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Satake Hiroshi - - 2013
We conducted a study of Kirner's deformity to investigate its radiologic features and consider its possible causes. Sixty-seven patients with Kirner's deformity, 41 in our series and 26 retrieved in a survey of the literature were investigated. We divided Kirner's deformity into three types according to the site of curvature: ...
Wang Haibo - - 2013
Background:Despite remarkable progression toward polio eradication worldwide, wild poliovirus (WPV) importation has been a great challenge for China, as it shares borders with WPV-endemic countries. The objective of this study was to estimate poliovirus antibody seroprevalance among children < 15 years of age in 3 border provinces (Yunnan Province, Tibet ...
I┼čik Aslan B - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two retraction springs, demonstrating differences in reactivation and constancy of force, on tooth movement during canine distalization. Upper and lower canines of 16 patients (9 females, 7 males; mean age 14.6±1.7 years) with Angle Class I or II malocclusion were included in the study. ...
Joo Young-Eun - - 2013
Atrophic gastritis (AG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) are premalignant gastric lesions. The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of endoscopic AG and IM and to document the risk factors for these lesions. In total, 4,023 subjects were enrolled at eight hospitals in Korea. AG and IM were ...
Diss Lucy B LB School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Brighton, Brighton, United - - 2013
Constipation and fecal impaction are conditions of the bowel whose prevalence increases with age. Limited information is known about how these conditions manifest; however, functional deficits are likely to be due to changes in signaling within the bowel. This study investigated the effects of age on colonic mucosal melatonin (MEL) ...
Röser D - - 2013
The intestinal protozoon Dientamoeba fragilis remains a clinical entity of dubious significance. While several previous studies address questions of epidemiology, only a handful have systematically employed and reported on the results from real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), the best currently available diagnostic modality, and the comparison of results from different ...
Jue Sollid - - 2013
Staphylococcus aureus is a common human commensal but carriage varies between e.g. geographic location, age, gender, ethnicity and body niche. The nares, throat and perineum are the most prevalent sites for carriage in the general adult population. Other sites of the skin and the intestine are also frequently colonised. Thus, ...
Niikura Ryota R Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162-8655, - - 2013
To identify the diagnostic value of colonoscopy for diverticulosis as determined by barium enema. A total of 65 patients with hematochezia who underwent colonoscopy and barium enema were analyzed, and the diagnostic value of colonoscopy for diverticula was assessed. The receiver operating characteristic area under the curve was compared in ...
Robeck Todd R - - 2013
Since its development in bottlenose dolphins, widespread application of AI with sex-selected, frozen-thawed (FT) spermatozoa has been limited by the significant expense of the sorting process. Reducing the total number of progressively motile sperm (PMS) required for an AI would reduce the sorting cost. As such, this research compared the ...
Smart Daniel J - - 2013
Numerous studies have highlighted differences between playing levels and positions in rugby union; however few studies have investigated longitudinal progressions of body composition and physical performance. Between-player differences and within-player changes in body composition, strength, power, speed, and repeated sprint ability, from 1161 New Zealand rugby union players from 2004-2007, ...
Terpend Kathleen - - 2013
Current prebiotics, such as fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), are limited in their persistence in the distal colon and are predominantly fermented in the proximal colon. In order to identify a potential alternative, the differences in the fermentation profile of arabinogalactan (AG) and FOS have been assessed in the Simulator of the Human ...
Kraabøl M - - 2013
The last of 12 brown trout Salmo trutta stocked in a small pond in south-east Norway in 1979 were caught in July 2011. These fish represent a curiosity regarding longevity and growth pattern, and ageing from otoliths was consistent with the known life history of this specimen. Despite almost total ...
Kato Kentaro K Department of Parasitology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Sakamoto, Nagasaki, - - 2013
In this study, the in vitro effects of amodiaquine (AQ) monotherapy on the egg output of paired adult Schistosoma mansoni worms and their survival during in vitro culture were assessed. In addition, the gross morphological alterations of male and female worms caused by AQ were visually observed under a dissecting ...
