Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 937
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Alatise Olusegun Isaac - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the length of the sigmoid colon and sigmoid mesocolon in living subjects and fresh cadavers. METHODS: The subjects for the study were consecutive 50 living subjects undergoing abdominal surgeries via midline incision and 50 fresh cadavers undergoing a medicolegal postmortem at ...
Tanpowpong Pornthep - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether season of birth is associated with celiac disease (CD). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a medical record review of 1964 patients with biopsy-proven CD at 3 teaching hospitals (2 pediatric centers and 1 adult center) between 2000 and 2010. The first positive small intestinal biopsy result defined ...
Rajilić-Stojanović Mirjana - - 2012
The microbiota that colonizes the human intestinal tract is complex and its structure is specific for each of us. In this study we expand the knowledge about the stability of the subject-specific microbiota and show that this ecosystem is stable in short-term intervals (< 1 year) but also during long periods ...
Naem Soraya - - 2012
Hadjelia truncata (Spirurida: Habronematidae) is a nematode found in the gizzard of several avian species. However, it has been reported pathogenic only in pigeons (Columba livia), in which it causes severe ventriculitis. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to study the morphological aspects of adult worms of this nematode in ...
Suzuki Rodrigo Buzinaro RB Department of Genotyping, Hemocenter, Marilia Medical School, Marilia 17519-030, São Paulo, - - 2012
To investigate age, sex, histopathology and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) status, as risk factors for gastroduodenal disease outcome in Brazilian dyspeptic patients. From all 1466 consecutive dyspeptic patients submitted to upper gastroscopy at Hospital das Clinicas of Marilia, antral biopsy specimens were obtained and subjected to histopathology and H. pylori ...
Kheirandish Reza R Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, - - 2014
Coccidiosis is an economically disease that caused by Eimeria spp. Small and large intestines are target tissues of this protozoan parasite. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of coccidial infection and pathology of coccidiosis of goats in Kerman, southeastern Iran, from February 2010 to July 2011. ...
Drago Lorenzo - - 2012
: The aim of this study was to characterize the composition of the intestinal microbiota in healthy centenarians in comparison with younger adults, considering both quantitative and qualitative aspects of gut community structure. : The gut microbiota plays an essential role in human health. Toward seniority, its balance is affected ...
Yamasaki Takahisa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of age on esophageal sensation, and to determine whether esophageal mechanosensitivity and chemosensitivity are correlated in healthy Japanese subjects. METHODS: To evaluate chemosensitivity, a catheter was inserted and placed 10 cm above the upper border of the lower esophageal sphincter ...
Agbaje Jimoh Olubanwo - - 2012
PURPOSE: Defects at the lower border of the mandible may persist after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO). The purpose of this study was to estimate the frequency of lower border defects after BSSO and to identify factors associated with the development of these defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study ...
Verhegghe Marijke - - 2012
A longitudinal study was performed to determine the age at which piglets become colonized with livestock-associated MRSA and the effect of the sow MRSA status on the colonization status of their offspring. On four farrow-to-finish farms (A-D), nasal swabs were collected during a 6-month period from 12 sows and their ...
Granata M - - 2012
Synbiotic dietary supplements are used to modulate the intestinal microbiota in adults; however, studies regarding elderly people are limited. The aim of this work is to determine the effect of regular consumption of yogurt containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) and the fructooligosaccharide (FOS) Actilight(®) both in healthy adults and the ...
Zhang Q - - 2012
Background and aims: atrophic gastritis (AG) and dysplasia are precancerous lesions, with which early surveillance of disease progression is particularly important for patients. The present study aimed to explore potential alarming signals for atrophic gastritis progression towards dysplasia.Methods: clinical data for patients with AG in the Digestive Endoscopy Center of ...
Gökalp S - - 2012
To assess the prevalence and related factors of root caries in Turkish 35-44 and 65-74 year-olds. In this cross-sectional study, using a proportional stratified cluster sampling, 1,631 subjects aged 35-44 years and 1,545 aged 65-74 years were examined. Data were collected via a structured, pre-tested face-to-face administered questionnaire and oral ...
Klusemann Markus J - - 2012
Abstract Differences in physiological, physical, and technical demands of small-sided basketball games related to the number of players, court size, and work-to-rest ratios are not well characterised. A controlled trial was conducted to compare the influence of number of players (2v2/4v4), court size (half/full court) and work-to-rest ratios (4x2.5 min/2x5 min) ...
Matsuhisa Takeshi - - 2012
The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is high, but the incidence of gastric cancer is low in natives of Bangladesh. The gastric mucosa was observed in Bangladeshi patients to investigate the differences between Bangladeshis and Japanese. The study involved 418 Bangladeshi and 2356 Japanese patients with abdominal complaints who ...
Sutra Sumitr - - 2012
The incidence of diarrhea in Thai children under five years of age increased over the last decade while mortality dramatically decreased. To evaluate the effectiveness of MCH services under Universal Coverage Schemes, health outcomes should be performed. To assess the burden and pattern of childhood diarrheal diseases in Thai children ...
