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Balasubramanian Sivaraman A SA Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; School of Medicine, Deakin University, Waurn Ponds, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) causes severe vision impairment in aged individuals. The health impact and cost of the disease will dramatically increase over the years, with the increase in the aging population. Currently, antivascular endothelial growth factor agents are routinely used for managing late-stage AMD, and recent data have shown ...
Huang Hui H State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, PR China; Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biomass-based Energy and Enzyme Technology, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huaiyin Normal University, Huai'an 223300, Jiangsu, PR - - 2013
Effective removal of aging biofilm deserves to receive more attention. This study aimed to characterized aging biofilm from a full-scale moving bed biofilm reactor treating pharmaceutical wastewater and evaluate the hydrolysis effects of biofilm by different enzymatic treatments. Results from FTIR and biochemical composition analyses showed that it was a ...
Guira Oumar - - 2013
Background:We aimed to study the factors associated with clinical forms of lipoatrophy in patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Yalgado Ouédraogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou.Methods:This cross-sectional review from March 10 to November 10, 2011, included a nonprobability sample of HIV-infected adults receiving antiretroviral (ARV) medications for at least 6 ...
Shetty Sunaina S Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, Chhattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute, Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh, - - 2013
With the rise in bacterial resistance to antibiotics, there is considerable interest in the development of other classes of antimicrobials for the control of infection. Garlic (Allium sativum Linn.) has been used as medicine since ancient times and has long been known to have antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties. This ...
Turner Steve - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Asthma is a common chronic disease associated with altered proteolytic activity. The present study tested the hypothesis that altered protease concentration in amniotic fluid, an index of airway fluid at birth, precedes early cough and wheeze. Methods: Amniotic fluid (AF) was collected and analysed for the following: matrix ...
Rinderer Thomas E - - 2013
Varroa destructor (Anderson and Truman) trapped on bottom boards were assessed as indirect measurements of colony mite populations and mite fall in colonies of Russian and Italian honey bees using 29 candidate measurements. Measurements included damaged and nondamaged younger mites, damaged and nondamaged older mites, fresh mites and all mites, ...
Chen Ya-Rong - - 2012
Background/Aims: In this retrospective study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of heterotopic gastric mucosa (HGM) in the upper and middle esophagus, to identify its macroscopic characteristics and evaluate clinical features. Methodology: One hundred and twenty-six patients (82 males, 44 females; mean age 43.08±12.84 years, range 15-81) with HGM in ...
Vega K J - - 2012
Ambulatory 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring is the gold standard examination to assess esophageal acid exposure. Gender-related variation is a well-recognized physiologic phenomenon in health and disease. To date, limited gender-specific 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring data are available. The aim of this study was to obtain values of esophageal pH monitoring ...
Ko Soon Young - - 2012
Background and Aim:   There is little known about non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP) in young patients. We aimed to examine the proportion of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in the young patients with NCCP compared to the average-aged NCCP patients and to evaluate their symptomatic characteristics and the clinical efficacy of ...
Lubin Jay H - - 2012
Cigarette smoking is associated with esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), esophagogastric junctional adenocarcinoma (EGJA) and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and alcohol consumption with ESCC. However, no analyses have examined how delivery rate modifies the strength of odds ratio (OR) trends with total exposure, i.e., the impact on the OR for a ...
Chen C L - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to apply combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and esophageal manometry (MII-EM) to test esophageal function during solid swallowing in a normal healthy population. We determined whether combined MII-EM with solid bolus is more sensitive than that with viscous bolus in the detection of motility abnormality. ...
Nekl C G - - 2012
Background  Treatment for esophageal dysmotility is currently limited to primarily pharmacologic intervention, which has questionable utility and frequently associated negative side effects. A potential behavioral intervention for esophageal dysmotility is the effortful oropharyngeal swallow. A previous pilot study using water perfusion manometry found an increase in distal esophageal amplitudes during ...
Zhang Ru-Gang - - 2012
Background: Prevalence of Barrett's esophagus (BE) in Luoyang, China, has not been reported, and its pathogenesis is controversial. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the prevalence of BE and its underlying factors in the city of Luoyang. Method: This was a prospective study in one center. Many ...
