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Jones J H - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The optimal dose of thyroxine (T4) in congenital hypothyroidism (CH) during infancy is controversial. Higher doses lead to improvement in cognitive scores, but have been linked to later behavioural difficulties. We have examined the effects of initial T4 dosage on somatic growth--a putative surrogate marker of overtreatment. ...
Ikram Muhammad Faisal - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To establish measurements of selected pituitary parameters in cases with normal pituitary gland in < or = 30 year old selected samples from Karachi. METHODS: A total of 220 subjects of < or = 30 years of age with normal pituitary morphology were evaluated by using T2 weighted Magnetic ...
Arita Reiko - - 2008
PURPOSE: To examine the morphologic changes in meibomian glands associated with aging and gender using a novel meibography system and to assess their relation with slit-lamp findings regarding eyelid and tear film function in a normal population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observation case series. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred thirty-six healthy volunteers (114 men, ...
Narongchai Paitoon - - 2008
The normal adult internal organ weight and the relationship between it with body weight (BW) and body height (BH) have not been studied in Thailand. The 499 corpses of autopsy were performed in Maharajnakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, the center of the northern part of Thailand during 2000-2005. All of these ...
Kratzsch J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of our study was to establish reference intervals for thyroid function tests in children and adolescents and to identify factors that may influence the limits of these intervals. METHODS: TSH, FT3, FT4, T3, T4, t-uptake, TPO-antibody (TPO-Ab) and TG-antibody (TG-Ab) levels were determined in blood of 1004 ...
Agate Laura - - 2008
CONTEXT: An increase in the prevalence of thyroid autoantibodies (ATAs) was reported 6-8 yr after the Chernobyl accident in radiation-exposed children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to reassess the effects of childhood radiation exposure on ATAs and thyroid function 13-15 yr after the accident. DESIGN AND SETTING: We measured ...
Custodio Ana Maria G - - 2008
Different from the classic view, the prostate is not a gland exclusive to the male, also being an organ of the female genital system presenting morphofunctional similarity between human and rodent. Thus structural, ultrastructural, morphometric-stereological features of the female prostate (Skene's paraurethral gland) and steroid serological levels were evaluated during ...
Markou Kostas B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency (ID) is still a major universal health problem. Iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) affect people of all ages, among whom the most vulnerable are children and adolescents. The aim of the present study was to assess the long-term effects on growth and pubertal development of correcting severe ID ...
Wasniewska M - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to retrospectively re-evaluate a population of selected infants with congenital hypothyroidism (CH), in order to investigate whether sexual dimorphism affects: a) CH etiology; b) its biochemical severity at the time of screening and recall; c) patients' biochemical response to replacement treatment during the ...
Jing Xin - - 2008
The study was aimed to investigate the impact of using standard criteria for assessing specimen adequacy and diagnostic terminology (CAST) on fine-needle aspiration (FNA) diagnosis and clinical management of thyroid nodules. The study included similar numbers of FNAs performed in 2 year before (group A) and 1.5 year after (group ...
Sonesson M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to investigate the relative amount of MUC5B and MUC7 in minor salivary glands in children and adults, in order to test the hypothesis that secretion of salivary mucins changes between childhood and adulthood. METHODS: Ninety individuals in the age-groups 3-year-olds, 14-year-olds, and young adults 20-25 ...
MacMaster Frank P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined pituitary gland size in mood disorders, particularly in adolescents. We hypothesized increase in the pituitary gland size in early-onset mood disorders. METHODS: Thirty subjects between the ages of 13 and 20 years participated in the study. Three groups (control, bipolar I depression and unipolar depression) ...
Figueroa Brunilda - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a serious public health problem, and the increasing prevalence of overweight status in the population is a major concern worldwide. Fifty eight percent of the Hispanic population of Puerto Rico is obese, but no data are available regarding thyroid status and body mass index (BMI) in this ...
Dominguez Ligia J - - 2008
Thyroid disorders occur at any age, but hypothyroidism is more common in older than in younger adults. In fact, the prevalence of thyroid disorders increases with age, and it is higher in old-old frail residents in nursing homes. Since thyroid diseases in older age, both overt reduced and increased function, ...
Mikosch Peter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormone administration is associated with low bone density in some studies. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence L-thyroxine, in doses used to treat patients with a history of thyroid carcinoma, on serum cathepsin K and other markers of bone metabolism. Cathepsin K is ...
FurgaƂ-Borzych Alicja - - 2008
Pituitary necrosis is mostly a result of pituitary haemorrhage or infarct. The frequency of pituitary necrosis in the Polish population has not yet been investigated. Hence, the aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of pituitary necrotic lesions in forensic autopsy material and to assess possible correlations of ...
Jorkjend Lars - - 2008
The aim of this study was to analyze resting whole saliva (RWS) and stimulated whole saliva (SWS) flow rates before and after administration of Pilocarpine in secondary Sjögren's Syndrome patients. Fifty-one patients (49 women, 2 men, mean age 61 years, range 38-85), all with a resting saliva < or =0.1 ...
