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Sarnäs Karl-Victor - - 2012
Our objective was to study mandibular widening in untreated subjects with hemifacial microsomia. From the 3-dimensional files at the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Skane University Hospital in Malmö, Sweden, data of 11 subjects (3 girls, 8 boys) with hemifacial microsomia were retrieved. Their age range was 9 years ...
Mittar Madhulika - - 2012
Preventive measures are necessary to prevent a potential irregularity from progressing into a more severe malocclusion. The determination of the tooth size-arch length discrepancy in mixed dentition requires an accurate prediction of the mesiodistal widths of the unerupted permanent teeth. For the study, 200 subjects in the age group of ...
Primozic Jasmina - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of tongue posture with the dentoalveolar maxillary and mandibular morphology in a group of Class III subjects in comparison to a group of Class I subjects. Twenty Class III subjects (9 males, 11 females, 19.2 ± 4.6 years) and ...
Murlimanju B V - - 2012
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The objectives were to study the morphology of the lingulae in adult human dried mandibles of South Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 67 (37 males and 30 females) dry mandibles and the morphological variants of the shapes of the lingulae ...
Dolezal Adam G - - 2012
In Pogonomyrmex californicus harvester ants, an age-associated division of labor occurs in the worker caste, in which young workers perform in-nest tasks and older workers forage for food. Here, we tested whether this behavioral division is age based or age flexible, and whether it coincides with differential expression of systemic ...
Takahashi Hitoshi - - 2012
The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway is important for tissue proliferation. Previously, we found that tissue regeneration after partial pancreatic resection was markedly attenuated in aged mice as compared to young mice and that this attenuation was because of an age-dependent reduction of PI3K/Akt signaling in the pancreatic acini; however, the ...
Goldstone A P - - 2012
Objective:Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic neurodevelopmental disorder with several nutritional phases during childhood proceeding from poor feeding, through normal eating without and with obesity, to hyperphagia and life-threatening obesity, with variable ages of onset. We investigated whether differences in appetite hormones may explain the development of abnormal eating behaviour ...
Horton Daniel B DB Division of Rheumatology, Nemours A.I. duPont, Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware, - - 2012
Enthesitis is an extra-intestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in adults. However, little has been published about the prevalence or characteristics of enthesitis in pediatric IBD. We conducted a cross-sectional study of children and young adults ages 4-21 years with IBD. Subjects were recruited among those receiving routine care ...
Avital-Cohen N - - 2012
Decreasing fertility in aging domestic roosters is a well-known phenomenon. Aging is manifested by a decrease in plasma testosterone level, testis function, and spermatogenesis, resulting in a low level of fertility. The roles of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and testicular inhibin in this aging process are not clear. The effects ...
Peeran Syed Wali - - 2012
The present study was aimed at assessing the periodontal status and risk factors like age, gender, tooth brushing habit, and smoking among the adult population of Sebha city, Libya. 452 adults, aged 35-54 years, comprised the study sample. 266 (58.84%) were females and 186 (41.15%) were males. Data was collected ...
Sundareswaran Shobha - - 2012
Aim: The relationship of anterior cranial base to midface dimensions in skeletal Class III malocclusions is said to be unclear. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate and correlate various cephalometric parameters depicting anterior cranial base and cranial base flexure to maxillary dimensions in skeletal Class III malocclusions. ...
Khanna Rohit - - 2012
This cross-sectional retrospective cephalometric study was designed to clarify whether the maxillary deficiency seen in surgically treated individuals with non-syndromic complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) is due to inherent growth potential or iatrogenicity. 72 adult individuals were randomly selected in the age range of 12-20 years, and were ...
Lee Hee Jun - - 2012
During stimulated in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle, up to 30% of the recovered oocytes are immature ones which have poor fertilization capacity; however, the precise influencing factors are largely unknown. Here, we analyzed the association of oocyte immaturity with woman's age in IVF cycles stimulated by single regimen. A total ...
Lalezari David D Department of Gastroenterology, Cedar Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2012
To investigate the small bowel pH profile and small intestine transit time (SITT) in healthy controls and patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Nine IBS patients (3 males, mean age 35 yr) and 10 healthy subjects (6 males, mean age 33 yr) were studied. Intestinal pH profile and SITT were ...
Herndon James G - - 2012
Menopause in women occurs at mid-life. Chimpanzees, in contrast, continue to display cycles of menstrual bleeding and genital swelling, suggestive of ovulation, until near their maximum life span of about 60 years. Because ovulation was not confirmed hormonally, however, the age at which chimpanzees experience menopause has remained uncertain. In ...
Gracia Clarisa R CR Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2012
To determine whether measures of ovarian reserve differ between females exposed to cancer therapies in a dose-dependent manner as compared with healthy controls of similar age and late reproductive age. Cross-sectional analysis of data from a prospective cohort study. University medical center. Seventy-one cancer survivors aged 15-39 years; 67 healthy, ...
Eskandar Mamdoh - - 2012
Introduction. To investigate the association of high Body Mass Index (BMI) with semen parameters and reproductive hormones in men of reproductive age. Setting. The Saudi Center for Assisted Reproduction. Method. This study was conducted during the period from February 2009 to February 2011. Subjects were exposed through medical history evaluation ...
