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Pereira Rafael Eduardo - - 2011
In recent years, alcohol consumption has been considered an important public health problem. Ethanol, the alcohol used in beverages, is a drug that affects the central nervous system (CNS) and impairs driving skills and co-ordination, increasing risk of deaths and injuries derived from crashes and road accidents. Consumption of alcoholic ...
Imatoh T - - 2011
Coffee is among the most widely consumed beverages in the world. Numerous epidemiological studies have reported a significant inverse association between coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, but the underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood. Therefore, we conducted an epidemiological study to clarify the relationship between ...
Fikre A - - 2011
This study describes the correlation of traditional perceptions and dietary habits with the incidence of neurolathyrism to propose preventive measures. Therefore, 118 households of South Wollo and North Gondar (Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia), of which one third had at least one neurolathyrism affected member, were interviewed. Most of the affected ...
Ndububa D A - - 2010
Objective: This study aimed at determining the level and type of alcohol consumed by patients diagnosed with chronic liver disease (CLD) and, hence, the extent to which alcohol may have contributed to the development of the condition. Study Design: Patients with diagnosis of CLD were consecutively recruited and a structured ...
Peck Jennifer D JD Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA. - - 2011
Alcohol administered to laboratory animals has been shown to suppress puberty-related hormones and delay puberty by interfering with ovarian development and function. The effects of early substance use on human pubertal development are relatively unexplored. This cross-sectional study of 3,106 female adolescents, aged 11-21 years, evaluated the association between prepubertal ...
Bagnardi Vincenzo - - 2011
To evaluate differences in the individual alcohol consumption after a community-based prevention programme. 'Alcohol, less is better' is a controlled intervention trial. The intervention adopted a community approach, based on the active involvement of community leaders and institutional or volunteer organizations. Between 1999 and 2006, 2.5 years of activities aiming ...
Sabia Séverine S Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Hôpital Paul Brousse, Villejuif, France. - - 2011
To examine the association of alcohol consumption over 10 years with cognitive performance in different socio-economic groups. Prospective cohort study, the French GAZEL study. France. Employees of France's national electricity and gas company. Alcohol intake was assessed annually, beginning in 1992, using questions on frequency and quantity of alcoholic beverages ...
- - 2010
A diet high in fruits and vegetables can reduce the risk for many leading causes of death and can play an important role in weight management. Healthy People 2010 objectives for fruits and vegetables include targets of increasing to 75% the proportion of persons aged ≥2 years who consume two ...
Skov Steven J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To present recent estimates of alcohol consumption and its impact on the health of people in the Northern Territory, and to draw comparisons with Australia as a whole. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Descriptive study of alcohol consumption in the NT population, based on sales data and self-report surveys, and ...
Norström Thor - - 2010
To examine the potential effects of replacing the Swedish alcohol retail system with a private licensing system on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm. Two possible scenarios were analysed: (1) replacing the current alcohol retail monopoly with private licensed stores that specialize in alcohol sales or (2) making all alcohol available ...
Zimmermann Friederike - - 2011
This study applied an extended theory of planned behavior to test whether psychological variables mediate sex differences in alcohol consumption in social contexts. Questionnaires of 300 young adults (urban, mean age 25 years, 49% female) were collected in 2007 prior to a sociable drinking occasion; consumption data were obtained through ...
Maxwell Hillary G - - 2010
To examine the relationship between the combination of alcohol and benzodiazepines and the risk of committing an unsafe driver action. We used data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (1993-2006) on drivers aged 20 or older who were tested for both alcohol and drugs. Using a case-control design, we compared ...
Kotani Kazuhiko - - 2010
Cardiometabolic disorders including cardiovascular disease (CVD) where the relevance of regular coffee consumption is debatable, has been linked with the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). A more recent study suggests that coffee consumption is associated with normal or increased kidney function as assessed by the estimated glomerular filtration rate ...
Mota Nayara - - 2010
To evaluate the incidence of risky consumption (RC) and heavy episodic drinking (HED) in the Cohort of Spanish university students at two-year follow-up and to identify predictors of these patterns of alcohol consumption and the association between these patterns and academic achievement. We carried out a cohort study. Alcohol consumption ...
Huckle Taisia - - 2010
Introduction and Aims. Significant changes have occurred in the alcohol environment in New Zealand recently and there has been debate about how trends in alcohol consumption may currently look. This paper reports trends in drinking over three general population samples in New Zealand. Design and Methods. Three nationally representative comparable ...
Ganaraja B - - 2010
Alcohol addiction is a social problem faced by every country worldwide. Young people are more at risk of this menace. In spite of a clear knowledge and message about the effects of alcohol on individual health and social fabric, it is hard to curb the overuse of this beverage. In ...
Gaudio R M - - 2010
This study was carried out to evaluate data about trauma-related winter sports, including risk factors such as high speed, gender, age, alcohol consumption, details about the accident and snow conditions. A retrospective review was conducted to determine the injury patterns and crash circumstances in holiday skiers and snowboarders. The data ...
