Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 916
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Tozzoli Renato - - 2008
CONTEXT: The reference limits for thyroid antibodies are generally made by measuring thyroid peroxidase and thyroglobulin antibody values in a group of healthy subjects (direct method), as proposed by the National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry. OBJECTIVE: To define the upper reference limits of thyroid peroxidase and thyroglobulin, by using an ...
Weinhaeusel Andreas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: RET germline mutations predispose to the development of hereditary medullary thyroid carcinoma (hMTC). Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are described associated with sporadic MTC (sMTC). However, the findings regarding their influence on the clinical course and biological behavior of this disorder are discordant. To clarify the contradictory findings, we ...
Ceresini Graziano - - 2009
To investigate thyroid function testing abnormalities in older persons and to explore the relationship between thyroid dysfunction and cognition. Cross-sectional. Community-based. One thousand one hundred seventy-one men and women aged 23 to 102. Thyroid function was evaluated by measuring plasma concentrations of thyrotropin (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), and free triiodothyronine ...
Forestier E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Increased reverse tritiodothyronine (T(3)) used to be described as a part of euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS). It was demonstrated to be associated with increased mortality in acutely ill patients. It can also be found with low or normal T(3) in non-severely ill subjects but its significance remains unclear. PATIENTS ...
Ertugrul Derun T - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Rheumatic mitral stenosis (RMS), an autoimmune sequel of streptococcal infection, causes significant morbidity and mortality. As Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is recognized as the major form of chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, it was hypothesized that the coexistence of HT and RMS might have an autoimmune origin. ...
Rocha Eduardo M - - 2008
ABSTRACT The afferent nerves of the cornea and conjunctiva, efferent nerves of the lacrimal gland, and the lacrimal gland are a functional unit that works cooperatively to produce the aqueous component of tears. A decrease in the lacrimal gland secretory function can lead to dry eye disease. Because aging is ...
Milos Ioana N - - 2008
RET testing in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 for molecular diagnosis is the paradigm for the practice of clinical cancer genetics. However, precise data for distinct mutation-based risk profiles are not available. Here, we survey the clinical profile for one specific genotype as a model, TGC to TGG in codon ...
Langer Pavel - - 2008
In 137 females (F) and 94 males (M) aged 21-35 years from organochlorines (OCs) polluted area (POLL) increased thyroid volume (ThV), prevalence of antibodies to thyroperoxidase (TPOab), thyrotropin receptor (TRab) and of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) was found compared to 116 F and 107 M from background pollution area (BCGR). ...
Fujinami H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Impaired salivary secretion has been reported to cause abnormal acid clearance from the oesophagus in gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, few studies have explained the differences between non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) and erosive oesophagitis (EO) with respect to salivary secretion. Aim To elucidate these differences, we measured salivary secretion ...
Boucai Laura - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The suitability of TSH reference limits derived from national databases to outpatient practices has not been established. We aimed to determine whether race and age influence the distribution of TSH and free T4 (fT4). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of an urban outpatient medical practice. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (n = 22,116) ...
Ljungvall Karl - - 2008
In a split-litter design experiment, male piglets were exposed orally three times weekly to 300 mg/kg of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) or placebo between three and seven weeks of age. The effects on the reproductive organs were examined immediately after the exposure at seven weeks of age in one sub-group, and ...
Conrey E J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Thyrotoxicosis is produced by excessive quantities of thyroid hormone. Its most common causes involve inflammation of the thyroid gland. Much more rarely, thyrotoxicosis is due to exogenous intake of thyroid hormones or iodide compounds. Few outbreaks are documented. In 2003 to early 2004, doctors in Minas, Uruguay noted a ...
Ochieng, J.
Background: Thymus gland is the only primary lymphoid organ in mammals, the first organ to become lymphoid and influences the development of other lymphoid organs in the body. It develops from the 3rd pharyngeal pouch in 5th week of intra uterine life and is located in the anterior and superior ...
Garvin Heather M - - 2008
As the role of forensic anthropologists expands to the medical examiner setting, their expertise is being applied beyond the traditional dry skeletal material. In such scenarios radiographic techniques can be applied when maceration is not appropriate. This study explores the use of radiographic analysis of laryngeal structures for age-at-death determination. ...
Jafary Fatemeh - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid nodules not detected in palpation but diagnosed following a radiological procedure or during surgery are called thyroid incidentalomas. We designed this study to investigate the prevalence of sonographic thyroid incidentaloma in Isfahan, Iran, for the first time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: By a multistage cluster sampling method, 2523 adults ...
da Costa V M Corr?a - - 2008
The endocrine system is as affected by aging as are other systems. The effect of aging on the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid function is still controversial. Human aging was reported as associated with a decrease in thyrotropin (TSH) secretion, but increased TSH levels in relatively healthy elders are also reported. The main point ...
Patro Binod Kumar - - 2008
What is the current status of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) in the state of Jharkhand? (1) To determine the status of iodine deficiency in the state. (2) To determine the availability and cost of adequately iodized salt at the retail shops. (3) To study the perceptions of the community regarding ...
