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Denny Kevin - - 2011
Objectives.  A number of papers have investigated whether there is an association between handedness and alcohol consumption hypothesizing that alcoholism may be a consequence of atypical cerebral lateralization or a response to the stress involved in being a minority in a right-handed world. Research to date has mostly used small ...
Jones Christopher B - - 2011
The objective of this study was to describe the nature and mechanisms of a case series of Australian work-related non-crash heavy vehicle driver fatalities. The study used existing population-based mortality data on non-crash work-related heavy vehicle (gross vehicle mass >4.5 t) driver fatalities reported to Australian coroners between 2000 and ...
Santolaria Francisco - - 2011
It is well known that alcoholics are prone to severe infections and that the immune system is impaired by chronic ethanol abuse. The aim of this study is to compare serum inflammatory mediators in response to sepsis in chronic alcoholic with sepsis, non-alcoholics with sepsis and non-infected alcoholics. <i>Method.</i> We ...
Atwell Katie K University of Sussex, Brighton, - - 2011
To examine the predictive utility of psychological correlates of alcohol consumption identified in previous (US-dominated) research for a UK student sample and construct an integrative model predictive of alcohol dependency in a sample of first-year undergraduate students. A self-report questionnaire completed by 230 students measured stable and modifiable correlates of ...
Thoma Robert - - 2011
As acute ethanol exposure inhibits N-methyl-D-aspartate glutamate (Glu) receptors, sudden withdrawal from chronic alcohol use may lead to an increased activation of these receptors with excitotoxic effects. In the longer term, brain levels of Glu and its metabolites, such as glutamine (Gln), are likely to be chronically altered by alcohol, ...
Morgenstern Matthis - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that changes in alcohol-related attitudes and expectancies mediate the effect of alcohol advertising on youth drinking. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey with a 9-month interval. SETTING: Twenty-nine public schools in 3 German states. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2130 sixth- to eighth-grade students (age range, 11-17 years; mean, ...
Tarkiainen Lasse - - 2011
Background Less attention has been paid to mortality trends across income groups than those measured by other socioeconomic indicators. This study assessed the change in life expectancy by income over 20&emsp14;years in the Finnish general population. Methods Life expectancy among 35-year-olds by household income quintiles was studied. Change in life ...
Weyerer Siegfried - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: to investigate prospectively the relationship between current alcohol consumption (quantity and type of alcohol) and incident overall dementia and Alzheimer dementia. Method: the study is based on individuals (75+) attending general practitioners in Germany: 3,202 subjects free of dementia were studied at baseline, 1.5 years and 3 years later ...
Osterberg Esa L - - 2011
Introduction and Aims. Different motives in determining the level and structure of alcohol taxes lead to greatly varying alcohol excise duty levels. The aim of this paper is to look at alcohol excise duty rates in European Union (EU) and the mechanisms affecting them. Also the trends in alcohol prices ...
Santolaria Francisco - - 2011
It is well known that alcoholics are prone to severe infections and that the immune system is impaired by chronic ethanol abuse. The aim of this study is to compare serum inflammatory mediators in response to sepsis in chronic alcoholic with sepsis, non-alcoholics with sepsis and non-infected alcoholics. We included ...
Stickley Andrew - - 2011
ABSTRACT. Objective: Previous research suggests that a strong relation exists between alcohol consumption and suicide in Soviet and post-Soviet Russia. This study extends this analysis across a much longer historical time frame by examining the relationship between heavy drinking and suicide in tsarist and post-World War II Russia. Method: Using ...
Timko Christine - - 2011
This study examined associations between frequency of driving while intoxicated (DWI) at baseline and obtaining alcohol-related help at follow-up, and between obtaining help and subsequent reductions in DWI. It also examined improvements on personal functioning and life context indices as mediators between obtaining help and reduced occurrences of DWI. A ...
Paradis Catherine - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess whether the effect of parenthood on alcohol intake varies according to the context in which the drinking act occurs. The data were drawn from the Canadian Addiction Survey, a national telephone survey conducted in 2004. The analytical sample included 1,079 drinking occasions ...
