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Naghibzadeh Masoud M Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, - - 2014
Complications of total laryngectomy can have serious implications for the final outcome of treatment, including pharyngocutaneous fistula. We conducted a retrospective study of surgical techniques to determine how to best prevent or decrease the incidence of pharyngocutaneous fistula following total laryngectomy. We reviewed the hospital records of all patients who ...
Esmaeili Hamid Reza HR Department of Biology, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71454, Iran.; Email: - - 2014
Two new species of Aphanius are described from the Kol drainage in southern Iran (Aphanius darabensis n. sp.) and the endorheic Kavir Basin in northern Iran (A. kavirensis n. sp.), and compared with eight closely related species. Aphanius darabensis n. sp. is sister to A. shirini, from which it is ...
Sati Prakash Chandra - - 2012
Recycling plastic industry is on rise. Plastic waste in environment is a pollutant so recycling of it can save environment and is economical too. However its recycling is associated with harmful effects on workers engaged in it. The present study was designed to elucidate the role of free radicals and ...
Bertuccio Paola - - 2012
We considered trends in mortality from leukemia in Europe over the period 1970-2009 using data from the World Health Organization. We computed age-standardized (world population) mortality rates, at all ages and in selected age groups, in 11 selected European countries, the European Union (EU), and, for comparative purposes, in the ...
Innamorati Marco - - 2012
AIMS: To explore temporal trends since 1980 in alcohol-related death for people resident in the European Union (EU) and to examine differences between EU members admitted prior to 2004 and new EU members admitted since 2004. METHODS: The data were extracted from the World Health Organization's European mortality database and ...
Jang Cheol - - 2012
We demonstrate the optical characteristics of YVO<sub>4</sub>:Eu<sup>3+</sup> phosphor in close proximity to Ag nanofilm to create a highly efficient emitting layer in mirror-type self-emissive displays. The propagating surface plasmon mode induced between the dielectric layer (MgO) and the Ag nanofilm activates the electric dipole transition of Eu<sup>3+</sup> ions. The transmittance ...
Keogh C - - 2012
PURPOSE: Little is known about antibiotic prescribing in Irish children. This study aims to examine antibiotic prescribing patterns in Irish children and associated costs and to compare this with European findings. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the Irish Health Services Executive (HSE) pharmacy claims database 2004-2009 for the General Medical ...
Ayele Berhan B The Carter Center Ethiopia, Bole K.K., Kebele 05, H.No. 956, P.O. Box 13373, Addis Ababa, - - 2011
Community antibiotic utilization and its relationship with trachoma has been poorly characterized in areas with endemic trachoma. A survey of all drug-dispensing facilities in an area of rural Ethiopia was conducted. Antibiotic use was calculated using both retrospective and prospective methodology, and expressed as defined daily doses (DDDs). Overall antibiotic ...
Arfken Cynthia L CL Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Wayne State University, 2761 E, Jefferson, Detroit, MI 482017, USA. - - 2011
Information is limited on alcohol use among Arab Americans. The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the alcohol use pattern among Arab Americans by reviewing existing surveys using an acculturation model. Secondary data analysis. Nationally, English-speaking immigrant Arab Americans reported lower rates of lifetime alcohol use (50.8%), ...
Vandevanter D R DR Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA. - - 2011
Reduction in pulmonary exacerbations is an important efficacy endpoint for CF clinical studies. Powering exacerbation endpoints requires estimation of the future exacerbation incidence in CF study populations, but rates differ across the population. We have estimated exacerbation rates for Epidemiologic Study of CF subpopulations stratified by age, FEV(1)% predicted, sex, ...
Franchi C - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the antibiotic patterns of use and geographical distribution of prevalence and consumption by age in 15 Local Health Units (LHUs) of Italy's Lombardy region. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of reimbursement data for the community-dwelling population in 2005 was performed. Prescriptions reimbursed by the National Health System and ...
Wray Tyler B TB Department of Psychology, The University of South Dakota, 414 East Clark Street, Vermillion, SD 57069, USA. - - 2011
Problematic alcohol use on college campuses is a significant concern. Violations of campus alcohol policies can lead to disciplinary action from the university. These and other alcohol-related legal infractions may be a sign of significant alcohol-related problems. However, few studies have focused on determining predictors of alcohol-related infractions among college ...