Köksal N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The reference ranges of thyroid volumes in neonates vary according to the iodine status of a specific region. In different studies, it ranged between 0.47 and 1.62 ml. It has been previously shown that Bursa city was a moderately iodine-deficient area. We therefore aimed at determining normal reference ranges ...
Rai B - - 2008
Age estimation is an important aspect of forensic investigation and is considered as one of the "Big Four" of Forensic Anthropology. One hundred and twenty (120) cephalograms of individuals aged 7-20 years were examined with reference to mandibular body length (distance between Gonion and Gnathion) mandibular length (distance between Co ...
Korpal-Szczyrska Maria - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hemiagenesis is a rare congenital anomaly in which one lobe of thyroid gland fails to develop. Because variations of the prevalence of this anomaly have been reported, the aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence rate of thyroid hemiagenesis in an apparently normal population from Northern ...
Das Dilip Kumar DK RG Kar Medical College, West Bengal, India. - - 2008
We carried out a study to assess the prevalence of goitre, measure urinary iodine excretion (UIE) levels and to estimate salt iodine content at the household level in Howrah district of West Bengal, India. This is a Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in September-December 2006. Primary schools located in 30 clusters ...
Jones J H - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The optimal dose of thyroxine (T4) in congenital hypothyroidism (CH) during infancy is controversial. Higher doses lead to improvement in cognitive scores, but have been linked to later behavioural difficulties. We have examined the effects of initial T4 dosage on somatic growth--a putative surrogate marker of overtreatment. ...
Ikram Muhammad Faisal - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To establish measurements of selected pituitary parameters in cases with normal pituitary gland in < or = 30 year old selected samples from Karachi. METHODS: A total of 220 subjects of < or = 30 years of age with normal pituitary morphology were evaluated by using T2 weighted Magnetic ...
Arita Reiko - - 2008
PURPOSE: To examine the morphologic changes in meibomian glands associated with aging and gender using a novel meibography system and to assess their relation with slit-lamp findings regarding eyelid and tear film function in a normal population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observation case series. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred thirty-six healthy volunteers (114 men, ...
Narongchai Paitoon - - 2008
The normal adult internal organ weight and the relationship between it with body weight (BW) and body height (BH) have not been studied in Thailand. The 499 corpses of autopsy were performed in Maharajnakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, the center of the northern part of Thailand during 2000-2005. All of these ...
Kratzsch J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of our study was to establish reference intervals for thyroid function tests in children and adolescents and to identify factors that may influence the limits of these intervals. METHODS: TSH, FT3, FT4, T3, T4, t-uptake, TPO-antibody (TPO-Ab) and TG-antibody (TG-Ab) levels were determined in blood of 1004 ...
Agate Laura - - 2008
CONTEXT: An increase in the prevalence of thyroid autoantibodies (ATAs) was reported 6-8 yr after the Chernobyl accident in radiation-exposed children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to reassess the effects of childhood radiation exposure on ATAs and thyroid function 13-15 yr after the accident. DESIGN AND SETTING: We measured ...
Custodio Ana Maria G - - 2008
Different from the classic view, the prostate is not a gland exclusive to the male, also being an organ of the female genital system presenting morphofunctional similarity between human and rodent. Thus structural, ultrastructural, morphometric-stereological features of the female prostate (Skene's paraurethral gland) and steroid serological levels were evaluated during ...
Markou Kostas B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency (ID) is still a major universal health problem. Iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) affect people of all ages, among whom the most vulnerable are children and adolescents. The aim of the present study was to assess the long-term effects on growth and pubertal development of correcting severe ID ...
Wasniewska M - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to retrospectively re-evaluate a population of selected infants with congenital hypothyroidism (CH), in order to investigate whether sexual dimorphism affects: a) CH etiology; b) its biochemical severity at the time of screening and recall; c) patients' biochemical response to replacement treatment during the ...
Jing Xin - - 2008
The study was aimed to investigate the impact of using standard criteria for assessing specimen adequacy and diagnostic terminology (CAST) on fine-needle aspiration (FNA) diagnosis and clinical management of thyroid nodules. The study included similar numbers of FNAs performed in 2 year before (group A) and 1.5 year after (group ...
Sonesson M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to investigate the relative amount of MUC5B and MUC7 in minor salivary glands in children and adults, in order to test the hypothesis that secretion of salivary mucins changes between childhood and adulthood. METHODS: Ninety individuals in the age-groups 3-year-olds, 14-year-olds, and young adults 20-25 ...
MacMaster Frank P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined pituitary gland size in mood disorders, particularly in adolescents. We hypothesized increase in the pituitary gland size in early-onset mood disorders. METHODS: Thirty subjects between the ages of 13 and 20 years participated in the study. Three groups (control, bipolar I depression and unipolar depression) ...
Figueroa Brunilda - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a serious public health problem, and the increasing prevalence of overweight status in the population is a major concern worldwide. Fifty eight percent of the Hispanic population of Puerto Rico is obese, but no data are available regarding thyroid status and body mass index (BMI) in this ...