Brennan Penny L - - 2011
The aim of this study was to describe older adults' 20-year alcohol-consumption and drinking-problem trajectories, identify baseline predictors of them, and determine whether older men and women differ on late-life drinking trajectory characteristics and predictors. Two-group simultaneous latent growth modeling was used to describe the characteristics and baseline predictors of ...
Pedersen Sarah L SL Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, - - 2011
Implicit cognitions about alcohol have been shown to be an important predictor of alcohol use. Relatively little research has been conducted on racial/ethnic differences in implicit cognitions or changes in implicit cognitions while intoxicated. This study examined differences between Blacks and Whites in positive and negative implicit associations about alcohol, ...
Rehm Jürgen J Epidemiological Research Unit, Technische Universität Dresden, Klinische Psychologie and Psychotherapie, Dresden, Germany. mail: - - 2011
To describe three aspects of the epidemiology of alcohol-attributable deaths in Europe, dose, demography and place, and to illustrate how such knowledge can better be used to inform alcohol policy formulation and implementation. epidemiological and population health modeling. Europe. Based on country-specific aggregate statistics. country-specific adult per capita consumption triangulated ...
Patrick Megan E ME Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. - - 2011
Developmental changes in both alcohol use behaviors and self-reported reasons for alcohol use were investigated. Participants were surveyed every 2 years from ages 18 to 30 as part of the Monitoring the Future national study (analytic weighted sample size N = 9,308; 53% women, 40% college attenders). Latent growth models ...
An Ruopeng R RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA. - - 2011
Excessive alcohol use remains an important lifestyle-related contributor to morbidity and mortality in the U.S. and worldwide. It is well documented that drinking patterns differ across racial/ethnic groups, but not how those different consumption patterns would respond to tax changes. Therefore, policy makers are not informed on whether the effects ...
Guttmannova Katarina K Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, 9725 3rd Avenue N.E., Seattle, WA 98115, USA. - - 2011
This study examined the association between age at alcohol use onset and adult alcohol misuse and dependence by testing the sensitive-period hypothesis that early adolescence (11-14) is a vulnerable period of development during which initiating alcohol use is particularly harmful. Data came from a longitudinal panel of 808 participants recruited ...
Campos Joaquin - - 2011
Background:  Although it is well known that alcoholism increases long-term mortality, there is a paucity of data regarding long-term prognosis in alcoholic patients who have an episode of alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS). Methods:  We studied a cohort of 1,265 individuals with severe AWS who were admitted to a single university ...
Fein George G Neurobehavioral Research Inc., 1585 Kapiolani Blvd., Honolulu, HI 96814, USA. - - 2011
Reduced P3b event-related potentials (ERP) amplitude during visual target detection in alcoholics is a robust phenomenon. However, this finding is based primarily on samples of treated alcoholics, who comprise only about 25% of alcoholics. We studied visual target detection in a treatment-naïve alcohol-dependent sample (TNAD) versus age and gender comparable ...
Akiyama Takumi T Department of Internal Medicine, Saga Medical School, Saga 8498501, - - 2011
To identify factors associated with the age at onset of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Five hundred and fifty-six consecutive patients positive for HCV antibody and treatment-naïve HCC diagnosed between 1995 and 2004 were analyzed. Patients were classified into three groups according to age at HCC onset: < ...
Panconesi Alessandro - - 2011
Alcoholic drinks are a migraine trigger in about one third of patients with migraine in retrospective studies on trigger factors. Many population studies show that patients with migraine consume alcohol in a smaller percentage than the general population. Moreover, research has shown a decreased prevalence of headache with increasing number ...
Sloan Frank A FA Department of Economics, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0097, USA. - - 2011
We assessed the relation of alcohol consumption in young adulthood to problem alcohol consumption 10 years later and to educational attainment and labor market outcomes at midlife. We considered whether these relations differ between Blacks and Whites. We classified individuals on the basis of their drinking frequency patterns with data ...