Whyte Lisa A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis of coeliac disease (CD) has increased in frequency, particularly since the accuracy of serological antibody testing has improved. Previous studies from South Wales have shown an increase in the frequency of diagnosis from 1983 to 2004 with a decrease in specific gastro-intestinal symptoms, as well as an ...
Teitelbaum Ezra N - - 2013
Few studies have measured small bowel length (SBL) in live humans and many textbooks base their "normal" SBL values on cadaver data. Here, we present a series of intraoperative SBL measurements and analyze predictors of increased length. SBL from ligament of Treitz to ileocecal valve was measured in patients undergoing ...
Naem Soraya - - 2013
Physaloptera rara (Spirurida: Physalopteridae) has been found in dogs, coyotes, raccoons, wolves, foxes, cats, and bobcats in North America. The parasites' developmental cycles involve insects, including beetles, cockroaches, and crickets, as intermediate hosts. The nematodes firmly attach to the wall of the stomach and duodenum, where they feed on the ...
Ridge Carole Ann - - 2013
: To determine the best radiographic landmark for the cavoatrial junction (CAJ) using electrocardiographic-gated, 64-row multidetector coronary computed tomographic angiography (CTA). : Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. Patient age, sex, weight, and height were recorded. The CAJ was localized by 2 readers using multiplanar CTA, cross-referenced with a scout ...
Egito Emanuelle Tenório B N do - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of children submitted to ostomy for intestinal discharge. METHODS: A descriptive case series was carried out including 30 children aged up to ten years old submitted to colostomy or ileostomy at the pediatric surgery unit of Institute of Medicine Professor Fernando Figueira, Recife, Pernambuco. ...
Rundle Andrew A Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, 722 West 168th Street, Room730, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2013
To determine whether body mass index (BMI) is associated with proximity to neighborhood parks, the size of the parks, their cleanliness, and the availability of recreational facilities in the parks. Cross-sectional. New York City. Adults (13,102) were recruited from 2000 to 2002 (median age 45 years, 36% male). Anthropometric and ...
Phillips Robert J RJ Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2081, USA. - - 2013
With age, alpha-synuclein (α-SYNC) misfolds and forms insoluble deposits of protein in the myenteric plexus, leading presumably to dystrophy and degeneration in the circuitry controlling gastrointestinal (GI) function. The present experiment examined aggregates of α-SYNC in the aging small intestine and investigated how macrophages in the wall of the GI ...
Gürses Dolunay - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cardiac functions and age-related changes of these functions in full-term small for gestational age infants during the first 3 months of life. METHODS: Cardiac functions of 20 term small for gestational age and 20 term appropriate for gestational age infants ...
Klingspor S - - 2013
Probiotics have been shown to have positive effects on growth performance traits and the health of farm animals. The objective of the study was to examine whether the probiotic strain Enterococcus faecium NCIMB 10415 (E. faecium) changes the absorptive and secretory transport and barrier properties of piglet jejunum in vitro ...
Sconfienza Luca Maria - - 2013
Purpose:To evaluate the use of axial-strain real-time sonoelastography in patients with plantar fasciitis compared with that in healthy control subjects.Materials and Methods:Institutional review board approval and patients' consent were obtained. Eighty feet of 80 patients (43 men, 37 women; mean age ± standard deviation, 46.3 years ± 8.7) with plantar ...
Ghassemi A - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the plaque removal effectiveness of a new children's powered toothbrush and compare it to that of a manual brush. This examiner-blind, randomized study used a cross-over design. One-hundred and five qualifying male and female subjects (52 ages 8-12 and 53 ages 13-17) ...
Correa Marcos Britto - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and characteristics of oral lesions and oral self-examination and the association between these variables and life course determinants in a young population. A representative sample (n = 720) of all births occurring in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, ...
Rampelli S - - 2013
Objectives: Evaluation of the impact of a biscuit containing the probiotics Bifidobacterium longum Bar33 and Lactobacillus helveticus Bar13 on the intestinal microbiota in the elderly. Design: Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Participants: Thirty-two elderly volunteers living in Italy. The group was composed of 19 women and 13 men aged between 71 ...
