Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1013
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Volkert D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Age-related changes in kidney function and thirst sensation increase the susceptibility for dehydration in the elderly. Adequate fluid intake is the most important prerequisite for fluid homeostasis. Reliable data on fluid intake of older subjects in Germany are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess fluid intake from beverages and total fluid ...
Sayette Michael A MA Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2005
The authors examined the effects of alcohol consumption on cigarette craving in heavy smokers and tobacco chippers (n = 138) who were instructed not to smoke for 12 hr. Participants were exposed to both smoking cues (a lit cigarette) and control cues. Half received a moderate dose of alcohol, adjusted ...
Yoshita Katsushi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of alcohol consumption with years-long blood pressure (BP) change, as well as baseline BP, adjusted for potential confounders. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: A metal-products factory in Toyama, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3900 men aged 20-59 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: BP was measured ...
Junghanns Klaus - - 2005
Thirty male alcohol dependent inpatients without concurrent depressive disorder, 13 of them with a positive family history of alcohol dependence in a first degree relative (PFH), were questioned about their desire and consumption habits with respect to cigarettes, coffee, and sweets while on a three-week inpatient treatment after detoxification from ...
Barrett Sean P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and tobacco are commonly co-administered, yet little is known about the effects of acute nicotine administration on alcohol consumption in humans. This study sought to determine how nicotine delivered by tobacco smoke influences alcohol intake in humans using a double-blind placebo controlled repeated measures design. METHODS: During two ...
Panagiotakos Demosthenes B - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to investigate the association between fish consumption and the development of non-fatal acute coronary syndromes (ACS), in a Mediterranean population. METHODS: During 2000-2001, we randomly and stratified selected, from all Greek regions, 848 hospitalised patients (695 males, 58+/-10 years old and 153 females, ...
Simons Jeffrey S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study used experienced sampling methodology to examine the relationship between affective functioning and alcohol consumption and problems. METHOD: Fifty-six college students provided baseline data on measures of impulsivity and distress tolerance and provided experience sampling data for 2 weeks on measures of negative affect, positive affect, and alcohol ...
Barberger-Gateau P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have found an inverse association between fish consumption and risk of dementia. The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics of older fish consumers, in order to identify potential confounders in this relationship. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of the baseline data of a prospective cohort study. ...
Sugishita Kazuro - - 2005
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is well known to be male-dominant. Female sex hormones may be involved, since very few premenopausal women experience AF. However, a possible gender difference in older subjects has not been fully elucidated yet. We retrospectively reviewed the symptoms of 133 patients (111 males and 22 females) with ...
Siegmund Sören - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Onset of alcohol use during adolescence has potentially long-lasting consequences, e.g., prospective alcohol dependence. To obtain new insight into the effects of early chronic ethanol consumption, we compared the drinking behavior of two adult male Wistar rat groups: one that initiated alcohol consumption during adolescence (adolescent group) and the ...
Liangpunsakul Suthat - - 2005
Alcohol consumption is known to induce hepatic CYP2E1 activity, but its effect on hepatic and intestinal CYP3A in humans is not known. We have conducted a study to compare the CYP2E1 and CYP3A activities in 20 individuals with moderate alcohol consumption and 20 gender-, race-. and body mass index (BMI)-matched ...
Inami Kuniharu - - 2005
The assessment of vibratory perception thresholds (VPTs) is important for evaluating human somatosensory functions and provides new aspects in clinical practice and research. However, there has been little information concerning determinants of the VPT in normal individuals, and there has been no investigation to determine the reference intervals for the ...
de Vet Emely - - 2005
PURPOSE: To examine associations between decisional balance, self-efficacy, fruit intake, and stage of change transition from precontemplation and contemplation with cross-sectional and longitudinal methods. DESIGN: A longitudinal cohort study with the use of electronic questionnaires was conducted. Three measurements were analyzed cross-sectionally, and the two intervals between the measurements were ...
Cook Robert L - - 2005
The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of published literature on the association between problematic alcohol consumption and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Using a MEDLINE search (1995-2003) and article references, we identified articles that described measures of alcohol consumption and STDs and presented data on their ...
Jungjohann Svenja M - - 2005
Time trends in the food and the corresponding energy and macronutrient intake between 1994 and 2002 are investigated as part of the longitudinal study on nutrition and health status in an ageing population in Giessen, Germany (GISELA study). The dietary intake is assessed via a 3 d estimated dietary record ...
Moore Alison A - - 2005
We examined demographic predictors of longitudinal patterns in alcohol consumption. We used mixed-effects models to describe individual alcohol consumption and change in consumption with age, as well as the associations between consumption and birth year, national alcohol consumption, and demographic factors, among 14 105 adults from the National Health and ...
Li Xiao C - - 2005
Previous studies in humans have demonstrated a high co-morbidity between alcoholism and smoking. This co-morbidity between alcohol and nicotine dependence can be attributed, in part, to common genetic factors. In rodents, behavioral and physiological responses to alcohol and nicotine also appear to share common genetic influences. In this report, the ...
