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Rundle Andrew A Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, 722 West 168th Street, Room730, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2013
To determine whether body mass index (BMI) is associated with proximity to neighborhood parks, the size of the parks, their cleanliness, and the availability of recreational facilities in the parks. Cross-sectional. New York City. Adults (13,102) were recruited from 2000 to 2002 (median age 45 years, 36% male). Anthropometric and ...
Phillips Robert J RJ Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2081, USA. - - 2013
With age, alpha-synuclein (α-SYNC) misfolds and forms insoluble deposits of protein in the myenteric plexus, leading presumably to dystrophy and degeneration in the circuitry controlling gastrointestinal (GI) function. The present experiment examined aggregates of α-SYNC in the aging small intestine and investigated how macrophages in the wall of the GI ...
Gürses Dolunay - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cardiac functions and age-related changes of these functions in full-term small for gestational age infants during the first 3 months of life. METHODS: Cardiac functions of 20 term small for gestational age and 20 term appropriate for gestational age infants ...
Klingspor S - - 2013
Probiotics have been shown to have positive effects on growth performance traits and the health of farm animals. The objective of the study was to examine whether the probiotic strain Enterococcus faecium NCIMB 10415 (E. faecium) changes the absorptive and secretory transport and barrier properties of piglet jejunum in vitro ...
Sconfienza Luca Maria - - 2013
Purpose:To evaluate the use of axial-strain real-time sonoelastography in patients with plantar fasciitis compared with that in healthy control subjects.Materials and Methods:Institutional review board approval and patients' consent were obtained. Eighty feet of 80 patients (43 men, 37 women; mean age ± standard deviation, 46.3 years ± 8.7) with plantar ...
Ghassemi A - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the plaque removal effectiveness of a new children's powered toothbrush and compare it to that of a manual brush. This examiner-blind, randomized study used a cross-over design. One-hundred and five qualifying male and female subjects (52 ages 8-12 and 53 ages 13-17) ...
Correa Marcos Britto - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and characteristics of oral lesions and oral self-examination and the association between these variables and life course determinants in a young population. A representative sample (n = 720) of all births occurring in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, ...
Rampelli S - - 2013
Objectives: Evaluation of the impact of a biscuit containing the probiotics Bifidobacterium longum Bar33 and Lactobacillus helveticus Bar13 on the intestinal microbiota in the elderly. Design: Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Participants: Thirty-two elderly volunteers living in Italy. The group was composed of 19 women and 13 men aged between 71 ...
Taylor William A - - 2013
The abundance and distribution of parasitic helminths in populations of African buffaloes, Syncerus caffer, have not been well documented. A total of 28 buffaloes of different ages and sexeswere sampled in the Kruger National Park, South Africa, for nematodes of the small intestine. Three nematode species were identified, namely Cooperia fuelleborni, Cooperia hungi ...
Epars Jean-Francois - - 2013
A successful inferior alveolar nerve block anesthesia necessitates knowledge of the exact location of the mandibular foramen. The aim of this study was to determine whether the location of the mandibular foramen is related to the age or the vertical facial morphology of the patient. Lateral cephalometric radiographs from 145 ...
Brena Carlo - - 2013
Most geophilomorph centipedes show intraspecific variability in the number of leg-bearing segments. This intraspecific variability generally has a component that is related to sex, with females having on average more segments than males. Neither the developmental basis nor the adaptive role of this dimorphism is known. To determine when this ...
Anuradha Br - - 2013
Aim: To treat mucogingival problems palatal masticatory mucosa is used as a donor material. This study aimed to determine the thickness of donor palatal mucosa and associations of age and gender in Indian subjects aged 14 to 60 years by direct clinical technique. Materials and methods: Forty systemically and periodontally ...
Walzer Andreas - - 2013
Food limitation early in life may be compensated for by developmental plasticity resulting in accelerated development enhancing survival at the expense of small adult body size. However and especially for females in non-matching maternal and offspring environments, being smaller than the standard may incur considerable intra- and trans-generational costs. Here, ...