Johnson Pradeep R - - 2010
Family History of Alcoholism and earlier Age of Onset are found to predict Severity of alcoholism. Previous Indian studies in this regard have methodological issues related to the definition of alcoholism and reliability of information obtained. To study the relationship between the Age of onset/Family History and Severity of alcoholism. ...
Brennan Penny L PL Center for Health Care Evaluation, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Menlo Park Division, 795 Willow Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA. - - 2010
This study examines the extent of group-level and intra-individual decline in alcohol consumption among adults as they traverse a 10-year interval spanning late-middle to early-old age. Further, it identifies key baseline predictors of these adults' 10-year drinking trajectories. Community residents (n = 1,291; age 55 to 65 years at baseline) ...
Abdelmalek Manal F MF Division of Gastroenterology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2010
The rising incidence of obesity and diabetes coincides with a marked increase in fructose consumption. Fructose consumption is higher in individuals with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) than in age-matched and body mass index (BMI)-matched controls. Because fructose elicits metabolic perturbations that may be hepatotoxic, we investigated the relationship between ...
Di Noia Jennifer J Department of Sociology, William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ 07470, USA. - - 2010
The availability of fruit, juice, and vegetables (FJV) in home and school settings is positively associated with adolescent fruit and vegetable consumption. Less is known, however, about the influence on youths' consumption of the availability of FJV in community-based settings. This study examined fruit and vegetable consumption in a sample ...
Halsey L G - - 2010
Acute alcohol consumption increases ratings of attractiveness to faces. This may help to explain increased frequencies of sexual encounters during periods of alcohol intoxication. At least in part, such increased attraction may be the result of alcohol consumption decreasing ability to detect bilateral asymmetry, presumably because of the reductions in ...
Müller Stefanie - - 2010
The aim of this study is to assess the contribution of the alcopops tax to changes in alcohol consumption and beverage preference among adolescents in Germany. We hypothesize that the decrease of alcohol intake by alcopops is substituted by an increase of alcohol intake by other alcoholic beverages. Data came ...
Linssen Rik - - 2011
Using data on 697 individuals from 375 rural low income households in India, we test expectations on the effects of relative income and conspicuous consumption on subjective well-being. The results of the multi-level regression analyses show that individuals who spent more on conspicuous consumption report lower levels of subjective well-being. ...
Chung Ick-Joong - - 2010
This study seeks to assess the transition probabilities between smoking and alcohol consumption trajectories for ages 13-17 using data from the Korea Youth Panel Survey (KYPS). Four smoking trajectories were identified-noninitiator, late-onsetter, experimenter, and escalator. Similarly, four alcohol consumption trajectories were identified-noninitiator, late-onsetter, experimenter, and chronic user. Those in the ...
Cousins Gráinne - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the link between alcohol consumption and condom use, testing whether partner type suppresses the effects of alcohol consumption on condom use. This study also sought to determine whether the effects of alcohol on condom use during casual sex remain after adjusting for condom-use intentions and ...
Wellington C G - - 2010
Laboratory experiments were conducted to determine how larval and juvenile yellow perch Perca flavescens respond to changes in prey density when exposed to different levels and types of turbidity (phytoplanktonic or sedimentary). Across prey densities, consumption by P. flavescens tended to be less in phytoplanktonic turbidity compared with sedimentary turbidity. ...
Nissen M J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol consumption reduces the risk of development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and significantly attenuates the development of erosive arthritis in animal models. It remains unknown whether alcohol consumption influences joint damage progression in RA. This study was undertaken to compare the rates of radiographic damage progression in alcohol drinkers ...
Menon Vandana - - 2010
Alcohol consumption appears to be protective for cardiovascular disease; however, its relationship with kidney disease is unclear. This prospective cohort study included 4343 subjects from the Cardiovascular Health Study, a longitudinal, community-based cohort of persons aged ≥65 from four US communities. We used previously defined categories based on weekly alcohol ...
Wong Nellie - - 2010
Moisture is an important physical factor for the survival of termites. The effects of different moisture levels (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25%) of a sand substrate on the behavior of laboratory groups of Microcerotermes crassus Snyder and Coptotermes gestroi (Wasmann) (Blattodea: Termitidae: Rhinotermitidae) were evaluated. Moisture content of ...
Fiorito Laura M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Information is limited on persistence of early beverage patterns throughout childhood and adolescence and their influence on long-term dietary intake. OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in beverage intake during childhood and assess beverage and nutrient intake from ages 5 to 15 years among girls who were consuming or not consuming ...
Kraus Ludwig - - 2010
AIMS: The objective of the present analysis was to investigate the impact of alcopops on drinking behaviour and alcohol-related negative consequences by controlling for alcohol consumption and the share of alcopops in total ethanol intake. METHODS: Data from the 2003 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD) ...
Saison Daan - - 2010
The flavor profile of beer is subject to changes during storage. Since, possibly, yeast has an influence on flavor stability, the aim of this study was to examine if there is a direct impact of brewing yeast on aged aroma. This was achieved by refermentation of aged beers. It was ...