Bakiner O - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Increased QT interval dispersion (QTd) is an electrocardiographic parameter shown to be associated with malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death, and QT dispersion corrected for heart rate (QTc) has emerged as a potentially important predictor of cardiac death. Increased QTd has been detected to be directly related to thyroid-stimulating ...
Sevón Liisi - - 2008
As relatively little is known about the effect of age on salivary electrolytes we studied the composition of saliva as function of age to provide reference values for healthy non-smoking women. All non-medicated and non-smoking 30-59-year-old subjects (n=255) selected from among 1030 women participating in a screening program formed the ...
Clark L S - - 2008
The morphology and histology of the cetacean adrenal gland are poorly understood. Therefore, this study examined 32 pairs of adrenal glands from 18 pan-tropical spotted dolphins (Stenella attenuata) and 14 spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris). In both species, the cortex was pseudolobulated and contained a typical mammalian zonation. Medullary protrusions (0-3 ...
Henkin Robert I - - 2007
Among the chemical moieties present in human parotid saliva, some, such as gustin or carbonic anhydrase VI, have been useful to distinguish patients with taste and smell dysfunction from normal subjects. To continue these studies we compared levels of salivary cAMP and cGMP in patients with taste and smell dysfunction ...
Portman Olivia - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine the normal pituitary gland in male subjects with ultrashort echo time (TE) pulse sequences, describe its appearance and measure its signal intensity before and after contrast enhancement. METHODS: Eleven male volunteers (mean age 57.1 years; range 36-81 years) were examined with ...
Psoter Walter J - - 2008
While protein-energy malnutrition may have multiple effects on oral tissues and subsequent disease development, reports of the effect of malnutrition on the human salivary glands are sparse. A retrospective cohort study of the effect of early childhood protein-energy malnutrition (EC-PEM) and adolescent nutritional status on salivary flow and pH was ...
Mariotti Stefano - - 2007
Overt hypothyroidism (OH) and subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) are frequently found in the elderly. OH is associated with several functional cardiovascular abnormalities and increased risk of atherosclerosis resulting from hypertension associated to atherogenic lipid profile. Other potential atherogenic factors involved in OH are increased circulating C-reactive protein and homocysteine, increased arterial ...
de Oliveira Otavio A L - - 2007
Neotropical swarm-founding wasps, the Epiponini, are an outstanding group of social insects whose societies are polygynic and complex nest builders. Caste dimorphism in these wasps ranges from incipient to highly distinct. Morphometric analyses of nine body parts, ovarian status, relative age and development of the 5th gastral sternite gland (Richards' ...
Surks Martin I - - 2007
CONTEXT: Measurements from all age groups defined the upper limit of the TSH reference range in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III. The TSH median, 97.5 centile and prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH), normal serum T(4) and TSH greater than 4.5 mIU/liter, increased progressively with age. Age-adjusted reference ranges ...
Sobotník Jan - - 2008
The cephalic region of the labial gland in the buff-tailed bumblebee, Bombus terrestris, consists of numerous acini (formed by associated secretory cells and a central lumen) and connecting ducts. Age-dependent changes in secretion production (both qualitative and quantitative) are associated with changes in the amount of rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), ...
Spencer C A - - 2007
CONTEXT: The setting of the TSH upper reference limit impacts the diagnosis of mild hypothyroidism and is currently controversial. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate factors influencing the TSH reference range. DESIGN: Nonpregnant subjects aged 12 yr and older from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III were used to ...
Macedo T A A - - 2007
The aim of this study was to describe normal Doppler parameter values in the thyroid arteries in an iodine-replete region. 165 individuals were randomly selected in a community located in the south-east of Brazil. We obtained a clinical history on each subject and determined serum thyrotropin, antiperoxidase antibodies, thyrotropin receptor ...
Mantovani Rafael Machado - - 2007
Studies show great variation in prevalence of anti-thyroid antibodies in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). There still is no consensus regarding screening of autoimmune thyroiditis in patients with DM1, especially in asymptomatic patients. AIM: To investigate the natural history and prevalence of autoimmune thyroiditis in pediatric patients with ...
Turan Serap - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the effect of the mode of delivery and the type of anesthesia on postnatal thyroxine (T4), free T4 (f-T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in a large number of healthy full-term neonates. METHODS: Serum samples for T4, TSH and f-T4 were drawn from neonates at the ...
Langer Pavel - - 2007
We examined 2,046 adults (834 males and 1,212 females aged 20-75 years) from polluted district in East Slovakia (POLL) and two neighboring upstream and upwind located districts of background pollution (BCGR). By ultrasound we estimated the thyroid volume (ThV), hypoechogenicity (HYE), nodules and cysts. Serum levels of thyrotropin (TSH), thyroperoxidase ...
Giusti Massimo - - 2007
Overt hyperthyroidism is associated with changes in bone metabolism, whereas the effect of levothyroxine (L-T4) load in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) is controversial. The aim of our study was to evaluate osteoprotegerin (OPG) and soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANK-L) in patients with DTC with ...