Kuriakose Anu - - 2012
The purpose of the study is to determine the thickness of the palatal mucosa by a direct clinical method, and the association of age and gender with the thickness of the palatal mucosa. Forty systemically and periodontally healthy Indian subjects participated in the study. The subjects were categorized according to ...
Torres Jose N - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to report the orthodontic treatment of a patient with extremely delayed development of the maxillary lateral incisors. At 7 years of age, the boy's permanent maxillary lateral incisors had not erupted. A radiograph showed no tooth germs in place, although well-defined radiolucent areas were ...
Kumar Santosh - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the prevalence, demographic and clinical characteristics of transmigrated canines in a south Indian orthodontic patient population. Design: Retrospective observational study. Setting: Manipal University, Manipal, India. Subjects and methods: Panoramic radiographs of 3500 patients were examined and data collected regarding the number and side of transmigrated canines, sex ...
Darsey Drew M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the initial effects of maxillary expansion therapy with Hyrax appliance and to evaluate the related changes in maxillary sinus volume. Thirty patients (20 females, 10 males; 13.8 years) requiring maxillary expansion therapy, as part of their comprehensive orthodontic treatment, were examined. Each ...
Titinchi Fadi - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical and radiologic features of keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOT) and their recurrence patterns. The authors undertook a retrospective analysis of 145 histopathologically proven KCOT. Recurrence was analyzed for age, sex, site, size, radiographic appearance, treatment, and association with nevoid basal cell ...
Kim Yoojun - - 2012
The aim of this study was to examine whether there is a relationship between the position of impacted maxillary canines and the morphology of the maxilla. The palatally impacted canine group included 18 boys and 27 girls with an average age of 12 years 9 months (±2 years 1 month). ...
Rizell Sara - - 2012
The aim of this project was to study the impact on craniofacial morphology from Turner syndrome (TS) karyotype, number of intact X chromosomal p-arms, and age as well as to compare craniofacial morphology in TS with healthy females. Lateral radiographs from 108 females with TS, ranging from 5.4 to 61.6 ...
Sarnäs Karl-Victor - - 2012
Our objective was to study mandibular widening in untreated subjects with hemifacial microsomia. From the 3-dimensional files at the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Skane University Hospital in Malmö, Sweden, data of 11 subjects (3 girls, 8 boys) with hemifacial microsomia were retrieved. Their age range was 9 years ...
Mittar Madhulika - - 2012
Preventive measures are necessary to prevent a potential irregularity from progressing into a more severe malocclusion. The determination of the tooth size-arch length discrepancy in mixed dentition requires an accurate prediction of the mesiodistal widths of the unerupted permanent teeth. For the study, 200 subjects in the age group of ...
Primozic Jasmina - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of tongue posture with the dentoalveolar maxillary and mandibular morphology in a group of Class III subjects in comparison to a group of Class I subjects. Twenty Class III subjects (9 males, 11 females, 19.2 ± 4.6 years) and ...
Murlimanju B V - - 2012
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The objectives were to study the morphology of the lingulae in adult human dried mandibles of South Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 67 (37 males and 30 females) dry mandibles and the morphological variants of the shapes of the lingulae ...
Dolezal Adam G - - 2012
In Pogonomyrmex californicus harvester ants, an age-associated division of labor occurs in the worker caste, in which young workers perform in-nest tasks and older workers forage for food. Here, we tested whether this behavioral division is age based or age flexible, and whether it coincides with differential expression of systemic ...
Takahashi Hitoshi - - 2012
The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway is important for tissue proliferation. Previously, we found that tissue regeneration after partial pancreatic resection was markedly attenuated in aged mice as compared to young mice and that this attenuation was because of an age-dependent reduction of PI3K/Akt signaling in the pancreatic acini; however, the ...
Goldstone A P - - 2012
Objective:Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic neurodevelopmental disorder with several nutritional phases during childhood proceeding from poor feeding, through normal eating without and with obesity, to hyperphagia and life-threatening obesity, with variable ages of onset. We investigated whether differences in appetite hormones may explain the development of abnormal eating behaviour ...
Horton Daniel B DB Division of Rheumatology, Nemours A.I. duPont, Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware, - - 2012
Enthesitis is an extra-intestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in adults. However, little has been published about the prevalence or characteristics of enthesitis in pediatric IBD. We conducted a cross-sectional study of children and young adults ages 4-21 years with IBD. Subjects were recruited among those receiving routine care ...
Avital-Cohen N - - 2012
Decreasing fertility in aging domestic roosters is a well-known phenomenon. Aging is manifested by a decrease in plasma testosterone level, testis function, and spermatogenesis, resulting in a low level of fertility. The roles of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and testicular inhibin in this aging process are not clear. The effects ...
Peeran Syed Wali - - 2012
The present study was aimed at assessing the periodontal status and risk factors like age, gender, tooth brushing habit, and smoking among the adult population of Sebha city, Libya. 452 adults, aged 35-54 years, comprised the study sample. 266 (58.84%) were females and 186 (41.15%) were males. Data was collected ...