Sameti Mohammad M Neurobehavioral Research, Inc., 1585 Kapiolani Blvd., Honolulu, HI 96814, - - 2011
Research in chronic alcoholics on memory, decision-making, learning, stress, and reward circuitry has increasingly highlighted the importance of subcortical brain structures. In addition, epidemiological studies have established the pervasiveness of co-occurring psychiatric diagnoses in alcoholism. Subcortical structures have been implicated in externalizing pathology, including alcohol dependence, and in dysregulated stress ...
Goudriaan Anna E AE Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia, MO, USA. - - 2011
Very few studies have investigated the "real world" prospective, predictive value of behavioral instruments used in laboratory studies to test decision-making abilities or impulse control. The current study examines the degree to which 2 commonly used decision-making/impulse control measures prospectively predict (heavy) alcohol use in a sample of college students. ...
Ekholm O - - 2011
Background/Objectives:Our knowledge of the association between alcohol intake and alcohol-related health outcomes depends, to a large extent, on the validity and reliability of self-reported alcohol intake. Weekly drinking measures are frequently used in epidemiological surveys, but it has been shown that respondents have problems in correctly reporting intake for a ...
Boschloo Lynn - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Heavy alcohol use as well as alcohol dependence (AD) have been associated with dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis and the autonomic nervous system (ANS). However, the relative contribution of alcohol use and AD is unclear. METHODS: Baseline data were derived from 2947 persons of the Netherlands Study of Depression ...
Dick Danielle M DM Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, - - 2011
The Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (RAPI) is widely used to assess adolescent drinking-related problems. We asked how well RAPI, administered in late adolescence, predicts alcohol diagnoses at age 25 in a 7-year follow-up. At age 18, a population-based sample of Finnish twins completed RAPI by postal questionnaire; 597 (300 male) ...
Bouthoorn Selma H - - 2011
Gender differences in alcohol intoxication among adolescents are still largely unknown, whereas these differences have been studied in adults. To investigate possible differences, this study analyzed pediatric admissions for alcohol intoxication to the majority of Dutch hospitals between 2007 and 2009. Another aim was to explore key characteristics (e.g. blood ...
Umhau John C - - 2011
Modulation of alcohol craving induced by challenge stimuli may predict the efficacy of new pharmacotherapies for alcoholism. We evaluated two pharmacological challenges, the α(2)-adrenergic antagonist yohimbine, which reinstates alcohol seeking in rats, and the serotonergic compound meta-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP), previously reported to increase alcohol craving in alcoholics. To assess the predictive ...
Marshall-Berenz Erin C - - 2011
The present investigation examined the mediating role of distress tolerance in the association between impulsivity and alcohol use coping motives among trauma-exposed individuals. Participants were 86 adults (64.3% women; M(age) = 23.4, SD = 9.3) who met the DSM-IV-TR posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) criterion A for at least one traumatic ...
Poletto Juliana - - 2011
This cross-sectional study aimed to estimate the prevalence of hyperuricemia and associated risk factors among Japanese-Brazilians. We obtained data on demographic, health history, food intake, and laboratory variables. Chi-square and prevalence ratios were used as measures of association. 35.3% of the subjects presented hyperuricemia, which was more frequent in smokers, ...
Mason W Alex - - 2011
Adolescent alcohol involvement is associated with numerous negative outcomes, but also appears to have positive correlates, including subjective well-being. Additional research is needed to understand these paradoxical findings. The current study examines alcohol use, adverse alcohol-related (and other substance-related) consequences, and subjective well being in adolescence, and prediction to problem ...
Merlo Lisa J LJ Department of Psychiatry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. - - 2011
Internationally, sporting events represent a specific context in which heavy episodic drinking is common. The current study assessed determinants of heavy episodic drinking among tailgaters (i.e., individuals engaging in pre-game social festivities) prior to American football games at two large universities. A total of 466 individuals at two universities completed ...
O'Brien Kerry S - - 2011
AIMS: To examine the relationship between direct alcohol and non-alcohol sponsorship and drinking in Australian sportspeople. METHODS: Australian sportspeople (N = 652; 51% female) completed questionnaires on alcohol and non-alcohol industry sponsorship (from bars, cafes etc.), drinking behaviour (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)) and known confounders. RESULTS: 31% reported sponsorship (29.8% ...