Angrisani Rosanna Mariangela Giaffredo - - 2013
To characterize the Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) of small for gestational age preterm newborns and to compare the findings to those of appropriate for gestational age premature newborns in order to verify whether the small for gestational age condition is a risk factor for hearing loss. This prospective cross-sectional multicenter ...
Tam Clarence C CC Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK. - - 2013
Infectious intestinal disease (IID) is a major health and economic burden in high-income countries. In the UK, there are an estimated 17 million IID cases annually, of which 6 million are caused by the 12 most common pathogens. Host factors that influence risk of IID are not well understood. We ...
Kluge Nikita J NJ Department of Entomology, Biological Faculty, Saint-Petersburg State University, University Embankment 7, 199034 Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation; Email: - - 2013
The first representative of the subgenus Helvetoraeticus Bauernfeind & Soldán, 2012, from the Caucasus Mountains, Ecdyonurus (Helvetoraeticus) adjaricus sp. nov., is described on the basis of larvae, female imago (reared from larva) and male imago from the Autonomous Republic of Adjara, Georgia. The male imago of the new species can be separated ...
Shet Rgk R Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, College of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur-10, Chitwan, - - 2013
Geriatric dentistry or gerodontics is the delivery of dental care to older adults involving the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of problems associated with normal aging and age-related diseases as part of an interdisciplinary team with other health care professionals. Aim: To evaluate the oral mucosal status in the elderly population ...
Kobayashi Toshio T Miyagi University, Hatadate, Taihaku-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 982-0215, Japan ; RIKEN, Benno Laboratory, Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, - - 2013
The intestinal microbiota compositions of 92 men living in Japan were identified following consumption of identical meals for 3 days. Fecal samples were analyzed by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism with 4 primer-restriction enzyme systems, and the 120 obtained operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were analyzed by Data mining software focusing ...
Jin J S - - 2012
The intestinal microbiota composition of 92 volunteers living in Japan was identified following the consumption of 'identical meals' (1,879 kcal/day) for 3 days. When faecal samples were analysed by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism with several primer-restriction enzyme systems and then clustered, the patterns could be divided into 2 clusters. ...
Caetano Raul R Dallas Regional Campus, University of Texas School of Public Health, Dallas, TX 75390-9128, USA. - - 2013
This paper examines the prevalence, the symptom profile, and the drinking and sociodemographic predictors of current (past 12 months) DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence among Mexican Americans living along the U.S.-Mexico border and those living in metropolitan areas away from the border. Respondents in the non-border areas (primarily Houston and ...
Serra-Prat M - - 2012
Background  The mechanisms involved in anorexia in frail elderly people remain unclear. The objective of this study was to establish whether fasting and postprandial levels of gastrointestinal peptides, gastrointestinal motility, and hunger are modified by age and frailty. Methods  Three groups of subjects were studied: (a) frail elderly (>70 years) persons, ...
Rera Michael - - 2012
Aging is characterized by a growing risk of disease and death, yet the underlying pathophysiology is poorly understood. Indeed, little is known about how the functional decline of individual organ systems relates to the integrative physiology of aging and probability of death of the organism. Here we show that intestinal ...
Bravo Rebolledo Elisa L - - 2012
Abundance of ingested debris by seals has been mentioned as a potential indicator of marine litter in the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). A sample of 107 stomachs, 100 intestines and 125 scats of harbour seals from the Netherlands was analysed for the presence of plastics. Incidence of plastic ...
Popp Christina - - 2012
Botulism is an intoxication caused by exotoxins of Clostridium botulinum. The case of botulism described here occurred on a commercial meat turkey farm with two houses. Toms and hens were maintained in two separate houses, toms in house A and hens in house B. At 10 wk of age, an ...
Gracco Antonio - - 2012
To determine the prevalence of incidental maxillary sinus findings in a large sample of orthodontic patients by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) with a wide field of view and assess the relationships of such abnormalities with age and gender. Five hundred thirteen CBCT scans obtained for orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning ...
