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Results 101 - 150 of 1012
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Odden Harold L - - 2011
Introduction and Aims. Adolescent substance use has increased with globalisation, and yet few data exist from lower- and middle-income countries and the Pacific Islands. This study examines the prevalence of three aspects of substance use over the past 30 days in Samoan adolescents: (i) use of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs; ...
Lyvers Michael - - 2011
The popular notion that alcohol intoxication enhances perceptions of the physical attractiveness of the opposite sex has been inconsistently supported. The current study tested intoxicated and non-intoxicated persons of both genders in naturalistic settings after measuring their blood alcohol concentration (BAC) by a breath test. A sample of 80 heterosexual ...
Combes Jean-Baptiste - - 2011
Health inequality and its social determinants are well-studied, but the determinants of inequality of alcohol consumption are less well-investigated. The total differential approach of decomposition of changes in the concentration index of the probability of participation in alcohol consumption was applied to 8-year longitudinal data for Swedish women aged 28-76 ...
Hintzen Annelie K - - 2011
ABSTRACT. Objective: Long-term studies on patients with impulsive behavior have shown a decrease of symptoms with increasing age. Alcohol craving has many analogies in psychopathology with obsessivecompulsive behavior patterns. The aim of the present study was to fi nd evidence of a possible decrease of craving in elderly alcohol-dependent patients. ...
Jones Sandra C - - 2011
The ready-to-drink (RTD) market is growing rapidly, and this product category has been shown to be particularly appealing to young drinkers. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the range and availability of RTDs available in New South Wales (NSW) (including metropolitan, regional and rural areas), with ...
Friese Bettina - - 2011
ABSTRACT. Objective: We investigated drinking behavior and sources of alcohol among Native American and White youths, as well as how underage drinking behavior and sources of alcohol may be related to environmental factors. Method: Survey data from a sample of 18,916 youths (8th, 10th, and 12th grades) from Montana were ...
de Silva Varuni - - 2011
The harm from alcohol and tobacco use in low- and middle-income countries includes substantial economic cost to the individual. Our aim was to describe the expenditure on concurrent alcohol and tobacco use in relation to family income in two districts in Sri Lanka. A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out ...
Patrick Megan E - - 2011
ABSTRACT. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine how reasons for substance use at age 18 relate to alcohol and marijuana use at ages 18 and 35 and to symptoms of alcohol use disorder and marijuana use disorder at age 35. Method: Bivariate correlation and multivariate regression analyses ...
Nachtigall Irit - - 2011
Impact of gender on severe infections is in highly controversial discussion with natural survival advantage of females described in animal studies but contradictory to those described human data. This study aims to describe the impact of gender on outcome in mixed intensive care units (ICUs) with a special focus on ...
Morleo Michela - - 2011
Internationally, 0.97 per 1,000 live births are affected by foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). However, prevalence intelligence has been limited in the UK, hindering the development of appropriate services. This analysis compares hospital admissions over time, between regions and with alcohol-related admissions for adult females to assess whether established patterns (such ...
Zhang Hong - - 2011
Serum biochemical liver tests (LTs) (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and gamma glutamyltransferase) and platelet counts are often used to screen for chronic liver disease. We determined the prevalence and etiologies of abnormal LTs in an adult population in Jilin, China. A total of 3791 individuals between the ages of 18 ...
Voogt Carmen V - - 2011
The prevalence of heavy drinking among college students and its associated health related consequences highlights an urgent need for alcohol prevention programs targeting 18 to 24 year olds. Nevertheless, current alcohol prevention programs in the Netherlands pay surprisingly little attention to the drinking patterns of this specific age group. The ...
Kornhuber Johannes - - 2011
The ratio of the lengths of the second and fourth finger (2D∶4D) has been described as reflecting the degree of prenatal androgen exposure in humans. 2D∶4D is smaller for males than females and is associated with traits such as left-handedness, physical aggression, attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder and a genetic polymorphism of the ...
Patrick Megan E - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine how reasons for substance use at age 18 relate to alcohol and marijuana use at ages 18 and 35 and to symptoms of alcohol use disorder and marijuana use disorder at age 35. Bivariate correlation and multivariate regression analyses were conducted to ...
Friese Bettina - - 2011
We investigated drinking behavior and sources of alcohol among Native American and White youths, as well as how underage drinking behavior and sources of alcohol may be related to environmental factors. Survey data from a sample of 18,916 youths (8th, 10th, and 12th grades) from Montana were analyzed using hierarchical ...
Corder K K MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Box 285, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK. - - 2011
Studies show an inverse relationship between breakfast frequency and weight gain. This may reflect poor eating habits generally and associated low physical activity (PA) or direct impacts of breakfast on mechanisms leading to lethargy and reduced PA. The relationship between breakfast frequency and PA is inconclusive. We aimed to determine ...
Immonen Sirpa - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate what the older adults themselves consider to be the reasons for their alcohol consumption. METHODS: The data were collected with a postal questionnaire from a random sample of 2100 elderly people (≥65 years) living in the medium-sized city of Espoo, Finland. ...