Sundareswaran Shobha - - 2012
Aim: The relationship of anterior cranial base to midface dimensions in skeletal Class III malocclusions is said to be unclear. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate and correlate various cephalometric parameters depicting anterior cranial base and cranial base flexure to maxillary dimensions in skeletal Class III malocclusions. ...
Khanna Rohit - - 2012
This cross-sectional retrospective cephalometric study was designed to clarify whether the maxillary deficiency seen in surgically treated individuals with non-syndromic complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) is due to inherent growth potential or iatrogenicity. 72 adult individuals were randomly selected in the age range of 12-20 years, and were ...
Lee Hee Jun - - 2012
During stimulated in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle, up to 30% of the recovered oocytes are immature ones which have poor fertilization capacity; however, the precise influencing factors are largely unknown. Here, we analyzed the association of oocyte immaturity with woman's age in IVF cycles stimulated by single regimen. A total ...
Lalezari David D Department of Gastroenterology, Cedar Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2012
To investigate the small bowel pH profile and small intestine transit time (SITT) in healthy controls and patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Nine IBS patients (3 males, mean age 35 yr) and 10 healthy subjects (6 males, mean age 33 yr) were studied. Intestinal pH profile and SITT were ...
Herndon James G - - 2012
Menopause in women occurs at mid-life. Chimpanzees, in contrast, continue to display cycles of menstrual bleeding and genital swelling, suggestive of ovulation, until near their maximum life span of about 60 years. Because ovulation was not confirmed hormonally, however, the age at which chimpanzees experience menopause has remained uncertain. In ...
Gracia Clarisa R CR Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2012
To determine whether measures of ovarian reserve differ between females exposed to cancer therapies in a dose-dependent manner as compared with healthy controls of similar age and late reproductive age. Cross-sectional analysis of data from a prospective cohort study. University medical center. Seventy-one cancer survivors aged 15-39 years; 67 healthy, ...
Eskandar Mamdoh - - 2012
Introduction. To investigate the association of high Body Mass Index (BMI) with semen parameters and reproductive hormones in men of reproductive age. Setting. The Saudi Center for Assisted Reproduction. Method. This study was conducted during the period from February 2009 to February 2011. Subjects were exposed through medical history evaluation ...
Clinton M - - 2011
For the majority of animals, males and females are obviously different in terms of appearance, behaviour and physiology, and until recently, these differences were considered to be the result of hormone actions. However, there is now considerable evidence that the development of some sexually dimorphic structures/behaviours is a function of ...
Moss C - - 2011
Loss of appetite is frequently observed during ageing, termed the 'anorexia of ageing'. Ageing is associated with the inability to appropriately increase food intake after under-eating in the short- and long-term. Older people also report lower feelings of hunger and increased feelings of satiety and fullness. Gastrointestinal peptide hormones are ...
Heinzel A - - 2011
We aimed to investigate the subjective well-being in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer after hormone withdrawal. Since this might be confounded by psycho-oncological processes unrelated to hypothyroidism we intended to minimize such factors by only including patients with a history of uneventful follow-up examinations for several years.We investigated 67 patients ...
Shin Yu-Kyong - - 2012
Normal aging is a complex process that affects every organ system in the body, including the taste system. Thus, we investigated the effects of the normal aging process on taste bud morphology, function, and taste responsivity in male mice at 2, 10, and 18 months of age. The 18-month-old animals ...
Mooradian Arshag D - - 2011
Aging is associated with a host of alterations in thyroid gland structure and function. Some of these changes have favorable effects on longevity, whereas others are maladaptive and contribute to a decline in health and quality of life. An area of particular controversy is the diagnosis and management of subclinical ...
Veldhuis Johannes D JD Endocrine Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St. SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2012
Direct sampling of the human spermatic veins has disclosed concomitant LH and testosterone (T) pulses, suggesting pulsatile LH concentration-dependent stimulation of T secretion. However, studies to date have examined this hypothesis using only pharmacological stimulation with hCG. The present study tests the hypothesis that age is marked by decreased T ...
Li Chenyan - - 2011
The aims of this study performed in 2007 were to verify the selection criteria proposed by the National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry (NACB) guidelines, to investigate factors that influence thyrotropin (TSH) levels, and to determine serum TSH reference range in iodine sufficient areas of China. After excluding 291 subjects, a ...
Miyashita Norikazu - - 2011
Dolly, the first mammal cloned from a somatic cell, had shorter telomeres than age-matched controls and died at an early age because of disease. To investigate longevity and lifetime performance in cloned animals, we produced cloned cows with short telomeres using oviductal epithelial cells as donor cells. At 5 years ...
Khangura Rajbir Kaur - - 2011
Sexual dimorphism refers to the differences in size, shape, etc., between males and females. The dentition's use in sex assessment has been explored and advocated owing to its strength and resistance to peri- and post-mortem insults. The study evaluated permanent maxillary incisors and canines for sexual dimorphism and estimated the ...
Juraska Janice M - - 2011
The literature on the neuroanatomical changes that occur during normal, non-demented aging is reviewed here with an emphasis on the improved accuracy of studies that use stereological techniques. Loss of neural tissue involved in cognition occurs during aging of humans as well as the other mammals that have been examined. ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >