Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1012
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Mukamal Kenneth J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the relation of alcohol intake and systemic inflammation in a population-based sample of older adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: As part of the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS), 5865 adults aged 65 years and older reported their intake of beer, wine, and liquor. We determined white blood ...
Ramstedt Mats - - 2004
To describe trends in overall alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality in Canada, and to test regional associations between per capita alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality. Alcohol sales for 1950-2000 were used to measure total alcohol consumption; alcohol-related mortality consisted of nine different alcohol-related causes of death for 1950-1998. Alcohol consumption ...
Nishida N - - 2004
There is little information regarding the association between alcohol consumption and periodontitis risk. We assessed whether alcohol consumption and ALDH(2) genotypes were associated with periodontitis. Subjects' lifestyle was examined by a self-administered questionnaire, and the percentage of pocket depths > or = 3.5 mm was used as a periodontal parameter. ...
Morris Martha Savaria - - 2004
PURPOSE: To study the relationship between alcoholic beverage intake and early lens opacities. METHODS: 556 Boston-area women aged 53-74 years were sampled from the Nurses' Health Study cohort. Degree of opacity was assessed by eye examinations including lens photography. RESULTS: After multivariate adjustment, the odds of a nuclear opacity grade ...
Sahar Fazal
<i>Serangium</I> <I>japonicum</I> potential predator of <I>Bemisia tabaci</I> is capable of discriminating between nymphs with advanced stages of parasitoid and unparasitized nymphs. The consumption of whitefly nymphs by the adult as well 4th instar larvae beetle offered 5 days postoviposition of <I>Eretmocerus</I> sp. and unparasitized nymphs were almost the same indicating ...
Sumskas Linas - - 2004
Alcohol consumption becomes an important social and health problem among youth in many countries. Analysis of data on alcohol consumption behavior from World Health Organization Cross-National Study on Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) is presented in the article. This survey is carried out in majority of European countries including ...
Dakeishi Miwako - - 2004
To clarify the effects of alcohol consumption on hepatocellular injury, we examined aspartate and alanine aminotransferases (AST and ALT), and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), together with weekly alcohol consumption calculated from a self-rating questionnaire, in 1113 Japanese salesmen. The thresholds of associations between alcohol consumption and liver markers were estimated by the ...
Anderson J J B - - 2004
As part of the Lipid Research Clinics (LRC) Program Prevalence Study of coronary heart disease risk factors, nutrient intakes of two US populations over 59 years of age were determined by 24-hour recalls in the 1970s. Characteristics of the populations were (1) California: suburban, upper-middle class, 95% high school graduates, ...
Anttila Petra - - 2004
AIMS: There are only limited data comparing the diagnostic characteristics of carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) measurements in assays for excessive alcohol consumption under controlled conditions. METHODS: We compared different CDT assays and the conventional laboratory markers of ethanol consumption, gamma-glutamyl transferase (gamma-GT) aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) in ...
Bartali Benedetta - - 2004
Most of the tools used to assess nutritional intake in large epidemiological studies were originally developed to be used in young and middle-aged subjects and, therefore, their validity and reliability when employed in older subjects remain uncertain. We conducted this study to verify whether the questionnaire developed in the context ...
Felding P - - 2004
The rules for recruitment of reference individuals, inclusion and preparation of individuals, blood collection, treatment of samples (and control materials) and analysis at the 102 medical laboratories attending the Nordic Reference Interval Project (NORIP) are given as well as the rules for central exclusion of reference individuals. The individuals (18-91-year-olds) ...
Kurtu M Y - - 2004
A survey on camel meat productivity and consumption was conducted in Jijiga and Harar towns in 1999. Almost all the camels slaughtered were adults, predominantly males. Measurements of height, hump girth and thoracic girth were used to estimate the live weight. All the measurements were significantly greater in the male ...
Sierksma Aafje - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Moderate alcohol consumption has been postulated to be cardioprotective. Such an effect might be reflected in large-artery properties, such as arterial stiffness and wave reflections. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three hundred seventy-one healthy postmenopausal women aged 50 to 74 years were sampled from a population-based study. Alcohol intake was calculated ...
Topin N - - 2003
To understand the influence of gender on oxygen consumption of respiratory muscles (VO(2)resp), 32 healthy subjects participated in the study (16 males, 16 females). They were divided into four groups: young males, young females, older males and older females. We used a closed circuit device which allowed a continuous increase ...
Juárez Jorge - - 2003
We assessed the effects of alcohol exposure in social and isolation housing before puberty on the alcohol consumption later in adulthood. From 25 to 35 days of age, Wistar male rats were exposed to either (a) continuous isolation; (b) continuous social housing; (c) continuous isolation, but placed in social housing ...
Andersen Anette - - 2003
AIMS: The aim of this paper was to assess (1) changes in drinking behaviour over time among Danish adolescents and (2) use of which alcoholic beverages and what drinking patterns would have the strongest predictive effect on later alcohol consumption. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: The population was a random sample of ...
Kim Kyungwon - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explain intention to consume dairy products and consumption of dairy products by older adults using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). The factors examined were attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control. DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire was administered. SETTING: Community centers with ...
Masala Giovanna - - 2003
A representative sample of the general population residing in the city of Florence was invited to participate in the local section of the EPIC study with two major aims: i) to carry out a population-based survey on dietary and life-style habits in this urban area of Tuscany, Central Italy; ii) ...
Bramley Dale - - 2003
AIM: To describe relative differences in alcohol consumption patterns in Maori and non-Maori from all available large-scale New Zealand surveys. METHODS: Data from five New Zealand surveys (national and population specific) conducted since 1988 were made available to the investigators and were re-analysed by sex and age group in Maori ...
Il'yasova D - - 2003
Induction of apoptosis has been suggested as a mechanism for the anti-carcinogenic effect of tea constituents in animals and in vitro studies. We addressed this hypothesis in a human study. Study participants were consecutive patients who underwent colonoscopy at the UNC Hospitals (August 1998 to March 2000). Biopsies were taken ...
Droomers M - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This paper describes and attempts to explain the association between occupational level of the father and high alcohol consumption among a cohort of New Zealand adolescents from age 11 to 21. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the longitudinal Dunedin multidisciplinary health and development study. At each measurement wave, ...
Chesson Harrell W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: A substantial research literature has documented an association between alcohol consumption and risky sexual behavior at the level of the individual. We explored the association between changes in alcohol consumption and sexually transmitted disease (STD) incidence rates at the level of the 50 U.S. states and the District of ...
Mennen Louise I - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on the effects of alcohol consumption on total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations showed contradictory results. The conflicting results may derive in part from confounding by the type of alcoholic beverage consumed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate in a predominantly wine-drinking French population whether ...
New Susan A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Availability of confectionery from vending machines in secondary schools provides a convenient point of purchase. There is concern that this may lead to 'over-indulgence' and hence an increase in susceptibility to obesity and poor 'dietary quality'. The study objective was to investigate the association between the frequency of consumption ...
Matsuka Yoko - - 2003
We studied the association of gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and other serum markers of liver injury with daily alcohol consumption in a healthy population of 1,043 Japanese males. A positive correlation between daily alcohol consumption and biochemical markers, such as log GGT (r = 0.432), log AST (r = 0.244) or log ...
Bouchard Maryse - - 2003
Long-term exposure to manganese (Mn) can induce neurotoxic effects including neuromotor, neurocognitive and neuropsychiatric effects, but there is a great interpersonal variability in the occurrence of these effects. It has recently been suggested that blood Mn (MnB) may interact with alcohol use disorders, accentuating neuropsychiatric symptoms. The objective of the ...
John J H - - 2003
Our aim was to investigate the response of participants in different Stage of Change (SOC) groups to an intervention to increase fruit and vegetable consumption. Participants recruited from a primary-care health centre were entered into a trial investigating an intervention to increase fruit and vegetable consumption. A total of 729 ...
Jones Barry T - - 2003
AIMS: To measure the effect of moderate alcohol consumption on males' and females' attractiveness ratings of unfamiliar male and female faces. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty undergraduate volunteers were used in each of three experiments. DESIGN: Participants' ratings on a 1-7 scale was the dependent variable. A three-factor mixed design was used. For ...
Rehm Jürgen - - 2003
Two main types of studies of alcohol consumption and total mortality/morbidity are distinguished, namely: individual level studies and aggregate level studies. Alcohol consumption is usually characterized in terms of volume or average volume of consumption. More recently, patterns of drinking, especially heavy drinking occasions, have been introduced. On the individual ...
Seccareccia Fulvia - - 2003
PURPOSE: To examine prospectively the relationship between vegetable consumption and long-term survival. METHODS: In 1965, a total of 1536 Italian males from two Italian rural cohorts of the Seven Countries Study, aged 45-65 years, were examined. Information on lifestyle and food consumption collected at this visit, and total and cause-specific ...
Pitiphat W - - 2003
Alcohol consumption impairs neutrophil, macrophage, and T-cell functions, increasing the likelihood of infections. We examined the association between alcohol consumption and periodontitis, prospectively, among 39,461 male health professionals aged 40 to 75 years and free of periodontitis at the start of follow-up. Alcohol intake was assessed at baseline and updated ...
Gupta Prakash C - - 2003
AIMS: To assess the prevalence and pattern of alcohol use in a middle-aged and elderly population in Mumbai, India. METHODS: 50 220 men aged >/=45 years from the lower and lower-middle section of the general population were interviewed. RESULTS: 18.8% were currently consuming alcoholic beverages, of whom 32.8% drank on ...
Hallikainen Tero - - 2003
The dopaminergic system in the human brain is thought to play a major role in the development of alcohol consumption habits and alcoholism. It has been reported that homozygous D2-/- knock-out mice lacking D2 receptors consume about 50% to 60% less ethanol than wild-type D2+/+ mice, and heterozygous mice have ...
Gordon Adam J - - 2003
We sought to determine if Brief Interventions [BIs, Motivational Enhancement (ME), and Brief Advice (BA)] reduced alcohol consumption among hazardous alcohol drinking elderly (65 years or older) and whether the elderly responded similarly to younger populations. In 12 primary care offices from October 1995 to December 1997, we screened 13,438 ...
