandigarh zone in northwest India during medicolegal autopsies performed in the department. Whereas the measurements of the gland ...
Ghezzi E M - - 2003
A loss of acinar cells occurs with aging, while salivary production remains age-stable in healthy adults. It is hypothesized that a secretory reserve exists to preserve function despite a loss of acinar cells in normal aging. The purpose of this double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study was to determine age-related differences in ...
Cinar Ugur - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify the level of the vocal folds as projected on the exterior thyroid cartilage. STUDY DESIGN: Anatomic study of human cadaver larynges. METHODS: The study includes 83 fresh larynges harvested at autopsy from 62 male and 21 female cadavers. The larynges were excised and divided ...
Nordgarden Hilde - - 2003
Ectodermal dysplasias (EDs) constitute a group of conditions comprising developmental defects in two or more of the following tissues: hair, teeth, nails, and sweat glands. The aim of the present study was to contribute to a better understanding of salivary gland involvement in EDs. An ED group (n = 39, ...
Adams B K - - 2003
We evaluated the role of quantitative indices derived from dynamic 99mTc-pertechnetate salivary scintigraphy in the differentiation between a group of patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS), a group of patients without xerostomia, but with underlying autoimmune disorders, and a group of controls. Seventeen patients with SS (group A), 18 patients with ...
Mori Ryoichi - - 2003
By using quantitative image analysis of soft X-ray photographs on the bulk of extracted pineal glands and prostates, we made a preliminary investigation into the correlations among pineal concretions (% by mass), prostatic calculi (% by mass) and age (years) in 40 human adult males, ranging in age from 31 ...
Sari Ramazan - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid volume and thyroid function may vary in obese and nonobese women. It is not known whether weight loss could affect thyroid volume and function in obese subjects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 98 premenopausal euthyroid obese [body mass index (BMI) = 30 kg/m2] women (mean ...
Gómez J M - - 2003
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess and compare thyroid volume and its derminants in a cohort of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) and compare the results to a healthy control group. We studied 65 DM1 patients treated with an intensive insulin regimen and 65 matched controls. In ...
Sonesson Mikael - - 2003
The minor salivary glands are of great importance in the physiology and pathology of the oral cavity. So far, studies of the minor glands have concentrated on adults. In the present study, minor salivary gland secretion was studied in the buccal and labial mucosa of 3-year-old children, adolescents and young ...
Emral Rifat - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The Chernobyl accident caused widespread effects across Europe and huge areas were radiocontaminated. The major impact of the accident on human health was a sharp increase in childhood thyroid carcinoma and autoimmune thyroid diseases in exposed populations. The thyroidal effects of the Chernobyl accident have been investigated in most ...
Redondo E - - 2003
The aim of the present study was to analyze the 24-h rhythm in plasma melatonin concentration and the day-night differences in synaptophysin expresion and ultrastructural characteristics of the pinealocytes in developing female sheep. Ewes of three different ages were examined: infantile (1-6 months old), pubertal and early fertile age (9-24 ...
Langer Pavel - - 2003
Our objective was to evaluate whether there is a multimodal distribution of thyroid volume (ThV) in iodine-replete adolescents and to examine the relation between excessive ThV and the presence of thyroid hypoechogenicity (HE), serum thyroperoxidase antibodies (anti-TPO) and TSH levels >4.5 mU/l. ThV was measured by ultrasound in adolescents aged ...
Turgut Mehmet - - 2003
Pinealectomy frequently produces spinal deformity in some animal models, but the precise biological mechanism of this phenomenon remains obscure. The current study investigated the effects of an autograft pineal body on the development of spinal deformity and serum melatonin (MLT) concentration after pinealectomy in the chicken. Thirty-six chickens (2 days ...
Gautam Sujata - - 2003
The autonomic status in female thyroid patients was compared with healthy, age matched normal females taken as controls. The patients (29 +/- 7 years) were categorised into two groups: hyperthyroid and hypothyroid. The valsalva manoeuvre, standing to lying ratio (S/L ratio) and immediate heart rate response to standing (30:15 ratio) ...
David E Anderson
To determine the variation of serum thyroid hormone concentration with age and gender for alpacas. 59 randomly selected alpacas. Alpacas were selected randomly and gender and age recorded. Age groups included &lt; 6 months, 6 months to 2 years, 2 to 8 years, and &gt; 8 years. Jugular venous blood ...
