Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1012
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Razvodovsky Y E - - 2010
Recent research evidence suggests that the consumption of different types of alcoholic beverage may have a differential effect on cardiovascular diseases (CVD) mortality rates. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between the consumption of different beverage types and CVD mortality rates in Russia across the later-Soviet ...
Petersen Liselotte - - 2010
Adoption studies have been used to disentangle the influence of genes from shared familial environment on various traits and disease risks. However, both the factors leading to adoption and living as an adoptee may bias the studies with regard to the relative influence of genes and environment compared to the ...
Hansen Christian Stevns - - 2010
To determine the validity of the Danish urban myth that it is possible to get drunk by submerging feet in alcohol. Open labelled, self experimental study, with no control group. Office of a Danish hospital. Three adults, median age 32 (range 31-35), free of chronic skin and liver disease and ...
Lee Chioun - - 2010
This study examined trajectories of substance use among Black and White young men (N = 983) from adolescence to emerging adulthood using two-part growth curve analysis. Controlling for parental socioeconomic status, Blacks were significantly less likely to use alcohol and hard drugs than Whites at age 17 and drank significantly fewer drinks. ...
Spijkerman Renske - - 2010
Current insights indicate that Web-based delivery may enhance the implementation of brief alcohol interventions. Previous research showed that electronically delivered brief alcohol interventions decreased alcohol use in college students and adult problem drinkers. To date, no study has investigated the effectiveness of Web-based brief alcohol interventions in reducing alcohol use ...
Pompon Julien - - 2010
Aphids are phloem feeders that occasionally ingest xylem sap. The duration of xylem consumption by Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) was positively correlated with the level of dehydration of alate aphids of different ages after a period of starvation, supporting the hypothesis that aphids ingest xylem sap to replenish their water ...
Gao Lei - - 2009
Moderate alcohol consumption has been suggested to facilitate elimination of Helicobacter pylori infection which is a key risk factor for chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) and gastric cancer. The aim of our study was to assess the association of alcohol consumption with CAG among older adults from Germany. In the baseline ...
Buja A - - 2010
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although there is plenty of evidence of the association between metabolic syndrome (MS) and cardiovascular disease, the relationship between alcohol consumption and MS is still questioned. The few publications with respect to the elderly seem to indicate that alcohol consumption is unassociated with MS. The aim of this study ...
Constant Aymery - - 2010
An unprecedented decline in alcohol consumption and road mortality has been observed recently in France, but it is still unclear whether or not these changes affected driving while alcohol-intoxicated (DWI). The objective of the study was to estimate prospectively trends of excessive speed on the roads, alcohol consumption and DWI ...
Sieri S - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Europe has the highest level of alcohol consumption in the world. As drinking patterns are important determinants of the beneficial and harmful effects of alcohol consumption, we investigated alcohol consumption in relation to nutrient intake, place of consumption, education and body weight in a sample of adults from 10 ...
Andreuccetti Gabriel - - 2009
AIMS: To assess the association between alcohol use and victimization by homicide in individuals autopsied at the Institute of Legal Medicine in São Paulo, Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Excessive consumption of alcohol is a serious public health issue and a major factor in triggering violent situations, which suggests a ...
Croy Calvin D - - 2009
We evaluated how ambitions, community ties, monetary sufficiency, employment, and alcohol consumption related to whether young American Indian adults had moved from their Northern Plains reservation. Of 518 Northern Plains reservation residents in 1993, we located 472 in 2003-2005 and found that 89 lived more than a four-hour drive from ...
Appleton Katherine M - - 2009
Low intakes of fruit and vegetables have previously been reported in the older population of Great Britain, particularly among certain socio-demographic groups. Levels and patterns of consumption in the older population of Northern Ireland, however, remain unknown. A representative sample of 1000 members of the older population of Northern Ireland ...
Greenfield Thomas K - - 2009
We investigate several types of graduated frequency (GF) instruments for monitoring drinking patterns. Two studies with 12-month GF measures and daily data were used: (i) the Australian 2004 National Drug Strategy Household Survey (n = 24,109 aged 12+; 22,546 with GF and over 8000 with yesterday data) and (ii) a ...
Moore Simon C - - 2009
Diet has been associated with behavioural problems, including aggression, but the long-term effects of childhood diet on adult violence have not been studied. We tested the hypothesis that excessive consumption of confectionery at age 10 years predicts convictions for violence in adulthood (age 34 years). Data from age 5, 10 ...
Silva Susana M - - 2009
In males, long-term alcohol consumption provokes neurochemical changes in the medial parvocellular division of the PVN (PVNmp) that are partially reversed by withdrawal. Because gonadal steroids modulate the activity of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis, we analyzed the possibility that the repercussions of chronic alcohol consumption and withdrawal on the anatomy and ...
