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Warwick Richard R Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
Intestinal ischemia is associated with a very high mortality rate. We combined the principles of Virchow's triad to produce preoperative and postoperative models for the development of intestinal ischemia. A single institutional study was undertaken involving 18,325 consecutive patients from April 1997 to March 2012. Univariate and multivariate analysis was ...
Patel Bhavik Anil BA School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, Huxley Building, University of Brighton, Lewes Road, Brighton BN2 4GJ, - - 2014
Ageing is associated with an increased incidence of constipation in humans. The contribution that the ageing process makes to this condition is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of age on faecal output and colonic motility in male C57BL/6J mice and to determine the role ...
Melamed Nir N Maternal-Fetal Medicine Division (Placenta Clinic), Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto - - 2014
An increasingly common challenge in antenatal care of the small for gestational age (SGA) fetus is the distinction between the constitutionally (physiologically) small fetus and the fetus affected by pathological intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). We discuss here the rationale and the evidence for the use of customized growth percentiles for ...
Pereira Felipe Bisaggio - - 2014
A new nematode species, Comephoronema multipapillatum sp. n. (Cystidicolidae), is described from the anterior intestine and caecum of the squirrelfish Holocentrus adscensionis (Osbeck) (Beryciformes: Holocentridae) collected in Angra dos Reis, State of Rio de Janeiro, offshore Brazil. The new species was placed in Comephoronema Layman, 1933 by having an oval ...
Cafiero G G Sport Medicine Unit, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, - - 2014
Small for gestational age (SGA) refers to a child whose weight and, or, length at birth is less than a -2 standard deviation score (SDS) (1). Subjects born SGA have an increased risk of developing permanent metabolic changes as a result of intrauterine programming, leading to increased cardiometabolic risk in ...
Lebwohl B B Celiac Disease Center, Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA; Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital and Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Villous atrophy (VA) with intraepithelial lymphocytosis is the histological hallmark of coeliac disease (CD), but reported rates of mucosal recovery are variable. To determine the impact of age and other demographic variables on the probability of persistent VA on follow-up biopsy. We identified patients with VA on duodenal histology at ...
Bozzola Mauro - - 2014
The clinical spectrum for celiac disease (CD) is broad and includes cases with either typical (intestinal) or atypical (extraintestinal) features, often making the diagnosis of CD very difficult.We describe the case of a girl presenting with stunted growth and malnourishment. She was evaluated at 14 months for decreased growth rate ...
Qumseya Bashar B Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida, - - 2014
OBJECTIVES:Few studies have assessed the effect of gender on remission rates after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of Barrett's esophagus (BE). We aim to assess the effect of gender on the time to achieve complete remission of intestinal metaplasia (CRIM) among patients with BE, who underwent RFA.METHODS:This was a retrospective, observational study ...
Tun Hein Min HM School of Biological Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong - - 2014
Recent studies have described the bacterial community residing in the guts of giant pandas, together with the presence of lignocellulolytic enzymes. However, a more comprehensive understanding of the intestinal microbial composition and its functional capacity in giant pandas remains a major goal. Here, we conducted a comparison of bacterial, fungal ...
Dhanabal Jeevitha J Department of Biochemistry, Sathyabama University Dental College & Hospitals, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Sholinganallur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600119, - - 2014
Intestinal parasites cause one of the most important health problems through their effects in causing undernourishment morbidity and incapacitation due to their behavior particularly in children compared to adults. This study was intended to state the prevalence of intestinal parasites between the slum dwellers of different areas in south Chennai. ...
Croy Ilona I Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Odors are powerful emotional stimuli influencing mood, attention and behavior. Here we examined if odors change the perception of pleasant touch. In line with the warning function of the olfactory system, we proposed that especially unpleasant odors will reduce touch pleasantness, presumably through a disgust-related mechanism. Forty-five healthy participants (mean ...
Cúrdia Gonçalves Tiago T Gastroenterology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Alto Ave, 4831-044 Guimarães, - - 2014
Background and Aim. Angioectasias are the most common vascular anomalies found in the gastrointestinal tract. In small bowel (SB), they can cause obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) and in this setting, small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) is an important diagnostic tool. This study aimed to identify predictive factors for the presence ...
