Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 915
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Zatta Paolo - - 2006
Aging is characterized, among other features, by an increased concentration of metal ions in the brain that may contribute to a greater increase in free radicals production. The present paper reports data regarding the concentration of some relevant metal ions (Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn), as well as the immunopositivity of ...
Meunier N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes baseline data on basal metabolic rate (BMR), thyroid hormone levels and body composition of middle-aged and older people participating in the ZENITH project and the correlation of thyroid hormone levels with zinc status. DESIGN: A multicentre prospective intervention study employing a randomised double blind design. SETTING: ...
Gologan Adrian - - 2005
Alpha-methyl CoA racemase (AMACR) is overexpressed in several human cancers, most notably colon and prostate. AMACR expression in the prostate has been investigated primarily in patients, in an older age group, treated for prostatic carcinoma and benign prostatic hypertrophy. No studies have assessed the age distribution of AMACR expression in ...
Hoogendoorn Elizabeth H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We present a large European population-based study of thyroid function, performed in a population with longstanding borderline sufficient iodine intake. METHODS: The Nijmegen Biomedical Study is a population-based survey conducted in the eastern part of The Netherlands. Randomly selected inhabitants received a postal questionnaire on lifestyle and medical history, ...
Ishikawa Takaki - - 2006
Clusterin is a glycoprotein known to play various physiological roles including complement activity, amyloid binding activity in Alzheimer disease, as well as binding with heat shock proteins and abnormal prions. The present study immunohistochemically investigated the expression of clusterin in the human pituitary gland in subjects of 10-88 years of ...
Moulin de Moraes Cristiane M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There are many studies concerning thyroid function in obesity, and some of them describe higher TSH levels in obese subjects. Few studies evaluated long-term changes in thyroid function caused by weight loss after bariatric surgery. Our aims were to evaluate the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) in a morbidly ...
Nagler Rafael M - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to examine the salivary flow rate and composition in relation to drug consumption and idiopathic oral sensorial complaints (OSC). OSC cover xerostomia, disturbed sense of taste, or burning mouth sensitivity with no established classical etiology (e.g., Sjogren's syndrome, or a ...
Ozer Tülay - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the hemodynamic status of the thyroid in children with goiter after the use of iodinated dietary salt for 3 years in a region of endemic iodine deficiency. METHODS: Sixty-six children between 7 and 12 years of age were included in the ...
Livadas S - - 2005
Thyroid dysfunction, especially hypothyroidism caused by Hashimoto's thyroiditis is more frequently observed in girls with Turner's syndrome (TS). The aim of the present study was to evaluate prevalence, etiology, karyotype distribution and age at onset of thyroid pathology in girls with TS. Data recorded in 84 girls with TS attending ...
Dhatt Gurdeep Singh - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Considerable differences in reference intervals for FT4 and TSH have been reported between countries. Method related differences in the distribution of free thyroxine (FT4) have also been reported. The aim of this study was to establish reference intervals for thyrotrophin (TSH) and FT4 in an ambulatory adult (16-75 y) ...
Li Jun - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of a solitary megadose protocol of ionizing radiation (IR) on the structure and function of the miniature pig (minipig) parotid gland. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fourteen minipigs were subjected to either 15 or 20 Gy to one parotid gland with a linear accelerator, whereas another four ...
Lin Jen-Der - - 2005
Thyroid nodule is common disorder in endocrine clinics. In Taiwan, thyroid ultrasonography with fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is the first-line examination procedure. Data in large series on the incidence of thyroid malignancy presenting with thyroid nodules are lacking in this area. To determine the incidence of malignancy in thyroid nodules ...
Kratzsch Juergen - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of our present study was to establish new reference intervals for thyrotropin (TSH) and thyroid hormones based on National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry (NACB) criteria and regular thyroid ultrasonography. We also assessed the effect of potentially confounding factors to modulate the limits of these intervals. METHODS: We ...
Esen Ali Metin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Essential hyperhidrosis, a disorder of the eccrine sweat glands, is associated with sympathetic overactivity and the aim of the present study was to determine endothelium-dependent vasodilator function in patients with this condition. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using high-resolution ultrasound, the diameter of the brachial artery at rest and during reactive ...
Ríos José David - - 2005
Several studies investigated the effect of aging on rat and human lacrimal gland physiology. However, in most of these studies, only two age groups were investigated. Furthermore, those studies did not correlate the age-related histological changes that occur in the lacrimal gland to the functional changes (nerve activity and protein ...
Feart C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Inadequate retinoid status has often been described as occurring with aging. Moreover, subclinical hypothyroid status has also been evoked in the elderly. Several studies performed in animals have described the crucial incidence of age-related hypo-functioning of retinoid and thyroid signalling pathways, particularly in the brain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of ...
Kovács Gábor L - - 2005
The prevalence of thyroid microcarcinomas found at autopsies is 100-1000 times higher than in clinical cancer. The epidemiological and histological characteristics of thyroid microcarcinomas in consecutive series of autopsies performed in two areas of different iodine intake were investigated. Iodine deficient (ID) area: n = 222 (M = 109, F ...
