Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 916
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Mantovani Rafael Machado - - 2007
Studies show great variation in prevalence of anti-thyroid antibodies in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). There still is no consensus regarding screening of autoimmune thyroiditis in patients with DM1, especially in asymptomatic patients. AIM: To investigate the natural history and prevalence of autoimmune thyroiditis in pediatric patients with ...
Turan Serap - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the effect of the mode of delivery and the type of anesthesia on postnatal thyroxine (T4), free T4 (f-T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in a large number of healthy full-term neonates. METHODS: Serum samples for T4, TSH and f-T4 were drawn from neonates at the ...
Langer Pavel - - 2007
We examined 2,046 adults (834 males and 1,212 females aged 20-75 years) from polluted district in East Slovakia (POLL) and two neighboring upstream and upwind located districts of background pollution (BCGR). By ultrasound we estimated the thyroid volume (ThV), hypoechogenicity (HYE), nodules and cysts. Serum levels of thyrotropin (TSH), thyroperoxidase ...
Giusti Massimo - - 2007
Overt hyperthyroidism is associated with changes in bone metabolism, whereas the effect of levothyroxine (L-T4) load in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) is controversial. The aim of our study was to evaluate osteoprotegerin (OPG) and soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANK-L) in patients with DTC with ...
Stephen Antonia E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate why some patients with single parathyroid adenomas have negative preoperative sestamibi scans. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Twenty-one patients with false-negative (FN) scans were compared with 22 patients with true-positive (TP) scans. All patients had single parathyroid adenomas. INTERVENTIONS: Neck exploration and removal of ...
Sarinnapakorn Veerasak - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Find normal values of proptosis in Thai population and study proptosis in Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Measurement of proptosis was made with Luedde exophthalmometer by one examiner in 277 normal Thai subjects and 591 thyroid patients. RESULTS: The mean proptosis of 168 normal Thai female ...
Below Harald - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyze the influence of nitrate as a possible alimentary goitrogen on thyroid volume in a previously iodine-deficient area. DESIGN: Population based cross-sectional epidemiologic survey. PARTICIPANTS: Data of 3772 participants (20-79 years) of the Study of Health in Pomerania without diagnosed thyroid ...
Yazici Burhan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between thyroid blood flow and anthropometric measurements, pubertal stage, and thyroid and gonadotropic hormones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 123 healthy school-aged children prospectively (69 boys (56.1%) and 54 girls (43.9%), 7-17 years old). Their sex, age, body weight, height, body mass index (BMI), and ...
Danbauchi S S - - 2007
The study was aimed at establishing the existence of sick euthyroid syndrome in our patients with cardiac failure and to find out whether the syndrome in the our patients has a peculiar pattern Thirty subjects diagnosed with cardiac failure in NYHA class 3 and 4 were studied; they had clinical ...
Zussman E - - 2007
Measuring salivary viscoelasticity (by relaxation times) is of paramount importance, since salivary rheology behavior has been associated with the development of oral disease conditions (such as dental caries) in animal and human model studies. In addition, novel and improved methods to evaluate salivary distribution and lubrication are of clinical interest. ...
Takashima Naoyuki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism, defined as high serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels and normal serum free-triiodothyronine (fT3) and serum free-thyroxine (fT4) levels, is a common medical problem among the elderly, but it is unclear whether it should be treated with thyroid hormone replacement therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional study of ...
Roseborrough Aimee - - 2007
The increasingly popular sport of rock climbing is an activity which predisposes participants to overuse injuries. The unique physical demands associated with climbing, as well as a reported 33%-51% incidence of shoulder injuries in these athletes is suggestive of abnormalities in scapulohumeral biomechanics. To examine the glenohumeral to scapulothoracic (GH:ST) ...
Rego-Iraeta A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To identify the current state of iodine nutrition in the adult population of Galicia (Spain), which is considered iodine sufficient based on results from studies carried out on schoolchildren. Urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and its relationship with different socio-demographic variables were assessed. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out ...
Vejbjerg Pernille - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate prospectively the effect of 4 yr of mandatory iodization of salt (13 ppm iodine) on thyroid volume in two regional areas with respectively mild and moderate iodine deficiency. METHODS: Two separate cross-sectional studies were performed before (n=4649) and after (n=3570) the iodization in year 2000 ...
Seal Judy A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in the iodine status of Tasmanians following voluntary fortification of bread with iodine in October 2001. DESIGN AND SETTING: Post-intervention, cross-sectional urinary iodine surveys of Tasmanian schoolchildren aged 8-11 years were used to assess population iodine status. Participants were selected using a one-stage cluster sampling method. ...
Wiechmann Dirk - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the application of thyroid collars (TCs) affects cephalometric landmark identification. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized and observer-blinded diagnostic study with head films taken from 2 groups was undertaken, with 1 group wearing TCs during radiography (n = 100) and 1 group not wearing TCs (n = 100). ...
Sultana S Z - - 2007
To study the histomorphological features of thyroid gland of Bangladeshi people in different age groups, thirty postmortem thyroid glands were collected and fixed in Bouin's fluid. For histological examination specimens were processed and stained following standard procedure and studied under low and high magnifications. Diameter of thyroid follicle and number ...