Papadopoulos Iordanis N - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The frequency of alcohol and psychoactive drugs in fall-related fatalities and their effect on type, severity of injury and location of death constitute the subjects of this study. METHODS: A retrospective analysis based on autopsy and toxicology compared demographics, location of injury; intention for the injury, height of fall, ...
Ade Julius N - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between immigration status, income, drinking and overweight and obesity in African American adults residing in the United States using an internet web based survey. Data on 303 adult African American immigrants and non-immigrants was collected using a self-administered web based ...
Thorberg Fred Arne - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Up to fifty percent of alcohol dependent individuals have alexithymia, a personality trait characterised by difficulties identifying and describing feelings, a lack of imagination and an externalised cognitive style. Although studies have examined alexithymia in relation to alcohol dependence, no research exists on mechanisms underlying this relationship. The present ...
Binakonsky Jane - - 2011
We investigated the extent of jello shot consumption among underage youths. We conducted a pilot study among a nonrandom national sample of 108 drinkers, aged 16-20 years, recruited from the Knowledge Networks Internet panel in 2010 by using consecutive sampling. The prevalence of past 30-day jello shot consumption among the ...
Thombs Dennis - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous research on alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) suffers from measurement problems. Missing from the research literature are studies that assess caffeine-alcohol co-ingestion in natural drinking environments. METHODS: This field study collected data in a U.S. college bar district from 328 randomly selected patrons. Anonymous data were obtained ...
Colrain Ian M - - 2011
The NOGO P3 event-related potential is a sensitive marker of alcoholism, relates to EEG oscillation in the δ and θ frequency ranges, and reflects activation of an inhibitory processing network. Degradation of white matter tracts related to age or alcoholism should negatively affect the oscillatory activity within the network. This ...
Hoeppner Bettina B - - 2011
Current initiatives to update diagnostic criteria for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) have stimulated dialogue about the usefulness of indicators of alcohol consumption in the diagnosis of AUDs. This study used Rasch model analyses to examine the properties of alcohol consumption descriptors and AUD symptoms among 3382 treatment-seeking adolescents, aged 12-18 ...
Yang C T - - 2011
Alcohol is a widely used drug. Our objective was to examine alcohol pharmacokinetics in Chinese subjects through the breath measurement of blood alcohol concentration (BAC) to identify any measurable covariates that may help explain variability between subjects. Breath-alcohol measurements of 184 healthy Chinese subjects were collected. Compartmental models including one- ...
Osberg Timothy M - - 2011
Osberg et al. (2010) recently developed the College Life Alcohol Salience Scale (CLASS), which assesses the extent to which students identify with the college drinking culture. Using a prospective design, we explored the incremental and predictive validity of the new measure in a sample of 479 college freshmen. Scores obtained ...
Kawamoto Ryuichi - - 2011
Serum high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin improves insulin sensitivity, and a decreased level of serum HMW adiponectin has been reported as a risk factor for the development of diabetes and coronary heart disease. This association may be further confounded by the hemoglobin status, which is involved in the development of ...
Cucciare Michael A - - 2011
Brief web-based alcohol interventions (BAIs) are effective for reducing binge drinking in college students and civilian adults, and are increasingly being applied to U.S. military populations. However, little is known about factors associated with binge drinking in Veteran populations and therefore some concern remains on the generalizability of studies supporting ...
Shannon Lisa M - - 2011
Previous research suggests gender differences exist in types of substances used and age of first use. Recent studies exploring contextual differences in substance use between rural Appalachian and urban environments show different patterns of substance use in rural environments. This study explores whether previously established differences in gender and age ...
Labrie Joseph W JW Department of Psychology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA. - - 2011
This study examined the extent to which protective behavioral strategies (PBS) mediated the influence of drinking motives on alcohol consumption, and if these hypothesized relationships were corroborated across subsamples of gender and race. Online surveys were completed by 1592 heavy drinking college undergraduates from two universities (49.9% male and 50.1% ...
Hughes Robert N - - 2010
During late adolescence (postnatal days, PNDs, 45-55), male and female hooded rats were exposed to alcohol (1.14-1.33g/kg/day), caffeine (27.03-27.22mg/kg/day) or alcohol and caffeine together (1.20-1.34g/kg/day alcohol plus 23.85-26.48mg/kg/day caffeine) via their drinking water. The rats' anxiety-related behavior was then assessed on reaching mid adulthood at PND120 in a light-dark box ...
Bertholet Nicolas - - 2011
The amount a person drinks can be influenced by their perception of drinking by others. We studied whether perception of the amount of drinking by others (same age and sex) is associated with one's own current drinking, and the factors that are related to this perception. A random sample of ...
Gelsi Eve - - 2010
Aims:  The aims of this study were to determine whether alcohol consumption or cessation influences transient elastography (TE) measurements and whether TE is a useful tool to monitor alcoholic patients. Patients:  Twenty-three consecutive heavy drinkers (20 men and 3 women; mean age 47.2 years) admitted for a 7-day hospitalization for alcohol ...