Taylor William A - - 2013
The abundance and distribution of parasitic helminths in populations of African buffaloes, Syncerus caffer, have not been well documented. A total of 28 buffaloes of different ages and sexeswere sampled in the Kruger National Park, South Africa, for nematodes of the small intestine. Three nematode species were identified, namely Cooperia fuelleborni, Cooperia hungi ...
Epars Jean-Francois - - 2013
A successful inferior alveolar nerve block anesthesia necessitates knowledge of the exact location of the mandibular foramen. The aim of this study was to determine whether the location of the mandibular foramen is related to the age or the vertical facial morphology of the patient. Lateral cephalometric radiographs from 145 ...
Brena Carlo - - 2013
Most geophilomorph centipedes show intraspecific variability in the number of leg-bearing segments. This intraspecific variability generally has a component that is related to sex, with females having on average more segments than males. Neither the developmental basis nor the adaptive role of this dimorphism is known. To determine when this ...
Anuradha Br - - 2013
Aim: To treat mucogingival problems palatal masticatory mucosa is used as a donor material. This study aimed to determine the thickness of donor palatal mucosa and associations of age and gender in Indian subjects aged 14 to 60 years by direct clinical technique. Materials and methods: Forty systemically and periodontally ...
Walzer Andreas - - 2013
Food limitation early in life may be compensated for by developmental plasticity resulting in accelerated development enhancing survival at the expense of small adult body size. However and especially for females in non-matching maternal and offspring environments, being smaller than the standard may incur considerable intra- and trans-generational costs. Here, ...
Angrisani Rosanna Mariangela Giaffredo - - 2013
To characterize the Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) of small for gestational age preterm newborns and to compare the findings to those of appropriate for gestational age premature newborns in order to verify whether the small for gestational age condition is a risk factor for hearing loss. This prospective cross-sectional multicenter ...
Tam Clarence C CC Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK. - - 2013
Infectious intestinal disease (IID) is a major health and economic burden in high-income countries. In the UK, there are an estimated 17 million IID cases annually, of which 6 million are caused by the 12 most common pathogens. Host factors that influence risk of IID are not well understood. We ...
Kluge Nikita J NJ Department of Entomology, Biological Faculty, Saint-Petersburg State University, University Embankment 7, 199034 Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation; Email: - - 2013
The first representative of the subgenus Helvetoraeticus Bauernfeind & Soldán, 2012, from the Caucasus Mountains, Ecdyonurus (Helvetoraeticus) adjaricus sp. nov., is described on the basis of larvae, female imago (reared from larva) and male imago from the Autonomous Republic of Adjara, Georgia. The male imago of the new species can be separated ...
Shet Rgk R Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, College of Medical Sciences and Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur-10, Chitwan, - - 2013
Geriatric dentistry or gerodontics is the delivery of dental care to older adults involving the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of problems associated with normal aging and age-related diseases as part of an interdisciplinary team with other health care professionals. Aim: To evaluate the oral mucosal status in the elderly population ...
Kobayashi Toshio T Miyagi University, Hatadate, Taihaku-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 982-0215, Japan ; RIKEN, Benno Laboratory, Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, - - 2013
The intestinal microbiota compositions of 92 men living in Japan were identified following consumption of identical meals for 3 days. Fecal samples were analyzed by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism with 4 primer-restriction enzyme systems, and the 120 obtained operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were analyzed by Data mining software focusing ...
Shah Syed Inamullah - - 2013
Presentation of jeujunoileal diverticulosis in young age is virtually unknown. It is associated with middle or old age. It is usually asymptomatic but may present with vague abdominal pain and episodic nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea. It can lead to complications like bleeding, perforation and obstruction. We had 3 cases of ...