Patrick Megan E ME Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson St., Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1248, USA. - - 2011
This study used up to seven waves of data from 32 consecutive cohorts of participants in the national longitudinal Monitoring the Future study to model changes in self-reported reasons for using alcohol and marijuana by age (18 to 30), gender, and recent substance use. The majority of stated reasons for ...
Norris Pauline - - 2011
Objectives Although antibiotic use in the community is a significant contributor to resistance, little is known about social patterns of use. This study aimed to explore the use of antibiotics by age, gender, ethnicity, socio-economic status and rurality. Methods Data were obtained on all medicines dispensed to ambulatory patients in ...
Altamirano José - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:Mexicans have an increased rate of alcohol abuse and alcoholic liver disease. Factors influencing the severity of alcoholic hepatitis (AH) in Mexicans are unknown. The aims of the present study were to identify the prognostic factors of short-term mortality in Mexican patients with AH and to validate the existing prognostic ...
Mason W Alex WA National Research Institute for Child and Family Studies, Boys Town, NE 68010, USA. - - 2011
This paper examines whether there is cross-national similarity in the longitudinal relationship between early age alcohol use and adolescent alcohol problems. Potential mechanisms underlying this relationship also are examined, testing adolescent alcohol use, low self-regulation, and peer deviance as possible mediators. Students (N = 1,945) participating in the International Youth ...
Segal Isidor - - 2011
: We asked why so few working-class Africans of Soweto have chronic pancreatitis (CP) when alcoholism is the norm. : Twenty-one alcoholics with acute psychosis but normal pancreas were investigated for lifestyle, micronutrient status, electrophilic stress, and iron overload. : Alcoholics consumed more ethanol daily than did 14 previously studied ...
Höfer Peter - - 2011
N-terminal pro-BNP (NtBNP) has attracted attention as a biomarker for heart failure. The aims of our study are (a) to characterize the role of NtBNP as a biological marker in the setting of alcoholism; (b) to describe potential gender differences with respect to NtBNP; (c) to correlate NtBNP with other ...
Sloan Frank - - 2011
This study assessed to what extent drinking patterns of young adults persist into midlife and whether frequent heavy episodic drinking as a young adult is associated with educational attainment, labor market, and health outcomes at midlife. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, we grouped individuals into three baseline ...
Desapriya Ediriweera - - 2012
. Many studies have demonstrated a strong relationship between alcohol availability and traffic crashes involving alcohol-impaired drivers. The present analysis focuses on the evaluation of the impact of alcohol availability on the Japanese population by comparing fatal and nonfatal motor vehicle crash rates before and after implementation of the alcohol ...
Shillington Audrey M - - 2011
To identify if there are different typologies for adolescent self-reporters and recanters for alcohol, cigarette and marijuana use. This study is a secondary data analysis and utilized four waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth child panel data. The study included adolescents aged ten and older who self-reported ever ...
Giga Noreen M - - 2011
Flavored alcoholic beverages are popular among underage drinkers. Existing studies that assessed flavored alcoholic beverage use among youth relied upon respondents to correctly classify the beverages they consume, without defining what alcohol brands belong to this category. The aim is to demonstrate a new method for analyzing the consumption of ...
Nilsen Per - - 2011
Aims  To investigate how brief alcohol interventions are delivered in routine practice in the Swedish health care system. Design, setting and participants  A cross-sectional sample of 6000 individuals representative of the adult population aged 18-64 years registered in the Swedish total population register was randomly drawn. Data were collected in ...
Nunn Samuel - - 2011
This article examines alcohol-impaired collision metrics around nine sobriety checkpoint locations in Indianapolis, Indiana, before and after implementation of 22 checkpoints, using a pre/post examination, a pre/post nonequivalent comparison group analysis, and an interrupted time series approach. Traffic safety officials used geographical information system (GIS) analysis to help select checkpoint ...