Ruiz-Villaverde Ricardo - - 2011
Case study A man, 47 years of age, with an unremarkable past medical history, attended our dermatology outpatient clinic having developed changes in the colour and texture of the hair of his left axillae 2 weeks earlier, causing him moderate itching. He did not remember any changes in his lifestyle ...
Kozma Chahira - - 2011
The existence of dwarfism is amply documented in ancient Egypt due to the rich biological and artistic legacies. In previous articles published in this journal, I discussed the roles of people with skeletal dysplasia in ancient Egyptian civilization. In this article I, along with my Egyptian and American colleagues, describe ...
Garcia-Falgueras Alicia - - 2011
The intermediate nucleus (InM) in the preoptic area of the human brain, also known as the sexually dimorphic nucleus of the preoptic area (SDN-POA) and the Interstitial Nucleus of the Anterior Hypothalamus-1 (INAH-1) has been studied. We investigated its population of Galanin-immunoreactive (Gal-Ir) neurons in relation to sex, age and ...
Zhong Yi - - 2011
Oxidative damage to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is associated with excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Mitochondrial common deletion (mtDNA 4977bp and 4834bp deletion in humans and rats, respectively) is the most typical and frequent mtDNA damage associated with aging and degenerative diseases. The accumulation of mitochondrial common deletion has been ...
Madiba T E - - 2011
Sigmoid volvulus demonstrates geographical, racial, and gender variation. This autopsy study was undertaken to establish morphological differences of the sigmoid colon and its mesocolon in which the length and other characteristics were assessed. A total of 590 cadavers were examined (403 African, 91 Indian, and 96 White). Length and height ...
Hasegawa Satoshi S Division of Pediatrics, Department of Homeostatic Regulation and Development, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan. - - 2011
  The second derivative of the photoplethysmogram (SDPTG) has been verified as a useful method for analyzing pulse wave form in adults; however, there have been few studies on the SDPTG in children.   We examined age-related alteration of SDPTG (study 1) and the SDPTG response to a vasodilator (study ...
Rubenstein Joel H - - 2011
Many available physical activity questionnaires (PAQs) are limited due to either focus on recreational activities or burdensome length. We sought to assess the reliability and validity of a new short PAQ that captures all activity types. The 12-item multiple-choice PAQ-M included eight activity domains, providing a total Physical Activity Score ...
Mehrunnisa A - - 2011
The populations of Anopheles fluviatilis James (1902), a foothill vector, collected from village Tilpuri of district Udham Singh Nagar and from villages Auspur, Ismailpur, and Durgapur of district Hardwar were maintained at National Institute of Malaria Research Insectory at 28 +/- 1 degrees C and 80-85% RH. Anopheles fluviatilis sensu ...
Ricci Irene - - 2011
While symbiosis between bacteria and insects has been thoroughly investigated in the last two decades, investments on the study of yeasts associated with insects have been limited. Insect-associated yeasts are placed on different branches of the phylogenetic tree of fungi, indicating that these associations evolved independently on several occasions. Isolation ...
Paredes V - - 2011
Introduction: Adequate tooth-size ratios are required to ensure the satisfactory outcome of orthodontic treatment. Consequently, various methods of measuring tooth-size ratios have been developed being the Bolton ratio the most commonly accepted, known and used one. This ratio depending directly on mesiodistal tooth size has been associated with different ethnic ...
Dressler Stefan G - - 2011
The second-to-fourth digit ratio (2D:4D), putatively indexing prenatal androgen levels retrospectively, has become increasingly popular as an easily applied measure in research into the prenatal sex-hormonal bases of behavior, health, and disease. However, its validity has not yet been conclusively demonstrated and in fact is currently debated, because validation tests ...
Guo Bill - - 2011
Esophageal cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignant tumors in China. This study aimed to examine the temporal trend of esophageal cancer mortality rates during the period 1987-2009 in both rural and urban settings and to detect the effects of year of death and year of birth on ...