Schr??der Helmut - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previously, we reported the presence of hydroxytyrosol in red wine and higher human urinary recovery of total hydroxytyrosol than that expected after a single red wine intake. We hypothesized that the alcohol present in wine could promote endogenous hydroxytyrosol generation. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the relation between ...
Aho Leena - - 2009
Epidemiological studies have indicated that excessive alcohol consumption leads to cognitive impairment, but the specific pathological mechanism involved remains unknown. The present study evaluated the association between heavy alcohol intake and the neuropathological hallmark lesions of the three most common neurodegenerative disorders, i.e., Alzheimer's disease (AD), dementia with Lewy bodies ...
Creel Scott - - 2009
Recent increases in the height and growth ring width of willow (Salix spp.) and other woody plants in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) have been attributed to a behaviorally mediated trophic cascade from wolves (Canis lupus) to elk (Cervus elaphus) to willows. This hypothesis predicts that individual elk consume less ...
Freisling Heinz - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to examine associations between exposure to nutrition information as covered in mass media and daily fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption among adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional nutrition survey. SETTING: Vocational schools in Vienna, Austria. SUBJECTS: A sample of 2949 ethnically diverse adolescents with mean ...
Xu Liang - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between alcohol consumption and ocular diseases in the adult population of mainland China. DESIGN: Population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: The Beijing Eye Study, performed in 2001, included 4439 subjects (age 40+ years) of 5324 individuals invited to participate (response rate 83.4%). The study was conducted in both ...
Heuberger Roschelle A - - 2009
Alcohol consumption in the older adult is of major concern with the advent of baby boomers coming into the over 65-age bracket. Alcohol consumption has been touted as beneficial for health, and while that may be accurate for moderate consumption in younger persons, there is considerable risk associated with increased ...
Gunji Toshiaki - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The effect of alcohol consumption on the liver is controversial. Recent reports have suggested that moderate alcohol consumption decreases the prevalence of elevated alanine aminotransferase levels. The role of alcohol consumption in the development of fatty liver (FL), however, has not been studied definitively. The aim of this study ...
King Dana E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle choices are associated with cardiovascular disease and mortality. The purpose of this study was to compare adherence to healthy lifestyle habits in adults between 1988 and 2006. METHODS: Analysis of adherence to 5 healthy lifestyle trends (>or=5 fruits and vegetables/day, regular exercise >12 times/month, maintaining healthy weight [body ...
Amaral Cristine da Silva Furtado Cda - - 2009
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the studies about the relationship of alcohol dependence and alcohol consumption with periodontitis. A comprehensive search was performed in the Systematic Eletronic (PUBMED Medline, Latin American and Caribean Health Science-LILACS, Scientific electronic library online-SciELO and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials-CCRT ...
Newman T K - - 2009
The mesolimbic dopamine system plays an important role in mediating a variety of behaviors and is involved in mediating the reinforcing effects of ethanol. Genes encoding dopamine receptor subtypes are thus good candidate loci for understanding the genetic etiologies of susceptibility to alcohol dependence and its antecedent behavioral phenotypes. We ...
Jones Sandra C - - 2009
In response to increasing concerns about excessive drinking among young people the Australian alcohol industry announced that it will introduce more visible standard drink labels. This study sought to examine whether young people use this information in a way that decreases, or increases, alcohol-related harms. Six focus groups with students ...
Donovan Robert J - - 2009
A number of studies have looked at the incidence and nature of depictions of alcohol in various media, primarily in movies, television and magazines. However, there have been few studies of depictions of alcohol in comic strips in newspapers. This study analysed the content of the five comic strips in ...
Egan Vincent - - 2009
One 'reasonable ground' for unlawful sex with a minor is mistaken age. Alcohol consumption and make-up are often deemed further influences on impaired perception. Two hundred and forty persons in bars and cafes rated the attractiveness of composite faces of immature and mature females with and without additional makeup, alcohol ...
Bogg Tim T Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA. - - 2009
Using insights from Ecological Systems Theory and Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory, the current study assessed the utility of a series of hypothetical role-based alcohol-consumption scenarios that varied in their presentation of rewarding and punishing information. The scenarios, along with measures of impulsive sensation seeking and a self-report of weekly alcohol consumption, ...
Hagen Knut - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between caffeine consumption and headache type and frequency in the general adult population. The results were based on cross-sectional data from 50,483 (55%) out of 92,566 invited inhabitants aged >or=20 years who participated in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Survey. In the ...
Clark Paul F - - 2009
The Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis is an invasive species in North American and northeastern European rivers and estuaries, especially the Thames, England, with the potential to cause considerable ecological and structural environmental damage. The brown meat of sexually ripe mitten crabs is highly prized in far eastern restaurants, suggesting ...
Konnopka Alexander - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with both positive and negative health effects. This study aims to estimate the positive and negative consequences on mortality, years of potential life (YPL), quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), resource utilization, and societal costs attributable to moderate alcohol consumption in Germany in 2002. METHODS: The concept ...