Wicki Matthias - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In February, 2005, the canton of Geneva in Switzerland prohibited the off-premise sale of alcoholic beverages between 9pm and 7am, and banned their sale in gas stations and video stores. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of this policy change on hospital admission rates for ...
Kouda Katsuyasu - - 2011
There are no data concerning a relationship between alcohol and bone status from a large-scale community-based study of elderly Japanese men. The baseline survey for the Fujiwara-kyo Osteoporosis Risk in Men Study was performed in 2174 male participants during the period from 2007 to 2008 in Nara Prefecture, Japan. Among ...
Han Sang Beom - - 2011
This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of alcohol consumption on the risk of ocular trauma. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 1,024 patients who visited emergency department and received ophthalmologic examination from January 1 to December 31, 2009. The patients were divided into 2 groups: those with ...
Razvodovsky Yury Evgeny - - 2012
High accidental death rates in the former Soviet republics (FSR) and its profound fluctuation over the past decades have attracted considerable interest. The research evidences emphasize binge drinking pattern as a potentially important contributor to accident mortality crisis in FSR. In line with this evidence we assume that higher level ...
Koordeman Renske - - 2011
AIMS: Ample survey research has shown that alcohol portrayals in movies affect the development of alcohol consumption in youth. Hence, there is preliminary evidence that alcohol portrayals in movies also directly influence viewers' drinking of alcohol while watching movies. One process that might account for these direct effects is imitation. ...
Shield Kevin D - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This analysis aimed to estimate the burden of disease and injury caused and prevented by alcohol in 2004 for Canadians aged 0-69 years and compare the effects of different magnitudes of adjustment of survey data on these estimates. METHODS: Alcohol indicators were obtained from the Canadian Alcohol and Drug Use ...
Pärna Kersti - - 2011
Background:  Surrogate, nonbeverage alcohols, provide a cheap and concentrated source of ethanol for drinking that has been associated with premature mortality. The aim of this study was to provide the first estimate of the prevalence of surrogate alcohol consumption in a national population sample of Estonia. Methods:  The Estonian Health ...
Reboussin Beth A - - 2011
The regulation of alcohol outlet density has been considered as a potential means of reducing alcohol consumption and related harms among underage youth. Whereas prior studies have examined whether alcohol outlet density was associated with an individual's alcohol consumption and related harms, this study examines whether it is related to ...
Debon Margaret - - 2011
Objective: To identify the prevalence and correlates of binge drinking, driving after drinking, and riding in a vehicle with a driver who had consumed alcohol in US Air Force active duty recruits. Methods: A military cohort (N = 31,108; 25.1% female) was analyzed to identify variables associated with binge drinking, ...
Lin Chih-Ming - - 2011
It is known that taxation on alcohol products may effectively reduce the alcohol consumption. However, whether alcohol taxation may lead to a decrease in alcohol attributed disease mortality (ADM) has been inclusively. We conducted this time-series analysis to assess the effect of alcohol tax policy intervention in 2002 on rate ...
Sanhueza Claudia - - 2011
Numerous studies have shown that alcohol intake causes neuropsychological disorders that affect various brain structures. The «premature ageing» hypothesis proposes that the brain areas of alcoholics undergo deterioration similar to that observed in old age. We investigated whether alcohol abuse by young people (binge drinking) causes alterations comparable to some ...
King Andrea C AC Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2011
Excessive consumption of alcohol is a major problem in the United States and abroad. Despite many years of study, it is unclear why some individuals drink alcohol excessively while others do not. It has been postulated that either lower or greater acute responses to alcohol, or both, depending on the ...
Koordeman Renske - - 2011
The present pilot study examined the effects of alcohol commercials shown in movie theaters on the alcohol consumption of young adults who see these commercials. A two (alcohol commercials vs. nonalcohol commercials) by two (high weekly alcohol consumption vs. low weekly alcohol consumption) between-participant design was used, in which 184 ...
Jin Lina - - 2011
AIMS: To assess the association of alcohol consumption with metabolic syndrome (Mets) in a Chinese population. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was performed in 19,215 participants aged 40 years or over in Shanghai of China during June 2008-April 2009. Information about the alcohol consumption including quantity and type of alcoholic ...