Lichiardopol Corina - - 2007
Turner syndrome (TS) is characterized by an increased prevalence of hypothyroidism, the main etiology being autoimmunity. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence of hypothyroidism in patients with Turner syndrome, to analyze the correlations with clinical, chromosomal, hormonal and metabolic features and to compare hypothyroid with euthyroid ...
Farahati Jamshid - - 2006
Despite the strong implications of differences between females and males in the risk of goiter, gender-specific issues have not been extensively addressed in investigations of goiter prevalence. The objective of our analysis was to investigate the gender-specific determinants of goiter. Between April 2001 and April 2002. A total of 853 ...
Bastemir Mehmet - - 2006
In the present study we evaluated the effects of iodine intake on the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction, autoimmunity, and goiter in two regions with different iodine status after two years of iodization in Turkey. In total 1733 adolescent subjects were enrolled into the study (993 from an iodine-sufficient area--the Eastern ...
Hillegers Manon H J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies are inconsistent as to whether patients with bipolar disorder are more frequently affected by autoimmune thyroiditis. AIM: To study the prevalence of autoimmune thyroiditis in offspring of bipolar patients. METHOD: In 1998 140 children (age 12-21 years) of bipolar parents were evaluated psychiatrically using the K-SADS-PL and blood ...
MacMaster Frank P - - 2007
The pituitary gland plays a central role in sexual development and brain function. Therefore, we examined the effect of age and gender on pituitary volume in a large sample of healthy children and adults. Volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was conducted in one hundred and fifty four (77 males and ...
Radetti Giorgio - - 2007
CONTEXT: Children born prematurely and/or small for gestational age (SGA) frequently show disturbances in thyroid function. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the role played either by size or gestational age on subsequent thyroid function. DESIGN AND SETTING: This cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary referral ...
Yildirim Mustafa - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to investigate sex and handedness differences in the sizes of the right and left thyroid lobes. Subjects were 72 healthy university students (36 female and 36 male), 18 to 23 years of age. Hand preference was assessed using the Edinburgh Handedness Inventory. The ...
Kindler Stefan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The thyroid gland is a potential target organ for radiation-related damage. The aim of this analysis was to investigate the association between occupational exposure to ionizing radiation and the risk of autoimmune thyroid disease as well as thyroid nodules and dysfunction in workers of a former nuclear power station. ...
Dörr Marcus - - 2006
CONTEXT: The linkage of thyroid dysfunction with ventricular repolarization properties has not been investigated extensively, although alterations might be associated with an increased ventricular vulnerability. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate whether there is an association between functional thyroid status and rate-adjusted QT intervals (QTc). DESIGN, SETTING, ...
Zoeller R Thomas - - 2006
Thyroid hormone (TH) is essential for normal brain development; therefore, any environmental chemical that interferes sufficiently with thyroid function, TH metabolism, or TH action may exert adverse effects on brain development. Important known differences in aspects of thyroid endocrinology between the fetus, infant, and adult allow us to identify age-dependent ...
Sullivan Benjamin D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether aging is associated with significant alterations in the polar and neutral lipid profiles in human meibomian gland secretions. METHODS: Meibomian gland secretions were collected from both eyes of younger and older men and women. Samples were processed for high-performance liquid chromatography or mass spectrometry and for ...
Morales-Bozo I - - 2006
Electrophoretic polypeptide profiles of normal human saliva differ markedly between different reports. Since both methodological variations and polymorphism may explain these differences, in this study we aimed to establish whether or not the salivary electrophoretic polypeptide profiles of subjects from a healthy population share discrete molecular features. To this end, ...
Inoue H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A gender difference in the unstimulated whole saliva flow rate (UWSFR) may be due to a difference in the sizes of the salivary glands. In this study, we investigated the relationships among the UWSFR, gland sizes and body sizes of healthy young adult males and females. DESIGN: Unstimulated whole ...
Kotnik P - - 2006
CONTEXT: Slovenian school-age children are, as are more than half of European school-age children, still considered to be iodine deficient. In 1999, supplementation of salt was increased from 10 to 25 mg of KI/kg of salt. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to determine the success of this intervention. ...
Bülow Pedersen Inge - - 2006
CONTEXT: To prevent goiter and nodular hyperthyroidism, iodine fortification (IF) of salt was introduced in Denmark in 1998. We prospectively registered all new cases of overt hyperthyroidism in two areas of Denmark before and for the first 6 yr after iodine fortification. METHODS: We used a computer-based register of all ...
Den Seika - - 2006
PURPOSE: To study changes in the lid margin and meibomian glands and their association with aging, sex, and tear function. METHODS: We examined 354 eyes in 177 subjects (76 men and 101 women; 21-93 years; mean age, 63.0 +/- 14.3 years) with no ocular symptoms or ocular surface disorders. Anatomic ...