Geffen Eli - - 2011
The native rodents of Australia are commonly divided into two groups based on the time of their colonization of the Sahulian continent, which encompasses Australia, New Guinea, and the adjacent islands. The first group, the "old endemics," is a diverse assemblage of 34 genera that are descended from a single ...
Bernstein Carol - - 2010
To investigate whether deficiency of expression of cytochrome c oxidase I (CcOI) in colonic crypts is associated with colon cancer. The pattern and level of expression of CcOI in non-neoplastic colonic crypts, and in dysplastic tissues, was assessed using standard immunohistochemical methods. Biopsies were obtained from individuals undergoing colonoscopies for ...
Hays Graeme C - - 2010
Species that have temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD) often produce highly skewed offspring sex ratios contrary to long-standing theoretical predictions. This ecological enigma has provoked concern that climate change may induce the production of single-sex generations and hence lead to population extirpation. All species of sea turtles exhibit TSD, many are ...
Huang Jing - - 2010
Aging is an important risk factor for vascular dementia, and D-galactose (D-gal) injection can simulate the pathology of aging. Two-vessel occlusion of common carotid arteries (2VO) is the most popular model for vascular dementia. This study was aimed to investigate the possibility of D-gal injection plus 2VO simulating cognitive impairment ...
Wallace Kristin K Department of Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School, Evergreen Center, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA. - - 2010
Gene-specific promoter methylation of several genes occurs in aging normal tissues and may predispose to tumorigenesis. In the present study, we investigate the association of blood folate levels and dietary and lifestyle factors with CpG island (CGI) methylation in normal colorectal mucosa. Subjects were enrolled in a multicenter chemoprevention trial ...
Schwarz Sascha - - 2011
Recent studies have shown that preferences for close relationships (Long-Term Relationship Orientation) are independent of preferences for various sexual partners (Short-Term Relationship Orientation). In the current studies, we hypothesized that Short-Term Relationship Orientation would be negatively related to 2D:4D finger-length ratio (i.e., the more masculine, the higher Short-Term Relationship Orientation). ...
Almasry Shaima M - - 2011
The digit ratio, or the relative lengths, of the 2nd and 4th digits (2D :4D) shows a sex difference, with males tending to have lower values in comparison with females. This sex differences arises early in the fetus and may result from the effects of prenatal testosterone and estrogen on ...
Furuta M M Department of Preventive Dentistry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, - - 2010
Oral Diseases (2010) 16, 781-787 OBJECTIVE:  This study addressed the relationship between periodontal condition and second derivative of the finger photoplethysmogram (SDPTG) in Japanese adults.   The Community Periodontal Index (CPI) and SDPTG were recorded in 415 subjects (mean age: 44.0 years). For assessing SDPTG, we mainly focused on the ...
Silber Sherman - - 2011
It has been suggested that climate change at the Cretaceous-Palaeogene (K-Pg) boundary, initiated by a bolide impact or volcanic eruptions, caused species with temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD), including dinosaurs, to go extinct because of a skewed sex ratio towards all males. To test this hypothesis, the sex-determining mechanisms (SDMs) of ...
Cek Sehriban - - 2010
The gonadal structure and cycle of the Leguminaia whaetleyi is described for the first time indicating that 5% of this species is simultaneous hermaphrodite. A total of 420 individuals were collected in monthly samples from October 2008 to September 2009 in Gölbaşı Lake, Turkey. Calculation of the condition index and ...
Blair Peter S - - 2010
This is an investigation into the longitudinal patterns of bed sharing, the characteristics associated with those patterns, and the relationship with breastfeeding. The study used prospective, population-based data from the United Kingdom to investigate nocturnal bed sharing at 5 time points from birth to 4 years of age. Of 14 ...
Vaillancourt Christian - - 2011
We sought to compare bystander fatigue and CPR quality after 5min of CPR using the 30:2 vs. the 15:2 chest compression:ventilation ratios in a population of older participants. This randomized cross-over study included independent-living participants aged ≥55. Participants completed two 5-min CPR sessions (using 30:2 and 15:2 ratios) on a ...