Valentini Luzia L Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Section of Nutritional Medicine, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Abstract It is not yet clear whether intestinal mucosal permeability changes with advancing age in humans. This question is of high importance for drug and nutrition approaches for older adults. Our main objective was to answer the question if small intestinal barrier integrity deteriorates with healthy aging. We conducted a ...
Steele Amanda K AK Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, United States of - - 2014
Systemic inflammation is a characteristic of both HIV-1 infection and aging ("inflammaging"). Intestinal epithelial barrier damage (IEBD) and microbial translocation (MT) contribute to HIV-associated inflammation, but their impact on inflammaging remains unclear. Plasma biomarkers for IEBD (iFABP), MT (LPS, sCD14), T-cell activation (sCD27), and inflammation (hsCRP, IL-6) were measured in ...
Olate Sergio S Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Universidad de La Frontera Chile ; Center for Biomedical Research, Universidad Autónoma de Chile - - 2014
Sjögren's Syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune pathology of varying prevalence. Its involvement in exocrine glands requires that greater attention be paid to patients' oral health. A cross-sectional study was designed to assess the oral health of subjects with SS in constant medical follow-ups. Variables such as the presence of periodontal ...
Kobayashi Toshio T Miyagi University, 2-2-1 Hatadate, Taihaku-ku, Sendai City, Miyagi 982-0215, Japan ; RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, - - 2014
The composition of the intestinal microbiota was measured following consumption of identical meals for 3 days in 92 Japanese men, and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) was used to analyze their feces. The obtained operational taxonomic units (OTUs) and the subjects' ages were classified by using Data mining (DM) ...
Yaman Duygu D 1. Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to clinically investigate the mucosal variations in different parts of hard palate subject to soft tissue harvesting and its relationship with selected parameters in patients with gingival recessions. Fifty periodontally healthy, dentate subjects (13 males) with gingival recessions were enrolled into the study. After ...
Kaiser Eva - - 2014
The objective of this research was to evaluate a current store brand (SB) brush head for composition/physical characteristics, Wear Index (WI), and cleaning efficacy versus the previous SB brush head refill design (SB control) and the Oral-B Precision Clean brush head (positive control, PC). This research consisted of three parts: ...
Duran L - - 2014
Cardiac contusion is an important cause of mortality after blunt chest trauma (BCT). The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of the usage of aminoguanidine (AG), in myocardial damage occurring after BCT, alone and in combination with methylprednisolone (MP).   Thirty-five female Wistar albino rats were ...
Li Yao-Dong YD Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, China - - 2014
Background We compared cardiac electrophysiological indicators and regional expression levels of cardiac hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels between adult and aged dogs to identify possible mechanisms of age-related atrial fibrillation. Material and Methods Corrected sinus node recovery time (SNRTc) and effective refractory period (ERP) of the atrium and pulmonary veins ...
Candela Marco M Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Sharing an intense transgenomic metabolism with the host, the intestinal microbiota is an essential factor for several aspects of the human physiology. However, several age-related factors, such as changes diet, lifestyle, inflammation and frailty, force the deterioration of this intestinal microbiota-host mutualistic interaction, compromising the possibility to reach longevity. In ...
Saffrey M Jill MJ Department of Life Health and Chemical Sciences, Biomedical Research Network, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK, - - 2013
Gastrointestinal disorders are a major cause of morbidity in the elderly population. The gastrointestinal tract is the most complex organ system; its diverse cells perform a range of functions essential to life, not only secretion, digestion, absorption and excretion, but also, very importantly, defence. The gastrointestinal tract acts not only ...
Rampelli Simone S Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2013
Age-related alterations in human gut microbiota composition have been thoroughly described, but a detailed functional description of the intestinal bacterial coding capacity is still missing. In order to elucidate the contribution of the gut metagenome to the complex mosaic of human longevity, we applied shotgun sequencing to total fecal bacterial ...
Wang Lifeng L Key Laboratory of Dairy Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Education Ministry of P. R. China, Department of Food Science and Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Huhhot, P. R. - - 2014
Probiotics may improve intestinal health by modulating intestinal microbiota. However, the age-related variation in response to probiotic consumption is understudied. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of oral consumption of Lactobacillus plantarum P-8 (Lp-8) on human intestinal microflora, secretary immunoglobulin A (SIgA), total bile acids (TBAs), ...
