Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1012
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Van Den Bulck Hilde - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed the framing of alcohol consumption in the American adolescent drama series The OC. METHOD: All 51 episodes of Seasons 1 and 2 of The OC were coded for visual and verbal references to beverage use on the level of the scene (n = 1,895) and on ...
Gupta Susham - - 2008
Evidence suggests a J-shaped relationship between alcohol consumption and cognitive impairment and other health indicators, with low levels of consumption having better outcomes than abstention or moderate to heavy drinking. Most research to date has focused on the protective effects of drinking small amounts of alcohol. As alcohol consumption is ...
Schonlau Matthias - - 2008
The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between alcohol availability, as measured by the density of off-premise alcohol outlets, and alcohol consumption in Los Angeles county and southern Louisiana, USA. Consumption information was collected through a telephone survey of 2,881 households in Los Angeles county and pre-Katrina ...
Mackillop James - - 2009
Behavioral economic demand curves are quantitative representations of the relationship between consumption of a drug and its cost. Demand curves provide a multidimensional assessment of reinforcement, but the relationships among the various indices of reinforcement have been largely unstudied. The objective of the study is to use exploratory factor analysis ...
Ferreira Maria Pontes - - 2008
The most rapidly growing segment of the US population is that of older adults (> or =65 years). Trends of aging adults (those aged > or =50 years) show that fewer women than men consume alcohol, women consume less alcohol than men, and total alcohol intake decreases after retirement. A ...
Doran Christopher M - - 2009
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to estimate the revenue gained from consumption of alcohol by adolescents for each beverage type for the year 2005. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of self-reported alcohol use in the 2005 Australian Secondary School Surveys Alcohol and Drug Use. SETTING: Australia. FINDINGS: Over 506,000 adolescents ...
Skeel Reid L - - 2008
Research has demonstrated a variable relationship between alcohol consumption and self-report personality measures of novelty seeking and harm avoidance. Research has also demonstrated a relationship between performance-based measures of risk taking and substance use. The current study compared the utility of personality measures and performance-based measures in the prediction of ...
Kuo Yau-Chang - - 2009
This study investigated the association between green tea consumption and leukemia. A total of 252 cases (90.3% response) and 637 controls (53.4% response) were enrolled. Controls were matched for cases on age and gender. Information was collected on participants' living habits, including tea consumption. Green tea was used as a ...
Parker Lycia L C - - 2008
AIM: A strongly held popular belief is that alcohol increases the perceived attractiveness of members of the opposite sex. Despite this, there are no experimental data that investigate this possibility. We therefore explored the relationship between acute alcohol consumption and ratings of attractiveness of facial stimuli. METHODS: We investigated male ...
Cerda Magdalena - - 2008
Alcohol use increased in the New York City (NYC) metropolitan area in the first months after the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks. AIMS: To investigate alcohol use trajectories in the NYC metropolitan area in the 3 years after 11 September and examine the relative contributions of acute exposure to the ...
Zhang Yuqing - - 2008
Population trends in patterns of alcohol use are important data for policymakers but are generally based on repeated cross-sectional surveys. We used self-reported alcohol consumption data collected repeatedly over 50 years (1948-2003) among 8600 Framingham Heart Study participants to determine patterns of alcohol use and disorders according to sex, age, ...
Reich Michael S - - 2008
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) members represent an important and relatively understudied population for improving our understanding of alcohol dependence recovery as over 1 million Americans participate in the program. Further insight into coffee and cigarette use by these individuals is necessary given AA members' apparent widespread consumption and the recognized health ...
Guéguen Nicolas - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: It had been found that environmental music was associated with an increase in alcohol consumption. The presence versus absence of music, high versus slow tempo and the different styles of environmental music is associated with different level of alcohol consumption. However, the effect of the level of the environmental ...
Berkey Catherine S - - 2008
To examine whether excessive recreational Internet time, insufficient sleep, regular coffee consumption, or alcoholic beverages promote weight gain. A longitudinal cohort of >5000 girls (Growing Up Today Study), from all over the United States and aged 14 to 21 years, returned surveys in 2001 reporting typical past-year recreational Internet time, ...
Adams Leon A - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relative effects of obesity compared to alcohol on liver injury are uncertain. We examined their effects on alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT) levels in a population-based cohort. METHODS: Adult residents (2610: 1326 males, 1284 females) from Busselton, Australia, participated in a cross-sectional survey determining ...
Moya Jacqueline - - 2008
Fish consumption rates derived from national surveys may not accurately reflect consumption rates in a particular population such as recreational anglers. Many state and local health agencies in the U.S. have conducted area-specific surveys to study fish consumption patterns in local populations, assess exposure to environmental contaminants, or evaluate compliance ...
Nittayananta W - - 2008
To determine if chlorhexidine can be used as an intervention to prolong the time to relapse of oral candidiasis. A double-blinded randomized clinical trial was performed in 75 HIV/AIDS subjects with oral candidiasis. Clotrimazole troche was prescribed, and the subjects were re-examined every 2 weeks until the lesions were completely ...
