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Jarau Stefan - - 2006
Foragers of many species of stingless bees guide their nestmates to food sources by means of scent trails deposited on solid substrates between the food and the nest. The corresponding trail pheromones are generally believed to be produced in the mandibular glands, although definitive experimental proof has never been provided. ...
Calvo Eric - - 2006
Adult mosquitoes feed on sugary meals to obtain energy for flight and other activities, while anautogenous females take a blood meal to develop eggs. Accordingly, female but not male salivary glands possess several antihemostatic components to facilitate acquisition of blood, while both sexes have activities related to digestion of the ...
Manuchehri Alireza M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: B-type natriuretic peptides and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptides (NT-proBNP) have been suggested as being useful for the diagnosis of congestive heart failure. We have shown previously that changes in thyroid function are associated with changes in concentrations of other low molecular weight molecules. Therefore, the aim of this study ...
Wossler Theresa C - - 2006
The mandibular gland secretions of Apis mellifera capensis virgin queens were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. Changes in the patterns of the mandibular gland volatiles of A. m. capensis virgin queens were followed from emergence until 14-d old. Ontogenetic changes in the mandibular gland secretions were largely quantitative in nature, ...
Firat Fatih - - 2006
AIM: To assess the effect of gender and age on [99mTc]pertechnetate salivary gland scintigraphy (SGS) in healthy subjects. METHODS: The study population consisted of 93 normal subjects (46 women, 47 men; age range 20-59 years). The subjects were categorized into eight (four female and four male) subgroups according to age ...
Jones J H - - 2006
To assess the Scottish newborn screening programme for congenital hypothyroidism from 1994 to 2003 (period 2) for performance and compare with an initial audit covering 1979 to 1993 (period 1). Performance data-age at blood spot sampling, notification by screening laboratory, start of treatment, and the prevalence of late testing, notification ...
Poppe K - - 2006
CONTEXT: Data on the prevalence of thyroid disorders in male subfertility remain scarce. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction and thyroid autoimmunity in men with normal and abnormal semen characteristics. SETTING: Tertiary referral center for reproductive medicine of the University Hospital AZ-VUB, Brussels, Belgium. PATIENTS AND DESIGN: Two ...
Alcântara Marta Regina Silva - - 2006
GH influences thyroid function and anatomy. Although goiter is frequent in acromegalic patients, the effects of GH deficiency (GHD) are difficult to assess, because hypopituitaric subjects who lack GH often also have a partial or complete deficit of TSH. We studied thyroid morphology and serum levels of thyroid hormones in ...
Alqahatani M - - 2006
This study aims to establish reference ranges for thyroid tests in young Saudi adults using the Centaur immunoassay method. Physical examination is performed and thyroid function tests include thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4) and free triiodothyronine (FT3). These are performed on 291 young Saudi adults (182 [63%] females ...
de Groot Jan Willem - - 2006
MTC is a rare neuroendocrine thyroid tumour accounting for 3% to 10% of all thyroid malignancies. It can occur in a sporadic and a hereditary clinical setting. Hereditary MTC may either occur alone (familial MTC, FMTC) or as part of multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2A, or MEN 2B. These ...
Daneshpazhooh Maryam - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is an acquired depigmenting disorder due to destruction of melanocytes. Although many theories have been suggested for its pathogenesis, the role of autoimmunity is the most popular one. The association of vitiligo with autoimmune thyroid diseases and the increased prevalence of autoantibodies including thyroid autoantibodies in vitiligo favor ...
Wu Tiejian - - 2006
Thyroid hormone plays a crucial role in the growth and function of the central nervous system. The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships between the status of subclinical thyroid conditions and cognition among adolescents in the United States. Study sample included 1,327 adolescents 13 to 16 years ...
Lee Dong-Hee - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to establish a "normal" range of dimensions of the thyroid gland on routine neck computed tomography in the Korean population and to investigate the possible influence of some physiological factors on the thyroid dimension. Neck computed tomography scans of 100 adults (57 males, 43 ...
Fujikawa Shinji - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To clarify the pathology of the development of prostatic disorders such as inflammation, cancer, and hyperplasia, we compared histopathological findings of the prostate according to age group. METHODS: Whole-mount sections of prostates were used to assess the relationship between age and prostate weight (n=962), prostate histological composition in the ...
Zatta Paolo - - 2006
Aging is characterized, among other features, by an increased concentration of metal ions in the brain that may contribute to a greater increase in free radicals production. The present paper reports data regarding the concentration of some relevant metal ions (Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn), as well as the immunopositivity of ...
Meunier N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes baseline data on basal metabolic rate (BMR), thyroid hormone levels and body composition of middle-aged and older people participating in the ZENITH project and the correlation of thyroid hormone levels with zinc status. DESIGN: A multicentre prospective intervention study employing a randomised double blind design. SETTING: ...
Gologan Adrian - - 2005
Alpha-methyl CoA racemase (AMACR) is overexpressed in several human cancers, most notably colon and prostate. AMACR expression in the prostate has been investigated primarily in patients, in an older age group, treated for prostatic carcinoma and benign prostatic hypertrophy. No studies have assessed the age distribution of AMACR expression in ...