Kuepper-Nybelen Jutta - - 2005
PURPOSE: Several studies have demonstrated an inverse relationship between current moderate alcohol consumption and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection suggesting that alcohol consumption may facilitate elimination of this chronic infection. The aim of this study was to further explore this hypothesis by taking lifetime alcohol consumption, which may be a ...
Anzai Yukiko - - 2005
AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to examine the association between alcohol consumption and in-patient and out-patient care utilization and its costs, respectively. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: The present data were derived from a 4-year prospective observation of National Health Insurance beneficiaries in rural Japan. A total of 17 ...
Heeb Jean-Luc - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To address systematic variations related to the day of the interview in self-reports of alcohol consumption in telephone health surveys. The investigations include temporal clustering effects, prediction of alcohol consumption and variations across days by characteristics of respondents and interviewing period, and sensitivity to variations of measurements instruments. METHOD: ...
Scheurich A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol consumption is a central variable in substance abuse research and treatment. The study reports the psychometric characteristics of the German version of the Form 90 interview for the assessment of recent alcohol consumption. METHOD: Reliability was evaluated in a test-retest study (7 days) with 30 consecutively admitted psychiatric ...
Sommers Marilyn Sawyer - - 2005
In both the clinical and research settings, nurses assess patterns of alcohol consumption to screen for risk of adverse events or to determine the health consequences of drinking. The purposes of this critical review are to explore issues and controversies surrounding the measurement of alcohol consumption and to critique the ...
Munafò M R - - 2005
An association between the DRD2 Taq1A (C32806T) polymorphism and social alcohol consumption in the opposite direction to that reported for alcoholism has recently been reported in a male Finnish sample. We attempted to replicate these findings in two independent samples, and extend on previous work by including female participants. The ...
Simons Jeffrey S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations between alcohol use and PTSD symptoms among Red Cross workers who responded to the 9/11/2001 attacks. METHOD: Participants were 779 Red Cross paid and volunteer staff that responded during the first three months to the September 11, 2001, attacks against the United States. Women made ...
Imhof A - - 2004
AIM: Anti-inflammatory effects of moderate alcohol consumption have been proposed to explain why moderate alcohol intake lowers coronary heart disease risk. We investigated the relationship between overall alcohol, beer or wine consumption and markers of systemic inflammation in three different geographical areas in Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cross-sectional samples, each ...
Freiberg Matthew S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relations of alcohol consumption to the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its components in the U.S. population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis on data from 8,125 participants from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination ...
Arndt Volker - - 2004
PURPOSE: Numerous epidemiological studies on middle aged men suggest that moderate alcohol consumption lowers all-cause mortality. Uncertainty exists whether this finding also applies to younger adults. METHODS: The authors studied the age specific association between alcohol consumption and all-cause mortality in a cohort of 19,943 male employees in the German ...
Demory-Luce Debby - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess changes in food group consumption patterns from childhood to young adulthood. DESIGN: Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls were collected on a longitudinal sample of young adults. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Dietary intake data were collected on 246 young adults (70% European American, 30% African American) aged ...
Blanchette P - - 2004
High-dose factor prophylaxis, defined as the infusion of 25-40 factor (F) VIII International Units (IU) kg bodyweight (bw)(-1)> or = x 3 per week, started at age 1-2 years of life in boys with severe haemophilia A prevents the development of significant bleed-related arthropathy. However, programmes of prophylaxis are very ...
Miyake Yoshihiro - - 2004
AIMS: There has been little interest in the role of nutrition in prevention of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We investigated the relationship between dietary intake of vegetables, fruit, cereals, antioxidants, and fiber and the risk of IPF in Japan. METHODS: Included were 104 cases aged 40 years or over who ...
Curtin M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: During adolescence, people tend to begin drinking alcohol and become involved in the culture that surrounds it. AIM: To compare the influence of peer relationships among females in mixed-sex schools versus single-sex schools on cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in four schools. ...
Norström Thor - - 2004
AIMS: To estimate the relationship between per capita alcohol consumption and male all-cause mortality in Canada. DATA AND METHOD: The outcome measure comprised annual data on male all-cause mortality for the period 1950-98. Alcohol sales (in litres 100% alcohol) were used as proxy for per capita consumption. The data were ...
Picone Gabriel A - - 2004
In the last few years, the price of cigarettes has increased considerably in the USA. In addition, a number of states have also imposed smoking bans. These increases in the cost and barriers to smoking have created a natural experiment to study relationships between smoking and drinking behaviors. In this ...
Tur Josep A - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) in the population of the Balearic Islands and socio-demographic and lifestyle factors that might determine adherence to the MDP. A cross-sectional nutritional survey was carried out in the Balearic Islands between 1999 and ...
Stranges Saverio - - 2004
AIMS OF THE STUDY: In the last 40 years, African Americans have experienced higher age-adjusted liver cirrhosis mortality rates than whites. Alcohol use has been hypothesized to be the likely determinant of this disparity in liver disease mortality. This study was aimed at evaluating racial variations in common biomarkers of ...
