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Gharbi M - - 2013
This cross-sectional study is the first to estimate the prevalence of cattle pediculosis in Tunisia. A total of 39 cattle farms in the region of Nabeul in north-east Tunisia were visited and lice were collected by intensively brushing 789 cattle. The prevalence was estimated to be 20.5% on the farms ...
Wołczuk K - - 2013
Post-natal growth of the gastrointestinal tract of the Siberian hamster was studied in newborn and 3-, 7-, 14-, 21-, 42- and 90-day-old animals. Morphometric measurements and calculations were carried out: length and internal surface of gastrointestinal tract segments, size (height, width, surface) and density of villi as well as allometric ...
Ohura Kayoko - - 2013
The age-associated alteration in expression levels of carboxylesterases (CESs) can affect both intestinal and hepatic first-pass metabolism after oral administration of xenobiotic esters such as prodrugs. In this study, the age-related expression of CES isozymes and hydrolase activities were simultaneously investigated in liver, jejunum and ileum from 8-, 46- and ...
Yalçin S - - 2013
Abstract 1. The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of breeder age and egg weight on hatching performance and morphological changes in segments of the small intestine of broiler chicks during a 21h hatch window. 2. Eggs from Ross broiler breeder flocks at 29 (young) and 48 ...
Gress Brian E - - 2014
Recent work suggests that the yellow dung fly mating system may include alternative patroller-competitor mating tactics in which large males compete for gravid females on dung, whereas small, non-competitive males search for females at foraging sites. Small males obtain most matings off pasture, yet the behavioural mechanism(s) giving rise to ...
Stenström Pernilla P Department of Pediatric Surgery, Skåne University Hospital Lund and the Institution of Clinical Research, Lund University, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gender specific outcome for children with anorectal malformations (ARM) is rarely reported although it is important for medical care and in parent counseling. To assess bowel function according to the Krickenbeck system in relation to ARM-subtype, gender and age. All children born with ARM in 1998-2008 and referred to two ...
Bano Riffat R Department of Obstetric and Gynae, Aga Khan Hospital for Woman, - - 2013
The objective of the study was to determine the frequency and outcome of Small for Gestational Age (SGA) foetuses, and its association with the mode of delivery, foetal birthweight, maternal age and gestational age. It was a hospital-based descriptive study, conducted at Aga Khan Hospital for Women, Karachi, from January ...
Florian Maria Carolina MC Department of Dermatology and Allergic Diseases, University of Ulm, 89091 Ulm, - - 2013
Many organs with a high cell turnover (for example, skin, intestine and blood) are composed of short-lived cells that require continuous replenishment by somatic stem cells. Ageing results in the inability of these tissues to maintain homeostasis and it is believed that somatic stem-cell ageing is one underlying cause of ...
Moffett Elizabeth A - - 2013
As the sacrum contributes to the size and shape of the birth canal, the sexually dimorphic sacrum of humans is frequently interpreted within obstetric contexts. However, while the human sacrum has been extensively studied, comparatively little is known about sacral morphology in nonhuman primates. Thus, it remains unclear whether sacral ...
Peeran Syed Wali - - 2013
This study aimed to assess toothbrushing behavior and descriptively analyze the effect of age and gender. Two thousand and six people from the city of Sebha, Libya, aged 1 to 64 years (mean age 26.9 ± 11.6 years, 1,463 females and 543 males) constituted the study sample. Data was collected ...
Stansfield F J - - 2013
This study aimed to determine whether the follicle reserve in the ovary of the African elephant declines progressively after puberty and whether its depletion constrains the fertility of older females. Elephant ovaries were fixed in 4% neutral buffered formalin and small-follicle counts made using stereological protocols. Excepting a slight rise ...
Martins Regina Helena Garcia - - 2013
Presbyphonia is a physiological process of aging voice that includes morphological changes in the coverage mucosa, muscle, and cartilage. We revised the morphological, endoscopic, and vocal acoustic changes that occur in presbyphonia and discussed some treatments proposed to minimize glottal incompetence and improve vocal performance of the elderly.