Faubladier Céline - - 2013
This study assessed the time-scale variability of bacterial community structure in foal feces from birth to 365 days of age using Automated Ribosomal Intergenic Spacer Analysis (ARISA). Fecal samples were collected from five foals two hours after birth (meconium) and in the morning at days 1, 2, 5, 10, 30, ...
Lodemann U - - 2013
Enterococcus faecium NCIMB 10415 is a licensed probiotic for piglets that has been shown to positively affect diarrhoea incidence and to act on transport properties and immunological parameters in the porcine intestine. The aim of the present study was to examine its effects on jejunal absorptive and secretory capacities around ...
Hashemipour Maryam Alsadat MA 1)Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. 2)Kerman Dental and Oral Diseases Research Center, Kerman, - - 2013
The present study was conducted to evaluate keratinization as well as nuclear and cytoplasmic changes of oral epithelial cells among smokers, opium addicts and non-smokers through exfoliative cytology technique. Smears of buccal mucosa and mouth floor were collected from 300 males (100 smokers, 100 opium addicts and 100 non-smokers). The ...
Prpić Jelena J Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Medical Faculty, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia. - - 2013
Periodontitis was found to be significantly related to obesity as well as the number of missing teeth and oral hygiene. However, the studies addressing these relationships often included smokers and diabetics, and none was performed in Eastern European patients. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate associations between ...
Gharbi M - - 2013
This cross-sectional study is the first to estimate the prevalence of cattle pediculosis in Tunisia. A total of 39 cattle farms in the region of Nabeul in north-east Tunisia were visited and lice were collected by intensively brushing 789 cattle. The prevalence was estimated to be 20.5% on the farms ...
Vijaya V V Department of Periodontics, New Horizon Dental College, Sakri, Bilaspur, Chattisgarh, - - 2013
This study was done to assess the prevalence of Dentine hypersensitivity (DH) and its associated risk factors. This epidemiological study was done among patients coming to dental college regarding prevalence of DH. A self structured questionnaire along with clinical examination was done for assessment. Descriptive statistics were obtained and frequency ...
Wołczuk K - - 2013
Post-natal growth of the gastrointestinal tract of the Siberian hamster was studied in newborn and 3-, 7-, 14-, 21-, 42- and 90-day-old animals. Morphometric measurements and calculations were carried out: length and internal surface of gastrointestinal tract segments, size (height, width, surface) and density of villi as well as allometric ...
Ohura Kayoko - - 2013
The age-associated alteration in expression levels of carboxylesterases (CESs) can affect both intestinal and hepatic first-pass metabolism after oral administration of xenobiotic esters such as prodrugs. In this study, the age-related expression of CES isozymes and hydrolase activities were simultaneously investigated in liver, jejunum and ileum from 8-, 46- and ...
Yalçin S - - 2013
Abstract 1. The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of breeder age and egg weight on hatching performance and morphological changes in segments of the small intestine of broiler chicks during a 21h hatch window. 2. Eggs from Ross broiler breeder flocks at 29 (young) and 48 ...
Gress Brian E - - 2014
Recent work suggests that the yellow dung fly mating system may include alternative patroller-competitor mating tactics in which large males compete for gravid females on dung, whereas small, non-competitive males search for females at foraging sites. Small males obtain most matings off pasture, yet the behavioural mechanism(s) giving rise to ...
Stenström Pernilla P Department of Pediatric Surgery, Skåne University Hospital Lund and the Institution of Clinical Research, Lund University, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gender specific outcome for children with anorectal malformations (ARM) is rarely reported although it is important for medical care and in parent counseling. To assess bowel function according to the Krickenbeck system in relation to ARM-subtype, gender and age. All children born with ARM in 1998-2008 and referred to two ...
Bano Riffat R Department of Obstetric and Gynae, Aga Khan Hospital for Woman, - - 2013
The objective of the study was to determine the frequency and outcome of Small for Gestational Age (SGA) foetuses, and its association with the mode of delivery, foetal birthweight, maternal age and gestational age. It was a hospital-based descriptive study, conducted at Aga Khan Hospital for Women, Karachi, from January ...
Florian Maria Carolina MC Department of Dermatology and Allergic Diseases, University of Ulm, 89091 Ulm, - - 2013
Many organs with a high cell turnover (for example, skin, intestine and blood) are composed of short-lived cells that require continuous replenishment by somatic stem cells. Ageing results in the inability of these tissues to maintain homeostasis and it is believed that somatic stem-cell ageing is one underlying cause of ...