Azevedo Luciana Reis - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To analyse age- and gender-related microscopic changes in sublingual glands obtained from human cadavers. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred eighty six human sublingual glands were obtained from 93 autopsies. Approximately five individuals of each gender per decade of life were allocated to three age groups: group I (0-30 years, n=26); ...
Morganti S - - 2005
Thyroid diseases are more prevalent in females. This notion is mostly derived from studies conducted in adult subjects, but the knowledge of the relationship between sex and thyroid disease is becoming important for the epidemiological study of aging population. Aging has been proposed to represent a trigger for the development ...
Akarsu Ersin - - 2005
It is believed that total goiter prevalence in Turkey is as high as 30.5%. The iodine deficiency is the distinct etiologic factor in the development of goiter. The aim of this study was to determine goiter prevalence and iodine deficiency in adults living in Erzurum (1659 m above sea level) ...
Lomonte Carlo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: An association between female gender and more aggressive patterns of secondary hyper-parathyroidism (sHPTH) has been suggested: an increased incidence of refractory sHPTH seems evident in females; therefore, necessitating parathyroidectomy (PTx). METHODS: This study aimed to verify the existence of such an association and secondly to evaluate the impact of ...
Azizi F - - 2005
The occurrence of iodine-induced hyperthyroidism (IIH) has been reported after iodine supplementation from clinics and hospitals, but not following an epidemiologic survey. We studied the prevalence of thyroid derangement in a population following iodine supplementation. One yr after more than 75% of the population had been consuming 40 ppm iodized ...
Mager D L - - 2005
The purpose of the present investigation was to determine if the salivary counts of 40 common oral bacteria in subjects with an oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) lesion would differ from those found in cancer-free (OSCC-free) controls. Unstimulated saliva samples were collected from 229 OSCC-free and 45 OSCC subjects and ...
Morita E - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to survey the prevalence of streptococcal species, especially Streptococcus anginosus (which has been reported to be associated with cancer in the upper digestive tract), Streptococcus constellatus, and Streptococcus intermedius in the saliva of different age groups. A sequence analysis of 16S rDNA was performed ...
Ng Edmond - - 2004
This study was undertaken to determine the accuracy and reliability of volume measurements using 3-D ultrasound (US). Variation of thyroid gland volume with age in asymptomatic Chinese men was also investigated. Volumetric measurements of the phantoms and thyroid glands were performed with a commercially available US machine in conjunction with ...
Socha Radomír - - 2004
The study showed that the amounts of the total proteins and 53 kDa protein in male accessory glands (AGs) of the firebug Pyrrhocoris apterus (L.) increased with age of the adult life. The 53 kDa protein, the most abundant polypeptide detected in the secretion of the AGs, and some other ...
Maravall F J - - 2004
Our aim was to assess reference values of thyroid volume by ultrasonography in healthy adult subjects. We conducted an epidemiological cross-sectional study where 880 subjects were randomly selected from the town census of L'Hospitalet de Llobregat after being invited to participate in our study directly by mail and phone call. ...
Rais-Bahrami Khodayar - - 2004
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic tubing soft and flexible. Animal data show that adverse effects of DEHP exposure may include reduced fertility, reduced sperm production in males, and ovarian dysfunction in females. Known treatments that involve high DEHP exposures are blood exchange transfusions, extracorporeal ...
Cikim Ayse S - - 2004
Subclinical hypothyroidism and subclinical hyperthyroidism are two frequently occurring conditions for which exact therapeutic approaches have not yet been established. The aim of this study was to compare the endothelial function and carotid artery intimae-media thickness (IMT) of these two groups of patients to euthyroid subjects and to assess the ...
Utsumi M - - 2004
We qualitatively and quantitatively investigated parathyroid glands of the UM-X7.1 cardiomyopathic hamster at 1, 2, 6 and 12 months of age to compare them with those of the normal hamster. We found that at 1 month of age in the UM-X7.1 hamster, the Golgi apparatus, lipid droplets and secretory granules ...
Goncharova N D - - 2004
Peculiarities of functioning of some parts of the endocrine system (the pineal gland, pancreatic gland, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis) in an aging nonhuman primate model (Papio hamadryas and Macaca mulatta) are described in this article. It has been established that basal activity of some endocrine functions (glucocorticoid, corticotropic, pancreatic, ...
Unachak Kevalee - - 2004
Forty-eight children with primary congenital hypothyroidism, who attended Chiang Mai University Hospital, during 1977-2000, were reviewed. The female to male ratio was 2:1. The age at diagnosis ranged from 1 month to 12 years 4 months, with 27% of the cases diagnosed within the first three months of life, 37.5% ...
Ivanac Gordana - - 2004
According to the published data, endemic goiter was until recently, still present in some regions in Croatia. In this study the thyroid volume in grown-up, student population was measured. It was also analyzed which of the several traditional physiological attributes (body weight, body height, and body surface area (BSA)) were ...
