Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1013
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Shoham David A - - 2008
End-stage renal disease rates rose following widespread introduction of high fructose corn syrup in the American diet, supporting speculation that fructose harms the kidney. Sugar-sweetened soda is a primary source of fructose. We therefore hypothesized that sugary soda consumption was associated with albuminuria, a sensitive marker for kidney disease. Design ...
Badrick Ellena E Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1-19 Torrington Place, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom. - - 2008
Evidence for an association between alcohol consumption and activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is inconclusive. Our objective was to assess the relationship between indices of alcohol consumption and salivary cortisol concentration. This was a cross-sectional study of alcohol consumption and cortisol secretion from phase 7 (2002-2004) of the Whitehall ...
Thyssen J P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Population-based epidemiological studies have indicated that alcohol consumption is associated with IgE-mediated immune diseases (i.e. allergic rhinitis, asthma and urticaria). These studies have been strongly supported by several immunological studies. Furthermore, an inhibitory effect of alcohol consumption on the development of delayed-type hypersensitivity has been shown in healthy controls. ...
Sakurai Susumu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption as well as overweight is known to aggravate the severity of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), but little is known about alcohol consumption in truck drivers. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between alcohol consumption and SDB among truck drivers. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional ...
Choudhury Kaneta - - 2007
Bangladesh typifies many developing countries experiencing an increasing trend in tobacco consumption. However, little is known about the general pattern of tobacco consumption and about population groups who are more prone to tobacco consumption. This paper aimed at generating knowledge on tobacco consumption, especially emphasizing the identification of sociodemographic groups ...
Stafström Martin - - 2008
The purpose of the present study was to analyse if a community-based intervention has led to a decrease in alcohol-related accidents and violence, and whether this was mediated by a reduction in excessive drinking and frequency of distilled spirits consumption. We applied logistic regression analyses on cross-sectional, non-repeated data, which ...
Libuda Lars - - 2008
In the present study the relationship between the consumption of different beverage groups and body-weight status in 5 years of study participation in German adolescents was investigated. We used anthropometric and dietary data from 3 d weighed records of 244 subjects between 9 and 18 years of age participating in ...
Mäkelä Pia - - 2008
AIMS: The aim of this paper is to study short-term changes in alcohol consumption by subgroups of the population in Denmark, Finland and southern Sweden following large-scale decreases in alcohol taxation in Denmark and Finland and large increases in travellers' allowances in Finland and Sweden. DESIGN: General population random samples ...
Valeix Pierre - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine a possible relationship between alcohol consumption and thyroid volume and function. SUBJECTS: A total of 1493 subjects (599 males aged 45-60 years and 894 females aged 35-60 years) with no known thyroid disorders who were participating in the SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) study. MEASURES: ...
Chande, Hassan
Objective: To determine the prevalence of alcohol consumption in Temeke district by social demographic characteristics. Methodology: Population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Temeke district involving persons above 15 years of age. We selected Keko ward for the study and simple random sampling procedure was used to select clusters of ten-cell ...
Giltay Erik J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Dispositional optimism has been associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular mortality, but the underlying mechanisms are still largely unknown. We therefore studied whether dispositional optimism was associated with healthy lifestyle and dietary habits. METHODS: In 773 (87.1%) of 887 Dutch elderly community-living men with complete data in 1985, ...
Hasin Deborah S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We examined the effects of exposure to or interpersonal loss resulting from a terrorist attack on posttraumatic stress and alcohol consumption after we controlled for psychiatric history assessed before the attack. METHODS: At baseline (1991-1992) and at 1- and 10-year follow-ups, an adult community sample of drinkers living approximately ...
Lopes Carla - - 2008
AIMS: This study aims to analyze alcohol consumption patterns throughout a week, controlled by socio-demographic characteristics, and to discuss the adequacy of the complex models employed. METHODS: The sample included 496 participants, from both sexes, > or =40 years old and with 7-day dietary records. Bayesian generalized additive mixed models ...
Chande Hassan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of alcohol consumption in Temeke district by social demographic characteristics. METHODOLOGY: Population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Temeke district involving persons above 15 years of age. We selected Keko ward for the study and simple random sampling procedure was used to select clusters of ten-cell ...
Nitzke Susan - - 2007
PURPOSE: Assess effectiveness of an intervention to improve fruit and vegetable consumption in economically disadvantaged young adults. DESIGN: Randomized treatment-control, pre-post design. SETTING: Ten states. SUBJECTS: Young adults (n = 2024, ages 18-24) were recruited from noncollege venues; 1255 (62%) completed assessment interviews at baseline and at 4 and 12 ...
Mandge, Vishal Arunbhai
The study sample was comprised of 18,953 subjects aged 18 years and older who participated in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Preference for diet soda over regular soda was higher in females as compared to males and in Caucasians as compared to other races. Mean alcohol consumption ...