Norström Thor - - 2011
Background. Japan has one of the highest suicide rates in the world. Cohort analysis has suggested that alcohol consumption is a risk factor for suicide in Japan. However, this relationship has not been observed at the population level when a measure of per capita total alcohol consumption has been analysed. ...
Paradis Catherine - - 2011
This study tests the hypothesis that the relationship between parenthood and heavy drinking is mediated by drinking locations. The analysis is based on a random sample of 4180 female and 3630 male Canadian drinkers aged between 18 and 55 years old. A multiple mediator model is tested. Results show that ...
Johansson Ada - - 2011
Johansson, A., Santtila, P., Corander, J., Jern, P., von der Pahlen, B., Varjonen, M. & Sandnabba, K. (2011). Controlling anger in self-reported sober and alcohol intoxicated states: Moderating effects of trait anger and alcohol consumption. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. Retrospective self-reports about prior sober and alcohol intoxicated states were explored ...
Xie Xiang - - 2011
Aim: The relationship between alcohol consumption and carotid atherosclerosis has been reported in some epidemiological studies, but the results were conflicting. We investigated the association between alcohol intake and carotid atherosclerosis in the Han, Uygur, and Kazakh populations in Xinjiang in western China. Methods and results: The study population sample ...
Cranford James A JA Addiction Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Rachel Upjohn Building, The University of Michigan, 4250 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2700, USA. - - 2011
Co-occurring alcohol use disorder and major depression (C-ALDP) is a major public health problem. Yet, the available evidence is mixed regarding the implications of C-ALDP for alcohol involvement. The purpose of this research was to examine the associations between past 12-month co-occurring AUDs (abuse and dependence) and major depressive episode ...
Stickley Andrew - - 2011
Introduction and Aims. Previous research from Western Europe and North America has suggested that consuming different types of alcoholic beverage may have differing effects on homicide rates both within and between countries. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between the consumption of different beverage types and ...
Tse Rexson - - 2011
  Retrospective review of 100 consecutive, nondecomposed cases of suicide because of hanging was conducted at Forensic Science SA, Australia. Alcohol was detected in 38 cases (38%). The percentage of victims who had ingested alcohol significantly decreased with age (r(2)  = 0.81), with alcohol detected in 57.1% of those aged ≤24 years, ...
Roussotte Florence F FF Developmental Cognitive Neuroimaging Laboratory, Department of Neurology, University of California, Los Angeles 90095-7332, - - 2012
Individuals with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure can experience significant deficits in cognitive and psychosocial functioning and alterations in brain structure that persist into adulthood. In this report, data from 99 participants collected across three sites (Los Angeles and San Diego, California, and Cape Town, South Africa) were analyzed to examine ...
Blomeyer Dorothea - - 2011
Background:  Recent evidence from animal experiments and studies in humans suggests that early age at first drink (AFD) may lead to higher stress-induced drinking. The present study aimed to extend these findings by examining whether AFD interacted with stressful life events (SLE) and/or with daily hassles regarding the impact on ...
Doran Christopher M - - 2011
Introduction and Aims. In 2008, the Australian government introduced an 'alcopops tax' on spirit-based ready-to-drink (RTD) beverages to reduce alcohol consumption and particularly binge drinking by young people. Design and Methods. Data regarding sales of alcoholic beverages in Australia from 2004 to 2009 were used to examine the possible effects ...
Egan Katie G KG Department of Pediatrics, Section of Adolescent Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA. - - 2011
Perceived peer alcohol use is a predictor of consumption in college males; frequent references to alcohol on Facebook may encourage alcohol consumption. Content analysis of college males' Facebook profiles identified references to alcohol. The average age of 225 identified profiles was 19.9 years. Alcohol references were present on 85.3% of ...
Leggio Lorenzo - - 2011
Animal studies suggest that the gut-brain peptide ghrelin plays an important role in the neurobiology of alcohol dependence (AD). Human studies show an effect of alcohol on ghrelin levels and a correlation between ghrelin levels and alcohol craving in alcoholics. This investigation consisted of two studies. Study 1 was a ...
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