Alameel Turki T Division of Gastroenterology, University of Alberta, Edmonton. - - 2012
Digestive symptoms are common in adults. However, little is known about their prevalence in older adults and the association of digestive symptoms with institutionalization and mortality in community-dwelling older adults. Objective: To determine the prevalence of digestive symptoms among older adults in Canada and whether they are associated with increased ...
Medhanie Genet A - - 2012
Brachyspira species are frequent colonizers of the gastrointestinal tract in a variety of domestic animals, including birds. In chickens, Brachyspira species are associated with a clinical condition known as avian intestinal spirochetosis (AIS), a disease characterized by chronic diarrhoea, weight loss, low egg production, and faecal-stained eggs. The purpose of ...
Lahori Manesh M Department of Prosthodontics, KD Dental College and Hospital, Mathura, UP - - 2013
Considering the importance of the occlusal plane orientation in complete denture prostheses, a study was conducted on the relationship between this plane with ala-tragus and Camper's lines in soft tissue among individuals with class I, class II and class III occlusion. The aim of the present study was to define ...
Hernandez Sonia M - - 2012
Baylisascaris procyonis is an intestinal nematode of raccoons (Procyon lotor) that can cause fatal larva migrans in numerous species of birds and mammals, including humans. Historically, this parasite has been rare in the southeastern USA but recently has been reported in eastern Tennessee and isolated parts of Georgia and Florida. ...
Alatise Olusegun Isaac - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the length of the sigmoid colon and sigmoid mesocolon in living subjects and fresh cadavers. METHODS: The subjects for the study were consecutive 50 living subjects undergoing abdominal surgeries via midline incision and 50 fresh cadavers undergoing a medicolegal postmortem at ...
Tanpowpong Pornthep - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether season of birth is associated with celiac disease (CD). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a medical record review of 1964 patients with biopsy-proven CD at 3 teaching hospitals (2 pediatric centers and 1 adult center) between 2000 and 2010. The first positive small intestinal biopsy result defined ...
Rajilić-Stojanović Mirjana - - 2012
The microbiota that colonizes the human intestinal tract is complex and its structure is specific for each of us. In this study we expand the knowledge about the stability of the subject-specific microbiota and show that this ecosystem is stable in short-term intervals (< 1 year) but also during long periods ...
Naem Soraya - - 2012
Hadjelia truncata (Spirurida: Habronematidae) is a nematode found in the gizzard of several avian species. However, it has been reported pathogenic only in pigeons (Columba livia), in which it causes severe ventriculitis. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to study the morphological aspects of adult worms of this nematode in ...
Suzuki Rodrigo Buzinaro RB Department of Genotyping, Hemocenter, Marilia Medical School, Marilia 17519-030, São Paulo, - - 2012
To investigate age, sex, histopathology and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) status, as risk factors for gastroduodenal disease outcome in Brazilian dyspeptic patients. From all 1466 consecutive dyspeptic patients submitted to upper gastroscopy at Hospital das Clinicas of Marilia, antral biopsy specimens were obtained and subjected to histopathology and H. pylori ...
Kheirandish Reza R Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, - - 2014
Coccidiosis is an economically disease that caused by Eimeria spp. Small and large intestines are target tissues of this protozoan parasite. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of coccidial infection and pathology of coccidiosis of goats in Kerman, southeastern Iran, from February 2010 to July 2011. ...
Drago Lorenzo - - 2012
: The aim of this study was to characterize the composition of the intestinal microbiota in healthy centenarians in comparison with younger adults, considering both quantitative and qualitative aspects of gut community structure. : The gut microbiota plays an essential role in human health. Toward seniority, its balance is affected ...
Yamasaki Takahisa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of age on esophageal sensation, and to determine whether esophageal mechanosensitivity and chemosensitivity are correlated in healthy Japanese subjects. METHODS: To evaluate chemosensitivity, a catheter was inserted and placed 10 cm above the upper border of the lower esophageal sphincter ...