Paileeklee Suchada - - 2010
Alcohol consumption increases health risks and social consequences. It also lowers productivity resulting in economic losses for drinkers and the rest of society. To investigate alcohol drinking behavior and to estimate economic cost incurred by alcohol users in Khon Kaen province in 2007. A cross-sectional survey targeting the population aged ...
Norström Thor - - 2010
Although alcohol seems to be an important determinant of the mortality crisis in the former Soviet Republic of Belarus, little systematic research has been done on the relationship between alcohol consumption and harm at the aggregate level. The aims of the present study were to estimate the effect of per ...
Ramstedt Mats - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Unrecorded alcohol has increased in the Nordic countries during recent years, above all in terms of cross-border trade. This implies that trends and levels of per capita consumption would look different without estimates of this source of alcohol, estimates that in Sweden and other countries are made through surveys. ...
Reeves Mark - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many trials in acute postoperative pain use morphine consumption as an end point. Age has been shown to have a significant influence on morphine consumption but is rarely considered in end point analysis. METHODS: Simulation was used to investigate the effect of age on the power of various sample ...
Lee Jung-Sug - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to analyse vegetable intake by the Korean population based on different meal formats. Twenty-four-hour dietary recall data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to assess daily vegetable intake and consumption ratio of vegetables for different meal types/dining locations. ...
Rattanamongkolgul Suthee - - 2010
To determine population-based prevalence rates of cirrhosis in Nakhon Nayok Province and patterns of the prevalence by sex, age groups and disease type. A retrospective descriptive study of medical record database was performed in all hospitals in the province of Nakhon Nayok during the year 2007. ICD-10 was used to ...
Gao Lei - - 2010
PURPOSE: Moderate alcohol consumption has been suggested to facilitate the elimination of Helicobacter pylori infection as the result of its antibacterial effect. We aimed to assess the associations of current and lifetime alcohol consumption as well as serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), an established biomarker of alcohol consumption, with H. pylori infection ...
Elder Randy W - - 2010
A systematic review of the literature to assess the effectiveness of alcohol tax policy interventions for reducing excessive alcohol consumption and related harms was conducted for the Guide to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide). Seventy-two papers or technical reports, which were published prior to July 2005, met specified quality criteria, ...
Rockenfeller Patrick - - 2010
Epidemiological studies propose that extension of the human lifespan or the reduction of age associated diseases may be achieved by physical exercise, caloric restriction, and by consumption of certain substances such as resveratrol, selenium, flavonoids, zinc, omega 3 unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins E and C, Ginkgobiloba extracts, aspirin, green tea ...
Popkin Barry M BM Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-3997, United States. - - 2010
Total beverage intake patterns have changed greatly over the past half century. The present research was conducted to evaluate historic and current patterns of beverage consumption of adults and children in the U.S. Data were drawn from food balance surveys along with two-day beverage intake averages and were weighted to ...
Wurst Friedrich Martin - - 2010
Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) is a direct ethanol metabolite, and has recently attracted attention as biomarker of ethanol intake. The aims of the current study are: (1) to characterize the normalization time of PEth in larger samples than previously conducted; (2) to elucidate potential gender differences; and (3) to report the correlation ...
Gustafsson Nina-Katri J - - 2010
In 2003, Denmark lowered its tax on spirits, and in 2004, Sweden increased its traveller import quotas. The aim of the study was to determine whether these two changes increased self-reported alcohol consumption in southern Sweden, which is located near Denmark. Data were collected through telephone interviews with the general ...
Razvodovsky Yury Evgeny - - 2010
High violent mortality rate in Russia and its profound fluctuation over recent decades have attracted considerable interest. A mounting body of evidence points to the binge drinking pattern as a potentially important contributor to the violent mortality crisis in Russia. In line with this evidence, we assume that higher level ...
Samochowiec Agnieszka - - 2010
There have been so far no reports in the literature that would discuss how parents' personality characteristics can affect certain predispositions to alcohol dependence in the offspring and can trigger some specific mechanisms of alcohol dependence described in typology developed by Cloninger and Lesch. A total of 81 Polish, Caucasian ...
Cutright Phillips - - 2011
Regression models of cross-national differences in social and economic predictors of per capita alcohol consumption and gender-specific cirrhosis mortality rates are developed for 13 European countries, first using 1970-1984 (period 1) data and then replicating with 1995-2007 (period 2) data. Regression analysis finds that stronger alcohol control policy laws and ...
Kim J-L - - 2010
AIM: To study the associations between fish intake and academic achievement as cognitive parameter among Swedish adolescents. METHODS: In 2000, a questionnaire including respiratory items, socioeconomic conditions and dietary information was mailed to all schoolchildren (n = 18 158), aged 15 and living in Västra Götaland region of Sweden. The ...
Shi Lu - - 2010
Few studies have looked at changes among risk factors that might help explain why childhood obesity prevalence in the US has leveled off in recent years. We present an analysis of the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) that examines trends in childhood and adolescent obesity as well as trends in ...
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