Lai Taavi - - 2011
AIMS: To describe alcohol policy changes in parallel to consumption changes in 2005-2010 in Estonia, where alcohol consumption is among the highest in Europe. METHODS: Review of pertinent legislation and literature. RESULTS: Alcohol consumption decreased since 2008, while alcohol excise tax, sales time restrictions and ad bans have increased since ...
Francalanci Claudia - - 2011
AIMS: The aim was to analyse the characteristics of, and validate, a new instrument in Italian, 'Scale for the measurement of attitudes towards alcohol'. The instrument is a means for assessing young people's risk profile regarding the use of alcohol and identifying the factors that contribute to determining this attitude. ...
Wakabayashi Ichiro - - 2011
Background: Relationships between alcohol consumption and risks for metabolic syndrome in general populations are very controversial. It is unknown whether age influences the relationship between alcohol intake and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether age influences the relationship between alcohol consumption ...
Haug Severin - - 2011
AIMS: To investigate associations of normative misperceptions and drinking behaviors in apprentices, complementing the previous literature on university students. METHODS: A survey in a defined region of northern Germany was carried out among 1124 apprentices attending vocational schools. Using items from the short form of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification ...
Mattiko Mark J - - 2011
AIMS: An examination of alcohol use patterns in the active duty military to determine the relations of drinking levels and self-reported negative outcomes. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study design using two-stage complex sampling methodology. SETTING: Paper and pencil surveys were administered anonymously in groups at 64 U.S. military installations worldwide. ...
Stockwell Tim - - 2011
Aims  To study relationships between rates of alcohol-related deaths and (i) the density of liquor outlets and (ii) the proportion of liquor stores owned privately in British Columbia (BC) during a period of rapid increase in private stores. Design  Multi-level regression analyses assessed the relationship between population rates of private ...
Bocca Beatrice - - 2011
The reference ranges for blood Cu, Mn, Se and Zn of 215 adult subjects non-occupationally exposed and living in the Nuoro province (Sardinia, insular Italy) were assessed. Metals were determined by sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry after microwave-assisted acid digestion of blood. The blood reference ranges estimated as ...
Patra Jayadeep - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Alcohol causes a considerable criminal burden on the Canadian society. The purpose of this study is to estimate the avoidable burden and avoidable costs of alcohol-attributable criminality in Canada for the year 2002. METHODS: The impact of the following six alcohol policy interventions relative to baseline costs obtained from ...
Rosicova Katarina - - 2011
Regional differences in alcohol-related mortality might reflect strong socioeconomic differences between regions. The present study examines the contribution of education, unemployment, income and minority proportion on regional differences in alcohol-related mortality for inhabitants aged 20-64 years. Linear regression analysis and a non-parametric regression tree analysis were used separately for males ...
Siskind Victor - - 2011
This paper presents findings from the rural and remote road safety study, conducted in Queensland, Australia, from March 2004 till June 2007, and compares fatal crashes and non-fatal but serious crashes in respect of their environmental, vehicle and operator factors. During the study period there were 613 non-fatal crashes resulting ...
Bossarte Robert M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have identified significant associations between alcohol initiation before the age of 13years and risk for suicide attempts. However, these associations have not been extensively tested using data obtained from populations with clinically significant psychopathology. The current study seeks to extend knowledge of the associations between early alcohol ...
Verster Joris C - - 2011
In industrialized countries one-fifth of all traffic accidents can be ascribed to sleepiness behind the wheel. Driver sleepiness can have many causes, including the use of medicinal drugs or prolonged driving. The present study compared the effects of prolonged highway driving at night with driving impairment caused by alcohol. A ...
Siegel Michael - - 2011
Background:  Although we know a great deal about the percentage of youth who drink alcohol, we know very little about the specific brands they choose to drink. This information gap needs to be addressed if public health officials are to develop more effective interventions. Unfortunately, there are no national youth ...
Erickson Darin J - - 2011
Background:  We measured blood alcohol content (BAC) levels of attendees at professional sporting events and assessed the factors associated with higher BACs. Methods:  We conducted BAC tests of 362 adult attendees following 13 baseball games and three football games. We ran multivariate analyses to obtain factors associated with the risk ...
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