Phillips Robert J - - 2013
It is well documented that the intrinsic enteric nervous system of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract sustains neuronal losses and reorganizes as it ages. In contrast, age-related remodeling of the extrinsic sympathetic projections to the wall of the gut is poorly characterized. The present experiment, therefore, surveyed the sympathetic projections to ...
Herbinger K-H - - 2013
Anaemia is a frequently diagnosed condition which can develop as a consequence of numerous factors, including infectious diseases (IDs). Travelling, especially in sub-/tropical regions, leads to an elevated risk of contracting IDs. The aim of our study was to assess the epidemiological significance of IDs in inducing anaemia among a ...
den Hartog Gerco - - 2013
Immunoglobulins play an important role in maintenance of mucosal homeostasis in the gut. The antigen binding specificity of these immunoglobulins depends for a large part on the hypervariable CDR3 region. To gain knowledge about isotype-specific development of the CDR3 repertoire we examined CDR3 spectratypes at multiple time points between 4 ...
Penders John - - 2013
Perturbations in the intestinal microbiota may disrupt mechanisms involved in the development of immunologic tolerance. The present study aimed to examine the establishment of the infant microbiota and its association to the development of atopic dermatitis (AD). Within a randomized, placebo-controlled trial on the prevention of AD by oral supplementation of a ...
Lee Matthew Kun - - 2013
Objective Ptosis of the submandibular glands is a well-recognized yet poorly quantified element of the aging face and neck. The goal of this study is to describe and quantify the rate and extent of age-related submandibular gland ptosis. A novel grading system is proposed to quantify the degree of descent ...
Jordan Ra - - 2013
To investigate interproximal biofilm reduction with an angled interdental brush as compared to a straight interdental brush (standard control) in a clinical, single-centre, single-blind, controlled, parallel-group trial. Recruitment and examinations of the subjects were performed at the Witten/Herdecke University School of Dental Medicine. 128 volunteers, aged 20-65 years, were recruited and ...
Na Hyun-Jin - - 2013
Age-related changes in stem cells could have a profound impact on tissue aging and the development of age-related diseases such as cancer. However, the effects of metformin, a recently recognized anti-cancer drug, on stem cell aging remain largely unknown. In the present study, an experiment was set up to investigate ...
Tran Lee L Oklahoma Center for Neuroscience, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, OK73104, - - 2013
Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract are common in the elderly people; however, the precise trait(s) of aging that contribute to the vulnerability of the gastrointestinal tract are poorly understood. Recent evidence suggests that patients with gastrointestinal disorders have increased intestinal permeability. Here, we address the hypothesis that disruption of the ...
Goto Eita - - 2013
A highly sensitive and simple screening procedure is required for early detection of low birthweight and small for gestational age, especially in developing countries. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate use of symphysis-fundal height for prediction of low birthweight and small for gestational age. PubMed (MEDLINE) and other databases were ...
Roselino Lourenço de Moraes Rego - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of brushing and artificial accelerated ageing (AAA) on colour stability and surface roughness of aesthetic restorative materials. One hundred and twenty specimens (12mm diameter×2mm thick), 40 of each material (n=8) were obtained using nanosized composite Z350 (3M ESPE), nanohybrid composite ...
Rajbhandari M M Dhulikhel Hospital- Kathmandu University Hospital, Kathmandu University School of medical Science, Kavre, - - 2013
Colonoscopy is the method to visualize the mucosa of the entire colon and terminal ileum to detect the intestinal abnormalities and obtain biopsy for definitive diagnosis. For clinical decisions in the diagnosis of various colonic lesions unambiguous interpretation of colorectal biopsies is necessary. Objectives To assess the prevalence pattern of ...
Mossie Andualem - - 2013
Khat (Catha edulis Forsk), is the psychostimulant herb cultivated in East Africa. Khat chewing could have health damaging effect. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between khat chewing and intestinal parasitic infestation. A cross sectional study was conducted in Jimma Town in July 2010. Structured ...
Bisht Ravindra S RS Department of Otorhinolaryngology, VCSGGMS and RI, Srinagar Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, - - 2013
This cross-sectional study was conducted to correlate the clinical picture, causative factors of leukoplakia with its histopathology in the patients of Garhwal hill region. The study was carried out on indoor and outdoor patients of Department of Otorhinolaryngology, HNB Base Hospital, Srinagar, Garhwal, Uttarakhand. Patients were interviewed by a predesigned ...