Stephen Antonia E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate why some patients with single parathyroid adenomas have negative preoperative sestamibi scans. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Twenty-one patients with false-negative (FN) scans were compared with 22 patients with true-positive (TP) scans. All patients had single parathyroid adenomas. INTERVENTIONS: Neck exploration and removal of ...
Sarinnapakorn Veerasak - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Find normal values of proptosis in Thai population and study proptosis in Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Measurement of proptosis was made with Luedde exophthalmometer by one examiner in 277 normal Thai subjects and 591 thyroid patients. RESULTS: The mean proptosis of 168 normal Thai female ...
Below Harald - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyze the influence of nitrate as a possible alimentary goitrogen on thyroid volume in a previously iodine-deficient area. DESIGN: Population based cross-sectional epidemiologic survey. PARTICIPANTS: Data of 3772 participants (20-79 years) of the Study of Health in Pomerania without diagnosed thyroid ...
Yazici Burhan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between thyroid blood flow and anthropometric measurements, pubertal stage, and thyroid and gonadotropic hormones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 123 healthy school-aged children prospectively (69 boys (56.1%) and 54 girls (43.9%), 7-17 years old). Their sex, age, body weight, height, body mass index (BMI), and ...
Danbauchi S S - - 2007
The study was aimed at establishing the existence of sick euthyroid syndrome in our patients with cardiac failure and to find out whether the syndrome in the our patients has a peculiar pattern Thirty subjects diagnosed with cardiac failure in NYHA class 3 and 4 were studied; they had clinical ...
Zussman E - - 2007
Measuring salivary viscoelasticity (by relaxation times) is of paramount importance, since salivary rheology behavior has been associated with the development of oral disease conditions (such as dental caries) in animal and human model studies. In addition, novel and improved methods to evaluate salivary distribution and lubrication are of clinical interest. ...
Takashima Naoyuki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism, defined as high serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels and normal serum free-triiodothyronine (fT3) and serum free-thyroxine (fT4) levels, is a common medical problem among the elderly, but it is unclear whether it should be treated with thyroid hormone replacement therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional study of ...
Roseborrough Aimee - - 2007
The increasingly popular sport of rock climbing is an activity which predisposes participants to overuse injuries. The unique physical demands associated with climbing, as well as a reported 33%-51% incidence of shoulder injuries in these athletes is suggestive of abnormalities in scapulohumeral biomechanics. To examine the glenohumeral to scapulothoracic (GH:ST) ...
Rego-Iraeta A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To identify the current state of iodine nutrition in the adult population of Galicia (Spain), which is considered iodine sufficient based on results from studies carried out on schoolchildren. Urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and its relationship with different socio-demographic variables were assessed. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out ...
Vejbjerg Pernille - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate prospectively the effect of 4 yr of mandatory iodization of salt (13 ppm iodine) on thyroid volume in two regional areas with respectively mild and moderate iodine deficiency. METHODS: Two separate cross-sectional studies were performed before (n=4649) and after (n=3570) the iodization in year 2000 ...
Seal Judy A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in the iodine status of Tasmanians following voluntary fortification of bread with iodine in October 2001. DESIGN AND SETTING: Post-intervention, cross-sectional urinary iodine surveys of Tasmanian schoolchildren aged 8-11 years were used to assess population iodine status. Participants were selected using a one-stage cluster sampling method. ...
Wiechmann Dirk - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the application of thyroid collars (TCs) affects cephalometric landmark identification. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized and observer-blinded diagnostic study with head films taken from 2 groups was undertaken, with 1 group wearing TCs during radiography (n = 100) and 1 group not wearing TCs (n = 100). ...
Sultana S Z - - 2007
To study the histomorphological features of thyroid gland of Bangladeshi people in different age groups, thirty postmortem thyroid glands were collected and fixed in Bouin's fluid. For histological examination specimens were processed and stained following standard procedure and studied under low and high magnifications. Diameter of thyroid follicle and number ...
Lichiardopol Corina - - 2007
Turner syndrome (TS) is characterized by an increased prevalence of hypothyroidism, the main etiology being autoimmunity. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence of hypothyroidism in patients with Turner syndrome, to analyze the correlations with clinical, chromosomal, hormonal and metabolic features and to compare hypothyroid with euthyroid ...
Farahati Jamshid - - 2006
Despite the strong implications of differences between females and males in the risk of goiter, gender-specific issues have not been extensively addressed in investigations of goiter prevalence. The objective of our analysis was to investigate the gender-specific determinants of goiter. Between April 2001 and April 2002. A total of 853 ...
Bastemir Mehmet - - 2006
In the present study we evaluated the effects of iodine intake on the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction, autoimmunity, and goiter in two regions with different iodine status after two years of iodization in Turkey. In total 1733 adolescent subjects were enrolled into the study (993 from an iodine-sufficient area--the Eastern ...
Hillegers Manon H J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies are inconsistent as to whether patients with bipolar disorder are more frequently affected by autoimmune thyroiditis. AIM: To study the prevalence of autoimmune thyroiditis in offspring of bipolar patients. METHOD: In 1998 140 children (age 12-21 years) of bipolar parents were evaluated psychiatrically using the K-SADS-PL and blood ...
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