Nakamura Yasuyuki - - 2007
To investigate the association between fish consumption and early atherosclerosis, we analyzed the relationship between fish consumption and average intima-media thickness (AveIMT) by carotid ultrasound in middle-aged Japanese men. Participants were 250 randomly selected, community-based Japanese men aged 40 to 49 years without a prior history of cardiovascular disease. AveIMT ...
Shevlin Mark - - 2007
AIMS: To assess the psychometric structure and construct validity of the alcohol use disorder identification test (AUDIT) in a Great Britain population sample. METHODS: A stratified multi-stage random sample of 7849 participants completed the AUDIT as part of a computer assisted interview. Confirmatory factor analyses were conducted testing one to ...
Ogura Kyoko - - 2007
PURPOSE: To define the normative ranges of the Current Perception Threshold (CPT) of the palatal mucosa and to correlate it with the subjects' attributes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 129 informed healthy subjects consented to participate in the study. A Neurometer NS3000 device was used to evaluate the CPTs ...
Singleton Royce A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although studies consistently have found a negative bivariate association between alcohol use and academic performance among college students, some research suggests that this association largely results from student differences at matriculation. The present study examines this relationship while controlling for key background factors. METHOD: Personal interview surveys were conducted ...
Figueiral M H - - 2007
The aim of this study was to identify and characterize aetiological and predisposing factors in denture-related stomatitis (DRS), by means of a case-control, transversal study, in a large cohort of 140 persons wearing removable maxillary polymethylamethacrylate prostheses. Data were obtained by (1) a questionnaire that included the identification of the ...
Knudtson Michael D MD Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53726, USA. - - 2007
To investigate alcohol consumption as a risk factor for the 15-year cumulative incidence and progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Prospective population-based study in Beaver Dam, WI with four examinations at five-year intervals initiated in 1988 (n = 3,509 contributed data for this analysis). History of alcohol consumption was obtained ...
Elovainio Marko - - 2007
This study examined the role of pre-employment factors, such as maternal antenatal depression, low birth weight, childhood socioeconomic position, early adolescence health risk behaviours and academic performance, in the relationship between work characteristics (low job control and high job demands, or job strain) and psychological distress at age 31. The ...
van de Luitgaarden Jade - - 2007
Expectancy challenges (ECs) were used to change alcohol expectancies and alcohol consumption in young heavy drinking men (age 16-24) on holiday. The intervention took place in community centers and bars. Alcohol expectancies and consumption were assessed with paper and pencil measures prior to the intervention (N=301) and 2 days afterwards ...
Chrysohoou Christina - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits have long been associated with many manifestations of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate whether a diet enriched with fish and n-3 fatty acid consumption are associated with changes in the potential duration of the electrical action, as represented by the QT duration on a resting ...
Yildirim Onder - - 2007
In this study, Aphanius chantrei's behaviour of feeding on mosquito larvae has been determined under experimental conditions. In groups that have different sizes (first group 27 mm; second group 40 mm; third group 47 mm), larvae consumption has increased with length and weight. During daytime, average larvae consumption has been ...
Ioannou George N - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Excessive alcohol consumption and iron overload might act in synergy to promote hepatic fibrogenesis and carcinogenesis. We examined the relation between baseline serum transferrin-iron saturation (TS) and the incidence of hospitalizations or deaths related to cirrhosis and liver cancer as well as the influence of alcohol consumption ...
Braithwaite R S - - 2007
Alcohol consumption is associated with decreased antiretroviral adherence, and decreased adherence results in poorer outcomes. However the magnitude of alcohol's impact on survival is unknown. Our objective was to use a calibrated and validated simulation of HIV disease to estimate the impact of alcohol on survival. We incorporated clinical data ...
Fitzgerald Edward F - - 2007
The upper Hudson River has been heavily contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) due to discharges from former electrical capacitor plants in Hudson Falls and Fort Edward, NY. An epidemiologic study was conducted to assess the impact of dietary and residential exposure on PCB body burden among older, long-term, non-occupationally exposed ...
Clementi M - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To clarify the precise mode of inheritance of Gilbert syndrome, an unconjugated familial hyperbilirubinemia, where impaired bilirubin conjugation is caused by reduced UGT1A1 activity determined by a defective function of the A(TA)6TAA promoter region of the UGT1A1 gene. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Serum bilirubin levels were measured in ...
Bye Elin K - - 2007
AIMS: To assess the aggregate association between alcohol consumption and violence, while controlling for potential confounders. DESIGN AND MEASUREMENTS: The data comprise aggregate time-series for Norway in the period 1880-2003 and 1911-2003 on criminal violence rates and per capita alcohol consumption. Possible confounders comprise annual rates of unemployment, divorce, marriage, ...
Fisher Jonathan D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The home is both older Americans' largest asset and their largest consumption good. This article employs new data on the consumption and assets of older Americans to investigate what role the home plays in the economic lives of older adults. METHODS: We used 20 years of data from the ...
Popova Svetlana - - 2007
AIMS: To give an overview of the volume of alcohol consumption, beverage preference, and patterns of drinking among adults (people 15 years and older) in central and eastern Europe (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia) and to compare it to southern and western Europe, ...