Clinton M - - 2011
For the majority of animals, males and females are obviously different in terms of appearance, behaviour and physiology, and until recently, these differences were considered to be the result of hormone actions. However, there is now considerable evidence that the development of some sexually dimorphic structures/behaviours is a function of ...
Moss C - - 2011
Loss of appetite is frequently observed during ageing, termed the 'anorexia of ageing'. Ageing is associated with the inability to appropriately increase food intake after under-eating in the short- and long-term. Older people also report lower feelings of hunger and increased feelings of satiety and fullness. Gastrointestinal peptide hormones are ...
Heinzel A - - 2011
We aimed to investigate the subjective well-being in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer after hormone withdrawal. Since this might be confounded by psycho-oncological processes unrelated to hypothyroidism we intended to minimize such factors by only including patients with a history of uneventful follow-up examinations for several years.We investigated 67 patients ...
Shin Yu-Kyong - - 2012
Normal aging is a complex process that affects every organ system in the body, including the taste system. Thus, we investigated the effects of the normal aging process on taste bud morphology, function, and taste responsivity in male mice at 2, 10, and 18 months of age. The 18-month-old animals ...
Mooradian Arshag D - - 2011
Aging is associated with a host of alterations in thyroid gland structure and function. Some of these changes have favorable effects on longevity, whereas others are maladaptive and contribute to a decline in health and quality of life. An area of particular controversy is the diagnosis and management of subclinical ...
Veldhuis Johannes D - - 2012
Direct sampling of the human spermatic veins has disclosed concomitant LH and testosterone (T) pulses, suggesting pulsatile LH concentration-dependent stimulation of T secretion. However, studies to date have examined this hypothesis using only pharmacological stimulation with hCG. The present study tests the hypothesis that age is marked by decreased T ...
Li Chenyan - - 2011
The aims of this study performed in 2007 were to verify the selection criteria proposed by the National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry (NACB) guidelines, to investigate factors that influence thyrotropin (TSH) levels, and to determine serum TSH reference range in iodine sufficient areas of China. After excluding 291 subjects, a ...
Miyashita Norikazu - - 2011
Dolly, the first mammal cloned from a somatic cell, had shorter telomeres than age-matched controls and died at an early age because of disease. To investigate longevity and lifetime performance in cloned animals, we produced cloned cows with short telomeres using oviductal epithelial cells as donor cells. At 5 years ...
Khangura Rajbir Kaur - - 2011
Sexual dimorphism refers to the differences in size, shape, etc., between males and females. The dentition's use in sex assessment has been explored and advocated owing to its strength and resistance to peri- and post-mortem insults. The study evaluated permanent maxillary incisors and canines for sexual dimorphism and estimated the ...
Juraska Janice M - - 2011
The literature on the neuroanatomical changes that occur during normal, non-demented aging is reviewed here with an emphasis on the improved accuracy of studies that use stereological techniques. Loss of neural tissue involved in cognition occurs during aging of humans as well as the other mammals that have been examined. ...
Vishwakarma N - - 2011
Teeth are well preserved after death and they exhibit remarkable sexual dimorphism. Hence, they provide excellent materials for forensic investigations intended for identification of sex. Present study was undertaken on permanent mandibular canines of 90 male and 90 female subjects of age group 17-23 years. The mesiodistal width for right ...
Somwaru Lily L - - 2011
Despite widespread use, there are no data on initiation of thyroid hormone use in older people. We report the prevalence of thyroid hormone use and predictors of thyroid hormone initiation in a population of older men and women. Thyroid hormone medication data were collected annually from 1989 to 2006 in ...
Crosier Adrienne E - - 2011
Although the cheetah routinely lives for >12 yr in ex situ collections, females > 8 yr of age reproduce infrequently. We tested the hypothesis that reproduction is compromised in older cheetah females due to a combination of a disrupted gonadal, oocyte and uterine function/integrity. We assessed (1) ovarian response to ...
Esfandyari Hadi - - 2011
This investigation was conducted to evaluate the comparative productive performances and effect of some environmental factors on wool characteristics of Arkharmerino × Ghezel (Ar × Gh) and Arkharmerino × Moghani (Ar × Mo) crossbreed sheep. The mid-side fleece samples taken from animals during 2 years (2007-2008) were analyzed. Each sample was ...
Tajar Abdelouahid - - 2011
To explore the associations between frailty and reproductive axis hormones (as an important regulatory system) in middle aged and older men. Cross-sectional. The European Male Aging Study. Three thousand two hundred nineteen community-dwelling European men aged 40 to 79. Interviewer-assisted questionnaires to assess physical activity, health status, and mood were ...
Baisakhiya Nitish - - 2011
Odontogenic keratocyst are known for there recurrence and local bone destruction. They have bimodal age presentation. OKC is common in lower jaw than upper jaw. They are usually asymptomatic and diagnosed during radiological investigation. We are reporting this case because of its age presentation (70 years), site of presentation (maxillary canine ...