Agbaje Jimoh Olubanwo - - 2012
PURPOSE: Defects at the lower border of the mandible may persist after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO). The purpose of this study was to estimate the frequency of lower border defects after BSSO and to identify factors associated with the development of these defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study ...
Verhegghe Marijke - - 2012
A longitudinal study was performed to determine the age at which piglets become colonized with livestock-associated MRSA and the effect of the sow MRSA status on the colonization status of their offspring. On four farrow-to-finish farms (A-D), nasal swabs were collected during a 6-month period from 12 sows and their ...
Granata M - - 2012
Synbiotic dietary supplements are used to modulate the intestinal microbiota in adults; however, studies regarding elderly people are limited. The aim of this work is to determine the effect of regular consumption of yogurt containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) and the fructooligosaccharide (FOS) Actilight(®) both in healthy adults and the ...
Zhang Q - - 2012
Background and aims: atrophic gastritis (AG) and dysplasia are precancerous lesions, with which early surveillance of disease progression is particularly important for patients. The present study aimed to explore potential alarming signals for atrophic gastritis progression towards dysplasia.Methods: clinical data for patients with AG in the Digestive Endoscopy Center of ...
Gökalp S - - 2012
To assess the prevalence and related factors of root caries in Turkish 35-44 and 65-74 year-olds. In this cross-sectional study, using a proportional stratified cluster sampling, 1,631 subjects aged 35-44 years and 1,545 aged 65-74 years were examined. Data were collected via a structured, pre-tested face-to-face administered questionnaire and oral ...
Klusemann Markus J - - 2012
Abstract Differences in physiological, physical, and technical demands of small-sided basketball games related to the number of players, court size, and work-to-rest ratios are not well characterised. A controlled trial was conducted to compare the influence of number of players (2v2/4v4), court size (half/full court) and work-to-rest ratios (4x2.5 min/2x5 min) ...
Matsuhisa Takeshi - - 2012
The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is high, but the incidence of gastric cancer is low in natives of Bangladesh. The gastric mucosa was observed in Bangladeshi patients to investigate the differences between Bangladeshis and Japanese. The study involved 418 Bangladeshi and 2356 Japanese patients with abdominal complaints who ...
Sutra Sumitr - - 2012
The incidence of diarrhea in Thai children under five years of age increased over the last decade while mortality dramatically decreased. To evaluate the effectiveness of MCH services under Universal Coverage Schemes, health outcomes should be performed. To assess the burden and pattern of childhood diarrheal diseases in Thai children ...
Kuriakose Anu - - 2012
The purpose of the study is to determine the thickness of the palatal mucosa by a direct clinical method, and the association of age and gender with the thickness of the palatal mucosa. Forty systemically and periodontally healthy Indian subjects participated in the study. The subjects were categorized according to ...
Torres Jose N - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to report the orthodontic treatment of a patient with extremely delayed development of the maxillary lateral incisors. At 7 years of age, the boy's permanent maxillary lateral incisors had not erupted. A radiograph showed no tooth germs in place, although well-defined radiolucent areas were ...
Kumar Santosh - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the prevalence, demographic and clinical characteristics of transmigrated canines in a south Indian orthodontic patient population. Design: Retrospective observational study. Setting: Manipal University, Manipal, India. Subjects and methods: Panoramic radiographs of 3500 patients were examined and data collected regarding the number and side of transmigrated canines, sex ...
Darsey Drew M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the initial effects of maxillary expansion therapy with Hyrax appliance and to evaluate the related changes in maxillary sinus volume. Thirty patients (20 females, 10 males; 13.8 years) requiring maxillary expansion therapy, as part of their comprehensive orthodontic treatment, were examined. Each ...
Titinchi Fadi - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical and radiologic features of keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOT) and their recurrence patterns. The authors undertook a retrospective analysis of 145 histopathologically proven KCOT. Recurrence was analyzed for age, sex, site, size, radiographic appearance, treatment, and association with nevoid basal cell ...
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