Gadon Lisa - - 2004
Alcohol 'cognitions' were explored using an implicit methodology [Stacy, Leigh and Weingardt, 1994]. In Study 1, an Associations Questionnaire was developed with young adult undergraduates (median=20 years) comprising culturally available (i.e., high-frequency occurrence) and idiosyncratic (i.e., low-frequency occurrence) positive and negative alcohol consumption outcomes and positive and negative outcomes of ...
Kerr William C - - 2004
To estimate the separate influences of age, period and cohort on the consumption of beer wine and spirits in the United States. Linear age-period-cohort models controlling for demographic change with extensive specification testing. Setting US general population 1979-2000. Monthly average of past-year consumption of beer, wine and spirits in five ...
Gulliver Pauline - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether aggression, parent and peer influences, and previous traffic-related experiences at ages 15 and 18 impacted on (a) differences between the perceived safe and estimated legal alcohol consumption limit, and (b) driving while impaired (DWI) behaviour at age 21. METHOD: The study population was a birth cohort ...
Yamada Yuichi - - 2004
The association between cigarette consumption and prevalence of mild proteinuria (30-99 mg/dl of albumin) was analyzed in 11,569 male and 4,715 female workers aged 18-67 yr recruited from an occupational population. Proteinuria was found in 274 (2.4%) of the total male workers and in 50 (1.1%) of the total females. ...
Husemoen L L N - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between various lifestyle factors--smoking habits, physical activity, dietary habits, coffee, tea, and alcohol consumption--and homocysteine (tHcy) in relation to MTHFR(C677T) genotype. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: Residents of Copenhagen County, Denmark. SUBJECTS: A random sample of 6457 men and women aged 30-60 years drawn from ...
Sesok Janja - - 2004
AIM: To document over-time per capita alcohol consumption and connection between per capita alcohol consumption and indicators of short and long term alcohol-related harm. METHODS: Registered alcohol consumption was calculated from the data on production and trade of alcoholic beverages, using World Health Organization recommended methodology for the 1981-2002 period. ...
Martini Ana Carolina - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of alcohol or cigarette consumption on seminal parameters in a large population of men attending an andrology laboratory. DESIGN: Analysis of ten years of data (1990-1999). SETTING: Andrology and Reproduction Laboratory (Córdoba, Argentina). PATIENT(S): Patients (3,976) were grouped according to nonsmokers; <==20 cigarettes/day; >20 cigarettes/day; ...
Colby Suzanne M - - 2004
Nicotine and alcohol may have common neurobiological mechanisms of reinforcement. Therefore, withholding one substance might result in compensatory increases in self-administration of the other. This laboratory study investigated the effects of brief tobacco deprivation on alcohol cue-elicited urges to drink, corresponding psychophysiological reactions, and alcohol consumption. Young adults (N=78) who ...
Golka Klaus - - 2004
Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is a biomarker for chronic alcohol intake of more than 60 g ethanol/d. It has been reported to be superior to conventional markers like gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and mean corpuscular volume MCV). This review covers theoretical and analytical aspects, with data from controlled drinking experiments and from different ...
Livy Daniel J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It is well known that alcohol consumption during pregnancy can result in lower birth weight babies but many women stop consuming alcohol prior to conception as a part of pregnancy planning. The purpose of this study was to determine whether alcohol consumption prior to conception may also have an ...
McPherson Mervyl - - 2004
AIMS: This paper aims to compare women's and men's alcohol consumption patterns and alcohol-related problems in New Zealand in 1995 and 2000, by age groups. Secondary aims are to consider the findings in relation to debates on the gender convergence hypothesis regarding the link between gender convergence in alcohol consumption ...
Nyaruhucha C N M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine nutritional status, food habits and functional abilities of the institutionalised and non-institutionalised elderly. DESIGN: A cross-sectional population survey. SETTING: Free living and institutionalised elderly of Morogoro municipality, Tanzania. SUBJECTS: A total of 100 elderly people, fifty institutionalised and fifty non-institutionalised were included. Gender distribution was of equal ...
Mohler-Kuo Meichun - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The spirits market in Switzerland was reformed in 1999 in accordance with the World Trade Organization agreement. The resulting tax reform and increased competition have resulted in markedly reduced prices for foreign spirits, and a previous study showed that spirits consumption increased significantly after the tax reform. The present ...
Raimondi S - - 2004
The objectives were to study the association between metabolic genes involved in alcohol metabolism (CYP2E1 RsaI, CYP2E1 DraI, ADH1C, NQO1) and alcohol consumption in a large sample of healthy controls. Healthy subjects were selected from the International Collaborative Study on Genetic Susceptibility to Environmental Carcinogens (GSEC). Subjects with information on ...
Hajat Shakoor - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Very little work on alcohol consumption patterns in older people has been undertaken. As a result, knowledge about the prevalence and characteristics of regular drinkers and heavy drinkers in this age group remains limited. OBJECTIVE: To determine the socio-economic and health characteristics associated with different levels of alcohol intake ...
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