Fornairon-Bonnefond Caroline - - 2003
Potential oxygen consumption by lees, more precisely by nonviable yeasts, during wine aging was recently described. Additionally, yeast autolysis is described as the main mechanism of degradation of lees during wine aging. Thus, to understand the effect of oxygen consumption by yeast lees during wine aging, an accelerated wine aging ...
Kuo Meichun - - 2003
BACKGROUND: On July 1st, 1999, the spirits market in Switzerland was reformed based on the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement. The tax reform, in addition to increased competition, has resulted in a 30-50% decrease in price for foreign spirits (liquor). The purpose of the present study is to examine whether ...
Vincent-Viry Monique - - 2003
This study describes the factors of variation of the enzymes related to the PON1-192 phenotype assessment, i.e., basal paraoxonase, salt-stimulated paraoxonase and arylesterase activities, and compares the PON1-192 phenotype to the PON1-192 genotype assessments in supposedly healthy subjects issued from the Stanislas cohort study. The studied population included 918 subjects, ...
González-Quintela A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Chronic alcoholism is associated with increased total serum IgE levels. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the relationship between alcohol intake and both total serum IgE levels and allergic sensitization in a general adult population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 720 subjects was randomly selected (stratified by age) ...
Shahar D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine dietary intake and eating patterns of older persons in Israel and to identify factors associated with low intake. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community-dwelling participants living in the Beer-Sheva area were interviewed at home, using a 24 h food questionnaire with additional questions regarding health and eating ...
Alte Dietrich - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Biomarker distributions must be well known for use as screening tools for hazardous alcohol consumption in general populations. The aim of this study was to investigate characteristics of carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) and to compare it with gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and erythrocyte mean corpuscular volume (MCV) in regard to distribution in ...
Vaicaitiene Ramute - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to investigate the rate of age-related maculopathy among elderly males and females in relation to frequency of consumption of fresh vegetables and fruit. During ophthalmological investigation of Kaunas city inhabitants aged 65-74 years (240 males and 206 females) age-related maculopathy (early and late) was ...
Amit Zalman - - 2003
The purpose of the present study was to examine the possible relationship between the consumption of alcohol and the smoking of cigarettes and the intake of sweet tasting substances in a group of in-patient chronic alcoholics residing in the Israeli governmental treatment center. Patients were interviewed regarding their alcohol intake, ...
Sakata Ritsu - - 2003
A case-control study of idiopathic osteonecrosis of femoral head (ION) was carried out to investigate the association between workload intensity, smoking, drinking, ADH2 and ALDH2 genotype and other factors and development of ION by comparing 43 cases (34 males and 9 females) without history of systemic corticosteroid use with 86 ...
Carlsson Sofia S Division of Epidemiology, Stockholm Centre of Public Health, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2003
Self-reported information on alcohol from questionnaires is generally assumed to introduce misclassification of consumption, mainly in the direction of underestimation. The aim of this study was to evaluate self-reported information on alcohol consumption from a mailed questionnaire by comparing to a dietary history interview and biochemical markers of alcohol intake. ...
Nakaji Shigeyuki - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of accurate data regarding any association in the general population between defecation and lifestyle factors such as diet, exercise, physique, and childbirth. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the effects of such lifestyle factors on defecation among regional residents of Japan. METHODS: Residents (n = ...
Flahaut C - - 2003
Appearance of a hyposialylated transferrin fraction in the plasma during chronic alcohol exposure is a well-known phenomenon, and it represents the best available marker of chronic alcohol consumption. The mechanisms of its appearance are still not well understood and are extremely complex, involving biosynthesis and catabolism alterations, although the only ...
John Ulrich - - 2002
AIMS: Little is known about age and gender distributions in alcohol-attributable mortality (AAM). The aim of this paper is to describe age and gender in AAM in a high per capita consumption country. METHODS: The AAM was determined using national mortality statistics and data on the prevalence of alcohol risk ...
Poikolainen Kari K Finnish Foundation for Alcohol Studies, P O Box 220, FIN-00531 Helsinki, - - 2002
To ascertain the accuracy of a quantity-frequency questionnaire (QF) and a graduated frequency questionnaire (GF) as methods of obtaining self-reported alcohol intake in relation to a daily diary and biochemical tests. QF and GF data were obtained before and after a 1-month daily diary on alcohol intake in a sample ...
Pelletier Stéphanie S Service d'Hépatogastroentérologie et Alcoologie, CHU Caremeau, Nîmes, INSERM U 370, Paris, - - 2002
While it was thought that all alcoholic beverages share a similar liver toxicity when drunk at a high level, recent epidemiological surveys have suggested that wine drinking might decrease the risk of alcoholic cirrhosis in heavy drinkers. Therefore, we performed a study aiming to analyse the type and the intake ...
Giskes Katrina - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether socio-economic groups differ in their fruit and vegetable consumption, and the variety eaten, and whether socio-economic differences are similar for adolescents and adults. The study also examined whether socio-economic groups vary in their reported desire to increase the amount of fruit and vegetables consumed, and the ...
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