Bemrah Nawel - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe part of the results of the CALIPSO study, i.e. to provide seafood consumption data on high seafood consumers in France and its contribution to n-3 long-chain (LC) PUFA intake. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: A total of 1011 individuals aged 18 years and over, who consumed fish and seafood ...
Hansell Narelle K - - 2008
Alcohol dependence symptoms and consumption measures were examined for stability and heritability. Data were collected from 12,045 individuals (5376 twin pairs, 1293 single twins) aged 19 to 90 years in telephone interviews conducted in three collection phases. Phases 1 and 2 were independent samples, but Phase 3 targeted families of ...
Christie Israel C - - 2008
A substantial epidemiological literature now supports the existence of a J or U-shaped association between alcohol consumption and a broad range cardiovascular health outcomes including stroke. Although it is well documented that alcoholics exhibit both global and regional cerebral hypoperfusion in the sober state, little is known regarding the effects ...
Greene Geoffrey W - - 2008
PURPOSE: We test the efficacy of an intervention based on the transtheoretical model to increase the intake of fruits and vegetables and to describe differences in psychosocial variables based on the achievement of the 5 A Day Program target. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study is a randomized controlled trial comparing ...
Attwood A S - - 2009
Alcohol consumption has been associated with increases in aggressive behaviour. However, experimental evidence of a direct association is equivocal, and mechanisms that may underlie this relationship are poorly understood. One mechanism by which alcohol consumption may increase aggressive behaviour is via alterations in processing of emotional facial cues. We investigated ...
Fulgoni Victor L VL - - 2008
In recent years there has been considerable interest in the benefits of high-protein diets. This study determined current usual intake of protein in America. Using the most recent data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2004, usual protein intake for Americans aged 2+ years was estimated. Usual protein ...
Theall Katherine P KP Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, SL-18, 1440 Canal Street, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between alcohol consumption and HIV-1 vaginal shedding. HIV-1 infected women attending a large urban HIV primary care clinic in New Orleans, LA, between June 2002 and October 2004 who underwent a gynecological exam, were 18 years of age or older, ...
Friedrich Nele - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have shown that self-reported alcohol intake is positively associated with total serum immunoglobin E (IgE) levels. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association of self-reported alcohol consumption and different biomarkers of alcohol exposure to total serum IgE levels in a general ...
Rantakokko Panu - - 2008
The objective of this study was to measure the concentrations of organotin compounds in the whole blood of Finnish male fishermen (n=133), their wives (n=94), and other family members (n=73), and to investigate their associations with background variables. The concentrations were generally low, less than the limit of quantification (LOQ) ...
Fan Jian-Gao - - 2008
AIM: To examine the relations of alcohol consumption to the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Shanghai adults. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data from the randomized multistage stratified cluster sampling of Shanghai adults, who were evaluated for alcohol consumption and each component of metabolic syndrome, using the adapted ...
Dziurda Dominik - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to analyze the antibacterial drug consumption pattern in a 1-million-plus strictly defined population in Poland. We assessed outpatient antibiotic sales (ATC J01) in relation to patient age and season of the year, and sought to determine the group of patients with the most ...
Akbaraly Tasnime N TN Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK. - - 2008
Our aim was to investigate how socio-demographic factors influence trends and age-related trajectories of fish consumption. We examined consumption of total, fried and recommended fish (white and oily fish, and shellfish) in the Whitehall II study over 11 years in participants aged 39-59 years at phase 3. The cohort included ...
Keary Therese A - - 2008
Heavy alcohol consumption has been associated with several adverse neurocognitive outcomes in older adults, though little is known about lower consumption levels. No study has investigated the associations between S100beta and amyloid beta (Abeta) serum levels (biomarkers that provide evidence of neurological pathology) and light to moderate alcohol consumption in ...
Park Jong-Tae - - 2008
We evaluated alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems in Korean adults by evaluating alcohol consumption and responses to the CAGE questionnaire obtained from the second Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The age-adjusted prevalence of males who consumed 0, 0.1-20, 20.1-40, or >40 g/day of alcohol were 28.0, 51.5, 12.5, ...
Riediger Natalie D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to: 1) describe the patterns of fruit and vegetable (f&v) intake in Canadian elderly and 2) identify socio-demographic factors that were associated with the low consumption. METHODS: Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey cycle 2.1 (2003), Public Use File, were used. ...
Jansson Leif - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To study the association of alcohol consumption with dental health in a sample from the County of Stockholm. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a longitudinal investigation, 513 individuals were examined in 1970 and 1990. Clinical and radiographic examinations were performed as well as an interview including questions on alcohol consumption. ...