Juárez Jorge - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It is well known that alcohol increases opioid activity, which can contribute to the reinforcing effect of alcohol. Clinical studies have supported reductions in alcohol consumption among alcoholic patients during treatment with opioid antagonists (OAs) and its use is recommended for this purpose. Experimental studies have demonstrated opioid receptor ...
Vitolins Mara Z MZ Department of Biostatistical Science, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. - - 2007
To evaluate diet quality of rural older adults using national dietary guidelines and the Healthy Eating Index (HEI). Five to six 24-hour recalls were conducted at monthly intervals over a 6-month period, using the Nutrition Coordinating Center food grouping system to calculate intake. Included in this cross-sectional study were 63 ...
Xiao Qingzhong - - 2007
EPC number and functionality are assumed to reflect the endogenous vascular repair capacity with the EPC pool declining in higher ages and being exhausted by unfavorable life-style and risk factors. This intriguing and clinically highly relevant concept, however, has so far been derived from small case-control studies and patient series. ...
Van Walleghen Emily L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the consumption of water 30 minutes before an ad libitum meal reduces meal energy intake in young and older adults. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Healthy, non-obese young (n = 29; age, 21 to 35 years) and older (n = 21; age, 60 to 80 years) individuals ...
Xu F - - 2007
The objective of this study was to examine the association of red meat and vegetable consumption with excess bodyweight. This is a cross sectional study, conducted between October 2000 and March 2001. Participants included 23,316 local residents aged 35 and above from 45 administrative villages randomly selected from urban and ...
Assing Kristian - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A few studies have indicated a positive association between consumption of alcohol and allergic sensitization in age and socioeconomically heterogeneous populations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between consumption of alcohol and allergic sensitization in a young homogenous population of high social class (a group with a suspected high prevalence ...
Falah-Hassani Kobra - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Adolescents need to be aware that there is a method of preventing pregnancy even after an unprotected intercourse. Limited information is available on the awareness of young adolescents and the effects of selling emergency contraception (EC) over-the-counter, and the findings are controversial. The aims of this study were to ...
Watts Malcolm - - 2007
This article discusses some of the concerns regarding older people's excess alcohol consumption and draws specific attention to those considered to be very elderly. Concerns have been expressed that the worldwide increase in the ageing population indicates that the number of older people with alcohol problems is increasing. The article ...
Rehm Jürgen - - 2007
Alcohol has been identified as one of the most important risk factors in the burden experienced as a result of disease. The objective of the present contribution is to establish a framework to comparatively quantify alcohol exposure as it is relevant for burden of disease. Different key indicators are combined ...
Lucht Michael - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Both reduced postsynaptic dopamine D(2) receptor function and the character variable self-directedness (SDD) are related to the level of alcohol consumption. We examined for interactions between DRD2 exon 8(rs6276), a polymorphism which has been associated with various alcohol-related phenotypes, SDD and alcohol consumption. METHODS: A total of 144 male ...
Chaveepojnkamjorn Wisit - - 2007
A cross-sectional study was conducted to explore factors associated with alcohol consumption among upper secondary school students in Nakhon Ratchasima Province. A multistage sampling technique was used for selecting 850 students from 6 schools and subjects were classified into 2 groups according to hazardous alcohol drinking (yes=107, no=743) by the ...
Ichihara Kiyoshi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To derive reference intervals (RIs) for cystatin C (CysC), we examined sources of variation in its serum concentration by multiple regression analysis. METHODS: A total of 596 healthy subjects (30-75 years of age) who underwent an annual health check were chosen as candidate reference individuals who did not have ...
Arvanitidou Malamatenia - - 2007
AIM OF THIS STUDY: To obtain data on alcohol consumption among school children of secondary education and to investigate any correlation to their health behaviors and parental socioeconomic status. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to students from a representative sample of 15 schools from Thessaloniki, the second (after Athens) largest ...
Chick Jonathan - - 2007
Alcohol use is one of the two main aetiologies of acute pancreatitis. Detection of excessive alcohol consumption is problematic, illustrated by the fact that self-reports of alcohol consumption account for only approximately 50% of the reported sales of alcohol. To improve the reliability, structured questionnaires and various biochemical markers have ...
Kelishadi Roya - - 2007
To examine the relation of dietary and physical activity (PA) patterns with the body mass index (BMI), and the associations between these patterns among children. A representative sample of 21 111 school students aged 6-18 years was selected by multistage random cluster sampling from 23 provinces in the Islamic Republic ...
Campbell Peter T - - 2007
PURPOSE: This work provides an empirical assessment of the usefulness of obtaining exposure data from proxy respondents. METHODS: Two independent case groups were formed in data from a population-based case-control study. One case set was derived from proxy respondents. The second case series was derived from respondents who self-reported. The ...
Storey Maureen L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine beverage consumption across age, sex, and race/ethnicity categories using the most current data available, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002. DESIGN: Beverage consumption that included fluid milk, fruit juices, regular and diet carbonated soft drinks, regular and diet fruit ...
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