Dawes Colin - - 2004
The objective of this study was to compare unstimulated salivary flow rate and residual salivary volume (the volume of saliva retained in the mouth after swallowing) in a group of 23 control subjects and a group of 25 patients who had received radiation treatment or had undergone removal of the ...
Bonamico Margherita - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test the possibility of detecting tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies (tTG-Abs) in saliva with a novel sensitive fluid-phase radioimmunoassay (RIA). STUDY DESIGN: Paired saliva and serum samples from 39 patients with celiac disease (CD), at the first biopsy (Group 1: 28 females, mean age 11.5 +/- 11.1 years); 32 controls ...
MacMaster Frank P - - 2004
Abnormalities in pituitary function have been described in major depressive disorder (MDD) and may reflect neurodevelopmental abnormalities. We hypothesized alterations in the pituitary in early onset MDD. We measured the volume of the pituitary gland in 17 MDD (mean+/-S.D.=16.67+/-1.83 years; 8M, 9F) patients and 17 age and sex matched healthy ...
Bourdiol P - - 2004
Age, health status and disease treatments are thought to influence salivary flow. In this study, age effect on salivation was compared in non-feeding (at rest and during parafilm chewing) and feeding (during meat chewing) conditions for two groups of healthy subjects, 25 young subjects (mean age 27.4 years) and 20 ...
Gomez Segovia I - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to investigate the current thyroid carcinoma (TC) incidence in Carinthia, a former iodine-deficient, goiter-endemic region in Austria with approximately 550,000 inhabitants from 1984 to 2001. Using age-cohort analysis we analyzed the TC incidence under the impact of two regional risk factors: the contamination ...
Djemli Anissa - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Paediatric reference values, although essential for interpreting patients' results, are scarce. Moreover, they are often population- and instrument-dependent. We have measured free thyroxine (Free T(4)), total triiodothyronine (Total T(3)), thyroglobulin (Tg) and thyrotropin (TSH) in samples obtained from groups of newborns, children and adolescents. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Blood samples ...
Benbassat Carlos - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Iodine intake is necessary to maintain normal thyroid function and prevent iodine deficiency disorders. In 1990, a resolution calling for universal salt iodination to eliminate iodine deficiency worldwide was taken by the World Health Organization and endorsed by some 130 countries. As of today, very little is known about ...
Gauchard Gérome C - - 2004
Neonatal screening programmes allow early treatment to limit the consequences of congenital hypothyroidism on maturation of the central nervous system, and on psychomotor and educational outcome. Consequences of age at thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) normalization on postural control were evaluated in 17 children with congenital hypothyroidism (14 females, three males; ...
Sandilands Victoria - - 2004
The effects of age and external factors on preen gland morphology and feather lipid concentrations in layer fowl (Gallus domesticus) have not previously been described. This work examines how floor substrate, whether a bird is feather pecked or not, and age influence both gross and histological morphology. Furthermore, the effects ...
Gruñeiro-Papendieck Laura - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Current WHO guidelines consider that under adequate iodine intake <3% of newborns should have neonatal TSH levels of >5 mU/l blood when screening is performed in cord blood or at 3 days to 3 weeks of age. OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether this absolute criterion when applied to newborns older ...
Chen Hua Hsuan - - 2004
The volume of the pituitary gland in adults with bipolar disorder has previously been reported to be smaller than that of healthy controls. Such abnormalities would be consistent with the HPA dysfunction reported in this illness. We conducted a study of children and adolescents with bipolar disorder to determine whether ...
Rosivack R Glenn - - 2004
PURPOSE: This study compared age related changes in submandibular/sublingual salivary flow rates in children and adolescents. METHODS: Twenty-nine children between the ages of 5 and 14 years were evaluated. A group of adults ages 18 to 39 years were also evaluated. No subject was taking medication which could have affected ...
Ng S M - - 2004
AIMS: To determine the factors which influence the suppression of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in infants with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) following treatment. METHODS: We examined retrospectively the patterns of thyroid function tests from diagnosis to 3 years of age in 140 infants diagnosed with CH from screening. Patients were classified into ...
Niepomniszcze Hugo - - 2004
The Hospital de Clínicas organized a free program of goiter detection by palpation. This campaign was aimed at the population of the metropolitan area of Greater Buenos Aires (11 million inhabitants), with the prerequisite that each participant should be quite unaware whether he/she was a carrier of any thyroid disease. ...
Nagler R M - - 2004
Xerostomia is a major complaint of many elderly individuals, and although they seek medical help, it usually provides no adequate relief. This complaint is considered a major clinical problem, since not less than 25% to 50%-60% of the population over the age of 65 complain of xerostomia. By definition, Xerostomia ...
Díez J J - - 2003
Thyroid dysfunction affects a considerable portion of the elder population. The aim of the present study has been to assess the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in adult healthy subjects over age 60 years from our population. We performed a descriptive, cross-sectional study in the setting of a sanitary area in ...
Marwaha R K - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was done to assess goitre prevalence, thyroid functional status and cause of residual goitre among school children in the postsalt iodization phase in India. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in which, 14762 school children in the age group of 6-18 years, from different States and Union territories of ...
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