Jin J S - - 2012
The intestinal microbiota composition of 92 volunteers living in Japan was identified following the consumption of 'identical meals' (1,879 kcal/day) for 3 days. When faecal samples were analysed by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism with several primer-restriction enzyme systems and then clustered, the patterns could be divided into 2 clusters. ...
Caetano Raul R Dallas Regional Campus, University of Texas School of Public Health, Dallas, TX 75390-9128, USA. - - 2013
This paper examines the prevalence, the symptom profile, and the drinking and sociodemographic predictors of current (past 12 months) DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence among Mexican Americans living along the U.S.-Mexico border and those living in metropolitan areas away from the border. Respondents in the non-border areas (primarily Houston and ...
Serra-Prat M - - 2012
Background  The mechanisms involved in anorexia in frail elderly people remain unclear. The objective of this study was to establish whether fasting and postprandial levels of gastrointestinal peptides, gastrointestinal motility, and hunger are modified by age and frailty. Methods  Three groups of subjects were studied: (a) frail elderly (>70 years) persons, ...
Rera Michael - - 2012
Aging is characterized by a growing risk of disease and death, yet the underlying pathophysiology is poorly understood. Indeed, little is known about how the functional decline of individual organ systems relates to the integrative physiology of aging and probability of death of the organism. Here we show that intestinal ...
Bravo Rebolledo Elisa L - - 2012
Abundance of ingested debris by seals has been mentioned as a potential indicator of marine litter in the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). A sample of 107 stomachs, 100 intestines and 125 scats of harbour seals from the Netherlands was analysed for the presence of plastics. Incidence of plastic ...
Popp Christina - - 2012
Botulism is an intoxication caused by exotoxins of Clostridium botulinum. The case of botulism described here occurred on a commercial meat turkey farm with two houses. Toms and hens were maintained in two separate houses, toms in house A and hens in house B. At 10 wk of age, an ...
Gracco Antonio - - 2012
To determine the prevalence of incidental maxillary sinus findings in a large sample of orthodontic patients by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) with a wide field of view and assess the relationships of such abnormalities with age and gender. Five hundred thirteen CBCT scans obtained for orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning ...
Alameel Turki T Division of Gastroenterology, University of Alberta, Edmonton. - - 2012
Digestive symptoms are common in adults. However, little is known about their prevalence in older adults and the association of digestive symptoms with institutionalization and mortality in community-dwelling older adults. To determine the prevalence of digestive symptoms among older adults in Canada and whether they are associated with increased risk ...
Medhanie Genet A - - 2012
Brachyspira species are frequent colonizers of the gastrointestinal tract in a variety of domestic animals, including birds. In chickens, Brachyspira species are associated with a clinical condition known as avian intestinal spirochetosis (AIS), a disease characterized by chronic diarrhoea, weight loss, low egg production, and faecal-stained eggs. The purpose of ...
Lahori Manesh M Department of Prosthodontics, KD Dental College and Hospital, Mathura, UP - - 2013
Considering the importance of the occlusal plane orientation in complete denture prostheses, a study was conducted on the relationship between this plane with ala-tragus and Camper's lines in soft tissue among individuals with class I, class II and class III occlusion. The aim of the present study was to define ...
Hernandez Sonia M - - 2012
Baylisascaris procyonis is an intestinal nematode of raccoons (Procyon lotor) that can cause fatal larva migrans in numerous species of birds and mammals, including humans. Historically, this parasite has been rare in the southeastern USA but recently has been reported in eastern Tennessee and isolated parts of Georgia and Florida. ...
Alatise Olusegun Isaac - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the length of the sigmoid colon and sigmoid mesocolon in living subjects and fresh cadavers. METHODS: The subjects for the study were consecutive 50 living subjects undergoing abdominal surgeries via midline incision and 50 fresh cadavers undergoing a medicolegal postmortem at ...
Tanpowpong Pornthep - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether season of birth is associated with celiac disease (CD). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a medical record review of 1964 patients with biopsy-proven CD at 3 teaching hospitals (2 pediatric centers and 1 adult center) between 2000 and 2010. The first positive small intestinal biopsy result defined ...
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