Najam Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the distribution of Thyroxin (T4) and Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) values in children of various age groups attending our hospital. METHOD: We have retrospectively reviewed the T4, TSH levels recorded at our hospital in children from birth to 5 years and evaluated the reference intervals for T4 ...
Ng Bernardo - - 2003
Premarketing trials of olanzapine reported an incidence of peripheral oedema of 3%. Outpatients, who were actively receiving treatment with olanzapine, were evaluated for peripheral oedema. Twenty-eight (57%) out of 49 subjects exhibited oedema, including five (10.2%) to a severe degree. There were no significant differences regarding gender, time/dose on olanzapine, ...
Bjerregaard P - - 2003
During 1997-2001 a population survey was carried out amongst Greenland Inuit living in Denmark and West Greenland (Nuuk, Sisimiut, Qasigiannguit and four villages in Uummannaq municipality). Data collection comprised an interview, a questionnaire, clinical examinations and sampling of biological specimens (blood, urine, subcutaneous fat tissue). The clinical examinations included anthropometric ...
Schmiegelow M - - 2003
The effect of craniospinal irradiation (CSI) vs. cranial irradiation (CIR) only with or without chemotherapy (CT) on the hypothalamus/pituitary (HP) thyroid axis was assessed in a population-based study of patients treated for a childhood brain tumor not directly involving the HP axis. Thyroid function was evaluated and compared with that ...
Shidham Vinod B - - 2002
The identification of parathyroid gland tissue and its distinction from adjacent structures such as thyroid gland, lymphoid, fibroadipose, and, rarely, thymic tissues on frozen section (FS) may be challenging owing to freezing artifact. Intraoperative cytology (IC) provides valuable complementary morphologic details. We evaluated 72 specimens with IC alone (group 1), ...
Taş Fikret - - 2002
With the objective of creating standards for the volume of the thyroid gland by ultrasonography in the 0-16-year age group, thyroid volumes of 302 healthy children (150 boys, 152 girls) were measured by ultrasonography. The transverse (x), sagittal (y) and anteroposterior (z) lengths of the right and left lobes and ...
Hermann Derik - - 2002
Thyroid dysfunction is a prominent finding in alcoholism. Subclinical and clinical hypothyroidism have been associated with clinical depression and cognitive impairment and may increase the relapse risk among alcoholics. In spite of these important clinical associations, there is no consensus on thyroid dysfunction in alcoholism in the literature. In this ...
Radfar Lida - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and severity of focal lymphocytic sialadenitis in minor salivary glands of healthy, asymptomatic individuals, in whom Sjögren's syndrome (SS) has been excluded. METHODS: Charts of 54 healthy volunteers who had salivary gland biopsies at the National Institutes of Health from January 1992 to August 1998 ...
Hübner Ulrich - - 2002
In neonates, infants, children and adolescents serum concentrations of the thyroid hormones show a clear age dependency. Currently, age-dependent thyroid hormone reference ranges for the new ADVIA Centaur immunoanalyzer are not available. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), total thyroxine (T4), free triiodothyronine (FT3) and total triiodothyronine (T3) were determined ...
Streckfus Charles - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: How aging influences the secretion of saliva is not entirely clear. Postmortem studies have demonstrated that, with age, the parenchyma of the salivary glands is gradually replaced by fat, connective tissue, and oncocytes. However, functional studies among healthy individuals indicate that aging per se does not lead to a ...
Leonard William R - - 2002
This article examines evidence for elevations in basal metabolic rate (BMR) among indigenous Northern (circumpolar) populations and considers potential mechanisms and the adaptive basis for such elevations. Data on BMR among indigenous (n = 109 males; 122 females) and nonindigenous (n = 15 males; 22 females) circumpolar groups of North ...
Heinisch Martin - - 2002
The objective of this epidemiologic study was to determine the volume of the thyroid gland as well as urinary iodine excretion in dependence on age and gender in a population from an area of low natural iodine supply now receiving iodine prophylaxis. In 430 persons from three communities in the ...
Orita Yorihisa - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To delineate a possible difference in the function of the eustachian tube (ET) between infants and adults. STUDY DESIGN: Morphometric and histopathological examination on the human temporal bones. METHODS: The secretory glands in the ET were studied in serial histological sections through the cartilaginous portion of the human ET ...
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