Rasmussen M M - - 2013
Study design:Clinical study.Objectives:To explore how supraconal spinal cord injury (SCI) affects colorectal emptying at defecation. Further, to relate findings to subject symptomatology expressed by bowel function scores and gastrointestinal transit time (GITT).Setting:Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark.Methods:Colorectal contents were marked by oral intake of (111)In-coated resin pellets. Movement of stools at defecation ...
Gómez Victoria - - 2013
There has been an increased use of capsule endoscopy for the evaluation of small-intestine pathology in very elderly patients, yet the safety profile of this procedure has not been well-established. To estimate the adverse event rate of capsule endoscopy in patients aged ≥80 years and to compare this rate with that ...
Das Sumon Kumar - - 2013
Between 1993 and 2011, a total of 371 intestinal amebiasis (IA), caused by Entamoeba histolytica cases were compared with 1,113 shigellosis (randomly selected) patients of icddr,b, excluding co-infections (rotavirus and Vibrio cholerae) in two age stratums: 0-14 years of age and ≥ 15 years of age. The number of IA ...
Etsuko Nomura - - 2013
To clarify the incidence of soft tissue sarcoma and gastrointestinal stromal sarcoma in Osaka, Japan, we analyzed Osaka Cancer Registry's data. We identified a total of 6998 cases, except for those of bones and joints, during 1978-2007. The age-adjusted incidence rate of those sarcomas was 2.7 per 100 000 (male ...
Bush Nicol Corbin - - 2013
PURPOSE: There are no reports of systematically-measured penile dimensions in boys with varying extents of hypospadias. To determine reference values, we prospectively measured maximum glans width in patients undergoing distal and proximal hypospadias repair as well as newborns undergoing elective circumcision. METHODS: The maximum glans diameter was measured in consecutive ...
Steele Jillian J Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, HSC 2530, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N - - 2013
Gastrointestinal parasite diversity was characterised for two adjacent populations of west Greenland caribou (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus) through examinations of abomasa and small intestines collected from adult and subadult females during late winter. Three trichostrongyline (Trichostrongylina: Nematoda) species were identified from the abomasa, although none were recovered from the small intestines, ...
Satake Hiroshi - - 2013
We conducted a study of Kirner's deformity to investigate its radiologic features and consider its possible causes. Sixty-seven patients with Kirner's deformity, 41 in our series and 26 retrieved in a survey of the literature were investigated. We divided Kirner's deformity into three types according to the site of curvature: ...
Wang Haibo - - 2013
Background:Despite remarkable progression toward polio eradication worldwide, wild poliovirus (WPV) importation has been a great challenge for China, as it shares borders with WPV-endemic countries. The objective of this study was to estimate poliovirus antibody seroprevalance among children < 15 years of age in 3 border provinces (Yunnan Province, Tibet ...
Işik Aslan B - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two retraction springs, demonstrating differences in reactivation and constancy of force, on tooth movement during canine distalization. Upper and lower canines of 16 patients (9 females, 7 males; mean age 14.6±1.7 years) with Angle Class I or II malocclusion were included in the study. ...
Joo Young-Eun - - 2013
Atrophic gastritis (AG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) are premalignant gastric lesions. The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of endoscopic AG and IM and to document the risk factors for these lesions. In total, 4,023 subjects were enrolled at eight hospitals in Korea. AG and IM were ...
Diss Lucy B LB School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Brighton, Brighton, United - - 2013
Constipation and fecal impaction are conditions of the bowel whose prevalence increases with age. Limited information is known about how these conditions manifest; however, functional deficits are likely to be due to changes in signaling within the bowel. This study investigated the effects of age on colonic mucosal melatonin (MEL) ...
Röser D - - 2013
The intestinal protozoon Dientamoeba fragilis remains a clinical entity of dubious significance. While several previous studies address questions of epidemiology, only a handful have systematically employed and reported on the results from real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), the best currently available diagnostic modality, and the comparison of results from different ...