Bajracharya B L - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study was done to see the therapeutic effect of the growth of children who was diagnosed as hypothyroidism. METHODS: Thirty-four children with primary hypothyroidism were included in this study. Height, weight and head circumference were measured at initial diagnosis and at every follow up visit. Thyroid function was ...
Moreira Carla Ruffeil - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To quantify morphological age- and gender-related differences in human sublingual glands (SLG). DESIGN: Ninety right human SLG from necropsies were distributed by gender and age groups. Individuals with ages ranging from 7 months to 92 years were divided into Groups I (0-30 years), II (31-60 years) and III (61-92 ...
Dagre Anna G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that hypothyroidism is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to assess non-invasively NO-dependent endothelial function of resistance arteries in subjects with hypothyroidism of varying severity. METHODS: Ninety-six female subjects (aged: 42+/-13 years) comprised the study population. Subjects ...
Pezerović-Panijan Ruzica - - 2006
Whereas lymph vessels in some endocrine glands have been thoroughly investigated, data on these vessels in human parathyroid glands are often contradictory and deficient in available literature. Therefore, the aim of this study was to histomorphologically investigate whether lymph vessels could be found in human parathyroid glands postnatally and, if ...
Jarau Stefan - - 2006
Foragers of many species of stingless bees guide their nestmates to food sources by means of scent trails deposited on solid substrates between the food and the nest. The corresponding trail pheromones are generally believed to be produced in the mandibular glands, although definitive experimental proof has never been provided. ...
Calvo Eric - - 2006
Adult mosquitoes feed on sugary meals to obtain energy for flight and other activities, while anautogenous females take a blood meal to develop eggs. Accordingly, female but not male salivary glands possess several antihemostatic components to facilitate acquisition of blood, while both sexes have activities related to digestion of the ...
Manuchehri Alireza M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: B-type natriuretic peptides and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptides (NT-proBNP) have been suggested as being useful for the diagnosis of congestive heart failure. We have shown previously that changes in thyroid function are associated with changes in concentrations of other low molecular weight molecules. Therefore, the aim of this study ...
Wossler Theresa C - - 2006
The mandibular gland secretions of Apis mellifera capensis virgin queens were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. Changes in the patterns of the mandibular gland volatiles of A. m. capensis virgin queens were followed from emergence until 14-d old. Ontogenetic changes in the mandibular gland secretions were largely quantitative in nature, ...
Firat Fatih - - 2006
AIM: To assess the effect of gender and age on [99mTc]pertechnetate salivary gland scintigraphy (SGS) in healthy subjects. METHODS: The study population consisted of 93 normal subjects (46 women, 47 men; age range 20-59 years). The subjects were categorized into eight (four female and four male) subgroups according to age ...
Jones J H - - 2006
To assess the Scottish newborn screening programme for congenital hypothyroidism from 1994 to 2003 (period 2) for performance and compare with an initial audit covering 1979 to 1993 (period 1). Performance data-age at blood spot sampling, notification by screening laboratory, start of treatment, and the prevalence of late testing, notification ...
Poppe K - - 2006
CONTEXT: Data on the prevalence of thyroid disorders in male subfertility remain scarce. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction and thyroid autoimmunity in men with normal and abnormal semen characteristics. SETTING: Tertiary referral center for reproductive medicine of the University Hospital AZ-VUB, Brussels, Belgium. PATIENTS AND DESIGN: Two ...
Alcântara Marta Regina Silva - - 2006
GH influences thyroid function and anatomy. Although goiter is frequent in acromegalic patients, the effects of GH deficiency (GHD) are difficult to assess, because hypopituitaric subjects who lack GH often also have a partial or complete deficit of TSH. We studied thyroid morphology and serum levels of thyroid hormones in ...
Alqahatani M - - 2006
This study aims to establish reference ranges for thyroid tests in young Saudi adults using the Centaur immunoassay method. Physical examination is performed and thyroid function tests include thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4) and free triiodothyronine (FT3). These are performed on 291 young Saudi adults (182 [63%] females ...
de Groot Jan Willem - - 2006
MTC is a rare neuroendocrine thyroid tumour accounting for 3% to 10% of all thyroid malignancies. It can occur in a sporadic and a hereditary clinical setting. Hereditary MTC may either occur alone (familial MTC, FMTC) or as part of multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2A, or MEN 2B. These ...
Daneshpazhooh Maryam - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is an acquired depigmenting disorder due to destruction of melanocytes. Although many theories have been suggested for its pathogenesis, the role of autoimmunity is the most popular one. The association of vitiligo with autoimmune thyroid diseases and the increased prevalence of autoantibodies including thyroid autoantibodies in vitiligo favor ...
Wu Tiejian - - 2006
Thyroid hormone plays a crucial role in the growth and function of the central nervous system. The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships between the status of subclinical thyroid conditions and cognition among adolescents in the United States. Study sample included 1,327 adolescents 13 to 16 years ...
Lee Dong-Hee - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to establish a "normal" range of dimensions of the thyroid gland on routine neck computed tomography in the Korean population and to investigate the possible influence of some physiological factors on the thyroid dimension. Neck computed tomography scans of 100 adults (57 males, 43 ...
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