Quinn Patrick D - - 2011
Individual differences in subjective alcohol intoxication, as measured by laboratory-based alcohol challenge, have been identified as a phenotypic risk factor for alcohol use disorders. Further, recent evidence indicates that subjective alcohol response is also associated with event-level physiological consequences among college students, including blackouts and hangovers. The current investigation tested ...
Koordeman Renske - - 2011
Aims  This study uses an experimental design to assess the effects of movie alcohol portrayal on alcohol consumption of young adults while watching a movie. Gender, weekly alcohol use and identification with the movie actor/character were assessed as moderators. Design  A two (sex) × two (movie: alcohol or no portrayal of alcohol) ...
Bau Paulo F D - - 2011
Arrhythmogenic effects of alcohol may be intermediated by its effects over heart rate variability (HRV). Most studies about the effects of alcohol over HRV were observational and did not explore the temporal influence of alcohol ingestion over autonomic modulation. The aim of this study was to verify if an acute ...
Morgenstern Matthis - - 2011
Assessing the association between alcohol ad exposure and alcohol use in German adolescents, controlling for general ad exposure. Cross-sectional survey of 3415 sixth to eighth graders (mean 12.5 years) from 29 schools in three German states (June 2008). Exposure to 9 alcohol and 8 non-alcohol advertisements was measured with masked ...
Pieters Marlien - - 2010
We investigated the association between alcohol consumption and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 activity (PAI-1act) and fibrinogen concentration in a black South African population presenting with lower PAI-1act and higher fibrinogen than what is typically observed in white populations. We, furthermore, wanted to investigate the effect of urbanization, sex, central obesity, increased ...
Tortajada Silvia - - 2010
This study examines patterns of alcohol consumption among the Hispanic immigrant population in Valencia (Spain), and also whether the length of immigrants' residence in our country and perceived degree of discrimination have any influence on such patterns. A total of 610 Spanish-speaking immigrants (314 women, 296 men) over 15 years ...
Smith Ashley E - - 2010
Studies have shown that impulsivity-related traits are associated with alcohol use among college students. It is possible that individual differences in susceptibility to reinforcement from alcohol, which reflects the extent to which an individual values alcohol, moderates this relationship. Data were collected from 255 college students at a large, urban ...
Middleton Jennifer Cook - - 2010
Local, state, and national laws and policies that limit the days of the week on which alcoholic beverages may be sold may be a means of reducing excessive alcohol consumption and related harms. The methods of the Guide to Community Preventive Services were used to synthesize scientific evidence on the ...
Velazquez Cayley E - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to explore how behavioral, intrapersonal, and socio-environmental factors were associated with the likelihood of having at least one older friend. Participants included 3,709 ethnically diverse eighth grade students in the Project Northland Chicago intervention trial. Socio-demographic characteristics included gender, family composition, language spoken at ...
de Carvalho Ponce Julio - - 2011
The aims of the present study were to characterize fatal traffic accident victims in a major urban center in Brazil and their association with alcohol consumption. Cross-sectional study of 907 fatal traffic accident victims in Sao Paulo, in 2005. Adult males between the ages of 25 and 54 represented the ...
Herttua Kimmo - - 2010
Aims. Finland experienced a large reduction in alcohol prices in 2004 due to in the lowering of alcohol taxes by about one-third and the abolition of duty-free allowances for travellers from the EU. We examined the effects of these changes on alcohol-related hospitalisations. Design. Time-series intervention analyses of monthly aggregations ...
Picone Gabriel G Department of Economics, University of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Avenue, Tampa, FL 33620-5500, - - 2010
A person's decision to drink alcohol is potentially influenced by both price and availability of alcohol in the local area. This study uses longitudinal data from 1985 to 2001 to empirically assess the impact of distance from place of residence to bars on alcohol consumption in four large U.S. cities ...
Ballenger James F - - 2011
In a large sample of urban police officers, 18.1% of males and 15.9% of females reported experiencing adverse consequences from alcohol use and 7.8% of the sample met criteria for lifetime alcohol abuse or dependence. Female officers had patterns of alcohol use similar to male officers and substantially more than ...
Pichainarong Natchaporn - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the drinking patterns of high school students in central Thailand. Eleven thousand three hundred sixty high school students from central Thailand were divided into 2 groups (drinkers and nondrinkers) according to their alcohol consumption. Information was obtained by an anonymous self-reporting questionnaire ...
McBride Orla - - 2010
Aims  This study investigates the occurrence of clinical features of alcohol dependence and socially maladaptive drinking during the first 24 months after the onset of alcohol use. Design  Data for this study are from the nationally representative 2004-07 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Setting  General population of ...
Pereira Rafael Eduardo - - 2011
In recent years, alcohol consumption has been considered an important public health problem. Ethanol, the alcohol used in beverages, is a drug that affects the central nervous system (CNS) and impairs driving skills and co-ordination, increasing risk of deaths and injuries derived from crashes and road accidents. Consumption of alcoholic ...
Imatoh T - - 2011
Coffee is among the most widely consumed beverages in the world. Numerous epidemiological studies have reported a significant inverse association between coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, but the underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood. Therefore, we conducted an epidemiological study to clarify the relationship between ...
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