Jue Sollid - - 2013
Staphylococcus aureus is a common human commensal but carriage varies between e.g. geographic location, age, gender, ethnicity and body niche. The nares, throat and perineum are the most prevalent sites for carriage in the general adult population. Other sites of the skin and the intestine are also frequently colonised. Thus, ...
Niikura Ryota R Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162-8655, - - 2013
To identify the diagnostic value of colonoscopy for diverticulosis as determined by barium enema. A total of 65 patients with hematochezia who underwent colonoscopy and barium enema were analyzed, and the diagnostic value of colonoscopy for diverticula was assessed. The receiver operating characteristic area under the curve was compared in ...
Robeck Todd R - - 2013
Since its development in bottlenose dolphins, widespread application of AI with sex-selected, frozen-thawed (FT) spermatozoa has been limited by the significant expense of the sorting process. Reducing the total number of progressively motile sperm (PMS) required for an AI would reduce the sorting cost. As such, this research compared the ...
Smart Daniel J - - 2013
Numerous studies have highlighted differences between playing levels and positions in rugby union; however few studies have investigated longitudinal progressions of body composition and physical performance. Between-player differences and within-player changes in body composition, strength, power, speed, and repeated sprint ability, from 1161 New Zealand rugby union players from 2004-2007, ...
Terpend Kathleen - - 2013
Current prebiotics, such as fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), are limited in their persistence in the distal colon and are predominantly fermented in the proximal colon. In order to identify a potential alternative, the differences in the fermentation profile of arabinogalactan (AG) and FOS have been assessed in the Simulator of the Human ...
Kraabøl M - - 2013
The last of 12 brown trout Salmo trutta stocked in a small pond in south-east Norway in 1979 were caught in July 2011. These fish represent a curiosity regarding longevity and growth pattern, and ageing from otoliths was consistent with the known life history of this specimen. Despite almost total ...
Kato Kentaro K Department of Parasitology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Sakamoto, Nagasaki, - - 2013
In this study, the in vitro effects of amodiaquine (AQ) monotherapy on the egg output of paired adult Schistosoma mansoni worms and their survival during in vitro culture were assessed. In addition, the gross morphological alterations of male and female worms caused by AQ were visually observed under a dissecting ...
Whyte Lisa A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis of coeliac disease (CD) has increased in frequency, particularly since the accuracy of serological antibody testing has improved. Previous studies from South Wales have shown an increase in the frequency of diagnosis from 1983 to 2004 with a decrease in specific gastro-intestinal symptoms, as well as an ...
Teitelbaum Ezra N - - 2013
Few studies have measured small bowel length (SBL) in live humans and many textbooks base their "normal" SBL values on cadaver data. Here, we present a series of intraoperative SBL measurements and analyze predictors of increased length. SBL from ligament of Treitz to ileocecal valve was measured in patients undergoing ...
Naem Soraya - - 2013
Physaloptera rara (Spirurida: Physalopteridae) has been found in dogs, coyotes, raccoons, wolves, foxes, cats, and bobcats in North America. The parasites' developmental cycles involve insects, including beetles, cockroaches, and crickets, as intermediate hosts. The nematodes firmly attach to the wall of the stomach and duodenum, where they feed on the ...
Ridge Carole Ann - - 2013
: To determine the best radiographic landmark for the cavoatrial junction (CAJ) using electrocardiographic-gated, 64-row multidetector coronary computed tomographic angiography (CTA). : Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. Patient age, sex, weight, and height were recorded. The CAJ was localized by 2 readers using multiplanar CTA, cross-referenced with a scout ...
Egito Emanuelle Tenório B N do - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of children submitted to ostomy for intestinal discharge. METHODS: A descriptive case series was carried out including 30 children aged up to ten years old submitted to colostomy or ileostomy at the pediatric surgery unit of Institute of Medicine Professor Fernando Figueira, Recife, Pernambuco. ...
Rundle Andrew A Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, 722 West 168th Street, Room730, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2013
To determine whether body mass index (BMI) is associated with proximity to neighborhood parks, the size of the parks, their cleanliness, and the availability of recreational facilities in the parks. Cross-sectional. New York City. Adults (13,102) were recruited from 2000 to 2002 (median age 45 years, 36% male). Anthropometric and ...
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