Cox Robert M - - 2011
Sex-allocation theory predicts that females in good condition should preferentially produce offspring of the sex that benefits the most from an increase in maternal investment. However, it is generally assumed that the condition of the sire has little effect on progeny sex ratio, particularly in species that lack parental care. ...
Smith M S - - 2010
Polyembryonic encyrtid wasps are parasitoids that have evolved a clonal form of embryogenesis and a caste system where some progeny become reproducing wasps whereas others develop into a sterile soldier caste. Theory based on the biology of Copidosoma floridanum predicts that the primary role of soldier larvae is to mediate ...
Schwanz Lisa E - - 2010
Conditions experienced early in life can influence phenotypes in ecologically important ways, as exemplified by organisms with environmental sex determination. For organisms with temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD), variation in nest temperatures induces phenotypic variation that could impact population growth rates. In environments that vary over space and time, how does ...
Baeza J A - - 2010
The sexual system of the symbiotic shrimp Thor amboinensis is described, along with observations on sex ratio and host-use pattern of different populations. We used a comprehensive approach to elucidate the previously unknown sexual system of this shrimp. Dissections, scanning electron microscopy, size-frequency distribution analysis, and laboratory observations demonstrated that ...
Mouridsen Svend Erik - - 2010
There is a well documented predominance of males diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders. The influence of sex steroids upon brain development has been suggested to mediate sex differences in developmental psychopathology, and has been epitomized in the 'extreme male brain theory'. The objective of this study was to extend previous studies ...
Manjaly Zita R ZR King's College Hospital, London, - - 2010
Replicable risk factors for ALS include increasing age, family history and being male. The male: female ratio has been reported as being between 1 and 3. We tested the hypothesis that the sex ratio changes with age in a population register covering the south-east of England. The sex ratio before ...
Macalpine Jessie L P - - 2011
Carbon dioxide and chilling are sometimes used to immobilise insects for laboratory research. Both of these methods are known to have short-term effects on behaviour and physiology in Drosophila, but their long-term impacts are unknown. We exposed female D. melanogaster adults to high CO(2) concentrations (4h at 18,000ppm) and chronic ...
Yang Lu - - 2010
The calibration of measurements of the isotope amount ratio using a log-linear regression method with multicollector-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICPMS) is the latest development in isotope amount ratio metrology. This calibration method, however, is often met with criticism. In this work, we evaluate the robustness of this calibration strategy ...
Liu Yongsheng - - 2011
The relations of an offspring to its parents are complex, and the ways in which a parent may influence the characteristics of its offspring are many. This review focuses on the relations of parental age to intelligence, health outcomes, longevity and other characteristics of offspring. Many researchers have demonstrated that ...
Manning John T - - 2010
Many studies have reported digit ratio (2D:4D) to be sexually dimorphic, (males lower 2D:4D than females). However, Kratochvíl and Flegr ([2009]: Biol Lett 5:643-646) have suggested that 2D regressed on 4D has an allometric regression line with nonzero Y-intercept that is shared by males and females. Thus, 2D is shorter ...
Dijkstra Cor - - 2010
When the reproductive value of male and female offspring varies differentially, parents are predicted to adjust the sex ratio of their offspring to maximize their fitness (Trivers and Willard, Science 179:90-92, 1973). Two factors have been repeatedly linked to skews in avian offspring sex ratio. First, laying date can affect ...
Hönekopp Johannes - - 2010
Our aims are, first, to describe the sex difference in the length ratio of the second and fourth digits (2D:4D), which likely reflects prenatal testosterone levels in humans. Second, to infer the loss of reliability observed in 2D:4D based on self-measured finger lengths. We used random-effects meta-analysis of 2D:4D based ...
Garland Theodore T - - 2011
The response to uniform selection may occur in alternate ways that result in similar performance. We tested for multiple adaptive solutions during artificial selection for high voluntary wheel running in laboratory mice. At generation 43, the four replicate high runner (HR) lines averaged 2.85-fold more revolutions per day as compared ...
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