Sakuta Hidenari - - 2008
Abstract Background: Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and erythrocyte mean corpuscular volume (MCV) are well-known biological markers of excessive ethanol consumption. Methods: The beverage-specific effects of ethanol consumption on GGT level and MCV value were analyzed cross-sectionally and retrospectively among middle-aged Japanese men who underwent a retirement health checkup (n=974). Results: Both ...
Tousoulis Dimitris - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIM: Mild alcohol consumption has been associated with decreased cardiovascular risk, although the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. We compared the acute effects of several alcoholic beverages on endothelial function, inflammatory process and thrombosis/fibrinolysis system in young adults. METHODS: In this randomized intervention trial, healthy young individuals with ...
García Karla Selene López - - 2008
Adolescence is a vulnerable period and facilitates the start of risk behaviors, for instance the use of drugs. This study aims to describe the differences between antisocial behavior and alcohol consumption according to gender, age and education; as well as to discover the relation between antisocial behavior and alcohol consumption ...
Caamaño-Isorna Francisco - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of risky consumption (RC) and heavy episodic drinking (HED) in Spanish university students and their associated factors. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis (target N = 2,700) within the framework of a cohort study designed to evaluate the neuropsychological ...
Driessen M T - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Coffee consumption has been postulated to decrease the risk of diabetes mellitus type II. The long-term effects of coffee consumption on the metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components are unknown. This study investigated the relationship of long-term coffee consumption between the age of 27 and 36 years with the ...
Liew Gerald - - 2008
Low birthweight is associated with increased risk of hypertension, but underlying mechanisms are obscure. We hypothesized structural microvascular alterations may be one such mechanism. We examined the association of birthweight and retinal arteriolar caliber in 3800 persons aged 51 to 72 years participating in a population-based study in 4 US ...
Wurst Friedrich M - - 2008
A 37-year-old female subject had been convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol, and 19 months later, claimed abstinence after supervised disulfiram treatment. Our aim was to elucidate the value of direct ethanol metabolites as measures of abstinence. Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) in hair, ...
Espinet Alfredo - - 2008
In each of two experiments, two groups of rats were exposed to three flavoured solutions: A (citric acid), B (salt), and AX (a compound of citric acid and saccharin). Both experiments used a between-subjects design in which a paired group received presentations of A followed by B, alternating with presentations ...
Reynolds K - - 2008
We examined the relationship between alcohol consumption and incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in a prospective cohort of 65 601 Chinese men aged 40 years and older. Information on the amount and type of alcohol consumed was collected at a baseline examination with follow-up evaluations conducted 8-9 years later. ...
Peterson Karen E - - 2008
Two short frequency questionnaires, the NCI 19-item Fruit and Vegetable Screener (FVS) and a single question on overall fruit and vegetable consumption (1-item), were evaluated for their ability to assess change in fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption over time and in response to intervention among participants in 5 health promotion ...
Meier Patrick - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Alcohol consumption among the elderly has increased. Alcohol metabolism changes with age and the elderly are more sensitive to the toxic effects; this increased consumption is therefore of great clinical relevance. RECENT FINDINGS: Metabolism of ethanol changes with advancing age because activity of the enzymes involved, such ...
Ding Jianhua - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of alcohol dehydrogenase-2 (ADH2) and aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) genotypes as well as alcohol drinking to the susceptibility of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: A case-control study including 208 cases of HCC and 208 controls matched with sex, age and residential area was carried out in ...
Kotani Kazuhiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Usual coffee consumption may decrease insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes incidence, and reduce cardiovascular disease risk. As a mechanism, coffee-induced lower levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker for the development of these diseases, can be considered. The associations between coffee consumption and CRP should be established by ...
Sakutata Hidenari - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and erythrocyte mean corpuscular volume (MCV) are well-known biological markers of excessive ethanol consumption. METHODS: The beverage-specific effects of ethanol consumption on GGT level and MCV value were analyzed cross-sectionally and retrospectively among middle-aged Japanese men who underwent a retirement health checkup (n = 974). RESULTS: ...
Trockel Mickey - - 2008
The authors examined the influence of fraternity men's expectancies regarding secondhand consequences of excessive drinking behavior on normative standards regarding alcohol use and consumption levels. Participants were 381 men from 26 chapters of 2 national fraternities. One organization participated in a brief intervention involving discussion of secondhand consequences of excessive ...
Johnsson Kent O - - 2008
AIMS: Changes in AUDIT score trajectories were examined in a student population during their first 4 years at a university, including high-risk consumers and a subsample of low-risk consumers. METHOD: 359 students were selected for the present study, comprising all high-risk consumers (the 27% with highest scores, i.e. 11 for ...
Shoham David A - - 2008
End-stage renal disease rates rose following widespread introduction of high fructose corn syrup in the American diet, supporting speculation that fructose harms the kidney. Sugar-sweetened soda is a primary source of fructose. We therefore hypothesized that sugary soda consumption was associated with albuminuria, a sensitive marker for kidney disease. Design ...
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