Hoogendoorn Elizabeth H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We present a large European population-based study of thyroid function, performed in a population with longstanding borderline sufficient iodine intake. METHODS: The Nijmegen Biomedical Study is a population-based survey conducted in the eastern part of The Netherlands. Randomly selected inhabitants received a postal questionnaire on lifestyle and medical history, ...
Ishikawa Takaki - - 2006
Clusterin is a glycoprotein known to play various physiological roles including complement activity, amyloid binding activity in Alzheimer disease, as well as binding with heat shock proteins and abnormal prions. The present study immunohistochemically investigated the expression of clusterin in the human pituitary gland in subjects of 10-88 years of ...
Moulin de Moraes Cristiane M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There are many studies concerning thyroid function in obesity, and some of them describe higher TSH levels in obese subjects. Few studies evaluated long-term changes in thyroid function caused by weight loss after bariatric surgery. Our aims were to evaluate the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) in a morbidly ...
Nagler Rafael M - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to examine the salivary flow rate and composition in relation to drug consumption and idiopathic oral sensorial complaints (OSC). OSC cover xerostomia, disturbed sense of taste, or burning mouth sensitivity with no established classical etiology (e.g., Sjogren's syndrome, or a ...
Ozer Tülay - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the hemodynamic status of the thyroid in children with goiter after the use of iodinated dietary salt for 3 years in a region of endemic iodine deficiency. METHODS: Sixty-six children between 7 and 12 years of age were included in the ...
Livadas S - - 2005
Thyroid dysfunction, especially hypothyroidism caused by Hashimoto's thyroiditis is more frequently observed in girls with Turner's syndrome (TS). The aim of the present study was to evaluate prevalence, etiology, karyotype distribution and age at onset of thyroid pathology in girls with TS. Data recorded in 84 girls with TS attending ...
Dhatt Gurdeep Singh - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Considerable differences in reference intervals for FT4 and TSH have been reported between countries. Method related differences in the distribution of free thyroxine (FT4) have also been reported. The aim of this study was to establish reference intervals for thyrotrophin (TSH) and FT4 in an ambulatory adult (16-75 y) ...
Li Jun - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of a solitary megadose protocol of ionizing radiation (IR) on the structure and function of the miniature pig (minipig) parotid gland. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fourteen minipigs were subjected to either 15 or 20 Gy to one parotid gland with a linear accelerator, whereas another four ...
Lin Jen-Der - - 2005
Thyroid nodule is common disorder in endocrine clinics. In Taiwan, thyroid ultrasonography with fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is the first-line examination procedure. Data in large series on the incidence of thyroid malignancy presenting with thyroid nodules are lacking in this area. To determine the incidence of malignancy in thyroid nodules ...
Kratzsch Juergen - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of our present study was to establish new reference intervals for thyrotropin (TSH) and thyroid hormones based on National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry (NACB) criteria and regular thyroid ultrasonography. We also assessed the effect of potentially confounding factors to modulate the limits of these intervals. METHODS: We ...
Esen Ali Metin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Essential hyperhidrosis, a disorder of the eccrine sweat glands, is associated with sympathetic overactivity and the aim of the present study was to determine endothelium-dependent vasodilator function in patients with this condition. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using high-resolution ultrasound, the diameter of the brachial artery at rest and during reactive ...
Ríos José David - - 2005
Several studies investigated the effect of aging on rat and human lacrimal gland physiology. However, in most of these studies, only two age groups were investigated. Furthermore, those studies did not correlate the age-related histological changes that occur in the lacrimal gland to the functional changes (nerve activity and protein ...
Feart C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Inadequate retinoid status has often been described as occurring with aging. Moreover, subclinical hypothyroid status has also been evoked in the elderly. Several studies performed in animals have described the crucial incidence of age-related hypo-functioning of retinoid and thyroid signalling pathways, particularly in the brain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of ...
Kovács Gábor L - - 2005
The prevalence of thyroid microcarcinomas found at autopsies is 100-1000 times higher than in clinical cancer. The epidemiological and histological characteristics of thyroid microcarcinomas in consecutive series of autopsies performed in two areas of different iodine intake were investigated. Iodine deficient (ID) area: n = 222 (M = 109, F ...
Azevedo Luciana Reis - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To analyse age- and gender-related microscopic changes in sublingual glands obtained from human cadavers. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred eighty six human sublingual glands were obtained from 93 autopsies. Approximately five individuals of each gender per decade of life were allocated to three age groups: group I (0-30 years, n=26); ...
Morganti S - - 2005
Thyroid diseases are more prevalent in females. This notion is mostly derived from studies conducted in adult subjects, but the knowledge of the relationship between sex and thyroid disease is becoming important for the epidemiological study of aging population. Aging has been proposed to represent a trigger for the development ...
Akarsu Ersin - - 2005
It is believed that total goiter prevalence in Turkey is as high as 30.5%. The iodine deficiency is the distinct etiologic factor in the development of goiter. The aim of this study was to determine goiter prevalence and iodine deficiency in adults living in Erzurum (1659 m above sea level) ...