Dominguez Ligia J - - 2008
Thyroid disorders occur at any age, but hypothyroidism is more common in older than in younger adults. In fact, the prevalence of thyroid disorders increases with age, and it is higher in old-old frail residents in nursing homes. Since thyroid diseases in older age, both overt reduced and increased function, ...
Mikosch Peter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormone administration is associated with low bone density in some studies. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence L-thyroxine, in doses used to treat patients with a history of thyroid carcinoma, on serum cathepsin K and other markers of bone metabolism. Cathepsin K is ...
FurgaƂ-Borzych Alicja - - 2008
Pituitary necrosis is mostly a result of pituitary haemorrhage or infarct. The frequency of pituitary necrosis in the Polish population has not yet been investigated. Hence, the aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of pituitary necrotic lesions in forensic autopsy material and to assess possible correlations of ...
Jorkjend Lars - - 2008
The aim of this study was to analyze resting whole saliva (RWS) and stimulated whole saliva (SWS) flow rates before and after administration of Pilocarpine in secondary Sjögren's Syndrome patients. Fifty-one patients (49 women, 2 men, mean age 61 years, range 38-85), all with a resting saliva < or =0.1 ...
Bakiner O - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Increased QT interval dispersion (QTd) is an electrocardiographic parameter shown to be associated with malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death, and QT dispersion corrected for heart rate (QTc) has emerged as a potentially important predictor of cardiac death. Increased QTd has been detected to be directly related to thyroid-stimulating ...
Sevón Liisi - - 2008
As relatively little is known about the effect of age on salivary electrolytes we studied the composition of saliva as function of age to provide reference values for healthy non-smoking women. All non-medicated and non-smoking 30-59-year-old subjects (n=255) selected from among 1030 women participating in a screening program formed the ...
Clark L S - - 2008
The morphology and histology of the cetacean adrenal gland are poorly understood. Therefore, this study examined 32 pairs of adrenal glands from 18 pan-tropical spotted dolphins (Stenella attenuata) and 14 spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris). In both species, the cortex was pseudolobulated and contained a typical mammalian zonation. Medullary protrusions (0-3 ...
Henkin Robert I - - 2007
Among the chemical moieties present in human parotid saliva, some, such as gustin or carbonic anhydrase VI, have been useful to distinguish patients with taste and smell dysfunction from normal subjects. To continue these studies we compared levels of salivary cAMP and cGMP in patients with taste and smell dysfunction ...
Portman Olivia - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine the normal pituitary gland in male subjects with ultrashort echo time (TE) pulse sequences, describe its appearance and measure its signal intensity before and after contrast enhancement. METHODS: Eleven male volunteers (mean age 57.1 years; range 36-81 years) were examined with ...
Psoter Walter J - - 2008
While protein-energy malnutrition may have multiple effects on oral tissues and subsequent disease development, reports of the effect of malnutrition on the human salivary glands are sparse. A retrospective cohort study of the effect of early childhood protein-energy malnutrition (EC-PEM) and adolescent nutritional status on salivary flow and pH was ...
Mariotti Stefano - - 2007
Overt hypothyroidism (OH) and subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) are frequently found in the elderly. OH is associated with several functional cardiovascular abnormalities and increased risk of atherosclerosis resulting from hypertension associated to atherogenic lipid profile. Other potential atherogenic factors involved in OH are increased circulating C-reactive protein and homocysteine, increased arterial ...
de Oliveira Otavio A L - - 2007
Neotropical swarm-founding wasps, the Epiponini, are an outstanding group of social insects whose societies are polygynic and complex nest builders. Caste dimorphism in these wasps ranges from incipient to highly distinct. Morphometric analyses of nine body parts, ovarian status, relative age and development of the 5th gastral sternite gland (Richards' ...
Surks Martin I - - 2007
CONTEXT: Measurements from all age groups defined the upper limit of the TSH reference range in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III. The TSH median, 97.5 centile and prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH), normal serum T(4) and TSH greater than 4.5 mIU/liter, increased progressively with age. Age-adjusted reference ranges ...
Sobotník Jan - - 2008
The cephalic region of the labial gland in the buff-tailed bumblebee, Bombus terrestris, consists of numerous acini (formed by associated secretory cells and a central lumen) and connecting ducts. Age-dependent changes in secretion production (both qualitative and quantitative) are associated with changes in the amount of rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), ...
Spencer C A - - 2007
CONTEXT: The setting of the TSH upper reference limit impacts the diagnosis of mild hypothyroidism and is currently controversial. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate factors influencing the TSH reference range. DESIGN: Nonpregnant subjects aged 12 yr and older from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III were used to ...
Macedo T A A - - 2007
The aim of this study was to describe normal Doppler parameter values in the thyroid arteries in an iodine-replete region. 165 individuals were randomly selected in a community located in the south-east of Brazil. We obtained a clinical history on each subject and determined serum thyrotropin, antiperoxidase antibodies, thyrotropin receptor ...
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