Lin-Su Karen - - 2011
Patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency typically reach a final adult height well below their mid-parental target height. The objective of this study was to examine whether GH alone or in combination with an LHRH analog (LHRHa) improved the final adult height in patients with CAH. ...
Oliveira-Neto Luiz Alves - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To analyze cephalometric features in adults with isolated growth hormone (GH) deficiency (IGHD). Materials and Methods: Nine adult IGHD individuals (7 males and 2 females; mean age, 37.8 ± 13.8 years) underwent a cross-sectional cephalometric study, including 9 linear and 5 angular measurements. Posterior facial height/anterior facial height and ...
Bhattacharya T K - - 2011
The pituitary hormone prolactin has a wide variety of functions involving growth, behavioral, and ovarian activities in chickens. The objectives of the present study were to identify polymorphisms in the prolactin promoter and estimate their effects on growth traits in White Leghorn chickens. Among 28 haplotypes found, the h1 haplotype ...
Kirkegaard Maja - - 2011
As a model of high trophic level carnivores, sledge dogs were fed from 2 to 18 months of age with minke whale blubber containing organohalogen compounds (OHC) corresponding to 128 μg PCB/day. Controls were fed uncontaminated porcine fat. Thyroid hormone levels were assessed in 7 exposed and 7 control sister ...
Pérez Iván E - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to describe the posteroanterior cephalometric norm values from Hispanic Americans Peruvian non adults patients between years 2009 to 2010, identify possible differences between sexes and compare our results with similar studies in the literature. Data from posteroanterior cephalograms from 318 patients (177 females ...
Gulati Rajeev - - 2011
The present study was aimed at development of the cephalometric norms for orthognathic surgery for the population of eastern Uttar Pradesh in North India. Settings and design: This study was conducted at a dental college. The study sample consisted of 50 males and 50 females. Each lateral cephalogram was taken ...
Fasano Giovanna - - 2011
In the past few years, cryopreservation of ovarian tissue has become an established procedure proposed in many centers around the world and transplantation has successfully resulted in full-term pregnancies and deliveries in human. This prospective study aims to evaluate the feasibility of vitrifying in vitro matured oocytes (IVM) isolated at ...
Weghofer Andrea - - 2011
AMH's reported stability during periods of hormonal change makes it a practical tool in assessing ovarian reserve. However, AMH declines with age and age-specific cut-offs remain to be established in women with proven fertility. This study aims to determine age-specific ranges of AMH in women with proven fertility. Two hundred-ten ...
Ehrenkranz Joel - - 2011
Background: Iodine deficiency is a major public health problem throughout Africa. Although salt for human consumption is said to contain adequate amounts of iodine in Uganda, iodine intake may not be optimal. We undertook a field study to assess the adequacy of iodine nutrition in western Uganda using on-site measurement ...
Rizzo M - - 2010
Like other auto-immune diseases, Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) results from the interaction of genetic with environmental factors. Only few studies have evaluated the year-to-year change in frequency of HT over a wide period of time. The endocrine division of our Hospital has reported a great increase in the annual frequency of ...
Zjacić-Rotkvić Vanja - - 2010
Since the 19th century, there have been sporadic attempts to attribute the changes of aging to one or another endocrine deficit and efforts to reverse these changes by various replacement therapies. This search for a hormonal 'fountain of youth' continues today.
Boucai Laura - - 2011
The use of age- and ethnicity-specific thyrotropin (TSH) reference limits decreases misclassification of patients with thyroid dysfunction. Developing such limits requires TSH measurements in different subpopulations. We determined, in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, the TSH median, 2.5th and 97.5th centiles as a function of age, and ...
Santos Maria Teresa - - 2010
Previous studies reported alterations in salivary flow rate and biochemical parameters of saliva in cerebral palsy (CP) individuals; however, none of these considered the type of neuromotor abnormality among CP individuals, thus it remains unclear whether the different anatomical and extended regions of the brain lesions responsible for the neurological ...
Hersikorn Blair D - - 2011
The wet landscape approach to oil sands tailings reclamation in the Athabasca Oil Sands region involves creating wetlands from fluid tailings in mined-out pits. We measured time to metamorphosis, thyroid hormone status, and detoxification enzyme (EROD) induction in Wood frog (Lithobates sylvaticus) tadpoles raised on reclaimed oil sands wetlands of ...
Tokushima Isao - - 2010
The guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta, is widely distributed in Thailand and other surrounding Southeast Asian countries, and, like the closely related sympatric species, the oriental fruit fly, B. dorsalis, infests various fruits, including guava, peach, and mango. Males of both B. correcta and B. dorsalis are strongly attracted to, ...
Moreno-Reyes Rodrigo - - 2011
Mild iodine deficiency (MID) is endemic in Belgium. Previous surveys, which assessed iodine nutrition in Belgium, focused on children. The iodine status of adults and the influence of ethnicity or seasonality on urinary iodine concentrations (UIC) have not been investigated. Since the nutritional profile of children differs from that of ...
Veres C - - 2010
The aim of this study is to define criteria for accurate representation of the thyroid in human models used to represent external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) patients and evaluate the relationship between the volume of this organ and clinical and anthropometric characteristics. From CT images, we segmented the thyroid gland and ...
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