Lomonte Carlo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: An association between female gender and more aggressive patterns of secondary hyper-parathyroidism (sHPTH) has been suggested: an increased incidence of refractory sHPTH seems evident in females; therefore, necessitating parathyroidectomy (PTx). METHODS: This study aimed to verify the existence of such an association and secondly to evaluate the impact of ...
Azizi F - - 2005
The occurrence of iodine-induced hyperthyroidism (IIH) has been reported after iodine supplementation from clinics and hospitals, but not following an epidemiologic survey. We studied the prevalence of thyroid derangement in a population following iodine supplementation. One yr after more than 75% of the population had been consuming 40 ppm iodized ...
Mager D L - - 2005
The purpose of the present investigation was to determine if the salivary counts of 40 common oral bacteria in subjects with an oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) lesion would differ from those found in cancer-free (OSCC-free) controls. Unstimulated saliva samples were collected from 229 OSCC-free and 45 OSCC subjects and ...
Morita E - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to survey the prevalence of streptococcal species, especially Streptococcus anginosus (which has been reported to be associated with cancer in the upper digestive tract), Streptococcus constellatus, and Streptococcus intermedius in the saliva of different age groups. A sequence analysis of 16S rDNA was performed ...
Ng Edmond - - 2004
This study was undertaken to determine the accuracy and reliability of volume measurements using 3-D ultrasound (US). Variation of thyroid gland volume with age in asymptomatic Chinese men was also investigated. Volumetric measurements of the phantoms and thyroid glands were performed with a commercially available US machine in conjunction with ...
Socha Radomír - - 2004
The study showed that the amounts of the total proteins and 53 kDa protein in male accessory glands (AGs) of the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus (L.) increased with age of the adult life. The 53 kDa protein, the most abundant polypeptide detected in the secretion of the AGs, and some other ...
Maravall F J - - 2004
Our aim was to assess reference values of thyroid volume by ultrasonography in healthy adult subjects. We conducted an epidemiological cross-sectional study where 880 subjects were randomly selected from the town census of L'Hospitalet de Llobregat after being invited to participate in our study directly by mail and phone call. ...
Rais-Bahrami Khodayar - - 2004
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic tubing soft and flexible. Animal data show that adverse effects of DEHP exposure may include reduced fertility, reduced sperm production in males, and ovarian dysfunction in females. Known treatments that involve high DEHP exposures are blood exchange transfusions, extracorporeal ...
Cikim Ayse S - - 2004
Subclinical hypothyroidism and subclinical hyperthyroidism are two frequently occurring conditions for which exact therapeutic approaches have not yet been established. The aim of this study was to compare the endothelial function and carotid artery intimae-media thickness (IMT) of these two groups of patients to euthyroid subjects and to assess the ...
Utsumi M - - 2004
We qualitatively and quantitatively investigated parathyroid glands of the UM-X7.1 cardiomyopathic hamster at 1, 2, 6 and 12 months of age to compare them with those of the normal hamster. We found that at 1 month of age in the UM-X7.1 hamster, the Golgi apparatus, lipid droplets and secretory granules ...
Goncharova N D - - 2004
Peculiarities of functioning of some parts of the endocrine system (the pineal gland, pancreatic gland, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis) in an aging nonhuman primate model (Papio hamadryas and Macaca mulatta) are described in this article. It has been established that basal activity of some endocrine functions (glucocorticoid, corticotropic, pancreatic, ...
Unachak Kevalee - - 2004
Forty-eight children with primary congenital hypothyroidism, who attended Chiang Mai University Hospital, during 1977-2000, were reviewed. The female to male ratio was 2:1. The age at diagnosis ranged from 1 month to 12 years 4 months, with 27% of the cases diagnosed within the first three months of life, 37.5% ...
Ivanac Gordana - - 2004
According to the published data, endemic goiter was until recently, still present in some regions in Croatia. In this study the thyroid volume in grown-up, student population was measured. It was also analyzed which of the several traditional physiological attributes (body weight, body height, and body surface area (BSA)) were ...
Dawes Colin - - 2004
The objective of this study was to compare unstimulated salivary flow rate and residual salivary volume (the volume of saliva retained in the mouth after swallowing) in a group of 23 control subjects and a group of 25 patients who had received radiation treatment or had undergone removal of the ...
Bonamico Margherita - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test the possibility of detecting tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies (tTG-Abs) in saliva with a novel sensitive fluid-phase radioimmunoassay (RIA). STUDY DESIGN: Paired saliva and serum samples from 39 patients with celiac disease (CD), at the first biopsy (Group 1: 28 females, mean age 11.5 +/- 11.1 years); 32 controls ...
MacMaster Frank P - - 2004
Abnormalities in pituitary function have been described in major depressive disorder (MDD) and may reflect neurodevelopmental abnormalities. We hypothesized alterations in the pituitary in early onset MDD. We measured the volume of the pituitary gland in 17 MDD (mean+/-S.D.=16.67+/-1.83 years; 8M, 9F) patients and 17 age and sex matched healthy ...
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