Moffett Elizabeth A - - 2013
As the sacrum contributes to the size and shape of the birth canal, the sexually dimorphic sacrum of humans is frequently interpreted within obstetric contexts. However, while the human sacrum has been extensively studied, comparatively little is known about sacral morphology in nonhuman primates. Thus, it remains unclear whether sacral ...
Peeran Syed Wali - - 2013
This study aimed to assess toothbrushing behavior and descriptively analyze the effect of age and gender. Two thousand and six people from the city of Sebha, Libya, aged 1 to 64 years (mean age 26.9 ± 11.6 years, 1,463 females and 543 males) constituted the study sample. Data was collected ...
Stansfield F J - - 2013
This study aimed to determine whether the follicle reserve in the ovary of the African elephant declines progressively after puberty and whether its depletion constrains the fertility of older females. Elephant ovaries were fixed in 4% neutral buffered formalin and small-follicle counts made using stereological protocols. Excepting a slight rise ...
Martins Regina Helena Garcia - - 2013
Presbyphonia is a physiological process of aging voice that includes morphological changes in the coverage mucosa, muscle, and cartilage. We revised the morphological, endoscopic, and vocal acoustic changes that occur in presbyphonia and discussed some treatments proposed to minimize glottal incompetence and improve vocal performance of the elderly.
Phillips Robert J - - 2013
It is well documented that the intrinsic enteric nervous system of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract sustains neuronal losses and reorganizes as it ages. In contrast, age-related remodeling of the extrinsic sympathetic projections to the wall of the gut is poorly characterized. The present experiment, therefore, surveyed the sympathetic projections to ...
Herbinger K-H - - 2013
Anaemia is a frequently diagnosed condition which can develop as a consequence of numerous factors, including infectious diseases (IDs). Travelling, especially in sub-/tropical regions, leads to an elevated risk of contracting IDs. The aim of our study was to assess the epidemiological significance of IDs in inducing anaemia among a ...
den Hartog Gerco - - 2013
Immunoglobulins play an important role in maintenance of mucosal homeostasis in the gut. The antigen binding specificity of these immunoglobulins depends for a large part on the hypervariable CDR3 region. To gain knowledge about isotype-specific development of the CDR3 repertoire we examined CDR3 spectratypes at multiple time points between 4 ...
Penders John - - 2013
Perturbations in the intestinal microbiota may disrupt mechanisms involved in the development of immunologic tolerance. The present study aimed to examine the establishment of the infant microbiota and its association to the development of atopic dermatitis (AD). Within a randomized, placebo-controlled trial on the prevention of AD by oral supplementation of a ...
Lee Matthew Kun - - 2013
Objective Ptosis of the submandibular glands is a well-recognized yet poorly quantified element of the aging face and neck. The goal of this study is to describe and quantify the rate and extent of age-related submandibular gland ptosis. A novel grading system is proposed to quantify the degree of descent ...
Jordan Ra - - 2013
To investigate interproximal biofilm reduction with an angled interdental brush as compared to a straight interdental brush (standard control) in a clinical, single-centre, single-blind, controlled, parallel-group trial. Recruitment and examinations of the subjects were performed at the Witten/Herdecke University School of Dental Medicine. 128 volunteers, aged 20-65 years, were recruited and ...
Na Hyun-Jin - - 2013
Age-related changes in stem cells could have a profound impact on tissue aging and the development of age-related diseases such as cancer. However, the effects of metformin, a recently recognized anti-cancer drug, on stem cell aging remain largely unknown. In the present study, an experiment was set up to investigate ...
Tran Lee L Oklahoma Center for Neuroscience, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, OK73104, - - 2013
Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract are common in the elderly people; however, the precise trait(s) of aging that contribute to the vulnerability of the gastrointestinal tract are poorly understood. Recent evidence suggests that patients with gastrointestinal disorders have increased intestinal permeability. Here, we address the hypothesis that disruption of the ...
Goto Eita - - 2013
A highly sensitive and simple screening procedure is required for early detection of low birthweight and small for gestational age, especially in developing countries. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate use of symphysis-fundal height for prediction of low birthweight and small for gestational age. PubMed (MEDLINE) and other databases were ...
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