Kimata Akiko - - 2009
The ingestion of pesticides in the daily diet is assumed to be the main modality of pesticide exposure for most people. A widely used class of pesticides in agricultural or residential settings is pyrethroid. We have examined the relationship between the intake frequency of selected items of vegetables and fruits ...
Moyano Lourdes - - 2009
The aroma of young and biologically aged sherry wines from Pedro Ximenez grape cultivated conventionally and ecologically has been studied. Fifty-five compounds were quantified by GC, and the odor activity values for the 19 odor-active compounds considered were grouped into 8 odorant series, the fruity and fatty series showing the ...
Suzuki Nao - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationship between alcohol consumption and oral malodour. SUBJECTS: 235 individuals, aged 46.5 +/- 15.3 years (mean +/- SD), who complained of oral malodour. METHODS: An organoleptic test (OLT) was used to estimate the degree of oral malodour, gas chromatography was used to measure volatile sulphur compounds ...
Viravathana Nantaporn - - 2009
To determine the prevalence and patterns of alcohol consumption among the army personnel. A cross-sectional study was carried out during the annual health examination between 2000 and 2001 in two army units located in the central region of Thailand. A total of 843 active duty army personnel participated in the ...
Nackaerts Olivia - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine whether alcohol consumption would predict mandibular bone quality and quantity in a large European female population. In total, 672 middle-aged and elderly women (45-70 yr of age; standard deviation = 6) were recruited in the study. Alcohol consumption was recorded through a ...
Hansell Narelle K - - 2009
Previous studies have identified evidence of genetic influence on alcohol use in samples selected to be informative for alcoholism research. However, there are a growing number of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) using samples unselected for alcohol consumption (i.e., selected on other traits and forms of psychopathology), which nevertheless assess consumption ...
Allamani Allaman - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to obtain information about both drinking and smoking, as well as about alcohol consumption-related problems, among Albanians who have immigrated to Florence, Italy, after the collapse of the Communist regime in 1990. Between October 2001 and January 2002, an opportunistic sample of 141 ...
Srinivas Kolluru - - 2009
This short paper uses cross-country data on per capita cigarette consumption and selected socio-economic variables to explain inter-country differentials in consumption. It is found that the proportion of the aged in the total population and higher literacy among women have relatively greater and positive impact on cigarette consumption. Even after ...
Copete M L - - 2009
This is the first study to be carried out on the incidence of halophenols and haloanisoles, including trichloroanisole, in aged red wines. A total of 966 red wines, aged for 6, 12 and 24 months in oak barrels and from different Spanish production areas, were analysed by stir bar sorptive ...
Huu Bich Tran - - 2009
Alcohol abuse, together with tobacco use, is a major determinant of health and social well-being, and is one of the most important of 26 risk factors comparatively assessed in low and middle income countries, surpassed only by high blood pressure and tobacco. The alcohol consumption patterns and the associations between ...
Grittner Ulrike - - 2009
This paper examines changes in alcohol consumption in Denmark between 2003 and 2006 after the excise tax on spirits in Denmark was lowered by 45% on October 1, 2003 and travelers' allowances for the import of alcohol were increased on January 1, 2004. Cross-sectional and panel data from Denmark from ...
Tikkanen Roope - - 2009
Environmental factors appear to interact with a functional polymorphism (MAOA-LPR) in the promoter region of the monoamine oxidase A gene (MAOA) in determining some forms of antisocial behavior. However, how MAOA-LPR modulates the effects of other factors such as alcohol consumption related to antisocial behavior is not completely understood. This ...
Juonala Markus - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: There is substantial epidemiological data suggesting a J- or U-shaped association between alcohol consumption and coronary events. However, some studies in experimental animals suggest that alcohol may increase atherosclerosis. Therefore, our aim was to study whether alcohol consumption is associated with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, ...
Jenkins Richard J - - 2009
Reactivity to assessment has attracted recent attention in the brief alcohol intervention literature. This systematic review sought to examine the nature of change in alcohol consumption over time in control groups in brief intervention studies. Primary studies were identified from existing reviews published in English language, peer-reviewed journals between 1995 ...
Johansson Edvard - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Aggregate time-series evidence has shown that overall per capita alcohol consumption is associated with sickness absence. This study re-examines the relationship between alcohol consumption and sickness absence by using individual-level microdata and methods that yield results which are less likely to be due to spurious correlations. METHODS: Data on ...
Ishiguro Seiji - - 2009
We examined the effect of alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking and flushing response on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in a large-scale population-based cohort study. 44,970 middle-aged and older Japanese men were followed. A total of 215 cases of ESCC were newly diagnosed. Alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking are strongly associated ...
Rist Fred - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous research used principal components as well as exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis to establish continuous dimensions underlying answers to the 10-items of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). The majority of these studies conclude that one consumption dimension and an adverse consequences dimension explain the answers to ...
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